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L Ottria, V Candotto, F Cura, L Baggi, C Arcuri, M Nardone, R M Gaudio, R Gatto, F Spadari, F Carinci
The aim of this paper is to describe the efficacy of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccines for preventing oral cancer. A systematic review of the literature was conducted to describe the state of the art about HPV vaccines for preventing oral cancer. The aspects of prevention and control of infection by administering vaccines and the diffusion of sexual education campaigns are discussed also. In recent years there has been a growing interest in HPV in dentistry, suggesting a role of such a family of viruses in the development of oral cancers as well as of the uterine cervix...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Evan B Rosen, Alexander Drew, Joseph M Huryn
Management of patients undergoing treatment for cancer requires a multidisciplinary team including general dentistry providers; however, the relative knowledge and training of general dentists in the management of this patient population are relatively unknown. The purpose of this study was to assess the oncology curricula of postgraduate general dentistry training programs, from the perspective of the program directors, to better understand the opportunities for and/or barriers to dental care for cancer patients...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Alejandro Ismael Lorenzo-Pouso, Mario Pérez-Sayáns, Daniel Pérez-López, Eva María Otero-Rey, Abel García-García, Andrés Blanco-Carrión
Tobacco is one of the leading causes of preventable death in the developed world. Smoking is associated with a large number of oral pathologies, such as cancer and periodontitis. Dental professionals can play a key role in preventing these health problems. The objectives of this study were (1) to analyze tobacco consumption habits among a group of Spanish dental students, and (2) to assess their knowledge, perceptions, and attitudes regarding procedures to help patients quit smoking. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out at the Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry of Santiago de Compostela (Galicia, Spain)...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Marcella R Poelman, Henk S Brand, Thymour Forouzanfar, Ellen M Daley, Derk H Jan Jager
The aim of this study is to assess dental students' opinions of the dentists' role in primary prevention of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related oral cancer using a cross-sectional web-based survey. A questionnaire, containing questions about knowledge of HPV and oral cancer, confidence in head and neck examination and role of the dentist in preventing HPV-related oral cancer, was sent to all students of the Academic Centre of Dentistry Amsterdam (n = 912). One hundred and twenty-six (n = 126) students completed the questionnaire...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Hidenobu Matsuzaki, Kumiko Tanaka-Matsuzaki, Fuminobu Miyazaki, Hideki Aoyama, Hiroki Ihara, Norihisa Katayama, Kuniaki Katsui, Kengo Himei, Tetsuo Takeuchi, Tomoo Onoda, Yoshihiro Kimata, Jun-Ichi Asaumi
The usefulness of dental approaches, such as oral management, has gained recognition among patients treated for head and neck cancer. In particular, oral management plays a very important role before, during, and after treatment in patients undergoing radiotherapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of both. However, specialized dentistry knowledge and techniques that are useful for patients undergoing radiotherapy for head and neck cancer have yet to be reported. Therefore, in this review article, our aim is to introduce dental approaches in radiotherapy for patients with head and neck cancer that have been developed and are currently being used at our institute...
May 2017: Japanese Dental Science Review
Oren Berkowitz, Madeline F Brisotti, Leslie Gascon, Michelle Henshaw, Laura B Kaufman
PURPOSE: Despite the prevalence of oral disease, the subject of oral health historically has been absent from medical education. We have developed an interprofessional curriculum in collaboration with our school of dentistry to teach oral health in the primary care setting to physician assistant (PA) students. The goal was to create and assess the impact of a curricular model that would be adaptable to various academic settings. METHODS: A blend of classroom, clinical skills lab, observations in the dental clinic, and observed structured clinical examinations was used to teach oral health to first-year (didactic year) PA students...
March 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
Karolina Elżbieta Kaczor-Urbanowicz, Carmen Martin Carreras-Presas, Katri Aro, Michael Tu, Franklin Garcia-Godoy, David Tw Wong
In this review, we provide an update on the current and future applications of saliva for diagnostic purposes. There are many advantages of using saliva as a biofluid. Its collection is fast, easy, inexpensive, and non-invasive. In addition, saliva, as a "mirror of the body," can reflect the physiological and pathological state of the body. Therefore, it serves as a diagnostic and monitoring tool in many fields of science such as medicine, dentistry, and pharmacotherapy. Introduced in 2008, the term "Salivaomics" aimed to highlight the rapid development of knowledge about various "omics" constituents of saliva, including: proteome, transcriptome, micro-RNA, metabolome, and microbiome...
March 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
Mahmoud M Bakr, Emma Skerman, Usman Khan, Roy George
PURPOSE: To evaluate the knowledge of signs, symptoms and risk factors associated with oral cancer amongst undergraduate dental students and members of the general public. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was open for a period of six months (Jan-June, 2013) to all undergraduate dental students in the 4th and 5th year of the dental science programme and dental patients attending the School of Dentistry, Griffith University, Australia. The survey evaluated the knowledge and awareness of clinical signs and symptoms and risk factors of oral cancers...
2016: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
María Inés Frola, Rocío Barrios
Oral cancer is the most common of head and neck tumours. Dentists have an important role in the most effective prevention measures: controlling aetiological factors and early detection. Dental curriculum has suffered changes in their structures and contents during Bologna process. The aim of this study is to explore oral cancer knowledge and attitudes among dental students of Granada after the implementation of the Bologna plan. A cross-sectional study was carried out in the School of Dentistry of the University of Granada...
September 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Joseph Formosa, Rachel Jenner, My-Duyen Nguyen-Thi, Caitlin Stephens, Corey Wilson, Anura Ariyawardana
BACKGROUND: Public awareness/knowledge on oral and pharyngeal cancer (OPC), potentially malignant disorders (PMODs) and their risk factors is crucial for prevention and early detection of OPC and PMODs. Yet, there are no published data available on the awareness and knowledge of OPC and PMODs among people living in Far North Queensland, Australia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted as a cross sectional survey. A self-administered questionnaire was designed and consisted of relevant questions to ascertain socio-demographic information, awareness and knowledge of OPC, PMODs and risk factors and questions on participant's exposure to risk factors and dietary history were also included...
2015: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Tomohisa Ohno, Tatsuya Morita, Fumiyo Tamura, Hirohiko Hirano, Yutaka Watanabe, Takeshi Kikutani
OBJECTIVE: Considering the high incidence of oral complications in terminally ill cancer patients, dental services are necessary for high-quality palliative care. However, to our knowledge, there have been no nationwide studies examining the need and availability of dental services in palliative care. In this study, a nationwide survey was conducted to clarify the need and availability of dental services for physicians and nurses engaged in palliative care in Japan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to 436 certified palliative care units and palliative care teams registered with Hospice Palliative Care Japan...
January 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Susan Thomas
The rapid growth in the elderly population in a developing country such as India poses social and financial challenges by causing a shift towards non-communicable diseases and increases in chronic diseases. The economic impact of the burden of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension, diabetes and cancer are high. The link between oral health and general health are particularly pronounced in older populations and impairs their quality of life. This paper reveals that in order to address the increasing health challenges and demands of a growing geriatric population, undergraduates and graduate students in dental schools should be given comprehensive or holistic health assessment training...
June 2013: International Dental Journal
M Antal, A Forster, Z Zalai, K Barabas, J Spangler, G Braunitzer, K Nagy
BACKGROUND: Hungary has one of the highest rates of tobacco use and decayed, missing and filled teeth in Europe, and the number of lung cancer-related deaths per annum is amongst the highest globally. As it is estimated that the rate of smokers who see their dentist or physician annually is about 70%, to involve all healthcare providers in tobacco intervention seems to be a promising strategy to reduce tobacco use in countries like Hungary. Such an intervention should obviously include the dental health team...
February 2013: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Yusuke Ishibashi, Shingo Hatakeyama, Teppei Okamoto, Yuichiro Suzuki, Shigemasa Kudo, Takahiro Yoneyama, Takuya Koie, Noritaka Kamimura, Hirotaka Sakaki, Wataru Kobayashi, Hiroto Kimura, Chikara Ohyama
A 61-year-old man with oral floor cancer (adenoid cystic carcinoma, T2N0M1) was treated with systemicc hemotherapy and radiation therapy at the department of dentistry and oral surgery in our hospital. He had three lung metastases and renal tumors detected by screening computed tomography. The oral floor cancer responded to the treatment to achieve partial response. However, lung and renal metastases did not respond to chemotherapy. Then, the patient was referred to our clinic to rule out the possibility of lung metastasis from renal cell carcinoma...
November 2012: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
Jennifer L Cleveland, Michele L Junger, Mona Saraiya, Lauri E Markowitz, Eileen F Dunne, Joel B Epstein
BACKGROUND: Results from studies conducted in the past several years suggest that some oropharyngeal cancers, those of the base of the tongue and the tonsils, are associated with high-risk types of human papillomavirus (HPV). In this article, the authors summarize the available evidence regarding the epidemiology of HPV-associated oropharyngeal cancers in the United States, the available HPV vaccines and the implications of these for dentistry. They also examine the differences in HPV prevalence between cancers of the oral cavity and those of the oropharynx...
August 2011: Journal of the American Dental Association
Kathryn P Bell, Ceib Phillips, David W Paquette, Steven Offenbacher, Rebecca S Wilder
PURPOSE: Current research has reported associations between periodontal and systemic health, however, there is little data regarding how dental hygienists are incorporating this evidence into the dental hygiene practice. The purpose of this survey research was to determine what practice behaviors are prevalent among North Carolina dental hygienists regarding the incorporation of oral-systemic evidence into practice as well as perceived barriers to implementation. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed, pilot tested, revised and mailed to 1,665 licensed dental hygienists in North Carolina...
2011: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
Katrin Hertrampf, Hans-Jürgen Wenz, Michael Koller, Jörg Wiltfang
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the study was to compare the knowledge about oral cancer of dentists and the public using a standardised, internationally accepted questionnaire in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In November 2007, a standardised questionnaire about knowledge on oral cancer was mailed to all dentists within the state (n=2233). Simultaneously, a polling firm conducted a representative survey with a shortened version of the questionnaire, via computer-aided telephone interview, among the public (n=1000)...
January 2012: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Juan Seoane-Lestón, Jose Velo-Noya, Samann Warnakulasuriya, Pablo Varela-Centelles, Antonio Gonzalez-Mosquera, Manuel-Alfonso Villa-Vigil, Francisco Rodríguez-Lozano, Pedro Diz-Dios
OBJECTIVE: To assess the knowledge and preventive attitudes that Spanish dentists have towards oral cancer, before and after an educational intervention. METHODS: A quasi-experimental study based on a nationwide intervention. All Spanish dentists were offered an on-site course on oral cancer. An individual questionnaire was administered before and after attending the course. The main outcome measures were systematic examination of the oral cavity, promotion of healthy habits and knowledge of clinical aspects...
May 2010: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Celso Augusto Lemos, Germano Eduardo Miguel Villoria
Current scientific knowledge provides clear evidence that alcohol-based mouthwashes can be beneficial in a daily oral health routine, including dental hygiene and plaque control. Several issues are worth discussing, in spite of the wealth of supporting evidence. Despite some undesirable effects to some people, like burning sensation, and some contraindications, like the use by infants, alcohol addicts and patients with mucosal injuries, there is no reason to avoid the use of alcohol-containing mouthwashes as long as they are used following proper guidance by dental professionals and the manufacturers' instructions...
2008: Brazilian Oral Research
Jamie L Studts, Jessica L Burris, Dana K Kearns, Celeste T Worth, Connie L Sorrell
High rates of tobacco use prompted the development of a provider education program in Kentucky to promote implementation of evidence-based tobacco cessation treatment among registered dental hygienists (R.D.H.s). All R.D.H.s throughout the state were notified of the program and invited to participate. Participants were asked to complete a pre-program survey and post-program evaluation. A follow-up survey was administered one year following program participation. Two hundred and ninety-four R.D.H.s completed the pre- and post-program surveys, and the follow-up survey was completed by 53 percent (N=156) of the initial sample...
September 2009: Journal of Dental Education
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