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Rohit arora

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634026/the-analogy-between-the-timing-of-renal-replacement-therapy-and-mechanical-circulatory-intervention
#1
EDITORIAL
Rohit K Singal, Rakesh C Arora
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611374/efficacy-and-safety-of-mycobacterium-indicus-pranii-as-an-adjunct-therapy-in-category-ii-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-a-randomized-trial
#2
Surendra K Sharma, Kiran Katoch, Rohit Sarin, Raman Balambal, Nirmal Kumar Jain, Naresh Patel, Kolluri J R Murthy, Neeta Singla, P K Saha, Ashwani Khanna, Urvashi Singh, Sanjiv Kumar, A Sengupta, J N Banavaliker, D S Chauhan, Shailendra Sachan, Mohammad Wasim, Sanjay Tripathi, Nilesh Dutt, Nitin Jain, Nalin Joshi, Sita Ram Raju Penmesta, Sumanlatha Gaddam, Sanjay Gupta, Bakulesh Khamar, Bindu Dey, Dipendra K Mitra, Sunil K Arora, Sangeeta Bhaskar, Rajni Rani
Prolonged treatment of tuberculosis (TB) often leads to poor compliance, default and relapse, converting primary TB patients into category II TB (Cat IITB) cases, many of whom may convert to multi-drug resistant TB (MDR-TB). We have evaluated the immunotherapeutic potential of Mycobacterium indicus pranii (MIP) as an adjunct to Anti-Tubercular Treatment (ATT) in Cat II pulmonary TB (PTB) patients in a prospective, randomized, double blind, placebo controlled, multicentric clinical trial. 890 sputum smear positive Cat II PTB patients were randomized to receive either six intra-dermal injections (2 + 4) of heat-killed MIP at a dose of 5 × 10(8) bacilli or placebo once in 2 weeks for 2 months...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578933/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-pulmonary-embolectomy-and-right-ventricular-assist-device-for-massive-pulmonary-embolism
#3
Carly L Lodewyks, Joseph M Bednarczyk, Owen T Mooney, Rakesh C Arora, Rohit K Singal
Consensus regarding the management of massive pulmonary embolism (PE) and persistent shock after thrombolysis is lacking. A 30-year-old man collapsed with massive PE 3 days after an exploratory laparotomy for penetrating trauma, and he remained hypoxic and hypotensive despite thrombolytic therapy. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was instituted as a bridge to surgical embolectomy, and placement of a right ventricular assist device (RVAD) was used to facilitate separation from cardiopulmonary bypass...
March 31, 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578258/alternative-treatment-strategies-for-neuropathic-pain-role-of-indian-medicinal-plants-and-compounds-of-plant-origin-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Hasandeep Singh, Sakshi Bhushan, Rohit Arora, Harpal Singh Buttar, Saroj Arora, Balbir Singh
Neuropathic pain is a complex, chronic pain state accompanied by tissue injury and nerve damage. This important health issue constitutes a challenge for the modern medicine worldwide. The management of neuropathic pain remains a major clinical challenge, pertaining to an inadequate understanding of pathophysiological mechanisms of neuropathic pain. Various classes of drugs have been reported effective for the management of neuropathic pain viz. opiates, tricyclic antidepressants, and antiepileptic agents. However, association of adverse effects with these drugs hinders their confident prescription in people with neuropathic pain...
June 1, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506700/synergistic-antimutagenic-effect-of-isothiocyanates-against-varied-mutagens
#5
Geetanjali Rampal, Tarunpreet Singh Thind, Rohit Arora, Adarsh Pal Vig, Saroj Arora
Although plant foods provide an array of nutrients in the human diet, our knowledge of how these nutrients are interacting among each other at molecular level is limited. Among these, glucosinolates are the most important secondary metabolites, which are readily hydrolyzed to a variety of products including isothiocyanates. The current study emphasizes on the antimutagenic potential of three isothiocyanates (ITCs) viz. allyl, benzyl and 3-butenyl ITCs (individually and in binary combinations) in Ames Salmonella histidine reversion assay using Salmonella typhimurium TA98 and TA100 tester strains...
May 12, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391754/time-dependent-recovery-of-outcome-parameters-in-ulnar-shortening-for-positive-ulnar-variance-a-prospective-case-series
#6
Gernot Schmidle, Tobias Kastenberger, Rohit Arora
BACKGROUND: This study evaluates the results of ulnar shortening using the ulna osteotomy locking plate system (UOL; I.T.S. GmbH, Graz, Austria) with special regard to the time-dependent recovery of subjective and objective outcome parameters and surgeons' experiences. METHODS: Ulnar shortening using the UOL was performed on 11 patients (3 men, 8 women) with an average age of 47 ± 19.6 years. Range of motion (ROM) and grip strength were compared with the contralateral hand...
April 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340662/vascularized-small-bone-transfers-for-fracture-nonunion-and-bony-defects
#7
REVIEW
Ai Dong Deng, Marco Innocenti, Rohit Arora, Markus Gabl, Jin Bo Tang
Vascularized small-bone grafting is an efficient and often necessary surgical approach for nonunion or necrosis of several bones in particular sites of the body, including scaphoid, lunate, distal ulna, and clavicle. The medial femoral condyle is an excellent graft source that can be used in treating scaphoid, ulna, clavicle, or lower-extremity bone defects, including nonunion. Vascularized bone grafting to the small bones, particularly involving reconstruction of damaged cartilage surfaces, should enhance subchondral vascular supply and help prevent cartilage regeneration...
April 2017: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272652/bioprotective-efficacy-of-erucin-against-7-12-dimethylbenz-%C3%AE-anthracene-induced-microstructural-changes-in-male-wistar-rats
#8
Rahul Mannan, Rohit Arora, Sakshi Bhushan, Sonam Sharma, Tejinder Bhasin, Saroj Arora
OBJECTIVE: Environmental pollutants are responsible for inducing a number of biochemical and physical changes in the various organs of an organism. The most potent pollutants is7,12-dimethylbenz(α)anthracene (DMBA) (a genotoxic carcinogen), a polyaromatic hydrocarbon. It is known to induce a number of genetic changes including the formation of DNA adducts. These genotypic changes in turn are responsible for inducing microstructural changes in the vital organs viz. kidneys, stomach and lungs of an organism...
February 4, 2017: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188122/drug-resistance-detection-and-mutation-patterns-of-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-strains-from-children-in-delhi
#9
Jyoti Arora, Ritu Singhal, Manpreet Bhalla, Ajoy Verma, Niti Singh, Digamber Behera, Rohit Sarin, Vithal Prasad Myneedu
A total of 312 sputum samples from pediatric patients presumptive of multidrug resistant tuberculosis were tested for the detection of drug resistance using the GenoTypeMTBDRplus assay. A total of 193 (61.8%) patients were smear positive and 119 (38.1%) were smear negative by Ziehl-Neelsen staining. Line probe assay (LPA) was performed for 208 samples/cultures (193 smear positive samples and 15 cultures from smear negative samples). Valid results were obtained from 198 tests. Of these, 125/198 (63.1%) were sensitive to both rifampicin (RIF) and isoniazid (INH)...
June 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174166/early-rehospitalization-after-prolonged-intensive-care-unit-stay-post-cardiac-surgery-outcomes-and-modifiable-risk-factors
#10
Rizwan A Manji, Rakesh C Arora, Rohit K Singal, Brett M Hiebert, Alan H Menkis
BACKGROUND: Prolonged intensive care unit length of stay (prICULOS) following cardiac surgery (CS) in older adults is increasingly common but rehospitalization characteristics and outcomes are understudied. We sought to describe the rehospitalization characteristics and subsequent non-institutionalized survival of prICULOS (ICULOS ≥5 days) patients and identify modifiable risk factors to decrease 30-day rehospitalization. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive patients from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2011 were analyzed utilizing linked clinical and administrative databases...
February 7, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144973/minnelide-inhibits-androgen-dependent-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-growth-by-decreasing-expression-of-androgen-receptor-full-length-and-splice-variants
#11
Sumit Isharwal, Shrey Modi, Nivedita Arora, Charles Uhlrich, Bhuwan Giri, Usman Barlass, Ayman Soubra, Rohit Chugh, Scott M Dehm, Vikas Dudeja, Ashok Saluja, Sulagna Banerjee, Badrinath Konety
BACKGROUND: With almost 30,000 deaths per year, prostate cancer is the second-leading cause of cancer-related death in men. Androgen Deprivation Therapy (ADT) has been the corner stone of prostate cancer treatment for decades. However, despite an initial response of prostate cancer to ADT, this eventually fails and the tumors recur, resulting in Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer (CRPC). Triptolide, a diterpene triepoxide, has been tested for its anti-tumor properties in a number of cancers for over a decade...
February 1, 2017: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119800/ulna-rotation-osteotomy-in-complete-dislocation-of-the-distal-radioulnar-joint
#12
Markus Gabl, Rohit Arora, Eva Maria Gassner, Gernot Schmidle
Background Complete dislocation of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) is a rare injury. Dislocation can present as uni- or multidirectional, acute or chronic, reducible or irreducible. It can occur due to isolated loss of ligamentous restraints or more frequent in Galeazzi - or Essex-Lopresti-type fractures. Case Description A 28-year-old man sustained a distal radius fracture and presented after conservative treatment with blocked supination. Examination revealed a malunion of the distal radius in combination with an irreducible dorsal dislocation of the DRUJ...
February 2017: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108063/mobile-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-and-the-urgency-to-reanimate-reconsidering-the-boundaries
#13
EDITORIAL
Rohit K Singal, John L Jefferies, Robert Kormos, Rakesh C Arora
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103857/ameliorative-potential-of-alstonia-scholaris-linn-r-br-against-chronic-constriction-injury-induced-neuropathic-pain-in-rats
#14
Hasandeep Singh, Rohit Arora, Saroj Arora, Balbir Singh
BACKGROUND: Alstonia scholaris commonly known as 'Saptaparni' is an Indian traditional medicinal plant used in Ayurveda. It is commonly used to treat various disorders like asthma, bronchitis, diarrhea, dysentery and malaria. In folklore medicine the milky juice of the plant is applied on wounds and ulcers to treat pain, ear ache and also in rheumatic pains. AIM: The present study was designed to investigate the potential of A. scholaris R. Br. in chronic constriction injury of sciatic nerve (CCI) induced neuropathic pain in rats...
January 19, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092285/perioperative-%C3%AE-blockers-in-patients-undergoing-noncardiac-surgery-scientific-misconduct-and-clinical-guidelines
#15
Dhauna Karam, Rohit Arora
BACKGROUND: β-blocker use in perioperative period of noncardiac surgeries has been a topic of debate since many years. Earlier studies conducted in the 90s showed decreased cardiac adverse events and improved postoperative outcomes with β-blocker use. Based on this, the ACCF and ESC published guidelines strongly supporting β-blocker use. But contemporaneous studies conducted revealed conflicting evidence and have also proven some of the earlier studies to be fraudulent. Although ACCF guidelines have been updated to partially reflect the changes, ESC guidelines continue to support β-blocker use...
January 10, 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043503/isoniazid-resistance-among-rifampicin-susceptible-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-isolates-from-tuberculosis-patients
#16
Jyoti Arora, Ritu Singhal, Ajoy Kumar Verma, Gavish Kumar, Manpreet Bhalla, Rohit Sarin, Vithal Prasad Myneedu
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: With the introduction of novel molecular techniques that rely on rifampicin (RIF) susceptibility, resistance to isoniazid (INH) or other first-line drugs remains undetected. Such patients are prescribed first-line antituberculosis therapy and are on RIF monodrug therapy during the continuation phase, which may lead to therapeutic failure and emergence of multidrug resistance. We aimed to study INH resistance among RIF-susceptible Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) isolates from retreatment patients...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024556/current-and-future-status-of-extracorporeal-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-for-in-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#17
REVIEW
Rohit K Singal, Deepa Singal, Joseph Bednarczyk, Yoan Lamarche, Gurmeet Singh, Vivek Rao, Hussein D Kanji, Rakesh C Arora, Rizwan A Manji, Eddy Fan, A Dave Nagpal
Numerous series, propensity-matched trials, and meta-analyses suggest that appropriate use of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (E-CPR) for in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) can be lifesaving. Even with an antecedent cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) duration in excess of 45 minutes, 30-day survival with favourable neurologic outcome using E-CPR is approximately 35%-45%. Survival may be related to age, duration of CPR, or etiology. Associated complications include sepsis, renal failure, limb and neurologic complications, hemorrhage, and thrombosis...
January 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024549/temporary-mechanical-circulatory-support-in-cardiac-critical-care-a-state-of-the-art-review-and-algorithm-for-device-selection
#18
REVIEW
A Dave Nagpal, Rohit K Singal, Rakesh C Arora, Yoan Lamarche
With more than 60 years of continuous development and improvement, a variety of temporary mechanical circulatory support (MCS) devices and implantation strategies exist, each with unique advantages and disadvantages. A thorough understanding of each available device is essential for optimizing patient outcomes in a fiscally responsible manner. In this state of the art review we examine the entire range of commonly available peripheral and centrally cannulated temporary MCS devices, including intra-aortic balloon pumps, the Impella (Abiomed, Danvers, MA) family of microaxial pumps, the TandemHeart (CardiacAssist Inc, Pittsburg, PA) pump and percutaneous cannulas, centrally cannulated centrifugal pumps such as the CentriMag (Thoratec Corp, Pleasanton, CA/St Jude Medical, St Paul, MN/Abbott Laboratories, Abbott Park, IL) and Rotaflow (Maquet Holding BV & Co KG, Rastatt Germany), and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation...
January 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987225/arrhythmias-in-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease-what-are-risk-factors-for-specific-arrhythmias
#19
Rohit S Loomba, Matthew W Buelow, Saurabh Aggarwal, Rohit R Arora, Joshua Kovach, Salil Ginde
INTRODUCTION: An increasing number of patients with congenital heart disease are now surviving into adulthood. This has also led to the emergence of complications from the underlying congenital heart disease, related surgical interventions, and associated combordities. While the prevalence of particular arrhythmias with specific congenital heart disease has been previously described, a detailed analysis of all lesions and a large number of comorbidities has not been previously published...
December 16, 2016: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864303/diagnosis-of-left-ventricular-assist-device-outflow-graft-obstruction-using-intravascular-ultrasound
#20
Hellmuth R Muller Moran, Malek Kass, Amir Ravandi, Shelley Zieroth, S Allan Schaffer, Francisco J Cordova, Zlatko I Pozeg, Rakesh C Arora, Rohit K Singal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Circulation. Heart Failure
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