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Nicholas W Gelbar, Mary Beth Bruder, Emily DeBiase, John D Molteni
The heterogeneity of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) makes it difficult for school-based professionals to develop effective Individual Education Plans (IEP) for this group. Limited research exists on the quality of IEP programs for individuals with ASD. This article summarizes the results of a retrospective chart review from an outpatient diagnostic center. Researchers collected data from IEPs and subsequent psychological evaluations of 75 individuals diagnosed with ASD. The implications of these results for future research and practice are discussed...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Yi Zhang, Zhidong Cao, Valentina Costantino, David J Muscatello, Abrar Ahmad Chughtai, Peng Yang, Quanyi Wang, C Raina MacIntyre
BACKGROUND: The benefit of school-based influenza vaccination policy has not been fully addressed in Beijing. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the benefit of school-based influenza vaccination policy launched in Beijing. METHODS: Using existing surveillance and immunization data, we developed a dynamic transmission model to assess the impact of influenza vaccination in school-going children. The outcome was defined as the averted number of medically attended influenza illnesses and the prevented disease fraction to all children aged 5-14 years for the 2013/14, 2014/15, and 2015/16 seasons...
June 14, 2018: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
Shuaijun Guo, Rebecca Armstrong, Elizabeth Waters, Thirunavukkarasu Sathish, Sheikh M Alif, Geoffrey R Browne, Xiaoming Yu
OBJECTIVE: Improving health literacy at an early age is crucial to personal health and development. Although health literacy in children and adolescents has gained momentum in the past decade, it remains an under-researched area, particularly health literacy measurement. This study aimed to examine the quality of health literacy instruments used in children and adolescents and to identify the best instrument for field use. DESIGN: Systematic review. SETTING: A wide range of settings including schools, clinics and communities...
June 14, 2018: BMJ Open
Laura Kann, Tim McManus, William A Harris, Shari L Shanklin, Katherine H Flint, Barbara Queen, Richard Lowry, David Chyen, Lisa Whittle, Jemekia Thornton, Connie Lim, Denise Bradford, Yoshimi Yamakawa, Michelle Leon, Nancy Brener, Kathleen A Ethier
PROBLEM: Health-risk behaviors contribute to the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among youth and adults in the United States. In addition, significant health disparities exist among demographic subgroups of youth defined by sex, race/ethnicity, and grade in school and between sexual minority and nonsexual minority youth. Population-based data on the most important health-related behaviors at the national, state, and local levels can be used to help monitor the effectiveness of public health interventions designed to protect and promote the health of youth at the national, state, and local levels...
June 15, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
Rachel Shentow-Bewsh, Daniyal Zuberi
With rates of obesity among adults and youth rising in Canada, it is clear that the current approaches currently used to reduce the prevalence of obesity, with an emphasis on individual weight management interventions focused on restrictive dieting, are not proving successful at a population level. Given that obesity is associated with poor physical and mental health outcomes, is placing a multi-billion-dollar economic burden on Canada and disproportionately affects disadvantaged groups, such as Aboriginal Canadians and women of low socioeconomic status, it is a health and social issue that must be addressed immediately by social workers and policy makers...
June 13, 2018: Social Work in Public Health
G La Torre, A Sinopoli, C Sestili, V D'Egidio, O Di Bella, R A Cocchiara, I Sciarra, R Saulle, I Backhaus, A Mannocci
BACKGROUND: Young people who begin to smoke at an early age are at a higher risk of becoming occasional or regular smokers and establishing a premature dependence. It is fundamental to act as soon as possible, from very early childhood, to prevent harmful behaviors for health such as smoking and drinking alcohol. Young people must be encouraged to adopt healthy lifestyles. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is two-fold. First, increasing the knowledge about the negative health effects of cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption among children aged 9-10 years; and second, to introduce and reinforce life skills in order to learn how to tackle social influences that encourage children to smoke and to drink alcohol...
July 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
Youn Kyoung Kim, Moses Okumu, Eusebius Small, Silviya Pavlova Nikolova, Cecilia Mengo
Background and objectives Research has shown an increased prevalence of substance use among adolescents in countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. Peer affiliation, bullying, and psychological stress are significantly associated with substance use. This study empirically tested theoretical frameworks linking peer affiliation, bullying victimization, loneliness and substance use (specifically tobacco or alcohol use) among adolescents. Materials and methods Data were obtained from the 2009 Malawi Global School-based Health Survey (GSHS) with a representative sample of 2359 students aged 13-17 years in Malawi, Sub-Saharan Africa...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Anita D Sircar, Pauline N M Mwinzi, Isaac O Onkanga, Ryan E Wiegand, Susan P Montgomery, W Evan Secor
Schistosomiasis control programs are designed to reduce morbidity by providing mass drug administration (MDA) of praziquantel to at-risk populations. We compared morbidity markers between two cohorts of Kenyan schoolchildren that initially had high prevalence of Schistosoma mansoni infections. One cohort ( N = 416 at year 1) received four rounds of annual MDA in a community-wide treatment (CWT) strategy. The other cohort ( N = 386 at year 1) received school-based treatment (SBT) every other year over the 4-year period...
June 11, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Anne-Maree Parrish, Stewart G Trost, Steven J Howard, Marijka Batterham, Dylan Cliff, Jo Salmon, Anthony D Okely
OBJECTIVES: Adolescents spend large proportions of the school day sitting; potentially increasing their health risks. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability and potential efficacy of a school-based intervention to reduce adolescent sitting time during the school day. DESIGN: Two-arm parallel-group randomised controlled trial. METHODS: Adolescents (13-16 years) were recruited from four private high schools in New South Wales, Australia...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Chen-Wei Pan, Rong-Kun Wu, Jun Li, Hua Zhong
BACKGROUND: We aim to assess the prevalence of myopia in Chinese school children with low educational pressure and explore which factors could explain the differences in prevalence between generations. METHODS: A school-based epidemiologic study including 2432 grade 1 and 2346 grade 7 students was conducted from 2016 in rural areas of China. Each participant's refractive status was measured before and after cycloplegia using an autorefractor and axial length (AL) was measured using an IOL Master...
June 11, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
Jonas Vestergaard Nielsen, Thomas Skovgaard, Thomas Viskum Gjelstrup Bredahl, Anna Bugge, Niels Wedderkopp, Heidi Klakk
Documenting the implementation of effective real-world programmes is considered an important step to support the translation of evidence into practice. Thus, the aim of this study was to identify factors influencing the adoption, implementation and maintenance of the Svendborgproject (SP) - an effective real-world programme comprising schools to implement triple the amount of physical education (PE) in pre-school to sixth grade in six primary schools in the municipality of Svendborg, Denmark. SP has been maintained for ten years and scaled up to all municipal schools since it was initiated in 2008...
June 1, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Christy L M Hui, Whitty W T Leung, Andreas K H Wong, Ka Yan Loong, Joy Kok, Amanda Hwang, Edwin H M Lee, Sherry K W Chan, Wing Chung Chang, Eric Y H Chen
AIM: Although the reasons behind the stigmatization of psychosis are manifold, poor mental health literacy among the general public is likely to be a major factor. In Hong Kong, the Early Psychosis Foundation (EPISO) was established in 2007 to tackle this issue by providing educational and mental health promotional activities, among other aims and services. The current study evaluated the effectiveness of a school-based interventional programme, the School Tour, developed by EPISO. METHODS: The School Tour differentiates itself from other interventional programmes by supplementing a traditional psychoeducational talk with 2 additional elements: an engaging drama performance and exercise demonstrations...
June 11, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Alberto M Ortega Hinojosa, Kara E MacLeod, John Balmes, Michael Jerrett
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a state-wide examination of public schools and the school neighborhood as potential targets for environmental public health tracking to address childhood obesity. METHODS: We examined the relationship of social and physical environmental attributes of the school environment (within school and neighborhood) and childhood obesity in California with machine learning (Random Forest) and multilevel methods. We used data compiled from the California Department of Education, the U...
June 5, 2018: Environmental Research
Jacqueline A Miller, Edward A Smith, Linda L Caldwell, Catherine Mathews, Lisa Wegner
Sexual coercion among adolescent boys in South Africa is an underresearched topic despite the frequency of such events. Although quantitative research has illuminated the prevalence of sexual coercion toward boys, it has provided little understanding of the context of sexual coercion for adolescent boys. Given the often severe consequences of sexual coercion, it is important to further understand these experiences to inform prevention efforts. The current study aims to provide a more nuanced understanding of the context of sexual coercion...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Megan B Knapp, Megan T Hall, Adrienne R Mundorf, Kerrie L Partridge, Carolyn C Johnson
INTRODUCTION: While school-based kitchen garden programs are shown to improve fruit and vegetable consumption and knowledge among children, there has been little research on participant perceptions of these programs, specifically among minority populations that are disproportionately affected by and at high risk for overweight and obesity. This qualitative study examined the perceptions of and values associated with participation in school-based kitchen garden programs implemented through Edible Schoolyard New Orleans in low-income, predominantly African American schools in New Orleans, Louisiana...
June 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
M-B Skoradal, E Purkhús, H Steinholm, M H Olsen, C Ørntoft, M N Larsen, J Dvorak, M Mohr, P Krustrup
We evaluated effects of the school-based intervention "FIFA 11 for Health" for Europe on health and fitness profile in 10- to 12-year-old Faroese schoolchildren. 392 fifth-grade children were randomized into a control group (CG: n = 100, 11.1 ± 0.3 years, 149.0 ± 6.7 cm, 42.4 ± 10.2 kg) and an intervention group (IG: n = 292, 11.1 ± 0.3 years, 150.6 ± 6.9 cm, 44.2 ± 9.4 kg). IG underwent an 11-week intervention in which 2 weekly sessions of 45 minutes were included in the school curriculum focusing on health aspects, football skills, and 3v3 small-sided games...
June 8, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Maria Fernanda Tourinho Peres, Catarina Machado Azeredo, Leandro Fórnias Machado de Rezende, Eliana Miura Zucchi, Ivan Franca-Junior, Olinda do Carmo Luiz, Renata Bertazzi Levy
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between personal, relational and school factors with involvement in fights with weapon among Brazilian school-age youth. METHODS: Using data from the Adolescent School-Based Health Survey 2015 (n = 102.072), we conducted multilevel logistic regression models. RESULTS: IFW was associated with female sex (OR = 0.45), and with older age (OR = 1.15), previous involvement in physical violence (OR = 2...
June 8, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Nuwan Darshana Wickramasinghe, Devani Sakunthala Dissanayake, Gihan Sajiwa Abeywardena
Background: Even though the concept of burnout has been widely explored across the globe, the evidence base on burnout among high school students in the South Asian context is scanty. Against the backdrop of ever-increasing educational demands and expectations, the present study was designed to determine the prevalence and correlates of burnout among collegiate cycle students in Sri Lanka. Methods: A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 872 grade thirteen students in 15 government schools in an educational zone, Kegalle district, Sri Lanka selected by a stratified cluster sampling technique...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Simon J Sebire, Russell Jago, Kathryn Banfield, Mark J Edwards, Rona Campbell, Ruth Kipping, Peter S Blair, Bryar Kadir, Kirsty Garfield, Joe Matthews, Ronan A Lyons, William Hollingworth
BACKGROUND: Most adolescent girls in the UK do not meet government physical activity recommendations and effective interventions are needed. This study reports the results of a feasibility trial of PLAN-A, a novel school-based peer-led physical activity intervention for adolescent girls. METHODS: A two-arm cluster randomised controlled feasibility study was conducted in six English secondary schools (4 intervention & 2 control). Year 8 (age 12-13) girls were eligible and randomisation was at school-level...
June 7, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Patrícia Jundi Penha, Nárima Lívia Jundi Penha Ramos, Bárbarah Kelly Gonçalves de Carvalho, Rodrigo Mantelatto Andrade, Ana Carolina Basso Schmitt, Sílvia Maria Amado João
STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) in cities in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, as well as to identify demographic, clinical, and lifestyle factors associated with AIS. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: AIS is a common three-dimensional spinal deformity. Epidemiological data about the condition in the southern hemisphere are scarce, and Brazil has no public health policies to implement school-based scoliosis screening programs...
June 5, 2018: Spine
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