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Simon A Moss, Melanie Irons, Martin Boland
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Lecturers often present entertaining videos, or organize a variety of amusing demonstrations, to foster student engagement or to encourage critical analysis. Magic tricks, in particular, have been shown to activate neural circuits that underpin motivation or problem-solving and, therefore, could be beneficial during lectures. Nevertheless, we hypothesize that, unless the method that underpins these tricks is revealed, students may ruminate over possible explanations, distracting attention from the lecture material...
October 18, 2016: British Journal of Educational Psychology
Gary Tse, Bryan P Yan
Sudden cardiac death, frequently due to ventricular arrhythmias, is a significant problem globally. Most affected individuals do not arrive at hospital in time for medical treatment. Therefore, there is an urgent need to identify the most-at-risk patients for insertion of prophylactic implantable cardioverter defibrillators. Clinical risk markers derived from electrocardiography are important for this purpose. They can be based on repolarization, including corrected QT (QTc) interval, QT dispersion (QTD), interval from the peak to the end of the T-wave (Tpeak - Tend), (Tpeak - Tend)/QT, T-wave alternans (TWA), and microvolt TWA...
October 4, 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Almut Ellinor Schlaich, Raymond H G Klaassen, Willem Bouten, Vincent Bretagnolle, Ben Johannes Koks, Alexandre Villers, Christiaan Both
Hundreds of millions of Afro-Palaearctic migrants winter in the Sahel, a semi-arid belt south of the Sahara desert, where they experience deteriorating ecological conditions during their overwintering stay and have to prepare for spring migration when conditions are worst. This well-known phenomenon was first described by R.E. Moreau and is known ever since as Moreau's Paradox. However, empirical evidence of the deteriorating seasonal ecological conditions is limited and little is known on how birds respond...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Animal Ecology
Annalee Yassi, Jennifer Beth Spiegel, Karen Lockhart, Lynn Fels, Katherine Boydell, Judith Marcuse
Academics from diverse disciplines are recognizing not only the procedural ethical issues involved in research, but also the complexity of everyday "micro" ethical issues that arise. While ethical guidelines are being developed for research in aboriginal populations and low-and-middle-income countries, multi-partnered research initiatives examining arts-based interventions to promote social change pose a unique set of ethical dilemmas not yet fully explored. Our research team, comprising health, education, and social scientists, critical theorists, artists and community-activists launched a five-year research partnership on arts-for-social change...
2016: Journal of Academic Ethics
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 13, 2016: Veterinary Record
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 23, 2016: Veterinary Record
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 25, 2016: Veterinary Record
(no author information available yet)
JUNE JOLLY, who has died at the age of 87, was an influential nurse and author who helped transform the care of children in hospital. She overturned the tradition that excluded parents from their child's bedside. She also, famously, brought a baby elephant and a lion cub into St Thomas' Hospital to delight children and, as nursing officer in paediatrics at the Brook Hospital in Woolwich, London, persuaded a circus to entertain on site - dressing as a clown herself.
May 9, 2016: Nursing Children and Young People
Moniek J C van Hoppe, Mary A V Dy, Marion van den Einden, Arati Iyengar
The hen harrier (Circus cyaneus) is a bird of prey which is heavily persecuted in the UK because it preys on the game bird red grouse (Lagopus lagopus scoticus). To help investigations into illegal killings of hen harrier, a STR multiplex kit containing eight short tandem repeat (STR) markers and a chromohelicase DNA binding protein 1 (CHD 1) sexing marker was developed. The multiplex kit was tested for species specificity, sensitivity, robustness, precision, accuracy and stability. Full profiles were obtained with as little as 0...
May 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
Zhi-Hao Mu, Zhen Jiang, Xiao-Jie Lin, Li-Ping Wang, Yan Xi, Zhi-Jun Zhang, Yong-Ting Wang, Guo-Yuan Yang
OBJECTIVES: Dynamically observe cerebral vascular changes in hyperglycemic rats in vivo and explore the effect of diabetes on endothelial function after ischemic stroke. BACKGROUND: Diabetes affects both large and small vessels in the brain, but the dynamic process and mechanism are unclear. METHODS: We investigated the structural and functional changes of brain vasculature in living hyperglycemic rats and their impact on stroke outcomes via a novel technique: synchrotron radiation angiography...
April 2016: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
Laurent Monassier, Estelle Ayme-Dietrich, Gaëlle Aubertin-Kirch, Atul Pathak
The mitochondrial permeability transition (mPTP) is a key feature of cardiac cell death in ischaemia-reperfusion injury (I/R). The mPTP blocker, cyclosporine A (CsA), has been shown to give protection against reperfusion-induced myocardial necrosis and troubles generated by acute coronary artery repermeabilization. Nevertheless, the results of the CIRCUS trial (Does Cyclosporine Improve Clinical Outcome in ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction Patients) seem to go against this hypothesis. Pharmacological reasons linked to CsA pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics could be suggested...
April 2016: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
Adele Diamond
Schools are curtailing programs in arts, physical exercise, and play so more time and resources can be devoted to academic instruction. Yet indications are that the arts (e.g., music, dance, or theatre) and physical activity (e.g., sports, martial arts, or youth circus) are crucial for all aspects of children's development - including success in school. Thus in cutting those activities, schools may be impeding academic success, not aiding it. Correlational and retrospective studies have laid the groundwork, as have moving personal accounts, case studies, and theoretical arguments...
2015: Research in Human Development
Jing Liu, Valentina Pedoia, Ursula Heilmeier, Eric Ku, Favian Su, Sameer Khanna, John Imboden, Jonathan Graf, Thomas Link, Xiaojuan Li
This study is to evaluate highly accelerated three-dimensional (3D) dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) wrist MRI for assessment of perfusion in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. A pseudo-random variable-density undersampling strategy, circular Cartesian undersampling (CIRCUS), was combined with k-t SPARSE-SENSE reconstruction to achieve a highly accelerated 3D DCE wrist MRI. Two healthy volunteers and 10 RA patients were studied. Two patients were on methotrexate (MTX) only (Group I) and the other eight were treated with a combination therapy of MTX and anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapy (Group II)...
January 2016: NMR in Biomedicine
Martin Aguilar, Stanley Nattel
George Mines was a pioneering physiologist who, despite an extremely short period of professional activity and only primitive experimental methodology, succeeded in formulating concepts that continue to be of great influence today. Here, we review some of his most important discoveries and their impact on contemporary concepts and clinical practice. Mines' greatest contribution was his conceptualization and characterization of circus movement reentry. His observations and ideas about the basis for cardiac reentrant activity underlie how we understand and manage a wide range of important clinical rhythm disturbances today...
May 1, 2016: Journal of Physiology
Lester C Loschky, Adam M Larson, Joseph P Magliano, Tim J Smith
What is the relationship between film viewers' eye movements and their film comprehension? Typical Hollywood movies induce strong attentional synchrony-most viewers look at the same things at the same time. Thus, we asked whether film viewers' eye movements would differ based on their understanding-the mental model hypothesis-or whether any such differences would be overwhelmed by viewers' attentional synchrony-the tyranny of film hypothesis. To investigate this question, we manipulated the presence/absence of prior film context and measured resulting differences in film comprehension and eye movements...
2015: PloS One
Mark Nepo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
Roberto Latini, Lidia Staszewsky, Filippo Ottani
Reperfusion of an occluded coronary artery is the most effective intervention in reducing cardiac injury which occurs as a consequence of an acute myocardial infarction. However, reperfusion per se may exacerbate the extent of myocardial injury which started at the onset of ischemia, thus leading to the so-called "reperfusion injury". The published studies in the last few years provide new hopes on the mitochondrion and its role in ischemia/reperfusion injury, through the modulation of the mitochondrial permeability pore...
October 2015: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Ethan Collin Cicero, Beth Perry Black
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
Gerd Heusch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2015: Cardiovascular Research
Thien-Tri Cung, Olivier Morel, Guillaume Cayla, Gilles Rioufol, David Garcia-Dorado, Denis Angoulvant, Eric Bonnefoy-Cudraz, Patrice Guérin, Meier Elbaz, Nicolas Delarche, Pierre Coste, Gerald Vanzetto, Marc Metge, Jean-François Aupetit, Bernard Jouve, Pascal Motreff, Christophe Tron, Jean-Noel Labeque, Philippe Gabriel Steg, Yves Cottin, Grégoire Range, Jérome Clerc, Marc J Claeys, Patrick Coussement, Fabrice Prunier, Frédéric Moulin, Olivier Roth, Loïc Belle, Philippe Dubois, Paul Barragan, Martine Gilard, Christophe Piot, Patrice Colin, Fabien De Poli, Marie-Claude Morice, Omar Ider, Jean-Luc Dubois-Randé, Thierry Unterseeh, Hervé Le Breton, Thierry Béard, Didier Blanchard, Gilles Grollier, Vincent Malquarti, Patrick Staat, Arnaud Sudre, Eskil Elmer, Magnus J Hansson, Cyrille Bergerot, Inesse Boussaha, Claire Jossan, Geneviève Derumeaux, Nathan Mewton, Michel Ovize
BACKGROUND: Experimental and clinical evidence suggests that cyclosporine may attenuate reperfusion injury and reduce myocardial infarct size. We aimed to test whether cyclosporine would improve clinical outcomes and prevent adverse left ventricular remodeling. METHODS: In a multicenter, double-blind, randomized trial, we assigned 970 patients with an acute anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who were undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) within 12 hours after symptom onset and who had complete occlusion of the culprit coronary artery to receive a bolus injection of cyclosporine (administered intravenously at a dose of 2...
September 10, 2015: New England Journal of Medicine
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