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Constantin Cretu, Jana Schmitzová, Almudena Ponce-Salvatierra, Olexandr Dybkov, Evelina I De Laurentiis, Kundan Sharma, Cindy L Will, Henning Urlaub, Reinhard Lührmann, Vladimir Pena
SF3b is a heptameric protein complex of the U2 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (snRNP) that is essential for pre-mRNA splicing. Mutations in the largest SF3b subunit, SF3B1/SF3b155, are linked to cancer and lead to alternative branch site (BS) selection. Here we report the crystal structure of a human SF3b core complex, revealing how the distinctive conformation of SF3b155's HEAT domain is maintained by multiple contacts with SF3b130, SF3b10, and SF3b14b. Protein-protein crosslinking enabled the localization of the BS-binding proteins p14 and U2AF65 within SF3b155's HEAT-repeat superhelix, which together with SF3b14b forms a composite RNA-binding platform...
October 20, 2016: Molecular Cell
Ramachandran Rakesh, Agnel Praveen Joseph, Ramachandra M Bhaskara, Narayanaswamy Srinivasan
Pre-mRNA splicing in eukaryotes is performed by the spliceosome, a highly complex macromolecular machine. SF3b is a multi-protein complex which recognizes the branch point adenosine of pre-mRNA as part of a larger U2 snRNP or U11/U12 di-snRNP in the dynamic spliceosome machinery. Although a cryo-EM map is available for human SF3b complex, the structure and relative spatial arrangement of all components in the complex are not yet known. We have recognized folds of domains in various proteins in the assembly and generated comparative models...
October 2, 2016: RNA Biology
Theresa Manful, Marina Cristodero, Christine Clayton
The 5'-ends of all Kinetoplastid mRNAs consist of a short sequence added by trans splicing. In contrast to cis splicing in mammals, trans splicing in trypanosomes does not involve sequence-specific recognition of the branch point by the U2 snRNP. In mammalian cells and yeast, U2 snRNP is associated with the multimeric factor SF3b, which contains p14, SF3b10, SF3b14b, SAP49, SAP130, SAP145 and SAP155. The interaction between Trypanosoma cruzi p14 and SAP155 has already been characterised using the yeast 2-hybrid system...
August 2009: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology
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