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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068634/virgin-coconut-oil-supplementation-attenuates-acute-chemotherapy-hepatotoxicity-induced-by-anticancer-drug-methotrexate-via-inhibition-of-oxidative-stress-in-rats
#1
Ademola C Famurewa, Odomero G Ufebe, Chima A Egedigwe, Onyebuchi E Nwankwo, Godwin S Obaje
BACKGROUND: The emerging health benefit of virgin coconut oil (VCO) has been associated with its potent natural antioxidants; however, the antioxidant and hepatoprotective effect of VCO against methotrexate-induced liver damage and oxidative stress remains unexplored. The study explored the antioxidant and hepatoprotective effects of VCO against oxidative stress and liver damage induced by anticancer drug methotrexate (MTX) in rats. METHODS: Liver damage was induced in Wistar rats pretreated with dietary supplementation of VCO (5% and 15%) by intraperitoneal administration of MTX (20mg/kg bw) on day 10 only...
January 6, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054477/acute-treatment-with-lauric-acid-reduces-blood-pressure-and-oxidative-stress-in-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#2
Naiane Ferraz Bandeira Alves, Thyago Moreira de Queiroz, Rafael de Almeida Travassos, Marciane Magnani, Valdir de Andrade Braga
The effects of acute administration of lauric acid (LA), the most abundant medium-chain fatty acid of coconut oil, on blood pressure, heart rate and oxidative stress were investigated in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Intravenous doses of LA reduced blood pressure in a dose-dependent fashion (1, 3, 4, 8 and 10 mg/kg) in both SHR and Wistar Kyoto rats. LA (10(-8) to 3 × 10(-3) M) induced vasorelaxation in isolated superior mesenteric artery rings of SHR in the presence (n = 7) or absence (n = 8) of functional endothelium [maximum effect (ME) = 104 ± 3 versus 103 ± 4%]...
November 7, 2016: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049927/hypolipidemic-and-hypocholesterolemic-effect-of-roselle-hibiscus-sabdariffa-l-seeds-oil-in-experimental-male-rats
#3
Rehab F M Ali, Ayman M El-Anany
The current investigation aimed to evaluate the influence of roselle seeds oil (RSO), coconut oil (CNO) and binary mixture of them on serum lipids of experimental rats. Fatty acid composition of native and blended oils was determined. Thirty five male Albino rats (145- 160 g) were used throughout this study. The rats were fed AIN-93G diet containing 10% fat from CNO, RSO, B1 (25%RSO+ 75 %CNO), B2 (50 %RSO+ 50 %CNO or B3 (75 %RSO+ 25 % CNO) for eight weeks. Blood samples were collected at the beginning, every two weeks during the experiment, and at the end of the experiment...
2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039635/alkyl-amine-and-vegetable-oil-mixture-a-viable-candidate-for-co2-capture-and-utilization
#4
A Uma Maheswari, K Palanivelu
In this present work, the absorption of CO2 in alkyl amines and vegetable oil mixture has been evaluated. The results showed that the absorption is higher in alkyl amines and vegetable oil mixture compared with the aqueous alkyl amines. In addition to that, by employing the greener and non-toxic vegetable oil media, the CO2 gas has been captured as well as converted into value-added products, such as carbamates of ethylenediamine, diethylenetriamine, and triethylenetetramine. The carbamates have been isolated and characterized by Fourier transform infrared and (1)H and (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic techniques...
December 30, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038753/chemical-and-plasma-surface-modification-of-lignocellulose-coconut-waste-for-the-preparation-of-advanced-biobased-composite-materials
#5
Suheyla Kocaman, Mustafa Karaman, Mehmet Gursoy, Gulnare Ahmetli
In this study, surface-modified grinded coconut waste (CW) particles were used as bio-fillers to prepare polymeric composite materials with enhanced properties. Epoxy resin modified with acrylated and epoxidized soybean oil (AESO) was used as the polymer matrix. Two different strategies, namely chemical treatment and plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) were utilized to modify the surface of CW particles for using them as compatible bio-fillers in composite preparation. Chemical modification involved the treatment of CW particles in a highly alkali NaOH solution, while PECVD modification involved coating of a thin film of hydrophobic poly(hexafluorobutyl acrylate) (PHFBA) around individual CW particle surfaces...
March 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017978/physicochemical-rheological-and-functional-properties-of-fats-and-oils-in-relation-to-cookie-quality-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Amita Devi, B S Khatkar
Sincere efforts of researchers are underway to understand the functionality of different fats and oils in relation to cookie quality. The quality of cookie primarily relies upon the functionality of fats and oils in cookie system which ultimately is combined result of their physical, chemical, and rheological properties. Effects of some major fats and oils such as butter, bakery fat, hydrogenated fat, lard, margarine, palm oil, sunflower oil, coconut oil, and soybean oil on the physical and sensory characteristics of cookie have been studied...
October 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987169/using-tropgenedb-a-database-containing-data-on-molecular-markers-qtls-maps-genotypes-and-phenotypes-for-tropical-crops
#7
Manuel Ruiz, Guilhem Sempéré, Chantal Hamelin
TropGeneDB ( http://tropgenedb.cirad.fr ) is a web database that manages genomic, genetic, and phenotypic information on tropical crops. It is organized on a crop basis with currently nine public modules: banana, cocoa, coconut, coffee, cotton, oil palm, rice, rubber tree, and sugarcane. TropGeneDB contains data on molecular markers, quantitative trait loci (QTLs), genetic and physical maps, genotyping and phenotyping studies, and information on genetic resources (geographic origin, parentage, collection). Crop-specific web interfaces have been designed to allow quick consultations as well as personalized complex queries...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983833/identification-of-the-male-produced-aggregation-pheromone-of-the-four-spotted-coconut-weevil-diocalandra-frumenti
#8
Sandra Vacas, Ismael Navarro, Elena Seris, Carina Ramos, Estrella Hernández, Vicente Navarro-Llopis, Jaime Primo
The four-spotted coconut weevil, Diocalandra frumenti Fabricius (Coleoptera: Dryophthoridae), is a small weevil found attacking economically important palm species, such as coconut, date, oil, and Canary palms. Given the scarcity of detection and management tools for this pest, the availability of a pheromone to be included in trapping protocols would be a crucial advantage. Previous laboratory experiments showed evidence for aggregation behavior; thus, our main goal was to identify the aggregation pheromone in this species...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976044/effects-of-coconut-oil-on-lipid-accumulation-in-3t3-l1-cells
#9
J Rabalert, N Munkong, W Parklak, A Wongnopavich, P Hansakul, N Lerdvuthisopon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966722/effects-of-liquid-oil-vs-oleogel-co-ingested-with-a-carbohydrate-rich-meal-on-human-blood-triglycerides-glucose-insulin-and-appetite
#10
Sze-Yen Tan, Elaine Wan-Yi Peh, Alejandro G Marangoni, Christiani Jeyakumar Henry
We examined the differences in how coconut oil in a liquid or oleogel form affects blood triglycerides, glucose, insulin, and appetite when co-ingested with a carbohydrate-rich meal. This was a randomised, controlled, crossover study where eligible participants attended a screening visit where baseline demographics were measured. On test days, participants arrived at the laboratory after an overnight fast of 10 hours. Upon arrival, cannulation of the antecubital vein was performed and fasting capillary blood glucose, plasma insulin and triglyceride levels, and appetite sensations were measured...
December 14, 2016: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925034/formulation-and-in-vitro-evaluation-of-carbopol-934-based-modified-clotrimazole-gel-for-topical-application
#11
Muhammad Ubaid, Sadaf Ilyas, Sadullah Mir, Abida K Khan, Rehana Rashid, Muhammad Z U Khan, Zainab G Kanwal, Ahmad Nawaz, Amna Shah, Ghulam Murtaza
The aim of present study was to enhance topical permeation of clotrimazole gel preparation by using various permeability enhancers such as coconut oil, pistachio oil and sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS). Clotrimazole gel preparations were prepared and optimized by using three factor, five level central composite design. A second-order polynomial equation was generated in order to estimate the effect of independent variables i.e. coconut oil (X1), pistachio oil (X2) and sodium lauryl sulphate (X3) at various dependent variables i...
October 2016: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908914/muscle-mania-the-quest-for-the-perfect-body
#12
Maira Hameed, Ajay Sahu, Maria B Johnson
We describe the case of a young man with repeated hospital presentations for a variety of symptoms related to excessive bodybuilding and associated behaviours. He presented to our department (radiology) with right arm pain and loss of function. Ultrasound showed complete triceps rupture, rare in young patients and multiple cystic areas within the muscles of the arm. MRI revealed these to be multiple proteinaceous lesions within the muscle bellies and the possibility of self-innoculation was raised by the reporting radiologist...
December 1, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899137/ethnobotanical-survey-of-cosmetic-plants-used-in-marquesas-islands-french-polynesia
#13
Xénia Jost, Jean-Luc Ansel, Gaël Lecellier, Phila Raharivelomanana, Jean-François Butaud
BACKGROUND: Cosmetic plants and their uses have often been neglected in ethnobotanical surveys which focus mainly on plants with medicinal or food uses. Thus, this survey was carried out to specifically investigate cosmetics in a small community and to establish a cosmetopoeia, based on the model of pharmacopoeia for medicinal plants. The geographic spread of the survey covered the Marquesas Islands, one of the five archipelagos of French Polynesia (Pacific Ocean). This archipelago was also recently investigated for its pharmacopoeia...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891311/comparison-of-antibacterial-efficacy-of-coconut-oil-and-chlorhexidine-on-streptococcus-mutans-an-in-vivo-study
#14
Faizal C Peedikayil, Vimal Remy, Seena John, T P Chandru, Prathima Sreenivasan, Gufran Ahmed Bijapur
AIMS: Streptococcus mutans is the most common organism causing dental caries. Various chemotherapeutic agents are available that help in treating the bacteria, with each having their own merits and demerits. Recent research has shown that coconut oil has anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial action. Therefore, the present was conducted to determine the antibacterial efficacy of coconut oil and to compare it with chlorhexidine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of fifty female children aged 8-12 years were included in the study...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878500/anti-inflammatory-and-antioxidant-effect-of-kerabala-a-value-added-ayurvedic-formulation-from-virgin-coconut-oil-inhibits-pathogenesis-in-adjuvant-induced-arthritis
#15
M Ratheesh, S Sandya, C Pramod, S Asha, Jose P Svenia, S Premlal, B GrishKumar
Kerabala (CB) is a novel ayurvedic formulation used for treating various inflammatory diseases. This formulation was made from virgin coconut oil and it comprises extracts of Sida cordifolia, coconut milk and sesame oil. The current study was performed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory action of CB on carrageenan-induced acute and adjuvant-induced chronic experimental models. 5 mg/kg bwt was found to be potent dose from carrageenan model and evaluated its effect in adjuvant-induced chronic arthritic model...
November 22, 2016: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845808/use-of-complementary-health-approaches-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease
#16
Ju Young Shin, Ryan T Pohlig, Barbara Habermann
Parkinson's disease (PD) is neurodegenerative and requires ongoing therapy. The purpose of the current study was two-fold: to (a) describe the prevalence, types, and associated factors of complementary health approaches (CHA) used in individuals with PD; and (b) explore reasons for CHA use. A self-administered, cross-sectional survey was used. The response rate was 61.9% (N = 135), and 74.1% of participants used CHA for either PD or general health. The most widely used CHA included exercise, yoga, massage, vitamins, coenzyme Q10, and coconut oil...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829612/effects-of-ultrasonic-parameters-on-the-crystallization-behavior-of-virgin-coconut-oil
#17
Linhe Wu, Jun Cao, Xinpeng Bai, Haiming Chen, Yuxiang Zhang, Qian Wu
Crystallization behavior of virgin coconut oil (VCO) in the absence and presence of ultrasonic treatment under a temperature gradient field was investigated. The effects of ultrasonic parameters on the crystallization behavior of VCO were studied by differential scanning calorimetry, ultraviolet/visible spectrophotometry and polarized light microscopy. The thermal effect of the ultrasonic treatment was also increased at higher power levels. Therefore, the optimal power level was determined at approximately 36 W...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818734/coconut-oil-extract-mitigates-testicular-injury-following-adjuvant-treatment-with-antiretroviral-drugs
#18
Oluwatosin O Ogedengbe, Ayoola I Jegede, Ismail O Onanuga, Ugochukwu Offor, Edwin Cs Naidu, Aniekan I Peter, Onyemaechi O Azu
Increased access to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has made the management of drug toxicities an increasingly crucial component of HIV. This study investigated the effects of adjuvant use of coconut oil and HAART on testicular morphology and seminal parameters in Sprague- Dawley rats. Twelve adult male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 153~169 g were distributed into four groups (A-D) and treated as follows: A served as control (distilled water); B (HAART cocktail- Zidovudine, Lamivudine and Nevirapine); C (HAART + Virgin coconut oil 10 mL/kg) and D (Virgin coconut oil 10 mL/kg)...
October 2016: Toxicological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816052/postprandial-serum-endotoxin-in-healthy-humans-is-modulated-by-dietary-fat-in-a-randomized-controlled-cross-over-study
#19
Joshua M Lyte, Nicholas K Gabler, James H Hollis
BACKGROUND: High-fat diets may contribute to metabolic disease via postprandial changes in serum endotoxin and inflammation. It is unclear how dietary fat composition may alter these parameters. We hypothesized that a meal rich in n-3 (ω3) fatty acids would reduce endotoxemia and associated inflammation but a saturated or n-6 (ω6) fatty acid-rich meal would increase postprandial serum endotoxin concentrations and systemic inflammation in healthy adults. METHODS: Healthy adults (n = 20; mean age 25 ± 3...
November 5, 2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764914/the-effects-of-high-fat-diets-composed-of-different-animal-and-vegetable-fat-sources-on-the-health-status-and-tissue-lipid-profiles-of-male-japanese-quail-coturnix-coturnix-japonica
#20
Janine Donaldson, Michael Taurai Madziva, Kennedy Honey Erlwanger
Objective: The current study aimed to investigate the impact of high-fat diets composed of different animal and vegetable fat sources on serum metabolic health markers in Japanese quail, as well as the overall lipid content and fatty acid profiles of the edible bird tissues following significantly increased dietary lipid supplementation. Methods: Fifty seven male quail were divided into six groups and fed either a standard diet or a diet enriched with one of five different fats (22 % coconut oil, lard, palm oil, soybean oil or sunflower oil) for 12 weeks...
October 20, 2016: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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