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Artificial insemination

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923707/insemination-extender-supplementation-with-bestatin-and-edta-has-no-effect-on-rabbit-reproductive-performance
#1
L Casares-Crespo, P Fernández-Serrano, J S Vicente, E Mocé, C Castellini, A M Stabile, M P Viudes-de-Castro
The addition of aminopeptidase inhibitors (AMIs) to rabbit semen extenders could be a solution to decrease the hormone degradation (GnRH) by the aminopeptidases existing in the seminal plasma. Therefore, the quantity of GnRH needed to induce ovulation in doe would be comparable with the amount administered intramuscularly (i.m.). This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of two AMIs (bestatin and EDTA) on rabbit semen quality parameters, β nerve growth factor (β-NGF) degradation and reproductive performance after artificial insemination...
September 9, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923705/effect-of-gnrh-on-ovulatory-response-after-luteolysis-induced-by-two-low-doses-of-pgf2%C3%AE-in-lactating-dairy-cows
#2
Tsung-Ching Liu, Chen-Fei Chiang, Chia-Tang Ho, Jacky Peng-Wen Chan
This study investigated the effect of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) on ovulatory response after complete luteolysis induced by two low doses of prostaglandin (PG)F2α in lactating dairy cows. Cows (n = 18) ranging between 45 and 65 days in milk were recruited for synchronization by a modified Ovsynch-48 protocol (GnRH-7 days-375 μg PGF2α-1 day-250 μg of PGF2α-1 day-GnRH) over a total of 23 estrous cycles. Synchronized cows (n = 16) were randomly assigned to GnRH and Saline groups in stage 1 of the experiment after 9-10 days of ovulation in synchronization...
September 9, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920796/successful-laparoscopic-oviductal-artificial-insemination-in-the-clouded-leopard-neofelis-nebulosa-in-thailand
#3
Wanlaya Tipkantha, Paweena Thuwanut, Umaporn Maikeaw, Ampika Thongphakdee, Saifon Yapila, Sumate Kamolnorranath, Boripat Siriaroonrat, Pierre Comizzoli, Kaywalee Chatdarong
Captive breeding of clouded leopards (Neofelis nebulosa) is challenging because of mating incompatibility, high incidence of teratospermia in males, and inconsistent ovulation patterns in females. Assisted reproductive techniques, therefore, are necessary to overcome these issues and maintain the genetic diversity in the captive population. The objective was to use laparoscopic oviductal artificial insemination (AI) to breed genetically valuable females (n = 4; aged 4.5-5 yr) that were unsuccessfully paired...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917726/ovulation-and-fertility-responses-for-sows-receiving-once-daily-boar-exposure-after-weaning-and-ovugel-%C3%A2-followed-by-a-single-fixed-time-post-cervical-artificial-insemination
#4
R R Ulguim, F P Bortolozzo, I Wentz, M Johnston, S K Webel, L Arend, R V Knox
Boar exposure is used to stimulate follicle development and estrus in sows after weaning and also to improve semen uptake and sperm transport with insemination. However, the need and value of boar exposure is uncertain when ovulation induction is used. These studies were designed to determine the effect of daily boar exposure after weaning when used with ovulation induction and fixed time post-cervical artificial insemination (PCAI). In experiment 1, sows were weaned into stalls and assigned to receive 3 min of daily fenceline boar exposure (BE, n = 7) or no boar exposure (NBE, n = 8)...
September 8, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917126/effects-of-a-single-administration-of-different-gonadotropins-on-day-7%C3%A2-post-insemination-on-pregnancy-outcomes-of-rabbit-does
#5
N M Hashem, Z R Aboul-Ezz
This study aimed to investigate the effects of a single administration of one of three different gonadotropins on Day 7 post-insemination on ovarian activity, progesterone (P4) concentration and pregnancy outcomes of rabbit does. Multiparous, non-lactating, V-line does were artificially inseminated after synchronization and ovulation induction with equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG; 25 IU im) and gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH; 0.8  μg buserelin im) 48 h later. On Day 7 post-inseminarion, does were randomly allocated into four groups (n = 40/group)...
September 7, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911882/aromatase-inhibitors-a-new-approach-for-controlling-ovarian-function-in-cattle
#6
M J Yapura, E M Zwiefelhofer, R A Pierson, G P Adams
Numerous treatments and protocols have been used to control the reproductive cycle in cattle, with varying effectiveness and many involving the administration of steroid hormones. Steroid hormones, such as estradiol, are perceived as having a negative impact on consumer health. This internationally shared opinion has led to a ban on the use of steroid hormones in food producing animals in many countries (i.e., European Union, New Zealand, and Australia). Letrozole, a non-steroidal aromatase inhibitor, inactivates the aromatase enzyme responsible for the synthesis of estrogens by reversibly binding to the "heme" group of the P450 subunit...
September 11, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910675/equine-chorionic-gonadotropin-administration-after-insemination-affects-luteal-function-and-pregnancy-establishment-in-postpartum-anestrous-beef-cows
#7
R Núñez-Olivera, T de Castro, G A Bó, J Piaggio, A Menchaca
Two experiments were conducted with the aim of determining the effect of equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG) administration on day 14 after insemination on ovarian response and pregnancy establishment in postpartum anestrous beef cows. In both experiments, cows were subjected to a progesterone- and estradiol-based treatment for fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) and were randomly allocated into 4 groups to receive or not receive eCG (400 IU) at the time of device removal and/or at 14 d after FTAI. In experiment 1, from day 14 to 22, daily ultrasonographic determinations were performed to monitor ovarian dynamics, and blood was collected to determine hormone concentrations in 60 cows...
August 31, 2017: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904385/rapid-discovery-of-de-novo-deleterious-mutations-in-cattle-enhances-the-value-of-livestock-as-model-species
#8
E Bourneuf, P Otz, H Pausch, V Jagannathan, P Michot, C Grohs, G Piton, S Ammermüller, M-C Deloche, S Fritz, H Leclerc, C Péchoux, A Boukadiri, C Hozé, R Saintilan, F Créchet, M Mosca, D Segelke, F Guillaume, S Bouet, A Baur, A Vasilescu, L Genestout, A Thomas, A Allais-Bonnet, D Rocha, M-A Colle, C Klopp, D Esquerré, C Wurmser, K Flisikowski, H Schwarzenbacher, J Burgstaller, M Brügmann, E Dietschi, N Rudolph, M Freick, S Barbey, G Fayolle, C Danchin-Burge, L Schibler, B Bed'Hom, B J Hayes, H D Daetwyler, R Fries, D Boichard, D Pin, C Drögemüller, A Capitan
In humans, the clinical and molecular characterization of sporadic syndromes is often hindered by the small number of patients and the difficulty in developing animal models for severe dominant conditions. Here we show that the availability of large data sets of whole-genome sequences, high-density SNP chip genotypes and extensive recording of phenotype offers an unprecedented opportunity to quickly dissect the genetic architecture of severe dominant conditions in livestock. We report on the identification of seven dominant de novo mutations in CHD7, COL1A1, COL2A1, COPA, and MITF and exploit the structure of cattle populations to describe their clinical consequences and map modifier loci...
September 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903866/a-bayesian-latent-class-model-to-estimate-the-accuracy-of-pregnancy-diagnosis-by-transrectal-ultrasonography-and-laboratory-detection-of-pregnancy-associated-glycoproteins-in-dairy-cows
#9
G T Fosgate, B Motimele, A Ganswindt, P C Irons
Accurate diagnosis of pregnancy is an essential component of an effective reproductive management plan for dairy cattle. Indirect methods of pregnancy detection can be performed soon after breeding and offer an advantage over traditional direct methods in not requiring an experienced veterinarian and having potential for automation. The objective of this study was to estimate the sensitivity and specificity of pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (PAG) detection ELISA and transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) in dairy cows of South Africa using a Bayesian latent class approach...
September 15, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888599/management-operational-animal-health-and-economic-characteristics-of-large-dairy-herds-in-4-states-in-the-upper-midwest-of-the-united-states
#10
T L Evink, M I Endres
Recent trends in dairy farm structure in the United States have included a decreasing number of farms, although farm size has increased, especially the share of milk production from very large herds (>2,500 cows). The objectives of this observational study were to describe common management practices; to characterize labor and operational structure; to measure some aspects of animal health, including lameness, hock lesions, mortality, and mastitis incidence; and to summarize cost of production on farms with more than 2,500 cows in 4 states in the Upper Midwest of the United States...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888122/interferon-%C3%AF-induced-gene-expression-in-bovine-hepatocytes-during-early-pregnancy
#11
B Ruhmann, K Giller, A K Hankele, S E Ulbrich, M Schmicke
Interferon-tau (IFNτ) is the conceptus derived specific early pregnancy signal in bovidae. Locally, IFNτ induces an IFNτ specific gene expression (ISG) in endometrial cells and by this it averts luteolysis of the corpus luteum (CL) by suppressing prostaglandin production. Moreover, it was shown that IFNτ also induces ISG in the liver in pregnant sheep and in liver biopsies from Holstein Friesian heifers on Day 18 of pregnancy. The objective of the present study was to confirm increased hepatic ISG in vivo on Day 18 of pregnancy and to prove if hepatocytes and not non-parenchymal cells react to IFNτ by using immunohistochemistry and primary bovine hepatocytes stimulated in vitro with recombinant bovine IFNτ...
July 31, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878823/a-de-novo-complex-chromosome-rearrangement-associated-with-multisystematic-abnormalities-a-case-report
#12
Chan Tian, Dan Li, Ping Liu, Liping Jiao, Xuefeng Gao, Jie Qiao
BACKGROUND: Complex chromosomal rearrangements (CCRs) are constitutional structural rearrangements that involve three or more chromosomes or that have more than two breakpoints. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we describe a four-way CCR involving chromosomes 4, 5, 6 and 8. The patient had mild multisystematic abnormalities during his development, including defects in his eyes and teeth, exomphalos and asthenozoospermia. His wife had two spontaneous abortions during the first trimester...
2017: Molecular Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865223/improvement-of-dairy-cow-embryo-yield-with-low-level-laser-irradiation
#13
G Palubinskas, V Žilaitis, R Antanaitis
The goal of this study is to estimate the effects of low-level laser irradiation (LLLI) on the superovulatory response according to the number of corpora lutea (CL), follicles (F) and the embryo yield. In recent years, while searching for new, more efficient and organic methods to improve superovulatory response and embryo yield with respect to the conventional methods, low-level laser irradiation (LLLI) is a more sensitive and less costly technology that can be used to improve animal reproduction, namely, artificial insemination and the embryo production system...
March 1, 2017: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865217/effects-of-the-platelet-activating-factor-paf-supplementation-on-atp-content-of-cryopreserved-bull-spermatozoa-ai
#14
M Lecewicz, W Kordan, S Kamiński, A M Majewska, R Strzeżek
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of PAF supplementation in semen extender on ATP content in cryopreserved bull spermatozoa used for artificial insemination at different time intervals. Cryopreserved semen was treated with different concentrations of PAF: 1×10-5M, 1×10-6M, 1×10-7M, 1×10-8M and 1×10-9M at 37°C. In the present work we showed that content of ATP in cryopreserved semen supplemented with 1×10-9M PAF was statistically significantly higher at 90 and 120 minutes of incubation in comparison to the control group (p≤0...
March 1, 2017: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864984/the-importance-of-the-periconception-period-immediate-effects-in-cattle-breeding-and-in-assisted-reproduction-such-as-artificial-insemination-and-embryo-transfer
#15
Mieke Van Eetvelde, Sonia Heras, J L M R Leroy, Ann Van Soom, Geert Opsomer
In livestock breeding, the successful outcome is largely depending on the "periconception environment" which, in a narrow sense, refers to the genital tract, where gametogenesis and embryogenesis occur. During these early stages of development, gametes and embryos are known to be particularly sensitive to alterations in their microenvironment. However, as the microenvironment somehow reflects what is going on in the external world, we must widen our definition of "periconception environment" and refer to all events taking place around the time of conception, including metabolic state and health and nutrition of the dam...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864025/birth-weight-umbilical-and-placental-traits-in-relation-to-neonatal-loss-in-cloned-pigs
#16
Zheng Ao, Dewu Liu, Chengfa Zhao, Zhimin Yue, Junsong Shi, Rong Zhou, Gengyuan Cai, Enqin Zheng, Zicong Li, Zhenfang Wu
Cloned piglets generated through somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) have a high rate of neonatal death. Postnatal loss is associated with low birth weight, umbilical status and placental parameters in fertilisation-derived piglets. To investigate whether or not this relationship also exists in cloned piglets, birth weight, umbilical status, placental parameters, placental morphology and gene expression pattern were compared among four piglet groups, namely, SCNT-derived male piglets that died within 4 days (SCNT-DW4), SCNT-derived male piglets that survived over 4 days (SCNT-SO4), artificial insemination (AI)-generated male piglets that died within 4 days (AI-DW4) and AI-generated male piglets that survived over 4 days (AI-SO4)...
September 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863171/studies-of-wolf-x-coyote-hybridization-via-artificial-insemination
#17
L David Mech, Cheryl S Asa, Margaret Callahan, Bruce W Christensen, Fran Smith, Julie K Young
Following the production of western gray wolf (Canis lupus) x western coyote (Canis latrans) hybrids via artificial insemination (AI), the present article documents that the hybrids survived in captivity for at least 4 years and successfully bred with each other. It further reports that backcrossing one of the hybrids to a male gray wolf by AI also resulted in the birth of live pups that have survived for at least 10 months. All male hybrids (F1 and F2) produced sperm by about 10 months of age, and sperm quality of the F1 males fell within the fertile range for domestic dogs, but sperm motility and morphology, in particular, were low in F2 males at 10 months but improved in samples taken at 22 months of age...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860865/advanced-maternal-age-ethical-and-medical-considerations-for-assisted-reproductive-technology
#18
REVIEW
Brittany J Harrison, Tara N Hilton, Raphaël N Rivière, Zachary M Ferraro, Raywat Deonandan, Mark C Walker
OBJECTIVES: This review explores the ethical and medical challenges faced by women of advanced maternal age who decide to have children. Assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) make post-menopausal pregnancy physiologically plausible, however, one must consider the associated physical, psychological, and sociological factors involved. METHODS: A quasi-systematic review was conducted in PubMed and Ovid using the key terms post-menopause, pregnancy + MeSH terms [donations, hormone replacement therapy, assisted reproductive technologies, embryo donation, donor artificial insemination, cryopreservation]...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853171/relationship-between-morphological-abnormalities-in-commercial-bull-frozen-semen-doses-and-conception-rate
#19
M S Ghirardosi, M L Fischman, A E Jorge, D Chan, H Cisale
Commercial doses of frozen bull semen for artificial insemination may have a certain percentage of morphological defects, despite being subject to prior selection. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of morphological abnormalities in commercial doses (n = 55, r = 2) of dairy and beef bulls, from AI Centers and to determine the possible existence of differences between them, regarding the percentage of abnormal spermatozoa. At least 200 spermatozoa per sample were evaluated using Bengal Rose stain (3% m/v) and light microscopy (×1000 magnification)...
August 29, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845561/effect-of-insemination-site-and-diameter-of-the-pre-ovulatory-follicle-on-the-odds-of-pregnancy-in-heifers-using-sexed-or-non-sexed-semen
#20
L Ingenhoff, E Hall, S Ranjbar Ni, J K House
OBJECTIVE: To determine if insemination site or pre-ovulatory follicle diameter at fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) affects the odds of pregnancy when heifers are inseminated with sexed semen. METHODS: The study was conducted in 422 Holstein heifers enrolled into 531 inseminations. Inseminations were randomly allocated to 1 of 16 treatment combinations involving three variables: semen type (sexed vs non-sexed), insemination site (uterine horn vs uterine body) and one of four sires...
September 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
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