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clinical otolaryngology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819362/recurrent-csf-rhinorrhea-misdiagnosed-as-chronic-allergic-rhinitis-with-subsequent-development-of-bacterial-meningitis
#1
Michael T Ulrich, Lawrence K Loo, Michael B Ing
INTRODUCTION: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea results from an abnormal communication of the dura mater to the nasal mucosa. The majority of cases of CSF rhinorrhea are the result of trauma or surgery involving the skull base. Spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea is a rare clinical entity with increased risk of ascending infection. Delay in diagnosis places the patient at risk of developing meningitis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 36-year-old African American female with significant medical history of obesity and hypertension presented to the emergency department with headache, altered level of consciousness, fever, and neck stiffness...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817750/the-surgeon-on-service-model-for-timely-economically-viable-inpatient-care-of-tracheostomy-patients-in-academic-pediatric-otolaryngology
#2
Jennifer M Lavin, James W Schroeder, Dana M Thompson
Importance: The traditional practice model for pediatric otolaryngologists at high-volume academic centers is to simultaneously balance outpatient care responsibilities with those of the inpatient service, emergency department, and ambulatory care clinics. This model leads to challenges with care coordination, timeliness of nonemergency operative care, and consistent participation in care and consultation at the attending surgeon level. The "surgeon on service" (SOS) model-where faculty members rotate to manage the inpatient service in lieu of outpatient responsibilities-has been described as one method to address this conundrum...
August 17, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815608/factors-associated-with-patient-no-show-rates-in-an-academic-otolaryngology-practice
#3
Caitlin E Fiorillo, Allyson L Hughes, Chen I-Chen, Philip M Westgate, Thomas J Gal, Matthew L Bush, Brett T Comer
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Factors affecting access to healthcare is an expanding area of research. This study seeks to identify factors associated with no-show rates in an academic otolaryngology practice to improve clinical efficiency and patient access to care. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. METHODS: A retrospective review of scheduled clinical appointments from February 1, 2015 to January 30, 2016 at a single academic otolaryngology department was performed...
August 16, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802373/clinical-curative-effect-and-safety-of-balloon-sinuplasty-in-children-with-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#4
Jia Liu, Zigai Zhao, Yang Chen, Bin Xu, Jiren Dai, Yong Fu
OBJECTIVE: Balloon Sinuplasty for the management of paranasal sinus inflammatory diseases was introduced in otolaryngology in 2005. Over the past decade, evidence strongly supports its safety and efficacy for the treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) in adults. Because it requires no bone or tissue removal, this procedure could be suitable in children. We present our initial experience of its use for the treatment of CRS in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was performed of 30 children with failed medical therapy, who were scheduled for surgery...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796081/the-seasonal-variation-of-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#5
Sheneen Meghji, Declan Murphy, Ian Nunney, John S Phillips
OBJECTIVE: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is characterized by recurrent episodes of positional vertigo due to dislodged otoconia debris within the semicircular canals. Many studies have proposed a correlation between Vitamin-D deficiency and recurrent BPPV. In the UK, serum Vitamin-D falls during the winter, reaching its lowest level in May and it is highest level in September. We hypothesize that if there is a relationship between BPPV and Vitamin-D levels, one would expect to see a seasonal variation in the incidence of BPPV among UK residents...
August 8, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782193/resident-responses-to-after-hours-otolaryngology-patient-phone-calls-an-overlooked-aspect-of-residency-training
#6
Ashton E Lehmann, Elliott D Kozin, Rosh K V Sethi, Kevin Wong, Brian M Lin, Stacey T Gray, Michael J Cunningham
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Otolaryngology residents are often responsible for triaging after-hours patient calls. However, residents receive little training on this topic. Data are limited on the clinical content, reporting, and management of otolaryngology patient calls. This study aimed to characterize the patient concerns residents handle by phone and their subsequent management and reporting. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. METHODS: Five hundred consecutive after-hours patient calls in a tertiary pediatric hospital were reviewed...
August 7, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780314/a-high-definition-video-teaching-module-for-thyroidectomy-surgery
#7
Amr F Hamour, Adrian I Mendez, Jeffrey R Harris, Vincent L Biron, Hadi Seikaly, David W J Côté
OBJECTIVE: With the changing landscape of postgraduate surgical education to competency-based curricula, there emerges a need for alternative forms of training. Video teaching modules have been shown to be effective tools in surgical education, complementing traditional postgraduate curricula. There is a lack of validated modules described in the literature, specifically for teaching thyroidectomy. The primary objective of this study was to develop and validate a high definition video-based teaching module instructing thyroidectomy surgery to Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery trainees...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770282/-diagnostic-criteria-for-meni%C3%A3-re-s-disease-according-to-the-classification-committee-of-the-b%C3%A3-r%C3%A3-ny-society
#8
REVIEW
J A Lopez-Escamez, J Carey, W-H Chung, J A Goebel, M Magnusson, M Mandalà, D E Newman-Toker, M Strupp, M Suzuki, F Trabalzini, A Bisdorff
This paper presents diagnostic criteria for Menière's disease jointly formulated by the Classification Committee of the Bárány Society, The Japan Society for Equilibrium Research, the European Academy of Otology and Neurotology (EAONO), the Equilibrium Committee of the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) and the Korean Balance Society. The classification includes two categories: definite Menière's disease and probable Menière's disease. The diagnosis of definite Menière's disease is based on clinical criteria and requires the observation of an episodic vertigo syndrome associated with low- to medium-frequency sensorineural hearing loss and fluctuating aural symptoms (hearing, tinnitus and/or fullness) in the affected ear...
August 2, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751302/smartphone-based-endoscope-system-for-advanced-point-of-care-diagnostics-feasibility-study
#9
Jung Kweon Bae, Andrey Vavilin, Joon S You, Hyeongeun Kim, Seon Young Ryu, Jeong Hun Jang, Woonggyu Jung
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic technique is often applied for the diagnosis of diseases affecting internal organs and image-guidance of surgical procedures. Although the endoscope has become an indispensable tool in the clinic, its utility has been limited to medical offices or operating rooms because of the large size of its ancillary devices. In addition, the basic design and imaging capability of the system have remained relatively unchanged for decades. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop a smartphone-based endoscope system capable of advanced endoscopic functionalities in a compact size and at an affordable cost and to demonstrate its feasibility of point-of-care through human subject imaging...
July 27, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748259/primary-nasopharyngeal-polyps-a-case-series-on-a-rare-clinical-entity
#10
De Hua Chen, Mu Qiong Mo, Chew Lip Ng, Zhi Bin Lin, Tian Ying Li, Wei Ping Wen, Chun Wei Li
Primary non-neoplastic polyps originating from the nasopharynx have not been reported in the English language literature. We present the clinical and histopathological features of three primary nasopharyngeal polyps. Clinical data of three patients with primary nasopharyngeal polyps treated at the Department of Otolaryngology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University between 2005 and 2015 were analyzed and presented. Three male patients from 45 to 63 years presented with nasopharyngeal masses...
July 26, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741408/appropriateness-of-tympanostomy-tubes-in-the-boston-metropolitan-area-are-the-aao-hnsf-guidelines-being-met
#11
Amy L Hughes, David Roberson, Cassandra Bannos, Emily K Trudell, Louis Vernacchio
Introduction Otitis media (OM) is the most common reason children receive general anesthesia, with bilateral tympanostomy tube (TT) insertion the second most common surgery in children. Prior research suggests overuse of TT. As part of a project designed to improve appropriateness of OM referrals, we evaluated appropriateness of TT insertion in a patient cohort. Methods Patients younger than 9 years with initial otolaryngology (ORL) visits in academic and private office settings for OM from January 1, 2012, to August 31, 2013, were identified through claims database...
July 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739067/the-unique-role-of-the-pediatric-clinical-research-nurse-in-anesthesia-an-interdisciplinary-collaboration
#12
Christine Dube, Vanessa Young, Michelle Anderson, Brenda Barton, Izabela Leahy
This article describes the distinctive function of the pediatric clinical research nurse (CRN) in the anesthesia setting. The pediatric CRN in anesthesia acts as a liaison between families and the research team and is the major nexus between the principal investigator or anesthesiologist on a study, and the collaborating surgeons from many different departments. This is unique because the CRNs collaborate with physicians in specialties that can include plastics, urology, neurosurgery, orthopaedics, otolaryngology, cardiology, critical care, and many other departments...
August 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719039/differences-in-clinical-characteristics-and-prognosis-of-sudden-low-and-high-frequency-hearing-loss
#13
Oak-Sung Choo, Suk Min Yang, Hun Yi Park, Jong Bin Lee, Jeong Hun Jang, Seong Jun Choi, Yun-Hoon Choung
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: We compared the clinical characteristics between acute low- and high-frequency hearing loss (LF and HF, respectively) patients, and the efficacy of three different treatment protocols (systemic steroids, intratympanic steroid injection, and combination therapy). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized controlled study. METHODS: A total of 111 patients diagnosed with LF or HF were treated on an outpatient basis. Each group was randomly divided into three equal subgroups based on therapy: oral steroid, intratympanic dexamethasone injection (IT), and combination therapy...
August 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713697/safe-implementation-of-retroauricular-robotic-and-endoscopic-neck-surgery-in-south-america
#14
REVIEW
Renan Bezerra Lira, Thiago Celestino Chulam, Luiz Paulo Kowalski
In the last three decades, otolaryngology and head and neck oncological surgery have shown remarkable progress with the development of several modalities of endoscopic-assisted minimally invasive surgeries. More recently, the Da Vinci robotic surgery system has promoted the development of several surgical approaches with less morbidity and better cosmetic results, including the transaxillary and retroauricular approaches for thyroid surgery and neck dissections. In South America, there are several shortcomings regarding financial resources as well as the lack of support for innovation leading to a significant delay in adoption of numerous technological advances in medical practice...
June 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704892/is-electrocochleography-still-helpful-in-early-diagnosis-of-meniere-disease
#15
Fulvio Mammarella, Melissa Zelli, Theodoros Varakliotis, Alberto Eibenstein, Claudio Maria Pianura, Gianluca Bellocchi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Despite the extensive research for the Meniere's disease (MD), it's pathophysiology still remains uncertain and questionable among scientists. Clinical symptoms and audiometric tests form the basis for the diagnosis. Nevertheless the differential diagnosis can be extremely challenging, due to subjective and not specific results. Incorrect diagnosis is most likely and for this reason there is a great demand for objective and reliable tests. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The presence of endolymphatic hydrops is necessary condition but non enough for the diagnosis...
July 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695972/the-incidence-of-postoperative-pneumonia-in-various-surgical-subspecialties-a-dual-database-analysis
#16
Morad Chughtai, Chukwuweike U Gwam, Anton Khlopas, Jared M Newman, Gannon L Curtis, Pedro A Torres, Rafay Khan, Michael A Mont
INTRODUCTION: Pneumonia is the third most common postoperative complication. However, its epidemiology varies widely and is often difficult to assess. For a better understanding, we utilized two national databases to determine the incidence of postoperative pneumonia after various surgical procedures. Specifically, we used the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) and the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) to determine the incidence and yearly trends of postoperative pneumonia following orthopaedic, urologic, otorhinolaryngologic, cardiothoracic, neurosurgery, and general surgeries...
July 25, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695788/adherence-to-clinical-practice-guidelines
#17
Marisa A Ryan
Clinical practice guidelines are designed to synthesize and disseminate the best available evidence to guide clinical practice. The goal is to increase high-quality care and reduce inappropriate interventions. Clinical practice guidelines that systematically review evidence and synthesize it into recommendations are important because the available scientific evidence is normally neither rapidly nor broadly incorporated into practice. It is important to understand and improve the impact of our American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation clinical practice guidelines on this uptake of scientific knowledge...
July 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693609/otolaryngology-exposure-in-a-longitudinal-integrated-clerkship-setting
#18
Grace Margaret Scott, Corliss Ann Elizabeth Best, Damian Christopher Micomonaco
BACKGROUND: Although 20-40% of primary care complaints are Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (OtoHNS) related, little emphasis is placed on OtoHNS instruction at the undergraduate medical education level. An OtoHNS clerkship rotation is not required at most Canadian medical schools. Furthermore, at institutions offering an OtoHNS rotation, less than 20% of students are able to complete a placement. Given that a large percentage of medical students in Canada will pursue primary care as a career, there remains a gap in providing OtoHNS clinical training...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688570/congenital-nasal-obstruction-in-infants-a-retrospective-study-and-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Vijay A Patel, Michele M Carr
OBJECTIVES: To identify etiologies of congenital nasal obstruction and describe clinical practice patterns in the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of symptomatic infants. METHODS: An electronic chart review from 1/1/2006-10/1/2016 for all patients with a diagnosis of nasal obstruction within the first six months of life using ICD-9 and 10 codes 478.19 and J34.89. RESULTS: A total of 34 patients were evaluated by the Division of Otolaryngology for this chief complaint...
August 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688562/decisional-regret-following-ventilation-tube-insertion
#20
Michele M Carr, Jillian Printz, Shreya Thakur
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to see if parental regret following ventilation tube (VT) insertion was related to non-resolution of ear infections and thus ongoing need for otolaryngological care and VT reinsertion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All consecutive parents presenting with children who had VT in place were given a validated regret survey and asked the reason for their visit. Chart review was used for medical history. RESULTS: Two hundred and ten respondents were included...
August 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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