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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779300/coroners-recommendations-for-prevention-of-resident-deaths-in-aged-care-the-role-of-primary-care-providers
#1
Georgia Aitken, Athena Demosthenous, Lyndal Bugeja, Melissa Willoughby, Carmel Young, Joseph E Ibrahim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Currently, very little is known about how coroners consider a role for general practitioners (GPs) and registered nurses (RNs) in recommendations for the prevention of premature death. Involving these professions in recommendations generally directed towards government organisations or residential aged care providers and management may contribute to more successful broader policy changes. The aim of this article was to examine whether coroners' recommendations describe a specific role for GPs and RNs in the prevention of premature death in residential aged care settings and, if so, what domains of practice were considered...
May 2018: Australian journal of general practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779124/confidenht%C3%A2-system-for-diagnostic-mapping-of-renal-nerves
#2
REVIEW
Costas Tsioufis, Kyriakos Dimitriadis, Panagiotis Tsioufis, Rafael Patras, Maria Papadoliopoulou, Zoi Petropoulou, Dimitris Konstantinidis, Dimitrios Tousoulis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize the evidence regarding the distribution of renal nerves and their patterns of anatomic variations in animal and human settings. Moreover, the methodology and results of studies regarding renal nerve stimulation (RNS) in both preclinical and clinical models are presented. RECENT FINDINGS: There are differences regarding the number and the size of renal fibers, as well as their distance from the lumen in the diverse parts of the main renal arteries and the branches...
May 19, 2018: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767796/specificity-in-nitric-oxide-signalling
#3
Saima Umbreen, Jibril Lubega, Beimi Cui, Qiaona Pan, Jihong Jiang, Gary J Loake
Reactive nitrogen species (RNS) and their cognate redox signalling networks pervade almost all facets of plant growth, development, immunity and environmental interactions. The emerging evidence implies that specificity in redox signalling is achieved by a multi-layered molecular framework. This encompasses the production of redox cues in the locale of the given protein target and protein tertiary structures that convey the appropriate local chemical environment to support redox-based, post-translational modifications (PTMs)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760582/registered-nurses-and-older-people-s-experiences-of-participation-in-nutritional-care-in-nursing-homes-a-descriptive-qualitative-study
#4
Katarina Sjögren Forss, Jane Nilsson, Gunilla Borglin
Background: The evaluation and treatment of older people's nutritional care is generally viewed as a low priority by nurses. However, given that eating and drinking are fundamental human activities, the support and enhancement of an optimal nutritional status should be regarded as a vital part of nursing. Registered nurses must therefore be viewed as having an important role in assessing and evaluating the nutritional needs of older people as well as the ability to intervene in cases of malnutrition...
2018: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758066/utility-of-social-networks-and-online-data-collection-in-nursing-research-analysis-of-spanish-nurses-level-of-knowledge-about-palliative-care
#5
Elena Chover-Sierra, Antonio Martínez-Sabater
INTRODUCTION: Internet-based social networks are used by nurses with different purposes, including the creation of working groups and to share and create knowledge. PURPOSE: To evaluate the utility of social networks in the dissemination of an online questionnaire and to measure Spanish RNs' knowledge about palliative care. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out. Using social networks we distributed an online questionnaire with the Spanish version of Palliative Care Quiz for Nurses (PCQN-SV) throughout August 2015...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742968/corrigendum
#6
(no author information available yet)
Kovner, C. T., Brewer, C. S., Fatehi, F., Jun, J. (2014). What does nurse turnover rate mean and what is the rate. Policy, Politics, & Nursing Practice, 15(3-4), 64-71. doi: 10.1177/1527154414547953 The authors wish to make a correction to the above referenced article. Table 4 provides very misleading data, because all the settings and hospital only rates were calculated differently and therefore the rows should not be compared. [Table: see text] The first row (now Table 4a ) includes RN jobs only in any setting...
January 1, 2018: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739855/detection-of-mitochondria-generated-reactive-oxygen-species-in-cells-using-multiple-probes-and-methods-potentials-pitfalls-and-the-future
#7
Gang Cheng, Monika Zielonka, Brian Dranka, Suresh N Kumar, Charles R Myers, Brian Bennett, Alexander M Garces, Luiz Gabriel Dias Duarte Machado, David Thiebaut, Olivier Ouari, Micael Hardy, Jacek Zielonka, Balaraman Kalyanaraman
Reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS/RNS) such as superoxide (O2 •- ), hydrogen peroxide, lipid hydroperoxides, peroxynitrite, and hypochlorous and hypobromous acids play a key role in many pathophysiological processes. Recent studies have focused on mitochondrial ROS as redox signaling species responsible for promoting cell division, modulating and regulating kinases and phosphatases, and activating transcription factors. Many ROS also stimulate cell death and senescence. The extent to which these processes occur is attributed to ROS levels (low or high) in cells...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733843/modulation-of-nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-and-reduction-of-neural-tube-defects-by-quercetin-3-glucoside-in-embryos-of-diabetic-mice
#8
Chengyu Tan, Fantong Meng, E Albert Reece, Zhiyong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus in early pregnancy increases the risk of birth defects in infants. Maternal hyperglycemia stimulates the expression of nitric oxide (NO) synthase 2 (NOS2), which can be regulated by transcription factors of the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) family. Increases in reactive nitrogen species (RNS) generate intracellular stress conditions, including nitrosative, oxidative, and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stresses, and trigger programmed cell death (or apoptosis) in the neural folds, resulting in neural tube defects (NTDs) in the embryo...
May 4, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725495/characterization-of-the-antioxidant-effects-of-%C3%AE-oryzanol-involvement-of-the-nrf2-pathway
#9
W Rungratanawanich, G Abate, M M Serafini, M Guarienti, M Catanzaro, M Marziano, M Memo, C Lanni, D Uberti
γ -Oryzanol (ORY) is well known for its antioxidant potential. However, the mechanism by which ORY exerts its antioxidant effect is still unclear. In this paper, the antioxidant properties of ORY were investigated for its potential effects as a reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS/RNS) scavenger and in activating antioxidant-promoting intracellular pathways utilizing the human embryonic kidney cells (HEK-293). The 24 h ORY exposure significantly prevented hydrogen peroxide- (H2 O2 -) induced ROS/RNS production at 3 h, and this effect was sustained for at least 24 h...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724274/nursing-group-empowerment-instrument-revision
#10
Christina L Sieloff, Marty Downey, Rebecca L Muller
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Sieloff-King Assessment of Group Empowerment with Organizations (SKAGEO) has demonstrated consistent reliability and validity, although past participants reported the need for revisions to further improve its clarity and ease of use in research. The purpose of this research was to use focus groups to revise the SKAGEO. METHODS: Two focus groups were held (seven RNs and one student nurse). Thematic analysis was used to analyze the focus group discussions...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722278/cold-atmospheric-pressure-plasma-induces-dna-protein-crosslinks-through-protein-oxidation
#11
Li Guo, Yiming Zhao, Dingxin Liu, Zhichao Liu, Chen Chen, Ruobing Xu, Miao Tian, Xiaohua Wang, Hailan Chen, Michael G Kong
Reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS and RNS) generated by cold atmospheric-pressure plasma could damage genomic DNA, although the precise type of these DNA damage induced by plasma are poorly characterized. Understanding plasma-induced DNA damage will help to elucidate the biological effect of plasma and guide the application of plasma in ROS-based therapy. In this study, it was shown that ROS and RNS generated by physical plasma could efficiently induce DNA-protein crosslinks (DPCs) in bacteria, yeast, and human cells...
May 3, 2018: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721150/p66-shc-inactivation-modifies-rns-production-regulates-sirt3-activity-and-improves-mitochondrial-homeostasis-delaying-the-aging-process-in-mouse-brain
#12
Hernán Pérez, Paola Vanesa Finocchietto, Yael Alippe, Inés Rebagliati, María Eugenia Elguero, Nerina Villalba, Juan José Poderoso, María Cecilia Carreras
Programmed and damage aging theories have traditionally been conceived as stand-alone schools of thought. However, the p66Shc adaptor protein has demonstrated that aging-regulating genes and reactive oxygen species (ROS) are closely interconnected, since its absence modifies metabolic homeostasis by providing oxidative stress resistance and promoting longevity. p66Shc(-/-) mice are a unique opportunity to further comprehend the bidirectional relationship between redox homeostasis and the imbalance of mitochondrial biogenesis and dynamics during aging...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720842/-in-vitro-antioxidant-potentials-of-cyperus-rotundus-l-rhizome-extracts-and-their-phytochemical-analysis
#13
Arunagiri Kamala, Sushil Kumar Middha, Chitra Gopinath, H S Sindhura, Chandrakant S Karigar
Background: Cyperus rotundus L. (family Cyperaceae), native to India, is a multivalent medicinal plant widely used in conventional medicine. The research reports on bioactive components from C. rotundus L. are scanty. Objective: The objective of the study was to optimize the best solvent system and bioprospect the possible phytochemicals in C. rotundus L. rhizome (CRR). Materials and Methods: The phytochemicals were extracted from the rhizomes of C...
April 2018: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720099/skill-mix-change-between-general-practitioners-nurse-practitioners-physician-assistants-and-nurses-in-primary-healthcare-for-older-people-a-qualitative-study
#14
Marleen H Lovink, Anneke J A H van Vught, Anke Persoon, Lisette Schoonhoven, Raymond T C M Koopmans, Miranda G H Laurant
BACKGROUND: More and more older adults desire to and are enabled to grow old in their own home, regardless of their physical and mental capabilities. This change, together with the growing number of older adults, increases the demand for general practitioners (GPs). However, care for older people lacks prestige among medical students and few medical students are interested in a career in care for older people. Innovative solutions are needed to reduce the demand for GPs, to guarantee quality of healthcare and to contain costs...
May 2, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719883/nursing-information-flow-in-long-term-care-facilities
#15
Quan Wei, Karen L Courtney
OBJECTIVE:  Long-term care (LTC), residential care requiring 24-hour nursing services, plays an important role in the health care service delivery system. The purpose of this study was to identify the needed clinical information and information flow to support LTC Registered Nurses (RNs) in care collaboration and clinical decision making. METHODS:  This descriptive qualitative study combines direct observations and semistructured interviews, conducted at Alberta's LTC facilities between May 2014 and August 2015...
April 2018: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719278/clinical-and-electrocorticographic-response-to-antiepileptic-drugs-in-patients-treated-with-responsive-stimulation
#16
Tara L Skarpaas, Thomas K Tcheng, Martha J Morrell
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore whether chronic electrocorticographic (ECoG) data recorded by a responsive neurostimulation system could be used to assess clinical responses to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). METHODS: Antiepileptic drugs initiated and maintained for ≥3 months by patients participating in clinical trials of the RNS® System were identified. Such "AED Starts" that produced an additional ≥50% reduction in patient-reported clinical seizure frequency were categorized as clinically beneficial, and the remaining as not beneficial...
April 29, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718521/associate-degree-in-nursing-to-bachelor-of-science-in-nursing-graduates-education-and-their-perceived-ability-to-keep-patients-safe
#17
Allison Brandt Anbari, Amy Vogelsmeier
BACKGROUND: Associate Degree in Nursing (ADN)-to-Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) programs are designed to advance the ADN-prepared RNs' clinical reasoning and analytical skills. However, little is known about exactly how their BSN education may improve their clinical practice, specifically in the area of patient safety. METHOD: During semi-structured one-to-one interviews, ADN-to-BSN graduates were asked about their educational process and the perceived affect their education made on their ability to keep patients safe...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714737/residue-number-system-arithmetic-based-on-integrated-nanophotonics
#18
Jiaxin Peng, Shuai Sun, Vikram K Narayana, Volker J Sorger, Tarek El-Ghazawi
The residue number system (RNS) enables dimensionality reduction of an arithmetic problem by representing a large number as a set of smaller integers, where the number is decomposed by prime number factorization. These reduced problem sets can then be processed independently and in parallel, thus improving computational efficiency and speed. Here, we show an optical RNS hardware representation based on integrated nanophotonics. The digit-wise shifting in RNS arithmetic is expressed as spatial routing of an optical signal in 2×2 hybrid photonic-plasmonic switches...
May 1, 2018: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706152/health-care-system-leaders-perspectives-on-infection-preventionist-and-registered-nurse-engagement-in-antibiotic-stewardship
#19
Mary Lou Manning, Monika Pogorzelska-Maziarz
BACKGROUND: Infection preventionists (IPs) and registered nurses (RNs) have an important role to play in antibiotic stewardship programs (ASPs). Recent articles highlight their potential roles in practice, research, education, and policy; however, little is known about their actual ASP engagement. Leaders often have early knowledge of emerging trends and evolving health care worker roles. METHODS: A survey was developed using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Core Elements of Hospital Antibiotic Stewardship Programs to assess health care system infection prevention and control leaders' perceptions of IP and RN engagement in hospital ASPs...
May 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701865/factors-influencing-registered-nurses-perceptions-of-their-professional-identity-an-integrative-literature-review
#20
Philippa Rasmussen, Ann Henderson, Nicky Andrew, Tiffany Conroy
BACKGROUND: This review synthesizes contemporary research investigating the factors influencing RNs' perceptions of their professional identity. METHOD: The method used was an integrative literature review. RESULTS: Factors influencing RNs' perceptions of their professional identity were synthesized into three categories: the self, the role, and the context. The self is the nurse who enacts the role in practice, and the context is the practice setting...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
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