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congenital diaphragmatic eventration

Chitralekha Patra, Naveen G Singh, N Manjunatha, Anand Bhatt
Eventration of the diaphragm is a rare entity, characterised by abnormal elevation of a dome of diaphragm. In this condition, the diaphragm is composed of fibrous tissue with few or no interspersed muscle fibres. Eventration can be congenital or acquired. Congenital eventration results from inadequate development of muscles or absence of phrenic nerve. The common cause of acquired eventration is injury to the phrenic nerve from traumatic birth injury or surgery for heart disease. The perioperative anaesthetic management of diaphragmatic eventration along with ventricular septal defect with severe pulmonary hypertension makes this case both challenging and unique...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
V Núñez, M Romo, J L Encinas, A Bueno, B Herrero, E Antolín, M Parrón, L Martínez, M López Santamaría
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Different echographic and fetal magnetic resonance (MRI) measurements have been described in the diagnosis of associated malformations and the prognosis of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). We have reviewed our experience searching for useful isolated or combined parameters and how MRI can complement ultrasound. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We evaluated 29 fetuses with CDH. We examined ultrasonography: Lung to Head (LHR o/e) and in MRI: ipsilateral lung volume (IPV) and total expressed as percentage of observed / expected lung volume (VPT o/e) and percentage of herniated liver (PHH)...
February 1, 2018: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
Matthew S Clifton, Mark L Wulkan
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia can be approached successfully using minimally invasive techniques. Although there are may be a suggestion of higher recurrence rates with thoracoscopic repair, this may be due to the learning curve. However, open repair is associated with additional morbidity, most notably an increased rate of small bowel obstruction. Appropriate patients who have congenital diaphragmatic hernia should be offered the benefits of minimally invasive repair.
December 2017: Clinics in Perinatology
C Shwaartz, E Duggan, D S Lee, C M Divino, E H Chin
Diaphragmatic eventration is an uncommon condition, usually discovered incidentally in asymptomatic patients. Even in symptomatic patients, the diagnosis can be challenging and should be considered among the differential diagnoses of diaphragmatic hernia. The correct diagnosis can often only be made in surgery. We describe the case of a 31-year-old patient with diaphragmatic eventration that was misdiagnosed as a recurrent congenital diaphragmatic hernia and review the corresponding literature.
September 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Rahul Kadam, Vsv Prasad
Intrathoracic gastric volvulus in neonatal period is a life-threatening surgical emergency. We report a case of neonate with respiratory distress and GI bleeding who was diagnosed to have congenital diaphragmatic eventration with Intrathoracic gastric volvulus.
April 2017: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
Johann Paulo S Guzman, Nilo C Delos Santos, Edgar A Baltazar, Allan Troy D Baquir
We present a rare case of 32year old female with congenital diaphragmatic eventeration female presenting in an adult. She had symptoms of intermittent dyspnea and occasional epigastric discomfort. Patient had no previous history of trauma. Physical examination showed bowel sound involving the left hemithorax. Imaging modalities confirmed the diagnosis of a congenital left diaphragmatic eventeration. Patient underwent plication of the diaphragm using the abdominal approach. Intra-operatively, the left diaphragm was attenuated...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
H J Manson, Y M Goh, P Goldsmith, P Scott, P Turner
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) usually presents in infancy with respiratory failure requiring urgent surgical correction. Mortality in this group of patients remains poor and persistent pulmonary hypertension is a significant contributor. It is therefore rare for patients to reach adulthood undiagnosed. CDH is often identified incidentally in adults but when symptoms arise, they relate to the organ involved, and include gastrointestinal symptoms of dyspepsia and obstruction, as well as respiratory complaints such as dyspnoea...
February 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Jun Sun, Angela J McGillivray, Jason Pinner, Zhihui Yan, Fengxia Liu, Drago Bratkovic, Elizabeth Thompson, Xiuxiu Wei, Huifeng Jiang, Asan, Maya Chopra
BACKGROUND: Asparagine Synthetase Deficiency (ASNSD; OMIM #615574) is a newly described rare autosomal recessive neurometabolic disorder, characterised by congenital microcephaly, severe psychomotor delay, encephalopathy and progressive cerebral atrophy. To date, seven families and seven missense mutations in the ASNSD disease causing gene, ASNS, have been published. METHODS: We report two further affected infant sisters from a consanguineous Indian family, who in addition to the previously described features had diaphragmatic eventration...
2017: JIMD Reports
Shyam Sathanandam, T K Susheel Kumar, Alexander Feliz, Christopher J Knott-Craig
We report a case of an infant who was postnatally diagnosed with hypoplastic left heart syndrome and an intact atrial septum who underwent emergent atrial decompression followed by the Norwood operation. She was also found to have a congenital diaphragmatic hernia on the left side and a congenital eventration of the right diaphragm, both requiring surgical repair. She was later found to have an anomalous origin of the left circumflex coronary artery from the right pulmonary artery that was ligated at the time of the bilateral bidirectional Glenn operation...
July 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Jun Fujishiro, Tetsuya Ishimaru, Masahiko Sugiyama, Mari Arai, Keisuke Suzuki, Hiroshi Kawashima, Tadashi Iwanaka
Owing to recent advances in minimally invasive surgery (MIS), laparoscopic and thoracoscopic surgery have been gradually introduced for use in neonates and infants. This review focuses on two popular MIS procedures for diaphragmatic diseases in neonates and infants: congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CHD) repair and plication for diaphragmatic eventration. While several advantages of MIS are proposed for CDH repair in neonates, there are also some concerns, namely intraoperative hypercapnia and acidosis and a higher recurrence rate than open techniques...
July 2016: Surgery Today
Mohamed Moneer ElSaegh, Nur Ismail, Joel Dunning
Elevated diaphragm can be due to diaphragmatic eventration or diaphragm paralysis. Diaphragm paralysis is a rare condition that can be congenital or acquired. Acquired diaphragmatic paralysis can result from injury to the phrenic nerve. Subsequently, there is loss of contractility of the diaphragm muscle leading to progressive atrophy and, hence, distension of the dome of the diaphragm leading to elevated right, left, or both copula of the diaphragm. Diaphragm plication aims to return the abdominal contents back to their normal position and allow for greater lung expansion by reducing the abundant diaphragmatic surface...
April 2016: Surgical Technology International
Harun Arslan, Cengiz Aydogan, Cihan Orcen, Edip GonIllu
Thoracic ectopic kidney is a rare developmental anomaly that is the least frequent one among all forms of ectopic kidneys. The condition is generally asymptomatic. If a kidney image is missing on one side in renalor pelvic region in sonographic examination, the possibility of thoracic ectopic kidney should be taken into consideration. For final diagnosis, chest radiography and thorax computerised tomography should be obtained. We herein report a rare case of intra-thoracic kidney accompanied by diaphragm eventration...
March 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Fikret Halis, Akin Soner Amasyali, Aysel Yucak, Turan Yildiz, Ahmet Gokce
Abdominal trauma is responsible for most genitourinary injuries. The incidence of renal artery injury and intrathoracic kidney is quite low in patients who present with blunt trauma experiencing damage. There are four defined etiologies for intrathoracic kidney, which include real intrathoracic ectopic kidney, eventration of the diaphragm, congenital diaphragmatic herniation, and traumatic diaphragmatic rupture. The traumatic intrathoracic kidney is an extremely rare case. We presented intrathoracic kidney case after traumatic posterior diaphragmatic rupture...
2015: Case Reports in Urology
Eitan Podgaetz, Ilitch Diaz, Rafael Santiago Andrade
Introduction Diaphragmatic eventration is a congenital defect of the muscular portion of a hemidiaphragm that eventually leads to hemidiaphragmatic elevation and dysfunction. The clinical diagnosis of diaphragmatic eventration or diaphragmatic paralysis may be indistinguishable and diaphragmatic plication is the treatment of choice for both conditions. Discussion We review the indications, patient selection, and surgical techniques for diaphragmatic plication. We explain our preferred technique and guide the reader step by step on our approach...
December 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
Ashraf Alshorbagy, Yasser Mubarak
BACKGROUND: To evaluate our experience of early surgical plication for diaphragmatic eventration (DE) in infancy and childhood. METHODS: This study evaluated infants and children with symptomatic DE who underwent plication through an open transthoracic approach in our childhood development department between January 2005 and December 2012. Surgical plication was performed in several rows using polypropylene U-stitches with Teflon pledgets. RESULTS: The study included 12 infants and children (7 boys and 5 girls) with symptomatic DE (9 congenital and 3 acquired)...
October 2015: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Ali Ghribi, Aicha Bouden, Mariem Braiki, Asma Jabloun, Nada Sghairoun, Manef Gasmi, Mourad Hamzaoui
BACKGROUND: Diaphragmatic eventration (ED) is a rare anomaly defined by a permanent elevation of a hemidiaphragm without defects. Clinical manifestations are diverse, ranging from asymptomatic to life-threatening respiratory distress. The aim of this study is to report our experience of management of eight children with ED over the past 15 years. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted involving 8 infants and children with ED managed at the department of pediatric surgery of Tunis Children's Hospital...
February 2015: La Tunisie Médicale
Guo-qing Cao, Shao-tao Tang, Tajammool Hussein Aubdoollah, Li Yang, Shuai Li, Hai-yan Lei, Xi Zhang, Kang Li, Xin-xing Wang, Xian-cai Xiang
PURPOSE: To report our technique and experiences in the laparoscopic diaphragmatic hemiplication (LDHP) in children with acquired diaphragmatic eventration after congenital heart surgery. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Between October 2007 to December 2013, 3498 children with congenital heart disease underwent cardiac surgery in our hospital, and 40 (1.14%) of them had unilateral diaphragmatic elevation on postoperative chest X-ray (mean elevation, 2.5 ± 0.26 intercostal spaces [ICS]) and were diagnosed as having diaphragmatic eventration due to diaphragmatic hemiparesis as a result of phrenic nerve injury...
October 2015: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Leonor Alamo, François Gudinchet, Reto Meuli
Imaging plays a key role in the detection of a diaphragmatic pathology in utero. US is the screening method, but MRI is increasingly performed. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is by far the most often diagnosed diaphragmatic pathology, but unilateral or bilateral eventration or paralysis can also be identified. Extralobar pulmonary sequestration can be located in the diaphragm and, exceptionally, diaphragmatic tumors or secondary infiltration of the diaphragm from tumors originating from an adjacent organ have been observed in utero...
December 2015: Pediatric Radiology
Soumitra Saha, Harshjeet Singh Bal, Sudipta Sen
Rupture of the diaphragm may be traumatic or spontaneous. A spontaneous rupture occurring in a congenital eventration of the diaphragm is extremely rare. Only one such case has been reported previously. We report a case of a 5-month-old male infant who presented with acute life-threatening respiratory distress secondary to spontaneous rupture of a congenital diaphragmatic eventration.
May 14, 2015: BMJ Case Reports
Katrin B Zahn, Sabrina Scherf, Thomas Schaible, Lucas M Wessel, Cornelia I Hagl
BACKGROUND: The coexistence of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) with esophageal atresia (EA) has only been reported occasionally in literature. Series of patients from a single institution with comparison of different postnatal therapeutic approaches have not been reported. We describe our management in this unique cohort of patients and discuss the procedures that can lead to successful outcomes in this association of congenital anomalies. METHODS: The surgical approaches and outcome of six neonates with CDH associated with EA and distal tracheo-esophageal fistula (TEF) are discussed...
August 2015: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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