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Susan O Griffin, Liang Wei, Barbara F Gooch, Katherine Weno, Lorena Espinoza
BACKGROUND: Tooth decay is one of the greatest unmet treatment needs among children. Pain and suffering associated with untreated dental disease can lead to problems with eating, speaking, and learning. School-based dental sealant programs (SBSP) deliver a highly effective intervention to prevent tooth decay in children who might not receive regular dental care. SBSPs benefits exceed their costs when they target children at high risk for tooth decay. METHODS: CDC used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2014 to estimate current prevalences of sealant use and untreated tooth decay among low-income (≤185% of federal poverty level) and higher-income children aged 6-11 years and compared these estimates with 1999-2004 NHANES data...
October 21, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Denise D Walker, Robert S Stephens, Claire E Blevins, Kelsey E Banes, Lauren Matthews, Roger A Roffman
OBJECTIVE: Brief interventions for adolescent marijuana users offered in schools reach users who would not otherwise present for treatment. The current study builds on previous trials of a school-based, 2-session motivational enhancement therapy (MET) intervention by adding periodic, brief motivational check-ins to reinforce gains and bolster motivation. METHOD: Adolescent participants were randomly assigned to a motivational check-in (MCI; n = 128) or assessment-only check-in (ACI; n = 124) comparison condition...
November 2016: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Arlene M McGarty, Victoria Penpraze, Craig A Melville
BACKGROUND: Valid objective measurement is integral to increasing our understanding of physical activity and sedentary behaviours. However, no population-specific cut points have been calibrated for children with intellectual disabilities. Therefore, this study aimed to calibrate and cross-validate the first population-specific accelerometer intensity cut points for children with intellectual disabilities. METHODS: Fifty children with intellectual disabilities were randomly assigned to the calibration (n = 36; boys = 28, 9...
2016: PloS One
Abdulrahman O Musaiger, Mariam Al-Mannai, Ahmad R Al-Haifi, Fatima Nabag, Jalila Elati, Nada Abahussain, Reema Tayyem, Marwan Jalambo, Mofida Benhamad, Berivan Al-Mufty
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to highlight the prevalence of overweight and obesity among adolescents in eight Arab countries. METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted in eight Arab countries: Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Libya, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Sudan and Tunisia. The total sample included was 6,447 adolescents aged 15-18 years (3,111 males, 3,336 females). The International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) and World Health Organization (WHO) reference standards were used to determine obesity levels...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Kelly W Reeves, Yhenneko Taylor, Hazel Tapp, Thomas Ludden, Lindsay E Shade, Beth Burton, Cheryl Courtlandt, Michael Dulin
OBJECTIVE: Asthma is a common childhood chronic lung disease affecting greater than 10% of children in the United States. School nurses are in a unique position to close gaps in care. Indeed, effective asthma management is more likely to result when providers, family, and schools work together to optimize the patient's treatment plan. Currently, effective communication between schools and healthcare systems through electronic medical record (EMR) systems remains a challenge. The goal of this feasibility pilot was to link the school-based care team with primary care providers in the healthcare system network via electronic communication through the EMR, on behalf of pediatric asthma patients who had been hospitalized for an asthma exacerbation...
October 19, 2016: Applied Clinical Informatics
Sonya Nicholl, Holly Seale, Vicky Sheppeard, Sue Campbell-Lloyd
INTRODUCTION: In response to a significant increase of measles cases and a high percentage of unvaccinated adolescents in New South Wales, Australia, a measles high school catch-up vaccination programme was implemented between August and December 2014. This study aimed to explore the factors affecting school-based supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) and to inform future SIA and routine school-based vaccination programme implementation and service provision. METHODS: Focus group analysis was conducted among public health unit (PHU) staff responsible for implementing the SIA catch-up programme...
July 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
A Rosi, M Dall'Asta, F Brighenti, D Del Rio, E Volta, I Baroni, M Nalin, M Coti Zelati, A Sanna, F Scazzina
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was evaluating if the presence of a humanoid robot could improve the efficacy of a game-based, nutritional education intervention. STUDY DESIGN: This was a controlled, school-based pilot intervention carried out on fourth-grade school children (8-10 years old). A total of 112 children underwent a game-based nutritional educational lesson on the importance of carbohydrates. For one group (n = 58), the lesson was carried out by a nutritional educator, the Master of Taste (MT), whereas for another group, (n = 54) the Master of Taste was supported by a humanoid robot (MT + NAO)...
October 15, 2016: Public Health
M P Molete, L Chola, K J Hofman
BACKGROUND: The burden of untreated tooth decay remains high and oral healthcare utilisation is low for the majority of children in South Africa. There is need for alternative methods of improving access to low cost oral healthcare. The mobile dental unit of the University of the Witwatersrand (Wits) has been operational for over 25 years, providing alternative oral healthcare to children and adults who otherwise would not have access. The aim of this study was to conduct a cost-analysis of a school based oral healthcare program in the Wits mobile dental unit...
October 19, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Judi Kidger, Rhiannon Evans, Kate Tilling, William Hollingworth, Rona Campbell, Tamsin Ford, Simon Murphy, Ricardo Araya, Richard Morris, Bryar Kadir, Aida Moure Fernandez, Sarah Bell, Sarah Harding, Rowan Brockman, Jill Grey, David Gunnell
BACKGROUND: Teachers are reported to be at increased risk of common mental health disorders compared to other occupations. Failure to support teachers adequately may lead to serious long-term mental disorders, poor performance at work (presenteeism), sickness absence and health-related exit from the profession. It also jeopardises student mental health, as distressed staff struggle to develop supportive relationships with students, and such relationships are protective against student depression...
October 18, 2016: BMC Public Health
Shahrzad Jafari-Adli, Mostafa Qorbani, Ramin Heshmat, Shirin Hasani Ranjbar, Ehsaneh Taheri, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Mehdi Noorozi, Omid Safari, Gita Shafiee, Fatemeh Rezaei, Saeid Safiri, Roya Kelishadi
BACKGROUND: Data on stature in Iranian children and adolescents at national level are limited. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of short stature with life satisfaction (LS) and self-rated health (SRH) in children and adolescents. METHODS: Data were obtained from a nationwide survey entitled childhood and adolescence surveillance and prevention of adult non-communicable disease (CASPIAN IV). Participants were 14,880 children and adolescents, aged 6-18 years, who were selected using multistage, cluster sampling method from rural and urban areas of 30 provinces of Iran...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Jeanette M Johnstone, Chelsea Roake, Ifrah Sheikh, Ashlie Mole, Joel T Nigg, Barry Oken
Adolescents are in a high-risk period developmentally, in terms of susceptibility to stress. A mindfulness intervention represents a potentially useful strategy for developing cognitive and emotion regulation skills associated with successful stress coping. Mindfulness strategies have been used successfully for emotional coping in adults, but are not as well studied in youth. This article details a novel proposal for the design of an 8-week randomized study to evaluate a high school-based mindfulness curriculum delivered as part of a two semester health class...
December 15, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
Lena Davidsson, Jameela Al-Ghanim, Tareq Al-Ati, Nawal Al-Hamad, Anwar Al-Mutairi, Lulwa Al-Olayan, Thomas Preston
The aim of this pilot study was to assess body composition and total energy expenditure (TEE) in 35 obese 7-9 years old Kuwaiti children (18 girls and 17 boys). Total body water (TBW) and TEE were assessed by doubly-labeled water technique. TBW was derived from the intercept of the elimination rate of deuterium and TEE from the difference in elimination rates of (18)O and deuterium. TBW was used to estimate fat-free mass (FFM), using hydration factors for different ages and gender. Fat mass (FM) was calculated as the difference between body weight and FFM...
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Feng He, Yuan Ma, Xiangxian Feng, Wanqi Zhang, Laixiang Lin, Xiaohui Guo, Jing Zhang, Wenyi Niu, Yangfeng Wu, Graham MacGregor
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of salt reduction on iodine status and to determine whether iodine consumption was still adequate after salt intake was reduced by ≈25% in northern China where universal salt iodisation is mandatory. DESIGN AND METHOD: We measured 24 h urinary iodine in individuals who participated in School-EduSalt (School-based Education Programme to Reduce Salt), a cluster randomised controlled trial in 28 primary schools (279 children, age 10...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Yuan Ma, Xiangxian Feng, Jing Zhang, Haijun Wang, Jianhui Yuan, Zhifang Li, Yanbo Han, Jianbin Zhang, Feng J He, Graham MacGregor, Yangfeng Wu
OBJECTIVE: To identify the social determinants shaping children's behaviour on salt reduction from a network perspective. DESIGN AND METHOD: School-EduSalt is a cluster-randomized controlled trial carried out in 28 primary schools in northern China involving 279 families (279 children aged 10.1 ± 0.5yrs and 553 adults). A 3.5-month education on salt reduction was delivered to the 14 schools (classes) in the intervention group, of which children and their families achieved a significant reduction in salt intake as measured by 24-hour urine sodium...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Deborah G Loman, Christina G Kwong, Lisa D Henry, Christina Mahl, Lisa Meadows, Alysa G Ellis
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between body mass index (BMI), gender, age, controller medication use, household smoke exposure, season, and allergic rhinitis status with asthma control in a group of lower income, African American children. We hypothesized that non-obese children would have better asthma control. METHODS: Baseline data from a longitudinal study of children in a school-based asthma program in a Midwest urban area were analyzed. 360 children, ages 4-15 years, who were enrolled in either the 2012-2013 or 2013-2014 program were included...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Naja I Beck, Issra Arif, Michelle F Paumier, Kathryn H Jacobsen
OBJECTIVES: The goals of this study were to identify the proportion of early adolescents in southern South America who were injured in the past year, to identify risk behaviours and other exposures associated with injuries, and to evaluate the most common types and causes of injury in this population. METHODS: We used complex samples analysis to examine cross-sectional data from more than 35,000 students from all four countries in South America that participated in the Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS) in 2012-2013...
October 6, 2016: Injury
Chen-Wei Pan, Deng-Juan Qian, Hui Zhu, Jia-Jia Yu, Hu Liu
PURPOSE: We aimed to examine the association between the 5-min Apgar score and reduced vision in children 3 to 6 years of age. METHODS: A total of 5834 preschool children aged 3 to 6 years participated in this school-based eye survey. Reduced vision was defined as unaided distance vision of 6/12 or worse in the better-seeing eye. The 5-min Apgar scores of the participants were retrieved from medical records. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of reduced vision in this population was 6...
October 15, 2016: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Lifei Wang, Zhengzhi Feng, Guoyu Yang, Yaling Yang, Kaifa Wang, Qin Dai, Mengxue Zhao, Chaobing Hu, Rui Zhang, Keyu Liu, Yu Guang, Fan Xia
The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence and correlates of depressive symptoms in a school-based sample of 7-17-year-old children and adolescents in west-central China. A large cross-sectional sample survey of 10657 children and adolescents was conducted in Chongqing, a municipality in west-central China. Data were collected from the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI), Adolescent Self-Rating Life Events Checklist (ASLEC) and social-demographic variables which were evaluated with a structured scale...
September 28, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Sunil V Pawar, Vinay G Zanwar, Ajay S Choksey, Ashok R Mohite, Samit S Jain, Ravindra G Surude, Qais Q Contractor, Pravin M Rathi, Ravi U Verma, Premlata K Varthakavi
:  Background and rationale. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of pediatric liver disease in western countries. Its prevalence in Indian subcontinent is not well studied. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a school based cross sectional study we have screened overweight and obese children in the age group of 11 to 15 years for NAFLD. Ultrasonography, elevated serum transaminases, fibroscan were used for defining NAFLD. Dietary habits, blood pressure, serum lipid profile, blood counts and insulin resistance were recorded...
November 2016: Annals of Hepatology
Sandra G Sosa-Rubi, Biani Saavedra-Avendano, Claudia Piras, S Janae Van Buren, Sergio Bautista-Arredondo
Dating violence is a significant problem in Mexico. National survey data estimated 76 % of Mexican youth have been victims of psychological aggression in their relationships; 15.5 % have experienced physical violence; and 16.5 % of women have been the victims of sexual violence. Female adolescents perpetrate physical violence more frequently than males, while perpetration between genders of other types of violence is unclear. Furthermore, poor, marginalized youth are at a higher risk for experiencing dating violence...
October 14, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
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