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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932811/combining-adobe-forms-and-dropbox-to-obtain-a-low-cost-electronic-data-collection-system
#1
María Yoldi-Negrete, Ingrid Pamela Morales-Cedillo, Iñaki Navarro-Castellanos, Ana Fresán-Orellana, Rubén Panduro-Flores, Claudia Becerra-Palars
BACKGROUND: The method used to collect, store, and analyze data can affect the quality of data obtained. Many studies have shown the advantages of electronic systems over paper. Numerous tools are available for this purpose; however, they tend to be implemented only in high-budget protocols as they tend to be expensive. INTRODUCTION: We report the experience of the Affective Disorders' Clinic of the National Institute of Psychiatry in Mexico City using Adobe Acrobat Forms combined with Dropbox as storage and distribution method for clinical protocols...
June 22, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883693/androgenic-signaling-systems-and-their-role-in-behavioral-evolution
#2
REVIEW
Matthew J Fuxjager, Eric R Schuppe
Sex steroids mediate the organization and activation of masculine reproductive phenotypes in diverse vertebrate taxa. However, the effects of sex steroid action in this context vary tremendously, in that steroid action influences reproductive physiology and behavior in markedly different ways (even among closely related species). This leads to the idea that the mechanisms underlying sex steroid action similarly differ across vertebrates in a manner that supports diversification of important sexual traits. Here, we highlight the Evolutionary Potential Hypothesis as a framework for understanding how androgen-dependent reproductive behavior evolves...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792560/acceleration-profile-of-an-acrobatic-act-during-training-and-shows-using-wearable-technology
#3
Leland Barker, Bryan Burnstein, John Mercer
The purpose of this study was to describe the mechanical characteristics of a trampoline circus act and its individual tracks performed in training and shows using a tri-axial accelerometer. A track is an artist's specific role within a choreographed act. Seven male acrobats performed their trampoline act during training and shows while wearing a triaxial accelerometer and reported ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) after each trial. Average acceleration (AVG), root mean square (RMS), root mean to the fourth (RM4), time spent in specific acceleration ranges and RPE were measured/recorded from training and show acts...
May 24, 2018: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768916/molecular-acrobatics-in-polycyclic-frames-synthesis-of-functionalized-d3-trishomocubanes-via-rearrangement-approach
#4
Sambasivarao Kotha, Subba Rao Cheekatla
A new synthetic route to D3-trishomocubanone and oxa- D3-trishomocubane derivatives has been established by rearrangement approach. Remotely located methyl substituent in the six membered ring contributed to the acid catalyzed rearrangement of cage dione in an unusual fashion. This rearrangement approach provided an attractive route to extended D3-trishomocubanes which are not accessible by conventional multi-step synthetic sequence. For the first time, two phenyl groups were incorporated from the solvent in strained trishomocubane skeleton in an unprecedented manner via carbocation-mediated rearrangement with the aid of BF3...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736034/exploring-the-speed-limit-of-toehold-exchange-with-a-cartwheeling-dna-acrobat
#5
Jieming Li, Alexander Johnson-Buck, Yuhe Renee Yang, William M Shih, Hao Yan, Nils G Walter
Dynamic DNA nanotechnology has yielded nontrivial autonomous behaviours such as stimulus-guided locomotion, computation and programmable molecular assembly. Despite these successes, DNA-based nanomachines suffer from slow kinetics, requiring several minutes or longer to carry out a handful of operations. Here, we pursue the speed limit of an important class of reactions in DNA nanotechnology-toehold exchange-through the single-molecule optimization of a novel class of DNA walker that undergoes cartwheeling movements over a field of complementary oligonucleotides...
May 7, 2018: Nature Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722607/feedback-control-based-navigation-of-a-flying-insect-machine-hybrid-robot
#6
Yao Li, Jinbin Wu, Hirotaka Sato
This study reports the first ever demonstration of the aero navigation of a free-flying insect based on feedback control. Instead of imitating the complicated kinetics and mechanisms of insect locomotion, a live insect can be directly transformed into a soft robot by embedding it with artificial devices. Since many insects can perform acrobatics aerially, thereby exhibiting far greater flexibility than current man-made flyers, correctly commanding the internal structures of an insect to perform based on the instructions would be a breakthrough...
May 3, 2018: Soft Robotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669845/trans-generational-immunization-in-the-acrobat-ant-crematogaster-scutellaris
#7
Adele Bordoni, Leonardo Dapporto, Irene Tatini, Martina Celli, Manuel Bercigli, Serena Ressurrección Barrufet, Brunella Perito, Stefano Turillazzi
Trans-generational immunization is defined as the transmission of an enhanced resistance to a pathogen from parents to offspring. By using the host-parasite system of the ant Crematogaster scutellaris and the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae , we describe this phenomenon for the first time in ants. We exposed four groups of hibernating queens to different treatments (i) a non-lethal dose of live conidiospores in Triton, (ii) a dose of heat-killed conidiospores in Triton, (iii) a control Triton solution, and (iv) a naive control...
April 2018: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580376/high-throughput-non-invasive-prenatal-testing-for-fetal-rhesus-d-status-in-rhd-negative-women-not-known-to-be-sensitised-to-the-rhd-antigen-a-systematic-review-and-economic-evaluation
#8
Pedro Saramago, Huiqin Yang, Alexis Llewellyn, Ruth Walker, Melissa Harden, Stephen Palmer, Susan Griffin, Mark Simmonds
BACKGROUND: High-throughput non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) for fetal rhesus (D antigen) (RhD) status could avoid unnecessary treatment with routine anti-D immunoglobulin for RhD-negative women carrying a RhD-negative fetus, although this may lead to an increased risk of RhD sensitisations. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the evidence on the diagnostic accuracy, clinical effectiveness and implementation of high-throughput NIPT and to develop a cost-effectiveness model...
March 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508089/a-novel-and-freely-available-interactive-3d-model-of-the-internal-carotid-artery
#9
Marc Valera-Melé, Anna Puigdellívol-Sánchez, Marija Mavar-Haramija, Juan A Juanes-Méndez, Luis San-Román, Matteo de Notaris, Alberto Prats-Galino
We describe a new and freely available 3D interactive model of the intracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) and the skull base that also allows to display and compare its main segment classifications. High-resolution 3D human angiography (isometric voxel's size 0.36 mm) and Computed Tomography angiography images were exported to Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML) format for processing in a 3D software platform and embedding in a 3D Portable Document Format (PDF) document that can be freely downloaded at http://diposit...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502302/sleep-duration-body-composition-dietary-profile-and-eating-behaviours-among-children-and-adolescents-a-comparison-between-portuguese-acrobatic-gymnasts
#10
Maria-Raquel G Silva, Hugo-Henrique Silva, Teresa Paiva
Sleep, body composition and dietary intake are crucial for athletes' health and performance but have never been investigated in acrobatic gymnasts. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate sleep, body composition, dietary intake and eating behaviours of acrobatic gymnasts. Using a cross-sectional study, 82 Portuguese acrobatic gymnasts (12.8 ± 3.1 years, 61 females and 21 males) were evaluated during the competitive period to collect training data, sleep duration, body composition, dietary intake and eating behaviours before, during and after practices...
March 3, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480413/the-effects-of-acrobatic-exercise-on-brain-plasticity-a-systematic-review-of-animal-studies
#11
REVIEW
R M S Gutierrez, N A Ricci, Q R S Gomes, D L Oliveira, R S Pires
Acrobatic exercise is considered a complex motor activity and may promote motor learning and neuroplasticity. The objective of this systematic review was to verify possible plastic brain changes induced by acrobatic exercise in non-lesioned rat and mouse through the analysis of experimental studies. Manual and electronic searches were conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE and ISI Web of Science databases, without restriction to language or publication date. Synaptogenesis and neurogenesis were selected as the primary outcomes...
February 26, 2018: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249302/motor-learning-induces-plastic-changes-in-purkinje-cell-dendritic-spines-in-the-rat-cerebellum
#12
D González-Tapia, M M González-Ramírez, N Vázquez-Hernández, I González-Burgos
INTRODUCTION: The paramedian lobule of the cerebellum is involved in learning to correctly perform motor skills through practice. Dendritic spines are dynamic structures that regulate excitatory synaptic stimulation. We studied plastic changes occurring in the dendritic spines of Purkinje cells from the paramedian lobule of rats during motor learning. METHODS: Adult male rats were trained over a 6-day period using an acrobatic motor learning paradigm; the density and type of dendritic spines were determined every day during the study period using a modified version of the Golgi method...
December 14, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196193/automated-center-out-rodent-behavioral-trainer-acrobat-an-automated-device-for-training-rats-to-perform-a-modified-center-out-task
#13
David A Bjånes, Chet T Moritz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166989/use-of-a-patient-specific-outcome-measure-and-a-movement-classification-system-to-guide-nonsurgical-management-of-a-circus-performer-with-low-back-pain-a-case-report
#14
Ruth L Chimenti, Linda R Van Dillen, Lynnette Khoo-Summers
Low back pain (LBP) can be detrimental to the career of a circus arts performer, yet there is minimal population-specific literature to guide care. Moreover, reluctance to discontinue training and the need to resume end-range lumbar motion can impede the success of conservative care. The purpose of this case report is to describe the use of a patient-specific outcome measure and a movement classification system to structure a home exercise program (HEP) for an adolescent training to be a circus performer. The patient was a 16-year-old female with a 10-month history of LBP...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104367/triggers-of-the-postural-display-of-courtship-in-drosophila-persimilis-flies
#15
Mónica Vega Hernández, Caroline Cecile Gabrielle Fabre
D. persimilis courtship shows some flexibility and courting males sometimes perform an elaborate postural display in addition to the standard courtship behaviours shared by most Drosophila species. This postural display includes the acrobatic contortion and tremulation of their abdomen, accompanied by the generation of substrate-borne vibrations, and they proffer a nutritional droplet to the female. Here, we use courtship and choice assays to ask what triggers this display and what advantages males may gain from it during courtship...
2017: Journal of Insect Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064551/organisation-of-the-dopamine-neuronal-subsets-within-midbrain-of-the-pygmy-acrobat
#16
R Krawczyk, I Klejbor, K Turlejski, B Ludkiewicz, J Moryś
Pygmy Acrobat has unique set of morphological, anatomical and behavioral features that make it a promising model for study of primate evolution. Among the many locomotor adaptations, it should be mark a wide range of movements such as gliding, climbing, running, arboreality. This type of behavior can result from differences in anatomy and physiology of the brain systems involved in its integration. It is well acknowledged that dopaminergic neurons are involved in motor control, motivation and cognition. Due to the fact that there are no data on morphological organisation of dopaminergic system in the midbrain of Acrobates pygmaeus, we decide to do this using immunohistochemical and quantitative methods...
October 24, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026980/evolution-of-the-androgen-induced-male-phenotype
#17
REVIEW
Matthew J Fuxjager, Meredith C Miles, Barney A Schlinger
The masculine reproductive phenotype varies significantly across vertebrates. As a result, biologists have long recognized that many of the mechanisms that support these phenotypes-particularly the androgenic system-is evolutionarily labile, and thus susceptible to the effects of selection for different traits. However, exactly how androgenic signaling systems vary in a way which results in dramatically different functional outputs, remain largely unclear. We explore this topic here by outlining four key-but non-mutually exclusive-hypotheses that propose how the mechanisms of androgenic signaling might change over time to potentiate the emergence of phenotypical variation in masculine behavior and physiology...
January 2018: Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976865/-acrobatic-lice
#18
Adan Fuentes-Suárez, Tita N González-Márquez
A 65-year-old man presented to the dermatology clinic with a 6-week history of severe itching in the inguinal area. Examination did not reveal any cutaneous lesions, and the symptoms were subsequently investigated by means of dermoscopy. Dermoscopy revealed a nit firmly attached to the pubic hair,..
October 5, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938418/androgens-support-male-acrobatic-courtship-behavior-by-enhancing-muscle-speed-and-easing-the-severity-of-its-tradeoff-with-force
#19
Matthew J Fuxjager, Meredith C Miles, Franz Goller, John Petersen, Julia Yancey
Steroid hormone action in the brain regulates many animals' elaborate social displays used for courtship and competition, but it is increasingly recognized that the periphery may also be a site for potent steroidal modulation of complex behavior. However, the mechanisms of such "bottom-up" regulation of behavioral outflow are largely unclear. To study this problem, we examined how androgenic sex hormones act through the skeletal muscular system to mediate elaborate courtship acrobatics in a tropical bird called the golden-collared manakin...
November 1, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935582/3%C3%AE-hsd-expression-in-the-cns-of-a-manakin-and-finch
#20
Joy Eaton, Devaleena S Pradhan, Julia Barske, Leonida Fusani, Virginie Canoine, Barney A Schlinger
The prohormone, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) circulates in vertebrate blood with the potential for actions on target tissues including the central nervous system (CNS). Many actions of DHEA require its conversion into more active products, some of which are catalyzed by the enzyme 3β-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase/isomerase (3β-HSD). Studies of birds show both expression and activity of 3β-HSD in brain and its importance in regulating social behavior. In oscine songbirds, 3β-HSD is expressed at reasonably high levels in brain, possibly linked to their complex neural circuitry controlling song...
January 15, 2018: General and Comparative Endocrinology
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