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Persistent pulmonary hypertension neonate

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899401/neonatal-and-childhood-neurodevelopmental-health-and-educational-outcomes-of-children-exposed-to-antidepressants-and-maternal-depression-during-pregnancy-protocol-for-a-retrospective-population-based-cohort-study-using-linked-administrative-data
#1
Deepa Singal, Marni Brownell, Dan Chateau, Chelsea Ruth, Laurence Y Katz
INTRODUCTION: Antidepressants are commonly prescribed during pregnancy; however, there are inconsistent data on the safety of these medications during the prenatal period. To address this gap, this study will investigate short-term and long-term neurodevelopmental, physical and mental health, and educational outcomes of children who have been exposed to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or selective serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) and/or maternal depression during pregnancy...
November 29, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777426/survival-and-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-of-very-low-birth-weight-infants-in-a-regional-core-hospital-in-kochi-japan
#2
Hidehiko Maruyama, Yusei Nakata, Akane Kanazawa, Kiyoshi Kikkawa
We sought to clarify the survival and neurodevelopmental outcomes of very low birth weight infants (VLBWIs) and to identify risk factors for death or neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) in VLBWIs at our hospital. The total study population was 217 infants born in 2005-2012 weighing 1,500 g. We compared their outcomes with those from previous reports analyzed the causes of death. Risk factors for death after discharge or NDI were evaluated by a multivariate logistic regression analysis. The incidences of death or NDI reported revealed in this study and the database of Neonatal Research Network of Japan were 25...
October 2016: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696630/single-center-experience-of-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-61-neonates
#3
Eiji Hirakawa, Satoshi Ibara, Takuya Tokuhisa, Yoshinobu Maede, Takako Kuwahara, Chie Ishihara, Hiroyuki Noguchi, Yoshiki Naitou, Masakatsu Yamamoto, Masaya Kibe, Tsuyoshi Yamamoto, Tomonori Kurimoto, Masato Kamitomo, Kazutoshi Cho, Hisanori Minakami
BACKGROUND: There have been few reports regarding outcomes after extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in newborn Japanese infants. METHODS: A review of 61 neonates with ECMO through January 1995 at a single center was performed. ECMO was used in neonates with oxygenation index > 20 after conventional treatments. Background factors, such as etiology, vascular access mode (veno-venous [VV] or veno-arterial [VA]), number of days with ECMO, and early ECMO (within 24 hours after birth), were analyzed in relation to outcome with respect to survival to hospital discharge (SHD)...
October 3, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589551/an-international-survey-on-persistent-pulmonary-hypertension-of-the-newborn-a-need-for-an-evidence-based-management
#4
N Nakwan, P Chaiwiriyawong
OBJECTIVE: To assess the current practice preferences in diagnosis and management of persistent hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) of neonatologists or pediatricians with expertise in neonatal care. STUDY DESIGN: Investigators identified potential participants worldwide through a literature search. They were emailed the URL of an online 25-item questionnaire through the web survey site SurveyMonkey®. Additional respondents were also acquired through a professional online discussion group...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575388/abnormal-muscularization-of-intra-acinar-pulmonary-arteries-in-two-cases-presenting-as-sudden-infant-death-sids
#5
Khairul Zainun, Kirsten Hope, Andrew G Nicholson, Marta Cecilia Cohen
Abnormal muscularization of intra acinar pulmonary arteries is a histological hallmark of persistent pulmonary hypertension of newborn (PPHN), an uncommon disease with high morbidity and mortality. PPHN presents with signs of respiratory distress immediately following birth. The disease is multi-factorial in origin and can be idiopathic as well associated with a variety of conditions such as congenital heart disease and both congenital and acquired lung diseases. We report two cases presenting as sudden unexpected death in late neonatal period (SUDI) showing abnormal muscularization of acinar pulmonary arteries reminiscent of PPHN...
August 30, 2016: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549510/the-burden-of-hypoxic-ischaemic-encephalopathy-in-malaysian-neonatal-intensive-care-units
#6
Nem-Yun Boo, Irene Guat-Sim Cheah
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to determine the incidence of hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE) and predictors of HIE mortality in Malaysian neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). METHODS: This was a retrospective study of data from 37 NICUs in the Malaysian National Neonatal Registry in 2012. All newborns with gestational age ≥ 36 weeks, without major congenital malformations and fulfilling the criteria of HIE were included. RESULTS: There were 285,454 live births in these hospitals...
August 2016: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502948/neurally-adjusted-ventilatory-assist-nava-in-preterm-newborn-infants-with-respiratory-distress-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Merja Kallio, Ulla Koskela, Outi Peltoniemi, Tero Kontiokari, Tytti Pokka, Maria Suo-Palosaari, Timo Saarela
UNLABELLED: Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) improves patient-ventilator synchrony during invasive ventilation and leads to lower peak inspiratory pressures (PIP) and oxygen requirements. The aim of this trial was to compare NAVA with current standard ventilation in preterm infants in terms of the duration of invasive ventilation. Sixty infants born between 28 + 0 and 36 + 6 weeks of gestation and requiring invasive ventilation due to neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) were randomized to conventional ventilation or NAVA...
September 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502103/bosentan-as-adjunctive-therapy-for-persistent-pulmonary-hypertension-of-the-newborn-results-of-the-randomized-multicenter-placebo-controlled-exploratory-trial
#8
Robin H Steinhorn, Jeffrey Fineman, Andjela Kusic-Pajic, Peter Cornelisse, Martine Gehin, Pegah Nowbakht, Christine M Pierce, Maurice Beghetti
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of the endothelin receptor antagonist bosentan as adjunctive therapy for neonates with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). STUDY DESIGN: This was a phase 3, multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled exploratory trial (FUTURE-4). Eligible patients were >34 weeks gestation, <7 days old, receiving inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) treatment (≥4 hours), and had persistent respiratory failure (oxygenation index [OI] ≥12)...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490772/management-of-supplemental-oxygen-for-infants-with-persistent-pulmonary-hypertension-of-newborn-a-survey
#9
Deepthi Alapati, Romal Jassar, Thomas H Shaffer
Objective To evaluate practice variations amongst neonatologists regarding oxygen management in neonates with persistent pulmonary hypertension of newborn (PPHN). Study Design An online survey was administered to neonatologists to assess goal oxygenation targets and oxygen titration practices in PPHN. Response variations were assessed and intergroup comparisons performed. Results Thirty-three percent (492) of neonatologists completed the survey. Twenty-eight percent reported using specific oxygen titration guidelines...
August 4, 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27425626/edn1-gene-variant-is-associated-with-neonatal-persistent-pulmonary-hypertension
#10
Mei Mei, Guoqiang Cheng, Bijun Sun, Lin Yang, Huijun Wang, Jinqiao Sun, Wenhao Zhou
Recent studies have suggested associations between certain genetic variants and susceptibility to persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). The aim of the study was to evaluate the association of EDN1, NOS3, ACE and VEGFA genes with PPHN. Neonates with respiratory distress were enrolled in the study, whose gestational age ≥34 weeks, age ≤3 days. They were divided into PPHN and non-PPHN group. The EDN1, NOS3, ACE and VEGFA genes were detected by next-generation sequencing, and the results were validated by Sanger sequencing...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385414/fatal-vernix-caseosa-aspiration-associated-with-persistent-pulmonary-hypertension-of-the-newborn
#11
Narongsak Nakwan, Wuttichart Kamolvisit, Charoen Napapongsuriya, Pornpreenun Chaiwiriyawong, Cheep Charoenlap
Vernix caseosa aspiration is an extremely rare condition resulting in high mortality if complicated by persistent hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). Herein we offer the first case report of PPHN due to massive vernix caseosa aspiration documented by histopathological examination. This case report is presented to provide a synopsis of the pathoetiology of PPHN related to vernix caseosa aspiration syndrome as likely to be encountered by neonatologists and general pediatricians involved with neonatal care.
July 6, 2016: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27384403/sudden-unexplained-early-neonatal-death-or-collapse-a-national-surveillance-study
#12
Tracey L Lutz, Elizabeth J Elliott, Heather E Jeffery
BACKGROUND: The incidence of sudden unexpected early neonatal death (SUEND) or acute life-threatening events (ALTEs) is reported as 0.05/1,000 to 0.38/1,000 live births. There is currently no national system in Australia for reporting and investigating such cases. METHODS: A 3-y prospective, national surveillance study, run in collaboration with the Australian Pediatric Surveillance Unit (APSU). Data were provided by pediatricians reporting to APSU; and independently ascertained by the Coroner in two states (NSW and QLD) and the Newborn Early Transport Network in NSW...
October 2016: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27365845/persistent-pulmonary-hypertension-of-the-newborn-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Mukti Sharma, Karthik Ram Mohan, Shankar Narayan, Lokesh Chauhan
Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) is a serious medical emergency in the neonatal period which occurs because of failure of transition of the foetal circulation into the normal circulation. The condition is characterised by persistently elevated pulmonary vascular pressures and despite numerous modalities of treatment available, the condition carries with it a high rate of mortality and morbidity. Early awareness of predisposing conditions and early diagnosis leads to better outcomes in PPHN...
October 2011: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27322829/prognostic-factors-of-premature-closure-of-the-ductus-arteriosus-in-utero-a-systematic-literature-review
#14
Hidekazu Ishida, Yukiko Kawazu, Futoshi Kayatani, Noboru Inamura
BACKGROUND: A number of case reports show various outcomes of premature closure of the ductus arteriosus in utero, including persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn and fetal or neonatal death; however, no study clarifies the clinical observations that are related to their prognoses. We aimed to clarify the prognostic factors of intrauterine ductal closure by a systematic literature review. Data sources We searched PubMed database (1975-2014) to identify case reports and studies on intrauterine closure of the ductus arteriosus, including maternal, fetal, and neonatal clinical information and their prognoses...
June 20, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27252793/idiopathic-arterial-calcification-of-infancy-case-report
#15
Tarek Hamed Attia, Mohamed Maisara Abd Alhamed, Mohamed Fouad Selim, Mohamed Salah Haggag, Diaa Fathalla
Idiopathic arterial calcification of infancy is a rare autosomal recessive disease, characterized by deposition of calcium along the internal elastic membrane of arteries, accompanied by fibrous thickening of the intima which causes luminal narrowing. Here we are reporting a case of idiopathic arterial calcification of infancy in a Saudi female newborn of non-consanguineous pregnant woman who had polyhydramnios. The newborn baby had severe respiratory distress, systemic hypertension and persistent pulmonary hypertension of newborn...
November 2015: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27251312/advances-in-neonatal-pulmonary-hypertension
#16
Robin H Steinhorn
Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) is a surprisingly common event in the neonatal intensive care unit, and affects both term and preterm infants. Recent studies have begun to elucidate the maternal, fetal and genetic risk factors that trigger PPHN. There have been numerous therapeutic advances over the last decade. It is now appreciated that oxygen supplementation, particularly for the goal of pulmonary vasodilation, needs to be approached as a therapy that has risks and benefits. Administration of surfactant or inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) therapy at a lower acuity of illness can decrease the risk of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation/death, progression of disease and duration of hospital stay...
2016: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27236437/early-clinical-outcomes-of-right-ventricular-outflow-tract-reconstruction-with-small-caliber-bovine-jugular-vein-conduit-contegra-%C3%A2-in-small-children
#17
Takashi Kido, Takaya Hoashi, Koji Kagisaki, Toshiki Fujiyoshi, Masataka Kitano, Kenichi Kurosaki, Isao Shiraishi, Toshikatsu Yagihara, Yoshiki Sawa, Hajime Ichikawa
This study reviewed early clinical outcomes of right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction with Contegra(®) valved conduits in pediatric patients. Between April 2013 and July 2014, thirteen pediatric patients underwent right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction with Contegra valved conduits. The size of the implanted conduits were 12 mm in 5 patients, 14 mm in 3, 16 mm in 3, and then 2 patients were implanted with bicuspidized conduits for downsizing the conduit to 9 and 10 mm in each. Follow-ups were completed in all patients...
May 28, 2016: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27225963/the-fetal-circulation-pathophysiology-of-hypoxemic-respiratory-failure-and-pulmonary-hypertension-in-neonates-and-the-role-of-oxygen-therapy
#18
REVIEW
S Lakshminrusimha, O D Saugstad
Neonatal hypoxemic respiratory failure (HRF), a deficiency of oxygenation associated with insufficient ventilation, can occur due to a variety of etiologies. HRF can result when pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) fails to decrease at birth, leading to persistent pulmonary hypertension of newborn (PPHN), or as a result of various lung disorders including congenital abnormalities such as diaphragmatic hernia, and disorders of transition such as respiratory distress syndrome, transient tachypnea of newborn and perinatal asphyxia...
June 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27225960/considerations-in-the-management-of-hypoxemic-respiratory-failure-and-persistent-pulmonary-hypertension-in-term-and-late-preterm-neonates
#19
REVIEW
S Lakshminrusimha, G G Konduri, R H Steinhorn
Recent advances in our understanding of neonatal pulmonary circulation and the underlying pathophysiology of hypoxemic respiratory failure (HRF)/persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) have resulted in more effective management strategies. Results from animal studies demonstrate that low alveolar oxygen tension (PAO2) causes hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction, whereas an increase in oxygen tension to normoxic levels (preductal arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) between 60 and 80 mm Hg and/or preductal peripheral capillary oxygen saturation between 90% and 97%) results in effective pulmonary vasodilation...
June 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27216547/survival-of-a-very-low-birthweight-infant-with-potter-sequence-on-long-term-hemodialysis
#20
Jun Miyahara, Masaki Yamamoto, Kyoko Motoshige, Naoya Fujita, Shigeru Ohki
Recent advances in neonatal cardiorespiratory management and neonatal renal replacement therapy have led to occasional reports of favorable short-term and long-term outcomes for Potter sequence, once thought to be fatal. The present patient was a girl born at a gestational age of 34 weeks 4 days with a birthweight of 1398 g. She was diagnosed with Potter sequence complicated by pulmonary hypoplasia due to left renal agenesis and small right kidney. Hemodialysis was started because anuria persisted even after persistent pulmonary hypertension receded and cardiorespiratory status improved...
July 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
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