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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150842/the-effect-of-6-hydroxyethyl-starch-130-0-4-on-acute-kidney-injury-in-paediatric-cardiac-surgery-a-prospective-randomised-trial
#1
H-W Oh, J-H Lee, H-C Kim, E-H Kim, I-K Song, H-S Kim, J-T Kim
We have evaluated the effect of a colloid solution on acute kidney injury in paediatric cardiac surgery. A total of 195 patients were ramdomly divided into an hydroxyethyl starch group and a control group. In the starch group, 6% hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 (Volulyte(®) ) was used as the primary fluid for volume resuscitation but was limited to 30 ml.kg(-1) . In the control group, only crystalloid fluid was used during the peri-operative period. The incidence of acute kidney injury, peri-operative transfusion, clinical outcomes and laboratory data were compared...
November 17, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150087/dexmedetomidine-methadone-ketamine-versus-dexmedetomidine-methadone-alfaxalone-for-cats-undergoing-ovariectomy
#2
Rocio Fernandez-Parra, Chiara Adami, Thomas Dresco, Thomas M Donnelly, Luca Zilberstein
OBJECTIVE: To compare the duration, quality of anaesthesia and analgesia, and quality of recovery of dexmedetomidine and methadone combined with either ketamine or alfaxalone. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, prospective clinical trial. ANIMALS: A group of 44 healthy client-owned cats presenting for ovariectomy. METHODS: Cats were randomly assigned to one of the two treatment groups: DAM (n=22), which was administered intramuscularly (IM) dexmedetomidine (15 μg kg(-1)), methadone (0...
May 27, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147786/risk-factors-for-development-of-ectopic-atrial-tachycardia-in-post-operative-congenital-heart-disease
#3
Bradley C Clark, John T Berger, Charles I Berul, Richard A Jonas, Jonathan R Kaltman, Julianne Lapsa, Dilip S Nath, Elizabeth D Sherwin, Pranava Sinha, David Zurakowski, Jeffrey P Moak
Ectopic atrial tachycardia (EAT) is common in surgically repaired congenital heart disease (CHD) and carries the potential for significant hemodynamic compromise. Our objective was to determine the incidence, and risk factors of EAT after CHD surgery. Prospective study of patients that underwent surgery for CHD from February to October 2016 was performed. Demographic, perioperative and electrophysiologic data were collected. Sustained EAT (> 30 s) was documented by telemetry or electrocardiogram and confirmed by a pediatric electrophysiologist...
November 17, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145337/partial-resection-and-reconstruction-of-the-sternum-for-treatment-of-metachronous-sternal-metastasis-of-thyroid-carcinoma-a-case-report
#4
Hong-Jing Lan, Zhi-Qiang Wu, Dong-Ge Gong, Wang-Yong Zheng, Yun Jin
RATIONALE: Metachronous sternal metastasis of thyroid carcinoma was a rare disease. There was no consensus in the treatment for bone metastasis after the initial thyroid carcinoma surgery. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 53-year-old female patient was hospitalized due to recurrent dull chest pains, with a history of radical right side thyroid carcinoma 4 years ago. On examination, there was an irregular mass on the lower left half of the sternum. Computerized tomography scan showed sternal bone destruction with a soft tissue mass...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140967/near-infrared-spectroscopy-and-vascular-occlusion-test-for-predicting-clinical-outcome-in-pediatric-cardiac-patients-a-prospective-observational-study
#5
Ji-Hyun Lee, Young-Eun Jang, In-Kyung Song, Eun-Hee Kim, Hee-Soo Kim, Jin-Tae Kim
OBJECTIVES: This study is designed to determine the feasibility and utility of vascular occlusion test variables as measured by INVOS Medtronic, Dublin, Ireland) in pediatric cardiac patients. DESIGN: A prospective observational study. SETTING: A tertiary children's hospital. PATIENTS: Children less than or equal to 8 years old who were scheduled for elective cardiac surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass. INTERVENTIONS: A vascular occlusion test (3 min of ischemia and reperfusion) was performed on the calf at three time points: after induction of anesthesia (T0), during cardiopulmonary bypass (T1), and after sternal closure (T2)...
November 14, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135530/should-percussion-pacing-have-a-role-in-perioperative-advanced-cardiac-life-support-a-case-report
#6
Chris Giordano, Jordan Miller, Ilan Keidan
Percussion pacing involves using one's fist to repeatedly strike a patient's left sternal border in a rhythmic manner. The resulting increase in ventricular pressure can trigger myocardial depolarization and subsequent contraction. We describe the successful treatment of acute preoperative symptomatic sinus bradycardia with percussion pacing in a 63-year-old patient scheduled for placement of a gastric feeding tube after trauma involving spinal cord injury. Although no longer included in current advanced cardiovascular life support guidelines, percussion pacing may be a suitable alternative to chest compressions in multitrauma cases where the force of compressions could cause further complications...
November 9, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134535/current-status-of-cardiovascular-surgery-in-japan-2013-and-2014-a%C3%A2-report-based-on-the-japan-cardiovascular-surgery-database-2-congenital-heart-surgery
#7
Yasutaka Hirata, Norimichi Hirahara, Arata Murakami, Noboru Motomura, Hiroaki Miyata, Shinichi Takamoto
OBJECTIVES: We analyzed the mortality and morbidity of congenital heart surgery in Japan using the Japan Cardiovascular Surgery Database (JCVSD). METHODS: Data regarding congenital heart surgery performed between January 2013 and December 2014 were obtained from JCVSD. The 20 most frequent procedures were selected and the mortality rates and major morbidities were analyzed. RESULTS: The mortality rates of atrial septal defect repair and ventricular septal defect repair were less than 1%, and the mortality rates of tetralogy of Fallot repair, complete atrioventricular septal defect repair, bidirectional Glenn, and total cavopulmonary connection were less than 2%...
November 13, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129422/do-not-throw-that-sternal-saw-away-yet%C3%A2
#8
EDITORIAL
George Tolis, Gus J Vlahakes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124382/use-of-whole-body-ct-to-detect-patterns-of-cpr-related-injuries-after-sudden-cardiac-arrest
#9
Gregor M Dunham, Alexandre Perez-Girbes, Ferdia Bolster, Kellie Sheehan, Ken F Linnau
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: We have recently implemented a dedicated sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) - whole-body computed tomography (WBCT) protocol to evaluate SCA patients with return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) following cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The aim of this study is to evaluate the number and pattern of CPR-related injuries in ROSC patients with SCA-WBCT. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Single-centre retrospective review of 39 patients (13 female; 20 male, mean age 51...
November 9, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124026/risk-factors-for-pneumonia-in-ventilated-trauma-patients-with-multiple-rib-fractures
#10
Hyun Oh Park, Dong Hoon Kang, Seong Ho Moon, Jun Ho Yang, Sung Hwan Kim, Joung Hun Byun
Background: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a common disease that may contribute to morbidity and mortality among trauma patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). This study evaluated the associations between trauma factors and the development of VAP in ventilated patients with multiple rib fractures. Methods: We retrospectively and consecutively evaluated 101 patients with multiple rib fractures who were ventilated and managed at our hospital between January 2010 and December 2015, analyzing the associations between VAP and trauma factors in these patients...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114395/gordonia-sternal-wound-infection-treated-with-ceftaroline-case-report-and-literature-review
#11
Kevan Akrami, Joelle Coletta, Sanjay Mehta, Joshua Fierer
Introduction. Case reports have emerged with identification of Gordonia bronchialis infections including sternal wound infections and foreign bodies such as central lines and shunts. Case presentation. We present a case that demonstrates the need to consider Gordonia infection as a cause of sternal wound infection and highlights the utility of novel diagnostics to aid in the identification of unusual pathogens that can cause post-operative infections. We report here the first successful use of ceftaroline for treatment of a G...
September 2017: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108083/-pedicled-omentum-flaps-in-the-management-of-deep-sternal-wound-infections
#12
Nick Spindler, Christian Etz, Martin Misfeld, Christoph Josten, Michael Borger, Friedrich Wilhelm Mohr, Stefan Langer
Aim Coverage of a deep sternal wound infection with a greater omentum flap. Due to a persistent infection caused by an infected aortic prosthesis, the primarily performed reconstruction with a latissimus dorsi flap had to be revised, and an alternative solution had to be found. Indication A deep sternal wound infection is a rare but devastating complication following median sternotomy. If the commonly used muscle flap is not sufficient and artificial material is still present in the wound, for instant drivelines or a vascular prosthesis, the greater omentum flap is a useful option due to its immunologic capacity...
November 6, 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104198/-feasibility-of-super-bioabsorbable-plate-insertion-into-the-sternum-manubrium-for-sternal-closure
#13
Yumi Kando, Mutsumu Fukata, Naoko Sakagami, Hitoshi Terada
We evaluated the efficacy of our sternum closure technique. Out of the 101 patients who underwent cardiovascular surgery at our department, 36 patients underwent sternum closure using ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene tape (NT) with Super FIXSORB MX40 (SF40) insertion into the sternum manubrium (group A) and 19 patients used NT with Sterna Lock Blu (group B). None of the patients had sternum disruption. Postoperative computed tomography scan revealed comparable effect in preventing transverse and anterior-posterior sternal displacement between the 2 groups...
November 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101915/pericarditis
#14
Atifur Rahman, Avadhesh Saraswat
BACKGROUND: Pericarditis is an important diagnosis to consider, along with various other differential diagnoses, in a patient who presents with chest pain. OBJECTIVE: This article describes in detail the common features, management and complications of pericarditis in the general practice setting. DISCUSSION: Characteristic clinical findings in pericarditis include pleuritic chest pain and pericardial friction rub on auscultation of the left lower sternal border...
November 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101266/a-59-year-old-woman-with-visible-precordial-pulsations
#15
Alastair J Moss, Renzo Pessotto, Andrew D Flapan
CLINICAL INTRODUCTION: A retired 59-year-old woman presented to the cardiology clinic concerned with cardiac pulsations that were visible on her chest wall. These were not associated with dyspnoea, syncope or chest discomfort.Of note, 8 years previously, she complained of recurrent nocturnal diaphoresis and 5 kg weight loss. Blood sampling at that time revealed a microcytic anaemia, reactive thrombocytosis and raised inflammatory markers (erythrocyte sedimentation rate 99 mm/hour, C-reactive protein 161 mg/L)...
November 3, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096673/sternal-reconstruction-after-post-sternotomy-mediastinitis
#16
REVIEW
Pankaj Kaul
BACKGROUND: Deep sternal wound complications are uncommon after cardiac surgery. They comprise sternal dehiscence, deep sternal wound infections and mediastinitis, which will be treated as varying expressions of a singular pathology for reasons explained in the text. METHODOLOGY AND REVIEW: This article reviews the definition, prevalence, risk factors, prevention, diagnosis, microbiology and management of deep sternal wound infections and mediastinitis after cardiac surgery...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089836/three-new-species-of-heteromysis-mysida-mysidae-heteromysini-from-the-cape-peninsula-south-africa-with-first-documentation-of-a-mysid-cephalopod-association
#17
Karl J Wittmann, Charles L Griffiths
Faunistic studies in sublittoral and littoral marine habitats on the Cape Peninsula, South Africa, have yielded three new species belonging to the genus Heteromysis, subgenus Heteromysis: H. cancellisp. n. associated with the diogenid hermit crab Cancellus macrothrix Stebbing, 1924, and H. fosterisp. n. extracted from 'empty' urchin and gastropod shells. The first documented mysid-cephalopod association is reported for H. octopodissp. n. which was found in dens occupied by Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797, but was also captured from tide pools...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078661/definitions-and-standard-indications-of-minimally-invasive-techniques-in-thymic-surgery
#18
Marcin Zieliński
BACKGROUND: The minimally invasive thoracic procedures are those performed through the intercostal, subxiphoid, subcostal or transcervical incisions. In most of these procedures (with exception of some transcervical procedures) the video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) technique is used for performance of an operation under guidance of a video monitor. METHODS: According to the definition the minimally invasive procedures do not include the sternal manubriotomy (upper sternal split), transverse sternotomy and subcutaneous longitudinal sternotomy...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078658/minimally-invasive-surgical-procedures-for-thymic-disease-in-asia
#19
REVIEW
Meinoshin Okumura, Yasushi Shintani, Mitsunori Ohta, Yoshihisa Kadota, Masayoshi Inoue, Hiroyuki Shiono
Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) procedures for thymic tumors and myasthenia gravis were introduced in Asia in the middle 1990s in at least two regions, Hong Kong and Japan. To overcome difficulties in obtaining a wide view of the anterior mediastinum, several methods for lifting the sternum or anterior chest wall have been presented, mainly by Japanese surgeons. More recently, single port VATS through a subxiphoid incision was also introduced in Japan. The long-term outcome of a VATS extended thymectomy for myasthenia gravis has been shown to be comparable to that of a trans-sternal extended thymectomy, while the long-term outcome of a VATS thymectomy for thymic epithelial tumors remains to be elucidated...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078638/subxiphoid-thymectomy-single-port-dual-port-and-robot-assisted
#20
Takashi Suda
Currently, surgical techniques that are less invasive than conventional median sternotomy are used for thymectomy in the treatment of myasthenia gravis and anterior mediastinal tumors as no sternal incision is required. We reported on a subxiphoid single-port thymectomy using CO2 insufflation, which has the following advantages: (I) the field of view offered by the camera scope inserted from the midline of the body helps confirm the location of the superior pole of the thymus and bilateral phrenic nerves; (II) there is minimal pain and no intercostal neuropathy occurs as intercostal spaces are not traversed; and (III) cosmetic outcomes are excellent...
2017: J Vis Surg
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