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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809624/spinal-orthoses-the-crucial-role-of-comfort-on-compliance-of-wearing-monocentric-prospective-pilot-study-of-randomized-cross-over-design
#1
G W Herget, S Patermann, P C Strohm, J Zwingmann, P Eichelberger, N P Südkamp, A Hirschmüller
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Various spine disorders are regularly treated by orthoses, and success of treatment depends on wearing these devices. In this study we examined the compliance, wear comfort, subjective stabilization and side effects associated with spinal orthoses using an individualized questionnaire and the Compact Short Form-12 Health Survey (SF-12). MATERIAL AND METHODS In this prospective pilot study of randomized cross-over design, twelve healthy volunteers with a mean age of 31.2 years wore three different types of orthoses, each for one week: A hyperextension brace (HB), a custom-made semirigid orthosis (SO) and a custom-made rigid orthosis (RO)...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808624/possibilities-for-arthroscopic-treatment-of-the-ageing-sternoclavicular-joint
#2
Martin Rathcke, Jørgen Tranum-Jensen, Michael Rindom Krogsgaard
AIM: To investigate if there are typical degenerative changes in the ageing sternoclavicular joint (SCJ), potentially accessible for arthroscopic intervention. METHODS: Both SCJs were obtained from 39 human cadavers (mean age: 79 years, range: 59-96, 13 F/26 M). Each frozen specimen was divided frontally with a band saw, so that both SCJs were opened in the same section through the center of the discs. After thawing of the specimens, the condition of the discs was evaluated by probing and visual inspection...
July 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806174/left-ventricular-apex-venting-in-high-risk-redo-sternotomy-with-severe-aortic-insufficiency-a-case-report
#3
Brett J Wakefield, Alexander J Leone, Shiva Sale
Redo cardiac surgery in patients with severe aortic insufficiency can present unique challenges to the anesthesiologist. We report a case highlighting the challenge and importance of interdisciplinary planning between cardiothoracic surgeons and anesthesiologists prior to high-risk surgery. Failure to place an endoaortic balloon and percutaneous coronary sinus catheter due to anatomical abnormalities prompted the adoption of an alternate technique involving apical ventricular venting to assist sternal reentry...
August 10, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805774/-laparoscopic-assisted-harvesting-of-omental-flap-in-chest-wall-reconstruction-for-deep-sternal-wound-infection
#4
A A Pechetov, Yu S Esakov, M A Makov, D E Okonskaya, A V Basylyuk, T N Khlan
AIM: To present an experience of laparoscopic-assisted harvesting of omental flap in chest wall reconstruction for deep sternal wound infection. MATERIAL AND METHODS: It was made a prospective analysis of 14 patients aged 39-85 years after laparoscopic-assisted harvesting of omental flap in chest wall reconstruction for the period December 2014 - November 2016. Men/women ratio was 10/4. All patients had deep sternal wound infection grade IV (Oakley-Wright classification)...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805273/neurotoxicosis-in-horses-associated-with-consumption-of-trema-micrantha
#5
M P Lorenzett, P R Pereira, D M Bassuino, G Konradt, W Panziera, M V Bianchi, F F Argenta, M E Hammerschmitt, R A Caprioli, C S L de Barros, S P Pavarini, D Driemeier
BACKGROUND: Trema micrantha is a tree widely distributed throughout the Americas. The tree produces highly palatable leaves that have been associated with natural poisoning in goats, sheep and horses, in which hepatic necrosis and hepatic encephalopathy have been observed. OBJECTIVES: This study describes malacia and haemorrhage in the central nervous system due to T. micrantha consumption, with minimal to absent hepatic lesions. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series...
August 14, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801799/double-versus-single-source-left-sided-coronary-revascularization-using-bilateral-internal-thoracic-artery-graft-alone
#6
Giuseppe Gatti, Gianluca Castaldi, Marco Morosin, Irena Tavcar, Manuel Belgrano, Bernardo Benussi, Gianfranco Sinagra, Aniello Pappalardo
Left-sided coronary revascularization with bilateral internal thoracic artery (BITA) graft is performed usually either with an in situ (double source) or Y-graft configuration (single source). Two hundred fifty-three (mean age, 67.1 ± 9.5 years) patients underwent isolated left-sided coronary revascularization with BITA graft alone at the present authors' institution (2000-2015). Skeletonized BITA grafts were used either in an in situ (n = 199) or Y-graft configuration (n = 54). Forty pairs were identified with the propensity score-matching...
August 11, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801326/sternal-cleft-malformation-in-a-newborn
#7
Anda Dumitrescu, C Anthony Ryan, Andrew Green
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 11, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797010/bilateral-internal-thoracic-arteries-what-is-the-state-of-the-art
#8
Bobby Yanagawa, Subodh Verma, John D Puskas
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide a broad overview of the current state of knowledge of coronary artery bypass grafting with bilateral internal thoracic artery (BITA). RECENT FINDINGS: There exists a large body of literature from mostly observational studies supporting the use of BITA in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting but selection bias is a major issue with nonrandomized data. The precise method of BITA use does not appear to impact graft patency nor clinical outcomes - in other words, BITA in any configuration appears to be protective...
September 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795983/book-review-deep-sternal-wound-infections
#9
Anirban Mandal, Kayvan Shokrollahi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792929/new-gliding-mammaliaforms-from-the-jurassic
#10
Qing-Jin Meng, David M Grossnickle, Di Liu, Yu-Guang Zhang, April I Neander, Qiang Ji, Zhe-Xi Luo
Stem mammaliaforms are Mesozoic forerunners to mammals, and they offer critical evidence for the anatomical evolution and ecological diversification during the earliest mammalian history. Two new eleutherodonts from the Late Jurassic period have skin membranes and skeletal features that are adapted for gliding. Characteristics of their digits provide evidence of roosting behaviour, as in dermopterans and bats, and their feet have a calcaneal calcar to support the uropagatium as in bats. The new volant taxa are phylogenetically nested with arboreal eleutherodonts...
August 9, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790237/-prophylactic-effectiveness-of-vacuum-assisted-closure-for-high-risk-patients-undergoing-cardiovascular-surgery-through-median-sternotomy
#11
Ippei Takazawa, Yoshio Misawa, Satoshi Uesugi, Akira Sugaya, Hirohiko Akutsu, Souki Kurumisawa, Hirotaka Satoh, Arata Muraoka, Kei Aizawa, Shinichi Ohki, Koji Kawahito
Vacuum-assisted closure(VAC) therapy is mainly used for tissue defects. VAC therapy can remove exudate that could impair the healing process. We applied VAC therapy in patients considered at high risk of surgical site infection who underwent cardiovascular surgery via standard median sternotomy. Risk factors included advanced heart failure, obesity, diabetes mellitus, steroid administration, immunosuppressant administration, and chronic renal failure, etc. VAC therapy was used in 134 patients. Only 3 of these patients (2...
August 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776385/sternal-cutaneous-metastasis-of-hilar-cholangiocarcinoma
#12
Antonio José Fernández López, María Encarnación Tamayo-Rodríguez, María Ángeles Paniza-Mendoza
Subcutaneous metastasis is a rare initial manifestation of visceral tumors, and represent advanced stages with poor prognosis. We report the case of a female patient with a subcutaneous nodule over the sternum, which was ultimately found to be a metastasis of hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Only 20 cases of subcutaneous metastasis from Klatskin tumors have been reported - a rare occurrence with poor survival rates.
August 4, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772349/the-effects-of-multiple-anesthetic-episodes-on-equine-recovery-quality
#13
J P Platt, B T Simon, M Coleman, E A Martinez, M A Lepiz, A E Watts
BACKGROUND: Although rare, 70% of equine fatalities during recovery from general anaesthesia (GA) are due to catastrophic fractures from poor recovery quality. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of repeated GA recovery on GA recovery quality. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental blinded trial. METHODS: Eight adult horses underwent six GA events on sevoflurane for distal limb MRI examination over a 14-week period. Prior to GA recovery, xylazine was administered...
August 3, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763812/-mastopexy-in-massive-weight-loss-patients-extended-ribeiro-technique-and-usage-of-the-lateral-intercostal-artery-perforator-flap-licap-flap-for-autoaugmentation
#14
Andreas Wolter, Till Scholz, Naja Pluto, Jens Diedrichson, Andreas Arens-Landwehr, Jutta Liebau
Introduction Mastopexy in massive weight loss patients is challenging. The breast mound is often unstable and deflated, with a loose inelastic skin envelope. It has become apparent that mammaplasty techniques in these cases should rely more on glandular recontouring rather than on the skin envelope for shaping. Published methods include plication, suspension and autoaugmentation. The residual local tissue (glandular breast tissue, fat tissue, dermoglandular fat flap) is utilised to its full extent in order to reshape a form-stable breast with full upper pole projection...
August 1, 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763811/-ribeiro-technique-in-gigantomastia-review-of-294-reduction-mammaplasties-in-8-years
#15
Andreas Wolter, Naja Pluto, Till Scholz, Jens Diedrichson, Andreas Arens-Landwehr, Jutta Liebau
Introduction Reduction mammaplasty in patients with gigantomastia is challenging even to very experienced plastic surgeons. Extremely elongated pedicles impair the vascular supply of the nipple-areola complex. Breast shaping and effective reduction are difficult due to the severely stretched skin envelope. The Ribeiro technique is the standard technique for reduction mammaplasty in our clinic. The aim of this study is to review our approach in patients with gigantomastia in comparison to the current literature...
August 1, 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763695/anterior-mediastinal-solitary-fibrous-tumor-resection-by-da-vinci-%C3%A2-surgical-system-in-obese-patient
#16
Dario Amore, Marco Rispoli, Marcellino Cicalese, Ilaria De Rosa, Giuseppe Rossi, Antonio Corcione, Salvatore Buono, Carlo Curcio
INTRODUCTION: Solitary fibrous tumors are uncommon soft tissue tumors initially reported only in the pleura but, in recent years, they have been described at many extra pleural sites, such as mediastinum. The treatment of choice is the extensive surgical resection that is curative for most benign lesions. PRESENTATION OF THE CASE: We present the case of solitary fibrous tumor of the anterior mediastinum in obese patient (BMI: 34.3) undergoing complete surgical resection by robotic-assisted thoracoscopic surgery with da Vinci(®) Surgical System...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761797/correlated-evolution-of-sternal-keel-length-and-ilium-length-in-birds
#17
Tao Zhao, Di Liu, Zhiheng Li
The interplay between the pectoral module (the pectoral girdle and limbs) and the pelvic module (the pelvic girdle and limbs) plays a key role in shaping avian evolution, but prior empirical studies on trait covariation between the two modules are limited. Here we empirically test whether (size-corrected) sternal keel length and ilium length are correlated during avian evolution using phylogenetic comparative methods. Our analyses on extant birds and Mesozoic birds both recover a significantly positive correlation...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760470/improved-approach-with-subcostal-exchange-of-the-heartmate-ii-left-ventricular-assist-device-difference-in-on-and-off-pump
#18
Ann C Gaffey, Carol W Chen, Jennifer J Chung, Emily Phillips, Joyce Wald, Matthew L Williams, David W Low, Michael A Acker, Pavan Atluri
BACKGROUND: The HeartMate II (St. Jude Medical, Inc, St. Paul, MN [previously Thoratec]) left ventricular assist device (LVAD) exchange has traditionally involved a redo sternotomy. Alternate minimally invasive subcostal approaches have the advantage of avoiding sternal reentry, excessive bleeding, and prolonged recovery. METHODS: This retrospective review included patients who underwent an exchange from May 2009 to March 2016. The patients were divided into three cohorts: (1) redo sternotomy, (2) subcostal approach involving cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) (ON-CPB SC), and (3) subcostal approach off the CPB pump (OFF-CPB SC)...
July 28, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756537/atypical-morphology-and-disparate-speciation-in-a-case-of-feline-cryptococcosis
#19
S J M Evans, K Jones, A R Moore
A 6-year-old, spayed female cat was presented with acute respiratory signs and pleural effusion. Computed tomography scan revealed a large, lobulated mass effect in the ventral right hemithorax with concurrent sternal lymphadenopathy. A cytologic sample of the mass contained pyogranulomatous inflammation, necrotic material, and abundant yeast structures that lacked a distinct capsule and demonstrated rare pseudohyphal forms. Fungal culture and biochemical testing identified the yeast as Cryptococcus albidus, with susceptibility to all antifungal agents tested...
July 29, 2017: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749308/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-sternal-versus-lateral-recumbency-on-trends-of-selected-physiologic-parameters-during-isoflurane-anesthesia-in-zoo-housed-black-tailed-prairie-dogs-cynomys-ludovicianus
#20
David Eshar, Diane Mason, Nili Avni-Magen, Elizabeth Kaufman, Avital Paz, Hugues Beaufrère
Isoflurane gas anesthesia is often used for immobilization of prairie dogs in field studies, laboratory research, and veterinary clinical purposes. The goals of this prospective study were to evaluate the effects of sternal versus right lateral recumbency on trends of selected physiologic parameters during isoflurane anesthesia in black-tailed prairie dogs ( Cynomys ludovicianus ). Fourteen adult, zoo-housed black-tailed prairie dogs were tested during the study. Animals were anesthetized using isoflurane and randomly placed in either sternal or right lateral recumbency to evaluate changes in trends of physiologic parameters, measured selectively every 30 min throughout a 60-min anesthesia period...
June 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
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