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lung pulmonary systematic review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801434/comparative-effectiveness-of-six-chinese-herb-formulas-for-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-protocol-for-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#1
Shaonan Liu, Jing Chen, Yihan He, Lei Wu, Jiaqi Lai, Jinhong Zuo, Lihong Yang, Xinfeng Guo
INTRODUCTION: Chinese medicine is commonly used to combine with pharmacotherapy for the treatment of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). Six Chinese herb formulas involving Weijing decoction, Maxingshigan decoction, Yuebijiabanxia decoction, Qingqihuatan decoction, Dingchuan decoction and Sangbaipi decoction are recommended in Chinese medicine clinical guideline or textbook, to relieve patients with phlegm-heat according to Chinese syndrome differentiation...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776088/impact-of-partial-volume-correction-in-oncological-pet-studies-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Matthijs C F Cysouw, Gerbrand M Kramer, Linda J Schoonmade, Ronald Boellaard, Henrica C W de Vet, Otto S Hoekstra
PURPOSE: Positron-emission tomography can be useful in oncology for diagnosis, (re)staging, determining prognosis, and response assessment. However, partial-volume effects hamper accurate quantification of lesions <2-3× the PET system's spatial resolution, and the clinical impact of this is not evident. This systematic review provides an up-to-date overview of studies investigating the impact of partial-volume correction (PVC) in oncological PET studies. METHODS: We searched in PubMed and Embase databases according to the PRISMA statement, including studies from inception till May 9, 2016...
August 4, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732833/the-multiple-dimensions-of-platypnea-orthodeoxia-syndrome-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Abhinav Agrawal, Atul Palkar, Arunabh Talwar
Platypnea-Orthodeoxia syndrome (POS) is a rare clinical entity characterized by dyspnea and arterial desaturation while in the upright position. The various pathophysiologic mechanisms leading to POS has puzzled clinicians for years. The hypoxia in POS has been attributed to the mixing of the deoxygenated venous blood with the oxygenated arterial blood via a shunt. The primary mechanisms of POS in these patients can be broadly classified based on intracardiac abnormalities, extracardiac abnormalities and miscellaneous etiologies...
August 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713683/do-we-really-care-about-incidental-lung-nodules-review-of-atypical-lung-carcinoid-and-a-proposal-for-systematic-patient-follow-up
#4
Henal Motiwala, Itisha Bansal, Pradeep Goyal, Olena Dorokhova, Yogesh Kumar, Thomas D Olsavsky, Albert DiMeo, Nishant Gupta
Atypical lung carcinoids are intermediate-grade neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) with malignant potential. They are often detected incidentally on imaging done for non-related causes, as the patients are frequently asymptomatic. Histopathology is required to confirm the diagnosis with immunohistochemistry (IHC). Due to their indolent nature, these are often diagnosed only in the advanced stages. Treatment options include chemoradiation for widespread disease versus surgery for local or minimally invasive disease...
June 2017: Translational Lung Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694697/double-bronchodilation-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-crude-analysis-from-a-systematic-review
#5
Jose Luis Lopez-Campos, Carmen Calero-Acuña, Eduardo Márquez-Martín, Esther Quintana Gallego, Laura Carrasco-Hernández, Maria Abad Arranz, Francisco Ortega Ruiz
OBJECTIVE: The combination of a long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) and a long-acting β2-agonist (LABA) in a single inhaler is a viable treatment option for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Here, we systematically review the current knowledge on double bronchodilation for the treatment of COPD, with a specific focus on its efficacy versus placebo and/or monotherapy bronchodilation. METHODS: A systematic review of clinical trials investigating LABA/LAMA combination therapies was conducted...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693598/clinical-manifestations-and-diagnostic-methods-in-pulmonary-angiosarcoma-protocol-for-a-scoping-review
#6
Rachel Lim, Lea Harper, John Swiston
BACKGROUND: Angiosarcoma involving the lung can represent either primary or metastatic malignancy. Due to the rarity of this condition, knowledge surrounding the natural history and clinical presentation is scarce. The aim of this scoping review is to summarize the existing literature on pulmonary angiosarcoma, particularly as it pertains to the clinical presentation and ancillary tests used for diagnosis in addition to histopathology. METHODS: We will conduct a systematic search using Ovid MEDLINE and EMBASE electronic databases...
July 10, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688479/physiological-closed-loop-control-in-intelligent-oxygen-therapy-a-review
#7
REVIEW
Daniel Sanchez-Morillo, Osama Olaby, Miguel Angel Fernandez-Granero, Antonio Leon-Jimenez
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Oxygen therapy has become a standard care for the treatment of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and other hypoxemic chronic lung diseases. In current systems, manually continuous adjustment of O2 flow rate is a time-consuming task, often unsuccessful, that requires experienced staff. The primary aim of this systematic review is to collate and report on the principles, algorithms and accuracy of autonomous physiological close-loop controlled oxygen devices as well to present recommendations for future research and studies in this area...
July 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688290/the-efficacy-of-plant-extract-and-bioactive-compounds-approaches-in-the-treatment-of-pulmonary-fibrosis-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Sana Bahri, Ridha Ben Ali, Anouar Abidi, Saloua Jameleddine
Pulmonary fibrosis (PF) is a lethal, chronic and progressive respiratory disease leading to interstitial lung damage and serious breathing problems. The pathogenic mechanism involves activation, migration, proliferation and differentiation of fibroblasts into myofibroblats inducing extracellular matrix accumulation that destroy lung parenchyma. Available antifibrotic treatment options are limited to Pirfenidone and Nintedanib that prevent deterioration without an improvement of this disease. The use of plant extracts and natural bioactive compounds for the treatment of PF has been known for more than thirty years in China...
September 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687168/evidence-based-anatomical-review-areas-derived-from-systematic-analysis-of-cases-from-a-radiological-departmental-discrepancy-meeting
#9
S C Chin, J R Weir-McCall, P M Yeap, R D White, M J Budak, G Duncan, T B Oliver, I A Zealley
AIM: To produce short checklists of specific anatomical review sites for different regions of the body based on the frequency of radiological errors reviewed at radiology discrepancy meetings, thereby creating "evidence-based" review areas for radiology reporting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single centre discrepancy database was retrospectively reviewed from a 5-year period. All errors were classified by type, modality, body system, and specific anatomical location...
July 4, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680574/chronic-use-of-pah-specific-therapy-in-world-health-organization-group-iii-pulmonary-hypertension-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Kurt W Prins, Sue Duval, Jeremy Markowitz, Marc Pritzker, Thenappan Thenappan
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) complicating chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD-PH) and interstitial lung disease (ILD-PH) (World Health Organization [WHO] Group III PH) increases medical costs and reduces survival. Despite limited data, many clinicians are using pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH)-specific therapy to treat WHO Group III PH patients. To further investigate the utility of PAH-specific therapy in WHO Group III PH, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis. Relevant studies from January 2000 through May 2016 were identified in the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and COCHRANE electronic databases and www...
March 2017: Pulmonary Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676373/middle-age-exacerbates-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-a-double-hit-murine-model
#11
Guillaume Voiriot, Damien Contou, Jeanne Tran Van Nhieu, Valerie Amsellem, Elisabeth Marcos, Mehdi Latiri, Serge Adnot, Bernard Maitre, Armand Mekontso Dessap
RATIONALE: In a recent systematic review, aging has been identified as the only factor independently associated with mortality during human acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We explored this age-dependent severity in a clinically relevant double hit murine ARDS model. METHODS: Young adult (Y, 10-12weeks) and middle-old (O, 12-13months) male C57BL6 mice underwent an aspiration of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or control saline vehicle. Twenty hours later, four groups of mice were sacrificed [Y(control), O(control), Y(LPS) and O(LPS)]...
October 1, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671769/chronic-coffee-consumption-and-respiratory-disease-a-systematic-review
#12
Tiago M Alfaro, Rita A Monteiro, Rodrigo A Cunha, Carlos Robalo Cordeiro
PURPOSE: The widespread consumption of coffee means that any biological effects from its use can lead to significant public health consequences. Chronic pulmonary diseases are extremely prevalent and responsible for one of every six deaths on a global level. METHODS: We searched major medical databases for studies reporting on the effects of coffee or caffeine consumption on a wide range of non-malignant respiratory outcomes, including incidence, prevalence, evolution or severity of respiratory disease in adults...
July 3, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670246/relationship-of-serum-levels-of-interleukin-6-interleukin-8-and-c-reactive-protein-with-forced-expiratory-volume-in-first-second-in-patients-with-mustard-lung-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-diseases-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Alireza Shahriary, Yunes Panahi, Saeed Shirali, Hossein Rahmani
INTRODUCTION: The chronic systemic inflammation is a result of releasing inflammatory cytokines from the cells relating to the body immunity system and chronic activation of the innate immunity system. AIM: To evaluate the relationship among serum levels of interleukin 6 (IL-6), interleukin 8 (IL-8), C-reactive protein (CRP) with forced expiratory volume in 1(st) s (FEV1) in patients with mustard lung (ML) and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A published literature search was performed through SID, web of science, ISI, Science Direct, Scopus, Medline, and PubMed databases for articles published in English...
June 2017: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633090/pulmonary-and-cardiac-pathology-in-sudden-unexpected-death-in-epilepsy-sudep
#14
REVIEW
Fábio A Nascimento, Zian H Tseng, Cristian Palmiere, Joseph J Maleszewski, Takayuki Shiomi, Aileen McCrillis, Orrin Devinsky
OBJECTIVE: To review studies on structural pulmonary and cardiac changes in SUDEP cases as well as studies showing pulmonary or cardiac structural changes in living epilepsy patients. METHODS: We conducted electronic literature searches using the PubMed database for articles published in English, regardless of publication year, that included data on cardiac and/or pulmonary structural abnormalities in SUDEP cases or in living epilepsy patients during the postictal period...
June 17, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623944/the-effect-of-combining-manual-therapy-with-exercise-for-mild-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Roger M Engel, Jaxson Wearing, Peter Gonski, Subramanyam Vemulpad
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major cause of disability and hospital admission. Current management strategies have not been successful in altering the loss of lung function typically seen as the disease progresses. A recent systematic review into the use of spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) in the management of COPD concluded that there was low level evidence to support the view that a combination of SMT and exercise had the potential to improve lung function more than exercise alone in people with moderate to severe COPD...
June 17, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622179/paucicellular-fibrointimal-proliferation-characterizes-pediatric-pulmonary-vein-stenosis-clinicopathologic-analysis-of-213-samples-from-97-patients
#16
Alexandra E Kovach, Philip M Magcalas, Christina Ireland, Kerry McEnany, Andre M Oliveira, Mark W Kieran, Christopher W Baird, Kathy Jenkins, Sara O Vargas
Pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) is a luminal narrowing of extrapulmonary pulmonary veins. In pediatric patients, it arises following repair of congenital heart disease, particularly anomalous pulmonary venous return; in lung disease, especially prematurity; and rarely in isolation. The etiology is unknown and the course often fatal without lung transplantation. We hypothesized that systematic clinicopathologic review of pediatric PVS could provide further pathogenic insight. We included patients who underwent first resection of pulmonary venous tissue for symptomatic PVS at our pediatric referral center from 1995 to 2014...
September 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607574/massage-therapy-in-children-with-asthma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Ji Wu, Xi-Wen Yang, Ming Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the efficacy of massage, a traditional treatment method of traditional Chinese medicine on children with asthma. METHODS: Literatures from 5 databases using the date ranging from 1 January, 1990, to 13 December, 2016, were reviewed, which were all randomized controlled trials evaluating the efficacy on children with asthma and effect on lung function mainly by massage therapy. RESULTS: 14 researches with 1299 patients were included in the meta-analysis...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591049/impact-of-serum-sp-a-and-sp-d-levels-on-comparison-and-prognosis-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Kai Wang, Qing Ju, Jing Cao, Wenze Tang, Jian Zhang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) has a poor prognosis in general; however, it is heterogeneous to detect relative biomarkers for predicting the disease progression. Serum biomarkers can be conveniently collected to detect and help to differentially diagnose IPF and predict IPF prognosis. This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the use of serum surfactant proteins A and D (SP-A and SP-D) for differential diagnosis and prognosis of IPF. METHODS: Relevant articles were searched in PubMed, Embase, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure databases and reviewed by 2 independent readers...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589256/treatment-of-congenital-pulmonary-airway-malformations-a-systematic-review-from-the-apsa-outcomes-and-evidence-based-practice-committee
#19
Cynthia D Downard, Casey M Calkins, Regan F Williams, Elizabeth J Renaud, Tim Jancelewicz, Julia Grabowski, Roshni Dasgupta, Milissa McKee, Robert Baird, Mary T Austin, Meghan A Arnold, Adam B Goldin, Julia Shelton, Saleem Islam
PURPOSE: Variation in management characterizes treatment of infants with a congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM). This review addresses six clinically applicable questions using available evidence to provide recommendations for the treatment of these patients. METHODS: Questions regarding the management of a pediatric patient with a CPAM were generated. English language articles published between 1960 and 2014 were compiled after searching Medline and OvidSP...
June 6, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574335/toxicity-of-orally-inhaled-drug-formulations-at-the-alveolar-barrier-parameters-for-initial-biological-screening
#20
Eleonore Fröhlich
Oral delivery is the most common mode of systemic drug application. Inhalation is mainly used for local therapy of lung diseases but may also be a promising route for systemic delivery of drugs that have poor oral bioavailability. The thin alveolar barrier enables fast and efficient uptake of many molecules and could deliver small molecules and proteins, which are susceptible to degradation and show poor absorption by oral application. The low rate of biotransformation and proteolytic degradation increases bioavailability of drugs but accumulation of not absorbed material may impair normal lung function...
November 2017: Drug Delivery
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