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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905087/robot-assisted-surgery-in-elderly-and-very-elderly-population-our-experience-in-oncologic-and-general-surgery-with-literature-review
#1
Graziano Ceccarelli, Enrico Andolfi, Alessia Biancafarina, Aldo Rocca, Maurizio Amato, Marco Milone, Marta Scricciolo, Barbara Frezza, Egidio Miranda, Marco De Prizio, Andrea Fontani
BACKGROUND: Although there is no agreement on a definition of elderly, commonly an age cutoff of ≥65 or 75 years is used. Nowadays most of malignancies requiring surgical treatment are diagnosed in old population. Comorbidities and frailty represent well-known problems during and after surgery in elderly patients. Minimally invasive surgery offers earlier postoperative mobilization, less blood loss, lower morbidity as well as reduction in hospital stay and as such represents an interesting and validated option for elderly population...
November 30, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894845/thromboelastography-demonstrates-perioperative-hypercoagulability-in-hepato-pancreato-biliary-patients-and-supports-routine-administration-of-preoperative-and-early-postoperative-venous-thromboembolism-chemoprophylaxis
#2
Anh-Thu Le, Jennifer W Harris, Erin Maynard, Sean P Dineen, Ching-Wei D Tzeng
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized hepato-pancreato-biliary (HPB) surgery patients are more likely to be hypercoagulable than hypocoagulable, and that bleeding risks from VTE chemoprophylaxis are low. This study sought to use thromboelastography (TEG) to compare coagulation profiles with bleeding/thrombotic events in HPB patients receiving standardized perioperative chemoprophylaxis. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing HPB resections by three surgeons at one institution (January 2014-December 2015) received preoperative and early postoperative VTE chemoprophylaxis and were evaluated with TEGs...
November 25, 2016: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884545/a-survey-of-current-practices-and-barriers-to-expanding-laparoscopic-hpb-surgery-in-canada
#3
Ricky Jrearz, Anand Govindarajan, Shiva Jayaraman
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this survey was to determine the extent to which laparoscopy is used in hepatopancreatobiliary (HPB) resections in Canada, and to assess HPB surgeons' attitudes and their perceived barriers to its further adoption. METHODS: Using an electronic questionnaire, 68 Canadian Hepatopancreatobiliary Association (CHPBA) surgical members were surveyed. The questionnaire consisted of 12 questions regarding: surgeon demographics, the use and limitations of laparoscopy in their practice, and interest in increasing the use of laparoscopic techniques...
November 21, 2016: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815743/presence-of-a-fellowship-improves-perioperative-outcomes-following-hepatopancreatobiliary-procedures
#4
Maria S Altieri, Jie Yang, Donglei Yin, Catherine Frenkel, Mark Talamini, Dana A Telem, Aurora Pryor
INTRODUCTION: There is an increase in subspecialization and in the number of surgeons seeking fellowship training in the USA. Little is known regarding the effect of hepatopancreatobiliary (HPB) fellowship programs' status of an institution on perioperative outcomes. This study aims to examine the effect of such status on perioperative outcomes across all institutions following complex surgeries involving HPB procedures in the State of New York (NYS). METHODS: The Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System administrative database was used to identify several complex surgeries involving the pancreas, liver, and gallbladder by using ICD-9 codes for inpatient procedures between 2012 and 2014...
November 4, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806030/a-morbidity-mortality-analysis-of-a-tertiary-level-upper-gastrointestinal-hepatopancreaticobiliary-surgical-unit
#5
Susrutha K Wickremesekera, Ho Beom Sean Seo, Mary Anne Trimber, Simon Bann, Katherine Tse
: Internationally, regionalisation of major upper gastrointestinal/hepatopancreaticobiliary (UGI/HPB) surgery to a selected number of expert hospital centres has demonstrated that high hospital volume is associated with lower mortality and morbidity. The Wellington UGI/HPB unit compared to international institutions is a low volume unit, however within New Zealand we perform a high number of Upper GI/HPB cases. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality measures of morbidity and mortality of major upper gastrointestinal and hepatopancreatobiliary surgeries performed at the Wellington UGI/HPB unit...
October 28, 2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770492/the-need-for-organization-of-laparoscopic-liver-resection
#6
Daniel Cherqui, Go Wakabayashi, David A Geller, Joseph F Buell, Ho-Seong Han, Olivier Soubrane, Nicholas O'Rourke
In this article, we present the rationale for creating a new society aiming at organizing laparoscopic liver surgery. It has been named International Laparoscopic Liver Society (ILLS). Its main mission is to facilitate the diffusion and education of laparoscopic liver resection for meaningful improvements in patient care. This will include organization of a biannual congress dedicated to laparoscopic liver resection, coordination of international registries, helping in the education of surgeons wishing to learn these techniques including travel grants, provide a website serving as a forum supporting collaboration between surgeons interested in the advancement of laparoscopic liver resection techniques (http://www...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766758/training-in-hepato-pancreato-biliary-surgery-during-residency-past-present-and-future-perspectives
#7
REVIEW
Martin de Santibañes, Eduardo de Santibañes, Juan Pekolj
The paradigm introduced by William Halsted for surgical residency training has been considered the most appropriate educational system to acquire the knowledge and surgical skills required to become a competent general surgeon. Hepato-pancreato-biliary (HPB) surgery is considered an important part of general surgery training because of its high prevalence and complexity. Nowadays, we are faced with a worldwide shortage of general surgeons candidates, restrictive working hours and less surgical exposure, situations that can undermine the objectives of training in HPB surgery during residency...
December 2016: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746036/perception-of-training-in-hepatopancreatobiliary-surgery-among-general-surgery-residents-in-the-americas
#8
Mohd Raashid Sheikh, Houssam Osman, Muhammad Umar Butt, Dhiresh Rohan Jeyarajah
BACKGROUND: Hepatopancreatobiliary (HPB) surgery experience during residency in the Americas is limited. Residents interested in HPB surgery have different options available for further training. This study evaluated training in HPB surgery received during general surgery (GS) residency, and sought to determine the perception of fellowship training in HPB surgery. METHODS: An anonymous survey was distributed to all 259 GS residency programs in the United States...
October 13, 2016: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696209/impact-of-delta-hemoglobin-on-provider-transfusion-practices-and-post-operative-morbidity-among-patients-undergoing-liver-and-pancreatic-surgery
#9
Gaya Spolverato, Fabio Bagante, Matthew Weiss, Jin He, Christopher L Wolfgang, Fabian Johnston, Martin A Makary, Will Yang, Steven M Frank, Timothy M Pawlik
BACKGROUND: Delta hemoglobin (ΔHb) is defined as the difference between the preoperative Hb and the lowest post-operative Hb level. We sought to define the impact of ΔHb relative to nadir Hb levels on the likelihood of transfusion, as well as characterize the impact of ΔHb and nadir Hb on morbidity among a large cohort of patients undergoing complex hepatopancreatobiliary (HPB) surgery. METHODS: Patients who underwent pancreatic or hepatic resection between January 1, 2009 and June 30, 2015 at Johns Hopkins Hospital were identified...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585922/surgical-treatment-of-hepato-pancreato-biliary-disease-in-china-the-tongji-experience
#10
Binhao Zhang, Wei Dong, Hongping Luo, Xuanru Zhu, Lin Chen, Changhai Li, Peng Zhu, Wei Zhang, Shuai Xiang, Wanguang Zhang, Zhiyong Huang, Xiao-Ping Chen
Hepato-pancreato-biliary (HPB) tumors are common in China. However, these tumors are often diagnosed at intermediate/ advanced stages because of the lack of a systemic surveillance program in China. This situation creates many technical challenges for surgeons and increases the incidence of postoperative complications. Therefore, Dr. Xiao-Ping Chen has made many important technical improvements, such as Chen's hepatic portal occlusion method, the anterior approach for liver resection of large HCC tumors, the modified technique of Belghiti's liver-hanging maneuver, inserting biliary-enteric anastomosis technique, and invaginated pancreaticojujunostomy with transpancreatic U-sutures...
October 2016: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546012/objective-assessment-of-trainee-operative-experience-in-a-tertiary-hepatobiliary-unit
#11
H M Joshi, E Alabraba, A Tufo, A Zone, P Ghaneh, S W Fenwick, G J Poston, H Z Malik
INTRODUCTION: Indicative numbers for completion of training (CCT) in the UK requires 35 upper Gastrointestinal/Hepatobiliary resections and 110 (50 non HPB trainees) cholecystectomies. We aim to identify whether the training experience in our centre meets the CCT requirements for hepatobiliary surgery and compare training opportunities to those in international fellowships. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our hospital's operating theatre database for all patients undergoing a liver or gallbladder resection between January 2008 and July 2015 using corresponding procedural codes and consultant name...
October 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541973/the-practice-of-laparoscopic-liver-surgery-in-belgium-a-national-survey
#12
Federico Tomassini, Vincenzo Scuderi, Giammauro Berardi, Alexandra Dili, Mathieu D'Hondt, Gregory Sergeant, Catherine Hubert, Frederik Huysentruyt, Frederik Berrevoet, Valerio Lucidi, Roberto Ivan Troisi
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic liver surgery (LLS) gained popularity bringing several advantages including decreased morbidity and reduction of length of hospital stay compared to open. METHODS: To understand practice and evolution of LLS in Belgium, a 20-questions survey was sent to all members of the Royal Belgian Society for Surgery, the Belgian Section of Hepato-Pancreatic and Biliary Surgery and the Belgian Group for Endoscopic Surgery. RESULTS: Thirty-seven surgical units representing 61 surgeons performing LLS in Belgium responded: 50% from regional hospitals, 28% from university and 22% from peripheral hospitals...
August 19, 2016: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377496/role-of-laparoscopy-in-hepatobiliary-malignancies
#13
REVIEW
Prabhu Arumugam, Vickna Balarajah, Jennifer Watt, Ajit T Abraham, Satyajit Bhattacharya, Hemant M Kocher
The many benefits of laparoscopy, including smaller incision, reduced length of hospital stay and more rapid return to normal function, have seen its popularity grow in recent years. With concurrent improvements in non-surgical cancer management the importance of accurate staging is becoming increasingly important. There are two main applications of laparoscopic surgery in managing hepato-pancreatico-biliary (HPB) malignancy: accurate staging of disease and resection. We aim to summarize the use of laparoscopy in these contexts...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27272682/pancreatic-surgery-in-italy-criteria-to-identify-the-hospital-units-and-the-tertiary-referral-centers-entitled-to-perform-it
#14
Claudio Bassi, Giampaolo Balzano, Alessandro Zerbi, Marco Ramera
Indicators of effectiveness and quality of care are urgently needed to improve the surgical outcomes. This is particularly felt in the field of complex surgical fields, such as the HPB one. International and national studies have documented an association between the large number of pancreatic surgical procedures and the outcome quality. The aim of this paper is to suggest reliable structural requirements and surgical volume to support pancreatic surgical accreditation, preserving patient's safety. Moreover, an accreditation program is outlined...
June 2016: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27222214/nomogram-to-predict-perioperative-blood-transfusion-for-hepatopancreaticobiliary-and-colorectal-surgery
#15
Y Kim, F Bagante, F Gani, A Ejaz, L Xu, J O Wasey, D J Johnson, S M Frank, T M Pawlik
BACKGROUND: Predictive tools assessing risk of transfusion have not been evaluated extensively among patients undergoing complex gastrointestinal surgery. In this study preoperative variables associated with blood transfusion were incorporated into a nomogram to predict transfusion following hepatopancreaticobiliary (HPB) or colorectal surgery. METHODS: A nomogram to predict receipt of perioperative transfusion was developed using a cohort of patients who underwent HPB or colorectal surgery between January 2009 and December 2014...
August 2016: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27215715/financial-benefits-of-a-hepatopancreaticobiliary-program
#16
Alexander S Rosemurgy, Carrie E Ryan, Richard L Klein, Thomas W Wood, Franka Co, Sharona B Ross
Financial implications of developing a hepatopancreaticobiliary (HPB) center have not been considered. We undertook this study to determine hospital income associated with a new HPB center and to gauge the opportunity cost associated with such a center. Operations included were based on the HPB fellowship curriculum and the six most commonly undertaken general surgery operations. The income with "core" HPB operations (n = 93) and the six most frequently undertaken general surgery operations (n = 583) at one hospital from June 2012 to June 2013 were determined...
May 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27154813/qualities-and-characteristics-of-successfully-matched-north-american-hpb-surgery-fellowship-candidates
#17
Erin H Baker, Jacob E Dowden, Allyson R Cochran, David A Iannitti, Eric T Kimchi, Kevin F Staveley-O'Carroll, D Rohan Jeyarajah
BACKGROUND: Hepato-pancreato-biliary (HPB) fellowships in North America are difficult to secure with an acceptance rate of 1 in 3 applicants. Desirable characteristics in an HPB surgery applicant have not been previously reported. This study examines the perceptions of trainees and HPB program directors with regards to positive attributes in applicants for HPB fellowships. METHODS: Parallel surveys were distributed by email with a web-link to current and recent HPB fellows in North America (from the past 5 years) with questions addressing the following domains: surgical training, research experience, and mentorship...
May 2016: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27138384/hpb-surgery-the-specialty-is-here-to-stay-but-the-training-is-in-evolution
#18
EDITORIAL
Michael I D'Angelica, William C Chapman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27063858/is-the-classification-of-intraoperative-complications-classic-related-to-postoperative-course
#19
Erdem Kinaci, Mert Mahsuni Sevinc, Savas Bayrak, Emre Erdoğan, Abdulkerim Ozakay, Serkan Sari
INTRODUCTION: The Classification of Intraoperative Complications (CLASSIC) is one of two recent classification systems for intraoperative adverse events (iAEs), featuring simple but inclusive definitions. No data have been reported regarding the relation between CLASSIC and postoperative course. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relation between the grade of iAEs and the grade of postoperative complications in patients who underwent hepatopancreaticobiliary (HPB) surgery...
May 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26932708/consensus-conference-on-north-american-training-in-hepatopancreaticobiliary-surgery-a-review-of-the-conference-and-presentation-of-consensus-statements
#20
D Rohan Jeyarajah, Russell S Berman, Majella Doyle, Sunil K Geevarghese, Mitchell C Posner, Douglas Farmer, Rebecca M Minter
The findings and recommendations of the North American Consensus Conference on Training in HPB Surgery held October 2014 are presented. The conference was hosted by the Society for Surgical Oncology (SSO), Americas Hepatopancreaticobiliary Association (AHPBA), and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons (ASTS). The current state of training in HPB surgery in North America was defined through three pathways-HPB, Surgical Oncology, and Solid Organ Transplant fellowships. Consensus regarding programmatic requirements included establishment of minimum case volumes and inclusion of quality metrics...
July 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
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