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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677622/genetic-correlations-between-wellbeing-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-and-behavioral-responses-to-the-emotional-faces-task-in-healthy-twins
#1
Kylie M Routledge, Leanne M Williams, Anthony W F Harris, Peter R Schofield, C Richard Clark, Justine M Gatt
Currently there is a very limited understanding of how mental wellbeing versus anxiety and depression symptoms are associated with emotion processing behaviour. For the first time, we examined these associations using a behavioural emotion task of positive and negative facial expressions in 1668 healthy adult twins. Linear mixed model results suggested faster reaction times to happy facial expressions was associated with higher wellbeing scores, and slower reaction times with higher depression and anxiety scores...
March 19, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677333/ensemble-representation-for-multiple-facial-expressions-evidence-for-a-capacity-limited-perceptual-process
#2
Luyan Ji, Wenfeng Chen, Tom Loeys, Gilles Pourtois
We tested the processing capacity of establishing ensemble representation for multiple facial expressions using the simultaneous-sequential paradigm. Each set consisted of 16 faces conveying a variable amount of happy and angry expressions. Participants judged on a continuous scale the perceived average emotion from each face set (Experiment 1). In the simultaneous condition, the 16 faces were presented concurrently; in the sequential condition, two sets, each containing eight faces, were presented successively...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677235/a-12-month-old-boy-with-bilateral-facial-swelling-and-proptosis
#3
Alice Shen, William R Katowitz, Karen E Revere
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677227/impact-of-soft-tissue-grafts-to-reduce-peri-implant-alterations-after-immediate-implant-placement-and-provisionalization-in-compromised-sockets
#4
Fausto Frizzera, Rubens Moreno de Freitas, Oscar Fernando Muñoz-Chávez, Guilherme Cabral, Jamil Awad Shibli, Elcio Marcantonio
This study evaluated the impact of soft tissue grafts to reduce marginal peri-implant recession (MPR) after 1 year of follow-up. A total of 24 patients with one single failing maxillary incisor presenting facial bone dehiscence and receiving an immediate implant, bone graft, and provisional were randomly divided into three groups (n = 8 in each group): control (CTL), collagen matrix (CM), and connective tissue graft (CTG). Clinical, photographic, and tomographic analyses were performed to evaluate tissue alterations...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677030/a-cadaveric-study-of-ultrasound-guided-maxillary-nerve-block-via-the-pterygopalatine-fossa-a-novel-technique-using-the-lateral-pterygoid-plate-approach
#5
Wirinaree Kampitak, Tanvaa Tansatit, Yasuyuki Shibata
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe and assess the accuracy and feasibility of a novel technique for ultrasound-guided maxillary nerve block using the lateral pterygoid plate (LPP) approach via the pterygopalatine fossa (PPF) in a soft cadaveric model. METHODS: Ten soft cadavers were studied. The curved array ultrasound transducer probe was applied over 1 side of the face of the cadavers in the open-mouth posture. It was placed transversely below the zygomatic arch for identifying the border of the maxillary tuberosity and the LPP...
April 19, 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676859/a-novel-splicing-mutation-of-ectodysplasin-a-gene-responsible-for-hypohidrotic-ectodermal-dysplasia
#6
Guannan Liu, Xin Wang, Man Qin, Lisha Sun, Junxia Zhu
Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) is characterized by hypohidrosis, hypodontia, sparse hair and characteristic facial features. This condition is caused by an ectodysplasin A (EDA) gene mutation. In this study, we examined two HED pedigrees and investigated the molecular genetics of the defect. Direct sequencing analysis revealed a previously unidentified mutation in the EDA splice donor site (c.526+1G>A). The function of the mutant EDA gene was predicted through online investigations and subsequently confirmed by splicing analysis in vitro...
April 20, 2018: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676255/-perfecting-smile-esthetics-keep-it-pink
#7
Virginie Monnet-Corti, Angeline Antezack, Marion Pignoly
INTRODUCTION: Smile aesthetics is based on numerical, physical, physiological and psychological data regarding beauty, while taking into account the desires of the patient. It is determined by the shape, colour and position of the lips, teeth and gingival tissues. Periodontal examination in both the facial and labial settings supports analysis of the gingival display during natural and forced smiling, the health of the periodontium, the gingival contours, the aesthetic gingival line, and the presence of the papillae...
March 2018: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676254/-the-smile-and-dento-facial-orthopaedics
#8
Pierre Canal, Catherine Galletti
INTRODUCTION: The mouth is an essential feature of the human body since it is there that the breath and food of life pass. In addition, it bears witness to our emotions. Today, the smile has become a major means of communication and of "self-affirmation". OBJECTIVE: The first task of the orthodontist is to restore correct function while, obviously, also contributing to enhance the patient's appearance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this article, we will present six cases to demonstrate that the leading mission of orthodontics is to restore the occlusion and function...
March 2018: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676220/faces-of-glory-the-left-cheek-posing-bias-for-medallists-of-brazilian-jiu-jitsu-competitions
#9
Matia Okubo
Laboratory studies have shown that people tend to show the left side of their face when asked to broadly express emotions, while they tend to show the right side when asked to hide emotions. Because emotions are expressed more intensely in the left side of the face, it is hypothesized that an individual's intention to express or hide emotions biases the direction of lateral facial poses. The present study tested this hypothesis using photographic portraits of individuals experiencing emotional events in a naturalistic setting: the reception of medals in Brazilian jiu-jitsu competitions...
April 20, 2018: Laterality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676168/transnasal-endoscopic-sphenopalatine-artery-ligation-compared-with-embolization-for-intractable-epistaxis-a-long-term-analysis
#10
G de Bonnecaze, Y Gallois, F Bonneville, S Vergez, B Chaput, E Serrano
Background Transnasal endoscopic sphenopalatine artery ligation (TESPAL) and selective embolization both provide excellent treatment success rate in the management of intractable epistaxis. Few long-term studies comparing these approaches have been previously published. Recommendations often present these techniques as alternatives, but there is no clear consensus. Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the clinical efficacy of sphenopalatine artery ligation versus embolization to control intractable epistaxis...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675540/chiral-separation-and-characterization-of-triazatruxene-based-face-rotating-polyhedra-the-role-of-non-covalent-facial-interactions
#11
Pei Zhang, Xinchang Wang, Wei Xuan, Pixian Peng, Zhihao Li, Ruqiang Lu, Shuang Wu, Zhongqun Tian, Xiaoyu Cao
We constructed a series of novel chiral molecular face-rotating polyhedra (FRP) from two 10,15-dihydro-5H-diindolo[3,2-a:3',2'-c]carbazole (triazatruxene) derivatives and trans-1,2-cyclohexane diamine, and investigated how facial interactions and the positions of substituents determine the diastereoselectivity and geometry of the final assemblies.
April 20, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675120/supervised-multiway-factorization
#12
Eric F Lock, Gen Li
We describe a probabilistic PARAFAC/CANDECOMP (CP) factorization for multiway (i.e., tensor) data that incorporates auxiliary covariates, SupCP . SupCP generalizes the supervised singular value decomposition (SupSVD) for vector-valued observations, to allow for observations that have the form of a matrix or higher-order array. Such data are increasingly encountered in biomedical research and other fields. We use a novel likelihood-based latent variable representation of the CP factorization, in which the latent variables are informed by additional covariates...
2018: Electronic Journal of Statistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675073/digeorge-syndrome-with-sacral-myelomeningocele-and-epilepsy
#13
Gülsüm Alkan, Melike Keser Emiroglu, Ayse Kartal
DiGeorge syndrome (DGS) is the most common microdeletion syndrome. The phenotype of DGS is highly variable involving facial, velopharyngeal, cardiac, immunologic, endocrinal, and neuropsychiatric abnormalities. Although neural tube defects (NTDs) have not been described as components of DGS in standard pediatric textbooks, there have been a few case reports of DGS with NTDs. Furthermore, in patients with DGS, seizures can occur due to hypocalcemia or cortical dysgenesis. Few cases of epilepsy have been reported with NTDs without a cortical defect...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675035/trio-clinical-exome-sequencing-in-a-patient-with-multicentric-carpotarsal-osteolysis-syndrome-first-case-report-in-the-balkans
#14
Aleksandra Stajkovska, Sanja Mehandziska, Margarita Stavrevska, Kristina Jakovleva, Natasha Nikchevska, Zan Mitrev, Ivan Kungulovski, Gjorgje Zafiroski, Velibor Tasic, Goran Kungulovski
Exome sequencing can interrogate thousands of genes simultaneously and it is becoming a first line diagnostic tool in genomic medicine. Herein, we applied trio clinical exome sequencing (CES) in a patient presenting with undiagnosed skeletal disorder, minor facial abnormalities, and kidney hypoplasia; her parents were asymptomatic. Testing the proband and her parents led to the identification of a de novo mutation c.188C>T (p.Pro63Leu) in the MAFB gene, which is known to cause multicentric carpotarsal osteolysis syndrome (MCTO)...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674990/emotion-recognition-as-a-real-strength-in-williams-syndrome-evidence-from-a-dynamic-non-verbal-task
#15
Laure Ibernon, Claire Touchet, Régis Pochon
The hypersocial profile characterizing individuals with Williams syndrome (WS), and particularly their attraction to human faces and their desire to form relationships with other people, could favor the development of their emotion recognition capacities. This study seeks to better understand the development of emotion recognition capacities in WS. The ability to recognize six emotions was assessed in 15 participants with WS. Their performance was compared to that of 15 participants with Down syndrome (DS) and 15 typically developing (TD) children of the same non-verbal developmental age, as assessed with Raven's Colored Progressive Matrices (RCPM; Raven et al...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674250/aspects-of-alcohol-use-disorder-affecting-social-cognition-as-assessed-using-the-mini-social-and-emotional-assessment-mini-sea
#16
Sharon Cox, Maxime Bertoux, John J D Turner, Antony Moss, Kirsty Locker, Kevin Riggs
BACKGROUND: Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) is associated with problems with processing complex social scenarios. Little is known about the relationship between distinct AUD-related factors (e.g., years of problematic drinking), aspects of cognitive function and dysfunction in individuals diagnosed with AUD, and the relative impact these may have on social cognition. AIMS: To explore differences in social cognition between a group of participants diagnosed with AUD and controls, using a clinical measure, the Mini Social and Emotional Assessment (mini-SEA)...
April 10, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674226/facial-emotion-recognition-socio-occupational-functioning-and-expressed-emotions-in-schizophrenia-versus-bipolar-disorder
#17
Umesh Thonse, Rishikesh V Behere, Samir Kumar Praharaj, Podila Sathya Venkata Narasimha Sharma
Facial emotion recognition deficits have been consistently demonstrated in patients with severe mental disorders. Expressed emotion is found to be an important predictor of relapse. However, the relationship between facial emotion recognition abilities and expressed emotions and its influence on socio-occupational functioning in schizophrenia versus bipolar disorder has not been studied. In this study we examined 91 patients with schizophrenia and 71 with bipolar disorder for psychopathology, socio occupational functioning and emotion recognition abilities...
March 27, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674168/spikes-might-precede-seizures-and-predict-epilepsy-in-children-with-sturge-weber-syndrome-a-pilot-study
#18
Claire Bar, Anna Kaminska, Rima Nabbout
PURPOSE: Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a neurocutaneous disorder characterized by a facial port-wine stain, a glaucoma, and a leptomeningeal angioma. Epilepsy occurs in more than 75% of affected children, and seizures occurring in the first year of life are associated with a poor neurological prognosis. The aim of this study was to identify possible predictive markers of epilepsy on electroencephalogram (EEG) performed prior to seizure onset in children with SWS. METHODS: This study included children with a diagnosis of SWS who had an EEG performed prior to seizure onset...
March 28, 2018: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673800/blindness-after-facial-trauma-epidemiology-incidence-and-risk-factors-a-27-year-cohort-study-of-5708-patients
#19
Panagiotis Stathopoulos, Dimosthenis Igoumenakis, Michalis Mezitis, George Rallis
OBJECTIVES: This was a 27-year study of a cohort of 5708 patients who had sustained maxillofacial fractures. Our purpose was to present the etiology, mechanism of trauma, site, and concomitant injuries that led to visual loss. We hypothesize that fractures caused by high-energy impact of the midface may be associated with blindness. A discussion of the treatment approaches is also included. STUDY DESIGN: The study included 5708 patients who had sustained a maxillofacial fracture during the years 1985-2012...
March 23, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673776/topical-janus-kinase-inhibitors-a-review-of-applications-in-dermatology
#20
REVIEW
Anna-Marie Hosking, Margit Juhasz, Natasha Atanaskova Mesinkovska
BACKGROUND: Janus kinase inhibitors (JAKi) have attracted attention for their role in treating inflammatory disorders. This new class of biologics has the potential to significantly impact the field of dermatology, especially with the development of topical formulations. OBJECTIVE: To summarize published evidence on the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of topical JAKi in the treatment of inflammatory skin conditions. METHODS: This is a review of PubMed and Cochrane Library up until November 2017...
April 16, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
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