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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925447/rehospitalization-of-preterm-infants-according-to-the-discharge-risk-level
#1
Burcu Aykanat Girgin, Güler Cimete
PURPOSE: The rehospitalization rate of preterm infants is between 22 and 52% within the first year after discharge. The purpose of this study was to investigate the rehospitalization of preterm infants within 2 months following discharge, considering the level of risks originating from the infant, parents, and the social factors. DESIGN AND METHODS: The sample was composed of 238 preterm infants and their parents. The data were collected with a Descriptive Information Form, the Post-Discharge Infant Follow-up Form, and the Neonatal Discharge Assessment Tool (N-DAT)...
December 7, 2016: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915314/programs-for-detecting-and-treating-retinopathy-of-prematurity-role-of-the-neonatal-team
#2
Sudhanshu Grover, Deeksha Katoch, Mangat R Dogra, Praveen Kumar
High quality perinatal-neonatal care can prevent severe Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) in most cases. Preterm infants who do develop retinopathy can also have good visual outcomes if screening and treatment are done timely. National Neonatology Forum published clinical practice guidelines for timely screening and treatment of ROP in neonatal care units in the country in 2010. It is also listed as one of the condition under Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram for early identification and early intervention, and is currently a focus area under the National Program for Control of Blindness...
November 7, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915313/update-on-blindness-due-to-retinopathy-of-prematurity-globally-and-in-india
#3
Hannah Blencowe, Sarah Moxon, Clare Gilbert
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), a well-known complication of preterm birth that can result in avoidable blindness and visual impairment, is especially sensitive to the quality of neonatal inpatient care and appropriate, well-monitored oxygen. In 2010, the annual incidence of blindness and visual impairment from ROP was estimated to be 32,200 cases worldwide. The greatest burden is seen in middle-income countries, particularly where coverage of neonatal inpatient care has expanded without due attention to the quality of care provided, and the neonatal nursing skills and training of those providing this care...
November 7, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857787/a-study-of-neurosonogram-abnormalities-clinical-correlation-with-neurosonogram-findings-and-immediate-outcome-of-high-risk-neonates-in-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#4
Niranjan Nagaraj, Pramod Kumar Berwal, Anusha Srinivas, Ramnarayan Sehra, Sarika Swami, Prathyusha Jeevaji, Gotam Swami, Lokesh Choudary, Ayush Berwal
BACKGROUND: Neonatal sonography of the brain is now an essential part of newborn care, particularly in high risk and unstable premature infants. Cranial ultrasound is the most available and easily repeatable imaging technique for the neonatal brain showing brain development and the most frequently occurring forms of cerebral injury in the preterm and terms. This study aims to assess the importance of cranial ultrasound as an investigatory modality for high-risk neonates and to find out the morphology of various cerebral lesions and correlate clinically...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792244/breastfeeding-for-procedural-pain-in-infants-beyond-the-neonatal-period
#5
REVIEW
Denise Harrison, Jessica Reszel, Mariana Bueno, Margaret Sampson, Vibhuti S Shah, Anna Taddio, Catherine Larocque, Lucy Turner
BACKGROUND: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) show that breastfeeding newborn infants during painful procedures reduces pain. Mechanisms are considered to be multifactorial and include sucking, skin-to-skin contact, warmth, rocking, sound and smell of the mother, and possibly endogenous opiates present in the breast milk. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of breastfeeding on procedural pain in infants beyond the neonatal period (first 28 days of life) up to one year of age compared to no intervention, placebo, parental holding, skin-to-skin contact, expressed breast milk, formula milk, bottle feeding, sweet-tasting solutions (e...
October 28, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760799/vertical-transmission-of-dengue-virus-in-the-peripartum-period-and-viral-kinetics-in-newborns-and-breast-milk-new-data
#6
Lucille Arragain, Myrielle Dupont-Rouzeyrol, Olivia O'Connor, Nathalie Sigur, Jean-Paul Grangeon, Emilie Huguon, Clothilde Dechanet, Cécile Cazorla, Ann-Claire Gourinat, Elodie Descloux
: We investigated 10 mother-newborn pairs and found a 90% rate of dengue virus (DENV) transmission during the perinatal period. Here, we describe DENV kinetics in the sera of newborns before the onset of disease. Of the breast-milk samples analyzed, 75% tested positive for DENV. BACKGROUND: Dengue is the most common mosquito-borne viral disease in humans. With this study, we aimed to investigate the risk of vertical (DENV) transmission during the peripartum period and to describe its viral kinetics in serum and breast milk...
October 19, 2016: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701040/impact-of-neonatal-risk-and-temperament-on-behavioral-problems-in-toddlers-born-preterm
#7
Rafaela Guilherme Monte Cassiano, Claudia Maria Gaspardo, Guilherme Cordaro Bucker Furini, Francisco Eulogio Martinez, Maria Beatriz Martins Linhares
Children born preterm are at risk for later developmental disorders. The present study examined the predictive effects of neonatal, sociodemographic, and temperament characteristics on behavioral outcomes at toddlerhood, in children born preterm. The sample included 100 toddlers born preterm and with very-low-birth-weight, and their mothers. Neonatal characteristics were evaluated using medical records. The mothers were interviewed using the Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire for temperament assessment, and the Child Behavior Checklist for behavioral assessment...
October 1, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693439/effectiveness-of-4-chlorhexidine-umbilical-cord-care-on-neonatal-mortality-in-southern-province-zambia-zamcat-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Katherine E A Semrau, Julie Herlihy, Caroline Grogan, Kebby Musokotwane, Kojo Yeboah-Antwi, Reuben Mbewe, Bowen Banda, Chipo Mpamba, Fern Hamomba, Portipher Pilingana, Andisen Zulu, Pascalina Chanda-Kapata, Godfrey Biemba, Donald M Thea, William B MacLeod, Jonathon L Simon, Davidson H Hamer
BACKGROUND: Chlorhexidine umbilical cord washes reduce neonatal mortality in south Asian populations with high neonatal mortality rates and predominantly home-based deliveries. No data exist for sub-Saharan African populations with lower neonatal mortality rates or mostly facility-based deliveries. We compared the effect of chlorhexidine with dry cord care on neonatal mortality rates in Zambia. METHODS: We undertook a cluster-randomised controlled trial in Southern Province, Zambia, with 90 health facility-based clusters...
November 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665495/high-mortality-among-children-with-gastroschisis-after-the-neonatal-period-a-long-term-follow-up-study
#9
Kirsten Risby, Steffen Husby, Niels Qvist, Marianne S Jakobsen
BACKGROUND: During the last decades neonatal outcomes for children born with gastroschisis have improved significantly. Survival rates >90% have been reported. Early prenatal diagnosis and increased survival enforce the need for valid data for long-term outcome in the pre- and postnatal counseling of parents with a child with gastroschisis. METHODS: Long-term follow-up on all newborns with gastroschisis at Odense University Hospital (OUH) from January 1 1997-December 31 2009...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642489/neonatal-respiratory-distress-in-a-reference-neonatal-unit-in-cameroon-an-analysis-of-prevalence-predictors-etiologies-and-outcomes
#10
Joel Noutakdie Tochie, Simeon-Pierre Choukem, Regina Ndasi Langmia, Esther Barla, Paul Koki-Ndombo
INTRODUCTION: Neonatal respiratory distress (NRD) is a main cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Early detection of its risk factors and early treatment of its etiologies are major challenges. However, few studies in developing countries have provided data needed to tackle it. We aimed to determine the prevalence, predictors, etiologies and outcome of NRD in a tertiary health care centre of Cameroon. METHODS: We analyzed the hospital files of all newborns admitted to the Neonatal unit of Douala General Hospital from 1(st) January 2011 to 28(th) February 2013...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635094/outcome-of-pregnancy-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosis-at-korle-bu-teaching-hospital
#11
Ida Dzifa Dey, Jerry Coleman, Harriet Kwarko, Michael Mate-Kole
OBJECTIVE: To study maternal and fetal outcomes in Ghanaian women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Retrospective study of pregnancies in women with SLE in a single centre in Ghana. RESULTS: The mean age was 30.1 years and all were nulliparous. Two out of the seven pregnancies were in disease remission at the time of booking. Nephritis without renal impairment was present in 7 pregnancies (6 women). One woman developed intrapartum eclampsia...
June 2016: Ghana Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633632/small-for-gestational-age-and-its-association-with-maternal-blood-glucose-body-mass-index-and-stature-a-perinatal-cohort-study-among-chinese-women
#12
Junhong Leng, John Hay, Gongshu Liu, Jing Zhang, Jing Wang, Huihuan Liu, Xilin Yang, Jian Liu
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether maternal low blood glucose (BG), low body mass index (BMI) and small stature have a joint effect on the risk of delivery of a small-for-gestational age (SGA) infant. DESIGN: Women from a perinatal cohort were followed up from receiving perinatal healthcare to giving birth. SETTING: Beichen District, Tianjin, China between June 2011 and October 2012. PARTICIPANTS: 1572 women aged 19-39 years with valid values of stature, BMI and BG level at gestational diabetes mellitus screening (gestational weeks 24-28), glucose challenge test <7...
September 15, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633433/characterisation-and-antimicrobial-resistance-of-sepsis-pathogens-in-neonates-born-in-tertiary-care-centres-in-delhi-india-a-cohort-study
#13
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is one of the most common causes of neonatal deaths globally. Most sepsis-related deaths occur in low-income and middle-income countries, where the epidemiology of neonatal sepsis remains poorly understood. Most of these countries lack proper surveillance networks, hampering accurate assessment of the burden of sepsis, implementation of preventive measures, and investment in research. We report results of neonates born in hospital from a multicentre collaboration on neonatal sepsis...
October 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605949/is-facility-based-neonatal-care-in-low-resource-setting-keeping-pace-a-glance-at-uganda-s-national-referral-hospital
#14
Yaser Abdallah, Flavia Namiiro, Jamir Mugalu, Jolly Nankunda, Yvonne Vaucher, Douglas McMillan
OBJECTIVES: To identify reasons for neonatal admission and death with the aim of determining areas needing improvement. METHOD: A retrospective chart review was conducted on records for neonates admitted to Mulago National Referral Hospital Special Care Baby Unit (SCBU) from 1(st) November 2013 to 31(st) January 2014. Final diagnosis was generated after analyzing sequence of clinical course by 2 paediatricians. RESULTS: A total of 1192 neonates were admitted...
June 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599834/case-report-of-a-central-venous-access-device-associated-thrombosis-with-aortic-embolism-in-a-preterm-infant
#15
Marlene Biermayr, Barbara Brunner, Kathrin Maurer, Rudolf Trawoeger, Ursula Kiechl-Kohlendorfer, Vera Neubauer
BACKGROUND: Thrombosis in neonates is commonly a central venous access device (CVAD) associated complication. Furthermore, a patent foramen ovale (PFO) is frequently seen in preterm infants. Even though a coincidence of both is not unusual, detaching of the thrombus and organisation of an aortic embolism has not been described until now. Treatment recommendations of CVAD-associated thrombosis in neonates do not consider frequently seen complications of preterm infants e.g. intraventricular haemorrhage...
2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597956/low-neonatal-mortality-and-high-incidence-of-infectious-diseases-in-a-vietnamese-province-hospital
#16
Binh T T Ho, Alexandra Y Kruse, Hue T H Le, Phuong N Cam, Freddy K Pedersen
Background. Neonatal deaths constitute the majority of child mortality in Vietnam, but studies are scarce and focus on community settings. Methods. During a 12-month period, all sick neonates admitted to a pediatric department in a province hospital were studied. Potential risk factors of death covering sociodemographic factors, pregnancy history, previous neonatal period, and status on admission were registered. The neonates were followed up until discharge or death or until 28 completed days of age if still hospitalized or until withdrawal of life support...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563258/sildenafil-citrate-for-the-management-of-fetal-growth-restriction-and-oligohydramnios
#17
Rana Choudhary, Kavita Desai, Hetal Parekh, Kedar Ganla
Fetal growth restriction (FGR) and preeclampsia are the major causes of neonatal morbidity and mortality, which affect up to 8% of all pregnancies. The pathogenesis in FGR is an abnormal trophoblastic invasion leading to compromised uteroplacental circulation. However, in spite of this understanding and identification of high-risk patients, the management options are limited. There are some new studies which have demonstrated the role of sildenafil citrate in improving vasodilatation of small myometrial vessels and therefore improvement in amniotic fluid index, fetal weight, and even uterine and umbilical artery Doppler patterns...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552521/kangaroo-mother-care-to-reduce-morbidity-and-mortality-in-low-birthweight-infants
#18
REVIEW
Agustin Conde-Agudelo, José L Díaz-Rossello
BACKGROUND: Kangaroo mother care (KMC), originally defined as skin-to-skin contact between a mother and her newborn, frequent and exclusive or nearly exclusive breastfeeding, and early discharge from hospital, has been proposed as an alternative to conventional neonatal care for low birthweight (LBW) infants. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether evidence is available to support the use of KMC in LBW infants as an alternative to conventional neonatal care before or after the initial period of stabilization with conventional care, and to assess beneficial and adverse effects...
August 23, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513192/development-of-carrier-testing-for-common-inborn-errors-of-metabolism-in-the-wisconsin-plain-population
#19
Ashley Kuhl, Sandra van Calcar, Mei Baker, Christine M Seroogy, Gregory Rice, Jessica Scott Schwoerer
PURPOSE: This community project is an initiative through the University of Wisconsin Biochemical Genetics Clinic and the Wisconsin Newborn Screening Program to identify members of the Plain population who are at risk for having children with maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) or propionic acidemia (PA) or who have PA. METHODS: Because of the high prevalence of metabolic conditions in the Plain population and the importance of early intervention, a statewide outreach project was developed to provide targeted variant analysis of the common MSUD and PA pathogenic variants in this population through health-care provider distribution of blood spot testing kits...
August 11, 2016: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499702/pre-term-and-post-term-births-predictors-and-implications-on-neonatal-mortality-in-northern-ethiopia
#20
Hayelom Gebrekirstos Mengesha, Wondwossen Terefe Lerebo, Abadi Kidanemariam, Gebremedhin Gebrezgiabher, Yemane Berhane
BACKGROUND: Pre-term and post-term births are major determinants of neonatal mortality, including short- and long-term morbidity. In developing countries, where pre-term and post-term births are disproportionately common, the magnitude and underlying causes are not well understood, and evidence is required to design appropriate interventions. This study measured the incidence and identified risk factors of pre-term birth and post-term births in Ethiopia. In addition, it examined the effects of pre-term and post-term birth on neonatal mortality...
2016: BMC Nursing
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