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chronic disease and adolescent

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320547/dyslipidemia-chronic-inflammation-and-subclinical-atherosclerosis-in-children-and-adolescents-infected-with-hiv-the-posithive-health-study
#1
Luiz Rodrigo Augustemak de Lima, Edio Luiz Petroski, Yara Maria Franco Moreno, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Erasmo Benício de Moraes Santos Trindade, Aroldo Prohmann de Carvalho, Isabela de Carlos Back
HIV-infected children and adolescents may be at risk for cardiovascular disease due to chronic inflammation and exacerbation of risk factors. The aim of this study was as follows: 1) compare cardiovascular risk factors, chronic inflammation, and carotid intima-media thickness (IMTc) between the HIV and control groups; 2) determine the association of HIV and antiretroviral (ART) regimens with cardiovascular risk factors, chronic inflammation, and IMTc; and 3) identify variables associated with elevated IMTc...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319740/pregnancy-complications-in-brazilian-puerperal-women-treated-in-the-public-and-private-health-systems
#2
Patrícia Louise Rodrigues Varela, Rosana Rosseto de Oliveira, Emiliana Cristina Melo, Thais Aidar de Freitas Mathias
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the prevalence of pregnancy complications and sociodemographic profile of puerperal patients with complications, according to the form of financing of the childbirth service. METHOD: cross-sectional study with interview of 928 puerperal women whose childbirth was financed by the Unified Health System, health plans and private sources (other sources than the Unified Health System). The sample was calculated based on the births registered in the Information System on Live Births, stratified by hospital and form of financing of the childbirth service...
January 8, 2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315714/brain-abnormalities-in-cognition-anxiety-and-depression-regulatory-regions-in-adolescents-with-single-ventricle-heart-disease
#3
Nancy A Pike, Bhaswati Roy, Ritika Gupta, Sadhana Singh, Mary A Woo, Nancy J Halnon, Alan B Lewis, Rajesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: Single ventricle heart disease (SVHD) adolescents show cognitive impairments and anxiety and depressive symptoms, indicating the possibility of brain injury in regions that control these functions. However, brain tissue integrity in cognition, anxiety, and depression regulatory sites in SVHD remains unclear. We examined brain tissue changes in SVHD compared to controls using T2-relaxometry procedures, which measure free water content and show tissue injury. METHODS: Proton-density and T2-weighted images, using a 3...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313747/comparison-of-the-hei-and-hei-2010-diet-quality-measures-in-association-with-chronic-disease-risk-among-low-income-african-american-urban-youth-in-baltimore-maryland
#4
Margaret M Wrobleski, Elizabeth A Parker, Kristen M Hurley, Sarah Oberlander, Brian C Merry, Maureen M Black
OBJECTIVE: Overall diet patterns may be a better predictor of disease risk than specific nutrients or individual foods. The purpose of this study is to examine how overall diet patterns relate to nutritional intake, body composition, and physiological measures of chronic disease risk among low-income, urban African American adolescents. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected from two samples of African American adolescents (n = 317) from a low-income urban community, including dietary intake using the food frequency Youth/Adolescent Questionnaire and anthropometric measures...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311011/-screening-for-nephropathy-in-major-sickle-cell-syndromes-in-patients-monitored-at-the-national-reference-center-for-sickle-cell-disease-in-niamey-niger
#5
Moumouni Garba, Zeinabou Maiga Moussa Tondi, Hassan Diongoule, Samaila Aboubacar, Abdou Ide, Nadège Ruddy Biyao-Nelson, Illiassou Soumaila, Soumana Alido
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell anemia is the most common hereditary hemopathy in the world. It is a disease that attacks all the systems of the organism. The kidneys are among the most sensitive organs of this disease. The main objective of this study is to detect sickle cell nephropathy in patients followed at the National Reference Center for Sickle Cell Disease in Niamey. METHODS: It is a prospective study carried out over a period of one year (January to December 2016)...
January 5, 2018: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310752/transition-to-adult-care-for-aboriginal-children-with-rheumatic-fever-a-review-informed-by-a-focussed-ethnography-in-northern-australia
#6
Alice G Mitchell, Suzanne Belton, Vanessa Johnston, Anna P Ralph
Aboriginal children in northern Australia have high rates of rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease, which are chronic conditions because of the need for long-term treatment and monitoring. This article critically reviews the literature on transition to adult care for children with chronic conditions and considers applicability to the care of these children. The review was merged with findings from a focussed ethnography conducted in four remote Aboriginal communities with young people who have these conditions...
January 9, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310621/common-risk-indicators-for-oral-diseases-and-obesity-in-12-year-olds-a-south-pacific-cross-sectional-study
#7
Stéphanie Tubert-Jeannin, Hélène Pichot, Bernard Rouchon, Bruno Pereira, Martine Hennequin
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing need to prevent obesity and oral diseases in adolescents worldwide, few studies have investigated the link existing between these conditions and their common risk factors. This study aims to evaluate the oral health and weight status of New Caledonian Children (aged 6,9,12 years) and to identify, amongst 12-year-olds, risk indicators that may characterize the groups of children affected by oral diseases, obesity or both diseases. METHODS: This survey evaluated in 2011-2012 the oral health and stature-weight status and related risk indicators in a national representative sample of 6, 9 and 12 years-old children in New Caledonia...
January 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302539/prevalence-of-bronchial-asthma-and-factors-associated-with-it-among-higher-secondary-school-children-in-ernakulam-district-kerala-southern-india
#8
Jishnu Sathees Lalu, P S Rakesh, K Leelamoni
Context: Bronchial asthma is one of the leading causes of hospitalization and cause of frequent absenteeism among children and adolescents. Studies reporting the prevalence of bronchial asthma among adolescents from India are limited and the available studies report wide geographic variations in the prevalence of bronchial asthma. Aims: The current study was aimed to estimate the prevalence of bronchial asthma among higher secondary school children and to identify various factors associated with it in Ernakulam district, Kerala, Southern India...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298760/mucocutaneous-spider-angiomas-in-an-adolescent-with-chronic-liver-disease
#9
Sanjay Singh, Alok Kumar Sahoo, M Ramam, Neetu Bhari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297940/oral-mucosa-lesions-and-gingival-bleeding-can-indicate-the-progression-of-liver-disease-in-children-and-adolescents-aged-two-to-18-years
#10
Dorota Olczak-Kowalczyk, Ewa Krasuska-Sławińska, Dariusz Gozdowski, Wojciech Kowalczyk, Joanna Pawłowska
AIM: This study assessed correlations between systemic disturbances of paediatric chronic liver diseases (CLD) and oral symptoms in subjects aged 2-18 years. METHODS: It was carried out during outpatient appointments at the Children's Memorial Health Institute, Warsaw, Poland, from 2010-2015 and comprised 52 CLD patients with a mean age of 12.3 ±4.6. We also recruited 54 generally healthy controls with a mean age of 12.0 ±3.7 from the Department of Paediatric Dentistry at the Medical University of Warsaw...
January 3, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290362/early-cardiac-abnormalities-in-obese-children-and-their-relationship-with-adiposity
#11
María Mercedes Rodicio, Vanessa Domenech de Miguel, María Guinda Jiménez, Secundino Cigarrán Guldrís, María Montserrat López Franco, Ana Estany Gestal, María L Couce, María Rosaura Leis Trabazo
OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity rates are increasing as well as chronic disease and cardiovascular risk factors for patients at young ages. In this study, we evaluate the correlation between cardiac parameters, body mass index (BMI), and other body composition indicators in children and adolescents. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we evaluated anthropometric measurements, bioelectrical impedance parameters, and echocardiographic measurements including the left ventricular mass (LVM), LVM index (LVMI), and left atrial diameter (LAD) in children and adolescents ages 7 to 15 y...
February 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283816/impact-of-disease-disclosure-on-stigma-an-experimental-investigation-of-college-students-reactions-to-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#12
Jacob A Rohde, Yue Wang, Chelsea M Cutino, Bonnie K Dickson, Marisa C Bernal, Serena Bronda, Aizhou Liu, Sai Indira Priyadarshini, Ling Guo, Jason S Reich, Francis A Farraye
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a serious chronic illness that affects 1 in 200 people in the United States with the majority of new cases of IBD diagnosed in young people under the age of 35. Despite the growing number of people who are diagnosed each year, the consequences of health-related stigma faced by young people grappling with the effects of IBD are understudied. This experimental investigation explored the existence of enacted stigma among college students, a population that faces many social and psychological challenges due to the added emotional stresses brought about by the transition from high school and adolescence to college and adulthood...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282143/azithromycin-versus-placebo-for-the-treatment-of-hiv-associated-chronic-lung-disease-in-children-and-adolescents-breathe-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Carmen Gonzalez-Martinez, Katharina Kranzer, Grace McHugh, Elizabeth L Corbett, Hilda Mujuru, Mark P Nicol, Sarah Rowland-Jones, Andrea M Rehman, Tore J Gutteberg, Trond Flaegstad, Jon O Odland, Rashida A Ferrand
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related chronic lung disease (CLD) among children is associated with substantial morbidity, despite antiretroviral therapy. This may be a consequence of repeated respiratory tract infections and/or dysregulated immune activation that accompanies HIV infection. Macrolides have anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties, and we hypothesised that azithromycin would reduce decline in lung function and morbidity through preventing respiratory tract infections and controlling systemic inflammation...
December 28, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276652/endometriosis-epidemiology-diagnosis-and-clinical-management
#14
Parveen Parasar, Pinar Ozcan, Kathryn L Terry
Purpose of review: Endometriosis is a disease of adolescents and reproductive-aged women characterized by the presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity and commonly associated with chronic pelvic pain and infertility. Here we review the epidemiology of endometriosis as well as potential biomarkers for detection and with the goal of highlighting risk factors that could be used in combination with biomarkers to identify and treat women with endometriosis earlier.. Recent findings: Early age at menarche, shorter menstrual length, and taller height are associated with a higher risk of endometriosis while parity, higher body mass index (BMI) and smoking are associated with decreased risk...
March 2017: Current Obstetrics and Gynecology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273573/medication-adherence-and-technology-based-interventions-for-adolescents-with-chronic-health-conditions-a-few-key-considerations
#15
Sherif M Badawy, Alexis A Thompson, Lisa M Kuhns
The number of children and adolescents with chronic health conditions (CHCs) has doubled over the past two decades. Medication adherence is a key component of disease management within these groups. Low adherence to prescribed medications is a known problem in adolescents with CHCs and is related to health outcomes, including quality of life, disease complications, and mortality. Adolescence is a critical time to create routines and health behaviors that optimize disease self-management and transition to adult care...
December 22, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273020/trends-in-cause-and-place-of-death-for-children-in-portugal-a-european-country-with-no-paediatric-palliative-care-during-1987-2011-a-population-based-study
#16
Ana Forjaz de Lacerda, Barbara Gomes
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents dying from complex chronic conditions require paediatric palliative care. One aim of palliative care is to enable a home death if desired and well supported. However, there is little data to inform care, particularly from countries without paediatric palliative care, which constitute the majority worldwide. METHODS: This is an epidemiological study analysing death certificate data of decedents aged between 0 and 17 years in Portugal, a developed Western European country without recognised provision of paediatric palliative care, from 1987 to 2011...
December 22, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260278/role-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-in-evaluation-of-the-bowel
#17
Alexandra Medellin, Christina Merrill, Stephanie R Wilson
Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) of the gastrointestinal tract provides vascular information helpful for characterizing masses and other pathologies in and around the bowel, similar to contrast applications in other solid organs. However, the use of microbubble contrast agents for the bowel provides additional unique contributions as it gives both subjective and objective information about mural and mesenteric blood flow, invaluable for the determination of disease activity in those many patients affected by inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)...
December 19, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259658/type-1-diabetes-does-not-impair-the-physical-capacity-of-non-sedentary-adolescents
#18
Milena S Nascimento, Carolina F Espindola, Cristiane do Prado, Melina Blanco Amarins, Ana Lucia Potenza, Luciana Pacheco, Erica Santos, Teresa Cristina A Vieira
Background: Type 1 diabetes patients have a higher risk of developing hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia during physical activity, which may compromise their safety during exercise but results regarding the exercise capacity of patients with type 1 DM when compared to control subjects have been contradictory. Aim: To evaluate if type 1 diabetes affects the capacity of adolescents to exercise. Methods: The study enrolled 37 adolescents in stage 2-4 of the Tanner scale, aged from 10 to 14 years, 21 with type 1 diabetes and 16 without any chronic diseases...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258354/coping-strategies-and-emotional-well-being-in-children-with-disease-related-pain
#19
Alessandro Failo, Sarah E Beals-Erickson, Paola Venuti
Disease-related pain and the consequences of pain in children and families are important areas for further research inquiry. There are limited data on the relationship between children's emotional well-being, their experience of pain, and the strategies they employ to cope with pain within the context of serious medical illnesses. Understanding what strategies chronically ill children use to cope with pain and stress is essential for clinical intervention. This observational study examined the ways that children and adolescents with chronic diseases cope with pain and adapt to illness...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251842/taurine-caffeine-and-energy-drinks-reviewing-the-risks-to-the-adolescent-brain
#20
REVIEW
Christine Perdan Curran, Cecile A Marczinski
Energy drinks are emerging as a major component of the beverage market with sales projected to top $60 billion globally in the next five years. Energy drinks contain a variety of ingredients, but many of the top-selling brands include high doses of caffeine and the amino acid taurine. Energy drink consumption by children has raised concerns, due to potential caffeine toxicity. An additional risk has been noted among college-aged consumers of energy drinks who appear at higher risk of over-consumption of alcohol when the two drinks are consumed together...
December 1, 2017: Birth defects research
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