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color doppler scrotum

Laurence Rocher, Jean-Luc Gennisson, Sophie Ferlicot, Aline Criton, Laurence Albiges, Vincent Izard, Marie France Bellin, Jean-Michel Correas
Background Ultrasensitive Doppler is a novel non-invasive ultrasound (US) Doppler technique that improves sensitivity and resolution for the detection of slow flow. Purpose To investigate the feasibility of ultrasensitive Doppler (USD) for testicular disease diagnosis, using both qualitative and quantitative results. Material and Methods This prospective study was conducted in 160 successive men referred for scrotal US including B-mode and conventional Color-Doppler. A new USD sequence and algorithm dedicated to academic research were implemented into the US system...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
Ronald H Wachsberg
Ureteral colic is not generally included in the differential diagnoses of acute scrotal pain, although ureteral pathology is a recognized cause of pain referred to the scrotum. We report 3 patients presenting with acute scrotal pain who had normal scrotal color Doppler ultrasound scans; subsequent ultrasound of the ipsilateral kidney revealed hydronephrosis, which ultimately led to the clinically unsuspected diagnosis of ureteral colic. We conclude that ureteral colic should be included in the differential diagnosis of acute scrotal pain, and we further suggest that a survey ultrasound of the kidney on the side of the pain should be performed in patients presenting with acute scrotal pain and a normal color Doppler ultrasound examination of the scrotum...
May 20, 2017: Ultrasound Quarterly
Dharmraj Meena, Richa Jhuria, Sangeeta Saxena, Umesh Saini
An inguinal hernia occurs when an intestinal loop or part of the omentum or genital organs passes into the scrotal cavity or labia through an incompletely obliterated processus vaginalis. Inguinal hernias are most common in preterm neonates, especially at 32-weeks gestation. Content of hernia is mostly bowel and ovary/testicles. Presence of uterus in herniated sac is rare, and only few cases are reported in literature. Hernia is more frequently located on the right side because the right processus vaginalis closes later than the left...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
Hidenori Nishio, Kentaro Mizuno, Taiki Kato, Yoshinobu Moritoki, Hideyuki Kamisawa, Satoshi Kurokawa, Akihiro Nakane, Atsushi Okada, Takahiro Yasui, Yutaro Hayashi
A 5-month-old boy presented with right scrotal swelling. Color Doppler ultrasonography showed an encapsulated hypoechoic lesion with surrounding hyperemia in the right tail of the epididymis. We performed surgical exploration of the scrotum because it was not considered to be a typical epididymitis. During the operation, we aspirated pus from his right epididymis through a needle by referring to the color Doppler findings. This is the first case of epididymal abscess in an infant to be successfully diagnosed and treated with needle aspiration...
July 2017: Urology Case Reports
V Patil, S M C Shetty, S Das
Ultrasonography(US) of the scrotum has been demonstrated to be useful in the diagnosis of fluid in the scrotal sac. Grayscale US characterizes the lesions as testicular or extratesticular and, with color Doppler, power Doppler and pulse Doppler, any perfusion can also be assessed. Cystic or encapsulated fluid collections are relatively common benign lesions that usually present as palpable testicular lumps. Most cysts arise in the epidydimis, but all anatomical structures of the scrotum can be the site of their origin...
November 2015: Ultrasound International Open
Fumiya Hongo, Masahito Saitoh
We used an Aloka SSD-2000 ultrasound unit with a 5 MHz convex scanner to assess one case of torsion of the spermatic cord, one case of orchitis, and two cases of epididymitis. Color flow imaging showed absence of blood flow signals in the testis in the case of torsion of the spermatic cord, while blood flow signals in the scrotum were significantly increased in the cases of orchitis and epididymitis. Blood flow signals decreased after chemotherapy. Color flow imaging may thus prove useful in the diagnosis and follow-up of patients with acute scrotum...
December 2003: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
Waldemar Białek, Sławomir Rudzki, Lech Wronecki
This paper presents the case of a very rare capillary hemangioma of the testis in a 23-year-old patient. Physical examination revealed a tumor located in the upper pole of the left testis, which was suspected of being malignant due to its significantly increased density and irregular contours. Blood levels of the following tumor markers were determined: alpha-fetoprotein, human chorionic gonadotropin and lactate dehydrogenase. No abnormalities were found in any of these tests. A gray-scale ultrasound scan of the scrotum revealed a lesion located in the upper pole of the left testis, 24 mm in diameter with slightly decreased echogenicity and irregular contours, which suggested infiltration of the tunica albuginea of the testis...
March 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
Rahul Rajendra Arkar, Rajesh A Umap, Sudhakar Jadhav
Testis follows a predictable course during its stepwise descent from its site of origin in the lumbar region to its final destination in ipsilateral hemi-scrotum. Undesended (cryptorchid) testis is more prone for neoplastic transformation. Testicular teratoma is rare relative to ovarian teratoma and occurs rarely prenatally than postnatally. Teratoma is composed of derivatives of three germ layers. Ultrasound with color Doppler is the most commonly used modality for assessment of prenatal status. Prenatal diagnosis of cryptorchid testicular teratoma involves identification of well-defined, complex solid-cystic lesion with calcifications along the path of testicular descent and absent testis in ipsilateral hemi-scrotum at 36 weeks of gestation...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
Anna L Kühn, Eduardo Scortegagna, Kristina M Nowitzki, Young H Kim
Ultrasonography is the ideal noninvasive imaging modality for evaluation of scrotal abnormalities. It is capable of differentiating the most important etiologies of acute scrotal pain and swelling, including epididymitis and testicular torsion, and is the imaging modality of choice in acute scrotal trauma. In patients presenting with palpable abnormality or scrotal swelling, ultrasonography can detect, locate, and characterize both intratesticular and extratesticular masses and other abnormalities. A 12-17 MHz high frequency linear array transducer provides excellent anatomic detail of the testicles and surrounding structures...
July 2016: Ultrasonography
Pietro Pepe, Astrid Bonaccorsi, Giuseppe Candiano, Francesco Pietropaolo, Paolo Panella, Michele Pennisi
Acute scrotum constitutes the most common urological emergency secondary to spermatic cord torsion, testicular trauma, orchiepididymitis and hernias. We report a very rare case of unique traumatic spermatic cord hematoma following scrotum injury occurred during a football match. Clinical exam showed an increased volume of the left spermatic cord; the color Doppler ultrasound (CDU) demonstrated left testicular ischemia secondary to a large spermatic cord hematoma that needs surgical exploration. Spermatic cord hematoma rarely induces acute scrotum, however it could be treated conservatively surgery is mandatory when pain is persistent or testicular ischemia is confirmed by CDU...
March 2015: Urology Case Reports
Goto Gangkak, Anoop Mishra, Shivam Priyadarshi, Vinay Tomar
We report a case of 24-year-old male presenting with painless penoscrotal swelling for 3 years. On examination, a large soft bag of worm-like, superficial, nonpulsatile swelling was present in scrotum and penis. Color Doppler showed dilated tortuous vessels and on angiography no connections to corpora or vessels were seen. So a diagnosis of hemangioma was made and a surgical excision was carried out by circumcoronal and scrotal incisions. Postop course was uneventful. At 6 months of follow-up, no recurrence was seen and wound had healed with excellent cosmetic appearance...
2015: Case Reports in Urology
Qun Lu, Changwei Ji, Gutian Zhang, Huibo Lian, Shiwei Zhang, Xiaogong Li, Weidong Gan, Hongqian Guo
OBJECTIVE: To improve the diagnosis and treatment of testicular torsion. METHODS: The clinical features of 49 testicular torsion patients admitted to Department of Urology Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from April 2008 to March 2014 were retrospectively analyzed, the average age was (21 ± 6) years (range 13-52 years).Forty-four cases underwent the color Doppler flow imaging of scrotum, demonstrated reduction of the testicular blood supply in 9 cases and loss of the testicular blood supply in 35 cases...
August 1, 2015: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Yu-Jia Yang, Bo Xiang, Ju-Xian Liu, Mei Yang, Hui-Zhu Chen
A 31-month-old boy with Wilms' tumor (WT), which primarily had originated from the left kidney, was treated with nephrectomy and adjuvant chemotherapy. 2 months after nephrectomy, a left scrotal mass was found at routine follow-up. High-frequency sonography examination revealed an enlarged left testis with a heterogeneous texture and a hypoechoic solid mass in the left scrotum. Moreover, hypervascular signals presented in both the left testis and the mass on color Doppler flow imaging. Left orchiectomy was performed for suspected intrascrotal metastasis of WT, which was confirmed by histopathology examination...
October 2015: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
Mohsen Rouzrokh, Alireza Mirshemirani, Ahmad Khaleghnejad-Tabari
BACKGROUND: Testicular torsion (TT), or twisting of the testicle resulting in a strangulation of the blood supply, occurs in men whose tissue surrounding the testicle is not well attached to the scrotum. It is important to emphasize that testicular torsion is a medical emergency. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the second look exploration and outcomes in TT. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventy boys out of 124 patients underwent early exploration and 48 hours later second look exploration due to TT...
August 2015: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Salvatore Arena, Pietro Impellizzeri, Patrizia Perrone, Gianfranco Scalfari, Antonio Centorrino, Nunzio Turiaco, Tiziana Russo, Pietro Antonuccio, Carmelo Romeo
INTRODUCTION: Classically, surgical approach for palpable undescended testis (pUDT) consists is an inguinal orchidopexy. In fact, a double incision allows an adequate mobilization of the spermatic cord and an easy dissection of a patent processus vaginalis and also to perform a subdartos pouch. For reduce potential mobility of the inguinal approach, in 1989 Bianchi and Squire proposed a transcrotal orchidopexy, using a high scrotal incision. We report our experiences and retrospectively evaluate the feasibility and postoperative success of the transcrotal approach for treatment of pUDT...
February 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Zhenxing Sun, Mingxing Xie, Feixiang Xiang, Yue Song, Cheng Yu, Yanrong Zhang, Sachin Ramdhany, Jing Wang
Real-time shear-wave elastography (SWE) is a newly developed method which can obtain the stiffness of tissues and organs based on tracking of shear wave propagation through a structure. Several studies have demonstrated its potential in the differentiation between diseased and normal tissue in clinical practices, however the applicability to testicular disease has not been well elucidated. We investigated the feasibility and reproducibility of SWE in the detection of testicular torsion. This prospective study comprised 15 patients with complete testicular torsion...
2015: PloS One
You Yu, Feng Zhang, Qun An, Long Wang, Chao Li, Zhilin Xu
BACKGROUND: Scrotal exploration is considered the procedure of choice for acute scrotum. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the importance of early diagnosis and testicular salvage on the therapeutic outcomes of patients with pediatric testicular torsion (TT) and testicular appendage torsion (TAT) in our geographic area. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective database analysis of patients who underwent emergency surgery for TT or TAT between January 1996 and June 2009...
February 2015: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Mikahl Lev, Jacob Ramon, Yoram Mor, Jeffrey M Jacobson, Michalle Soudack
PURPOSE: The most common cause of acute scrotum in prepubertal boys is torsion of the testicular or epididymal appendages. The purpose of this retrospective study was to characterize the features of these lesions as viewed on sonographic (US) and color Doppler US examination. METHODS: During a 220-week period, 527 male patients 0-17 years old had been referred from the pediatric emergency department for scrotal US evaluation. Torsion of the appendix testis or appendix epididymis had been diagnosed in 19 (3...
October 2015: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Yoo Seok Kim, Soon Ki Kim, In-Chang Cho, Seung Ki Min
PURPOSE: To determine effectiveness of Valsalva maneuver and standing position on scrotal color Doppler ultrasound (CDU) for the varicocele diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the physical examination and CDU finding in 87 patients who visited National Police Hospital from January 2011 to April 2014. Diameters of pampiniform plexus were measured bilaterally during resting and Valsalva maneuver in the supine position and standing position. We calculated the ratio of mean of maximal vein diameter (mMVD) during resting and Valsalva maneuver (resting-Valsalva ratio) and compared in the both position...
February 2015: Korean Journal of Urology
Alka M Agrawal, Prem Siddharth Tripathi, Amit Shankhwar, C Naveen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: An acute scrotum is defined as acute pain with or without scrotal swelling, may be accompanied by local signs or general symptoms. Acute scrotal pain is a medical emergency. Depending on cause, the management is entirely different. Torsion of testis and strangulated hernia are surgical emergency; whereas, epididymo-orchitis is treated by medicines. Testicular trauma and obstructed hernia can be differentiated by taking history from patient. Physical examination adds only a little information...
October 2014: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
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