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lung pulmonary systematic review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683754/micrornas-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-new-research-progress-and-their-pathophysiological-implication
#1
Chenggui Miao, Youyi Xiong, Guoxue Zhang, Jun Chang
Many studies have shown that microRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in the development of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). The purpose of this review is to systematically summarize the recent advance of miRNAs in the pathology of IPF, highlighting the new research progress and their pathophysiological implication. Recent studies have shown that miRNAs differentially expressed in blood and lung tissue from IPF patients are closely related to the occurrence of IPF disease, which may be IPF diagnostic markers and prognostic indicators...
April 23, 2018: Experimental Lung Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678450/effects-of-exercise-training-on-pulmonary-function-in-adults-with-chronic-lung-disease-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#2
REVIEW
Pablo A Salcedo, Jacob B Lindheimer, Jacquelyn C Klein-Adams, Anays M Sotolongo, Michael J Falvo
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the effect of exercise training on indices of pulmonary function in adults with chronic lung disease using meta-analytic techniques. Whole body exercise training is well-known to confer favorable adaptations to multiple organ systems; however, exercise-induced adaptations to the respiratory system are assumed to be limited, if present at all, but have not been systematically reviewed. DATA SOURCES: Eligible trials were identified using a systematic search of Medline, Web of Science, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) and GoogleScholar databases...
April 17, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601314/diagnostic-accuracy-of-chest-radiograph-and-when-concomitantly-studied-lung-ultrasound-in-critically-ill-patients-with-respiratory-symptoms-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Michiel H Winkler, Hugo R Touw, Peter M van de Ven, Jos Twisk, Pieter R Tuinman
OBJECTIVES: Chest radiograph is considered the first-line diagnostic imaging modality for patients presenting with pulmonary symptoms in the ICU. In this meta-analysis, we aim to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of chest radiograph, and when concomitantly studied lung ultrasound, in comparison with the gold-standard CT for adult critically ill patients with respiratory symptoms. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, EMBASE, and Gray literature. STUDY SELECTION: Studies comparing chest radiograph, and if performed lung ultrasound, with CT for adult ICU patients with respiratory symptoms...
March 29, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595991/the-clinical-effects-of-manipulative-therapy-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#4
Jayde Galletti, George Mcheileh, Andrew Hahne, Annemarie Louise Lee
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the effects of manipulative therapies (MT), including spinal manipulation, and diaphragmatic release techniques on lung function, exercise capacity, symptoms, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DESIGN: Systematic review. PARTICIPANTS: People diagnosed with COPD. INTERVENTION: Randomized controlled trials of MT (either with or without pulmonary rehabilitation [PR]) compared to other treatments (soft tissue [ST] therapy or sham therapy) applied in people with COPD were identified following the search of seven databases...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587761/evaluation-of-oxidative-stress-biomarkers-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-and-therapeutic-applications-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Alessandro G Fois, Panagiotis Paliogiannis, Salvatore Sotgia, Arduino A Mangoni, Elisabetta Zinellu, Pietro Pirina, Ciriaco Carru, Angelo Zinellu
INTRODUCTION: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), a fatal lung disease of unknown origin, is characterized by chronic and progressive fibrosing interstitial pneumonia which progressively impairs lung function. Oxidative stress is one of the main pathogenic pathways in IPF. The aim of this systematic review was to describe the type of markers of oxidative stress identified in different biological specimens and the effects of antioxidant therapies in patients with IPF. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search of publications listed in electronic databases (Pubmed, Web of Science, Scopus and Google Scholar) from inception to October 2017...
March 27, 2018: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550204/a-texture-analysis-based-prediction-model-for-lymph-node-metastasis-in-stage-ia-lung-adenocarcinoma
#6
Yawei Gu, Yunlang She, Chenyang Dai, Yijiu Ren, Ziwen Fan, Huiyuan Zhu, Xiwen Sun, Huikang Xie, Gening Jiang, Dong Xie, Chang Chen
BACKGROUND: Some clinical N0 lung adenocarcinoma have been pathologically diagnosed as N1 or N2. To improve the preoperative diagnostic accuracy of lymph node (LN) disease, we developed a prediction model for LN metastasis in cT1N0M0 lung adenocarcinoma based on computed tomography (CT) texture analysis and clinical characteristics to estimate the probability of LN metastasis. METHODS: The records of 501 consecutive patients with cT1N0M0 lung adenocarcinoma who underwent CT scan and pulmonary resection with systematic lymph nodes dissection or lymph nodes sampling were reviewed...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550111/pulmonary-manifestations-in-late-versus-early-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Jennifer L Medlin, Karen E Hansen, Sara S McCoy, Christie M Bartels
OBJECTIVES: Phenotypes differ between late- and early-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Prior studies suggested that there may be more pulmonary disease among late-onset patients. Our objective was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the differences in pulmonary manifestations in late- versus early-onset SLE. METHODS: We searched the literature using PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE. We excluded studies that did not include American College of Rheumatology SLE classification criteria, an early-onset SLE comparison group, or those that defined late-onset SLE as <50 years of age...
January 31, 2018: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526703/the-chemistry-and-pharmacology-of-ligularia-przewalskii-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Shi-Jun Liu, Zhi-Shu Tang, Zhi-Xin Liao, Chun-Li Cui, Hong-Bo Liu, Yan-Ni Liang, Yu Zhang, Hong-Bo Xu, Dong-Bo Zhang, Ya-Ting Zheng, Huan-Xian Shi, Shi-Ying Li
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ligularia przewalskii (Maxim.) Diels (LP) (called zhangyetuowu in Chinese), is generally found in moist forest areas in the western regions of China. The root, leaves and flower of LP are utilized as a common traditional medicine in China. It has been utilized conventionally in herbal remedies for the remedy of haemoptysis, asthma, pulmonary phthisis, jaundice hepatitis, food poisoning, bronchitis, cough, fever, wound healing, measles, carbuncle, swelling and phlegm diseases...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520136/early-life-insults-as-determinants-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-adult-life
#9
REVIEW
Osman Savran, Charlotte Suppli Ulrik
Background: Early life events may predispose to the development of chronic lung disease in adulthood. Aim: To provide an update on current knowledge of early nongenetic origins of COPD. Materials and methods: Systematic literature review was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Results: A total of 16 studies, comprising 69,365 individuals, met the predefined criteria and were included in the present review...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510817/pulmonary-artery-perfusion-versus-no-pulmonary-per-fusion-during-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#10
Katrine Bredahl Buggeskov

During conventional cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) there is no active perfusion of the pulmonary circulation and the mechanical ventilation is ceased leaving the lungs exposed to warm ischemia.
 
Pulmonary dysfunction is seen in varying degrees after major surgery, but more severe in cardiac surgery patients probably due to the effects of CPB. The evidence for effect and safety are limited, but active pulmonary artery perfusion during CPB could be beneficial for the patients' postoperative oxygenation...
March 2018: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510429/perioperative-complications-of-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-pulmonary-procedures-in-neonates-and-infants
#11
Christoph Zoeller, Benno M Ure, Jens Dingemann
INTRODUCTION:  Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has gained broad acceptance among pediatric surgeons. Today, VATS can be regarded as a routine approach for various conditions in neonates and infants. However, there is a lack of information concerning the complications of thoracoscopic pulmonary surgery in neonates and infants. We aimed to review the available data. PATIENTS AND METHODS:  A systematic review of the literature was performed using PubMed...
March 6, 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502338/efficacy-and-safety-of-phosphodiesterase-4-inhibitors-in-patients-with-asthma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Jian Luo, Ling Yang, Jing Yang, Dan Yang, Bi-Cui Liu, Dan Liu, Bin-Miao Liang, Chun-Tao Liu
Phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitors are a novel medication approved for airway inflammatory diseases including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Their role and application in asthma are controversial and not defined. A comprehensive search was performed in major databases (1946-2016) using the keywords: 'phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor' or 'roflumilast' and 'asthma'. Placebo-controlled trials reporting lung function, airway hyperresponsiveness by direct challenge, asthma control and exacerbations, and adverse events were included...
March 4, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463357/point-of-care-ultrasound-for-pulmonary-concerns-in-remote-spaceflight-triage-environments
#13
Benjamin D Johansen, Rebecca S Blue, Tarah L Castleberry, Erik L Antonsen, James M Vanderploeg
INTRODUCTION: With the development of the commercial space industry, growing numbers of spaceflight participants will engage in activities with a risk for pulmonary injuries, including pneumothorax, ebullism, and decompression sickness, as well as other concomitant trauma. Medical triage capabilities for mishaps involving pulmonary conditions have not been systematically reviewed. Recent studies have advocated the use of point-of-care ultrasound to screen for lung injury or illness. The operational utility of portable ultrasound systems in disaster relief and other austere settings may be relevant to commercial spaceflight...
February 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463286/bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-clinical-aspects-and-preventive-and-therapeutic-strategies
#14
REVIEW
Nicola Principi, Giada Maria Di Pietro, Susanna Esposito
BACKGROUND: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is the result of a complex process in which several prenatal and/or postnatal factors interfere with lower respiratory tract development, leading to a severe, lifelong disease. In this review, what is presently known regarding BPD pathogenesis, its impact on long-term pulmonary morbidity and mortality and the available preventive and therapeutic strategies are discussed. MAIN BODY: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia is associated with persistent lung impairment later in life, significantly impacting health services because subjects with BPD have, in most cases, frequent respiratory diseases and reductions in quality of life and life expectancy...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459175/-alveolar-hemorrhage-and-cocaine-use
#15
REVIEW
M Underner, J Perriot, B Wallaert, G Peiffer, J-C Meurice, N Jaafari
In France, cocaine is the second most commonly illicit drug used after cannabis. Cocaine, mainly smoked in the form of crack, can be responsible for a wide range of respiratory disorders. The aim of this systematic literature review was to clarify what is known about the link between cocaine use and alveolar hemorrhage. We performed a Medline search covering the period 1980-2016 and collected data from 84 articles. The number of acute forms described in the literature is small but postmortem studies show that hidden forms are frequent...
February 16, 2018: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443734/prognostic-significance-of-pulmonary-hypertension-in-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Diandian Li, Bo Wang, Hao Wang, Qun Liu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is frequently found in advanced parenchymal lung diseases like cystic fibrosis (CF), but the role played by PH in the clinical outcome of CF patients remains unclear. The aim of this study is to determine the influence of PH on survival in the CF population by meta-analysis. METHODS: Publications addressing the associations between PH and overall survival (OS) or other clinical characteristics in CF patients were selected from electronic databases...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435629/long-term-survival-and-prognostic-factors-of-pulmonary-metastasectomy-in-liver-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Chong Wang, Lei Yang, Zikun Liang, Yaodong Liu, Shuku Liu
BACKGROUND: Lung is the most common extrahepatic metastatic organ of liver cancer. Surgical resection is a common local treatment for pulmonary metastasis. But the long-term prognosis of pulmonary metastasectomy varies greatly due to the small sample size and different results of previous studies. Therefore, we conducted this meta-analysis to evaluate the combined 5-year overall survival (OS) rate and prognostic factors after pulmonary metastasectomy in liver cancer. METHODS: Key words such as liver cancer pulmonary metastasis and metastasectomy were retrieved firstly in PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase and Chinese Wanfang databases...
February 12, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430442/effects-of-peep-on-lung-injury-pulmonary-function-systemic-circulation-and-mortality-in-animals-with-uninjured-lungs-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Anna Geke Algera, Luigi Pisani, Renato Carneiro de Freitas Chaves, Thiago Chaves Amorim, Thomas Cherpanath, Rogier Determann, Dave A Dongelmans, Frederique Paulus, Pieter Roel Tuinman, Paolo Pelosi, Marcelo Gama de Abreu, Marcus J Schultz, Ary Serpa Neto
It is well-known that positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) can prevent ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) and improve pulmonary physiology in animals with injured lungs. It's uncertain whether PEEP has similar effects in animals with uninjured lungs. A systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing different PEEP levels in animals with uninjured lungs was performed. Trials in animals with injured lungs were excluded, as were trials that compared ventilation strategies that also differed with respect to other ventilation settings, e...
January 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419895/pulmonary-artery-perfusion-versus-no-perfusion-during-cardiopulmonary-bypass-for-open-heart-surgery-in-adults
#19
REVIEW
Katrine B Buggeskov, Lars Grønlykke, Emilie C Risom, Mao Ling Wei, Jørn Wetterslev
BACKGROUND: Available evidence has been inconclusive on whether pulmonary artery perfusion during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is associated with decreased or increased mortality, pulmonary events, and serious adverse events (SAEs) after open heart surgery. To our knowledge, no previous systematic reviews have included meta-analyses of these interventions. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of single-shot or continuous pulmonary artery perfusion with blood (oxygenated or deoxygenated) or a preservation solution compared with no perfusion during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in terms of mortality, pulmonary events, serious adverse events (SAEs), and increased inflammatory markers for adult surgical patients...
February 8, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413507/respiratory-effects-of-trichloroethylene
#20
REVIEW
Orianne Dumas, Thomas Despreaux, Frédéric Perros, Edmund Lau, Pascal Andujar, Marc Humbert, David Montani, Alexis Descatha
Trichloroethylene (TCE) is a chlorinated solvent that has been used widely around the world in the twentieth century for metal degreasing and dry cleaning. Although TCE displays general toxicity and is classified as a human carcinogen, the association between TCE exposure and respiratory disorders are conflicting. In this review we aimed to systematically evaluate the current evidence for the respiratory effects of TCE exposure and the implications for the practicing clinician. There is limited evidence of an increased risk of lung cancer associated with TCE exposure based on animal and human data...
January 2018: Respiratory Medicine
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