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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239896/adolescents-evaluations-of-the-quality-of-lifestyle-counselling-in-school-based-health-care
#1
Laura Myllymäki, Heidi Ruotsalainen, Maria Kääriäinen
BACKGROUND: Adolescents need effective lifestyle counselling precisely because health problems are so common. Good-quality lifestyle counselling can prevent the problems from becoming worse and decrease the costs of health care. Nurse practitioners in schools are well positioned to promote adolescent health. AIM: This study describes adolescents' evaluations of the quality of lifestyle counselling and factors related to it in school-based health care. METHODS: The data were collected from seventh- to ninth-grade adolescents (n = 846) using the Counselling Quality Instrument, from two junior high schools in northern Finland...
February 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237633/lifestyle-interventions-in-preschool-children-a-meta-analysis-of-effectiveness
#2
REVIEW
Jiying Ling, Lorraine B Robbins, Fujun Wen, Nanhua Zhang
CONTEXT: With healthy behaviors becoming established in the preschool years, intervening with preschool children to assist them in establishing a healthy lifestyle and maintaining a long-term healthy weight is critical. To optimize future intervention designs, this meta-analysis aimed to estimate the effects of lifestyle interventions on BMI among preschool children and explore potential intervention moderators. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: In October 2015, a search of PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycINFO, ERIC, and Cochrane library databases yielded 52 eligible articles with 42 randomized intervention-control comparisons (31 prevention and 11 treatment)...
February 22, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235964/how-does-a-physical-activity-programme-in-elementary-school-affect-fracture-risk-a-prospective-controlled-intervention-study-in-malmo-sweden
#3
Marcus E Cöster, Jesper Fritz, Jan-Åke Nilsson, Caroline Karlsson, Björn E Rosengren, Magnus Dencker, Magnus K Karlsson
OBJECTIVES: Recent evidence from the 7-year follow-up of the Pediatric Osteoporosis Prevention (POP) study indicates an inverse correlation between years of participation in a physical activity (PA) intervention and fracture risk in children. However, we could not see a statistically significant reduction in fracture risk, which urged for an extension of the intervention. SETTING: The study was conducted in 4 neighbouring elementary schools, where 1 school functioned as intervention school...
February 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230706/first-presentation-acute-rheumatic-fever-is-preventable-in-a-community-setting-a-school-based-intervention
#4
Diana Lennon, Philippa Anderson, Melissa Kerdemelidis, Elizabeth Farrell, Suzanne Crengle Mahi, Teuila Percival, David Jansen, Joanna Stewart
BACKGROUND: Robust evidence is lacking for community initiatives to prevent first presentation acute rheumatic fever (ARF) by group A streptococcal (GAS) pharyngitis treatment. METHODS: We measured the effect of introducing a sore throat clinic program on first presentation ARF into 61 year 1-8 schools with students aged 5-13years (population ~ 25,000) in Auckland, New Zealand. The study period was 2010-2016. A generalized linear mixed model investigated ARF rate changes before and after the staggered introduction of school clinics...
February 22, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229248/promoting-social-nurturance-and-positive-social-environments-to-reduce-obesity-in-high-risk-youth
#5
REVIEW
Dawn K Wilson, Allison M Sweeney, Heather Kitzman-Ulrich, Haylee Gause, Sara M St George
Nurturing environments within the context of families, schools, and communities all play an important role in enhancing youth's behavioral choices and health outcomes. The increasing prevalence rates of obesity among youth, especially among low income and ethnic minorities, highlight the need to develop effective and innovative intervention approaches that promote positive supportive environments across different contexts for at-risk youth. We propose that the integration of Social Cognitive Theory, Family Systems Theory, and Self-Determination Theory offers a useful framework for understanding how individual, family, and social-environmental-level factors contribute to the development of nurturing environments...
February 22, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222450/it-s-time-to-screen-for-bullying
#6
EDITORIAL
John Hickner
Because bullying occurs so frequently, public health, community-based, and school-based approaches, rather than one-on-one office-based interventions, are likely to have the greatest overall impact on decreasing bullying. Randomized trials bear this out, showing that prevention programs in schools can effectively reduce the behavior.
February 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222101/costs-and-effects-of-a-state-wide-health-promotion-program-in-primary-schools-in-germany-the-baden-w%C3%A3-rttemberg-study-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Dorothea Kesztyüs, Romy Lauer, Tibor Kesztyüs, Reinhold Kilian, Jürgen M Steinacker
AIM: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the state-wide implementation of the health promotion program "Join the Healthy Boat" in primary schools in Germany. METHODS: Cluster-randomized intervention trial with wait-list control group. Anthropometric data of 1733 participating children (7.1 ± 0.6 years) were taken by trained staff before and after a one year intervention period in the academic year 2010/11. Parents provided information about the health status, and the health behaviour of their children and themselves, parental anthropometrics, and socio-economic background variables...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221068/why-wasn-t-prevention-included-comment-on-the-special-issue-on-undergraduate-education-in-psychology-2016
#8
Elaine Clanton Harpine
In the February/March 2016 special issue, articles by Gurung et al. (2016) and Norcross et al. (2016) called for change in undergraduate education; however, the special issue failed to include prevention. This comment shows that undergraduate education should include a specialization in prevention, focusing on prevention groups. This could offer a new 4-year career path in psychology, expanding psychology student job opportunities. Prevention groups include health prevention, school-based prevention, violence and anger prevention, and bullying prevention...
February 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217266/methodology-and-early-findings-of-the-fifth-survey-of-childhood-and-adolescence-surveillance-and-prevention-of-adult-noncommunicable-disease-the-caspian-v-study
#9
Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Hasan Ziaodini, Mostafa Qorbani, Majzoubeh Taheri, Tahereh Aminaei, Azam Goodarzi, Asal Ataie-Jafari, Fatemeh Rezaei, Zeinab Ahadi, Gita Shafiee, Ali Shahsavari, Ramin Heshmat, Roya Kelishadi
BACKGROUND: This paper presents the methodology and early findings of the fifth survey of a school-based surveillance program in Iran. METHODS: This nationwide study was conducted in 2015 as the fifth survey of a surveillance program entitled "Childhood and Adolescence Surveillance and PreventIon of Adult Non- communicable disease" (CASPIAN-V) study. The protocol was mainly based on the World Health Organization-Global School student Health Survey. We studied 14400 students, aged 7-18 years, and their parents living in 30 provinces in Iran...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216643/effect-of-an-obesity-prevention-program-focused-on-motivating-environments-in-childhood-a-school-based-prospective-study
#10
Y Yang, B Kang, E Y Lee, H K Yang, H-S Kim, S-Y Lim, J-H Lee, S-S Lee, B K Suh, K-H Yoon
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There has been an increasing global recognition of the need for effective strategies to prevent and control childhood obesity. In this study, we aimed to identify the effectiveness of an obesity prevention program focused on motivating environments in school. SUBJECTS/METHODS: In this school-based, prospective, quasi-experimental study, we enrolled three elementary (4th graders) and two middle (7th graders) schools located in Chungju, Korea...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215380/youth-adult-connectedness-a-key-protective-factor-for-adolescent-health
#11
Renee E Sieving, Annie-Laurie McRee, Barbara J McMorris, Rebecca J Shlafer, Amy L Gower, Hillary M Kapa, Kara J Beckman, Jennifer L Doty, Shari L Plowman, Michael D Resnick
Over the past 30 years, prevention science in the adolescent health field has moved from interventions focused on preventing single problem behaviors to efforts employing a dual approach, addressing risk factors that predict problems while simultaneously nurturing protective factors and promoting positive development. Through an examination of previous research and empirical case examples with vulnerable youth, this article considers the hypothesis that adolescents' sense of connectedness to caring adults acts as a protective factor against a range of risk behaviors...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214740/youth-use-of-electronic-vapor-products-and-blunts-for-administering-cannabis
#12
Matthew E Eggers, Youn O Lee, Kyle Jackson, Jenny L Wiley, Lauren Porter, James M Nonnemaker
BACKGROUND: The positive association between youth use of cannabis and tobacco is well-established, and reports show that some youth are using electronic vapor products (EVPs) to administer cannabis. This study examines the prevalence and correlates of youth consumption of cannabis via EVP and how this compares with co-use of cannabis with cigars (blunts) among a large statewide sample of youth. METHODS: We used data from the Florida Youth Tobacco Survey (FYTS), a school-based, pencil-and-paper questionnaire given to Florida middle and high school students (N=12,320)...
February 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208968/school-based-multicomponent-intervention-for-obese-children-in-udupi-district-south-india-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Baby S Nayak, Vinod H Bhat
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity and overweight is a global epidemics and has been increasing in the developing countries. Childhood obesity is linked with increased mortality and morbidity independent of adult obesity. Declining physical activity, access to junk food and parenting style are the major determinants of overweight in children. Thus, there is a need for increasing the physical activity of children, educating the parents as well as the children on lifestyle modification. This can be achieved through implementation of multicomponent intervention...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207792/partnering-for-impact-integrated-transmission-assessment-surveys-for-lymphatic-filariasis-soil-transmitted-helminths-and-malaria-in-haiti
#14
Alaine Kathryn Knipes, Jean Frantz Lemoine, Franck Monestime, Carl R Fayette, Abdel N Direny, Luccene Desir, Valery E Beau de Rochars, Thomas G Streit, Kristen Renneker, Brian K Chu, Michelle A Chang, Kimberly E Mace, Kimberly Y Won, Patrick J Lammie
BACKGROUND: Since 2001, Haiti's National Program for the Elimination of Lymphatic Filariasis (NPELF) has worked to reduce the transmission of LF through annual mass drug administration with diethylcarbamazine and albendazole. The NPELF reached full national coverage with MDA for LF in 2012, and by 2014, a total of 14 evaluation units (48 communes) had met WHO eligibility criteria to conduct LF transmission assessment surveys (TAS) to determine whether prevalence had been reduced to below a threshold, such that transmission is assumed to be no longer sustainable...
February 16, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202096/potential-in-class-strategies-to-increase-children-s-vegetable-consumption
#15
Gemma Sharp, Simone Pettigrew, Shannon Wright, Iain S Pratt, Sally Blane, Nicole Biagioni
OBJECTIVE: The Crunch&Sip programme is a school-based nutrition initiative designed to increase the fruit, vegetable and water intakes of primary-school children. In recognition of the notable deficits in children's vegetable consumption, the present study explored the receptivity of school staff to a realignment of the Crunch&Sip programme to feature a primary focus on vegetable consumption. This involved investigating school staff members' perceptions of relevant barriers, motivators and facilitators...
February 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201940/food-insecurity-and-its-association-with-school-absenteeism-among-rural-school-adolescents-in-jimma-zone-ethiopia
#16
Dessalegn Tamiru, Yabsira Melaku, Tefera Belachew
Studies showed that poor health and nutrition among school adolescents are major barriers to educational access and achievements in low-income countries. This school-based study was aimed to assess the association of school absenteeism and food insecurity among rural school adolescents from grades 5 to 8 in Jimma zone, Ethiopia. Regression analyses were used to see the strength of association between dependent and independent variables using odds ratio and 95% confidence intervals. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to identify the predictor of school absenteeism...
February 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196944/association-of-passive-and-active-smoking-with-self-rated-health-and-life-satisfaction-in-iranian-children-and-adolescents-the-caspian-iv-study
#17
Ramin Heshmat, Mostafa Qorbani, Saeid Safiri, Amir Eslami-Shahr Babaki, Nassim Matin, Nazgol Motamed-Gorji, Mohammad-Esmaeil Motlagh, Shirin Djalalinia, Gelayol Ardalan, Morteza Mansourian, Hamid Asayesh, Roya Kelishadi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the joint association of passive and active smoking with self-rated health and life satisfaction among Iranian children and adolescents. METHODS: Using a multistage random cluster sampling method, a representative sample of 14 880 school students were selected from urban and rural areas of 30 provinces of Iran. Data were gathered using a questionnaire, a weight scale and metre. Participants were classified into four groups based on their smoking patterns: 'non-smoker', 'only active smoker', 'only passive smoker' and 'active and passive smoker'...
February 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192002/moving-up-matters-socioeconomic-mobility-prospectively-predicts-better-physical-health
#18
Jenny M Cundiff, Jennifer Morozink Boylan, Dustin A Pardini, Karen A Matthews
OBJECTIVE: Low socioeconomic status (SES) in childhood confers risk for poor physical health later in life. This study prospectively examines whether improvements in family SES protect youth from developing physical health problems by adulthood and whether such effects differ by race or age. METHOD: Participants are a school-based sample of urban Black (53%) and White (47%) men (N = 311). Using latent growth curve modeling, we prospectively examined whether changes in family SES measured annually between Ages 7 and 16 predicted physical health diagnoses in adulthood (Age 32)...
February 13, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188476/classrooms-in-peace-within-violent-contexts-field-evaluation-of-aulas-en-paz-in-colombia
#19
Enrique Chaux, Madeleine Barrera, Andrés Molano, Ana María Velásquez, Melisa Castellanos, Maria Paula Chaparro, Andrea Bustamante
Classrooms in Peace (Aulas en Paz) is an elementary school-based multicomponent program for prevention of aggression and promotion of peaceful relationships. Inspired by international programs and socio-emotional research, it includes (1) a classroom universal curriculum, (2) parent workshops and home visits to parents of the 10% most aggressive children, and (3) extracurricular peer groups of two aggressive and four prosocial children. Activities seek to promote socio-emotional competencies such as empathy, anger management, creative generation of alternatives, and assertiveness...
February 11, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188150/multisite-musculoskeletal-pain-in-adolescence-and-later-mental-health-disorders-a-population-based-registry-study-of-norwegian-youth-the-naahs-cohort-study
#20
Christian Eckhoff, Bjørn Straume, Siv Kvernmo
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between multisite musculoskeletal pain in adolescence and mental health disorders in young adulthood. DESIGN AND SETTING: Data were obtained from a linkage between the Norwegian Patient Registry (2008-2012) and the Norwegian Arctic Adolescent Health Study, a school-based survey conducted among 10th grade students in North Norway (2003-2005). PARTICIPANTS: In total, 3987 (68%) of all 5877 invited participants consented to the registry linkage...
February 10, 2017: BMJ Open
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