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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450217/a-cross-sectional-assessment-of-cutaneous-lumbosacral-and-coccygeal-physical-examination-findings-in-a-healthy-newborn-population
#1
Janelle Aby, Juliann Lipps Kim
Objective. The purpose of this study is to describe the range and frequency of cutaneous lumbosacral and coccygeal findings encountered during the newborn examination in a population of apparently healthy babies, to determine if the prevalence of these findings is associated with race/ethnicity, and to report the frequency of co-occurrence of low-risk cutaneous findings. Methods . Lumbosacral physical findings of 1121 infants were documented on well newborns at least 35 weeks or greater gestational age under the authors' care...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447880/analysis-of-risk-factors-associated-with-unilateral-hearing-loss-in-children-who-initially-passed-newborn-hearing-screening
#2
Eric N Appelbaum, Jessica B Howell, Derek Chapman, Arti Pandya, Kelley M Dodson
OBJECTIVE: To analyze 2007 Joint Committee on Infant Hearing (JCIH) risk factors in children with confirmed unilateral hearing loss (UHL) who initially passed newborn hearing screening. METHODS: Retrospective record review of 16,108 infants who passed newborn hearing screening but had one or more JCIH risk factors prompting subsequent follow-up through the universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) program in Virginia from 2010 to 2012. The study was reviewed and qualified as exempt by the Virginia Commonwealth University Institutional Review Board (IRB) and the Virginia Department of Health...
March 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447811/sensorineural-and-conductive-hearing-loss-in-infants-diagnosed-in-the-program-of-universal-newborn-hearing-screening
#3
Katarzyna Wroblewska-Seniuk, Piotr Dabrowski, Grazyna Greczka, Katarzyna Szabatowska, Agata Glowacka, Witold Szyfter, Jan Mazela
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze infants diagnosed with sensorineural or conductive hearing deficit and to identify risk factors associated with these defects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of infants diagnosed with hearing deficit based on the database of the universal newborn hearing screening program and medical records of the patients. RESULTS: 27 935 infants were covered by the universal neonatal hearing screening program...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447805/characterization-of-newborn-hearing-screening-failures-in-multigestational-births
#4
Jonathan Ross Mallen, Jacob B Hunter, Charles Auerbach, Leslie Wexler, Andrea Vambutas
OBJECTIVE: To define the rate and characterize the type of newborn hearing screening failures in multigestational births. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of all multigestational births that occurred in a 10-year period (2002-2012) in which at least one newborn failed newborn hearing screening at two tertiary care hospitals in the Northwell Health System. RESULTS: Out of 125,405 total births, we identified 2961 multigestational births, of which 59 (2...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447803/maternal-knowledge-and-attitudes-to-universal-newborn-hearing-screening-reviewing-an-established-program
#5
Maggie Yee Yan Lam, Eddie Chi Ming Wong, Chi Wai Law, Helena Hui Ling Lee, Bradley McPherson
OBJECTIVES: To facilitate early diagnosis of infants with hearing loss, a universal newborn hearing screening program (UNHS) has been implemented in Hong Kong's public hospitals for over a decade. However, there have been no known studies investigating parent attitudes to, and satisfaction with, UNHS since its launch in Hong Kong. The present study aimed to investigate knowledge of UNHS as well as infant hearing development, and attitudes and satisfaction with UNHS, in Hong Kong mothers with newborns...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444816/quality-improvement-effort-to-reduce-hypothermia-among-high-risk-infants-on-a-mother-infant-unit
#6
Christine Andrews, Colleen Whatley, Meaghan Smith, Emily Caron Brayton, Suzanne Simone, Alison Volpe Holmes
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Neonatal hypothermia is common in low birth weight (LBW) (<2500 g) and late-preterm infants (LPIs) (34 0/7-36 6/7 weeks' gestation). It can be a contributory factor for newborn admission to a NICU, resulting in maternal-infant separation and increased resource use. Our objective was to study the efficacy of a quality-improvement bundle of hypothermia preventive measures for LPIs and/or LBW infants in a mother-infant unit. METHODS: We conducted plan-do-study-act (PDSA) cycles aimed at decreasing environmental hypothermia for LPIs and/or LBW infants in a mother-infant unit with no other indications for NICU-level care...
February 14, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444139/post-discharge-body-weight-and-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-among-very-low-birth-weight-infants-in-taiwan-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#7
Chung-Ting Hsu, Chao-Huei Chen, Ming-Chih Lin, Teh-Ming Wang, Ya-Chi Hsu
BACKGROUND: Premature infants are at high risk for developmental delay and cognitive dysfunction. Besides medical conditions, growth restriction is regarded as an important risk factor for cognitive and neurodevelopmental dysfunction throughout childhood and adolescence and even into adulthood. In this study, we analyzed the relationship between post-discharge body weight and psychomotor development using a nationwide dataset. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a nationwide cohort study conducted in Taiwan...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443362/outcomes-of-intravitreal-bevacizumab-and-diode-laser-photocoagulation-for-treatment-warranted-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#8
Tiffany A Chen, Ira H Schachar, Darius M Moshfeghi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To investigate the outcomes of infants with treatment-warranted retinopathy of prematurity (TW-ROP) who received intravitreal bevacizumab (Avastin; Genentech, South San Francisco, CA) (IVB) injections as compared to diode laser photocoagulation (DLP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from the Stanford University Network for Diagnosis of Retinopathy of Prematurity database and inpatients at Stanford Children's Hospital were retrospectively reviewed for premature newborns with TW-ROP treated with DLP or 0...
February 1, 2018: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442277/exploring-lactation-consultant-views-on-infant-safe-sleep
#9
Nichole L Hodges, Lara B McKenzie, Sarah E Anderson, Mira L Katz
Objectives The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the infant safe sleep beliefs and occupational practices of lactation consultants and to determine if lactation consultants give advice to clients that is consistent with the American Academy of Pediatrics' recommendations on this topic. Methods Focus groups were conducted with certified lactation consultants in two cities in Ohio. Participants discussed the role of lactation consultants, the infant sleep advice they provide to women, their views on the American Academy of Pediatrics' infant safe sleep recommendations and related policies, and perceived benefits and barriers associated with providing infant safe sleep education as part of their work...
February 13, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441032/dissociating-long-and-short-term-memory-in-three-month-old-infants-using-the-mismatch-response-to-voice-stimuli
#10
Katharina Zinke, Leonie Thöne, Elaina M Bolinger, Jan Born
Auditory event-related potentials (ERPs) have been successfully used in adults as well as in newborns to discriminate recall of longer-term and shorter-term memories. Specifically the Mismatch Response (MMR) to deviant stimuli of an oddball paradigm is larger if the deviant stimuli are highly familiar (i.e., retrieved from long-term memory) than if they are unfamiliar, representing an immediate change to the standard stimuli kept in short-term memory. Here, we aimed to extend previous findings indicating a differential MMR to familiar and unfamiliar deviants in newborns (Beauchemin et al...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439297/state-of-south-dakota-s-child-2017
#11
Ann L Wilson, Tyler Hemmingson, Brad Randall
There was a slight decrease in 2016 from 2015 in the total number of live births in South Dakota, but it was the fifth consecutive year that there were more than 12,000 newborns in the state. Nearly one-quarter of South Dakota's births represent minority populations mirroring what is observed nationally. Infant mortality in South Dakota dropped to its lowest ever rate per 1,000 live births (4.8) in 2016. Fewer births of less than 500 g newborns, increased survival of very low birth weight newborns, and a decrease in deaths due to congenital anomalies contributed to this low mortality rate...
January 2018: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437933/well-appearing-newborn-with-a-vesiculobullous-rash-at-birth
#12
Sarah E Stewart, Jody L Lin, Jennifer L Everhart, Trung H Pham, Ann L Marqueling, Kerri E Rieger, Sarah L Hilgenberg
A term, appropriate-for-gestational-age, male infant born via normal spontaneous vaginal delivery presented at birth with a full-body erythematous, vesiculobullous rash. He was well-appearing with normal vital signs and hypoglycemia that quickly resolved. His father had a history of herpes labialis. His mother had an episode of herpes zoster during pregnancy and a prolonged rupture of membranes that was adequately treated. The patient underwent a sepsis workup, including 2 attempted but unsuccessful lumbar punctures, and was started on broad-spectrum antibiotics and acyclovir, given concerns about bacterial or viral infection...
February 6, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437908/a-quality-improvement-initiative-to-reduce-nicu-transfers-for-neonates-at-risk-for-hypoglycemia
#13
Sherry LeBlanc, Jamie Haushalter, Carl Seashore, Karen S Wood, Michael J Steiner, Ashley G Sutton
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Neonatal hypoglycemia is a common problem, often requiring management in the NICU. Nonpharmacologic interventions, including early breastfeeding and skin-to-skin care (SSC), may prevent hypoglycemia and the need to escalate care. Our objective was to maintain mother-infant dyads in the mother-infant unit by decreasing hypoglycemia resulting in NICU transfer. METHODS: Inborn infants ≥35 weeks' gestation with at least 1 risk factor for hypoglycemia were included...
February 8, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437491/human-donor-milk-or-formula-a-qualitative-study-of-maternal-perspectives-on-supplementation
#14
Molly R Rabinowitz, Laura R Kair, Heather L Sipsma, Carrie A Phillipi, Ilse A Larson
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is fundamental to maternal and child health and is the most cost-effective intervention to reduce child mortality. Pasteurized human donor milk (HDM) is increasingly provided for term newborns requiring temporary supplementation. Few studies examine maternal perspectives on supplementation of term newborns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted semistructured in-person interviews with mothers of term newborns (n = 24) during postpartum hospitalization...
February 13, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437048/development-of-infants-with-congenital-zika-syndrome-what-do-we-know-and-what-can-we-expect
#15
Anne C Wheeler
The association between Zika virus infection during pregnancy and severe birth defects in infants has led to worldwide attention focused on the mechanisms of the disease and the prevention of future exposure. Surveillance efforts around the world continue with the goal of identifying and monitoring all potentially exposed women and their newborns. For infants who were born with congenital Zika syndrome (CZS) and their families, an uncertain future awaits. As infants who were born with CZS during the most recent outbreak enter their second year of life, new developments in the outcomes of the condition continue to unfold, providing some insight into the likely long-term sequalae...
February 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436352/does-changing-newborn-bath-procedure-alter-newborn-temperatures-and-exclusive-breastfeeding
#16
Carol Suchy, Cyndi Morton, Rocky Roy Ramos, Alexandra Ehrgott, Megan Marie Quental, Amanda Burridge, Dana N Rutledge
PURPOSE: This evidence-based practice project evaluated effects of changing timing/character of initial newborn baths on infant temperatures and breastfeeding status. BACKGROUND: The hospital protocol for initial bathing procedures was updated: immersion baths; 12 hours postpartum; family included. METHODS: Staff nurse champions provided staff training. The evaluation included three seven-week periods (2016-2017) and three measures: adherence, temperature stabilization, and exclusive breastfeeding...
January 1, 2018: Neonatal Network: NN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434061/immediate-neonatal-outcomes-of-preterm-infants-born-to-mothers-with-preterm-pre-labour-rupture-of-membranes
#17
Niveditha Dannapaneni, Tejopratap Oleti, Tarakeswari Surapaneni, Deepak Sharma, Srinivas Murki
Background & objectives: With the use of early and appropriate use of antibiotics, outcomes have improved in the mother-infant dyads exposed to preterm pre-labour rupture of membranes (PPROM). This study was undertaken to evaluate immediate neonatal outcomes in infants born before 33 completed weeks of gestation to mothers with PPROM versus without PPROM. Methods: During the study period from January 2013 to December 2013, a total of 182 mother-infant dyads were prospectively included in the study...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433703/low-dose-aspirin-for-the-prevention-of-preeclampsia
#18
Heidi Collins Fantasia
Preeclampsia is a hypertensive disorder specific to pregnancy that remains a significant cause of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Identification of women who are most at risk for preeclampsia is imprecise. Because of the potential negative health consequences of preeclampsia for women and newborns and the lack of effective screening mechanisms preventing preeclampsia is an important component of prenatal care. Researchers have documented that low-dose aspirin, taken daily after the first trimester, can decrease the development of preeclampsia and reduce the incidence of preterm birth and birth of small-for-gestational-age infants...
February 2018: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433701/intention-and-initiation-of-breastfeeding-among-women-who-are-incarcerated
#19
Rebecca J Shlafer, Laurel Davis, Lauren A Hindt, Lorie S Goshin, Erica Gerrity
The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative recommends that all mothers be shown how to breastfeed, even when mothers and newborns are separated. Most incarcerated women are separated from their infants after the postpartum hospital stay, creating barriers to breastfeeding. We examined breastfeeding among a sample of women participating in a prison-based pregnancy program. Quantitative data indicated that women who discussed breastfeeding with their doulas were more likely to initiate breastfeeding. Three qualitative themes were identified: Benefits of Breastfeeding, Barriers to Breastfeeding, and Role of the Doula...
February 2018: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433457/an-infant-formula-containing-dairy-lipids-increased-red-blood-cell-membrane-omega-3-fatty-acids-in-4%C3%A2-month-old-healthy-newborns-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Maria Lorella Gianni, Paola Roggero, Charlotte Baudry, Catherine Fressange-Mazda, Claudio Galli, Carlo Agostoni, Pascale le Ruyet, Fabio Mosca
BACKGROUND: When breastfeeding is not possible, infants are fed formulas (IF) in which lipids are usually of plant origin. However, the use of dairy fat in combination with plant oils enables a lipid profile closer to breast milk in terms of fatty acid (FA) composition, triglyceride structure, polar lipids and cholesterol contents. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of an IF containing a mix of dairy fat and plant oils on Omega-3 FA content in red blood cells (RBC)...
February 13, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
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