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Anaesthesia patient safety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769490/comparison-of-outcome-of-eclamptic-patient-following-vaginal-delivery-versus-caeserian-delivery-by-spinal-anaesthesia
#1
M A Hossain, R K Karmoker, M S Rahman, H O Rashid, S H Khan, M A Rahman
Eclampsia is a common problem in pregnancy in Bangladesh. It is a severe form of preeclampsia which affects 5 to 7% of pregnancies is a significant cause of maternal & neonatal morbidity & mortality. Pre-eclampsia when complicated with generalized tonic-clonic convulsions and/or coma is called eclampsia. The term eclampsia is derived from a Greek word, meaning "like a flash of lightening". It may occur quite abruptly, without any warning manifestations. Eclampsia is a major cause of maternal mortality & morbidity as well as foetal loss worldwide, particularly in the third world...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761478/pain-relief-for-women-undergoing-oocyte-retrieval-for-assisted-reproduction
#2
REVIEW
Irene Kwan, Rui Wang, Emily Pearce, Siladitya Bhattacharya
BACKGROUND: Various methods of conscious sedation and analgesia (CSA) have been used during oocyte retrieval for assisted reproduction. The choice of agent has been influenced by the quality of sedation and analgesia and by concerns about possible detrimental effects on reproductive outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of different methods of conscious sedation and analgesia for pain relief and pregnancy outcomes in women undergoing transvaginal oocyte retrieval...
May 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740688/the-safety-and-efficacy-of-oxycodone-versus-fentanyl-in-percutaneous-microwave-ablation-of-a-liver-tumour-abutting-the-capsule
#3
Wen-Tao Wu, Zhen-Yu Jia, Yu Chen, Qi-Feng Chen, Qing-Quan Zu, Zheng-Qiang Yang, Sheng Liu, Hai-Bin Shi
PURPOSE: The present study compared the safety and efficacy of oxycodone with those of fentanyl under non-intubated general anaesthesia in percutaneous microwave ablation (MWA) of a liver tumour abutting the capsule. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight patients underwent MWA of liver cancers abutting the capsule. Patients received 0.1 mg/kg oxycodone (O group) or 1 μg/kg fentanyl (F group) prior to the start of ablation. Both groups received continuous infusions of propofol for non-intubated general anaesthesia during ablation...
May 8, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740019/feasibility-and-safety-of-using-local-anaesthesia-with-conscious-sedation-during-complex-cardiac-implantable-electronic-device-procedures
#4
Elif Kaya, Hendrik Südkamp, Julia Lortz, Tienush Rassaf, Rolf Alexander Jánosi
We assessed the feasibility and safety of using local anaesthesia with conscious sedation as an alternative to general anaesthesia during complex and noncomplex cardiac implantable device procedures. We enrolled 279 consecutive patients who underwent cardiac device implantation/replacement at our tertiary/quaternary cardiac specialist hospital during a 17-month study period. Continuous combined intravenous conscious sedation with propofol and midazolam plus fentanyl and local anaesthesia were used for all procedures...
May 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732199/electromagnetic-navigation-bronchoscopy-under-intravenous-sedation-tips-and-tricks
#5
Suet-Lai Cheng, Chung-Ming Chu
Electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy (ENB) is gaining acceptance and popularity amongst bronchoscopists as one of the tools to diagnose pulmonary nodules (PNs). Although the majority of ENBs in earlier studies were performed under general anaesthesia (GA), later reports suggest that the diagnostic yield of ENB under intravenous sedation (IVS) was comparable, and was time saving. ENB under IVS may potentially improve access of the techniques to practitioners and patients. However, it is technically challenging when compared to its performance under GA...
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730073/a-profile-of-surgical-burden-and-anaesthesia-services-at-mozambique-s-central-hospital-a-review
#6
REVIEW
J Matthew Kynes, Camila B Walters, Emilia Pinto, Emilia Jeque, Ka Kelly McQueen
BACKGROUND: Surgical and anaesthesia data, including outcomes, remain limited in low-income countries (LIC). This study reviews the surgical burden and anaesthesia services at a tertiary care hospital in Mozambique. METHODS: Information on activities within the department of anaesthesia at XXX Central Hospital for 2014-15 was collected from its annual report and verified by the Chairman of Anaesthesia. Personnel information and health care metrics for the hospital in 2015 were collected and verified by hospital leadership...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727235/anaesthesia-what-a-surgeon-needs-to-know
#7
E M Valsamis, J Sadler, T Kennedy, C Thornhill, C Carey, D Ricketts
Surgeons and anaesthetists work closely together, sometimes in challenging circumstances. To help surgeons cooperate with anaesthetists to deliver high quality care for patients, a working knowledge of modern anaesthetic practice is useful. The specialty of anaesthetics is developing rapidly, and periodic updating of this knowledge is likely to be required. This article provides an update of anaesthetic practice for surgeons, covering the varied roles of anaesthetists, preoperative assessment, management on the day of surgery (induction, maintenance and reversal of anaesthetic), general anaesthesia, the role of regional blocks and sedation...
May 2, 2018: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716484/effect-on-neonatal-outcome-of-pharmacological-interventions-for-attenuation-of-the-maternal-haemodynamic-response-to-tracheal-intubation-a-systematic-review
#8
A Aman, B Salim, K Munshi, S A Raza, F A Khan
The primary aim of this systematic review was to assess the effect on neonatal outcome of pharmacological interventions used for attenuation of the haemodynamic response to tracheal intubation in patients undergoing caesarean section under general anaesthesia. A systematic search of randomised controlled trials from 1990 to 2015 was conducted. The primary outcome measure was the Apgar score at five minutes and secondary outcomes were umbilical arterial blood gas parameters and neurological adaptive capacity scores...
May 2018: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708906/intra-operative-cutaneous-temperature-monitoring-with-zero-heat-flux-technique-3m-spoton-in-comparison-with-oesophageal-and-arterial-temperature-a-prospective-observational-study
#9
Matthieu Boisson, Anouk Alaux, Thomas Kerforne, Olivier Mimoz, Bertrand Debaene, Claire Dahyot-Fizelier, Denis Frasca
BACKGROUND: Continuous monitoring of core temperature is essential during major surgery as a way of improving patient safety. Oesophageal probes or specific arterial catheters are invasive methods used in this setting. A new noninvasive device based on zero-heat-flux (ZHF) technique (SpotOn) seems promising but has been poorly investigated during rapid core temperature changes (RCTC). OBJECTIVE: To assess the accuracy of a SpotOn sensor vs. an oesophageal probe or specific arterial catheter during a slow change in core temperature of less than 1 °C within 30 min and RCTC ≥ 1 °C within 30 min...
April 27, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678158/dexmedetomidine-infusion-as-an-analgesic-adjuvant-during-laparoscopic-%C3%B1-holecystectomy-a-randomized-controlled-study
#10
Kateryna Bielka, Iurii Kuchyn, Volodymyr Babych, Kseniia Martycshenko, Oleksii Inozemtsev
BACKGROUND: Dexmedetomidine (DEX) has sedative, sympatholytic and analgesic effects and might be beneficial if used as an adjuvant to: improve analgesia; modulate haemodynamic responses to intubation and pneumoperitoneum and; reduce the number of opioid-associated adverse events. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of DEX infusion during elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). METHODS: A randomized, single-centre, parallel-group, placebo-controlled study was carried out between May 2016 and June 2017...
April 20, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618887/comparison-of-ropivacaine-0-75-and-lignocaine-2-with-1-200-000-adrenaline-in-dental-extractions-single-blind-clinical-trial
#11
Vishal Bansal, Deval Kumar, Apoorva Mowar, Avi Bansal
Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy, safety and clinical acceptability of the local anaesthetic agent ropivacaine 0.75 % in comparison with lignocaine 2 % with adrenaline 1:200,000 in minor oral surgical procedures. Methods: Forty-seven patients, who required bilateral extractions in a single arch, were included in this study. One hundred and sixty-six extractions were performed and all the patients were administered nerve blocks/infiltration...
June 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615125/in-office-laryngeal-procedures-iolp-in-canada-current-safety-practices-and-procedural-care
#12
Yael Bensoussan, Jennifer Anderson
BACKGROUND: The advent of chip tip technology combined with advanced endoscopy has revolutionized the field of laryngology in the past decade. Procedures such as transnasal esophagoscopy, site-specific steroid injections, injection laryngoplasty and laryngeal laser treatment can now be performed in the office setting under local anaesthesia. Although In-Office Laryngeal Procedures (IOLPs) have become standard-of-care in many American and several Canadian centers, there are no guidelines regulating the practice of these procedures...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576126/investigation-into-the-visual-perceptive-ability-of-anaesthetists-during-ultrasound-guided-interscalene-and-femoral-blocks-conducted-on-soft-embalmed-cadavers-a-randomised-single-blind-study
#13
A Mustafa, J Seeley, S Munirama, M Columb, M McKendrick, A Schwab, G Corner, R Eisma, G Mcleod
BACKGROUND: Errors may occur during regional anaesthesia whilst searching for nerves, needle tips, and test doses. Poor visual search impacts on decision making, clinical intervention, and patient safety. METHODS: We conducted a randomised single-blind study in a single university hospital. Twenty trainees and two consultants examined the paired B-mode and fused B-mode and elastography video recordings of 24 interscalene and 24 femoral blocks conducted on two soft embalmed cadavers...
April 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576125/single-shot-pectoral-plane-pecs-i-and-pecs-ii-blocks-versus-continuous-local-anaesthetic-infusion-analgesia-or-both-after-non-ambulatory-breast-cancer-surgery-a-prospective-randomised-double-blind-trial
#14
P O'Scanaill, S Keane, V Wall, G Flood, D J Buggy
BACKGROUND: Pectoral plane blocks (PECs) are increasingly used in analgesia for patients undergoing breast surgery, and were recently found to be at least equivalent to single-shot paravertebral anaesthesia. However, there are no data comparing PECs with the popular practice of continuous local anaesthetic wound infusion (LA infusion) analgesia for breast surgery. Therefore, we compared the efficacy and safety of PECs blocks with LA infusion, or a combination of both in patients undergoing non-ambulatory breast-cancer surgery...
April 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574683/topical-application-of-corticosteroids-to-tracheal-tubes-to-prevent-postoperative-sore-throat-in-adults-undergoing-tracheal-intubation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
A Kuriyama, H Maeda, R Sun, M Aga
Postoperative sore throat negatively affects patient satisfaction and recovery. Numerous randomised trials have tested the efficacy of corticosteroids applied to tracheal tubes to prevent postoperative sore throat. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Wanfang Database, and the China Academic Journal Network Publishing Database from inception to 7 December 2017. We included randomised controlled trials that assessed the efficacy and safety of corticosteroids applied to tracheal tubes, compared either with non-analgesic controls and analgesic agents, in adults undergoing elective surgery under general anaesthesia...
March 25, 2018: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572589/low-flow-anaesthesia-with-a-fixed-fresh-gas-flow-rate
#16
Seyma Bahar, Mahmut Arslan, Aykut Urfalioglu, Gokce Gisi, Gozen Oksuz, Bora Bilal, Hafize Oksuz, Adem Doganer
During the wash-in period in low flow anaesthesia (LFA), high fresh gas flow is used to achieve the desired agent concentration. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the safety of fixed 1 L/min fresh gas flow desflurane anaesthesia in both the wash-in and maintenance periods in patients including the obese ones. 104 patients undergoing surgery under general anaesthesia were included. After endotracheal intubation, fresh gas flow was reduced to 1 L/min and the desflurane vaporizer was set at 18%. The time from opening the vaporizer to end-tidal desflurane concentration reaching 0...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569453/the-safety-of-paediatric-dentistry-procedures-under-general-anaesthesia-a-five-year-experience-of-a-tertiary-care-center
#17
A K Bartella, C Lechner, M Kamal, J Steegmann, F Hölzle, B Lethaus
AIM: Frequently general anaesthesia (GA) is used to treat noncompliant children. Especially in children with morbid diseases general anaesthesia can be a challenging procedure for anaesthetists. The aim of this paper was to evaluate the risks and adverse reactions with a special focus on the impact of existing medication conditions and syndromes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: and methods Records of children up to 10 years of age, who were admitted for paediatric dentistry procedures under GA from January 2011 to December 2016 at the University Hospital of the University of Aachen (Germany), were reviewed...
March 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553432/general-versus-spinal-anaesthesia-for-caesarean-section-a-quasi-controlled-trial
#18
Raed Tafish, Khaled I Abu El Aish, Walid Madi
BACKGROUND: General anaesthesia and spinal anaesthesia are commonly used for caesarean sections. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes from caesarean sections with these two types of anaesthesia. METHODS: In this quasi-controlled trial, we enrolled women undergoing caesarean sections at Al-Helal Al-Emirati Hospital, Rafah, Gaza Strip. Women were assigned either to general anaesthesia (20% intravenous propofol for anaesthesia induction followed by atracurium for muscle relaxation, and nitrous oxide and oxygen for anaesthesia maintenance) or to spinal anaesthesia (0·5% hyperbaric solution bupivacaine with 20 μg fentanyl intrathecally)...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543536/a-new-refined-technique-for-myogenic-ptosis-correction-with-resection-of-myotarsal-flap-by-conjunctival-approach
#19
Hemant K Mehta
The purpose is to present a new refined surgical technique for mild-to-severe acquired myogenic ptosis correction under local anaesthesia (LA) as day cases with resection of myotarsal (MT) flap and demonstrate the safety and efficacy of the technique. MT flap consists of 2 mm tarsal strip with attached levator complex - levator muscle, its aponeurosis, and Müller muscle. This is a retrospective personal series of 400+ patients, who underwent surgical correction with MT flap resection of 8-24 mm under LA mostly as day cases...
June 2018: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520983/prospective-analysis-of-hydrogel-spacer-for-patients-with-prostate-cancer-undergoing-radiotherapy
#20
Michael Chao, Huong Ho, Yee Chan, Alwin Tan, Trung Pham, Damien Bolton, Andrew Troy, Catherine Temelcos, Shomik Sengupta, Kevin McMillan, Chee Wee Cham, Madalena Liu, Wei Ding, Brindha Subramanian, Jason Wasiak, Daryl Lim Joon, Sandra Spencer, Nathan Lawrenstchuk
OBJECTIVE: To report on the dosimetric benefits and late toxicity outcomes after injection of hydrogel spacer (HS) between the prostate and rectum for patients treated with prostate radiotherapy (RT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In all, 76 patients with a clinical stage of T1-T3a prostate cancer underwent general anaesthesia for fiducial marker insertion plus injection of the HS into the perirectal space before intensity-modulated RT (IMRT) or volumetric-modulated arc RT (VMAT)...
March 9, 2018: BJU International
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