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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652948/-psychoactive-substances-use-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-school-age-adolescents
#1
Fabiola Vilugrón Aravena, Carlos Alejandro Hidalgo-Rasmussen, Temístocles Molina G, María Eugenia Gras Pérez, Silvia Font-Mayolas
Background The use of psychoactive substances among adolescents is a major social and public health concern. Aim To analyze association of substance abuse and multiple drug use with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in adolescents attending a high school in Valparaiso, Chile. Material and Methods Analytical cross-sectional study conducted in a sample of adolescents attending high school. HRQOL was assessed using KIDSCREEN-52 questionnaire and substance use was measured using the Global school-based student health survey...
December 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652220/meeting-the-needs-of-young-adolescents-abbl-anti-bullying-program-during-middle-school-transition
#2
Małgorzata Wójcik, Anna M Hełka
This article introduces ABBL, the anti-bullying program for the transition to middle school, which was designed as a free, feasible, and easily applicable solution for teachers who, for any reason, cannot take advantage of comprehensive anti-bullying school-based programs. The ABBL, based on the identification of the causal risk factors and mechanisms that lead to bullying, aims to influence the peer group in such a way that students do not reward antisocial behaviors and are, instead, able to create supportive class atmospheres and strong networks of personal attachments...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649922/perceptions-of-rural-school-mental-health-services-a-focus-group-study
#3
Amy D Habeger, Kimberly S van Vulpen, Teresa F Simmons
The presence of emotional or behavioural disorders has an impact on academic achievement. Access to behavioural health services is a challenge, particularly in rural communities. School-based mental health services have been recognised as an effective means of addressing the needs of students with emotional or behavioural disorders. This qualitative focus group study explored the service needs, gaps, and barriers to mental health services. Themes related to time, space, family engagement, and education for teachers and caregivers emerged from the focus groups...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642875/comparing-the-performance-of-circulating-cathodic-antigen-and-kato-katz-techniques-in-evaluating-schistosoma-mansoni-infection-in-areas-with-low-prevalence-in-selected-counties-of-kenya-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Collins Okoyo, Elses Simiyu, Sammy M Njenga, Charles Mwandawiro
BACKGROUND: Kato-Katz technique has been the mainstay test in Schistosoma mansoni diagnosis in endemic areas. However, recent studies have documented its poor sensitivity in evaluating Schistosoma mansoni infection especially in areas with lower rates of transmission. It's the primary diagnostic tool in monitoring impact of the Kenya national school based deworming program on infection transmission, but there is need to consider a more sensitive technique as the prevalence reduces. Therefore, this study explored the relationship between results of the stool-based Kato-Katz technique with urine-based point-of-care circulating cathodic antigen (POC-CCA) test in view to inform decision-making by the program in changing from Kato-Katz to POC-CCA test...
April 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629791/at-what-cost-examining-the-cost-effectiveness-of-a-universal-social-emotional-learning-program
#5
Leah J Hunter, James C DiPerna, Susan Crandall Hart, Max Crowley
Although implementation of universal social-emotional learning programs is becoming more common in schools, few studies have examined the cost-effectiveness of such programs. As such, the purpose of this article is two fold. First, we provide an overview of cost-effectiveness methods for school-based programs, and second, we share results of a cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) of a universal social-emotional learning (SEL) program, the Social Skills Improvement System-Classwide Intervention Program (SSIS-CIP; Elliott & Gresham, 2007)...
March 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629788/statewide-implementation-of-an-evidence-based-trauma-intervention-in-schools
#6
Sharon A Hoover, Heather Sapere, Jason M Lang, Erum Nadeem, Kristin L Dean, Pamela Vona
The goal of the current article is to describe the implementation and outcomes of an innovative statewide dissemination approach of the evidence-based trauma intervention Cognitive Behavioral Intervention for Trauma in Schools (CBITS). In the context of a 2-year statewide learning collaborative effort, 73 CBITS groups led by 20 clinicians from 5 different school-based mental health provider organizations served a total of 350 racially and ethnically diverse (66.9% Hispanic, 26.2% Black/African American, 43...
March 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629785/evaluating-referral-screening-and-assessment-procedures-for-middle-school-trauma-grief-focused-treatment-groups
#7
Stevie N Grassetti, Ariel A Williamson, Joanna Herres, Roger Kobak, Christopher M Layne, Julie B Kaplow, Robert S Pynoos
There is a need to delineate best practices for referring, assessing, and retaining students suspected of posttraumatic stress (PTS) and maladaptive grief (MG) in school-based treatment. Evidence-based risk-screening procedures should accurately include students who are appropriate for group treatment and exclude students who do not require treatment or who are better served by other forms of intervention and support. We described and evaluated the sequence of steps used to screen 7th- and 8th-grade students (N = 89) referred by school staff as candidates for an open trial of group-based Trauma and Grief Component Therapy for Adolescents (TGCTA; Saltzman et al...
March 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629784/implementing-the-bounce-back-trauma-intervention-in-urban-elementary-schools-a-real-world-replication-trial
#8
Catherine DeCarlo Santiago, Tali Raviv, Anna Maria Ros, Stephanie K Brewer, Laura M L Distel, Stephanie A Torres, Anne K Fuller, Krystal M Lewis, Claire A Coyne, Colleen Cicchetti, Audra K Langley
The current study provides the first replication trial of Bounce Back, a school-based intervention for elementary students exposed to trauma, in a different school district and geographical area. Participants in this study were 52 1st through 4th graders (Mage = 7.76 years; 65% male) who were predominately Latino (82%). Schools were randomly assigned to immediate treatment or waitlist control. Differential treatment effects (Time × Group Interaction) were found for child-reported posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and parent-reported child coping, indicating that the immediate treatment group showed greater reductions in PTSD and improvements in coping compared with the delayed group...
March 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629186/systematic-review-of-acute-physically-active-learning-and-classroom-movement-breaks-on-children-s-physical-activity-cognition-academic-performance-and-classroom-behaviour-understanding-critical-design-features
#9
Andy J Daly-Smith, Stephen Zwolinsky, Jim McKenna, Phillip D Tomporowski, Margaret Anne Defeyter, Andrew Manley
Objective: To examine the impact of acute classroom movement break (CMB) and physically active learning (PAL) interventions on physical activity (PA), cognition, academic performance and classroom behaviour. Design: Systematic review. Data sources: PubMed, EBSCO, Academic Search Complete, Education Resources Information Center, PsycINFO, SPORTDiscus, SCOPUS and Web of Science. Eligibility criteria for selecting studies: Studies investigating school-based acute bouts of CMB or PAL on (PA), cognition, academic performance and classroom behaviour...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628765/low-rate-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-among-schoolgirls-in-lebanon-barriers-to-vaccination-with-a-focus-on-mothers-knowledge-about-available-vaccines
#10
Maria J Abou El-Ola, Mariam A Rajab, Dania I Abdallah, Ismail A Fawaz, Lyn S Awad, Hani M Tamim, Ahmad O Ibrahim, Anas M Mugharbil, Rima A Moghnieh
Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is an established predisposing factor of cervical cancer. In this study, we assessed the awareness about genital warts, cervical cancer, and HPV vaccine among mothers having girls who are at the age of primary HPV vaccination attending a group of schools in Lebanon. We also assessed the rate of HPV vaccination among these girls and the barriers to vaccination in this community. Subjects and methods: This is a cross-sectional, school-based survey...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625623/facilitators-and-barriers-to-the-delivery-of-school-based-smoking-prevention-interventions-for-children-and-young-people-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#11
Fiona Dobbie, Kathryn Angus, Hannah Littlecott, Karen Allum, Valerie Wells, Amanda Amos, Sally Haw, Linda Bauld
BACKGROUND: Despite a decline in child and adult smoking prevalence, young people who smoke (even occasionally) can rapidly become addicted to nicotine, with most adult smokers initiating smoking before they are 18. Schools have long been a popular setting to deliver youth smoking prevention interventions, but evidence of the effectiveness of school-based prevention programmes is mixed, and outcomes vary by the type of programme delivered. Existing systematic reviews that explore the factors contributing to the success or failure of school-based smoking prevention programmes often exclude qualitative studies, due to a focus on intervention effectiveness which qualitative research cannot answer...
April 6, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625487/parapapillary-gamma-zone-and-progression-of-myopia-in-school-children-the-beijing-children-eye-study
#12
Yin Guo, Li Juan Liu, Ping Tang, Yi Feng, Yan Yun Lv, Min Wu, Liang Xu, Jost B Jonas
Purpose: To assess the development and enlargement of the parapapillary gamma zone in school children. Methods: This school-based prospective longitudinal study included Chinese children attending grade 1 in 2011 and returning for yearly follow-up examinations until 2016. These examinations consisted of a comprehensive ocular examination with biometry and color fundus photographs. The parents underwent a standardized interview. The parapapillary gamma zone was defined as the area with visible sclera at the temporal optic disc margin, and the optic disc itself was measured on fundus photographs...
March 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625425/school-based-speech-language-pathologists-perspectives-on-diagnostic-decision-making
#13
Katrina Fulcher-Rood, Anny P Castilla-Earls, Jeff Higginbotham
Purpose: This study used a structured open interview approach to elicit information from school-based speech-language pathologists (SLPs) regarding their assessment practices for children with suspected language impairment. Method: Phone interviews were conducted with 39 school-based SLPs who were employed across the United States. The interviews explored assessment topics related to assessment tool selection and rationale and the integration of assessment data to determine treatment eligibility...
April 6, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621800/improving-narrative-production-in-children-with-language-disorders-an-early-stage-efficacy-study-of-a-narrative-intervention-program
#14
Sandra L Gillam, Abbie Olszewski, Katie Squires, Katie Wolfe, Timothy Slocum, Ronald B Gillam
Purpose: As noted in this forum, more research is needed to support the work of school-based speech-language pathologists who are designing and implementing interventions for students with language disorders. This article presents the findings of a multiple-baseline, single-subject study that was conducted to assess the outcomes of an intervention designed to improve narrative discourse proficiency for children with language disorders. Method: Four school-age children with language disorders that included deficits in narration received an experimental version of a 3-phase narrative language intervention program called Supporting Knowledge in Language and Literacy (Gillam, Gillam, & Laing, 2014)...
April 5, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621799/curriculum-based-language-assessment-with-culturally-and-linguistically-diverse-students-in-the-context-of-mathematics
#15
Brandi L Newkirk-Turner, Valerie E Johnson
Purpose: The purpose of this tutorial is to discuss the use of curriculum-based language assessment (CBLA) with students who are English language learners and students who speak nonmainstream varieties of English, such as African American English. Method: The article begins with a discussion of the discourse of mathematics and the role of the speech-language pathologist (SLP), followed by a review of studies that includes those that examined the performance of English language learner and nonmainstream dialect-speaking students on word-based math items...
April 5, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621797/curriculum-based-language-interventions-what-who-why-where-and-how
#16
Ashley Bourque Meaux, Janet A Norris
Purpose: School-based speech-language pathologists (SLPs) have been asked to be contributors to the educational curriculum (American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, 2010). The aim of this tutorial is to provide elementary school-based SLPs with a guide to explore curriculum-based language interventions (CBLIs) in their practices. Method: In this tutorial, the authors (a) describe CBLI, (b) review the existing literature available to guide this type of practice in elementary school, (c) provide examples of how we have explored CBLIs, and (d) discuss the existing barriers for implementing CBLIs in schools...
April 5, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621795/unique-contributors-to-the-curriculum-from-research-to-practice-for-speech-language-pathologists-in-schools
#17
Rachel K Powell
Purpose: This lead article of the Clinical Forum focuses on the research that supports why speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are an integral part of the overarching curriculum for all students in schools. Method: Focus on education has shifted to student performance in our global world, specifically in college and career readiness standards. This article reviews recommendations on best practice from the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association on SLPs' roles in schools, as well as data on school-based services...
April 5, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621794/introduction-to-the-clinical-forum-exploring-curriculum-based-language-assessment-and-interventions
#18
Ashley Bourque Meaux
Purpose: The purpose of this article is to introduce the Clinical Forum: Exploring Curriculum-Based Language Assessment and Interventions, which investigates the current evidence supporting curriculum-based language intervention and assessment. Method: This introduction highlights the need for speech-language pathologists to approach intervention with knowledge of the best evidence available and highlights the 6 articles presented in this clinical forum. Conclusion: The articles in this clinical forum shed light on the current state of the evidence for curriculum-based language intervention and assessment across the educational continuum...
April 5, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618369/clinical-characteristics-of-headache-in-italian-adolescents-aged-11-16-years-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-school-based-study
#19
Thomas Foiadelli, Alessandra Piccorossi, Lucia Sacchi, Mara De Amici, Maurizio Tucci, Ilaria Brambilla, Gian Luigi Marseglia, Salvatore Savasta, Alberto Verrotti
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine headache characteristics, impact on daily activities and medication attitudes among a large sample of adolescents in Italy. METHODS: Secondary school classes were randomly selected from a national stratified multistage sampling. Data regarding socio-familial factors, headache characteristics, impact on daily activities and medication use were recorded with an anonymous multiple-choice questionnaire. RESULTS: The survey involved 2064 adolescents...
April 4, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616941/microbiological-chemical-quality-of-meals-in-the-school-based-program-on-food-aid-and-healthy-nutrition-promotion-diatrofi-the-linkage-with-hygiene-practices-observed-during-inspections-in-food-suppliers-facilities
#20
Panagiotis Georgakopoulos, Christina-Maria Kastorini, Matina Kouvari, Anastasia Pantazopoulou, Ioanna Markaki, Anna-Maria Haviaris, Afroditi Veloudaki, Athena Linos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
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