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clinical otolaryngology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656762/clinical-guideline-on-bone-conduction-implants
#1
María José Lavilla Martín de Valmaseda, Laura Cavalle Garrido, Alicia Huarte Irujo, Faustino Núñez Batalla, Manuel Manrique Rodriguez, Ángel Ramos Macías, Carlos de Paula Vernetta, Elisa Gil-Carcedo Sañudo, Luis Lassaleta, Isabel Sánchez-Cuadrado, Juan Manuel Espinosa Sánchez, Ángel Batuecas Caletrio, Carlos Cenjor Español
INTRODUCTION AND GOALS: During the last decade there have been multiple and relevant advances in conduction and mixed hearing loss treatment. These advances and the appearance of new devices have extended the indications for bone-conduction implants. The Scientific Committee of Audiology of the Sociedad Española de Otorrinolaringología y Cirugía de Cabeza y Cuello SEORL-CCC (Spanish Society of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery), together with the Otology and Otoneurology Committees, have undertaken a review of the current state of bone-conduction devices with updated information, to provide a clinical guideline on bone-conduction implants for otorhinolaryngology specialists, health professionals, health authorities and society in general...
April 13, 2018: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656528/the-role-of-scalpel-bougie-cricothyroidotomy-in-managing-emergency-front-of-neck-airway-access-a-review-and-technical-update-for-ent-surgeons
#2
N D McNiven, J P Pracy, B A McGrath, A K Robson
In October 2016 an editorial was published jointly in Clinical Otolaryngology and the British Journal of Anaesthesia concerning the appropriate management of the difficult airway in a situation of 'Can't Intubate Can't Oxygenate' (CICO).1 It highlighted the importance of joint working between surgeons and anaesthetists and also made a case for the wider use of the scalpel-bougie cricothyroidotomy technique in securing a Front of Neck Airway (FONA), especially in an emergency. This article is protected by copyright...
April 15, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628155/-vocal-cord-paralysis-after-endotracheal-intubation-an-uncommon-complication-of-general-anesthesia
#3
Claudia Hurtado Nazal, Andrea Araneda Vilches, Carolina Vergara Marín, Karen García Contreras, Carla Napolitano Valenzuela, Pedro Badía Ventí
BACKGROUND: General anesthesia is a safe, frequent procedure in clinical practice. Although it is very unusual in procedures not related to head and or neck surgery, vocal cord paralysis is a serious and important complication. Incidence has been associated with patient age and comorbidities, as well as the position of the endotracheal tube and cuff. It can become a dangerous scenario because it predisposes aspiration. OBJECTIVES: To present a case and analyze the risk factors associated with increased risk of vocal cord paralysis described in the literature...
April 5, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605865/intratympanic-steroid-use-for-idiopathic-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-current-otolaryngology-practice-in-germany-and-austria
#4
L Sutton, V Schartinger, C Url, J Schmutzhard, D Lechner, C Kavasogullari, J S Sandhu, A Shaida, R Laszig, J Loehler, S Plontke, H Riechelmann, M Lechner
AIMS: The frequency of the use of intratympanic steroids (ITS) as a treatment for idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL) in Europe is still unknown and remains a contentious issue amongst otolaryngologists. We undertook a survey of otolaryngologists in Germany and Austria to establish if there is any professional consensus with which to form a protocol for its use. METHODS: A survey of 21 questions was distributed electronically to otolaryngologists in Germany and Austria and data on demographics, indications for intratympanic treatment, procedure, follow-up, and outcomes were analysed...
May 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605347/diagnosis-and-management-of-pediatric-sinusitis-a-survey-of-primary-care-otolaryngology-and-urgent-care-providers
#5
Laurie Newton, Amanda Kotowski, Melissa Grinker, Robert Chun
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this project were two-fold: 1) To assess pediatric primary care (PCP), pediatric otolaryngology (ENT) and pediatric urgent care (UC) providers' perception of their adherence to the 2013 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) established guidelines for the diagnosis and management of acute bacterial rhinosinusitis (ABRS) in children 1-18 years old and 2) to assess the same providers' practice patterns in the diagnosis and management of pediatric chronic rhinosinusitis (PCRS)...
May 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598832/guideline-on-cochlear-implants
#6
Manuel Manrique, Ángel Ramos, Carlos de Paula Vernetta, Elisa Gil-Carcedo, Luis Lassaleta, Isabel Sanchez-Cuadrado, Juan Manuel Espinosa, Ángel Batuecas, Carlos Cenjor, María José Lavilla, Faustino Núñez, Laura Cavalle, Alicia Huarte
INTRODUCTION: In the last decade numerous hospitals have started to work with patients who are candidates for a cochlear implant (CI) and there have been numerous and relevant advances in the treatment of sensorineural hearing loss that extended the indications for cochlear implants. OBJECTIVES: To provide a guideline on cochlear implants to specialists in otorhinolaryngology, other medical specialities, health authorities and society in general. METHODS: The Scientific Committees of Otology, Otoneurology and Audiology from the Spanish Society of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery (SEORL-CCC), in a coordinated and agreed way, performed a review of the current state of CI based on the existing regulations and in the scientific publications referenced in the bibliography of the document drafted...
March 26, 2018: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594918/squamous-cell-papillomatosis-in-the-setting-of-recurrent-respiratory-papillomatosis
#7
Pasha L Bentley, Michael J Coulter, Brenda L Nelson
A 23 year old male presented to the Otolaryngology clinic with 6 months of hoarseness and poor voice projection without improvement from speech therapy or medical anti-reflux medication. Upon examination he was found to have multiple polypoid lesions emanating from bilateral false vocal folds, left true vocal fold, and the anterior commissure. Biopsy and potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP) laser ablation with bevacizumab injection provided treatment and confirmed the clinical suspicion of squamous cell papilloma...
March 28, 2018: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29586931/role-of-consumers-in-guideline-development-process
#8
Samantha Anne, Richard Rosenfeld
Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) inform patient care by providing recommendations based on a thorough examination of risks and benefits of medical care or intervention. With the ever-increasing importance placed on shared decision making, and because of the valuable perspective on patient-related topics and patient-centered outcomes, consumers of health care have been incorporated in the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation CPG development process. Consumers bring a unique perspective and add transparency to the guideline development process...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569499/topically-administered-hyaluronic-acid-in-the-upper-airway-a-narrative-review
#9
Lorenzo Pignataro, Paola Marchisio, Tullio Ibba, Sara Torretta
Hyaluronic acid plays a role in controlling inflammatory airway processes and mucociliary clearance, and it is also involved in tissue healing and remodelling. Some studies have tested the effectiveness of topically administered hyaluronic acid in patients with upper airway diseases with positive preliminary results. This article describes the use of topically administered hyaluronic acid in patients with otolaryngological disorders. Pertinent studies published between January 2000 and October 2016 were selected by means of a MEDLINE search using the following terms: 'hyaluronic acid' and 'otolaryngology', 'otitis', 'pharyngitis', 'tonsillitis', 'rhinitis', 'rhinosinusitis' and 'nose'...
January 2018: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558242/american-academy-of-otolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-foundation-clinical-practice-guideline-development-process
#10
James C Denneny, Jean Brereton, Lisa Satterfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557283/minimum-reporting-standards-for-adult-cochlear-implantation
#11
Oliver F Adunka, Bruce J Gantz, Camille Dunn, Richard K Gurgel, Craig A Buchman
This article outlines new minimum standards for reporting adult cochlear implant outcomes. These standards have been endorsed by the Implantable Hearing Devices Committee and the Hearing Committee of the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. The lack of a standardized method for reporting outcomes following cochlear implantation in clinical trials has hampered the ability of investigators to draw comparisons across studies. Variability in data reported in articles and presentation formats inhibits meta-analyses, making it impossible to accumulate the large patient cohorts needed for statistically significant inference...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557262/improved-comorbidity-capture-using-a-standardized-1-step-quality-improvement-documentation-tool
#12
Robert J Morrison, Kelly M Malloy, Rishi R Bakshi
Objective To assess the impact of implementation of a "1-step" documentation query system on comorbidity capture and quality outcomes within the Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. Methods Implementation of the 1-step documentation query system was instituted for all otolaryngology-head and neck surgery faculty at a single institution. Individual query responses and impact metrics were analyzed. Departmental case-mix index (CMI), risk of mortality (ROM), and severity of illness (SOI) were collated over a 14-month implementation period and compared to a 12-month preimplementation period...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550295/an-expanded-framework-to-define-and-measure-shared-decision-making-in-dialogue-a-top-down-and-bottom-up-approach
#13
Wynne Callon, Mary Catherine Beach, Anne R Links, Carly Wasserman, Emily F Boss
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to develop a comprehensive, descriptive framework to measure shared decision making (SDM) in clinical encounters. METHODS: We combined a top-down (theoretical) approach with a bottom-up approach based on audio-recorded dialogue to identify all communication processes related to decision making. We coded 55 pediatric otolaryngology visits using the framework and report interrater reliability. RESULTS: We identified 14 clinician behaviors and 5 patient behaviors that have not been previously described, and developed a new SDM framework that is descriptive (what does happen) rather than normative (what should happen)...
March 11, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543971/association-between-age-and-weight-as-risk-factors-for-complication-after-tonsillectomy-in-healthy-children
#14
Claire M Lawlor, Charles A Riley, John M Carter, Kimsey H Rodriguez
Importance: The 1996 Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy Inpatient Guidelines of the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) Pediatric Otolaryngology Committee recommended that children younger than 3 years be admitted following tonsillectomy. Recommendations for hospital observation were not included as a key action statement in the 2011 AAO-HNS Clinical Practice Guidelines for Tonsillectomy in Children. Objective: To examine the association between posttonsillectomy complication rate and the age and weight of the child at the time of surgery...
March 15, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536253/simultaneous-treatment-of-intracranial-complications-of-paranasal-sinusitis
#15
Witold Szyfter, Anna Bartochowska, Łukasz Borucki, Adrian Maciejewski, Aleksandra Kruk-Zagajewska
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to analyse 51 patients with intracranial complications of sinusitis treated in the Department of Otolaryngology and Laryngeal Oncology at Poznań University of Medical Sciences from 1964 to 2016. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Males made up a significant portion of study participants at 70.5%. Treatment included simultaneous removal of inflammatory focal points in the paranasal sinuses and drainage of cerebral and epidural abscesses and subdural empyemas under the control of neuronavigation preceded by the implementation of broad-spectrum antibiotics continuously for 4 weeks...
March 13, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533698/evidence-based-medicine-in-otolaryngology-part-8-shared-decision-making-impact-incentives-and-instruments
#16
Allison K Ikeda, Paul Hong, Stacey L Ishman, Stephanie A Joe, Gregory W Randolph, Jennifer J Shin
In our previous installment, we introduced shared decision making (SDM) as a collaborative process in which patients, families, and clinicians develop a mutually optimized treatment plan when more than 1 reasonable treatment option exists. In this subsequent installment of our Evidence-Based Medicine in Otolaryngology Series, we expand on the topic of SDM, including the related current state of clinical decision making, the impact of SDM on health care utilization and patient satisfaction, the potential role of system and society changes, the experience with SDM as it relates to race and ethnicity, existing financial incentives, and the validated instruments that assess the extent to which SDM occurs...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533322/maximizing-operational-efficiency-using-an-in-house-ambulatory-surgery-model-at-an-academic-medical-center
#17
Samantha Tayne, Christian A Merrill, Rajeev C Saxena, Caitlin King, Karthik Devarajan, Stefan Ianchulev, Jon Chilingerian
Given the rising costs of healthcare delivery and reimbursement constraints, large academic medical centers (AMCs) must improve efficiency while delivering high-quality care. With standardized cases and high volumes, ambulatory surgery is a high-value target for efficiency improvement. Mining a data set of more than 7,500 cases consisting of the three highest-volume ambulatory procedures in orthopedics, otolaryngology-head and neck surgery, and urology, we analyzed process times and wait times involved in patient flow...
March 2018: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530430/detection-of-gsk-3%C3%AE-activation-index-in-pediatric-chronic-tonsillitis-is-an-indicator-for-chronic-recurrent-inflammation
#18
Yunfei Gao, Jiaoping Mi, Fenghong Chen, Zhenpeng Liao, Xiaoshan Feng, Minghui Lv, Haixin He, Yujie Cao, Yan Yan, Zhe Zhu, Yunping Fan, Haiyu Hong
PURPOSE: Chronic tonsillitis (TC) is among the most common bacterial diseases in pediatric otolaryngology. We aimed to evaluate the expression of glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK-3β) in a cohort of children with chronic tonsillitis (TC), and the correlation between GSK-3β activity index and inflammatory profiles of TC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of GSK-3β was comparably evaluated between children with TC (n = 26) and tonsillar hypertrophy (TH, n = 26)...
March 3, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524971/analysis-of-evidence-within-the-aua-s-clinical-practice-guidelines
#19
Samuel G Antoine, Alexander C Small, James M McKiernan, Ojas Shah
INTRODUCTION: Surgical subspecialty societies release clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) to provide topic-specific recommendations to healthcare providers. We hypothesize that there may be significant differences in statement strength and evidence quality both within the American Urological Association (AUA) guidelines and compared to those published by the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) and American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: CPGs issued through 2017 were extracted from the AUAnet...
February 2018: Canadian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519134/high-density-otologic-camps-in-regions-of-sparse-expertise
#20
Bizuayehu Girma, Asnake Bitew, Nega Kiros, Miriam Redleaf
Aims/Purpose: When 2 models of otologic surgery instruction in Ethiopia are compared, high-density otologic surgery campaigns are more effective for accelerated skills transfer in areas of sparse expertise than the standard outpatient clinic/OR model. METHODS: A continuously operating otolaryngology/head and neck surgery department in a large public hospital is compared with a nonprofit specialty hospital where outpatients are selected for weeklong surgical campaigns. The number and variety of otologic visits and operations in each setting, presence of expert supervision, and resident-trainees' surgical progress were tallied...
March 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
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