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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043910/intersections-of-girl-child-marriage-and-family-planning-beliefs-and-use-qualitative-findings-from-ethiopia-and-india
#1
Katherine A McClendon, Lotus McDougal, Sankari Ayyaluru, Yemeserach Belayneh, Anand Sinha, Jay G Silverman, Anita Raj
Child marriage and subsequent early first birth is a considerable social, economic and health concern, and a pervasive practice in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. This study explores barriers and facilitators to family planning among women and girls, and their marital decision-makers subsequent to receipt of child marriage prevention programmes in Ethiopia and India. In-depth interviews with 128 women and girls who were married as minors or who cancelled or postponed marriage as minors and their marital decision-makers were analysed using content analysis...
October 18, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043156/transition-to-school-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review
#2
Annabel Marsh, Vanessa Spagnol, Rachel Grove, Valsamma Eapen
AIM: To identify factors that promote a positive start to school for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: Web of Science, MEDLINE, Scopus, and PsychINFO searches were conducted to identify literature published after 1991 and relevant to school transition processes in children with ASD. Twenty studies were deemed eligible for inclusion. These studies evaluated a range of factors including school readiness, parent and teacher perspectives on transition practices, characteristics of children with ASD that are associated with successful transition to school and the impact of school based intervention programs...
September 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042722/salutogenesis-a-new-approach-toward-oral-health-promotion
#3
Manpreet Kaur, Ritu Jindal, Rohini Dua, Aanchal Gautam, Ramandeep Kaur
INTRODUCTION: Sense of coherence (SOC) is hypothesized to be an important psychological factor that enables people to cope with stressors and successfully maintain and improve health. Very few publications report on the relationship between "salutogenesis," as measured by the concept of SOC and oral health status. However, little is known about the relationship between the mother's SOC and dental caries of their children. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to explore the impact of mother's SOC level on dental caries status of their children...
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042639/school-based-assessment-of-amblyopia-and-strabismus-among-multiethnic-children-in-rural-china
#4
Chen-Wei Pan, Xuejuan Chen, Hui Zhu, Zhujun Fu, Hua Zhong, Jun Li, Dan Huang, Hu Liu
We aimed to determine the prevalence and possible ethnic variations in strabismus and amblyopia among multiethnic school-aged children in rural China. A total of 9,263 children (4,347 Han, 3,352 Yi, 799 Dai and 765 Bai) aged 6 to 14 years were analyzed. Comprehensive eye examinations including monocular distance visual acuity, anterior segment examination, autorefraction, cover testing and ocular motility were conducted. Manifested strabismus was detected in 3.53% of the overall population. The prevalence of strabismus was 3...
October 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041899/how-effective-are-family-based-and-institutional-nutrition-interventions-in-improving-children-s-diet-and-health-a-systematic-review
#5
Andrew P Black, Katina D'Onise, Robyn McDermott, Hassan Vally, Kerin O'Dea
BACKGROUND: Effective strategies to improve dietary intake in young children are a priority to reduce the high prevalence of chronic non-communicable diseases in adulthood. This study aimed to assess the impact of family-based and school/preschool nutrition programs on the health of children aged 12 or younger, including the sustainability of these impacts and the relevance to socio-economic inequalities. METHODS: A systematic review of literature published from 1980 to December 2014 was undertaken...
October 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038389/association-of-glomerular-filtration-rate-with-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-iranian-adolescents-caspian-iii-study
#6
Ramin Tajbakhsh, Ramin Heshmat, Saeid Safiri, Mahya Vafaeenia, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Morteza Mansourian, Shaghayegh Beshtar, Omid Safari, Hamid Asayesh, Hossein Ansari, Mostafa Qorbani, Roya Kelishadi
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to assess the association of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) with cardiometabolic risk factors in Iranian adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of the 3rd round of a school-based surveillance system entitled "Childhood and Adolescence Surveillance and PreventIon of Adult Non-communicable Disease (CASPIAN III)" study was used for this study. A sample of 367 adolescents aged between 10 and 18 years was randomly selected. Glomerular filtration rate was estimated using the original and the updated Schwartz equations...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038179/effects-of-school-based-intervention-by-emergency-medical-technicians-on-students-and-their-parents-a-community-based-prospective-study-of-the-akashi-project
#7
Shinya Tomari, Chiaki Yokota, Kunihiro Nishimura, Tenyu Hino, Satoshi Ohyama, Takuro Arimizu, Shinichi Wada, Hideyuki Ohnishi, Kazunori Toyoda, Kazuo Minematsu
OBJECTIVE: Stroke lessons for youth provided by emergency medical technicians (EMTs) may be an effective strategy to facilitate early intervention for patients with stroke. The aim of this study was to examine how effective EMT-led lessons on stroke awareness for schoolchildren were at disseminating stroke information. SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND OUTCOME MEASURES: The study was performed in the city of Akashi, Hyogo, Japan (Akashi project). Children (aged 9-10 years old) at 11 public elementary schools and their parents were enrolled in this study...
October 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036317/quality-of-local-school-wellness-policies-for-physical-activity-and-resultant-implementation-in-pennsylvania-schools
#8
E Francis, E Hivner, A Hoke, T Ricci, A Watach, J Kraschnewski
Background: In 2006, United States public schools participating in federal school meal programs were required to adopt school wellness policies. The effect of these policies on school nutrition environments is well documented; however, evaluation of physical activity policies has received less investigation. We aimed to evaluate how district wellness policies aligned to practice for physical activity implementation in 40 schools with high obesity rates (>24%). Methods: Wellness policies were evaluated using the validated Wellness School Assessment Tool (WellSAT)...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031700/cost-benefit-of-comprehensive-primary-and-preventive-school-based-health-care
#9
William V Padula, Katherine A Connor, Josiah M Mueller, Jonathan C Hong, Gabriela Calderon Velazquez, Sara B Johnson
INTRODUCTION: The Rales Health Center is a comprehensive school-based health center at an urban elementary/middle school. Rales Health Center provides a full range of pediatric services using an enriched staffing model consisting of pediatrician, nurse practitioner, registered nurses, and medical office assistant. This staffing model provides greater care but costs more than traditional school-based health centers staffed by part-time nurses. The objective was to analyze the cost benefit of Rales Health Center enhanced staffing model compared with a traditional school-based health center (standard care), focusing on asthma care, which is among the most prevalent chronic conditions of childhood...
October 11, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030694/peer-status-in-relation-to-psychotic-experiences-and-psychosocial-problems-in-adolescents-a-longitudinal-school-based-study
#10
Saliha El Bouhaddani, Lieke van Domburgh, Barbara Schaefer, Theo A H Doreleijers, Wim Veling
Social exclusion is related to many adverse mental health outcomes and may be particularly harmful for mental health in adolescence when peer relations become very important. This study examined associations between low peer status and psychotic experiences, psychosocial problems and short-term courses of these symptoms. A school-based sample of adolescents (N = 1171) was investigated in 2 consecutive years using the 16-item Prodromal Questionnaire and the self-report and teacher-report version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)...
October 13, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026505/indicator-for-success-of-obesity-reduction-programs-in-adolescents-body-composition-or-body-mass-index-evaluating-a-school-based-health-promotion-project-after-12-weeks-of-intervention
#11
Naser Kalantari, Nastaran Keshavarz Mohammadi, Shahram Rafieifar, Hassan Eini-Zinab, Atefeh Aminifard, Hanieh Malmir, Narjes Ashoori, Sheyda Abdi, Maryam Gholamalizadeh, Saeid Doaei
BACKGROUND: Obesity in adolescence is the strongest risk factor for obesity in adulthood. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a comprehensive lifestyle intervention on different anthropometric indices in 12-16-year-old boy adolescents after 12 Weeks of Intervention. METHODS: A total of 96 male adolescents from two schools participated in this study. The schools were randomly assigned to intervention (53 students) and control school (43 students). Height and weight of students were measured and their body mass index (BMI) was calculated...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025501/promoting-the-well-being-of-urban-youth-through-drama-based-peer-education
#12
He Len Chung, André Monday, Alexus Perry
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine youths' perceptions of a drama-based peer education approach to promote adolescent well-being. METHODS: High school students facilitated workshops on one of 7 topics (eg, dating violence) for 4733 urban elementary, middle, and high school students. Audience members' perceptions of workshop content and implementation were examined. RESULTS: Analyses suggest that the peer-led workshops addressed important problems for youth in the community, were an effective way to deliver information about the topics to children and teens, and helped audience members to learn more about the topics and how to make responsible decisions...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025012/enhancing-ear-and-hearing-health-access-for-children-with-technology-and-connectivity
#13
De Wet Swanepoel
Purpose: Technology and connectivity advances are demonstrating increasing potential to improve access of service delivery to persons with hearing loss. This article demonstrates use cases from community-based hearing screening and automated diagnosis of ear disease. Method: This brief report reviews recent evidence for school- and home-based hearing testing in underserved communities using smartphone technologies paired with calibrated headphones. Another area of potential impact facilitated by technology and connectivity is the use of feature extraction algorithms to facilitate automated diagnosis of most common ear conditions from video-otoscopic images...
October 12, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024764/-it-s-pretty-hard-to-tell-your-mom-and-dad-that-you-re-on-a-method-exploring-how-an-app-could-promote-adolescents-communication-with-parents-and-partners-to-increase-self-efficacy-in-long-acting-reversible-contraception-use
#14
Emily B Shakibnia, Sarah E Timmons, Melanie A Gold, Samantha Garbers
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Youth-friendly information and support are integral components to promote adolescents' successful use of Long Acting Reversible Contraception (LARC), and smartphone apps offer a promising medium. To inform content development for an app guided by the Health Belief Model, we conducted interviews with adolescent LARC users to assess self-efficacy and experiences with LARC, their communication with parents and partners about LARC, and how apps could support this communication...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024181/does-the-risk-outweigh-the-benefits-adolescent-responses-to-completing-health-surveys
#15
Thérèse Shaw, Kevin C Runions, Robyn S Johnston, Donna Cross
The aim of this study is to describe the self-reported experiences of adolescents in population-based samples when completing health-related surveys on topics with varying potential for evoking distress. Survey data were collected in three school-based studies of bullying behaviors (N = 1,771, 12-14 years), alcohol use (N = 823, 12, 15, and 17 years), and electronic image sharing (N = 274, 13 years). Between 5% and 15% of respondents reported being upset at survey completion, but at most 1.4% were entirely negative in their evaluation...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023840/associations-between-peer-harassment-and-school-risk-and-protection-profiles
#16
Kari M Gloppen, Amy L Gower, Barbara J McMorris, Marla E Eisenberg
BACKGROUND: Peer harassment can have serious implications for students' success and well-being, and prevention programs need to consider the school context. This study aimed to: (1) identify groups of similar schools based on their risk and protective factors and demographic characteristics and (2) examine associations between school profiles and students' bullying involvement. METHODS: Data came from 505 schools and 122,106 students who completed the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey...
November 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023839/effectiveness-of-a-brief-home-parenting-intervention-for-reducing-early-sexual-risks-among-latino-adolescents-salud-y-%C3%A3-xito
#17
Lydia O'Donnell, Shai Fuxman
BACKGROUND: Teen pregnancy rates and related risks remain elevated among Latino teens. We tested the impact on youth sexual behaviors of a brief, culturally targeted, bilingual media intervention designed for parents of young adolescents. METHODS: Salud y éxito (Health & Success) uses dramatic audio stories to model positive parenting practices. After completing classroom surveys, 27 urban schools in the Northeast and Southwest serving low-income Latino communities were randomized so that all families of seventh grade students were sent either: (1) booklets on healthy eating and exercise; (2) Salud-50, where families either received booklets or the intervention, or (3) Salud-100, where all families received the intervention...
November 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023835/school-based-health-centers-and-adolescent-substance-use-moderating-effects-of-race-ethnicity-and-socioeconomic-status
#18
Melina Bersamin, Mallie J Paschall, Deborah A Fisher
BACKGROUND: School-based health centers (SBHCs) have been associated with many positive health and academic outcomes. The current study extends previous research and examines possible differences in the association between SBHC exposure and adolescent alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use by race/ethnicity, sex, and socioeconomic status (SES). METHODS: California Healthy Kids Survey data from 504 traditional high schools in California were linked with publicly available data on SBHCs and school demographics...
November 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023760/listening-to-teachers-views-on-delivery-of-a-classroom-based-sensory-intervention-for-students-with-autism
#19
Caroline Mills, Christine Chapparo
BACKGROUND/AIM: Occupational therapists consider the impact of autism spectrum disorder on occupational performance at school. Occupational therapists work with teachers to support student participation. Atypical sensory processing is common in children with autism. Therefore, collaborating with teachers to enable students with autism to appropriately process sensory information within classrooms may be necessary. This qualitative pilot study aimed to capture teachers' perceptions of using a Sensory Activity Schedule, a sensory based intervention, in the classroom...
October 12, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023233/compa%C3%A3-eros-high-school-students-mentor-middle-school-students-to-address-obesity-among-hispanic-adolescents
#20
Katherine R Arlinghaus, Jennette P Moreno, Layton Reesor, Daphne C Hernandez, Craig A Johnston
INTRODUCTION: Promotoras, Hispanic community health workers, are frequently employed to promote health behavioral change with culturally bound Hispanic lifestyle behaviors. Peer health mentors have been used in schools to promote healthy nutrition and physical activity behaviors among students. This study investigates the efficacy of combining these 2 approaches by training high school health mentors, called compañeros, to engage Hispanic middle school students in a school-based obesity intervention as a strategy to promote and sustain reductions in standardized body mass index (zBMI)...
October 12, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
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