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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227958/limited-access-to-special-education-services-for-school-aged-children-with-developmental-delay
#1
Erica Twardzik, Ellen Smit, Bridget Hatfield, Michelle C Odden, Alicia Dixon-Ibarra, Megan MacDonald
BACKGROUND: Current policy in Oregon limits eligibility of children diagnosed with developmental delay for school-based services. Due to eligibility definitions, children with developmental delay may face additional barriers transitioning from early intervention/early childhood special education into school-based special education services. AIMS: Examine the relationship between enrollment in school-based special education programs given a change in primary disability diagnosis...
December 8, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227880/the-relationship-between-australian-harm-minimisation-alcohol-education-and-student-uptake-consumption-and-harm
#2
Richard Midford, Leanne Lester, Tahlia Williams, Victoria White
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use by young people is a public health concern in Australia because of the disproportionate harm they experience. Accordingly, governments have sought to protect young people, with school identified as an appropriate site for drug, including alcohol, prevention through education. School-based drug education programmes, however, have not been particularly effective, and even when individual programs report prevention benefits they can be criticised for being developed and evaluated by the same group...
December 8, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226799/evaluation-of-a-school-based-cognitive-behavioral-depression-prevention-program
#3
Pernilla Garmy, Eva K Clausson, Agneta Berg, Katarina Steen Carlsson, Ulf Jakobsson
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and cost-utility of a school-based cognitive-behavioral (CB) depression prevention program. METHODS: A quasi-experimental trial with an intervention group and a control group, with follow-up measurements obtained at three and 12 months after baseline, was conducted. The setting was six Swedish municipalities. The participants were students in grade 8 (median age: 14). A total of 462 students (79% girls) were allocated to the school-based CB prevention program, and 486 students (46% girls) were allocated to the control group...
December 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225481/perspectives-on-high-intensity-interval-exercise-for-health-promotion-in-children-and-adolescents
#4
REVIEW
Bert Bond, Kathryn L Weston, Craig A Williams, Alan R Barker
Physical activity lowers future cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk; however, few children and adolescents achieve the recommended minimum amount of daily activity. Accordingly, there is virtue in identifying the efficacy of small volumes of high-intensity exercise for health benefits in children and adolescents for the primary prevention of CVD risk. The purpose of this narrative review is to provide a novel overview of the available literature concerning high-intensity interval-exercise (HIIE) interventions in children and adolescents...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224773/parental-knowledge-and-attitudes-to-childhood-hearing-loss-and-hearing-services-in-the-solomon-islands
#5
Annette Kaspar, Obiga Newton, Joseph Kei, Carlie Driscoll, De Wet Swanepoel, Helen Goulios
OBJECTIVE: An understanding of parental knowledge and attitudes towards childhood hearing loss is essential to the successful implementation of audiology services. The present study aimed to investigate parental knowledge and attitudes among parents in the Solomon Islands. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 100 mothers and 50 fathers were administered a questionnaire via semi-structured interviews. RESULTS: Highest parental awareness of aetiology of childhood hearing loss was noted for otitis media (94%), noise exposure (87...
December 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224224/healthy-and-ready-to-learn-effects-of-a-school-based-public-health-insurance-outreach-program-for-kindergarten-aged-children
#6
Jade Marcus Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Rates of child insurance coverage have increased due to expansions in public programs, but many eligible children remain uninsured. Uninsured children are less likely to receive preventative care, which leads to poorer health and achievement in the long term. This study is an evaluation of a school-based health insurance outreach initiative, "Healthy and Ready to Learn," aiming to identify and enroll uninsured kindergarteners in areas of high economic need in 16 counties in North Carolina...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224223/altering-the-school-breakfast-environment-reduces-barriers-to-school-breakfast-participation-among-diverse-rural-youth
#7
Mary O Hearst, Amy Shanafelt, Qi Wang, Robert Leduc, Marilyn S Nanney
BACKGROUND: The purpose is to determine if altering school breakfast policies and the school breakfast environment will positively impact adolescent beliefs of the barriers and benefits of eating breakfast. METHODS: There were 904 adolescents from 16 rural high schools, Minnesota, in the BreakFAST Study who reported eating breakfast fewer than 4 times per week at baseline. Schools were randomized to intervention (N = 8 schools) or delayed intervention (N = 8) condition...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224216/association-of-school-based-physical-activity-opportunities-socioeconomic-status-and-third-grade-reading
#8
Ben D Kern, Kim C Graber, Sa Shen, Charles H Hillman, Gabriella McLoughlin
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic status (SES) is the most accurate predictor of academic performance in US schools. Third-grade reading is highly predictive of high school graduation. Chronic physical activity (PA) is shown to improve cognition and academic performance. We hypothesized that school-based PA opportunities (recess and physical education) would moderate the negative association between SES and third-grade reading. METHODS: Schools serving third-grade students were surveyed (N = 1279) for minutes/week of PA opportunities...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220347/assessing-the-benefits-of-five-years-of-different-approaches-to-treatment-of-urogenital-schistosomiasis-a-score-project-in-northern-mozambique
#9
Anna E Phillips, Pedro H Gazzinelli-Guimaraes, Herminio O Aurelio, Josefo Ferro, Rassul Nala, Michelle Clements, Charles H King, Alan Fenwick, Fiona M Fleming, Neerav Dhanani
BACKGROUND: In Mozambique, schistosomiasis is highly endemic across the whole country. The Schistosomiasis Consortium for Operational Research and Evaluation (SCORE) coordinates a five-year study that has been implemented in various African countries, including Mozambique. The overall goal of SCORE was to better understand how to best apply preventive chemotherapy with praziquantel (PZQ) for schistosomiasis control by evaluating the impact of alternative treatment approaches. METHODS: This was a cluster-randomised trial that compared the impact of different treatment strategies in study areas with prevalence among school children of ≥21% S...
December 8, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218306/adolescents-responses-to-a-school-based-prevention-program-promoting-healthy-eating-at-school
#10
Roel C J Hermans, Hanneke de Bruin, Junilla K Larsen, Fréderike Mensink, Annet C Hoek
Background: To improve the effectiveness of school-based programs that aim to promote adolescents' healthy food choices, it is essential to understand the views and behaviors of the target group. This study aimed to get a better understanding of adolescents' food and health perceptions and their willingness to be involved in a specific school-based prevention program, i.e., the Dutch "Healthy School Canteen Program." Methods: This study used a mixed-methods research design...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217923/enhancing-personal-hygiene-behavior-and-competency-of-elementary-school-adolescents-through-peer-led-approach-and-school-friendly-a-quasi-experimental-study
#11
Dessalegn Tamiru, Alemayehu Argaw, Mulusew Gerbaba, Girmay Ayana, Aderajew Nigussie, Hunduma Jisha, Tefera Belachew
Background: Recent studies showed that poor personal hygiene practices play a major role in the increment of communicable disease burden in developing countries. In Ethiopia, 60% of the disease burden is related to poor sanitation practices. This school based study was aimed to assess the effectiveness of school-friendly and peer-led approach in improving personal hygiene practices of school adolescents in Jimma Zone, Southwest of Ethiopia. Methods: A total of 1000 students from 10 to 19 years were included into the study...
May 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214403/executive-functioning-academic-skills-and-quality-of-life-in-pediatric-patients-with-brain-tumors-post-proton-radiation-therapy
#12
Lea M Ventura, Julie A Grieco, Casey L Evans, Karen A Kuhlthau, Shannon M MacDonald, Nancy J Tarbell, Torunn I Yock, Margaret B Pulsifer
Radiation therapy (RT) is integral in the treatment of pediatric brain tumors; however, photon RT (XRT) often results in intellectual decline, executive functioning (EF) deficits, academic underachievement/failure, and lower health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Proton RT (PRT) provides more targeted therapy, minimizing damage to the developing brain, yet few studies have examined its neuropsychological effects. This study investigated the role of EF in academic skills and HRQoL in a sample of children treated with PRT...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213497/development-and-content-validity-of-the-cena-program-for-educational-training-on-the-neuropsychology-of-learning-with-an-emphasis-on-executive-functions-and-attention
#13
Janice R Pureza, Rochele P Fonseca
Introduction: The importance of executive functions (EF) in childhood development, and their role as indicators of health, well-being, professional and academic success have been demonstrated by several studies in the literature. FE are cognitive processes that aim to control and manage behavior to achieve specific goal and included skills planning, inhibition, cognitive flexibility, (executive) attention and the central executive component of working memory (WM). In the context of education, the EF are crucial for continued learning and efficient academic performance due to their involvement in several components of the educational process...
January 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208040/a-systematic-review-of-school-based-ehealth-interventions-targeting-alcohol-use-smoking-physical-inactivity-diet-sedentary-behaviour-and-sleep-among-adolescents-a-review-protocol
#14
Katrina E Champion, Nicola C Newton, Bonnie Spring, Q Eileen Wafford, Belinda J Parmenter, Maree Teesson
BACKGROUND: Six key behavioural risk factors (risky alcohol use, smoking, poor diet, physical inactivity, sedentary behaviour and unhealthy sleep patterns) have been identified as strong determinants of chronic disease, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancers. School-based interventions targeting these multiple health risk behaviours among adolescents have the potential to halt the trajectory towards later disease, whilst online and mobile technology interventions offer advantages in terms of student engagement, reach and scalability...
December 6, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204421/weight-related-barriers-for-overweight-students-in-an-elementary-physical-education-classroom-an-exploratory-case-study-with-one-physical-education-teacher
#15
Mary Odum, Corliss W Outley, E Lisako J McKyer, Christine A Tisone, Sharon L McWhinney
Introduction: As physical performance may be more difficult for overweight children than for their non-overweight peers, understanding how weight impacts student performance in the physical education (P.E.) classroom could inform school-based obesity prevention programming. Materials and methods: This qualitative case study examined one elementary physical educator's perspectives of overweight students' weight-related experiences in her classroom. Narratives were elicited during an in-depth interview and analyzed using structural and thematic analyses...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202598/speech-language-pathologists-as-determiners-of-the-human-right-to-diversity-in-communication-for-school-children-in-the-us
#16
Audrey M Farrugia-Bernard
Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression - the right to communication. Communication is at the core of the speech-language pathology (SLP) profession. Yet, while we celebrate the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights some of our most vulnerable youth are being placed in special education at disproportional rates. School-based SLPs in the United States may be unwittingly contributing to this phenomenon, obstructing the human right to communication because of biased assessment procedures...
December 5, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201063/malnutrition-and-its-associated-factors-among-rural-school-children-in-fayoum-governorate-egypt
#17
Wafaa Y Abdel Wahed, Safaa K Hassan, Randa Eldessouki
Malnutrition is an increasing health problem among children in developing countries. We assessed the level of malnutrition and associated factors among school children in a rural setting in Fayoum Governorate, Egypt. A school based cross-sectional survey was conducted on children (6-17 years) in Manshit El Gamal village in Tamia district of Fayoum Governorate. Weight, height, and age data were used to calculate z-scores of the three nutritional indicators using WHO anthroPlus. Sociodemographics and lifestyles Data were collected...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200547/assessing-the-environmental-context-of-hand-washing-among-school-children-in-limpopo-south-africa
#18
Nicola Bulled, Kara Poppe, Khuliso Ramatsisti, Londolani Sitsula, Geoffrey Winegar, Jabulani Gumbo, Rebecca Dillingham, James Smith
Despite its simplicity and efficacy, the promotion of hand washing for disease prevention remains a challenge particularly in resource-limited settings. Here we report on a quasi-experimental school-based study that aimed to improve habitual hand washing. Significant increases in hand washing occurred following improvements in hygiene and sanitation facilities (School A: t=13.86, p=0.0052). Smaller increases in hand washing occurred following education (School A: t=2.63; p=0.012; School B, no infrastructure improvements: t=1...
2017: Water International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199912/the-effects-of-school-based-discrimination-on-adolescents-of-color-sexual-health-outcomes-a-social-determinants-approach
#19
Brandon N Respress, Ndidiamaka N Amutah-Onukagha, Ijeoma Opara
Social inequalities are at the heart of disparities in sexual health outcomes among African American and Latino/a adolescents living in the United States. Schools are typically the largest and primary context in youth development. School characteristics such as peer and teacher discrimination and school performance were examined to determine whether such characteristics predict sexual behavior in adolescents of color. This study utilized a representative sample of high school age students to assess sexual risk behavior...
December 4, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199448/exploring-the-moderating-effects-of-cognitive-abilities-on-social-competence-intervention-outcomes
#20
Janine P Stichter, Melissa J Herzog, Stephen P Kilgus, Alexander M Schoemann
Many populations served by special education, including those identified with autism, emotional impairments, or students identified as not ready to learn, experience social competence deficits. The Social Competence Intervention-Adolescents' (SCI-A) methods, content, and materials were designed to be maximally pertinent and applicable to the social competence needs of early adolescents (i.e., age 11-14 years) identified as having scholastic potential but experiencing significant social competence deficits. Given the importance of establishing intervention efficacy, the current paper highlights the results from a four-year cluster randomized trial (CRT) to examine the efficacy of SCI-A (n = 146 students) relative to Business As Usual (n = 123 students) school-based programming...
January 2018: Behavior Modification
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