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Haoyu Niu, Robert J Mangan, Andrey V Protchenko, Nicholas Phillips, Wiebke Unkrig, Christian Friedmann, Eugene L Kolychev, Rémi Tirfoin, Jamie Hicks, Simon Aldridge
A combination of quantum chemical and synthetic/crystallographic methods have been employed to probe electronic structure in two series of anionic ligands related to the well known N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) class of donor. Analyses of (i) the respective frontier orbital energies/compositions for the 'free' ligands and the results of ETS-NOCV studies of the bonding in model group 11 complexes; and (ii) the structural metrics for (new) linear gold(i) compounds, have been used to probe the bonding in complexes of NHC ligands which incorporate a backbone-appended weakly-coordinating anion component (WCA-NHCs) and in systems featuring the isoelectronic (formally anionic) diazaborolyl ligand family...
May 21, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
J M C Plane, J D Carrillo-Sanchez, T P Mangan, M M J Crismani, N M Schneider, A Määttänen
Recent measurements by the Imaging Ultraviolet Spectrograph (IUVS) instrument on NASA's Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN mission show that a persistent layer of Mg+ ions occurs around 90 km in the Martian atmosphere but that neutral Mg atoms are not detectable. These observations can be satisfactorily modeled with a global meteoric ablation rate of 0.06 t sol-1 , out of a cosmic dust input of 2.7 ± 1.6 t sol-1 . The absence of detectable Mg at 90 km requires that at least 50% of the ablating Mg atoms ionize through hyperthermal collisions with CO2 molecules...
March 2018: Journal of Geophysical Research. Planets
James Johnson, Edward Pajarillo, Pratap Karki, Judong Kim, Deok-Soo Son, Michael Aschner, Eunsook Lee
Exposure to elevated levels of manganese (Mn) causes manganism, a neurological disorder with similar characteristics to those of Parkinson's disease (PD). Valproic acid (VPA), an antiepileptic, is known to inhibit histone deacetylases and exert neuroprotective effects in many experimental models of neurological disorders. In the present study, we investigated if VPA attenuated Mn-induced dopaminergic neurotoxicity and the possible mechanisms involved in VPA's neuroprotection, focusing on modulation of astrocytic glutamate transporters (glutamate aspartate transporter, GLAST and glutamate transporter 1, GLT-1) and histone acetylation in H4 astrocyte culture and mouse models...
May 17, 2018: Neurotoxicology
Margaret A Powers, Robin L Gal, Crystal G Connor, Meg Mangan, David M Maahs, Mark A Clements, Elizabeth J Mayer-Davis
AIMS: To identify dietary intake and eating patterns of people with type 1 diabetes from childhood to later adulthood in relation to HbA1c. METHODS: Trained interviewers conducted 24-hour recalls via phone utilizing a multiple pass approach and administered two nutrition questionnaires; 463 participants (or parents of participants) within the T1D Exchange clinic registry were included. Participants were 5 to 81 years with 80-101 participants in five age groups; 56% were female, and 92% were white, with a median diabetes duration of 11...
May 14, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Mark C Genovese, Janet van Adelsberg, Chunpeng Fan, Neil M H Graham, Hubert van Hoogstraten, Janie Parrino, Erin K Mangan, Alberto Spindler, Tom W J Huizinga, Désirée van der Heijde
Objectives: To examine 2-year safety, efficacy and radiographic outcomes of sarilumab in adults with RA and inadequate response to MTX (MTX-IR). Methods: In the randomized, placebo-controlled MOBILITY trial, MTX-IR patients received subcutaneous sarilumab (150 or 200 mg) or placebo every 2 weeks (q2w) plus MTX for up to 1 year. Upon study completion, patients could enrol in the open-label, long-term extension study (EXTEND, NCT011046652), in which all patients received sarilumab 200 mg q2w plus MTX...
May 9, 2018: Rheumatology
Taisiya Sigaeva, Robert Mangan, Luigi Vergori, Michel Destrade, Les Sudak
We study what is clearly one of the most common modes of deformation found in nature, science and engineering, namely the large elastic bending of curved structures, as well as its inverse, unbending, which can be brought beyond complete straightening to turn into eversion. We find that the suggested mathematical solution to these problems always exists and is unique when the solid is modelled as a homogeneous, isotropic, incompressible hyperelastic material with a strain-energy satisfying the strong ellipticity condition...
April 2018: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Miranda N Emaus, Kevin D Clark, Paige Hinners, Jared L Anderson
Nucleic acid extraction and purification represents a major bottleneck in DNA analysis. Traditional methods for DNA purification often require reagents that may inhibit quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) if not sufficiently removed from the sample. Approaches that employ magnetic beads may exhibit lower extraction efficiencies due to sedimentation and aggregation. In this study, four hydrophobic magnetic ionic liquids (MILs) were investigated as DNA extraction solvents with the goal of improving DNA enrichment factors and compatibility with downstream bioanalytical techniques...
April 28, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
C S Dou, C N Zhi, W L Liu, J L Fu, B Y Yao
Objective: To investigate the effect of manganese chloride (MnCl(2)) or 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1, 2, 3, 6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) on the neurobehavioral and histopathology in C57BL/6 mice and provide evidence for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of manganism. Methods: Adult male C57BL/6 mice were treated with MnCl(2) and MPTP respectively by intraperitoneal injection at the doses of 5, 10, 20mg Mn/kg and 30mg MPTP/kg. Controls were injected equivalent normal saline. All animals were administrated 5 times a week for 4 consecutive weeks and sacrificed after behavior tests on the fifth week...
February 20, 2018: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Lance H Rodan, Marissa Hauptman, Alissa M D'Gama, Anita E Qualls, Siqi Cao, Karin Tuschl, Fatma Al-Jasmi, Jozef Hertecant, Susan J Hayflick, Marianne Wessling-Resnick, Edward T Yang, Gerard T Berry, Andrea Gropman, Alan D Woolf, Pankaj B Agrawal
Congenital disorders of manganese metabolism are rare occurrences in children, and medical management of these disorders is complex and challenging. Homozygous exonic mutations in the manganese transporter SLC39A14 have recently been associated with a pediatric-onset neurodegenerative disorder characterized by brain manganese accumulation and clinical signs of manganese neurotoxicity, including parkinsonism-dystonia. We performed whole exome sequencing on DNA samples from two unrelated female children from the United Arab Emirates with progressive movement disorder and brain mineralization, identified a novel homozygous intronic mutation in SLC39A14 in both children, and demonstrated that the mutation leads to aberrant splicing...
April 6, 2018: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
Priscila Gubert, Bruna Puntel, Tassia Lehmen, Joshua P Fessel, Pan Cheng, Julia Bornhorst, Lucas Siqueira Trindade, Daiana S Avila, Michael Aschner, Felix A A Soares
Manganese (Mn) is an essential trace element for physiological functions since it acts as an enzymatic co-factor. Nevertheless, overexposure to Mn has been associated with a pathologic condition called manganism. Furthermore, Mn has been reported to affect lipid metabolism by mechanisms which have yet to be established. Herein, we used the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans to examine Mn's effects on the dopaminergic (DAergic) system and determine which transcription factors that regulate with lipid metabolism are affected by it...
April 16, 2018: Neurotoxicology
Rania I Nadeem, Hebatalla I Ahmed, Bahia M El-Sayeh
Manganese (Mn) is required for many essential biological processes as well as in the development and functioning of the brain. Extensive accumulation of Mn in the brain may cause central nervous system dysfunction known as manganism, a motor disorder associated with cognitive and neuropsychiatric deficits similar to parkinsonism. Vinpocetine, a synthetic derivative of the alkaloid vincamine, is used to improve the cognitive function in cerebrovascular diseases. It possesses antioxidant and antiinflammatory properties...
April 18, 2018: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
Alfred L Garfall, Edward A Stadtmauer, Wei-Ting Hwang, Simon F Lacey, Jan Joseph Melenhorst, Maria Krevvata, Martin P Carroll, William H Matsui, Qiuju Wang, Madhav V Dhodapkar, Kavita Dhodapkar, Rituparna Das, Dan T Vogl, Brendan M Weiss, Adam D Cohen, Patricia A Mangan, Emily C Ayers, Selene Nunez-Cruz, Irina Kulikovskaya, Megan M Davis, Anne Lamontagne, Karen Dengel, Naseem Ds Kerr, Regina M Young, Donald L Siegel, Bruce L Levine, Michael C Milone, Marcela V Maus, Carl H June
BACKGROUND: Multiple myeloma is usually fatal due to serial relapses that become progressively refractory to therapy. CD19 is typically absent on the dominant multiple myeloma cell population but may be present on minor subsets with unique myeloma-propagating properties. To target myeloma-propagating cells, we clinically evaluated autologous T cells transduced with a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) against CD19 (CTL019). METHODS: Subjects received CTL019 following salvage high-dose melphalan and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT)...
April 19, 2018: JCI Insight
Dong Peng, Li Zhang, Ru-Ping Liang, Jian-Ding Qiu
Mercuric ion (HgII) is a stable form of mercury pollution with high toxicity and bioaccumulation ability, and the sensitive and visible determination is of great importance. Herein, a simple method to magically improve the complexation reaction rate between porphyrin and manganous ions (MnII) have been proposed by using the synergistic effect of trace nitrogen doped graphene quantum dots (NGQDs) and Hg(II). A mechanism is proposed in accordance with a substitution reaction in which the deformed porphyrin nucleus by relatively larger Hg(II) ions is favourable for attacking of small divalent metal ions carried by NGQDs from the back...
April 18, 2018: ACS Sensors
Tobias G Boatman, Niall M Mangan, Tracy Lawson, Richard J Geider
We established the relationship between photosynthetic carbon fixation rates and pH, CO2 and HCO3- concentrations in the diazotroph Trichodesmium erythraeum IMS101. Inorganic 14C-assimilation was measured in TRIS-buffered ASW medium where the absolute and relative concentrations of CO2, pH and HCO3- were manipulated. First, we varied the total dissolved inorganic carbon concentration (TIC) (< 0 to ~ 5 mM) at constant pH, so ratios of CO2 and HCO3- remained relatively constant. Second, we varied pH (~ 8.54 to 7...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Experimental Botany
Jonathan Ferrand, Nathan P Croft, Geneviève Pépin, Kerrilyn R Diener, Di Wu, Niamh E Mangan, John Pedersen, Mark A Behlke, John D Hayball, Anthony W Purcell, Richard L Ferrero, Michael P Gantier
Murine models of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium infection are one of the commonest tools to study host-pathogen interactions during bacterial infections. Critically, the outcome of S . Typhimurium infection is impacted by the genetic background of the mouse strain used, with macrophages from C57BL/6 and BALB/c mice lacking the capacity to control intracellular bacterial replication. For this reason, the use of congenic strains, which mix the genetic backgrounds of naturally protected mouse strains with those of susceptible strains, has the capacity to significantly alter results and interpretation of S ...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
John Mangan, Darshan Shah, April Troy, Dennis Dawgert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Pediatrics in Review
Margaret T Kasner, Rosemarie Mick, Grace R Jeschke, Matthew Carabasi, Joanne Filicko-O'Hara, Neal Flomenberg, Noelle V Frey, Elizabeth O Hexner, Selina M Luger, Alison W Loren, James K Mangan, John L Wagner, Mark Weiss, Martin Carroll, Alexander E Perl
Background Mammalian Target of Rapamycin Complex 1 (mTORC1) inhibitors enhance chemotherapy response in acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) cells in vitro. However whether inhibiting mTORC1 enhances clinical response to AML chemotherapy remains controversial. We previously optimized measurement of mTORC1's kinase activity in AML blasts during clinical trials using serial phospho-specific flow cytometry of formaldehyde-fixed whole blood or marrow specimens. To validate mTORC1 as a therapeutic target in AML, we performed two clinical trials combining an mTORC1 inhibitor (sirolimus) and MEC (mitoxantrone, etoposide, cytarabine) in patients with relapsed, refractory, or untreated high-risk AML...
April 2, 2018: Investigational New Drugs
Howard B Goldman, Matthias Oelke, Steven A Kaplan, Tekeya Kitta, David Russell, Martin Carlsson, Daniel Arumi, Erin Mangan, Fady Ntanios
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We sought to determine whether baseline characteristics predict which overactive bladder (OAB) patients benefit from fesoterodine 8 mg versus 4 mg. METHODS: In double-blind, placebo-controlled, flexible-dose trials, baseline characteristics of OAB patients with ≥ 1 urgency urinary incontinence (UUI) episodes/24 h who escalated from fesoterodine 4 mg to 8 mg were evaluated. Possible dose-escalation predictors (age; sex; previous antimuscarinic use; UUI, micturitions, and urgency episodes/24 h; race; body mass index; time to dose escalation; OAB duration) were compared in escalators versus non-escalators...
March 29, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
Yehuda Ben-Shahar
Manganese (Mn) is an essential trace element that acts as a metal co-factor in diverse biochemical and cellular functions. However, chronic environmental exposure to high levels of Mn is a well-established risk factor for the etiology of severe, atypical parkinsonian syndrome (manganism) via its accumulation in the basal ganglia, pallidum, and striatum brain regions, which is often associated with abnormal dopamine, GABA, and glutamate neural signaling. Recent studies have indicated that chronic Mn exposure at levels that are below the risk for manganism can still cause behavioral, cognitive, and motor dysfunctions via poorly understood mechanisms at the molecular and cellular levels...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
Quang N Nguyen, David R Martinez, Jonathon E Himes, R Whitney Edwards, Qifeng Han, Amit Kumar, Riley Mangan, Nathan I Nicely, Guanhua Xie, Nathan Vandergrift, Xiaoying Shen, Justin Pollara, Sallie R Permar
BACKGROUND: The initial envelope (Env)-specific antibody response in acutely HIV-1-infected individuals and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-infected rhesus monkeys (RMs) is dominated by non-neutralizing antibodies targeting Env gp41. In contrast, natural primate SIV hosts, such as African green monkeys (AGMs), develop a predominant Env gp120-specific antibody response to SIV infection. However, the fine-epitope specificity and function of SIV Env-specific plasma IgG, and their potential role on autologous virus co-evolution in SIV-infected AGMs and RMs remain unclear...
March 9, 2018: Retrovirology
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