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lung pulmonary systematic review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443734/prognostic-significance-of-pulmonary-hypertension-in-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Diandian Li, Bo Wang, Hao Wang, Qun Liu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is frequently found in advanced parenchymal lung diseases like cystic fibrosis (CF), but the role played by PH in the clinical outcome of CF patients remains unclear. The aim of this study is to determine the influence of PH on survival in the CF population by meta-analysis. METHODS: Publications addressing the associations between PH and overall survival (OS) or other clinical characteristics in CF patients were selected from electronic databases...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435629/long-term-survival-and-prognostic-factors-of-pulmonary-metastasectomy-in-liver-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Chong Wang, Lei Yang, Zikun Liang, Yaodong Liu, Shuku Liu
BACKGROUND: Lung is the most common extrahepatic metastatic organ of liver cancer. Surgical resection is a common local treatment for pulmonary metastasis. But the long-term prognosis of pulmonary metastasectomy varies greatly due to the small sample size and different results of previous studies. Therefore, we conducted this meta-analysis to evaluate the combined 5-year overall survival (OS) rate and prognostic factors after pulmonary metastasectomy in liver cancer. METHODS: Key words such as liver cancer pulmonary metastasis and metastasectomy were retrieved firstly in PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase and Chinese Wanfang databases...
February 12, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430442/effects-of-peep-on-lung-injury-pulmonary-function-systemic-circulation-and-mortality-in-animals-with-uninjured-lungs-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Anna Geke Algera, Luigi Pisani, Renato Carneiro de Freitas Chaves, Thiago Chaves Amorim, Thomas Cherpanath, Rogier Determann, Dave A Dongelmans, Frederique Paulus, Pieter Roel Tuinman, Paolo Pelosi, Marcelo Gama de Abreu, Marcus J Schultz, Ary Serpa Neto
It is well-known that positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) can prevent ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) and improve pulmonary physiology in animals with injured lungs. It's uncertain whether PEEP has similar effects in animals with uninjured lungs. A systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing different PEEP levels in animals with uninjured lungs was performed. Trials in animals with injured lungs were excluded, as were trials that compared ventilation strategies that also differed with respect to other ventilation settings, e...
January 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419895/pulmonary-artery-perfusion-versus-no-perfusion-during-cardiopulmonary-bypass-for-open-heart-surgery-in-adults
#4
REVIEW
Katrine B Buggeskov, Lars Grønlykke, Emilie C Risom, Mao Ling Wei, Jørn Wetterslev
BACKGROUND: Available evidence has been inconclusive on whether pulmonary artery perfusion during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is associated with decreased or increased mortality, pulmonary events, and serious adverse events (SAEs) after open heart surgery. To our knowledge, no previous systematic reviews have included meta-analyses of these interventions. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of single-shot or continuous pulmonary artery perfusion with blood (oxygenated or deoxygenated) or a preservation solution compared with no perfusion during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in terms of mortality, pulmonary events, serious adverse events (SAEs), and increased inflammatory markers for adult surgical patients...
February 8, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413507/respiratory-effects-of-trichloroethylene
#5
REVIEW
Orianne Dumas, Thomas Despreaux, Frédéric Perros, Edmund Lau, Pascal Andujar, Marc Humbert, David Montani, Alexis Descatha
Trichloroethylene (TCE) is a chlorinated solvent that has been used widely around the world in the twentieth century for metal degreasing and dry cleaning. Although TCE displays general toxicity and is classified as a human carcinogen, the association between TCE exposure and respiratory disorders are conflicting. In this review we aimed to systematically evaluate the current evidence for the respiratory effects of TCE exposure and the implications for the practicing clinician. There is limited evidence of an increased risk of lung cancer associated with TCE exposure based on animal and human data...
January 2018: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411300/the-sound-of-air-point-of-care-lung-ultrasound-in-perioperative-medicine
#6
REVIEW
Alberto Goffi, Richelle Kruisselbrink, Giovanni Volpicelli
PURPOSE: Lung ultrasound (LUS) has emerged as an effective and accurate goal-directed diagnostic tool that can be applied in real time for the bedside assessment of patients with respiratory symptoms and signs. Lung ultrasound has definite and easily recognized findings and has been shown to outperform physical examination and chest radiography for the diagnosis and monitoring of many pulmonary and pleural conditions. In this article, we review the principles of LUS image acquisition and interpretation, summarizing key terms and sonographic findings...
February 6, 2018: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400365/sensitivity-and-specificity-of-ultrasound-for-the-diagnosis-of-acute-pulmonary-edema-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Yan Wang, Zhiyang Shen, Xuefeng Lu, Yanhua Zhen, Huixia Li
AIMS: This study aimed to determine the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasound for the diagnosis of acute pulmonary edema by meta-analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search was conducted through the following databases: Cochrane, PubMed, EMBASE and Ovid MEDLINE. Prospective cohort and prospective case-control studies that reported sensitivity and specificity of lung ultrasound in diagnosis of acute pulmonary edema were selected. An independent review of citations was carried out for inclusion and data extraction...
February 4, 2018: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397527/effect-of-roflumilast-on-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Lu-Fei Shen, Xiao-Dong Lv, Wen-Yu Chen, Qi Yang, Zhi-Xian Fang, Wei-Fen Lu
BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of roflumilast effect on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have been reported in the last decade. The current meta-analysis was designed to systematically review and perform meta-analysis of the RCTs of roflumilast treatment in COPD. METHODS: Electronic databases including PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane clinical trials database were searched to identify RCTs of roflumilast treatment on COPD...
February 3, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396742/a-review-of-diagnostic-accuracy-and-clinical-impact-from-the-focused-use-of-perioperative-ultrasound
#9
REVIEW
Daniel Bainbridge, Brie McConnell, Colin Royse
PURPOSE: To perform a narrative review of the current trials examining the use of perioperative ultrasound to diagnose common issues related to the heart, lungs, stomach, and airway. METHOD: A review of the current literature was conducted in June 2017 on all trials involving ultrasound, including both surface and transesophageal ultrasound, in the perioperative period. The search included the terms 'ultrasonography', 'perioperative care', 'point-of-care', and 'bedside'...
February 2, 2018: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384901/acupuncture-for-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#10
Yang Xie, Jia-Jia Wang, Gao-Yang Li, Xuan-Lin Li, Jian-Sheng Li
BACKGROUND: Patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) often suffer from progressive worsening of dyspnea and lung function. Although 2 drugs are now available for IPF treatment, many gaps are still to be filled. Evidences suggest that there may be some beneficial effect of acupuncture on pulmonary diseases. This review aims to systematically determine the efficacy and safety of acupuncture for treating IPF. METHODS: The following 8 databases will be searched from their inception to March 20, 2017: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chongqing VIP, and Wanfang Data...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377399/a-systematic-review-of-pyoderma-gangrenosum-with-pulmonmary-involvement-clinical-presentation-diagnosis-and-management
#11
Angela S Gupta, Teri Greiling, Alex G Ortega-Loayza
Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a neutrophilic dermatosis that often has extracutaneous manifestations, with lung involvement being the most common (1, 2). In this systematic review we have summarized the clinical presentation, predisposing factors, and treatment of PG patients with pulmonary involvement and compared them to classic neutrophilic disorders. Using the search terms "pulmonary, lung, respiratory, bronchi, or bronchopulmonary" AND "pyoderma gangrenosum" a systematic review was conducted using PubMed and Web of Science...
January 29, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357388/diagnosis-of-small-pulmonary-lesions-by-transbronchial-lung-biopsy-with-radial-endobronchial-ultrasound-and-virtual-bronchoscopic-navigation-versus-ct-guided-transthoracic-needle-biopsy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Yeji Han, Hyun Jung Kim, Kyoung Ae Kong, Soo Jung Kim, Su Hwan Lee, Yon Ju Ryu, Jin Hwa Lee, Yookyoung Kim, Sung Shine Shim, Jung Hyun Chang
BACKGROUND: Advances in bronchoscopy and CT-guided lung biopsy have improved the evaluation of small pulmonary lesions (PLs), leading to an increase in preoperative histological diagnosis. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of transbronchial lung biopsy using radial endobronchial ultrasound and virtual bronchoscopic navigation (TBLB-rEBUS&VBN) and CT-guided transthoracic needle biopsy (CT-TNB) for tissue diagnosis of small PLs. METHODS: A systematic search was performed in five electronic databases, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, and Scopus, for relevant studies in May 2016; the selected articles were assessed using meta-analysis...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338792/critical-inhaler-errors-in-asthma-and-copd-a-systematic-review-of-impact-on-health-outcomes
#13
REVIEW
Omar Sharif Usmani, Federico Lavorini, Jonathan Marshall, William Christopher Nigel Dunlop, Louise Heron, Emily Farrington, Richard Dekhuijzen
BACKGROUND: Inhaled drug delivery is the cornerstone treatment for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, use of inhaler devices can be challenging, potentially leading to critical errors in handling that can significantly reduce drug delivery to the lungs and effectiveness of treatment. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted to define 'critical' errors and their impact on health outcomes and resource use between 2004 and 2016, using key search terms for inhaler errors in asthma and COPD (Search-1) and associated health-economic and patient burden (Search-2)...
January 16, 2018: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335860/effectiveness-and-safety-of-chinese-medicine-for-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Qi Wu, Yao Zhou, Fan-Chao Feng, Xian-Mei Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Chinese medicine (CM) for Idiopathic pulmonary fifibrosis (IPF) patients. METHODS: To screened relevant articles, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Excerpta Medica Datase (EMBASE), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese VIP Information (VIP), Wanfang Database and Chinese Biomedical Database (CBM) were searched in English or Chinese until December 2015 for randomized controlled trials, which compared CM treatment (CM group) with Western medicine or placebo (control group) on IPF...
January 15, 2018: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312742/clinical-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-lung-cancer-patients-with-combined-pulmonary-fibrosis-and-emphysema-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-13-studies
#15
Chuan Li, Wenwen Wu, Nan Chen, Huizi Song, Tianjian Lu, Zhenyu Yang, Zihuai Wang, Jian Zhou, Lunxu Liu
Background: The characteristic and outcomes of lung cancer patients with combined pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema (CPFE) have long been assessed, but results were controversial. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to assess the clinical features and prognosis of lung cancer patients with CPFE. Methods: The databases PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science (updated to October 1, 2017) were searched for eligible studies. Pooled odds ratios (ORs), weighted mean differences (WMD) or hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were used to evaluate the clinicopathological characteristics, the short-term outcome after operation and long-term survival of lung cancer patients with CPFE compared with lung cancer patients without CPFE (fibrosis, emphysema, and normal)...
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312703/isolated-unilateral-absence-of-pulmonary-artery-in-adulthood-a-clinical-analysis-of-65-cases-from-a-case-series-and-systematic-review
#16
Ping Wang, Ling Yuan, Juhong Shi, Zuojun Xu
Background: Isolated unilateral absence of pulmonary artery (UAPA) in adulthood is a rare congenital anomaly. Although some case reports exist, the clinical symptomatology, lung parenchymal features, collateral circulation and therapeutic approaches in adult patients with isolated UAPA remain unknown. The objectives of this study are to investigate the clinical characteristics, elucidate the correlation between clinical symptomatology and radiology, and summarize treatment of adult patients with isolated UAPA...
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248282/extracorporeal-life-support-as-a-bridge-to-lung-transplantation-experience-of-a-high-volume-transplant-center
#17
Konrad Hoetzenecker, Laura Donahoe, Jonathan C Yeung, Sassan Azad, Eddy Fan, Niall D Ferguson, Lorenzo Del Sorbo, Marc de Perrot, Andrew Pierre, Kazuhiro Yasufuku, Lianne Singer, Thomas K Waddell, Shaf Keshavjee, Marcelo Cypel
OBJECTIVES: Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) is increasingly used to bridge deteriorating patients awaiting lung transplantation (LTx), however, few systematic descriptions of this practice exist. We therefore aimed to review our institutional experience over the past 10 years. METHODS: In this case series, we included all adults who received ECLS with the intent to bridge to LTx. Data were retrieved from patient charts and our institutional ECLS and transplant databases...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229259/effects-of-positive-airway-pressure-and-mechanical-ventilation-of-the-lungs-during-cardiopulmonary-bypass-on-pulmonary-adverse-events-after-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Yi-Chia Wang, Chi-Hsiang Huang, Yu-Kang Tu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether different ventilation strategies during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) can improve outcomes in adult cardiac surgery patients. DESIGN: Systematic review of randomized controlled trials with meta-analyses. SETTING: Clinical trials for human studies up to July 2016 were obtained from electronic databases (Medline, Embase, PubMed, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) and reference lists of relevant randomized trials and review articles...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221480/prevalence-and-etiologies-of-pulmonary-hypertension-in-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Jean Joel Bigna, Jean Jacques Noubiap, Jobert Richie Nansseu, Leopold Ndemnge Aminde
BACKGROUND: Despite the recent increasing worldwide attention towards pulmonary hypertension (PH), its epidemiology remains poorly described in Africa. Accordingly, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of PH prevalence, incidence and etiologies in Africa. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, African Journals Online, and Africa Index Medicus. Published observational studies until September 20, 2017, including adult participants residing in Africa were considered...
December 8, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221303/the-society-for-translational-medicine-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-postoperative-management-of-chest-tube-for-patients-undergoing-lobectomy
#20
REVIEW
Shugeng Gao, Zhongheng Zhang, Javier Aragón, Alessandro Brunelli, Stephen Cassivi, Ying Chai, Chang Chen, Chun Chen, Gang Chen, Haiquan Chen, Jin-Shing Chen, David Tom Cooke, John B Downs, Pierre-Emmanuel Falcoz, Wentao Fang, Pier Luigi Filosso, Xiangning Fu, Seth D Force, Martínez I Garutti, Diego Gonzalez-Rivas, Dominique Gossot, Henrik Jessen Hansen, Jianxing He, Jie He, Bo Laksáfoss Holbek, Jian Hu, Yunchao Huang, Mohsen Ibrahim, Andrea Imperatori, Mahmoud Ismail, Gening Jiang, Hongjing Jiang, Zhongmin Jiang, Hyun Koo Kim, Danqing Li, Gaofeng Li, Hui Li, Qiang Li, Xiaofei Li, Yin Li, Zhijun Li, Eric Lim, Chia-Chuan Liu, Deruo Liu, Lunxu Liu, Yongyi Liu, Kevin W Lobdell, Haitao Ma, Weimin Mao, Yousheng Mao, Juwei Mou, Calvin Sze Hang Ng, Nuria M Novoa, René H Petersen, Hiroyuki Oizumi, Kostas Papagiannopoulos, Cecilia Pompili, Guibin Qiao, Majed Refai, Gaetano Rocco, Erico Ruffini, Michele Salati, Agathe Seguin-Givelet, Alan Dart Loon Sihoe, Lijie Tan, Qunyou Tan, Tang Tong, Kosmas Tsakiridis, Federico Venuta, Giulia Veronesi, Nestor Villamizar, Haidong Wang, Qun Wang, Ruwen Wang, Shumin Wang, Gavin M Wright, Deyao Xie, Qi Xue, Tao Xue, Lin Xu, Shidong Xu, Songtao Xu, Tiansheng Yan, Fenglei Yu, Zhentao Yu, Chunfang Zhang, Lanjun Zhang, Tao Zhang, Xun Zhang, Xiaojing Zhao, Xuewei Zhao, Xiuyi Zhi, Qinghua Zhou
The Society for Translational Medicine and The Chinese Society for Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery conducted a systematic review of the literature in an attempt to improve our understanding in the postoperative management of chest tubes of patients undergoing pulmonary lobectomy. Recommendations were produced and classified based on an internationally accepted GRADE system. The following recommendations were extracted in the present review: (I) chest tubes can be removed safely with daily pleural fluid of up to 450 mL (non-chylous and non-sanguinous), which may reduce chest tube duration and hospital length of stay (2B); (II) in rare instances, e...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
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