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lung pulmonary systematic review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229259/effects-of-positive-airway-pressure-and-mechanical-ventilation-of-the-lungs-during-cardiopulmonary-bypass-on-pulmonary-adverse-events-after-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Yi-Chia Wang, Chi-Hsiang Huang, Yu-Kang Tu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether different ventilation strategies during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) can improve outcomes in adult cardiac surgery patients. DESIGN: Systematic review of randomized controlled trials with meta-analyses. SETTING: Clinical trials for human studies up to July 2016 were obtained from electronic databases (Medline, Embase, PubMed, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) and reference lists of relevant randomized trials and review articles...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221480/prevalence-and-etiologies-of-pulmonary-hypertension-in-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Jean Joel Bigna, Jean Jacques Noubiap, Jobert Richie Nansseu, Leopold Ndemnge Aminde
BACKGROUND: Despite the recent increasing worldwide attention towards pulmonary hypertension (PH), its epidemiology remains poorly described in Africa. Accordingly, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of PH prevalence, incidence and etiologies in Africa. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, African Journals Online, and Africa Index Medicus. Published observational studies until September 20, 2017, including adult participants residing in Africa were considered...
December 8, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221303/the-society-for-translational-medicine-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-postoperative-management-of-chest-tube-for-patients-undergoing-lobectomy
#3
REVIEW
Shugeng Gao, Zhongheng Zhang, Javier Aragón, Alessandro Brunelli, Stephen Cassivi, Ying Chai, Chang Chen, Chun Chen, Gang Chen, Haiquan Chen, Jin-Shing Chen, David Tom Cooke, John B Downs, Pierre-Emmanuel Falcoz, Wentao Fang, Pier Luigi Filosso, Xiangning Fu, Seth D Force, Martínez I Garutti, Diego Gonzalez-Rivas, Dominique Gossot, Henrik Jessen Hansen, Jianxing He, Jie He, Bo Laksáfoss Holbek, Jian Hu, Yunchao Huang, Mohsen Ibrahim, Andrea Imperatori, Mahmoud Ismail, Gening Jiang, Hongjing Jiang, Zhongmin Jiang, Hyun Koo Kim, Danqing Li, Gaofeng Li, Hui Li, Qiang Li, Xiaofei Li, Yin Li, Zhijun Li, Eric Lim, Chia-Chuan Liu, Deruo Liu, Lunxu Liu, Yongyi Liu, Kevin W Lobdell, Haitao Ma, Weimin Mao, Yousheng Mao, Juwei Mou, Calvin Sze Hang Ng, Nuria M Novoa, René H Petersen, Hiroyuki Oizumi, Kostas Papagiannopoulos, Cecilia Pompili, Guibin Qiao, Majed Refai, Gaetano Rocco, Erico Ruffini, Michele Salati, Agathe Seguin-Givelet, Alan Dart Loon Sihoe, Lijie Tan, Qunyou Tan, Tang Tong, Kosmas Tsakiridis, Federico Venuta, Giulia Veronesi, Nestor Villamizar, Haidong Wang, Qun Wang, Ruwen Wang, Shumin Wang, Gavin M Wright, Deyao Xie, Qi Xue, Tao Xue, Lin Xu, Shidong Xu, Songtao Xu, Tiansheng Yan, Fenglei Yu, Zhentao Yu, Chunfang Zhang, Lanjun Zhang, Tao Zhang, Xun Zhang, Xiaojing Zhao, Xuewei Zhao, Xiuyi Zhi, Qinghua Zhou
The Society for Translational Medicine and The Chinese Society for Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery conducted a systematic review of the literature in an attempt to improve our understanding in the postoperative management of chest tubes of patients undergoing pulmonary lobectomy. Recommendations were produced and classified based on an internationally accepted GRADE system. The following recommendations were extracted in the present review: (I) chest tubes can be removed safely with daily pleural fluid of up to 450 mL (non-chylous and non-sanguinous), which may reduce chest tube duration and hospital length of stay (2B); (II) in rare instances, e...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221302/the-society-for-translational-medicine-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-mechanical-ventilation-management-for-patients-undergoing-lobectomy
#4
REVIEW
Shugeng Gao, Zhongheng Zhang, Alessandro Brunelli, Chang Chen, Chun Chen, Gang Chen, Haiquan Chen, Jin-Shing Chen, Stephen Cassivi, Ying Chai, John B Downs, Wentao Fang, Xiangning Fu, Martínez I Garutti, Jianxing He, Jie He, Jian Hu, Yunchao Huang, Gening Jiang, Hongjing Jiang, Zhongmin Jiang, Danqing Li, Gaofeng Li, Hui Li, Qiang Li, Xiaofei Li, Yin Li, Zhijun Li, Chia-Chuan Liu, Deruo Liu, Lunxu Liu, Yongyi Liu, Haitao Ma, Weimin Mao, Yousheng Mao, Juwei Mou, Calvin Sze Hang Ng, René H Petersen, Guibin Qiao, Gaetano Rocco, Erico Ruffini, Lijie Tan, Qunyou Tan, Tang Tong, Haidong Wang, Qun Wang, Ruwen Wang, Shumin Wang, Deyao Xie, Qi Xue, Tao Xue, Lin Xu, Shidong Xu, Songtao Xu, Tiansheng Yan, Fenglei Yu, Zhentao Yu, Chunfang Zhang, Lanjun Zhang, Tao Zhang, Xun Zhang, Xiaojing Zhao, Xuewei Zhao, Xiuyi Zhi, Qinghua Zhou
Patients undergoing lobectomy are at significantly increased risk of lung injury. One-lung ventilation is the most commonly used technique to maintain ventilation and oxygenation during the operation. It is a challenge to choose an appropriate mechanical ventilation strategy to minimize the lung injury and other adverse clinical outcomes. In order to understand the available evidence, a systematic review was conducted including the following topics: (I) protective ventilation (PV); (II) mode of mechanical ventilation [e...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196242/imaging-aspects-of-interstitial-lung-disease-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-literature-review
#5
REVIEW
Alexandra Balbir-Gurman, Ludmila Guralnik, Mordechai Yigla, Yolanda Braun-Moscovici, Emilia Hardak
OBJECTIVE: Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a frequent and severe complication of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), resulting in pulmonary fibrosis and respiratory failure (PF). METHODS: Chest computed tomography (CT-c) or high resolution CT (HRCT) is the main modality for assessment of ILD. We performed a systematic literature review on CT-c/HRCT findings in patients with ILD-RA, using the MEDLINE database for the period from 1991 to 2015. RESULTS: Findings on CT-c/HRCT attributed to ILD-RA are variable (ground glass opacities, reticular and nodular pattern, as well as a combined pattern of emphysema and PF)...
November 28, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196066/cough-due-to-tuberculosis-and-other-chronic-infections-chest-guideline-and-expert-panel-report
#6
Stephen K Field, Patricio Escalante, Dina A Fisher, Belinda Ireland, Richard S Irwin
BACKGROUND: Cough is common in pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and other chronic respiratory infections. Identifying features that predict whether pulmonary TB is the cause would help target appropriate individuals for rapid and cost-effective screening, potentially limiting disease progression, and preventing transmission to others. METHODS: A systematic literature search for individual studies to answer 8 Key questions (KQ) was conducted according to established Chest Organization methods using the following databases: MEDLINE via PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from 1/1/1984 to April 2014...
November 28, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180901/enhanced-recovery-programs-in-lung-cancer-surgery-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
Shuangjiang Li, Kun Zhou, Guowei Che, Mei Yang, Jianhua Su, Cheng Shen, Pengming Yu
Background: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program is an effective evidence-based multidisciplinary protocol of perioperative care, but its roles in thoracic surgery remain unclear. This systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) aims to investigate the efficacy and safety of the ERAS programs for lung cancer surgery. Materials and methods: We searched the PubMed and EMBASE databases to identify the RCTs that implemented an ERAS program encompassing more than four care elements within at least two phases of perioperative care in lung cancer surgery...
2017: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174221/lung-toxicity-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-exposed-to-alk-inhibitors-report-of-a-peculiar-case-and-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#8
REVIEW
Benedetta Pellegrino, Francesco Facchinetti, Paola Bordi, Mario Silva, Letizia Gnetti, Marcello Tiseo
Lung toxicity is a potential fatal effect involving non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients exposed to tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). Moving from our experience regarding a patient who developed lung toxicity while receiving 2 different anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-TKIs, we performed a systematic review to assess the epidemiologic magnitude and the clinical significance of such toxicity in NSCLC patients treated with ALK-TKIs. Studies were identified using MEDLINE and additional sources (European Society for Medical Oncology, American Society of Clinical Oncology, and World Conference on Lung Cancer abstracts) in agreement with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses and Cochrane guidelines...
October 28, 2017: Clinical Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164566/drug-related-oral-malodour-halitosis-a-literature-review
#9
M Torsten, G Gómez-Moreno, A Aguilar-Salvatierra
Dry mouth (xerostomia), is a fairly common, well-researched condition, which is an indirect cause of oral malodour. This systematic literature review looked into another cause of bad breath: adverse drug reactions in the orofacial region causing halitosis. The study focused on extraoral halitosis, and its subdivisions, particularly blood borne halitosis in which malodourous compounds in the blood stream are carried to the lungs, passively diffused across the pulmonary alveolar membrane to enter the breath. An electronic search was conducted in various databases...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154106/diagnostic-criteria-for-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-a-fleischner-society-white-paper
#10
REVIEW
David A Lynch, Nicola Sverzellati, William D Travis, Kevin K Brown, Thomas V Colby, Jeffrey R Galvin, Jonathan G Goldin, David M Hansell, Yoshikazu Inoue, Takeshi Johkoh, Andrew G Nicholson, Shandra L Knight, Suhail Raoof, Luca Richeldi, Christopher J Ryerson, Jay H Ryu, Athol U Wells
This Review provides an updated approach to the diagnosis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), based on a systematic search of the medical literature and the expert opinion of members of the Fleischner Society. A checklist is provided for the clinical evaluation of patients with suspected usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP). The role of CT is expanded to permit diagnosis of IPF without surgical lung biopsy in select cases when CT shows a probable UIP pattern. Additional investigations, including surgical lung biopsy, should be considered in patients with either clinical or CT findings that are indeterminate for IPF...
November 15, 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138242/role-of-ecmo-in-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#11
REVIEW
Merrill McHoney, Philip Hammond
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is typified morphologically by failure of diaphragmatic development with accompanying lung hypoplasia and persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). Patients who have labile physiology and low preductal saturations despite optimal ventilatory and inotropic support may be considered for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Systematic reviews into the benefits of ECMO in CDH concluded that any benefit is unclear. Few randomised trials exist to demonstrate clear benefit and guide management...
November 14, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112644/is-lung-ultrasound-useful-for-diagnosing-pneumonia-in-children-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#12
Hua Xin, Jie Li, Hai-Yang Hu
BACKGROUND: Childhood mortality due to pneumonia is high. Chest radiography is the primary imaging modality used for the evaluation of pneumonia in children. Lung ultrasonography (LUS) is a newer, alternative diagnostic method that has been gaining popularity in recent years. We conducted a meta-analysis to summarize the diagnostic usefulness of LUS for childhood pneumonia. METHODS: All studies included in this meta-analysis were retrieved from PubMed, Elsevier's Science Direct, and Springer, and by manual searches including the use of reference lists, through March 31, 2017...
November 6, 2017: Ultrasound Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106307/menopause-lung-function-and-obstructive-lung-disease-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#13
B Campbell, S R Davis, M J Abramson, G Mishra, D J Handelsman, J L Perret, S C Dharmage
BACKGROUND: The menopausal transition may have significant consequences for respiratory health, risk of chronic respiratory disease and management strategies. OBJECTIVE: To systematically summarize the literature regarding the impact of menopause status on respiratory health outcomes. METHODS: PubMed was searched systematically to identify population-based studies investigating the associations between menopause status and respiratory outcomes including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), respiratory symptoms and lung function...
November 6, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078696/vats-segmentectomy-an-underused-option
#14
REVIEW
Paolo Mendogni, Davide Tosi, Lorenzo Rosso, Alessandro Palleschi, Margherita Cattaneo, Alessandra Mazzucco, Mario Nosotti
It is well known that the "gold standard" procedure for surgically resectable early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), is pulmonary lobectomy. Even though sublobar resections (SLR), particularly segmentectomy, seem attractive as an alternative to lobectomy in early stage lung cancers, they are still debated procedures. The aim of this study is to answer to the question: "Is VATS lung segmentectomy an underused option?" To obtain an answer to this query, the authors carried out a review of the "state of the art" as follows: (I) performing a non-systematic review of the literature; (II) analyzing the review articles published; (III) looking at the ongoing studies, the results of which have not yet published; (IV) scanning the technical aspect of lung segmentectomy...
2017: Journal of Visualized Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059621/short-term-ozone-exposure-and-asthma-severity-weight-of-evidence-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Julie E Goodman, Ke Zu, Christine T Loftus, Heather N Lynch, Robyn L Prueitt, Isaac Mohar, Sara Pacheco Shubin, Sonja N Sax
To determine whether evidence indicates that short-term exposure to ambient concentrations of ozone in the United States can affect asthma severity, we systematically reviewed published controlled human exposure, epidemiology, and animal toxicity studies. The strongest evidence for a potential causal relationship came from epidemiology studies reporting increased emergency department visits and hospital admissions for asthma following elevated ambient ozone concentrations. However, while controlled exposure studies reported lung function decrements and increased asthma symptoms following high ozone exposures 160-400 parts per billion [ppb]), epidemiology studies evaluating similar outcomes reported less consistent results...
October 20, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058607/aerosol-delivery-during-invasive-mechanical-ventilation-a-systematic-review
#16
Jonathan Dugernier, Stephan Ehrmann, Thierry Sottiaux, Jean Roeseler, Xavier Wittebole, Thierry Dugernier, François Jamar, Pierre-François Laterre, Gregory Reychler
BACKGROUND: This systematic review aimed to assess inhaled drug delivery in mechanically ventilated patients or in animal models. Whole lung and regional deposition and the impact of the ventilator circuit, the artificial airways and the administration technique for aerosol delivery were analyzed. METHODS: In vivo studies assessing lung deposition during invasive mechanical ventilation were selected based on a systematic search among four databases. Two investigators independently assessed the eligibility and the risk of bias...
October 21, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045045/mesenchymal-stromal-cell-therapy-in-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-preclinical-studies
#17
Sajit Augustine, Marc T Avey, Brittany Harrison, Tiffany Locke, Mona Ghannad, David Moher, Bernard Thébaud
Extreme prematurity is the leading cause of death among children under 5 years of age. Currently, there is no treatment for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), the most common complication of extreme prematurity. Experimental studies in animal models of BPD suggest that mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are lung protective. To date, no systematic review and meta-analysis has evaluated the preclinical evidence of this promising therapy. Our protocol was registered with Collaborative Approach to Meta-Analysis and Review of Animal Data from Experimental Studies prior to searching MEDLINE (1946 to June 1, 2015), Embase (1947 to 2015 Week 22), Pubmed, Web of Science, and conference proceedings (1990 to present) for controlled comparative studies of neonatal animal models that received MSCs or cell free MSC-derived conditioned media (MSC-CM)...
October 17, 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038056/worldwide-prevalence-of-viral-infection-in-aecopd-patients-a-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Habib Jafarinejad, Mohsen Moghoofei, Shayan Mostafaei, Jafar Salimian, Sadegh Azimzadeh Jamalkandi, Ali Ahmadi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic progressive lung disease. On the other hand, viral infections of the airway are associated with the acute exacerbations of COPD. A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to determine the prevalence rate of viral infections in acute exacerbations of COPD patients. METHODS: PubMed database was systematically searched for population-based prevalence studies (1930-2017). Fixed and random effects models were used for estimation of summary effect-sizes...
October 14, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975027/second-lung-malignancy-and-richter-syndrome-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
Ghassen Soussi, Selsabil Daboussi, Samira Mhamdi, Zied Moatemri, Hela Ghedira, Chiraz Aichaouia, Mohsen Khadhraoui, Faouzi El Mezni, Rezaik Cheikh
BACKGROUND: Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most frequent lymphoproliferative disease. Transformation into Richter disease and occurrence of second malignancies involving the lungs are rare complications. The hallmarks of any thoracic involvement are still unknown. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 56-year-old male patient, with history of tobacco smoking, who presented with recurrent hemoptysis, fatigue and weight loss. Physical examination was normal except a slightly enlarged supraclavicular lymph node...
2017: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953074/constrictive-bronchiolitis-attributable-to-inhalation-of-toxic-agents-considerations-for-a-case-definition
#20
Daniel E Banks, Caroline A Bolduc, Sayed Ali, Michael J Morris
OBJECTIVE: We identified cases of Constrictive Bronchiolitis (CB), an inflammatory injury obliterating the small airways, in adults caused by inhalational exposure to determine an appropriate case definition. METHODS: We performed a systematic review with meta-analysis for these cases from 1990 to 2017. Publications were included if there was 1) inhalational exposure; 2) respiratory symptoms/signs; 3) pulmonary function test results; and 4) computerized tomographic chest imaging...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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