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lung pulmonary systematic review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095996/antenatal-predictors-of-outcome-in-prenatally-diagnosed-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-cdh
#1
REVIEW
Titilayo Oluyomi-Obi, Verena Kuret, Pramod Puligandla, Abhay Lodha, Helen Lee-Robertson, Kovid Lee, David Somerset, Joann Johnson, Greg Ryan
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypoplasia is the main cause of mortality in isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and its prediction is paramount when counseling parents. We sought to identify antenatal parameters that predicted neonatal mortality in CDH. METHOD: Search was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Database of Systematic reviews, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science on the ability of lung-to-head ratio (LHR), observed-to-expected LHR (o/e LHR), total fetal lung volume (TFLV), o/e TFLV, percentage predicted lung volume (PPLV) and degree of liver herniation to predict neonatal morbidity and mortality in fetuses with CDH...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093435/asthma-and-lung-cancer-after-accounting-for-co-occurring-respiratory-diseases-and-allergic-conditions-a-systematic-review-protocol
#2
Rachel Denholm, Elizabeth Crellin, Ashwini Arvind, Jennifer Quint
INTRODUCTION: Asthma is one of the most frequently diagnosed respiratory diseases in the UK, and commonly co-occurs with other respiratory and allergic diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and atopic dermatitis. Previous studies have shown an increased risk of lung cancer related to asthma, but the evidence is mixed when accounting for co-occurring respiratory diseases and allergic conditions. A systematic review of published data that investigate the relationship between asthma and lung cancer, accounting for co-occurring respiratory and allergic diseases, will be conducted to investigate the independent association of asthma with lung cancer...
January 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058514/repeat-resection-for-recurrent-pulmonary-metastasis-of-colorectal-cancer
#3
Stefan Sponholz, Moritz Schirren, Natalie Baldes, Selma Oguzhan, Joachim Schirren
PURPOSE: Resection of recurrent lung metastases from colorectal cancer is not completely investigated. We analyzed overall survival and prognosticators after metastasectomy. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our database of 238 patients with lung metastases of colorectal cancer, undergoing metastasectomy with systematic lymph node dissection from 1999 to 2014. Lymph node metastases were found in 55 patients, and liver metastases were found in 79 patients. RESULTS: The 5- and 10-year survival rates for all patients were 48 and 32%...
January 5, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039288/how-long-do-patients-with-chronic-disease-expect-to-live-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#4
Barnaby Hole, Joseph Salem
OBJECTIVE: To systematically identify and summarise the literature on perceived life expectancy among individuals with non-cancer chronic disease. SETTING: Published and grey literature up to and including September 2016 where adults with non-cancer chronic disease were asked to estimate their own life expectancy. PARTICIPANTS: From 6837 screened titles, 9 articles were identified that met prespecified criteria for inclusion. Studies came from the UK, Netherlands and USA...
December 29, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035951/a-systematic-review-of-the-role-of-dysfunctional-wound-healing-in-the-pathogenesis-and-treatment-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#5
REVIEW
Alan Betensley, Rabab Sharif, Dimitrios Karamichos
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, progressive interstitial lung disorder showcasing an interaction between genetic predisposition and environmental risks. This usually involves the coaction of a mixture of cell types associated with abnormal wound healing, leading to structural distortion and loss of gas exchange function. IPF bears fatal prognosis due to respiratory failure, revealing a median survival of approximately 2 to 3 years. This review showcases the ongoing progress in understanding the complex pathophysiology of IPF and it highlights the latest potential clinical treatments...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995287/-noninfectious-differential-diagnoses-of-pneumonia
#6
A Wielandner, P Agarwal, A Toelly, C Bardach
BACKGROUND: In patients with a clinical suspicion of pneumonia, typical clinical and laboratory features along with the detection of infiltrates on chest X‑ray are as a rule considered diagnostic and therapy is immediately initiated; however, studies have shown that in up to 5% of patients with an initial suspicion of pneumonia, another noninfectious pulmonary disease was the underlying cause. Early recognition and differentiation of diseases mimicking pneumonia are prerequisites for an adequate therapy...
January 2017: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984533/prevention-or-treatment-of-ards-with-aspirin-a-review-of-preclinical-models-and-meta-analysis-of-clinical-studies
#7
Bernardo Amisa Panka, Harm-Jan de Grooth, Angélique Maria Elisabeth Spoelstra-de Man, Mark R Looney, Pieter-Roel Tuinman
BACKGROUND: The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a life-threating disorder that contributes significantly to critical illness. No specific pharmacological interventions directed at lung injury itself have proven effective in improving outcome of patients with ARDS. Platelet activation was identified as a key component in ARDS pathophysiology and may provide an opportunity for preventive and therapeutic strategies. We hypothesize that use of acetyl salicylic acid (ASA) may prevent and/or attenuate lung injury...
January 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978796/neuropathic-pain-and-lung-delivery-of-nanoparticulate-drugs-an-emerging-novel-therapeutic-strategy
#8
Nazrul Islam, Muzaffar Abbas, Shafiqur Rahman
Neuropathic pain is a chronic neurological disorder affecting millions of people around the world. The currently available pharmacologic agents for the treatment of neuropathic pain have limited efficacy and are associated with dose related unwanted adverse effects. Due to the limited access of drug molecules across blood-brain barrier, a small percentage of drug that is administered systematically, reaches the central nervous system in active form. These therapeutic agents also require daily treatment regimen that is inconvenient and potentially impact patient compliance...
December 12, 2016: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960245/bronchodilators-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-chronic-lung-disease-in-preterm-infants
#9
REVIEW
Geraldine Ng, Orlando da Silva, Arne Ohlsson
BACKGROUND: Chronic lung disease (CLD) occurs frequently in preterm infants. Bronchodilators have the potential effect of dilating small airways with muscle hypertrophy. Increased compliance and tidal volume and decreased pulmonary resistance have been documented with the use of bronchodilators in infants with CLD. Therefore, bronchodilators might have a role in the prevention and treatment of CLD. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of bronchodilators given as prophylaxis or as treatment for CLD on mortality and other complications of preterm birth in infants at risk for or identified as having CLD...
14, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933671/causal-inference-in-obesity-research
#10
REVIEW
P W Franks, N Atabaki-Pasdar
Obesity is a risk factor for a plethora of severe morbidities and premature death. Most supporting evidence comes from observational studies that are prone to chance, bias and confounding. Even data on the protective effects of weight loss from randomized controlled trials will be susceptible to confounding and bias if treatment assignment cannot be masked, which is usually the case with lifestyle and surgical interventions. Thus, whilst obesity is widely considered the major modifiable risk factor for many chronic diseases, its causes and consequences are often difficult to determine...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912964/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-herbal-formula-buzhong-yiqi-tang-for-stable-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#11
REVIEW
Yuanbin Chen, Johannah Linda Shergis, Lei Wu, Xuhua Yu, Qigang Zeng, Yinji Xu, Xinfeng Guo, Anthony Lin Zhang, Charlie Changli Xue, Lin Lin
OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Buzhong Yiqi Tang (BZYQT) for stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Three electronic English databases (PubMed, EMBASE and CENTRAL) and four Chinese databases (CBM, CNKI, CQVIP and WFMO) were searched from their inceptions until 30th June 2016. Participants were diagnosed with COPD according to the Chinese Medical Association's COPD diagnosis and treatment guidelines or Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD), and were in stable stage...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897995/monitoring-of-physiological-parameters-to-predict-exacerbations-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-a-systematic-review
#12
Ahmed M Al Rajeh, John R Hurst
INTRODUCTION: The value of monitoring physiological parameters to predict chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations is controversial. A few studies have suggested benefit from domiciliary monitoring of vital signs, and/or lung function but there is no existing systematic review. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review of the effectiveness of monitoring physiological parameters to predict COPD exacerbation. METHODS: An electronic systematic search compliant with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines was conducted...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890991/pulmonary-alveolar-proteinosis-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-center-and-systematic-review-of-indian-literature
#13
Vijay Hadda, Pawan Tiwari, Karan Madan, Anant Mohan, Nishkarsh Gupta, Sachidanand Jee Bharti, Vinod Kumar, Rakesh Garg, Anjan Trikha, Deepali Jain, Sudheer Arava, Gopi C Khilnani, Randeep Guleria
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare disorder characterized by deposition of lipoproteinaceous material within alveoli, with a variable clinical course. Here, we report an experience of management of PAP at our center. A systematic review of previously reported cases from India is also included in the article. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included patients with primary PAP managed at our center from 2009 to 2015. Diagnosis of primary PAP was based on histopathologic diagnosis on bronchoalveolar lavage or transbronchial lung biopsy and absence of causes of secondary PAP...
November 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881110/prevalence-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Swarna Gaddam, Sameer K Gunukula, James W Lohr, Pradeep Arora
BACKGROUND: The incidence and prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) continue to rise worldwide. Increasing age, diabetes, hypertension, and cigarette smoking are well-recognized risk factors for CKD. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by chronic airway inflammation leading to airway obstruction and parenchymal lung destruction. Due to some of the common pathogenic mechanisms, COPD has been associated with increased prevalence of CKD. METHODS: Systematic review of medical literature reporting the incidence and prevalence of CKD in patients with COPD using the Cochrane Collaboration Methodology, and conduct meta-analysis to study the cumulative effect of the eligible studies...
November 24, 2016: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867558/effectiveness-of-lung-ultrasonography-for-diagnosis-of-pneumonia-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Yang Xia, Yinghua Ying, Shaobin Wang, Wen Li, Huahao Shen
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is usually presented as a forgotten killer, and an early diagnosis could largely improve the prognostic outcomes. Lung ultrasound (LUS) has been universally applied in evaluating multiple pulmonary diseases including pneumonia. However, the diagnosis accuracy of LUS for pneumonia in adults is still uncertain. Hence, we performed a systematic review of the current literature to assess the diagnosis accuracy of LUS for pneumonia in adults. METHODS: PubMed and EMBASE were searched for clinical trials that assessed the detection accuracy of LUS for pneumonia in adult patients...
October 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866277/identification-of-key-cost-generating-events-for-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Shalvaree Vaidya, Clare L Hibbert, Elizabeth Kinter, Stefan Boes
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is an incurable, debilitating disease which impairs lung function and eventually leads to death. Currently, there is a lack of effective modifying therapies and treatments for IPF as the underlying epidemiological mechanism is not clearly understood. This leads to difficulty in diagnosing and managing IPF, which results in a high incurment of disease-associated cost. Even though IPF poses a substantial economic burden, there is a lack of research available on cost triggers and healthcare utilization, which can be a barrier to future economic evaluations of new medicines for IPF...
November 19, 2016: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856478/prognostic-factors-of-idiopathic-inflammatory-myopathies-complicated-with-interstitial-lung-disease-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Hiroyuki Kamiya, Ogee Mer Panlaqui, Shinyu Izumi, Takashi Sozu
INTRODUCTION: Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies may be an overlapping disease complex. Although interstitial lung disease affects the mortality and the morbidity of the disease, a clinical course and the prognosis of the disease complicated with interstitial lung disease are diverse among individuals and prognostic factors have yet to be clarified. This article aims to report the rationale and the methodology of a future intended systematic review and meta-analysis of prognostic factors of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies complicated with interstitial lung disease...
November 17, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842552/circulating-biomarkers-of-oxidative-stress-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Elisabetta Zinellu, Angelo Zinellu, Alessandro Giuseppe Fois, Ciriaco Carru, Pietro Pirina
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive condition characterized by airflow limitation associated with an abnormal inflammatory response of the lungs to noxious particles and gases, caused primarily by cigarette smoking. Increased oxidative burden plays an important role in the pathogenesis of COPD. There is a delicate balance between the toxicity of oxidants and the protective function of the intracellular and extracellular antioxidant defense systems, which is critically important for the maintenance of normal pulmonary functions...
November 14, 2016: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826571/lymph-node-dissection-after-pulmonary-resection-for-lung-cancer-a-mini-review
#19
REVIEW
Stylianos Korasidis, Cecilia Menna, Claudio Andreetti, Giulio Maurizi, Antonio D'Andrilli, Anna Maria Ciccone, Francesco Cassiano, Erino Angelo Rendina, Mohsen Ibrahim
An accurate staging of a malignant disease is imperative in order to plan pre- and post-operative therapy, define prognosis and compare studies. According to the European Society of Thoracic Surgeons (ESTS) guidelines a systematic lymph node (LN) dissection is recommended in all cases of pulmonary resection for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The current lung cancer staging system considers the lymphatic stations involved but not the number of LNs. Up to date, published scientific studies on hilar and mediastinal lymphadenectomy mainly have been regarded the type of LN dissection procedure after pulmonary resection (selected LN biopsy, LN sampling, systematic nodal dissection, lobe specific nodal dissection and extended LN dissection) focusing particularly on the comparison between mediastinal LN dissection (MLND) and mediastinal LN sampling (MLNS)...
October 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812638/is-there-a-rationale-for-pulmonary-rehabilitation-following-successful-chemotherapy-for-tuberculosis
#20
Marcela Muñoz-Torrico, Adrian Rendon, Rosella Centis, Lia D'Ambrosio, Zhenia Fuentes, Carlos Torres-Duque, Fernanda Mello, Margareth Dalcolmo, Rogelio Pérez-Padilla, Antonio Spanevello, Giovanni Battista Migliori
The role of tuberculosis as a public health care priority and the availability of diagnostic tools to evaluate functional status (spirometry, plethysmography, and DLCO determination), arterial blood gases, capacity to perform exercise, lesions (chest X-ray and CT), and quality of life justify the effort to consider what needs to be done when patients have completed their treatment. To our knowledge, no review has ever evaluated this topic in a comprehensive manner. Our objective was to review the available evidence on this topic and draw conclusions regarding the future role of the "post-tuberculosis treatment" phase, which will potentially affect several million cases every year...
September 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
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