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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544637/prevalence-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-autistic-symptoms-in-a-school-based-cohort-of-children-in-kolkata-india
#1
Alokananda Rudra, Matthew K Belmonte, Parmeet Kaur Soni, Saoni Banerjee, Shaneel Mukerji, Bhismadev Chakrabarti
Despite housing ∼18% of the world's population, India does not yet have an estimate of prevalence of autism. This study was carried out to estimate the prevalence of autism in a selected population of school-children in India. N = 11,849 children (mean age = 5.9 [SD = 1.3], 39.5% females) were selected from various school types from three boroughs in Kolkata, India. Parents/caregivers and teachers filled in the social and communication disorders checklist (SCDC). Children meeting cutoff on parent-reported SCDC were followed up with the social communication questionnaire (SCQ)...
May 25, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544093/adolescents-exposure-to-paid-alcohol-advertising-on-television-and-their-alcohol-use-exploring-associations-over-a-13-year-period
#2
V White, D Azar, A Faulkner, K Coomber, S Durkin, M Livingston, T Chikritzhs, R Room, M Wakefield
AIMS: To determine i) whether Australian adolescents' exposure to television alcohol advertisements changed between 1999 and 2011 and ii) examine the association between television alcohol advertising and adolescent drinking behaviours. DESIGN: Cross-sectional surveys conducted every three years between 1999 and 2011. Analyses examined associations between advertising exposures and reported drinking. SETTING: Five Australian major cities. PARTICIPANTS: Students aged 12-17 years participating in a triennial nationally representative school-based survey residing in the television advertising markets associated with the major cities (sample size range per survey: 12644 to 16004)...
May 20, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542399/cost-effectiveness-of-a-school-based-health-promotion-program-in-canada-a-life-course-modeling-approach
#3
John Paul Ekwaru, Arto Ohinmaa, Bach Xuan Tran, Solmaz Setayeshgar, Jeffrey A Johnson, Paul J Veugelers
BACKGROUND: The Alberta Project Promoting active Living and healthy Eating in Schools (APPLE Schools) has been recognized as a "best practice" in preventing childhood obesity. To inform decision making on the economic implications of APPLE Schools and to justify investment, we evaluated the project's cost-effectiveness following a life-course approach. METHODS: We developed a state transition model for the lifetime progression of body weight status comparing elementary school students attending APPLE Schools and control schools...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542182/modelling-the-transmission-and-control-strategies-of-varicella-among-school-children-in-shenzhen-china
#4
Xiujuan Tang, Shi Zhao, Alice P Y Chiu, Hanwu Ma, Xu Xie, Shujiang Mei, Dongfeng Kong, Yanmin Qin, Zhigao Chen, Xin Wang, Daihai He
OBJECTIVES: Varicella (chickenpox) is a highly transmissible childhood disease. Between 2010 and 2015, it displayed two epidemic waves annually among school populations in Shenzhen, China. However, their transmission dynamics remain unclear and there is no school-based vaccination programme in Shenzhen to-date. In this study, we developed a mathematical model to compare a school-based vaccination intervention scenario with a baseline (i.e. no intervention) scenario. METHODS: Data on varicella reported cases were downloaded from the Infectious Disease Reporting Information Management System...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541080/state-special-education-criteria-for-identifying-intellectual-disability-a-review-following-revised-diagnostic-criteria-and-rosa-s-law
#5
Patrick J McNicholas, Randy G Floyd, Isaac L Woods, Leah J Singh, Meredith S Manguno, Kathrin E Maki
Across the last century, the condition known as intellectual disability (ID) has been labeled by assorted terms, its key features have varied, and recommendations for its identification have been divided. In light of recent changes to the diagnostic criteria for ID and to federal legislation, this study was designed to compile and summarize information about the state special education criteria for this condition and its associated assessment process, as they guide school-based and associated practices. Authors independently double-coded components of all ID regulations and guidelines from the 50 United States and the District of Columbia in pairs, which was then checked and corrected for inconsistencies...
May 25, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538927/feasibility-of-using-of-a-simplified-question-in-assessing-diet-quality-of-adolescents
#6
Paulo Rogério Melo Rodrigues, Regina Maria Veras Gonçalves-Silva, Márcia Gonçalves Ferreira, Rosangela Alves Pereira
This study aims to analyze the applicability of a simplified question in assessing diet quality of adolescents in a cross-sectional school-based study carried out in a sample of high school students. Diet quality self-perception was obtained when the participant was inquired about own diet considering "excellent", "good", "fair" or "poor" responses. We evaluated meals habits and food intake through food frequency questionnaire. The revised version of the Brazilian Healthy Eating Index (BHEI-R) was estimated and we identified three dietary patterns using factor analysis...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538791/inconsistent-reports-of-risk-behavior-among-brazilian-middle-school-students-national-school-based-survey-of-adolescent-health-pense-2009-2012
#7
Dandara de Oliveira Ramos, Martin Daly, Maria Lucia Seidl-de-Moura, Rafael Tavares Jomar, Paulo Nadanovsky
This study assessed the consistency of self-reports of risk behavior (overall and within four specific domains: alcohol use, tobacco use, drug use, and sexual activity) in two editions of the Brazilian National School Based Survey of Adolescent Health (PeNSE): 2009 and 2012. The overall proportion of cases with at least one inconsistent response in the two editions was 11.7% (2.7% on the alcohol items, 2.1% for drug use, 4.3% for cigarette use, 3% for sexual activity) and 22.7% (12.8% on alcohol items, 2.5% for drug use, 4...
May 18, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538790/challenges-for-conducting-blood-collection-and-biochemical-analysis-in-a-large-multicenter-school-based-study-with-adolescents-lessons-from-erica-in-brazil
#8
Felipe Vogt Cureau, Katia Vergetti Bloch, Aline Henz, Camila W Schaan, Carlos Henrique Klein, Cecília Lacroix de Oliveira, Denise Tavares Giannini, Elisa Brosina de Leon, Gabriela de Azevedo Abreu, Gabriela Heiden Telo, Glauber Monteiro Dias, Kênia Mara Baiocchi de Carvalho, Laura Augusta Barufaldi, Maria Cristina Caetano Kuschnir, Moyses Szklo, Renan Montenegro, Thiago Luiz Nogueira da Silva, Ulf Ekelund, Beatriz D Schaan
The Study of Cardiovascular Risk in Adolescents (ERICA) is a pioneering study that aimed to assess the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, including metabolic syndrome components in Brazilian adolescents. This study aims to describe the methodological aspects related to blood collection as well as to report pertaining results of the preparation, transport, storage, and exams in ERICA. Exams in ERICA were performed in a single laboratory and blood samples were collected in schools in a standardized manner...
May 18, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537365/approximal-caries-increment-in-relation-to-baseline-approximal-caries-prevalence-among-adolescents-in-sweden-with-and-without-a-school-based-fluoride-varnish-programme
#9
U M Sköld
Objective: Approximal surfaces are a focal point for caries prevention among adolescents in Sweden and the aims of this study were therefore to evaluate approximal caries incidence and caries progression among adolescents with and without a three-year school-based fluoride varnish programme in relation to approximal caries prevalence at baseline. Basic research design: In all, 758 (89%) 13-year-olds completed the three-year randomised controlled trial. They all used fluoride toothpaste at home and had regular dental check-ups at the public dental clinics...
December 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537345/epidemiological-study-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-in-eastern-china
#10
Yu Zheng, Yini Dang, Xiaojun Wu, Yan Yang, Jan D Reinhardt, Chengqi He, Mansang Wong
OBJECTIVE: Previous epidemiological studies of adole-scent idiopathic scoliosis in mainland China have had diverse results. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine the epidemiology of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis based on a representative sample city, Wuxi, in eastern China. METHODS: Primary and secondary school students aged 10-16 years were enrolled in the study. Physical examination and Adam's forward bending test, combined with scoliometer measurements were performed at school-based screening...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536552/the-effectiveness-of-a-new-school-based-media-literacy-intervention-on-adolescents-doping-attitudes-and-supplements-use
#11
Fabio Lucidi, Luca Mallia, Fabio Alivernini, Andrea Chirico, Sara Manganelli, Federica Galli, Valeria Biasi, Arnaldo Zelli
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a media literacy intervention targeting, for the first time, the specific topic of Performance and Appearance Enhancing Substances (PAESs) use in high-school students. Overall, 389 students (52% male) aged between 13 and 19 years (mean = 16.56 year; SD = 1.26) participated to a media literacy intervention (i.e., "intervention group") while 103 students aged between 14 and 19 year (mean = 16.10 year; SD = 1.38) were considered as the control group (i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535753/anxiety-and-depression-symptoms-and-alcohol-use-among-adolescents-%C3%A2-a-cross-sectional-study-of-norwegian-secondary-school-students
#12
Espen Lund Johannessen, Helle Wessel Andersson, Johan Håkon Bjørngaard, Kristine Pape
BACKGROUND: We investigated the associations between symptoms of anxiety and depression and alcohol drinking behavior among adolescents, by focusing on the importance of symptom load, as well as gender differences. METHODS: Data was derived from a cross-sectional school based survey among adolescents in upper secondary schools in Norway. Among other variables adolescents reported on symptoms of anxiety and depression, time of onset and extent of alcohol use. The sample consisted of 6238 adolescents aged 16-18 years...
May 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535750/prevalence-of-intestinal-parasitic-infections-and-associated-risk-factors-among-students-at-dona-berber-primary-school-bahir-dar-ethiopia
#13
Tamirat Hailegebriel
BACKGROUND: Intestinal parasitic infections are still one of the major health concerns in developing countries. Monitoring of intestinal parasitic infection and associated risk factors are essential for intervention strategies. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection and associated risk factors among students at Dona Berber primary school, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia. METHODS: School based cross-sectional study was conducted among students at Dona Berber primary school from October 2015 to June 2016...
May 23, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535706/-contraceptive-care-for-adolescents-in-school-based-health-centers-is-essential
#14
Alison Moriarty Daley, E Carol Polifroni
Adolescents often face hurdles that may interfere with accessing contraceptive services. School-based health centers (SBHCs) are available to many teens in the United States; however, only half of SBHCs that serve adolescents are permitted to provide contraception. The aim of this descriptive phenomenological study was to describe the lived experience of nurse practitioners (NPs) providing contraceptive care to teens in SBHCs. Twelve NPs were interviewed and Colaizzi's method of descriptive phenomenological analysis was used to describe the lived experience of NPs providing contraceptive care to adolescents in SBHCs...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529370/prevention-early-intervention-and-harm-reduction-of-substance-use-in-adolescents
#15
R C Jiloha
This paper presents a systematic review on the effectiveness of prevention, early intervention, and harm reduction including treatment of substance abuse among adolescents for tobacco, alcohol and illicit drugs. Taxation, public consumption bans, restriction on advertisements, and minimum legal age for consumption, are effective measures to reduce the use of tobacco and alcohol. School-based prevention and skill-training interventions are effective tools to reduce substance use among adolescents. Social norms and intervention to reduce substance use in adolescents do not have strong evidence of effectiveness...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529114/perceptions-of-healthy-eating-amongst-indian-adolescents-in-india-and-canada
#16
Natasha Correa, Divya Rajaraman, Sumathi Swaminathan, Mario Vaz, K G Jayachitra, Scott A Lear, Zubin Punthakee
INTRODUCTION: Dietary patterns have contributed to the rising prevalence of overweight and obesity among Indian adolescents. Yet there are limited studies on their perspectives on healthy eating. The purpose of this study was to understand perceptions and attitudes of Indian-origin adolescents in India and Canada that may contribute to healthy eating behaviour. METHODS: Qualitative data collection and analysis of 13 focus group discussions (FGD) was conducted among 34 boys and 39 girls (total number of participants: 73) of different weight and socioeconomic status (SES) in rural and urban India, and urban Canada aged 11-18 years...
May 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525438/slowing-bmi-growth-trajectories-in-elementary-school-aged-children-the-northeast-iowa-food-and-fitness-initiative
#17
Loren L Toussaint, Kristin Housholder, Katelyn Janssen, Ann Mansfield, Brian A Lynch
This project examines the Northeast Iowa Food and Fitness Initiative, a policy-, community-, and school-based effort to slow children's body mass index (BMI) growth over 6 years. Kindergarteners (K) to fifth graders (5) from 10 different school districts participated (N = 4101). Students with 0 to 1 years of initiative exposure showed greater growth in BMI compared with children who had 2 to 6 years of exposure, resulting in K-5 BMI savings of 1.5 points (6 lb) for median-height boys and girls. Results suggest that changes to policies, communities, and schools may provide effective obesity reduction in children...
July 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520485/consumption-of-carbonated-soft-drinks-among-young-adolescents-aged-12-to-15-years-in-53-low-and-middle-income-countries
#18
Lili Yang, Pascal Bovet, Yunxia Liu, Min Zhao, Chuanwei Ma, Yajun Liang, Bo Xi
OBJECTIVES: To compare consumption of carbonated soft drinks among young adolescents in 53 low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). METHODS: We used 2009 to 2013 Global School-based Student Health Survey data to assess 137 449 young adolescents aged 12 to 15 years with available data (via a standardized questionnaire) on frequency of carbonated soft drink consumption. RESULTS: Overall, young adolescents reported having consumed carbonated soft drinks 1...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516465/makingthelink-a-school-based-intervention-to-improve-help-seeking-for-substance-use-problems
#19
Dan I Lubman, Ali Cheetham, Bonita J Berridge, Lisa McKay-Brown
BACKGROUND: Many young people are reluctant to seek professional help for alcohol and other substance use problems, preferring to rely on family and friends. MAKINGtheLINK is a school-based intervention that teaches adolescents how to help their peers overcome barriers to engaging with professional help. The current study examined the effect of the MAKINGtheLINK programme in a sample of 12- to 15-year-old students. METHODS: Participants included 247 Grade 8 students (49% male, 51% female) recruited from 3 schools in Victoria, Australia...
May 18, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512870/school-based-physical-activity-programs-for-promoting-physical-activity-and-fitness-in-children-and-adolescents-aged-6-to-18
#20
Anne Wareing
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
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