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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886716/intralobar-pulmonary-sequestration-displayed-as-localized-emphysema-on-computed-tomography-image
#1
Weibo Qi, Junjie Zhao, Guping Shi, Fan Yang
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary sequestration is a relatively rare condition in which a systemic artery supplies blood to an abnormal lung tissue and the normal connection with the bronchial tree is absent. It can be displayed as various signs on the computed tomography image, but emphysema is extremely rare. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the case of a 35-year-old man with intralobar pulmonary sequestration that appeared as localized emphysema on the computed tomography image...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840031/bronchopulmonary-foregut-malformation-presenting-as-extralobar-pulmonary-sequestration-associated-with-a-bronchogenic-cyst-an-unusual-clinical-and-radiological-feature-in-an-adolescent-patient
#2
Ji Yung Choo, Jinwook Hwang, Joo Han Lee, Ki Yeol Lee
We present a case of symptomatic complex bronchopulmonary foregut malformation (BPFM), including extralobar pulmonary sequestration and a bronchogenic cyst, in the left anterior mediastinum of a 15-year-old boy. Preoperative computed tomography showed a cystic mass with heterogeneous enhancement of adjacent soft tissue components and pleural effusion. We suggested the infected bronchogenic cyst as the first impression. However, pathological examination after surgical resection revealed extralobar pulmonary sequestration and a bronchogenic cyst with unusual manifestation, which was located in the left upper hemithorax and supplied by the pulmonary artery...
July 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822441/-clinical-characteristics-of-bronchopulmonary-foregut-malformation
#3
J Liu, J Yin, X Y Liu, Y H Hu, X L Ma, R Zhang, Q Zeng, B P Xu, K L Shen
Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of bronchopulmonary foregut malformation(BPFM). Method: The clinical manifestations, imaging findings and treatment of 8 patients with BPFM were analyzed retrospectively from January 2006 to May 2016 in Beijing Children's Hospital. Result: The age of children varied from 2 months to 7 years and 3 children were male while 5 female. Symptoms showed cough in 6 cases, fever in 4 cases, bucking when intaking of fluids or foods in 3 cases, tachypnea in 1 case, wheezing in 1 case, vomiting in 1 case, haematemesis in 1 case Pulmonary signs were decreased breath sounds in 4 cases, phlegm rale in 3 cases, shortness of breath in 2 cases, wheeze in 1 case, and retraction in 1 case...
August 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812458/congenital-cystic-lung-lesions-evolution-from-in-utero-detection-to-pathology-diagnosis-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#4
Steven Hardee, Lea Tuzovic, Cicero T Silva, Robert A Cowles, Joshua Copel, Raffaella A Morotti
Congenital cystic lung lesions are a group of rare pathologies that are usually diagnosed in the prenatal period. The majority of these lesions are diagnosed at pathology examination as congenital pulmonary airway malformations (CPAM) and bronchopulmonary sequestration (BPS). These lesions are typically managed by surgical intervention within the first year of life and have an excellent prognosis. We examined the evolution of imaging appearances from prenatal diagnosis to postnatal work-up of these lesions and correlate imaging and pathological findings...
September 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753246/outcome-of-prenatally-diagnosed-congenital-lung-anomalies-in-the-north-of-england-a-review-of-228-cases-to-aid-in-prenatal-counselling
#5
Lesley Walker, Kelly Cohen, Judith Rankin, David Crabbe
OBJECTIVE: To describe data on congenital lung anomalies identified on prenatal ultrasound from two centres in the North of England. METHOD: This retrospective case series includes all cases notified to the Northern Congenital Abnormality Survey from 1990 to 2010 and to Leeds Regional Fetal Medicine Unit 2000-2015. RESULTS: There were a total of 228 cases, 101 from Northern Congenital Abnormality Survey and 127 from Leeds Regional Fetal Medicine Unit...
July 28, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698430/-extralobar-sequestration-difficult-to-establish-preoperative-diagnosis-report-of-a-case
#6
Michiru Sato, Satoshi Shiono, Katsuyuki Suzuki, Kei Yarimizu, Kazuki Hayasaka, Makoto Endo, Naoki Yanagawa
Pulmonary sequestration is a rare congenital pulmonary anomaly. Here we report a case of extralobar sequestration with calcification. A 34-year-old man was admitted to our department because of a tumor shadow on the chest radiological examination. Computed tomography examination revealed a mass measuring 5 cm above the left diaphragm. The mass contained cysts and calcification. Aberrant vessels were not detected. Teratoma, hamartoma or solitary fibrous tumor were suspected and the surgical treatment was performed...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680790/anatomical-segmentectomy-with-a-hybrid-vats-approach-in-a-patient-with-intralobar-pulmonary-sequestration-after-severe-pneumonia-a-case-report
#7
Soichi Shibuya, Toru Nakamura, Eiji Miyazaki
Anatomical segmentectomy is an advantageous procedure because it spares healthy lung that has potential to show compensatory growth after lung resection and decreases the risk of air leak and residual resection, which becomes a problem in wedge resection. However, anatomical segmentectomy has not become a common procedure in pediatrics because it requires more complicated procedure than lobectomy or wedge resection, especially in patients with a history of pulmonary infection. In this case report, anatomical basal segmentectomy was safely performed with magnified vision by a hybrid video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) approach in a 6-year-old girl with intralobar pulmonary sequestration after severe pneumonia...
January 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678694/image-diagnosis-carcinoid-tumorlets-and-pulmonary-sequestration-in-a-patient-with-chronic-cough-without-a-history-of-malignancy
#8
Zhou Zhang, Harleen Hayreh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674724/infantile-scimitar-syndrome-with-unusual-associations
#9
Abullah Al-Shamrani, Reem S AlSadi, Motea E Elhoury, Adel S AlHarbi
Scimitar syndrome is a variant of partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection (PAPVC), in which all or part of the right lung is drained by right pulmonary veins that anomalously connect to the inferior vena cava (IVC). The affected lung and its associated airways are often hypoplastic. In addition, aortopulmonary collateral vessels may be involved on the affected side, causing sequestration of that side; such involvement is commonly associated with cardiac defects. We report a case of infantile scimitar syndrome that involved a typical association with the right lung, but with extremely unusual associations with congenital hydrocephalus and heart blockage...
July 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644844/carbonic-anhydrase-inhibitor-attenuates-ischemia-reperfusion-induced-acute-lung-injury
#10
Chou-Chin Lan, Chung-Kan Peng, Shih-En Tang, Kun-Lun Huang, Chin-Pyng Wu
Ischemia-reperfusion (IR)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) is implicated in several clinical conditions including lung transplantation, cardiopulmonary bypass surgery, re-expansion of collapsed lung from pneumothorax or pleural effusion and etc. IR-induced ALI remains a challenge in the current treatment. Carbonic anhydrase has important physiological function and influences on transport of CO2. Some investigators suggest that CO2 influences lung injury. Therefore, carbonic anhydrase should have the role in ALI...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604843/alcohol-associated-intestinal-dysbiosis-impairs-pulmonary-host-defense-against-klebsiella-pneumoniae
#11
Derrick R Samuelson, Judd E Shellito, Vincent J Maffei, Eric D Tague, Shawn R Campagna, Eugene E Blanchard, Meng Luo, Christopher M Taylor, Martin J J Ronis, Patricia E Molina, David A Welsh
Chronic alcohol consumption perturbs the normal intestinal microbial communities (dysbiosis). To investigate the relationship between alcohol-mediated dysbiosis and pulmonary host defense we developed a fecal adoptive transfer model, which allows us to investigate the impact of alcohol-induced gut dysbiosis on host immune response to an infectious challenge at a distal organ, independent of prevailing alcohol use. Male C57BL/6 mice were treated with a cocktail of antibiotics (ampicillin, gentamicin, neomycin, vancomycin, and metronidazole) via daily gavage for two weeks...
June 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600060/complete-resolution-of-hydrops-by-placement-of-double-basket-catheter-in-a-case-of-macrocystic-type-multilocular-pulmonary-sequestration
#12
Wan-Ju Wu, Jin-Chung Shih, Haruhiko Sago, Ming Chen
OBJECTIVE: We presented a fetus affected by macrocystic lung lesions with progressive hydropic changes during the second trimester, but experienced remarkable resolution of hydrops in the third trimester after a series of in utero interventions. CASE REPORT: A 19-year-old women, G1P0, presented with fetal multilocular thoracic mass and hydropic change at 23(+4) weeks of gestation. After non-directive genetic counseling, she opted for intrauterine cyst aspiration followed by intra-cystic OK-432 injection at 24 weeks of pregnancy, as well as sequential thoracoamniotic shunts at 26 weeks and 27(+3) weeks of pregnancy when we observed hydrops developed progressively...
June 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585792/-endovascular-embolization-in-the-treatment-of-the-pulmonary-intralobar-sequestration
#13
S Santiago-Martínez, G Guillén, A Laín, S López-Fernández, M Pérez, J Lloret
INTRODUCTION: Up to date the classical therapeutic approach for intralobar sequestrations (IS) has been surgical excision. However, systemic arteries embolization is presented as an alternative, and even constitutes the first line of treatment in some centers. We summarize our experience in selected cases with the aim of preserving the maximum lung parenchyma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study of IS who underwent endovascular embolization at our institution between 2013 and 2014...
January 25, 2017: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584070/the-natural-history-of-prenatally-diagnosed-congenital-cystic-lung-lesions-long-term-follow-up-of-119-cases
#14
James Cook, Lyn S Chitty, Paolo De Coppi, Michael Ashworth, Colin Wallis
BACKGROUND: A paucity of evidence regarding the natural history of congenital pulmonary airway malformations (CPAMs) and pulmonary sequestration (PS) has resulted in a divergence in management strategy of asymptomatic cases. METHODS: We describe the long-term clinical course of 119 children diagnosed with these lesions treated at Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH). Cases were identified via the GOSH patient database. Study entry required the identification of a cystic lung lesion on prenatal ultrasound and confirmation of CPAM/PS on postnatal CT imaging...
September 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567181/incidental-finding-the-discovery-of-a-bronchopulmonary-foregut-malformation-through-investigations-for-crohn-s-disease
#15
Humza Mahmood, Andrew Plumb, Roser Vega, Alastair Windsor
Pulmonary sequestration (PMS) is a rare bronchopulmonary malformation. It has an incidence of between 0.15% to 1.7%. Likewise, cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) is another relatively rare category of a bronchopulmonary malformation with a reported incidence of between 1 in 25,000 to 1 in 35,000. Moreover, a bronchopulmonary malformation with features allied to both of these forms is considered an even rarer entity. In general, bronchopulmonary malformations present with a range of non-specific symptoms...
April 2017: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514273/bronchopulmonary-sequestration-improving-practice-by-evaluating-for-a-missed-diagnosis
#16
Mary Ellen Zator Estes
Bronchopulmonary sequestration (BPS) is a lung mass that does not communicate with the tracheobronchial tree or the pulmonary arterial vasculature, and thus does not play a role in oxygenation. This article discusses the etiology of BPS, as well as its pathophysiology, signs and symptoms, imaging studies used to diagnose, and treatment options in both pediatric and adult patients.
June 16, 2017: Nurse Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495248/clinical-benefits-echocardiographic-and-mri-assessment-after-pulmonary-sequestration-treatment
#17
Francesco Borgia, Francesca Santamaria, Carmine Mollica, Felice Mongiello, Francesca Esposito, Gaetano Palma, Luca Botta, Silvia Montella, Bruno Trimarco, Antonio Rapacciuolo
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to explore systematically procedural results, clinical benefits with echocardiographic and chest-MRI assessment of pulmonary sequestration percutaneous treatment. METHODS: 13 consecutive infants and children with diagnosis of isolated pulmonary sequestration (PS) had percutaneous closure of the aberrant artery supplying pulmonary sequestration between 2010 and 2015. By protocol, echocardiographic and chest-MRI assessment was performed before and respectively at 6-12months and 1year with the aim to study the effects of embolization on heart volume overload and regression of pulmonary sequestration...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481069/-laparoscopic-adrenalectomy-advantages-of-the-minimally-invasive-approach
#18
P Rodríguez Iglesias, J Gómez-Chacón Villalba, L Rodríguez Caraballo, P Ortolá Fortes, J Cortés Sáez, A Marco Macián, J J Vila Carbó
AIM: To describe our experience as a tertiary center on the use of laparoscopic adrenal surgery in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A descriptive, retrospective study of patients with pathologic adrenal masses undergoing laparoscopic adrenal surgery, between 2012 and 2015. Epidemiological variables, surgical technique, complications and follow-up were studied. RESULTS: Nine patients were studied with a median age of 62 months (5-184). In 3 patients (33...
October 10, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449501/transarterial-embolization-of-intralobar-pulmonary-sequestration-in-a-young-adult-with-hemoptysis
#19
Rebecca Zener, David Bottoni, Andrew Zaleski, Dalilah Fortin, Richard A Malthaner, Richard I Inculet, Amol Mujoomdar
Intralobar pulmonary sequestration is a rare congenital malformation characterized by the presence of dysplastic lung that does not communicate with the tracheobronchial tree, and has aberrant systemic arterial supply. While most are asymptomatic, they rarely can present with hemoptysis, which has been traditionally managed with surgical resection of the sequestration. We report a case of an 18-year-old male who presented with acute large-volume hemoptysis on a background of recurrent minor episodes of hemoptysis, due to intralobar sequestration...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449484/clinical-presentation-and-characteristics-of-25-adult-cases-of-pulmonary-sequestration
#20
Mateusz Polaczek, Inga Baranska, Malgorzata Szolkowska, Jacek Zych, Piotr Rudzinski, Janusz Szopinski, Tadeusz Orlowski, Kazimierz Roszkowski-Sliz
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary sequestration (PS) is a rare congenital abnormality of lung tissue. Only few series of adult cases are reported. The aim was to describe clinical characteristics in adult cases of PS and to compare outcomes in different clinical situations. METHODS: Using MSD engine we searched for cases of PS that have been diagnosed between Jan 1st, 2005 and Dec 31st, 2015. Clinical data was retrospectively gathered. Statistica v.12 (StatSoft, Inc.) was used for statistical analyses...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
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