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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449386/influence-of-a-two-to-six-year-physical-education-intervention-on-scholastic-performance-the-champs-study-dk
#1
Anna Bugge, Sören Möller, Jakob Tarp, Charles H Hillman, Rodrigo Antunes Lima, Anne Kaer Gejl, Heidi Klakk, Niels Wedderkopp
AIM: To investigate the influence of a school-based intervention with a tripling of physical education (PE) lessons from two (90 min) to six lessons per week (270 min) on scholastic performance. METHODS: This study is part of the CHAMPS study-DK, a quasi-experimental study that began in 2008. The intervention group consisted of six schools and the control group consisted of four matched schools (mean age at baseline = 8.4 years, kindergarten class-4(th) grade). Academic performance was extracted from the national test system from 2010- 2014 (Math and Danish were measured at 3(rd) and 6(th) , and 2(nd) , 4(th) and 6(th) grades, respectively)...
April 27, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449247/informant-discrepancy-defines-discrete-clinically-useful-autism-spectrum-disorder-subgroups
#2
Matthew D Lerner, Andres De Los Reyes, Deborah A G Drabick, Alan H Gerber, Kenneth D Gadow
BACKGROUND: Discrepancy between informants (parents and teachers) in severity ratings of core symptoms commonly arise when assessing autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Whether such discrepancy yields unique information about the ASD phenotype and its clinical correlates has not been examined. We examined whether degree of discrepancy between parent and teacher ASD symptom ratings defines discrete, clinically meaningful subgroups of youth with ASD using an efficient, cost-effective procedure...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449105/family-communication-styles-and-resilience-among-adolescents
#3
M Alejandra Acuña, Sheryl Kataoka
Some adolescents manage to be resilient, whereas others develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms after experiencing trauma, but the mechanisms underlying these differences are unclear. Public secondary school students (N = 98) referred for counseling completed questionnaires assessing exposure to stressful events, family communication, and PTSD. Seventy percent of the sample reported PTSD symptoms in the clinical range. Open family communication was negatively associated with female gender, problem family communication (PFC), and PTSD symptom severity...
April 26, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448513/outdoor-activity-and-myopia-progression-in-4-year-follow-up-of-chinese-primary-school-children-the-beijing-children-eye-study
#4
Yin Guo, Li Juan Liu, Ping Tang, Yan Yun Lv, Yi Feng, Liang Xu, Jost B Jonas
PURPOSE: To investigate factors associated with ocular axial elongation and myopia progression during a 4-year follow-up in primary school children in Beijing. METHODS: This school-based study included 382 grade-1 children at baseline in 2011 (age:6.3±0.4 years) with 305 (79.8%) returning for the follow-up examination in 2015. At baseline and in yearly follow-up examinations, the children underwent a comprehensive eye examination including auto-refractometry, ocular biometry with measurement of axial length, and fundus photography...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448174/a-school-based-peer-led-social-marketing-intervention-to-engage-spanish-adolescents-in-a-healthy-lifestyle-we-are-cool-som-la-pera-study-a-parallel-cluster-randomized-controlled-study
#5
Magaly Aceves-Martins, Elisabet Llauradó, Lucia Tarro, David Moriña, Ignasi Papell-Garcia, Jordi Prades-Tena, Helle Kettner-Høeberg, Francesc Puiggròs, Lluís Arola, Amy Davies, Montse Giralt, Rosa Solà
BACKGROUND: Encouraging adolescents to adopt healthy lifestyles can be challenging. The aim of the "Som la Pera" study was to engage adolescents by applying new strategies to increase both their fruit and vegetable consumption and their physical activity (PA) while reducing their sedentary behavior. METHODS: In disadvantaged neighborhoods of Reus (Spain), two high schools were randomly assigned to the intervention (n = 170 adolescents 13- to 16-year-olds) and two were assigned to the control group (n = 223 adolescents 13- to 16-year-olds)...
April 27, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447296/addressing-the-needs-of-children-and-youth-in-the-context-of-war-and-terrorism-the-technological-frontier
#6
REVIEW
Leia Y Saltzman, Levi Solomyak, Ruth Pat-Horenczyk
This paper reviews recent literature on the mental health needs of youth in the context of war and terrorism. A human rights lens is used to explore issues of accessibility and sustainability in service utilization during times of crisis. The authors present the evolution of services over the last several decades, progressing through individual, school-based, and community-wide interventions by exploring models that focus on symptom reduction and building resilience. This paper highlights the benefits and limitations of traditional intervention methods and proposes a new frontier of intervention development and research...
June 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446423/evaluation-of-a-mindfulness-based-mobile-app-aimed-at-promoting-awareness-of-weight-related-behaviors-in-adolescents-a-pilot-study
#7
Tami Turner, Melanie Hingle
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based interventions are reported to be highly acceptable and have positive effects on youth, yet most are clinic- or school-based aimed at emotional regulation or academic performance. To provide flexible program delivery, we developed and tested a standalone mindfulness-based app aimed at improving weight-related behaviors (eg, diet, physical activity, sleep) in adolescents. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and utility of a mindfulness-based mobile app...
April 26, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444974/school-based-surveillance-for-influenza-vaccine-effectiveness-during-2014-15-seasons-in-hong-kong
#8
Ting F Leung, Renee W Y Chan, Angela Kwok, Wendy C S Ho, Mars K P Tao, Kam L Hon, Frankie W T Cheng, Albert M Li, Paul K S Chan
BACKGROUND: Influenza imposes substantial healthcare burden in children, which can be prevented by vaccination. Influenza vaccination coverage varies widely among childhood populations worldwide, which has significant impact on herd immunity and usefulness of influenza vaccine. However, there is limited real-life data on influenza vaccine effectiveness (VE) in children. OBJECTIVE: This prospective study aimed to investigate clinical spectrum of childhood influenza and VE in preventing influenza in Hong Kong children...
April 26, 2017: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444184/can-school-based-distribution-be-used-to-maintain-coverage-of-long-lasting-insecticide-treated-bed-nets-evidence-from-a-large-scale-programme-in-southern-tanzania
#9
Logan Stuck, Angelina Lutambi, Frank Chacky, Paul Schaettle, Karen Kramer, Renata Mandike, Rose Nathan, Joshua Yukich
Many sub-Saharan African countries have achieved substantial gains in insecticide treated bednet coverage since 2005. The Tanzania National Malaria Control Programme identified school-based net distribution as one potential 'keep-up' strategy for the purpose of maintaining long-lasting insecticidal net (LLIN) coverage after a nationwide mass campaign in 2011. The School Net Programme (SNP) was implemented in three regions of southern Tanzania and distributed one LLIN to each enrolled child attending schools in primary grades (standards) 1, 3, 5 and 7, and secondary grades (forms) 2 and 4 in 2013 and again with slightly modified eligibility criteria in 2014 and 2015...
April 22, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443350/the-validation-of-a-school-based-culturally-grounded-drug-prevention-curriculum-for-rural-hawaiian-youth
#10
Scott K Okamoto, Susana Helm, Lindsey K Ostrowski, Lucille Flood
The purpose of this study was to validate a school-based, culturally grounded drug prevention curriculum for rural Native Hawaiian youth. Faculty and administrators from eight geographically dispersed middle-, intermediate-, or multilevel schools on Hawai'i island were interviewed on the cultural relevance and feasibility of implementation of the curriculum (Ho'ouna Pono). While all participants appreciated the culturally specific content interwoven throughout the curriculum's structure, several of them expressed concerns that the curriculum would compete with resources needed to implement Common Core national standards...
April 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443345/engaging-school-mental-health-professionals-to-deliver-evidence-based-interventions-to-hispanic-families
#11
Maria I Tapia, Manuel A Ocasio, Yannine Estrada, Hilda Pantin, Guillermo Prado
Research has demonstrated that a number of evidence-based programs can be effectively implemented in different community settings, such as schools, to target Hispanic youth and their families; however, successful implementation of such programs represents a challenge for practitioners. This article describes experiences and strategies associated with recruiting, training, and supervising school mental health professionals in the school-based implementation of an evidence-based, family-centered prevention program for Hispanic families...
April 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441129/medical-school-outreach-and-mentorship-for-rural-secondary-school-students-a-pilot-of-the-southwestern-ontario-medical-mentorship-program
#12
Maija A Robinson, Matt B Douglas-Vail, Jessica N Bryce, Theunis J van Zyl
INTRODUCTION: Rural communities in Canada face challenges with physician recruitment. Physicians from rural backgrounds are more likely to practise in rural areas; however, rural students are underrepresented in medical schools. To address this, the Southwestern Ontario Medical Mentorship Program (SWOMMP) was created to expose rural secondary school students to medical careers. METHODS: This pilot project involved a school-based interactive session run by rural medical students on paths to medicine, medical specialties and skills workshops of roughly 2...
2017: Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439385/effects-of-tailored-health-education-program-on-overweight-elementary-school-students-obesity-related-lifestyle-a-school-based-interventional-study
#13
Sharareh Haghani, Hossein Shahnazi, Akbar Hassanzadeh
OBJECTIVES: Overweight and obesity are regarded as one of the most serious health and nutrition issues worldwide. This is immediately recognizable in both children and adolescents. In this study, we aimed to determine the effects of tailored education on lifestyle modification in elementary school students in Isfahan. METHODS: In a quasi-experimental study, two elementary schools in Isfahan District 3, Iran, were randomly selected to determine the intervention and comparison groups...
March 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439379/injuries-violence-and-bullying-among-middle-school-students-in-oman
#14
Richard P Peyton, Shamika Ranasinghe, Kathryn H Jacobsen
OBJECTIVES: Injuries account for a substantial proportion of the burden of disease in adolescents globally. This paper describes injury rates and associated exposures, and risk behaviors in Oman's 2010 Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS). METHODS: This study used complex samples analysis to examine nationally-representative data from 1 606 students in grades eight, nine, and 10 who participated in the 2010 Oman GSHS. RESULTS: In total, 34...
March 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435081/a-multiple-streams-analysis-of-the-decisions-to-fund-gender-neutral-hpv-vaccination-in-canada
#15
REVIEW
Gilla K Shapiro, Juliet Guichon, Gillian Prue, Samara Perez, Zeev Rosberger
In Canada, the human papillomavirus (HPV.) vaccine is licensed and recommended for females and males. Although all Canadian jurisdictions fund school-based HPV vaccine programs for girls, only six jurisdictions fund school-based HPV vaccination for boys. The research aimed to analyze the factors that underpin government decisions to fund HPV vaccine for boys using a theoretical policy model, Kingdon's Multiple Streams framework. This approach assesses policy development by examining three concurrent, but independent, streams that guide analysis: Problem Stream, Policy Stream, and Politics Stream...
April 20, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434913/development-of-school-based-asthma-management-programs-in-rochester-ny
#16
REVIEW
Jill S Halterman, Reynaldo Tajon, Paul Tremblay, Maria Fagnano, Arlene Butz, Tamara Perry, Ken McConnochie
In the spirit of Dr. Haggerty's teachings, we present an overview of our work to improve care for children with asthma in the context of 3 lessons learned:(1) 1) The importance of providing integrated services across disciplinary boundaries for children with chronic illness, 2) The need to move from a care model focused only on the individual child to a model focused on the child, family, and community, and 3) The need to expand beyond the local community and take a broad perspective on improving health on a national level...
April 18, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432846/pathological-internet-use-cyberbullying-and-mobile-phone-use-in-adolescence-a-school-based-study-in-greece
#17
Zoi Tsimtsiou, Anna-Bettina Haidich, Anastasios Drontsos, Fotini Dantsi, Zafiria Sekeri, Evangelos Drosos, Nikolaos Trikilis, Theodoros Dardavesis, Panagiotis Nanos, Malamatenia Arvanitidou
Purpose This study investigated the prevalence of Internet addiction (IA) and cyberbullying and examined profiles of adolescents with increased risk to develop pathological behaviors. Methods In this cross-sectional, school-based study, 8053 students of 30 middle and 21 high schools (12-18 years old) were invited to participate, based on a multistage stratified random sampling technique. The Internet aiddiction test (IAT) was used along with information on socio-demographics, Internet activities and cyberbullying experience...
April 22, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430967/associations-of-unhappiness-with-sociodemographic-factors-and-unhealthy-behaviours-in-chinese-adolescents
#18
Jianjiu Chen, Sai Yin Ho, Lok Tung Leung, Man Ping Wang, Tai Hing Lam
Evidence on the effects of lack of physical exercise, alcohol drinking and smoking on happiness is limited and inconsistent. We examined the associations of unhappiness with sociodemographic factors and these unhealthy behaviours in Chinese adolescents. In a school-based survey in 2012-13 in Hong Kong, 45 857 secondary school students (mean age 14.8 years, 54.0% boys) reported their happiness level (not happy at all/not very happy/happy/very happy), frequency of physical exercise, alcohol drinking status, smoking status and sociodemographic factors...
April 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430936/preliminary-evaluation-of-the-niaaa-aap-brief-alcohol-use-screener
#19
Alan Meca, Jonathan G Tubman, Timothy Regan, Diane D Zheng, Rhoda Moise, Tae Kyoung Lee, Mary H Soares, Maria R Velazquez, Andrew Egbert, Seth J Schwartz
Aims: To assess the concurrent validity of the two-item NIAAA/American Academy of Pediatrics Brief Alcohol Use Screener, a developmentally sensitive assessment instrument, in a school-based sample of adolescents. Method: The sample consisted of 756 adolescents (53% girls; Mage = 13.7 years; SD = 1.6 years) in the 6th (n = 192), 8th (n = 283), and the 10th (n = 281) grades from Miami-Dade County, FL and Prince George's County, MD. Adolescents completed the NIAAA/AAP Brief Alcohol Use Screener, which consists of two items asking about adolescents' alcohol use and about peers' alcohol use during the last year...
May 1, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430388/associations-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-non-medical-use-of-prescription-drugs-among-chinese-adolescents
#20
Lan Guo, Yan Xu, Jianxiong Deng, Xue Gao, Guoliang Huang, Jinghui Huang, Xueqing Deng, Wei-Hong Zhang, Ciyong Lu
AIMS: To test, among Chinese adolescents: (1) whether childhood maltreatment is associated with non-medical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD), (2) whether there are interaction effects of childhood maltreatment and depressive symptoms on NMUPD. DESIGN: A secondary analysis of the cross-sectional data collected from 7(th) and 12(th) graders who were sampled using a multistage, stratified cluster, random sampling method in the 2015 School-based Chinese Adolescents Health Survey (SCAHS)...
April 21, 2017: Addiction
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