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Gallbladder surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731197/metastatic-gallbladder-carcinoma-in-meningioma-a-case-report
#1
Burak Eren, Feyza Karagoz Guzey, Ilker Gulec, Azmi Tufan
Metastases from tumors to systemic cancers are rare. The most common intracranial recipient tumor is meningioma. Metastasis from gallbladder cancer has been previously reported from only one patient during autopsy. We present the case of a 72-year-old woman who underwent surgery for right frontal skull base meningioma.The tumor was completely removed. Histological specimens showed gallbladder carcinomatous metastasis with diffuse neuroendocrine differentiation in meningothelial meningioma. The Ki-67 proliferation index of the meningioma was 3%...
June 2, 2017: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730246/spontaneous-cholecystocutaneous-fistula-as-a-primary-manifestation-of-gallbladder-adenocarcinoma-associated-with-gallbladder-lithiasis-case-report
#2
Bogdan Vasile Micu, Octavian Aurel Andercou, Carmen Maria Micu, Valentin Militaru, IonuŢ Isaia Jeican, Cătălina Ileana Bungărdean, Stelian ŞtefăniŢă Mogoantă, Dan Radu Miclăuş, Tudor Radu Pop
Spontaneous cholecystocutaneous fistula (SCF) is a rare complication of neglected calculous biliary disease and also an extremely rare complication of gallbladder neoplasm. This pathology has become even rarer because of prompt diagnosis and expedient surgical intervention for gallstones. So far, there is one published report of a SCF due to gallbladder adenocarcinoma. We present the case of a woman aged 87 years, admitted to the Vth Department of Surgery, Clinical Municipal Hospital of Cluj-Napoca (Romania) for a tumoral mass located in the epigastrium...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709483/what-remains-to-surgeons-in-the-management-of-abdominal-tuberculosis-a-10-years-experience-in-an-endemic-area
#3
Rabii Noomene, Asma Ouakaa, Raja Jouini, Anis Ben Maamer, Abderraouf Cherif
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is a common endemic disease in Tunisia. Abdominal location is rare. Early diagnosis of abdominal TB remains difficult due to its non-specific clinical presentations. The aim of our study is to highlight the characteristics of the different presentations, to characterize tools contributing to a positive preoperative diagnosis, and finally to assess the role of surgery in the management of this entity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review from 2005 to 2015 identified 90 cases of confirmed abdominal TB managed in the Department of General Surgery of the Habib Thameur Hospital...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706888/comparison-of-the-outcomes-of-robotic-cholecystectomy-and-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#4
Eun Kyoung Lee, Eunyoung Park, Won-Oak Oh, Nah-Mee Shin
PURPOSE: This study compared the effects of robotic single-port cholecystectomy (RC) and 3-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) on patients' surgical pain, postoperative complications, and satisfaction. METHODS: One hundred twenty patients with gallbladder disease scheduled for either LC or RC were recruited. Each patient was followed up for 1 week after hospital discharge. RESULTS: Time stayed in operating room was longer in patients with RC, however their hospital stay was shorter than those with LC (t = 3...
July 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703118/cholelithiasis-always-infected
#5
Tomasz Matyjas, Krzysztof Kaczka, Henryk Witas, Tomasz Płoszaj, Katarzyna Matyjas, Lech Pomorski
This study aims to present results regarding the presence and identification of bacterial strains found in bile and gallstones located in the gallbladder and bile ducts in patients operated on due to cholelithiasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bacterial culture was evaluated in 92 patients. There were 54 women (59%) and 38 men (41%) who underwent surgery on account of cholelithiasis and /or gallstones in bile ducts between 2013 and 2014. Bile and gallstone samples were cultured intraoperatively for bacteria; bacterial strains were identified, and their sensitivity to antibiotics was determined...
June 30, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695876/impact-of-obesity-on-surgical-outcome-after-single-incision-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#6
Toru Obuchi, Noriaki Kameyama, Masato Tomita, Hiroaki Mitsuhashi, Ryohei Miyata, Shigeaki Baba
INTRODUCTION: Single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) is widely used as a treatment option for gallbladder disease. However, obesity has been considered a relative contraindication to this approach due to more advanced technical difficulties. The aim of this report was to review our experience with SILC to evaluate the impact of body mass index (BMI) on the surgical outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between May 2009 and February 2013, 237 patients underwent SILC at our institute...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693792/cholangiocarcinoma
#7
REVIEW
Michela Squadroni, Luca Tondulli, Gemma Gatta, Stefania Mosconi, Giordano Beretta, Roberto Labianca
Biliary tract cancer accounts for <1% of all cancers and affects chiefly an elderly population, with predominance in men. We distinguish cholangiocarcinoma (intrahepatic, hilar and distal) and gallbladder cancer, with different pathogenesis and prognosis. The treatment is based on surgery (whenever possible), radiotherapy in selected cases, and chemotherapy. The standard cytotoxic treatment for advanced/metastatic disease is represented by the combination of gemcitabine and cisplatin, whereas fluoropyrimidines are generally administered in second line setting...
August 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692469/surgical-management-of-gallbladder-cancer-simple-versus-extended-cholecystectomy-and-the-role-of-adjuvant-therapy
#8
Gyulnara G Kasumova, Omidreza Tabatabaie, Robert M Najarian, Mark P Callery, Sing Chau Ng, Andrea J Bullock, Robert A Fisher, Jennifer F Tseng
OBJECTIVE: To assess if simple cholecystectomy with adjuvant therapy could provide outcomes comparable to extended cholecystectomy. BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend extended/radical cholecystectomy for T2/T3 gallbladder cancer; however, many tumors are discovered incidentally at laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: The national Cancer Data Base 2004 to 2014 was queried for patients with pT2/T3 gallbladder adenocarcinoma who underwent resection...
July 7, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688652/optimal-timing-of-cholecystectomy-in-children-with-gallstone-pancreatitis
#9
Faidah Badru, Saurabh Saxena, Robert Breeden, Maximillan Bourdillon, Colleen Fitzpatrick, Kaveer Chatoorgoon, Jose Greenspon, Gustavo Villalona
BACKGROUND: Little data exist regarding the recurrence of pancreatitis in pediatric patients with gallstone pancreatitis awaiting cholecystectomy. This study evaluates the recurrence rate of pancreatitis after acute gallstone pancreatitis based on the timing of cholecystectomy in pediatric patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review of all patients admitted with gallstone pancreatitis from 2007 to 2015 was performed. Children were divided into the following five groups...
July 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684194/adjuvant-chemotherapy-for-resected-biliary-tract-cancers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Michele Ghidini, Gianluca Tomasello, Andrea Botticelli, Sandro Barni, Giampietro Zabbialini, Silvia Seghezzi, Rodolfo Passalacqua, Chiara Braconi, Fausto Petrelli
INTRODUCTION: The use of adjuvant treatment (AT) in resected biliary tract cancers (BTC) is still controversial. No efficacy comparison has been performed between chemotherapy (CT) and chemoradiotherapy (CTRT). A systematic review of the available evidence regarding adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) in resected BTC was performed. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, SCOPUS and The Cochrane Library databases were searched for relevant articles published. Only studies including at least 50 patients affected by tumors of gallbladder, intrahepatic, perihilar, and distal bile ducts were considered...
July 3, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683987/node-negative-esophageal-cancer-with-short-interval-isolated-metastasis-to-the-gallbladder-a-case-report
#11
Christopher M Hart, Kelly R Haisley, Christian Lanciault, James P Dolan
A 55 year old male smoker presented with clinical T3N0 esophageal adenocarcinoma of the GE junction. He completed neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy with carboplatin/paclitaxel and 5040cGy of radiation. He had limited clinical response on restaging but no evidence of metastatic disease and completed a minimally invasive three field esophagectomy. This was complicated by a chyle leak requiring thoracic duct embolization from which he recovered well. Surgical pathology showed no apparent nodal disease or metastases but a poorly differentiated primary tumor with signet-cell features...
April 2017: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672979/applying-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-in-associating-liver-partition-and-portal-vein-ligation-for-staged-hepatectomy-a-case-report
#12
Bo Zhai, Xin Jin, Rui Wang, Taishi Fang, Jing Qu, Ying Wang, Ming Liu, Lishan Xu
Staged hepatectomy, particularly associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) is a recently developed advanced surgery for resecting liver tumors. However, large wound surfaces, incomplete drainage and high rates of mortality are vital limitations of ALPPS. The present case study describes a patient with liver cancer who underwent ALPPS surgery combined with negative pressure wound therapy. A 46-year-old male patient was hospitalized due to right upper abdominal pain. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography scan results indicated gallbladder cancer, accompanied by multiple liver metastases...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666456/effect-of-cholecystectomy-on-hepatic-fat-accumulation-and-insulin-resistance-in-non-obese-hispanic-patients-a-pilot-study
#13
Víctor Cortés, Nicolás Quezada, Sergio Uribe, Marco Arrese, Flavio Nervi
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is highly prevalent worldwide. Experimental studies have shown that cholecystectomy (XGB) increases hepatic fat content in mice and appears associated to NAFLD in large retrospective population-based studies. The aim of this study was to prospectively assess the effects of XGB on hepatic fat content (HFC) and insulin resistance (IR) in non-obese, middle aged Hispanic subjects. METHODS: Twenty-six gallstone patients undergoing elective XGB and 16 control subjects with normal livers and gallbladders at ultrasonography were prospectively followed 24 months for changes in HFC and IR...
June 30, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654508/how-to-successfully-manage-residual-gallbladders-laparoscopically-following-open-techniques
#14
Anan Xu, Hai Hu, Gang Zhao, Long Jiao
PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic retreatment for residual gallbladders following open techniques, and outline strategies for successful reintervention. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 2008 to December 2015, the clinical and follow-up data of 32 patients who underwent laparoscopic reintervention for residual gallbladders following open techniques were retrospectively analyzed and summarized. RESULTS: Of all patients, 4 underwent 2 laparotomic surgeries; 6 had choledocholithiasis and underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography...
June 26, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653000/updates-in-mirizzi-syndrome
#15
REVIEW
Alan Isaac Valderrama-Treviño, Juan José Granados-Romero, Mariana Espejel-Deloiza, Jonathan Chernitzky-Camaño, Baltazar Barrera Mera, Aranza Guadalupe Estrada-Mata, Jesús Carlos Ceballos-Villalva, Jonathan Acuña Campos, Rubén Argüero-Sánchez
Mirizzi syndrome, known as extrinsic bile compression syndrome, is a rare complication of cholecystitis and chronic cholelithiasis, secondary to the obliteration of the infundibulum of the gallbladder or cystic duct caused by the impact of one or more calculations in these anatomical structures, which leads to compression of the adjacent bile duct, resulting in partial or complete obstruction of the common hepatic duct, triggering liver dysfunction. Our aim is to identify and describe the current epidemiology, diagnostic methods, and treatment of Mirizzi syndrome...
June 2017: Hepatobiliary Surgery and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651227/double-cystic-duct-preoperatively-diagnosed-and-successfully-treated-with-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-case-report
#16
Atsushi Fujii, Masatsugu Hiraki, Noriyuki Egawa, Hiroshi Kono, Takao Ide, Junichi Nojiri, Junji Ueda, Hiroyuki Irie, Hirokazu Noshiro
INTRODUCTION: A single gallbladder with a double cystic duct is a very rare finding. In addition, few cases with this rare condition are preoperatively diagnosed. However, the preoperative confirmation or suspicion of this rare condition could facilitate safe laparoscopic cholecystectomy, which is a minimally invasive therapeutic modality for gallbladder disease. We herein present a case of gallstone disease in a patient with a double cystic duct who was preoperatively diagnosed and successfully treated with laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645328/ocular-manifestations-as-first-signs-of-systemic-t-cell-lymphoma-in-two-cases
#17
Xiao Zhang, Xin-Shu Liu, Chan Zhao, Ya-Min Lai, Mei-Fen Zhang
BACKGROUND: Intraocular involvement of systemic T-cell lymphomas are uncommon and have been broadly regarded as markers of poor prognosis. We reported two cases of uveitis patients finally diagnosed as systemic T cell lymphoma. CASE PRESENTATION: Case one is a 19-year-old female presented with fever and liver dysfunction, and was diagnosed as EBV-associated chronic active hepatitis. Fourteen months later, she suffered from recurrent granulomatous anterior uveitis in both eyes, which failed to respond to steroid and immunosuppressant therapy...
June 23, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638176/gallbladder-carcinoma-in-the-united-states-a-population-based-clinical-outcomes-study-involving-22-343-patients-from-the-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-result-database-1973-2013
#18
Christine S M Lau, Aleksander Zywot, Krishnaraj Mahendraraj, Ronald S Chamberlain
INTRODUCTION: Gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) is the most common malignancy of the biliary tract and the third most common gastrointestinal tract malignancy. This study examines a large cohort of GBC patients in the United States in an effort to define demographics, clinical, and pathologic features impacting clinical outcomes. METHODS: Demographic and clinical data on 22,343 GBC patients was abstracted from the SEER database (1973-2013). RESULTS: GBC was presented most often among Caucasian (63...
2017: HPB Surgery: a World Journal of Hepatic, Pancreatic and Biliary Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627055/cholelithiasis-in-adult-bearded-dragons-retrospective-study-of-nine-adult-bearded-dragons-pogona-vitticeps-with-cholelithiasis-between-2013-and-2015-in-southern-germany
#19
A Gimmel, H Kempf, S Öfner, D Müller, A Liesegang
With an increased number of pet reptiles, many diseases occur due to nutritional disorders. Between 2013 and 2015, irregular gallbladder contents (sludge/choleliths) in adult bearded dragons (Pogona vitticeps) were recorded in many of the routinely conducted necropsies at the reptile rescue station in Munich (Auffangstation für Reptilien, München e.V., Munich, Germany). Nine animals, six from the rescue station and three from an associated veterinary practice (Tierärztliche Praxis für Exoten, Augsburg, Germany), were studied...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621689/age-adjusted-charlson-comorbidity-index-score-as-predictor-of-survival-of-patients-with-digestive-system-cancer-who-have-undergone-surgical-resection
#20
Yaohua Tian, Zhong Jian, Beibei Xu, Hui Liu
Comorbidities have considerable effects on survival outcomes. The primary objective of this retrospective study was to examine the association between age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index (ACCI) score and postoperative in-hospital mortality in patients with digestive system cancer who have undergone surgical resection of their cancers. Using electronic hospitalization summary reports, we identified 315,464 patients who had undergone surgery for digestive system cancer in top-rank (Grade 3A) hospitals in China between 2013 and 2015...
June 7, 2017: Oncotarget
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