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Dental , attitude , cancer patient

Allama Prabhu, Jayesh Kumar Jain, B Sakeenabhi, P G Naveen Kumar, Mohamed Imranulla, Mallikarjuna Ragher
Background: Smoking is the single most important public health challenge facing the National Health Service. The detrimental effects on the general health of tobacco smoking are well documented. Smoking is a primary risk factor for oral cancer and many oral diseases. Dental professional scan plays an important role in preventing adverse health effects by promoting smoking cessation. Objective: To assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice among clinical dental students in giving smoking cessation advice and to explore the barriers to this activity...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
Nada H M Ahmed, Sudeshni Naidoo
The dental professions hold an important responsibility in the control of oral cancer and the early diagnosis highly depends on their knowledge. The present study was developed to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of dentists in Khartoum State regarding oral cancer prevention and early detection. An administered questionnaire was structured and sent to all licensed 130 dentists working in public dental clinics in Khartoum State. Responses to the questionnaire were analyzed using descriptive and analytical statistics...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Yoshita Patel Hosking, David Cappelli, Kevin Donly, Spencer Redding
PURPOSE: This study's purpose was to evaluate what is currently being taught in graduate pediatric dental programs regarding the human papillomavirus (HPV), the HPV vaccine, and risk factors associated with oropharyngeal cancer (OPC). METHODS: A 42-question survey was administered via paper-and-pen survey instrument to attendees at the 2016 American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) annual meeting for graduate and associate program directors. The survey included questions evaluating attitudes/beliefs toward the HPV vaccine and current training in graduate pediatric dentistry programs and aimed to define whether the directors believe that the discussion of HPV vaccination and associated risk factors was within the scope of practice for pediatric dentists...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
Alejandro Ismael Lorenzo-Pouso, Mario Pérez-Sayáns, Daniel Pérez-López, Eva María Otero-Rey, Abel García-García, Andrés Blanco-Carrión
Tobacco is one of the leading causes of preventable death in the developed world. Smoking is associated with a large number of oral pathologies, such as cancer and periodontitis. Dental professionals can play a key role in preventing these health problems. The objectives of this study were (1) to analyze tobacco consumption habits among a group of Spanish dental students, and (2) to assess their knowledge, perceptions, and attitudes regarding procedures to help patients quit smoking. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out at the Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry of Santiago de Compostela (Galicia, Spain)...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Tasneem Mohammed Babiker, Khansa Awad Alkareem Osman, Safa Abdelrawf Mohamed, Matab Abdalrhaman Mohamed, Hatim Mohammed Almahdi
BACKGROUND: Oral cancer is a preventable disease. Its occurrence is mostly due to lifestyle. In Sudan, the use of smokeless tobacco (Toombak) has long been linked to oral cancer. Knowledge of the signs and symptoms of oral cancer may well aid in early diagnosis and treatment. This is bound to result in increasing survival rates, as well as reducing the oral cancer burden on the society. This study aimed to assess oral cancer awareness regarding knowledge of signs, symptoms, risk factors and sources of the information...
March 23, 2017: BMC Oral Health
D Leguay
This article attempts to identify and put into perspective the different approaches that could globally prevent the suffering induced by schizophrenia, from the detection of early psychosis to the impact on individual and family functioning and emotional health. Schizophrenia causes, at the community level, a number of difficult consequences and associated costs, which likely could be reduced if specific strategies, already known and documented internationally, were applied. Two areas not explored in this article: the role of medication and the issue of suicide prevention...
October 2016: L'Encéphale
Aarushi Gupta, Mohita Marwaha, Kalpana Bansal, Anupam Sachdeva, Ajay Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Dental care is often overlooked by the parents of children receiving treatment for cancer including chemotherapy who are in a phase of severe immunosuppression. AIM: (i) To study dental attitudes of parents of children receiving chemotherapy towards importance of dental care. (ii) To evaluate oral hygiene status and compare it with healthy controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire assessing the awareness towards dental care was given to the parents of 47 paediatric patients suffering from cancer receiving chemotherapy and to parents of 47 paediatric patients reporting to outpatient Department of Pedodontics at SGT Dental College...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
María Inés Frola, Rocío Barrios
Oral cancer is the most common of head and neck tumours. Dentists have an important role in the most effective prevention measures: controlling aetiological factors and early detection. Dental curriculum has suffered changes in their structures and contents during Bologna process. The aim of this study is to explore oral cancer knowledge and attitudes among dental students of Granada after the implementation of the Bologna plan. A cross-sectional study was carried out in the School of Dentistry of the University of Granada...
September 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Sadeq Ali Al-Maweri, Walid Ahmed Al-Soneidar, Esam Dhaifullah, Esam Saleh Halboub, Bassel Tarakji
More than 50 % of oral cancer cases are diagnosed at advanced stages. Public knowledge about oral cancer can help in prevention and early detection of the disease. The aim of the present study was to assess the levels of awareness and knowledge about signs and risk factors of oral cancer among dental patients in Saudi Arabia. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect information from 1410 randomly selected patients attending dental departments within public hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS software...
June 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Sayed Mohammad Razavi, Bahareh Tahani, Samin Nouri, Azadeh Khazaei
BACKGROUND: One of the main causes of delay in diagnosis of oral cancer is lack of awareness about aetiology and symptoms among the general population. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge and practice of patients regarding oral cancer and their attitude towards tobacco cessation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was carried out in Isfahan-Iran in 2014. A 29-item self-administrated questionnaire was designed and piloted and distributed to patients attending dental clinics...
2015: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Dolar Doshi, B Srikanth Reddy, P Karunakar, Kopparesh Deshpande
BACKGROUND: The present study was designed to ascertain knowledge about HPV, cervical cancer (CC) and the Pap test among female dental students of Panineeya Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Hyderabad, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire covering demographic details, knowledge relating to human papilloma virus (HPV) (8 items), cervical cancer (4 items) and the Pap smear (6 items) was employed. Responses were coded as "True, False and Don't Know"...
2015: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Susan E Sutherland, Karen A Moline
The complex care required to address the needs of head and neck cancer patients requires interprofessional collaboration. Using the compelling narrative of a patient's journey through cancer treatment in the Canadian setting, the aim of this study was to engage health professions students to discover the importance of interprofessional care for complex patients, while delivering content on head and neck cancer care and providing training/experience in interprofessional education (IPE) facilitation to clinicians...
June 2015: Journal of Dental Education
Sadeq Ali Al-Maweri, Alkasem Abbas, Bassel Tarakji, Aisha Saleh Al-Jamaei, Nader Ahmed Alaizari, Hashem M Al-Shamiri
BACKGROUND: Oral cancer presents with high mortality rates, and the likelihood of survival is remarkably superior when detected early. Health care providers, particularly dentists, play a critical role in early detection of oral cancers and should be knowledgeable and skillful in oral cancer diagnosis. PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to assess the current knowledge of future Yemeni dentists and their opinions on oral cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A pretested self-administered questionnaire was distributed to fourth and fifth year dental students...
2015: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Abdul Samad Gichki, Waranun Buajeeb, Sombhun Doungudomdacha, Siribang-On Pibooniyom Khovidhunkit
Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) remain a serious world health problem due to their association with cervical and head and neck cancers. While over 100 HPV types have been identified, only a few subtypes are associated with malignancies. HPV 16 and 18 are the most prevalent oncogenic types in head and neck cancers. Although it has been proven that some subsets of benign and malignant head and neck lesions are associated with HPV, the general population have very little awareness and knowledge of their association with HPV...
2015: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
K Allen, C S Farah
BACKGROUND: Oral squamous cell carcinomas and potentially malignant oral disorders can be detected early by visually inspecting the oral soft tissues. This study aimed to determine Australian dentists' opinions and practices regarding oral mucosal screening, referral and oral cancer prevention. METHODS: Nine hundred and ninety-nine randomly selected general dentists were mailed a questionnaire. The questionnaire queried practitioners' opinions and perceptions of oral mucosal screening, their referral practices and their beliefs regarding detection and prevention of oral cancer...
March 2015: Australian Dental Journal
Sayed Mohammad Razavi, Behzad Zolfaghari, Mostafa Emami Doost, Bahareh Tahani
BACKGROUND: Oral health professionals are responsible in Iran for providing a brief tobacco cessation program to smoker patients. The aim of this study was to assess Iranian dental student and dentist practice, knowledge and attitudes toward smoking cessation programs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A valid and reliable self-administered questionnaire was designed and distributed to 150 dentists working in Isfahan-Iran and 60 dental students. Some questions were developed based on the expected 5A tobacco cessation protocol...
2015: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Kamran Habib Awan, Tan W Khang, Tye K Yee, Rosnah B Zain
BACKGROUND: Oral cancer is a foremost health dilemma in several regions of the world. General dental practitioners and general medical practitioners play a major role in recognition of oral mucosal changes that may lead to malignancy. Their knowledge in oral cancer itself and the risk factors associated with the disease need to be sufficient. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to investigate awareness and knowledge of undergraduate dental and medical students in early detection and prevention of oral cancer...
October 2014: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Y Hassona, C Scully, A Almangush, Z Baqain, F Sawair
BACKGROUND: To determine the prevalence, types, and risk factors of oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs) among a group of Arab Jordanian dental patients, and to evaluate their awareness and attitudes toward early diagnosis and treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1,041 patients attending a University Hospital for dental care were examined for the presence of OPMDs. Histopathological examination was performed on all cases clinically diagnosed and patients were directly interviewed to evaluate their knowledge and attitudes toward early detection and treatment of oral cancer...
2014: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Chitra Anandani, Rashmi Metgud, Gayathri Ramesh, Karanprakash Singh
PURPOSE: Oral cancer presents with high mortality rates, and the likelihood of survival is remarkably better when detected early. The present study aimed to assess the awareness of general dental practitioners (GDPs) about oral screening and biopsy procedures in Udaipur, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 83 GDPs were surveyed using a self-administered structured questionnaire consisting of several mandatory and optional questions. The data were analysed and frequency distribution was performed...
2015: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Yazan Hassona, Crispian Scully, Mais Abu Ghosh, Zaid Khoury, Shadi Jarrar, Faleh Sawair
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to assess the levels of awareness, knowledge about signs and risk factors of mouth (oral) cancer, and attitudes towards early diagnosis and treatment among dental outpatients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 1,200 adult outpatients attending dental clinics at the University of Jordan Hospital for dental examination and treatment were randomly selected to participate in the study. An 18-item pretested close-ended questionnaire was used for the study...
February 2015: International Dental Journal
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