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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453738/friends-in-activities-school-related-affect-and-academic-outcomes-in-diverse-middle-schools
#1
Casey A Knifsend, Daisy E Camacho-Thompson, Jaana Juvonen, Sandra Graham
Participating in school-based activities is linked to positive academic engagement and achievement, but less is known about how peer relationships within activities affect these outcomes. The current study examined friends in extracurricular activities as a predictor of academic outcomes in multiethnic middle schools in California. Specifically, the mediating role of school belonging, and interactions by ethnicity and type of activity, were examined in a sample including African American or Black, East or Southeast Asian, White, and Latino youth in extracurricular activities (N = 2268; M age = 13...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453711/prevalence-of-dsm-5-autism-spectrum-disorder-among-school-based-children-aged-3-12-years-in-shanghai-china
#2
Zhijuan Jin, You Yang, Shijian Liu, Hong Huang, Xingming Jin
We estimated the prevalence of ASD in a population-based sample comprising children aged 3-12 years (N = 74,252) in Shanghai. This included a high-risk group sampled from special education schools and a low-risk group randomly sampled from general schools. First, we asked parents and then teachers to complete the Social Communication Questionnaire for participating children. Children who screened positive based on both parental and teachers' reports were comprehensively assessed. ASD was identified based on DSM-5 criteria...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453589/validity-of-triglyceride-glucose-index-as-an-indicator-for-metabolic-syndrome-in-children-and-adolescents-the-caspian-v-study
#3
Pooneh Angoorani, Ramin Heshmat, Hanieh-Sadat Ejtahed, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Hasan Ziaodini, Majzoubeh Taheri, Tahereh Aminaee, Azam Goodarzi, Mostafa Qorbani, Roya Kelishadi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the cut-off values of triglycerides and glucose (TyG) index as one of the indirect indices for metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a pediatric population. METHODS: This national study was conducted in 2015 on 14400 students, aged 7-18 years. They were selected by random cluster sampling from 30 provinces of our country during the fifth survey of a national school-based surveillance program. MetS was defined based on the Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III) criteria modified for the pediatric age group...
February 16, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453520/evaluation-of-a-comprehensive-oral-health-services-program-in-school-based-health-centers
#4
Tara Trudnak Fowler, Gregory Matthews, Cydny Black, Hendi Crosby Kowal, Pamella Vodicka, Elizabeth Edgerton
Objectives In 2011, the Maternal and Child Health Bureau, within the Health Resources and Services Administration, awarded a 4-year grant to increase access to and assure the delivery of quality oral health preventive and restorative services to children. The grant was awarded to organizations serving high-need communities through school-based health centers (SBHCs). This article describes an independent evaluation investigating program efficacy, integration, and sustainability. Methods Program process and outcomes data were gathered from interim and final reports...
February 16, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453300/school-based-lifestyle-education-involving-parents-for-reducing-subjective-psychosomatic-symptoms-in-japanese-adolescents-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Junko Watanabe, Mariko Watanabe, Kazue Yamaoka, Misa Adachi, Asuka Nemoto, Toshiro Tango
INTRODUCTION: Severe subjective psychosomatic symptoms (SPS) in adolescents are a major public health concern, and lifestyle modification interventions for reducing SPS are important topics. Recently, we developed a school-based lifestyle education involving parents for reducing SPS of adolescents (SPRAT), an improved version of the programme from our previous study Programme for adolescent of lifestyle education in Kumamoto (PADOK). This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of SPRAT in reducing SPS among adolescents...
February 16, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452124/assessing-the-relationship-between-smoking-and-abdominal-obesity-in-a-national-survey-of-adolescents-in-brazil
#6
Neilane Bertoni, Liz Maria de Almeida, Moysés Szklo, Valeska C Figueiredo, André S Szklo
Abdominal obesity is even a stronger risk factor than overall obesity for noncommunicable chronic diseases. We examined the association between smoking and abdominal obesity among adolescents. Analyses were based on 38,813 subjects aged 15-17 years from the Study of Cardiovascular Risks in Adolescents (ERICA), a Brazilian school-based national survey. Abdominal obesity was defined considering waist circumference (WC) percentiles. Statistical analyses, stratified by sex, considered the sample complex design...
February 13, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451002/healing-stories-an-expressive-narrative-intervention-for-strengthening-resilience-and-survival-skills-in-school-aged-child-victims-of-war-and-political-violence-in-the-gaza-strip
#7
Guido Veronese, Gianpiero Barola
Within a preventive framework, we outline a school-based intervention aimed at strengthening skills of survival and psychological functioning in children who have experienced war and political violence in the Gaza Strip. In accordance with a socio-ecological perspective on wellbeing and resilience, the pilot study aimed at evaluating the outcomes of a psychosocial narrative school-based intervention with a group of school-aged children in the aftermath of war. The intervention was oriented at empowering positive emotions, life satisfaction, and optimism in children as protective factors in preventing posttraumatic reactions after war...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449291/adapting-and-enhancing-pax-good-behavior-game-for-first-nations-communities-a-mixed-methods-study-protocol-developed-with-swampy-cree-tribal-council-communities-in-manitoba
#8
Janique Fortier, Mariette Chartier, Sarah Turner, Nora Murdock, Frank Turner, Jitender Sareen, Tracie O Afifi, Laurence Y Katz, Marni Brownell, James Bolton, Brenda Elias, Corinne Isaak, Roberta Woodgate, Depeng Jiang
INTRODUCTION: High rates of mental health problems, such as suicidal behaviours, among First Nations youth in Canada are a major public health concern. The Good Behavior Game (GBG) is a school-based intervention that provides a nurturing environment for children and has been shown to promote positive outcomes. PAX Good Behavior Game (PAX GBG) is an adaptation and enhancement of the GBG. While PAX GBG has been implemented in Indigenous communities, little research exists examining the cultural and contextual appropriateness and effectiveness of the intervention in First Nations communities...
February 15, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448929/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-a-school-based-dental-caries-prevention-program-using-fluoridated-milk-in-bangkok-thailand
#9
Rodrigo Mariño, Fernando Traub, Puangtong Lekfuangfu, Kornkamol Niyomsilp
BACKGROUND: This study modelled the cost-effectiveness, from a societal perspective, of a program that used fluoridated milk to prevent dental caries in children who were 6 years old at the beginning of the program, versus non-intervention, after 6 years. METHODS: After 6 years, children in the milk-fluoridation program had a significant (34%) reduction in dental caries experience compared to those in the comparison community (i.e., received school milk without added fluoride) (DMFS: 1...
February 15, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448928/prevalence-of-adolescent-physical-activity-related-injuries-in-sports-leisure-time-and-school-the-national-physical-activity-behaviour-study-for-children-and-adolescents
#10
Anu M Räisänen, Sami Kokko, Kati Pasanen, Mari Leppänen, Arja Rimpelä, Jari Villberg, Jari Parkkari
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of adolescent physical activity-related injuries in sports club activities, leisure time physical activity and school-based physical activity. The secondary aim was to investigate the differences in the prevalence of physical activity -related injuries between years 2014 and 2016. In addition, we set out to study the associations between age, sex and the frequency of physical activity and injury prevalence. METHODS: This cross-sectional study is based on the National Physical Activity Behaviour Study for Children and Adolescents (LIITU in Finnish) conducted in years 2014 and 2016...
February 15, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446116/does-integrated-academic-and-health-education-prevent-substance-use-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#11
REVIEW
G J Melendez-Torres, T Tancred, A Fletcher, J Thomas, R Campbell, C Bonell
BACKGROUND: Prevention of substance (alcohol, tobacco, illegal/legal drug) use in adolescents is a public health priority. As the scope for school-based health education is constrained in school timetables, interventions integrating academic and health education have gained traction in the UK and elsewhere, though evidence for their effectiveness remains unclear. We sought to synthesize the effectiveness of interventions integrating academic and health education for the prevention of substance use...
February 15, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444325/evaluation-of-the-dissemination-of-snax-a-middle-school-based-obesity-prevention-intervention-within-a-large-us-school-district
#12
Laura M Bogart, Chong-Min Fu, Jodi Eyraud, Burton O Cowgill, Jennifer Hawes-Dawson, Kimberly Uyeda, David J Klein, Marc N Elliott, Mark A Schuster
Few evidence-based school obesity-prevention programs are disseminated. We used community-based participatory research principles to disseminate an evidence-based middle-school obesity-prevention program, Students for Nutrition and eXercise (SNaX), to a large, primarily Latino, school district. In the 2014-2015 school year, we trained a district "champion" to provide training and technical assistance to schools and supplied print- and web-based materials (www.snaxinschools.org). In one district region, 18 of 26 schools agreed to participate...
February 12, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444293/the-som-la-pera-intervention-sustainability-capacity-evaluation-of-a-peer-led-social-marketing-intervention-to-encourage-healthy-lifestyles-among-adolescents
#13
Elisabet Llauradó, Magaly Aceves-Martins, Lucia Tarro, Ignasi Papell-Garcia, Francesc Puiggròs, Jordi Prades-Tena, Helle Kettner, Lluis Arola, Montse Giralt, Rosa Solà
Sustainability capacity, always considered a challenge, is the ability to maintain effective long-term intervention in a community. The aim of the study was to improve the sustainability capacity of effective "Som la Pera," a school-based, peer-led, social-marketing intervention that encourages healthy diet and physical activity, in low socioeconomic adolescents from Spain. The sustainability capacity was analyzed by a "programme sustainability assessment tool (PSAT)" comprising eight domains: political support, funding stability, partnerships, organizational capacity, programme evaluation, programme adaptation, communications, and strategic planning...
February 10, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442253/socioeconomic-inequality-in-screen-time-frequency-in-children-and-adolescents-the-weight-disorders-survey-of-the-caspian-iv-study
#14
Ramin Heshmat, Mostafa Qorbani, Nafiseh Mozaffarian, Shirin Djalalinia, Ali Sheidaei, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Saeid Safiri, Kimia Gohari, Asal Ataie-Jafari, Gelayol Ardalan, Hamid Asayesh, Morteza Mansourian, Roya Kelishadi
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the socioeconomic inequality and determinants of screen time (ST) frequency in Iranian children and adolescents. METHODS: This nationwide study was conducted as part of a national school-based surveillance program among 36,486 students consisting of 50.79% boys and 74.23% urban inhabitants, aged 6-18 years, living in urban and rural areas of 30 provinces of Iran. Socioeconomic inequality in ST, including the time spent for ST, watching TV and leisure-time working with computer, was assessed across quintiles of SES using concentration index (C) and slope index of inequality (SII)...
February 13, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442231/a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-school-based-suicide-prevention-programmes
#15
Susan Ahern, Lee-Ann Burke, Brendan McElroy, Paul Corcoran, Elaine M McMahon, Helen Keeley, Vladimir Carli, Camilla Wasserman, Christina W Hoven, Marco Sarchiapone, Alan Apter, Judit Balazs, Raphaela Banzer, Julio Bobes, Romuald Brunner, Doina Cosman, Christian Haring, Michael Kaess, Jean-Pierre Kahn, Agnes Kereszteny, Vita Postuvan, Pilar A Sáiz, Peeter Varnik, Danuta Wasserman
Suicide is one of the leading causes of death among young people globally. In light of emerging evidence supporting the effectiveness of school-based suicide prevention programmes, an analysis of cost-effectiveness is required. We aimed to conduct a full cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) of the large pan-European school-based RCT, Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE). The health outcomes of interest were suicide attempt and severe suicidal ideation with suicide plans. Adopting a payer's perspective, three suicide prevention interventions were modelled with a Control over a 12-month time period...
February 14, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441644/brief-school-based-interventions-to-assist-adolescents-sleep-onset-latency-comparing-mindfulness-and-constructive-worry-versus-controls
#16
Kate Bartel, Chao Huang, Ben Maddock, Paul Williamson, Michael Gradisar
Difficulties falling asleep are common among adolescents, especially during times of stress. Adolescents may thus benefit from brief techniques (15 min) that decrease pre-sleep cognitive-emotional arousal and sleep-onset latency. The present study used a 3 (intervention: mindfulness bodyscan mp3, constructive worry, control) by 3 (time: baseline, week 1, week 2) mixed-model design on a school-based sample of adolescents (N = 232; Mage = 15.9 ± 0.8 years, range = 14-18 years; 19% male), and a sub-sample of adolescents with prolonged sleep-onset latency (i...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439065/protocol-for-a-prospective-school-based-standardisation-study-of-a-digital-social-skills-assessment-tool-for-children-the-paediatric-evaluation-of-emotions-relationships-and-socialisation-peers-study
#17
Emma J Thompson, Miriam H Beauchamp, Simone J Darling, Stephen J C Hearps, Amy Brown, George Charalambous, Louise Crossley, David Darby, Julian J Dooley, Mardee Greenham, Mohinder Jaimangal, Skye McDonald, Frank Muscara, Lyn Turkstra, Vicki A Anderson
BACKGROUND: Humans are by nature a social species, with much of human experience spent in social interaction. Unsurprisingly, social functioning is crucial to well-being and quality of life across the lifespan. While early intervention for social problems appears promising, our ability to identify the specific impairments underlying their social problems (eg, social communication) is restricted by a dearth of accurate, ecologically valid and comprehensive child-direct assessment tools...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438461/backpack-programs-and-the-crisis-narrative-of-child-hunger-a-critical-review-of-the-rationale-targeting-and-potential-benefits-and-harms-of-an-expanding-but-untested-model-of-practice
#18
Maryah S Fram, Edward A Frongillo
In recent years, school-based food backpack programs (BPPs) have come into national prominence as a response to a perceived crisis of child hunger in America. Distributing bags of free food directly to schoolchildren for their own personal consumption each weekend, BPPs bring together private donors, faith communities, and public schools around an intuitively appealing project: children are hungry, and so we give them food. Perhaps because of their intuitive appeal, BPPs have expanded rapidly, without rigorous evaluation to determine their impacts on children, families, and schools...
January 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438396/children-s-peer-violence-perpetration-and-victimization-prevalence-and-associated-factors-among-school-children-in-afghanistan
#19
Julienne Corboz, Osman Hemat, Wahid Siddiq, Rachel Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Child peer violence is a global problem and seriously impacts children's physical and psychological health, and their education outcomes. There are few research studies on children's peer violence available in South Asian countries, particularly in Afghanistan. This paper describes the prevalence of children's peer violence perpetration and victimization and associated factors among school children in Afghanistan. METHODS: A total of 770 children were recruited into a baseline study conducted as part of an intervention evaluation in 11 schools (seven girls' and four boys' schools)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436364/the-west-midlands-active-lifestyle-and-healthy-eating-in-school-children-waves-study-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-testing-the-clinical-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-multifaceted-obesity-prevention-intervention-programme-targeted-at-children
#20
Peymane Adab, Timothy Barrett, Raj Bhopal, Janet E Cade, Alastair Canaway, Kar Keung Cheng, Joanne Clarke, Amanda Daley, Jonathan Deeks, Joan Duda, Ulf Ekelund, Emma Frew, Paramjit Gill, Tania Griffin, Karla Hemming, Kiya Hurley, Emma R Lancashire, James Martin, Eleanor McGee, Miranda J Pallan, Jayne Parry, Sandra Passmore
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews suggest that school-based interventions can be effective in preventing childhood obesity, but better-designed trials are needed that consider costs, process, equity, potential harms and longer-term outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the WAVES (West Midlands ActiVe lifestyle and healthy Eating in School children) study intervention, compared with usual practice, in preventing obesity among primary school children...
February 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
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