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follow up of high risk neonates

K Wegleiter, M Waltner-Romen, R Trawoeger, U Kiechl-Kohlendorfer, E Griesmaier
Fetal angiotensin II receptor antagonist exposure is associated with major complications and even death when administered during pregnancy. Neonates frequently require intensive care treatment, and mortality is high. Despite this well-known risk potential, a considerable number of women still receive angiotensin II receptor antagonists during pregnancy to treat arterial hypertension. Although clinical symptoms in the neonatal period are well described, few reports address long-term follow-up after fetal exposure to angiotensin II receptor antagonists...
2018: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Dipak K Mitra, Luke C Mullany, Meagan Harrison, Ishtiaq Mannan, Rashed Shah, Nazma Begum, Mamun Ibne Moin, Shams El Arifeen, Abdullah H Baqui
BACKGROUND: Infections cause about one fifth of the estimated 2.7 million annual neonatal deaths worldwide. Population-based data on burden and risk factors of neonatal infections are lacking in developing countries, which are required for the appropriate design of effective preventive and therapeutic interventions in resource-poor settings. METHODS: We used data from a community-based cluster-randomized trial conducted to evaluate the impact of two umbilical cord cleansing regimens with chlorhexidine solution on neonatal mortality and morbidity in a rural area of Sylhet District in Bangladesh...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Stiljan Hoxha, Riccardo Giuseppe Abbasciano, Camilla Sandrini, Lucia Rossetti, Tiziano Menon, Luca Barozzi, Daniele Linardi, Alessio Rungatscher, Giuseppe Faggian, Giovanni Battista Luciani
Aortic arch repair in newborns and infants has traditionally been accomplished using a period of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. To reduce neurologic and cardiac dysfunction related to circulatory arrest and myocardial ischemia during complex aortic arch surgery, an alternative and novel strategy for cerebro-myocardial protection was recently developed, where regional low-flow perfusion is combined with controlled and independent coronary perfusion. The aim of the present retrospective study was to assess short-term and mid-term results of selective and independent cerebro-myocardial perfusion in neonatal aortic arch surgery...
March 6, 2018: Artificial Organs
Graham R Serjeant, Nicki Chin, Monika R Asnani, Beryl E Serjeant, Karlene P Mason, Ian R Hambleton, Jennifer M Knight-Madden
Globally, the majority of persons born with sickle cell disease do not have access to hydroxyurea or more expensive interventions. The objectives were to estimate the survival in homozygous sickle cell disease, unbiased by symptomatic selection and to ascertain the causes of death in a pre-hydroxyurea population. The utility of early life biomarkers and genetically determined phenotypes to predict survival was assessed. A cohort study based on neonatal diagnosis was undertaken at the Sickle Cell Unit, a specialist clinic delivering care to persons with sickle cell disease in Jamaica...
2018: PloS One
Robrecht J H Logjes, Maartje Haasnoot, Petra M A Lemmers, Mike F A Nicolaije, Marie-José H van den Boogaard, Aebele B Mink van der Molen, Corstiaan C Breugem
Although Robin sequence (RS) is a well-known phenomenon, it is still associated with considerable morbidity and even mortality. The purposes of this study were to gain greater insight into the mortality rate and identify risk factors associated with mortality in RS. We retrospectively reviewed all RS infants followed at the Wilhelmina Children's Hospital from 1995 to 2016. Outcome measurements were death and causes of death. The authors identified 103 consecutive RS infants with a median follow-up of 8.6 years (range 0...
February 28, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Michael L O'Byrne, Kevin F Kennedy, Joshua P Kanter, John T Berger, Andrew C Glatz
BACKGROUND: Cardiac catheterization is the gold standard for assessment and follow-up of patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH). To date, there are limited data about the factors that influence the risk of catastrophic adverse events after catheterization in this population. METHODS AND RESULTS: A retrospective multicenter cohort study was performed to measure risk of catastrophic adverse outcomes after catheterization in children and young adults with PH and identify risk factors for these outcomes...
February 28, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
Nicholas R Zessis, Jennifer L Nicholas, Stephen I Stone
Bilateral adrenal hemorrhages rarely occur during the neonatal period and are often associated with traumatic vaginal deliveries. However, the adrenal gland has highly regenerative capabilities and adrenal insufficiency typically resolves over time. We evaluated a newborn female after experiencing fetal macrosomia and a traumatic vaginal delivery. She developed acidosis and acute renal injury. Large adrenal hemorrhages were noted bilaterally on ultrasound, and she was diagnosed with adrenal insufficiency based on characteristic electrolyte changes and a low cortisol (4...
2018: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
Luis C Ascanio, Georgios A Maragkos, Brett C Young, Myles D Boone, Ekkehard M Kasper
Stroke in pregnant women has a mortality rate of 1.4 deaths per 100,000 deliveries. Vascular malformations are the most common cause of hemorrhagic stroke in this population; preeclampsia and other risk factors have been identified. However, nearly a quarter of strokes have an undeterminable cause. Spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is less frequent but results in significant morbidity. The main objective of this study is to review the literature on pregnant patients who had a spontaneous ICH. A systematic review of the literature was conducted on PubMed and the Cochrane library from January 1992 to September 2016 following the PRISMA guidelines...
February 23, 2018: Neurocritical Care
Ali Çay, İbrahim Aydoğdu, Semih Lütfü Mirapoglu, Hüseyin Toprak
Neurenteric cyst is a very rare developmental anomaly. Prenatal diagnosis of mediastinal neurenteric cysts has been reported rarely. We present a case of neurenteric cyst associated with vertebral anomalies diagnosed by prenatal ultrasonography at 31 weeks of gestation, which was treated successfully in the early neonatal period. In addition, we searched the English literature for all cases of mediastinal neurenteric cyst diagnosed in the prenatal period reported to date. We found that only 17 cases were reported previously...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
Gabriella Comunián-Carrasco, Guiomar E Peña-Martí, Arturo J Martí-Carvajal
BACKGROUND: Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted infection that is caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and is a major public health challenge today. N gonorrhoeae can be transmitted from the mother's genital tract to the newborn during birth, and can cause gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum as well as systemic neonatal infections. It can also cause endometritis and pelvic sepsis in the mother. This review updates and replaces an earlier Cochrane Review on antibiotics for treating this infectious condition...
February 21, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Ismail Mohamed Elhawary, Eman Abdel Ghany Abdel Ghany, Walaa Alsharany Aboelhamed, Shahinaz Gamal Eldin Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: To determine the incidence and risk factors of post-phototherapy rebound hyperbilirubinemia because data about bilirubin rebound in neonates are lacking and few studies have concerned this condition. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted on 500 neonates with indirect hyperbilirubinemia who were treated according to standard guidelines. Total serum bilirubin (TSB) was measured at 24-36 h after phototherapy; significant bilirubin rebound (SBR) is considered as increasing TSB that needs reinstitution of phototherapy...
February 20, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
Christoph Beger, Andrea Merker, Rebekka Mumm, Ruth Gausche
Being born small for gestational age (SGA) in length is a sign of growth failure due to malnutrition in pregnancy or other serious disorders. In previous publications it was shown that SGA born neonates may experience a compensatory growth spurt (catch-up growth) in infancy and childhood (Olbertz et al. in press). The timing of this growth spurt, however, was not well described. We analyzed longitudinal data of 5,138 SGA infants and children, collected by licensed physicians in Germany and centrally stored in the Database Management System of CrescNet at the University of Leipzig...
February 20, 2018: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
S M Spoorthi, Siddappa F Dandinavar, Vinod H Ratageri, Prakash K Wari
The study was conducted on Full term neonates with birth weight > 2.5 kg born in KIMS, Hubballi with an objective to determine the first day Total Serum Bilirubin (TSB) value so as to predict subsequent development of significant hyperbilirubinemia in term neonates. All enrolled neonates were sampled for TSB and blood group on Day 1 at 20 ± 4 h and then followed up clinically by Kramer's rule and when the clinical jaundice by Kramer's rule was >10 mg/dl, TSB levels were repeated. A total of 180 newborns were enrolled for the study and 165 babies completed the study...
February 15, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Enrico Danzer, Casey Hoffman, Jo Ann D'Agostino, Matthew M Boelig, Marsha Gerdes, Judy C Bernbaum, Hannah Rosenthal, Lindsay N Waqar, Natalie E Rintoul, Lisa M Herkert, Michael J Kallan, William H Peranteau, Alan W Flake, N Scott Adzick, Holly L Hedrick
BACKGROUND: To evaluate neurodevelopmental outcome in high-risk congenital lung lesions (CLLs) survivors who underwent prenatal intervention or postnatal surgery within the first month of life. METHODS: Forty-five high-risk CLLs survivors underwent assessment using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development, 3rd Edition between 07/2004 and 12/2016. Scores were grouped as average, at-risk, and delayed based on standard deviation intervals. Correlations between outcome and risk factors were analyzed by Fisher's exact test or two-sided t-test as appropriate, with significant p-values <0...
February 10, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Jennifer M Brady, Nicole Pouppirt, Judy Bernbaum, Jo Ann D'Agostino, Marsha Gerdes, Casey Hoffman, Noah Cook, Hallam Hurt, Haresh Kirpalani, Sara B DeMauro
AIM: To assess in children with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia at a corrected age of 18-36 months: (i) Neonatal follow-up clinic attendance rates; (ii) Parent-identified reasons for difficulty attending neonatal follow-up. METHODS: Mixed methods study utilising semi-structured phone interviews with parents of infants eligible for follow-up with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (defined as gestational age <32 weeks and requiring ≥30% FiO2 and/or >2 L nasal cannula at 36 weeks post-menstrual age) at 18-36 months corrected age...
February 8, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
Emily M Bucholz, Lynn A Sleeper, Jane W Newburger
BACKGROUND: Children with single ventricle heart disease require frequent interventions and follow-up. Low socioeconomic status (SES) may limit access to high-quality care and place these children at risk for poor long-term outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data from the SVR (Pediatric Heart Network Single Ventricle Reconstruction Trial Public Use) data set were used to examine the relationship of US neighborhood SES with 30-day and 1-year mortality or cardiac transplantation and length of stay among neonates undergoing the Norwood procedure (n=525)...
February 2, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
Ilhan Bahri Delibas, Sema Tanriverdi, Bulent Cakmak
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether pregnant women who have reactive hypoglycemia during the 100 g oral glucose toler-ance test (OGTT) are at an increased risk of poor pregnancy outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed perinatal data from 413 women who underwent a 3 h OGTT at 24-28 weeks of gestation and gave birth in our clinics between January 2012 and December 2014. RESULTS: According to OGTT results, the majority of the subjects were normoglycemic (n = 316, 76...
2018: Ginekologia Polska
Bo Xia, Chun Hong, Jing Tang, Cuifen Liu, Gang Yu
RATIONALE: The occurrence of congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) and vascular ring (VR) is extremely rare. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present a case of left CCAM with VR consisting of a left aortic arch and right descending aorta with left tracheal compression causing atelectasis. DIAGNOSES: A high-risk male neonate with the diagnosis of left CCAM was diagnosed at 20 weeks gestational age by antenatal ultrasound. Chest CT revealed multiple cysts in the left inferior lung...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
David T Selewski, Dylan M Hyatt, Kevin M Bennett, Jennifer R Charlton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite abundant evidence in adults, the relationship between acute kidney injury (AKI) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains unanswered in pediatrics. Obstacles to overcome include the challenges defining these entities and the lack of long-term follow-up studies. This review focuses on pediatric populations at high-risk for AKI, the evidence of the long-term effect of AKI on renal health, and biomarkers to detect renal disease. RECENT FINDINGS: AKI in critically ill children and neonates is common and independently associated with adverse outcomes...
April 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Vittorio Demicheli, Tom Jefferson, Eliana Ferroni, Alessandro Rivetti, Carlo Di Pietrantonj
BACKGROUND: The consequences of influenza in adults are mainly time off work. Vaccination of pregnant women is recommended internationally. This is an update of a review published in 2014. Future updates of this review will be made only when new trials or vaccines become available. Observational data included in previous versions of the review have been retained for historical reasons but have not been updated due to their lack of influence on the review conclusions. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects (efficacy, effectiveness, and harm) of vaccines against influenza in healthy adults, including pregnant women...
February 1, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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