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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915420/extralobar-pulmonary-sequestration-in-the-middle-mediastinum
#1
Takayuki Fukui, Shuhei Hakiri, Kohei Yokoi
We here report a patients with an uncommon extralobar pulmonary sequestration located in the middle mediastinum in a 42-year-old female. Chest computed tomography showed a middle mediastinal mass of 6.5 × 2.7 × 2.0 cm in size, which consisted of some cystic lesions and a solid component. The mass was completely excised via a 3-port video-assisted thoracoscopic approach. Histopathologic examination revealed a cystic cartilaginous wall lined with ciliated columnar epithelium and edematous lung tissue, resulting in an extralobar pulmonary sequestration...
December 3, 2016: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871579/undiagnosed-pulmonary-sequestration-results-in-an-unexplained-hemorrhagic-shock-in-thoracoscopic-pulmonary-lobectomy
#2
Rui Li, Huiping Li, Tao Liang, Chaoran Wu
We report the first case of pulmonary sequestration which was not detected in the preoperative evaluation, resulting in a life-threatening hemorrhagic shock rapidly during the procedure of thoracoscopic pulmonary lobectomy. The anesthesiologists could not figure out the reason for the hemorrhagic shock in the surgery until an emergent laparotomy was performed. The aim of presenting this clinical case is to highlight the vigilance for undiagnosed pulmonary sequestration which lacks any specific clinical feature but has the potential to become an anesthetic disaster...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847074/intralobar-pulmonary-sequestration-with-aneurysmal-feeding-vessel-use-of-hybrid-surgical-management
#3
Lara Hewett, Jennie Kwon, Joshua D Adams, Chadrick E Denlinger, Jacob A Klapper
We describe the endovascular exclusion and surgical resection of an intralobar pulmonary sequestration supplied by an aneurysmal feeding vessel from the aorta. Pulmonary sequestration is a rare congenital anomaly, and the presence of an aneurysmal feeding vessel is even rarer. The possibility of life-threatening hemorrhage resulting from failure to control these aberrant vessels has led many to pursue preoperative embolization. The anatomy in the patient described here was not deemed suitable for embolization, and we thus elected to pursue a novel approach...
December 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826576/pulmonary-sequestration-associated-with-significant-elevation-of-serum-carbohydrate-antigen-19-9-report-of-two-cases
#4
Xin Ye, Yili Fu, Bin Hu, Hui Li
This report presents two young women were admitted to the department of thoracic surgery, Beijng Chao-Yang Hospital because of the extremely elevation of the serum Carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9). The enhanced Computed Tomography scan showed that the lesion of the lung and the anomalous artery, and diagnosis of the pulmonary sequestration was made. The positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) scan was taken to exclude any kind of malignant tumor. Both of them had the lobectomy operation confirmed our preoperative diagnosis...
October 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818027/bilateral-intralobar-pulmonary-sequestration-in-a-young-adult-a-case-report
#5
Filomena Oliveri Aruete, Ariela Candelario Cáceres, Enrique Alonso Mallo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2016: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792124/erythrocyte-derived-microparticles-activate-pulmonary-endothelial-cells-in-a-murine-model-of-transfusion
#6
Alex L Chang, Young Kim, Aaron P Seitz, Rebecca M Schuster, Alex B Lentsch, Timothy A Pritts
Erythrocyte-derived microparticles (MPs) are sub-micrometer, biologically active vesicles shed by red blood cells as part of the biochemical changes that occur during storage. We hypothesized that MPs from stored red blood cells would activate endothelial cells. MPs from aged murine packed red blood cells (pRBCs) were isolated and used to treat confluent layers of cultured endothelial cells. Endothelial expression of leukocyte adhesion molecules, ELAM-1 and ICAM-1, and inflammatory mediator, IL-6, were evaluated at 0...
October 27, 2016: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776258/atherosclerosis-of-aberrant-arteries-from-the-left-gastric-artery-into-the-right-intralobar-pulmonary-sequestration-complicated-by-mycobacterial-epithelioid-cell-granuloma
#7
Hirotsugu Hashimoto, Masahiro Yanagiya, Masashi Kusakabe, Atsushi Kurata, Sayaka Ohara, Yoshio Suzuki, Jun Matsumoto, Hajime Horiuchi
Vascular changes observed in intralobar pulmonary sequestration (PS) have been reported to be similar to those observed in pulmonary hypertension (PH). However, atherosclerosis in the pulmonary artery, which is one of the characteristic arterial changes of PH, has scarcely been reported in PS. Here, we report this unique manifestation in a 66-year-old man, in whom an intralobar PS fed by an aberrant artery branching from the left gastric artery had been identified 10 years earlier, and who was diagnosed with pneumonia after having symptoms of fever and cough...
October 5, 2016: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755185/anticytokine-autoantibodies-in-infection-and-inflammation-an-update
#8
Gabriela Barcenas-Morales, Peter Jandus, Rainer Döffinger
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Concise overview of the field of anticytokine autoantibodies with a focus on recent developments. RECENT FINDINGS: Advances in particular in the analysis of autoantibodies to IFNγ, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and type I IFN are presented. The target epitope for anti-IFNγ autoantibodies has been found to have high homology to a protein from Aspergillus suggesting molecular mimicry as a mechanism of breaking self-tolerance...
December 2016: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723920/antenatally-detected-congenital-pulmonary-airway-malformations-the-oxford-experience
#9
Hemanshoo Sudhir Thakkar, Jonathan Durell, Subhasis Chakraborty, Bianca-Lea Tingle, Arnwald Choi, Darren J Fowler, Steve J Gould, Lawrence Impey, Kokila Lakhoo
Congenital airway pulmonary malformations are increasingly being diagnosed, but their management continues to remain controversial. Our approach has been to offer surgery to mitigate the risk of infection and possible malignancy. All patients routinely undergo a CT scan of the chest postnatally and once the diagnosis is confirmed, minimal access surgery is offered. Our anesthetists provide single-lung ventilation to enhance the operative view. We conducted a retrospective review over a 10-year period, during which 91 patients were prenatally suspected to have a cystic lung lesion...
October 10, 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705088/thoracoscopic-lobectomy-in-infants-and-children-utilizing-a-5%C3%A2-mm-stapling-device
#10
Steven Rothenberg
PURPOSE: Thoracoscopic lobectomy for congenital cystic lung disease has become an accepted and in many institutions the preferred technique. However, the technical challenges are many. Previous endoscopic staplers (12 mm) used commonly in adults are too large for use in infants This study evaluates the safety and efficacy of using a 5 mm stapling device to seal and divide major pulmonary structures. METHODS: From July 2014 to March 2016, 26 patients of age 6 weeks to 13 months underwent thoracoscopic lobectomy for CPAM or sequestration...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702416/coil-occlusion-of-aberrant-arteries-to-pulmonary-sequestration-in-a-case-with-pulmonary-atresia-with-intact-ventricular-septum-successful-treatment-of-repetitive-myocardial-ischaemic-attacks
#11
Akemi Ono, Yasunobu Hayabuchi, Shoji Kagami
In this study, we describe an infant case of pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum associated with ventriculo-coronary arterial communication for which a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt operation was performed. He experienced repeated myocardial ischaemic attacks. Further examination revealed pulmonary sequestration in the right lower lobe. He therefore underwent a bidirectional Glenn operation and coil occlusion of the feeding arteries. His myocardial ischaemic attacks subsequently improved.
October 5, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670535/extralobar-pulmonary-sequestration-with-accompanying-ipsilateral-diaphragmatic-eventration
#12
Elizabeth Godshall, Starr Friedman, Aaron Lesher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667662/antibodies-to-major-histocompatibility-complex-class-ii-antigens-directly-prime-neutrophils-and-cause-acute-lung-injury-in-a-two-event-in-vivo-rat-model
#13
Marguerite R Kelher, Anirban Banerjee, Fabia Gamboni, Cameron Anderson, Christopher C Silliman
BACKGROUND: Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is a significant cause of mortality, especially after transfusions containing antibodies to major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II antigens. We hypothesize that a first event induces both 1) polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) to express MHC class II antigens, and 2) activation of the pulmonary endothelium, leading to PMN sequestration, so that the infusion of specific MHC class II antibodies to these antigens causes PMN-mediated acute lung injury (ALI)...
September 25, 2016: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659701/extralobar-pulmonary-sequestration-in-neonates-the-natural-course-and-predictive-factors-associated-with-spontaneous-regression
#14
Hee Mang Yoon, Ellen Ai-Rhan Kim, Sung-Hoon Chung, Seon-Ok Kim, Ah Young Jung, Young Ah Cho, Chong Hyun Yoon, Jin Seong Lee
PURPOSE: To describe the natural course of extralobar pulmonary sequestration (EPS) and identify factors associated with spontaneous regression of EPS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively searched for patients diagnosed with EPS on initial contrast CT scan within 1 month after birth and had a follow-up CT scan without treatment. Spontaneous regression of EPS was assessed by percentage decrease in volume (PDV) and percentage decrease in sum of the diameter of systemic feeding arteries (PDD) by comparing initial and follow-up CT scans...
September 22, 2016: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646637/ep21-12-pulmonary-outcome-of-children-with-brochopulmonary-sequestration-treated-prenatally-by-laser-ablation-of-the-feeding-artery-a-prospective-two-year-follow-up
#15
R Cruz-Martinez, B Nieto-Castro, M Martinez-Rodriguez, V E Narváez-Domínguez, A K Gámez-Varela, P Sniezhkin, A Rojas-Macedo, M Alcocer-Alcocer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645986/unusual-form-of-pulmonary-sequestration-emphysematous-sequestration
#16
Hayri Ogul, Yener Aydin, Mecit Kantarci, Atilla Eroglu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644474/ep10-19-subdiaphragmatic-extralobar-pulmonary-sequestration-report-of-two-cases
#17
M Cialdella, P Capuano, G Volpe, V D'Addario
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614590/unilateral-absence-of-the-right-pulmonary-artery-with-associated-aortopulmonary-collaterals-and-bullous-lung-lesions-in-a-dog
#18
S Birch, D Casamian-Sorrosal, S Fonfara, G Chanoit, C Warren-Smith
This case report describes a combination of congenital cardiopulmonary abnormalities found in a 1-year-old Labrador Retriever. To the authors' knowledge this combination of cardiopulmonary abnormalities has not been previously reported in veterinary medicine. Unilateral absence of the right pulmonary artery associated with unilateral right-sided aortopulmonary collaterals was observed. These aortopulmonary collaterals preserved the blood supply to the right lung lobes but led to left ventricular volume overload...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612868/a-case-of-surgery-for-congenital-esophagobronchial-fistula-accompanied-by-a-destroyed-lung
#19
Masaki Ikeda, Yoshitake Murata, Ryoko Ohnishi, Tatsuo Kato, Akira Hara, Takuji Fujinaga
Congenital esophagobronchial fistula (EBF) is rarely seen in adults. We report a case of EBF detected in adulthood with a destroyed lung. A 67-year-old man experienced repeated pneumonia during his childhood. Since the age of 38, he had often suffered from bloody phlegm and always had a cough and sputum during oral intake. Before cardiac surgery for atrial fibrillation and valvular disease, computed tomography (CT) detected bronchiectasis, which could cause pulmonary bleeding during heart surgery, and the patient was introduced to our hospital for lung resection...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607889/-management-of-the-therapy-of-pulmonary-sequestration-a-retrospective-multicentre-study
#20
E Schlöricke, M Hoffmann, P Kujath, J Facklam, M Henning, C Wissgott, F Scheer, M Zimmermann, E Palade
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary sequestration is a rare pulmonary malformation whose complex pathogenesis is not completely understood. Extrapulmonary sequestrations are always hereditary malformations and are usually diagnosed during childhood. Some intralobar sequestrations in adults, by contrast, seem to be acquired. The clinical presentation is non-specific and often misinterpreted, which results in delayed diagnosis. Surgical resection continues to be the gold standard. Despite the low incidence, new technologies developed in the past few decades, e...
September 2016: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
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