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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632496/clustering-of-chronic-diseases-risk-factors-among-adolescents-a-quasi-experimental-study-in-sousse-tunisia
#1
Emna Dendana, Rim Ghammem, Jihene Sahli, Jihen Maatoug, Sihem Ben Fredj, Imed Harrabi, Molka Chaieb, Hassen Ghannem
Background The objective of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a school-based physical activity and nutritional behavior intervention, on the reduction of clustering of chronic diseases risk factors among school children. Materials and methods A quasi-experimental school-based intervention was conducted with an intervention group and a control group in the region of Sousse in Tunisia. The intervention was implemented between 2010 and 2013, with data collected at pre and at post intervention. Studied risk factors were: smoking, sedentary behavior, low fruit and vegetable intake and obesity...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631304/when-and-how-do-students-benefit-from-ethnic-diversity-in-middle-school
#2
Jaana Juvonen, Kara Kogachi, Sandra Graham
The effects of school-based ethnic diversity on student well-being and race-related views were examined during the first year in middle school. To capture the dynamic nature of ethnic exposure, diversity was assessed both at the school-level (n = 26) and based on academic course enrollments of African American, Asian, Latino, and White students (n = 4,302; M = 11.33 years). Across all four pan-ethnic groups, school-level ethnic diversity was associated with lower sense of vulnerability (i.e., feeling safer, less victimized, and less lonely) as well as perceptions of teachers' fair and equal treatment of ethnic groups and lower out-group distance...
June 20, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631234/quality-matters-implementation-moderates-student-outcomes-in-the-paths-curriculum
#3
Neil Humphrey, Alexandra Barlow, Ann Lendrum
Analyses of the relationship between levels of implementation and outcomes of school-based social and emotional learning (SEL) interventions are relatively infrequent and are typically narrowly focused. Thus, our objective was to assess the relationship between variability in a range of implementation dimensions and intervention outcomes in the Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies (PATHS) curriculum. Implementation of PATHS was examined in 69 classrooms across 23 schools in the first year of a major randomized controlled trial...
June 19, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628476/differences-in-physical-activity-eating-habits-and-risk-of-obesity-among-kuwaiti-adolescent-boys-and-girls-a-population-based-study
#4
Hanan E Badr, S Fatima Lakha, Peter Pennefather
The study aimed to assess gender differences among Kuwaiti adolescents in healthy living choices that impact the risk of obesity. A cross-sectional multistage cluster design was employed with a representative sample of 2672 students aged 13-15 years who completed a self-administered Global School-based Student Health (GSHS) survey. The study found that around 48.0% of adolescents were overweight and obese. More boys than girls were obese (28.2% vs. 22.3%, p < 0.0001). However, boys were more likely than girls to report healthy food choices regarding fruit (38...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626536/school-based-health-education-in-yucatan-mexico-about-the-chikungunya-virus-and-mosquito-illness-prevention
#5
Monica Seungah Choo, R Alexander Blackwood
The Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) has been rapidly spreading throughout Latin America, utilizing pre-existing vectors to infiltrate the immunologically naïve populations. With the current rise of the Zika Virus, there is an urgent need for more rigorous vector control efforts to prevent further Zika breakout. We designed a school-based education module on CHIKV and mosquito prevention and presented it to the local students of ages of 6-18 in a rural town called Sudzal in Yucatan, Mexico. We distributed questionnaires before and after education to test the students' knowledge of CHIKV and mosquito prevention...
May 31, 2017: Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625973/prevalence-and-correlates-of-electronic-cigarette-use-among-canadian-students-cross-sectional-findings-from-the-2014-15-canadian-student-tobacco-alcohol-and-drugs-survey
#6
Annie Montreuil, Marjorie MacDonald, Mark Asbridge, T Cameron Wild, David Hammond, Steve Manske, Erin Rutherford
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, youth tobacco use has declined, and electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) have entered the market. The aims of this study were to describe the prevalence of e-cigarette use among youth in Canada, by province, across sociodemographic variables and smoking-related correlates; and to examine associations among e-cigarette use, sociodemographic variables and smoking-related correlates, with adjustment for other factors. METHODS: The 2014/15 Canadian Student Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey, a biennial, school-based survey, was administered to students in grades 6-12 in all Canadian provinces...
June 14, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625012/the-effects-of-school-based-condom-availability-programs-caps-on-condom-acquisition-use-and-sexual-behavior-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Timothy Wang, Mark Lurie, Darshini Govindasamy, Catherine Mathews
We conducted a systematic review to assess the impact of school-based condom availability programs (CAPs) on condom acquisition, use and sexual behavior. We searched PubMed to identify English-language studies evaluating school-based CAPs that reported process (i.e. number of condoms distributed or used) and sexual behavior measures. We identified nine studies that met our inclusion criteria, with the majority conducted in the United States of America. We judged most studies to have medium risk of bias. Most studies showed that school-based CAPs increased the odds of students obtaining condoms (odds ratios (ORs) for individual studies ranged between 1...
June 17, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624602/the-mediating-effects-of-depressive-symptoms-and-sleep-quality-on-the-relationship-between-the-non-medical-use-of-prescription-drugs-and-suicidal-behaviors-among-chinese-adolescents
#8
Juan Wang, Yan Xu, Lan Guo, Jian-Xiong Deng, Jing-Hui Huang, Guo-Liang Huang, Xue Gao, Hong Wu, Si-Yuan Pan, Ci-Yong Lu
BACKGROUND: The nature of the relationship between the non-medical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD) and suicide has not been clearly elucidated. Some studies have suggested that the relationship between substance use and suicidal ideation may be spurious and could be explained by other variables. METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study was performed in Guangzhou. A total of 5853 students completed questionnaires and were included in the study. NMUPD, alcohol use, illicit drug use, depressive symptoms, sleep quality, and suicidal behaviors were assessed...
June 15, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619649/the-school-inner-city-asthma-intervention-study-design-rationale-methods-and-lessons-learned
#9
Wanda Phipatanakul, Petros Koutrakis, Brent A Coull, Choong-Min Kang, Jack M Wolfson, Stephen T Ferguson, Carter R Petty, Mihail Samnaliev, Amparito Cunningham, William J Sheehan, Jonathan M Gaffin, Sachin N Baxi, Peggy S Lai, Perdita Permaul, Liming Liang, Peter S Thorne, Gary Adamkiewicz, Kasey J Brennan, Andrea A Baccarelli, Diane R Gold
Asthma is the most common chronic disease of childhood in the United States, causes significant morbidity, particularly in the inner-city, and accounts for billions of dollars in health care utilization. Home environments are established sources of exposure that exacerbate symptoms and home-based interventions are effective. However, elementary school children spend 7 to 12h a day in school, primarily in one classroom. From the observational School Inner-City Asthma Study we learned that student classroom-specific exposures are associated with worsening asthma symptoms and decline in lung function...
June 12, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617854/choroidal-thickness-in-school-children-the-gobi-desert-children-eye-study
#10
Dan Zhu, Yan Wang, Yan Fei Zheng, Da Yong Yang, Kai Guo, Xian Rong Yang, Xin Xia Jing, Ian Y Wong, Qi Sheng You, Yong Tao, Jost B Jonas
PURPOSE: To investigate choroidal thickness (CT) and its associations in children in a school-based study. METHODS: The cross-sectional school-based Gobi Desert Children Eye Study included 1565 out of 1911 (81.9%) eligible children from all schools in the oasis region of Ejina in the Gobi Desert. A detailed ophthalmic examination was performed, including spectral-domain optical coherence tomography with enhanced depth imaging for CT measurement. RESULTS: CT measurements were available for 1463 (93...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615011/lessons-from-implementing-mass-drug-administration-for-soil-transmitted-helminths-among-pre-school-aged-children-during-school-based-deworming-program-at-the-kenyan-coast
#11
Rosemary M Musuva, Elizabeth Matey, Janet Masaku, Gladys Odhiambo, Faith Mwende, Isaac Thuita, Jimmy Kihara, Doris Njomo
BACKGROUND: The 2012 London declaration which committed to "sustaining, expanding and extending drug access programmes to ensure the necessary supply of drugs and other interventions to help control soil-transmitted helminths (STH) by 2020" has seen many countries in Africa roll out mass drug administration (MDA) especially among school age children. In Kenya, however, during the National school-based deworming exercise, pre-school aged children (PSAC) have to access treatment at primary schools as the pre-school teachers are not trained to carry out deworming...
June 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614826/under-what-conditions-do-water-intervention-studies-significantly-improve-child-body-weight
#12
Jodi D Stookey
There are particular conditions that may optimize the effects of drinking-water interventions on body weight change and risk of obesity. Strategic planning to create and sustain conditions for optimal effects of drinking water may maximize the impact of school-based interventions to reduce childhood obesity. This paper proposes questions about the target population, type of diet and activity level that will be maintained during the intervention, and planned intervention message(s). The proposed questions are motivated by conditions associated with significant effects of drinking water in randomized controlled trials...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613961/school-based-multi-tiered-systems-of-support-mtss-an-introduction-to-mtss-for-neuropsychologists
#13
Danielle Wexler
When completing pediatric neuropsychological evaluations, it is important for clinicians to incorporate data from children's school environments. Today, the educational data available to neuropsychologists have resulted from the utilization of multi-tiered systems of support (MTSS) within schools; however, practitioners may lack knowledge and/or training in this school-based approach to assessment and intervention. Better understanding of MTSS may aid pediatric neuropsychologists in their interpretation and use of educational data commonly provided by schools...
June 14, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607527/school-opportunity-hoarding-racial-segregation-and-access-to-high-growth-schools
#14
Paul Hanselman, Jeremy E Fiel
Persistent school segregation may allow advantaged groups to hoard educational opportunities and consign minority students to lower-quality educational experiences. Although minority students are concentrated in low-achieving schools, relatively little previous research directly links segregation to measures of school quality based on student achievement growth, which more plausibly reflect learning opportunities. Using a dataset of public elementary schools in California, this study provides the first analysis detailing the distribution of a growth-based measure of school quality using standard inequality indices, allowing disparities to be decomposed across geographic and organizational scales...
March 2017: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606136/cost-analysis-of-a-school-based-comprehensive-malaria-program-in-primary-schools-in-sikasso-region-mali
#15
Roberta Maccario, Saba Rouhani, Tom Drake, Annie Nagy, Modibo Bamadio, Seybou Diarra, Souleymane Djanken, Natalie Roschnik, Siân E Clarke, Moussa Sacko, Simon Brooker, Josselin Thuilliez
BACKGROUND: The expansion of malaria prevention and control to school-aged children is receiving increasing attention, but there are still limited data on the costs of intervention. This paper analyses the costs of a comprehensive school-based intervention strategy, delivered by teachers, that included participatory malaria educational activities, distribution of long lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLIN), and Intermittent Parasite Clearance in schools (IPCs) in southern Mali. METHODS: Costs were collected alongside a randomised controlled trial conducted in 80 primary schools in Sikasso Region in Mali in 2010-2012...
June 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601622/a-school-based-rope-skipping-program-for-adolescents-results-of-a-randomized-trial
#16
Amy S Ha, Chris Lonsdale, Johan Y Y Ng, David R Lubans
Despite physical education's health enhancing potential, students' activity levels in lessons are low. We evaluated a school-based intervention that involved rope skipping on students' moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in physical education. The intervention was evaluated using a clustered randomized controlled trial in 24 classes (N=731 students; M=14.38years; all from Secondary 2) from 12 Hong Kong schools during September to December 2013. The primary outcome was percentage of lesson time spent in MVPA...
June 7, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596905/mental-health-training-for-secondary-school-teachers-in-haiti-a-mixed-methods-prospective-formative-research-study-of-feasibility-acceptability-and-effectiveness-in-knowledge-acquisition
#17
E Eustache, M E Gerbasi, M C Smith Fawzi, J R Fils-Aimé, J Severe, G J Raviola, R Legha, S Darghouth, D J Grelotti, T Thérosmé, E L Pierre, E Affricot, Y Alcindor, M B Stack, A E Becker
BACKGROUND: Engagement and training of educators in student mental health holds promise for promoting access to care as a task sharing strategy but has not been well-studied in low-income regions. METHODS: We used a prospective and convergent mixed methods design to evaluate a customized school mental health 2½ day training for teachers in rural Haiti (n = 22) as the initial component of formative research developing a school-based intervention to promote student mental health...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596058/adolescents-unhealthy-eating-habits-are-associated-with-meal-skipping
#18
Paulo Rogério Melo Rodrigues, Ronir Raggio Luiz, Luana Silva Monteiro, Márcia Gonçalves Ferreira, Regina Maria Veras Gonçalves-Silva, Rosangela Alves Pereira
OBJECTIVE: Meal consumption and diet quality are important for healthy development during adolescence. The aim of this study was to determine the association between meal habits and diet quality in Brazilian adolescents. METHODS: A school-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in 2008 with a probabilistic sample of adolescents ages 14 to 19 y (N = 1139) from high schools in central-western Brazil. Consumption of breakfast, morning snack, lunch, afternoon snack, and dinner was assessed to evaluate adolescents' meal profile...
April 5, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594249/a-pilot-randomized-trial-of-school-based-administration-of-inhaled-corticosteroids-for-at-risk-children-with-asthma
#19
Cherise B Harrington, Eric Langhans, Deborah Q Shelef, Molly Savitz, Colleen Whitmore, Stephen J Teach
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether high adherence to inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) among disadvantaged urban public school children on public insurance with persistent asthma is achievable by having school nurses administer morning doses on each day that school is in session. DESIGN/METHODS: This was a pilot prospective randomized clinical trial of home versus school nurse-administered ICS among children on Medicaid enrolled in grades K-8. The primary outcome was the proportion of expected morning doses of ICS given to the intervention group in school over the 60-day treatment period...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593124/pragmatic-evaluation-of-the-go2play-active-play-intervention-on-physical-activity-and-fundamental-movement-skills-in-children
#20
Avril Johnstone, Adrienne R Hughes, Xanne Janssen, John J Reilly
Active play is a novel approach to addressing low physical activity levels and fundamental movement skills (FMS) in children. This study aimed to determine if a new school-based, 'Go2Play Active Play' intervention improved school day physical activity and FMS. This was a pragmatic evaluation conducted in Scotland during 2015-16. Participants (n = 172; mean age = 7 years) were recruited from seven primary schools taking part in the 5-month intervention, plus 24 participants not receiving the intervention were recruited to act as a comparison group...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
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