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T Zayats, K K Jacobsen, R Kleppe, C P Jacob, S Kittel-Schneider, M Ribasés, J A Ramos-Quiroga, V Richarte, M Casas, N R Mota, E H Grevet, M Klein, J Corominas, J Bralten, T Galesloot, A A Vasquez, S Herms, A J Forstner, H Larsson, G Breen, P Asherson, S Gross-Lesch, K P Lesch, S Cichon, M B Gabrielsen, O L Holmen, C H D Bau, J Buitelaar, L Kiemeney, S V Faraone, B Cormand, B Franke, A Reif, J Haavik, S Johansson
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a highly heritable childhood-onset neuropsychiatric condition, often persisting into adulthood. The genetic architecture of ADHD, particularly in adults, is largely unknown. We performed an exome-wide scan of adult ADHD using the Illumina Human Exome Bead Chip, which interrogates over 250 000 common and rare variants. Participants were recruited by the International Multicenter persistent ADHD CollaboraTion (IMpACT). Statistical analyses were divided into 3 steps: (1) gene-level analysis of rare variants (minor allele frequency (MAF)<1%); (2) single marker association tests of common variants (MAF⩾1%), with replication of the top signals; and (3) pathway analyses...
October 18, 2016: Translational Psychiatry
Rachael L Cohen, Russell L Margolis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Spinocerebellar ataxia type 12 (SCA12) is a rare autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease characterized by tremor, gait abnormalities, and neuropsychiatric syndromes. The location of the causative CAG/CTG expansion mutation in PPP2R2B, a gene encoding regulatory units of the protein phosphatase 2A, may provide unique insights into the pathogenesis of neurodegeneration. RECENT FINDINGS: The first neuropathological examination of a brain from an SCA12 patient revealed both cerebellar and cerebral cortical atrophy, with a noted loss of Purkinje cells and no evidence of polyglutamine aggregates...
September 29, 2016: Current Opinion in Neurology
Antonio Rampino, Pasquale Di Carlo, Leonardo Fazio, Gianluca Ursini, Giulio Pergola, Caterina De Virgilio, Gemma Gadaleta, Giulia Maria Giordano, Alessandro Bertolino, Giuseppe Blasi
Variation in prefrontal dopaminergic signaling mediated by D2 receptor has been implicated in cognitive phenotypes of schizophrenia, including working memory. Molecular cascades downstream of D2 receptor include a cAMP-dependent- and a cAMP-independent-pathway. Protein-Phosphatase-2A (PP2A) is a key partner of D2 receptor in cAMP-independent signaling. This enzyme comprises a regulatory subunit that is coded by PPP2R2B gene. Given the molecular relationship between PP2A and D2 signaling, we hypothesized genetic variation in PPP2R2B affecting mRNA expression of this gene in prefrontal cortex to be associated with prefrontal processing during working memory...
January 1, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
Ghida Dairi, Qiunong Guan, Mani Roshan-Moniri, Colin C Collins, Christopher J Ong, Martin E Gleave, Christopher Y C Nguan, Caigan Du
Clusterin (CLU) is a chaperone-like protein and plays a protective role against renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI); however, the molecular pathways for its functions in the kidney are not fully understood. This study was designed to investigate CLU-mediating pathways in kidney cells by using bioinformatics analysis. CLU null renal tubular epithelial cells (TECs) expressing human CLU cDNA (TEC-CLU(hCLU) ) or empty vector (TEC-CLU(-/-) ) were exposed to normoxia or hypoxia (1% O2 ). Transcriptome profiling with a significant twofold change was performed using SurePrint G3 Mouse Gene Expression 8 × 60 K microarray, and the signaling pathways was ranked by using Ingenuity pathway analysis...
December 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Liang Yan, Su Qu, Gang Liu, Lei Liu, Yao Yu, Guohui Ding, Yanfeng Zhao, Yixue Li, Youhua Xie, Junqi Zhang, Di Qu
Primary duck hepatocytes (PDH) displays differential susceptibility to duck hepatitis B virus when maintained in the media supplemented with fetal bovine serum or dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) which has been widely used for the maintenance of hepatocytes, and prolonging susceptibility to hepadnavirus. However the mechanism underlying maintenance of susceptibility to hepadnavirus by DMSO treatment remains unclear. In this study, a global transcriptome analysis of PDHs under different culture conditions was conducted for investigating the effects of DMSO on maintenance of susceptibility of PDH to DHBV in vitro...
2016: PloS One
S M Hosseini, I Dufort, J Caballero, F Moulavi, H R Ghanaei, M A Sirard
BACKGROUND: This study describes the generation and analysis of the transcriptional profile of bovine inner cell mass (ICM) and trophectoderm (TE), obtained from in vivo developed embryos by using a bovine-embryo specific array (EmbryoGENE) containing 37,238 probes. RESULTS: A total of 4,689 probes were differentially expressed between ICM and TE, among these, 2,380 and 2,309 probes were upregulated in ICM and TE tissues, respectively (P ≤ 0.01, FC ≥ 2.0, FDR: 2...
2015: BMC Developmental Biology
Aileen Bahl, Eija Pöllänen, Khadeeja Ismail, Sarianna Sipilä, Tuija M Mikkola, Eva Berglund, Carl Mårten Lindqvist, Ann-Christine Syvänen, Taina Rantanen, Jaakko Kaprio, Vuokko Kovanen, Miina Ollikainen
The loss of estrogen during menopause causes changes in the female body, with wide-ranging effects on health. Estrogen-containing hormone replacement therapy (HRT) leads to a relief of typical menopausal symptoms, benefits bone and muscle health, and is associated with tissue-specific gene expression profiles. As gene expression is controlled by epigenetic factors (including DNA methylation), many of which are environmentally sensitive, it is plausible that at least part of the HRT-associated gene expression is due to changes in DNA methylation profile...
December 2015: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
Elizabeth E O'Hearn, Hyon S Hwang, Susan E Holmes, Dobrila D Rudnicki, Daniel W Chung, Ana I Seixas, Rachael L Cohen, Christopher A Ross, John Q Trojanowski, Olga Pletnikova, Juan C Troncoso, Russell L Margolis
OBJECTIVE: SCA12 is a progressive autosomal-dominant disorder, caused by a CAG/CTG repeat expansion in PPP2R2B on chromosome 5q32, and characterized by tremor, gait ataxia, hyperreflexia, dysmetria, abnormal eye movements, anxiety, depression, and sometimes cognitive impairment. Neuroimaging has demonstrated cerebellar and cortical atrophy. We now present the neuropathology of the first autopsied SCA12 brain and utilize cell models to characterize potential mechanisms of SCA12 neurodegeneration...
November 2015: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
Aleksandra Majchrzak-Celińska, Marta Słocińska, Anna-Maria Barciszewska, Stanisław Nowak, Wanda Baer-Dubowska
The deregulation of Wnt signaling is observed in various cancers, including gliomas, and might be related to the methylation of the genes encoding antagonists of this signaling pathway. The aim of the study was to assess the methylation status of the promoter regions of six Wnt negative regulators and to determine their prognostic value in clinical samples of gliomas of different grades. The methylation of SFRP1, SFRP2, PPP2R2B, DKK1, SOX17, and DACH1 was analyzed in 64 glioma samples using methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MSP)...
May 2016: Journal of Applied Genetics
L N Clark, X Ye, X Liu, K Mirzozoda, E D Louis
BACKGROUND: To investigate the association of repeat expansion size in 10 common degenerative hereditary ataxia genes with essential tremor. These genes were spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA)-1 (ATXN1), SCA-2 (ATXN2), SCA-3 (ATXN3), SCA-6 (CACNA1A), SCA-7 (ATXN7), SCA-8 (ATXN8OS), SCA-10 (ATXN10), SCA-12 (PPP2R2B), SCA-17 (TBP) and dentatorubral-pallidolysian atrophy (DRPLA) (ATN1). METHODS: Genetic analysis of repeat size in 10 degenerative hereditary ataxia loci was performed in 323 essential tremor patients and 299 controls enrolled at Columbia University...
August 2015: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
Xiao-jun Qian, Yun-tian Li, Yan Yu, Fen Yang, Rong Deng, Jiao Ji, Lin Jiao, Xuan Li, Rui-Yan Wu, Wen-Dan Chen, Gong-Kan Feng, Xiao-Feng Zhu
Dual PI3K/mTOR(phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/mammalian target of rapamycin) inhibitors are being evaluated clinically for the treatment of tumors with a hyperactivated PI3K/mTOR pathway. However, unexpected outcomes were obtained in clinical studies of cancer patients with an aberrant PI3K pathway. In clinical trials, applicable combination regimens are not yet available. In this study, using an integrated analysis of acquired BEZ235-resistant nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells, we demonstrate that DNA methyltransferase is a key modulator and a common node upstream of the AKT/mTOR and PDK1/MYC pathways, which are activated in cancer cells with acquired BEZ235 resistance...
March 10, 2015: Oncotarget
Yi Dong, Jian-Jun Wu, Zhi-Ying Wu
BACKGROUND: Spinocerebellar ataxia type 12 (SCA12) is predominantly characterized by action tremor, followed by slowly progressive cerebellar dysfunction. It is a very rare disorder and only identified in certain countries so far. The current appreciation for phenotypic and genotypic features of SCA12 is still limited. METHODS: We investigated CAG copies within PPP2R2B in 29 patients with spinocerebellar ataxia who are excluded from the most common SCA subtypes including SCA1, SCA2, SCA3 and SCA6...
April 2015: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
Tao Hu, Bi Zhao, Qian-qian Wei, Huifang Shang
In a Chinese family with Spinocerebellar ataxia type 12 (SCA12), presenting with action tremor, mild cerebellar dysfunction, and hyperreflexia, genetic testing revealed abnormal CAG repeat length in the brain-specific protein phosphatase 2, regulatory subunit B, beta isoform (PPP2R2B) gene. To our knowledge, this is the first report on patients with SCA12 presenting with prominent cerebral white matter change besides cerebral and/or cerebellar atrophy.
February 15, 2015: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Jarosław Paluszczak, Joanna Sarbak, Magdalena Kostrzewska-Poczekaj, Katarzyna Kiwerska, Małgorzata Jarmuż-Szymczak, Reidar Grenman, Daniela Mielcarek-Kuchta, Wanda Baer-Dubowska
The deregulation of Wnt signaling has recently emerged as one of the drivers of head and neck cancers. This is frequently related to the methylation of several antagonists of this pathway. This study aimed at the assessment of the profile of methylation of Wnt pathway antagonists and the determination of the prognostic value of the methylation of selected genes in oral carcinomas. The methylation of DACH1, DKK1, LKB1, PPP2R2B, RUNX3, SFRP2, and WIF-1 was analyzed in 16 oral squamous cell carcinoma cell lines using the methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction...
April 2015: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Jupeng Yuan, Bo Han, Huili Hu, Yanyan Qian, Zhaojian Liu, Zhao Wei, Xiaohong Liang, Baichun Jiang, Changshun Shao, Yaoqin Gong
Activation of Wnt/β-catenin signalling is frequently observed in many types of cancer including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We recently reported that cullin 4B (CUL4B), a scaffold protein that assembles CRL4B ubiquitin ligase complexes, is overexpressed in many types of solid tumours and contributes to epigenetic silencing of tumour suppressors. In this study, we characterized the function of CUL4B in HCC and investigated whether CUL4B is involved in the regulation of Wnt/β-catenin signalling. CUL4B and β-catenin were frequently up-regulated and positively correlated in HCC tissues...
April 2015: Journal of Pathology
Fadi F Hamdan, Myriam Srour, Jose-Mario Capo-Chichi, Hussein Daoud, Christina Nassif, Lysanne Patry, Christine Massicotte, Amirthagowri Ambalavanan, Dan Spiegelman, Ousmane Diallo, Edouard Henrion, Alexandre Dionne-Laporte, Anne Fougerat, Alexey V Pshezhetsky, Sunita Venkateswaran, Guy A Rouleau, Jacques L Michaud
Genetics is believed to have an important role in intellectual disability (ID). Recent studies have emphasized the involvement of de novo mutations (DNMs) in ID but the extent to which they contribute to its pathogenesis and the identity of the corresponding genes remain largely unknown. Here, we report a screen for DNMs in subjects with moderate or severe ID. We sequenced the exomes of 41 probands and their parents, and confirmed 81 DNMs affecting the coding sequence or consensus splice sites (1.98 DNMs/proband)...
October 2014: PLoS Genetics
Haitao Li, Jingjing Ma, Xiaoning Zhang
BACKGROUND: Spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs) are autosomal-dominant neurodegenerative diseases that are clinically and genetically heterogeneous. SCAs are characterized by a range of neurological symptoms. SCA12 is an autosomal-dominant (AD) ataxia caused by a CAG repeat expansion mutation in a presumed promoter region of the gene PPP2R2B in a non-coding region on chromosome 5q32. This study sought to determine changes in different positions in a single Uyghur SCA12 pedigree by measuring the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and fractional anisotropy (FA)...
2014: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Jarosław Paluszczak, Dawid Hemmerling, Magdalena Kostrzewska-Poczekaj, Małgorzata Jarmuż-Szymczak, Reidar Grenman, Małgorzata Wierzbicka, Wanda Baer-Dubowska
BACKGROUND: Aberrations in the function of the WNT signaling pathway have been recently implicated in the pathogenesis of head and neck cancer, and the hypermethylation of several WNT cascade inhibitors were shown to be useful in disease prognosis. However, the extent of deregulation of WNT pathway by DNA hypermethylation has not been studied in detail in laryngeal cancer so far. The aim of this study was to establish the frequency of methylation of WNT pathway negative regulators in laryngeal squamous cell carcinomas and evaluate its prognostic significance...
October 2014: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
Sebastian Groß, Uta-Dorothee Immel, Michael Klintschar, Frank Bartel
Aging is thought to occur through the accumulation of molecular and cellular damage. A key regulator of the cell's stress response is p53. In mice, the activity of p53 associates with lifespan. We were therefore interested whether SNPs in members of the p53-pathway are associated with longevity in humans. We genotyped the following SNPs: p53 - rs1042522 (Arg72Pro), MDM2 - rs2279744 (SNP309), MDM4 - rs4245739 (SNP34091), rs1563828 (SNP31826), PPP2R2B (rs319217) in 155 long-lived individuals (LLIs) who died at the age of 91 and over and in 171 ethnically-matched control subjects...
2014: Current Aging Science
Guoxiong Xu, Miriam Barrios-Rodiles, Mirjana Jerkic, Andrei L Turinsky, Robert Nadon, Sonia Vera, Despina Voulgaraki, Jeffrey L Wrana, Mourad Toporsian, Michelle Letarte
Endoglin and activin receptor-like kinase 1 are specialized transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) superfamily receptors, primarily expressed in endothelial cells. Mutations in the corresponding ENG or ACVRL1 genes lead to hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT1 and HHT2 respectively). To discover proteins interacting with endoglin, ACVRL1 and TGF-β receptor type 2 and involved in TGF-β signaling, we applied LUMIER, a high-throughput mammalian interactome mapping technology. Using stringent criteria, we identified 181 novel unique and shared interactions with ACVRL1, TGF-β receptor type 2, and endoglin, defining potential novel important vascular networks...
February 2014: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
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