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Roman Podolec, Roman Ulm
Plants have evolved specific photoreceptors that capture informational cues from sunlight. The phytochrome, cryptochrome, and UVR8 photoreceptors perceive red/far-red, blue/UV-A, and UV-B light, respectively, and control overlapping photomorphogenic responses important for plant growth and development. A major repressor of such photomorphogenic responses is the E3 ubiquitin ligase formed by CONSTITUTIVELY PHOTOMORPHOGENIC 1 (COP1) and SUPPRESSOR OF PHYA-105 (SPA) proteins, which acts by regulating the stability of photomorphogenesis-promoting transcription factors...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
Qiqi Yan, Lixiang Wang, Xia Li
Brassinosteroids (BRs) play an essential role in plant growth, and BRI1-EMS suppressor 1 (BES1)/brassinazole-resistant 1 (BZR1) family transcription factors integrate a variety of plant signaling pathways. Despite the fact that BRs inhibit nodulation in leguminous plants, how BRs modulate rhizobia-host interactions and nodule morphogenesis is unknown. Here, we show that GmBEHL1, a soybean homolog of Arabidopsis BES1/BZR1 homolog 1 (BEH1), is an interacting partner of Nodule Number Control 1, a transcriptional repressor that mediates soybean nodulation...
May 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Mohammad Youneszadeh-Fashalami, Amir Parviz Salati, Saeed Keyvanshokooh
One of the challenges of sturgeon aquaculture is that sturgeon takes an extended amount of time to reach sexual maturity. The pattern of the protein expression in relation to the late maturity of sturgeon can help to better understand changes in sexual maturity. 17β-estradiol (E2), testosterone (T) and vitellogenin (Vtg) levels were examined at all stages of sexual maturation in Sterlet sturgeon (Acipenser ruthenus). Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry analysis were used to show the pattern of the ovarian proteins...
May 2, 2018: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part D, Genomics & Proteomics
Marie K Schwinn, Trish Hoang, Xiaofeng Yang, Xiansi Zhao, Jingya Ma, Ping Li, Keith V Wood, William D Mallender, Michael E Bembenek, Zhong-Hua Yan
Neddylation is a posttranslational modification that regulates protein stability, activity, and subcellular localization. Here, we describe a new tool for exploring the neddylation cycle of cullin1 (Cul1) directly in a cellular context. This assay utilizes the NanoLuc® Binary Technology (NanoBiT) to monitor the covalent neddylation status of Cul1. A stable clonal cell line derived from HEK293 was developed that expressed a C-terminus LgBiT tagged-Cul1 and N-terminus SmBiT tagged-Nedd8. Using this cell line, we screened inhibitors that are known to disrupt Nedd8 biology and demonstrated that both inhibitors of Nedd8-activating enzyme (NAE) and Constitutive photomorphogenesis 9 signalosome (CSN) complex produce concentration and time dependent signal decreases and increases, respectively...
May 4, 2018: Analytical Biochemistry
Junling Huai, Xinyu Zhang, Jialong Li, Tingting Ma, Ping Zha, Yanjun Jing, Rongcheng Lin
Plants continuously monitor environmental conditions (such as light and temperature) and adjust their growth and development accordingly. The transcription factor PHYTOCHROME-INTERACTING FACTOR4 (PIF4) regulates both light and temperature signaling pathways. Here, we identified ENHANCED PHOTOMORPHOGENIC2 (EPP2) as a new repressor of photomorphogenesis in red, far-red, and blue light. Map-based cloning revealed that EPP2 encodes the SEUSS (SEU) transcription regulator. The C-terminus of SEU has transcriptional activation activity and SEU physically interacts with PIF4...
May 2, 2018: Molecular Plant
Shitao Luo, Fengming Zhang, Yingfei Ruan, Jie Li, Zheng Zhang, Yan Sun, Shixiong Deng, Rui Peng
Photomorphogenesis and heat shock are critical biological processes of plants. A recent research constructed the transcriptional regulatory networks (TRNs) of Arabidopsis thaliana during these processes using DNase-seq. In this study, by strong decomposition, we revealed that each of these TRNs can be represented as a similar bowtie structure with only one non-trivial and distinct strong component. We further identified distinct patterns of variation of a few light-related genes in these bowtie structures during photomorphogenesis...
April 28, 2018: Bio Systems
Christophe Gaillochet, Suraj Jamge, Froukje van der Wal, Gerco Angenent, Richard Immink, Jan U Lohmann
During the plant life cycle, diverse signalling inputs are continuously integrated and engage specific genetic programs depending on the cellular or developmental context. Consistent with an important role in this process, HECATE (HEC) bHLH transcription factors display diverse functions, from photomorphogenesis to the control of shoot meristem dynamics and gynoecium patterning. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying their functional versatility and the deployment of specific HEC sub-programs still remain elusive...
April 18, 2018: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Huai-Ju Chen, Tsu-Yu Fu, Shao-Li Yang, Hsu-Liang Hsieh
Plant development is affected by the integration of light and phytohormones, including jasmonates (JAs). To address the molecular mechanisms of possible interactions between blue light and JA signaling in Arabidopsis thaliana, we used molecular and transgenic approaches to understand the regulatory relationships between FAR-RED INSENSITIVE 219 (FIN219)/JASMONATE RESISTANT1 (JAR1) and the blue-light photoreceptor cryptochrome1 (CRY1). FIN219 overexpression in the wild type resulted in a short-hypocotyl phenotype under blue light...
March 21, 2018: PLoS Genetics
Abhishek Kumar, Anamika Singh, Madhusmita Panigrahy, Pratap Kumar Sahoo, Kishore C S Panigrahi
Inclusion of carbon nanoparticles in growth medium accelerates timing to flower by down-regulating phytochrome B in a CONSTANS-independent but photoperiod-dependent manner in Arabidopsis thaliana. Despite the recognized importance of nanoparticles in plant development over the last decade, the effect of carbon nanoparticles (CNPs) on plant processes such as photomorphogenesis and flowering time control is poorly understood. We explored the uptake, accumulation and effect of CNPs on seedling development and flowering time control in Arabidopsis thaliana (At)...
March 14, 2018: Plant Cell Reports
Zhenfei Sun, Min Li, Ying Zhou, Tongtong Guo, Yin Liu, Hui Zhang, Yuda Fang
Light and microRNAs (miRNAs) are key external and internal signals for plant development, respectively. However, the relationship between the light signaling and miRNA biogenesis pathways remains unknown. Here we found that miRNA processer proteins DCL1 and HYL1 interact with a basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factor, phytochrome-interacting factor 4 (PIF4), which mediates the destabilization of DCL1 during dark-to-red-light transition. PIF4 acts as a transcription factor for some miRNA genes and is necessary for the proper accumulation of miRNAs...
March 9, 2018: PLoS Genetics
Gah-Hyun Lim, Timothy Hoey, Shifeng Zhu, Marion Clavel, Keshun Yu, Duroy Navarre, Aardra Kachroo, Jean-Marc Deragon, Pradeep Kachroo
The E3 ubiquitin ligase COP1 (Constitutive Photomorphogenesis 1) is a well known component of the light-mediated plant development that acts as a repressor of photomorphogenesis. Here we show that COP1 positively regulates defense against turnip crinkle virus (TCV) and avrRPM1 bacteria by contributing to stability of resistance (R) protein HRT and RPM1, respectively. HRT and RPM1 levels and thereby pathogen resistance is significantly reduced in the cop1 mutant background. Notably, the levels of at least two double-stranded RNA binding (DRB) proteins DRB1 and DRB4 are reduced in the cop1 mutant background suggesting that COP1 affects HRT stability via its effect on the DRB proteins...
March 2018: PLoS Pathogens
Lisa Hartmann, Theresa Wießner, Andreas Wachter
Alternative splicing (AS) is prevalent in higher eukaryotes, and generation of different AS variants is tightly regulated. Widespread AS occurs in response to altered light conditions and plays a critical role in seedling photomorphogenesis, but despite its frequency and effect on plant development, the functional role of AS remains unknown for most splicing variants. Here, we characterized the light-dependent AS variants of the gene encoding the splicing regulator Ser/Arg-rich protein SR30 in Arabidopsis ( Arabidopsis thaliana )...
April 2018: Plant Physiology
Nikhil Job, Premachandran Yadukrishnan, Katharina Bursch, Sourav Datta, Henrik Johansson
The Arabidopsis ( Arabidopsis thaliana ) BBX family comprises several positive and negative regulators of photomorphogenesis. BBX24, a member of BBX structural group IV, acts as a negative regulator of photomorphogenesis, whereas another member from the same group, BBX21, is a positive regulator. The molecular basis for the functional diversity shown by these related BBX family members is unknown. Using domain-swap lines, we show that the C-terminal regions of BBX24 and BBX21 specify their function. Because both BBX21 and BBX24 work in close association with HY5, we hypothesized that these proteins differentially regulate the levels or activity of HY5 to fulfill their opposite roles...
April 2018: Plant Physiology
Maria Celeste Dias, Diana C G A Pinto, Carlos Correia, José Moutinho-Pereira, Helena Oliveira, Helena Freitas, Artur M S Silva, Conceição Santos
Ultraviolet-B (UV-B) radiation plays an important role in plant photomorphogenesis. Whilst the morpho-functional disorders induced by excessive UV irradiation are well-known, it remains unclear how this irradiation modulates the metabolome, and which metabolic shifts improve plants' tolerance to UV-B. In this study, we use an important Mediterranean crop, Olea europaea, to decipher the impacts of enhanced UV-B radiation on the physiological performance and lipophilic metabolite profile. Young olive plants (cv...
March 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
Tong Liang, Shenglin Mei, Chen Shi, Yu Yang, Yao Peng, Libang Ma, Fei Wang, Xu Li, Xi Huang, Yanhai Yin, Hongtao Liu
UV-B light (UV-B radiation) is known to inhibit plant growth, but the mechanism is not well understood. UVR8 (UV RESISTANCE LOCUS 8) is a UV-B light photoreceptor that mediates UV-B light responses in plants. We report here that UV-B inhibits plant growth by repressing plant steroid hormone brassinosteroid (BR)-promoted plant growth. UVR8 physically interacts with the functional dephosphorylated BES1 (BRI1-EMS-SUPPRESSOR1) and BIM1 (BES1-INTERACTING MYC-LIKE 1) transcription factors that mediate BR-regulated gene expression and plant growth to inhibit their activities...
February 26, 2018: Developmental Cell
Yu Yang, Tong Liang, Libo Zhang, Kai Shao, Xingxing Gu, Ruixin Shang, Nan Shi, Xu Li, Peng Zhang, Hongtao Liu
UV RESISTANCE LOCUS 8 (UVR8) is an ultraviolet-B (UVB) radiation photoreceptor that mediates light responses in plants. How plant UVR8 acts in response to UVB light is not well understood. Here, we report the identification and characterization of the Arabidopsis WRKY DNA-BINDING PROTEIN 36 (WRKY36) protein. WRKY36 interacts with UVR8 in yeast and Arabidopsis cells and it promotes hypocotyl elongation by inhibiting HY5 transcription. Inhibition of hypocotyl elongation under UVB requires the inhibition of WRKY36...
February 2018: Nature Plants
(no author information available yet)
First Person is a series of interviews with the first authors of a selection of papers published in Journal of Cell Science, helping early-career researchers promote themselves alongside their papers. Magdalena Woloszynska is the first author on 'The Elongator complex regulates hypocotyl growth in darkness and during photomorphogenesis', published in Journal of Cell Science. While completing this work, Magdalena was a postdoctoral fellow in the Chromatin and Growth Control group at the VIB-UGent Center for Plant Systems Biology at Ghent University, Belgium...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Cell Science
Magdalena Woloszynska, Olimpia Gagliardi, Filip Vandenbussche, Mieke Van Lijsebettens
The Elongator complex interacts with RNA polymerase II and via histone acetylation and DNA demethylation facilitates epigenetically the transcription of genes involved in diverse processes in plants, including growth, development, and immune response. Recently, we have shown that the Elongator complex promotes hypocotyl elongation and photomorphogenesis in Arabidopsis thaliana by regulating the photomorphogenesis and growth-related gene network that converges on genes implicated in cell wall biogenesis and hormone signaling...
January 2, 2018: Plant Signaling & Behavior
Binish Mohammed, Sara Farahi Bilooei, Róbert Dóczi, Elliot Grove, Saana Railo, Klaus Palme, Franck Anicet Ditengou, László Bögre, Enrique López-Juez
The development of leaf primordia is subject to light control of meristematic activity. Light regulates the expression of thousands of genes with roles in cell proliferation, organ development, and differentiation of photosynthetic cells. Previous work has highlighted roles for hormone homeostasis and the energy-dependent Target of Rapamycin (TOR) kinase in meristematic activity, yet a picture of how these two regulatory mechanisms depend on light perception and interact with each other has yet to emerge. Their relevance beyond leaf initiation also is unclear...
February 2018: Plant Physiology
Tim Jiang, Edward Saehong Oh, Diana Bonea, Rongmin Zhao
Arabidopsis plastidic HSP90C is an HSP90 family molecular chaperone that is required for chloroplast development and function. To understand the mechanism of action of HSP90C within the chloroplast, we conducted a yeast two-hybrid screening and revealed it interacts directly with the photosystem II extrinsic protein PsbO1, which performs a canonical function in the thylakoid lumen. To understand the biological significance of HSP90C-PsbO1 interaction, we investigated the role of HSP90C in modulating the stromal and thylakoid distribution of PsbO1GFP fusion protein...
2017: PloS One
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