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VR, massed, distributed, motor

Steven Arild Wuyts Andersen, Lars Konge, Per Cayé-Thomasen, Mads Sølvsten Sørensen
IMPORTANCE: The ultimate goal of surgical training is consolidated skills with a consistently high performance. However, surgical skills are heterogeneously retained and depend on a variety of factors, including the task, cognitive demands, and organization of practice. Virtual reality (VR) simulation is increasingly being used in surgical skills training, including temporal bone surgery, but there is a gap in knowledge on the retention of mastoidectomy skills after VR simulation training...
July 1, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Daniel M Sinitsky, Bimbi Fernando, Pasquale Berlingieri
BACKGROUND: The unique psychomotor skills required in laparoscopy result in reduced patient safety during the early part of the learning curve. Evidence suggests that these may be safely acquired in the virtual reality (VR) environment. Several VR simulators are available, each preloaded with several psychomotor skills tasks that provide users with computer-generated performance metrics. This review aimed to evaluate the usefulness of specific psychomotor skills tasks and metrics, and how trainers might build an effective training curriculum...
September 2012: American Journal of Surgery
Anthony G Gallagher, Julie Anne Jordan-Black, Gerald C O'Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic skills are difficult to learn. We, therefore, assessed the factors involved in skill acquisition, maintenance, and loss in 2 prospective, randomized studies. METHODS: In study 1, 24 laparoscopic novices were randomly assigned to a control condition who performed the laparoscopic assessment task; Massed condition who trained on virtual reality (VR) simulation during 1 day or Interval condition who had the same amount of VR training distributed over 3 consecutive days...
August 2012: Annals of Surgery
S Mackay, P Morgan, V Datta, A Chang, A Darzi
BACKGROUND: "Massed" and "distributed" practice are important concepts in the acquisition of fine motor skills, and may be important in training in procedural skills. METHODS: A total of 41 novice subjects were recruited and randomized to three groups to receive training on the MIST VR surgical trainer. There were 14 subjects in each of groups A and B and 13 subjects in group C. Training comprised 20 min of massed practice for group A, 20 min of distributed practice in 5 min blocks for group B, and 15 min of distributed practice in 5-min blocks for group C...
June 2002: Surgical Endoscopy
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