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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040795/case-presentation-of-anti-nmda-receptor-encephalitis-in-a-4-year-old-boy
#1
Daniel A Gbadero, Emmanuel O Adegbite, Jean-Baptist LePichon, Tina M Slusher
We report a case of a 4-year-old boy from Oyo, Nigeria, presenting with prolonged seizures and coma with the subsequent development of oro-lingual-facial dyskinesia with frequent tongue thrusting, dysconjugate gaze and choreoathetoid movements of the limbs because of autoimmune encephalitis consistent with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis.
October 6, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040780/fear-boosts-the-early-neural-coding-of-faces
#2
Maria Teresa Turano, Junpeng Lao, Anne-Raphaëlle Richoz, Peter de Lissa, Sarah Belinda Aimée Degosciu, Maria Pia Viggiano, Roberto Caldara
The rapid extraction of facial identity and emotional expressions is critical for adapted social interactions. These biologically relevant abilities have been associated with early neural responses on the face sensitive N170 component. However, whether all facial expressions uniformly modulate the N170, and whether this effect occurs only when emotion categorization is task-relevant, is still unclear. To clarify this issue, we recorded high-resolution electrophysiological signals while 22 observers perceived the six basic expressions plus neutral...
October 10, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040750/cool-callous-and-in-control-superior-inhibitory-control-in-frequent-players-of-video-games-with-violent-content
#3
Laura Stockdale, Robert G Morrison, Robert Palumbo, James Garbarino, Rebecca L Silton
Research on the effects of media violence exposure has shown robust associations among violent media exposure, increased aggressive behavior, and decreased empathy. Preliminary research indicates that frequent players of violent video games may have differences in emotional and cognitive processes compared to infrequent or non-players, yet research examining the amount and content of game play and the relation of these factors with affective and cognitive outcomes is limited. The present study measured neural correlates of response inhibition in the context of implicit attention to emotion, and how these factors are related to empathic responding in frequent and infrequent players of video games with graphically violent content...
October 4, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040743/anger-sensitive-networks-characterising-neural-systems-recruited-during-aggressive-social-interactions-using-data-driven-analysis
#4
Frederike Beyer, Ulrike M Krämer, Christian F Beckmann
Social neuroscience uses increasingly complex paradigms to improve ecological validity, as investigating aggressive interactions with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI; Krämer, Jansma, Tempelmann, & Münte, 2007). Standard analyses for fMRI data typically use general linear models (GLM), which require a priori models of task effects on neural processes. These may inadequately model non-stimulus-locked or temporally overlapping cognitive processes, as mentalizing about other agents.We used the data-driven approach of independent component analysis (ICA) to investigate neural processes involved in a competitive interaction...
October 4, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040425/apparent-age-is-a-reliable-assessment-tool-in-20-facelift-patients
#5
Russell S Frautschi, Eliana F Duraes, Kashyap K Tadisina, Rafael A Couto, James E Zins
Background: Although the literature is replete with favorable facelift results, there are few validated facial rejuvenation outcome measures. Apparent age (AA), a visual estimate of age by objective observers, has been utilized in several studies; although attractive, AA lacks validation. Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the reliability of AA, highlighting the importance of the exclusive use of validated outcome measures in future studies. Methods: Ten blinded reviewers assessed pre- and postoperative photographs of 32 patients who underwent facelift...
September 18, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040420/the-importance-of-photographic-standardization-in-evaluating-microfocused-ultrasound-facial-skin-treatments
#6
Eric Swanson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040391/quantification-of-the-aesthetically-desirable-female-midface-position
#7
Gary Linkov, Pooja Mally, Craig N Czyz, Allan E Wulc
Background: The purpose of this study was to attempt to determine a reliable method of evaluating midface position. We assessed a novel parameter called WIZDOM (Width of the Interzygomatic Distance of the Midface) and its relationship to other facial metrics. Objectives: The goal was to evaluate midfacial position quantitatively in women by examining 2-dimensional photographs of a subset of women with idealized facial proportions. Methods: Three examiners analyzed stock photographs of nonsmiling female model faces...
June 28, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040369/does-the-supine-position-affect-the-nasal-profile-in-rhinoplasty-patients-a-comparison-of-nasal-anthropometric-measurements-in-different-body-positions
#8
Su Jin Kim, In Yong Ryu, Sung Wan Kim, Kun Hee Lee
Background: Rhinoplasty surgeons are aware that the nasal profile differs according to body position, namely, the erect position in the consultation room vs the supine position on the operating table. It is not clear whether this difference is caused by an optical illusion or skin laxity due to positional change. Objectives: To evaluate anthropometric measurements of the nose with different body positions and determine whether the supine position affects the nasal profile...
September 7, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040363/establishing-milestones-for-facial-injectables-in-plastic-surgery-residency-training-four-year-follow-up
#9
Saba Motakef, Insiyah Campwala, Subhas Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 24, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040279/social-exclusion-leads-to-attentional-bias-to-emotional-social-information-evidence-from-eye-movement
#10
Zhuohao Chen, Jinchen Du, Min Xiang, Yan Zhang, Shuyue Zhang
Social exclusion has many effects on individuals, including the increased need to belong and elevated sensitivity to social information. Using a self-reporting method, and an eye-tracking technique, this study explored people's need to belong and attentional bias towards the socio-emotional information (pictures of positive and negative facial expressions compared to those of emotionally-neutral expressions) after experiencing a brief episode of social exclusion. We found that: (1) socially-excluded individuals reported higher negative emotions, lower positive emotions, and stronger need to belong than those who were not socially excluded; (2) compared to a control condition, social exclusion caused a longer response time to probe dots after viewing positive or negative face images; (3) social exclusion resulted in a higher frequency ratio of first attentional fixation on both positive and negative emotional facial pictures (but not on the neutral pictures) than the control condition; (4) in the social exclusion condition, participants showed shorter first fixation latency and longer first fixation duration to positive pictures than neutral ones but this effect was not observed for negative pictures; (5) participants who experienced social exclusion also showed longer gazing duration on the positive pictures than those who did not; although group differences also existed for the negative pictures, the gaze duration bias from both groups showed no difference from chance...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040242/epidemiology-and-predictors-of-orbital-fractures-in-children
#11
Andrew F Miller, Daniel M Elman, Paul L Aronson, Amir A Kimia, Mark I Neuman
OBJECTIVES: Data regarding clinical predictors of orbital fractures in children are limited. We sought to describe the epidemiology of pediatric orbital fractures and identify the signs and symptoms of orbital fractures in children. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of children younger than 22 years who underwent a facial or orbital computed tomography (CT) scan to evaluate for orbital fracture. We included patients presenting to an emergency department of a tertiary care children's hospital between January 2009 and May 2013...
October 16, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040144/surgical-treatment-of-dentofacial-deformities-caused-by-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#12
Patricia Stoor, Zlatan Hodzic, Sirpa Arte
The purpose of our retrospective study was to evaluate the results of orthognathic treatment, distraction osteogenesis, and/or prosthetic reconstruction of the temporomandibular joints in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA).Twelve patients with severely affected temporomandibular joints (TMJs) and reduced ramus height were treated with mandibular advancement with orthognathic surgery (11) and additional bilateral or unilateral mandibular ramus distraction (3) or additional bilateral or unilateral prosthetic reconstruction of the TMJ (3)...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040029/autologous-fat-transfer-with-seffi-superficial-enhanced-fluid-fat-injection-technique-in-periocular-reconstruction
#13
Benjamin Riesco, Cristina Abascal, Ana Duarte, Rocio Mariel Flores, Guillermina Rouaux, Raul Sampayo, Francesco Bernardini, Martin Devoto
PURPOSE: To evaluate the aesthetic and functional outcomes of autologous fat transfer using the SEFFI (superficial enhanced fluid fat injection) technique for reconstruction of the periocular area. METHODS: Autologous fat injections prepared with the 0.5 mL and 0.8 mL SEFFI technique were used in four patients for periocular rehabilitation. RESULTS: Case 1 (C1): A patient with left-sided progressive facial hemiatrophy underwent ipsilateral volumizing with 0...
October 17, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039634/researchers-push-for-improved-treatment-of-facial-pain
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2017: Journal of the California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039633/genetic-links-discovered-for-facial-size-and-shape
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2017: Journal of the California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036751/-diagnosis-and-management-of-vestibular-schwannomas-an-interdisciplinary-challenge
#16
Steffen Rosahl, Christopher Bohr, Michael Lell, Klaus Hamm, Heinrich Iro
Vestibular schwannomas expand slowly in the internal auditory canal, in the cerebellopontine angle, inside the cochlear and the labyrinth. Larger tumors can displace and compress the brainstem. With an annual incidence of 1:100 000 vestibular schwannoma represent 6-7% of all intracranial tumors. In the cerebellopontine angle they are by far the most neoplasm with 90% of all lesions located in this region. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), audiometry, and vestibular diagnostics are the mainstays of the clinical workup for patients harboring tumors...
April 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036260/trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-induced-drug-eruption-with-eosinophilia-and-systemic-symptoms-dress
#17
Camila Antia, Leah Persad, Ali Alikhan
Drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) is a severe and potentially life threatening adverse drug reaction. To help identify DRESS, several criteria have been established; however, there is still a lack of consensus on diagnosis, and clinical judgment is paramount. Here we describe a 24-year-old female who presented with a cutaneous eruption, fever, lymphadenopathy, eosinophilia, facial edema, and elevated liver enzymes four and a half weeks after a 10-day course of Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMX)...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035774/facial-dog-bite-injuries-in-children-a-case-report
#18
Alessandro Leite Cavalcanti, Edgleys Porto, Bruno Ferreira Dos Santos, Christiane Leite Cavalcanti, Alidianne Fábia Cabral Cavalcanti
INTRODUCTION: Dog bites are common and can affect victims of different ages, from children to the elderly. Injuries are usually located in different body regions, including head and face. The treatment of choice for injuries is the suture of the lesion, accompanied by antibiotic therapy and tetanus and anti-rabies vaccination. PRESENTATION OF CASE: An 11-year-old male black patient was admitted to the Surgery and Maxillo-Facial Traumatology Service, on an urgent basis, victim of domestic animal aggression (dog biting)...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035285/dermoscopy-and-patch-testing-in-patients-with-lichen-planus-pigmentosus-on-face-a-cross-sectional-observational-study-in-fifty-indian-patients
#19
Vinod Kumar Sharma, Vishal Gupta, Piyush Pahadiya, Kamal Kumar Vedi, Sudheer Arava, M Ramam
BACKGROUND: Lichen planus pigmentosus (LPP) is a common cause of facial melanosis in the dark-skinned population. At present, information on dermoscopy and patch testing in LPP is limited. OBJECTIVES: To describe dermoscopic findings and study the role of patch testing in patients with LPP on the face. METHODS: Facial lesions of 50 patients with LPP were studied dermoscopically, followed by histological evaluation. Patch and photopatch tests with the Indian Standard Series and Scandinavian series, respectively, and patient's own cosmetics were performed on all patients...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035069/emotion-recognition-in-parkinson-s-disease-static-and-dynamic-factors
#20
Cory I Wasser, Felicity Evans, Clare Kempnich, Yifat Glikmann-Johnston, Sophie C Andrews, Dominic Thyagarajan, Julie C Stout
OBJECTIVE: The authors tested the hypothesis that Parkinson's disease (PD) participants would perform better in an emotion recognition task with dynamic (video) stimuli compared to a task using only static (photograph) stimuli and compared performances on both tasks to healthy control participants. METHOD: In a within-subjects study, 21 PD participants and 20 age-matched healthy controls performed both static and dynamic emotion recognition tasks. The authors used a 2-way analysis of variance (controlling for individual participant variance) to determine the effect of group (PD, control) on emotion recognition performance in static and dynamic facial recognition tasks...
October 16, 2017: Neuropsychology
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