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Photomorphogenesis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207924/seed-specific-transcription-factor-hsfa9-links-late-embryogenesis-and-early-photomorphogenesis
#1
Pilar Prieto-Dapena, Concepción Almoguera, José-María Personat, Francisco Merchan, Juan Jordano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183154/photomorphogenic-responses-to-ultraviolet-b-light
#2
REVIEW
Gareth I Jenkins
Exposure to UV-B light regulates numerous aspects of plant metabolism, morphology and physiology through the differential expression of hundreds of genes. Photomorphogenic responses to UV-B are mediated by the photoreceptor UV RESISTANCE LOCUS8 (UVR8). Considerable progress has been made in understanding UVR8 action: the structural basis of photoreceptor function, how interaction with CONSTITUTIVELY PHOTOMORPHOGENIC 1 (COP1) initiates signaling and how REPRESSOR OF UV-B PHOTOMORPHOGENESIS (RUP) proteins negatively regulate UVR8 action...
February 9, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123107/characterization-of-phytochrome-interacting-factors-from-the-moss-physcomitrella-patens-illustrates-conservation-of-phytochrome-signaling-modules-in-land-plants
#3
Anja Possart, Tengfei Xu, Inyup Paik, Sebastian Hanke, Sarah Keim, Helen-Maria Hermann, Luise Wolf, Manuel Hiss, Claude Becker, Enamul Huq, Stefan A Rensing, Andreas Hiltbrunner
Across the plant kingdom, phytochrome (PHY) photoreceptors play an important role during adaptive and developmental responses to light. In Arabidopsis thaliana, light-activated PHYs accumulate in the nucleus, where they regulate downstream signaling components, such as phytochrome interacting factors (PIFs). PIFs are transcription factors that act as repressors of photomorphogenesis; their inhibition by PHYs leads to substantial changes in gene expression. The nuclear function of PHYs, however, has so far been investigated in only a few non-seed plants...
January 25, 2017: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076780/det1-and-hy5-control-pif4-mediated-thermosensory-elongation-growth-through-distinct-mechanisms
#4
Sreeramaiah N Gangappa, S Vinod Kumar
Plant growth and development are defined by environmental cues. The transcription factor PHYTOCHROME INTERACTING FACTOR 4 (PIF4) is the central signaling hub that integrates environmental cues, including light and temperature, to regulate growth and development. The thermosensory mechanisms controlling the PIF4-mediated temperature response, and its integration with other environmental responses, remain poorly understood. DE-ETIOLATED 1 (DET1) and CONSTITUTIVE PHOTOMORPHOGENESIS 1 (COP1), key regulators of light signaling, have been proposed to control thermosensory growth by transcriptional regulation of PIF4, through ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL 5 (HY5)...
January 10, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073698/ectopic-expression-of-an-apple-cytochrome-p450-gene-mdcypm1-negatively-regulates-plant-photomorphogenesis-and-stress-response-in-arabidopsis
#5
Jian-Ping An, Rui Li, Feng-Jia Qu, Chun-Xiang You, Xiao-Fei Wang, Yu-Jin Hao
Cytochrome P450s play an important role in plant growth and are involved in multiple stresses response. However, little is known about the functions of cytochrome P450s in apple. Here, a Malus × domestica cytochrome P450 monooxygenase 1 gene, MdCYPM1, was identified and subsequently cloned from apple 'Gala' (Malus × domestica). To verify the functions of MdCYPM1, we generated transgenic Arabidopsis plants expressing the apple MdCYPM1 gene under the control of the Cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter...
January 29, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011868/chemical-induced-inhibition-of-blue-light-mediated-seedling-development-caused-by-disruption-of-upstream-signal-transduction-involving-cryptochromes-in-arabidopsis-thaliana
#6
Wen-Dee Ong, Emiko Okubo-Kurihara, Yukio Kurihara, Setsuko Shimada, Yuko Makita, Mika Kawashima, Kaori Honda, Yasumitsu Kondoh, Nobumoto Watanabe, Hiroyuki Osada, Sean R Cutler, Kumar Sudesh, Minami Matsui
Plants have a remarkable ability to perceive and respond to various wavelengths of light and initiate regulation of different cascades of light signaling and molecular components. While the perception of red light and the mechanisms of its signaling involving phytochromes are largely known, knowledge of the mechanisms of blue light signaling is still limited. Chemical genetics involves the use of diverse small active or synthetic molecules to evaluate biological processes. By combining chemicals and analyzing the effects they have on plant morphology, we identified a chemical, 3-bromo-7-nitroindazole (3B7N), that promotes hypocotyl elongation of wild-type Arabidopsis only under continuous blue light...
December 22, 2016: Plant & Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010046/development-of-transgenic-crops-based-on-photo-biotechnology
#7
REVIEW
Markkandan Ganesan, Hyo-Yeon Lee, Jeong-Il Kim, Pill-Soon Song
The phenotypes associated with plant photomorphogenesis such as the suppressed shade avoidance response and de-etiolation offer the potential for significant enhancement of crop yields. Of many light signal transducers and transcription factors involved in the photomorphogenic responses of plants, this review focuses on the transgenic overexpression of the photoreceptor genes at the uppermost stream of the signaling events, particularly phytochromes, crytochromes and phototropins as the transgenes for the genetic engineering of crops with improved harvest yields...
December 23, 2016: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997837/photomorphogenesis-plants-feel-blue-in-the-shade
#8
Keara A Franklin
Plants integrate multiple environmental signals to detect and avoid shading from neighbouring vegetation. Two new studies highlight the importance of blue light in the regulation of stem elongation and bending during shade escape.
December 19, 2016: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956583/metabolic-signaling-regulates-alternative-splicing-during-photomorphogenesis
#9
EDITORIAL
Kathleen L Farquharson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909441/apple-f-box-protein-mdmax2-regulates-plant-photomorphogenesis-and-stress-response
#10
Jian-Ping An, Rui Li, Feng-Jia Qu, Chun-Xiang You, Xiao-Fei Wang, Yu-Jin Hao
MAX2 (MORE AXILLARY GROWTH2) is involved in diverse physiological processes, including photomorphogenesis, the abiotic stress response, as well as karrikin and strigolactone signaling-mediated shoot branching. In this study, MdMAX2, an F-box protein that is a homolog of Arabidopsis MAX2, was identified and characterized. Overexpression of MdMAX2 in apple calli enhanced the accumulation of anthocyanin. Ectopic expression of MdMAX2 in Arabidopsis exhibited photomorphogenesis phenotypes, including increased anthocyanin content and decreased hypocotyl length...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890635/hos1-facilitates-the-phytochrome-b-mediated-inhibition-of-pif4-function-during-hypocotyl-growth-in-arabidopsis
#11
Ju-Heon Kim, Hyo-Jun Lee, Jae-Hoon Jung, Sangmin Lee, Chung-Mo Park
Upon exposure to light, developing seedlings undergo photomorphogenesis, as illustrated by inhibition of hypocotyl elongation, cotyledon opening, and leaf greening. During hypocotyl photomorphogenesis, light signals are sensed by multiple photoreceptors, among which the red/far-red light-sensing phytochromes have been extensively studied. However, it is not fully understood how the phytochromes modulate hypocotyl growth. Here, we demonstrated that HIGH EXPRESSION OF OSMOTICALLY RESPONSIVE GENES 1 (HOS1), which is known to either act as E3 ubiquitin ligase or affect chromatin organization, inhibits the transcriptional activation activity of PHYTOCHROME INTERACTING FACTOR 4 (PIF4), a key transcription factor that promotes hypocotyl growth...
November 25, 2016: Molecular Plant
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876642/arabidopsis-nf-ycs-mediate-the-light-controlled-hypocotyl-elongation-via-modulating-histone-acetylation
#12
Yang Tang, Xuncheng Liu, Xu Liu, Yuge Li, Keqiang Wu, Xingliang Hou
Light is a crucial environmental signal that promotes photomorphogenesis, the developmental process with a series of light-dependent alterations for plants to adapt various external challenges. Chromatin modification has been proposed to be involved in such light-mediated growth, but the underlying mechanism is still elusive. In this study, we identified four Arabidopsis thaliana Nuclear Factor-YC homologs, NF-YC1, NF-YC3, NF-YC4, and NF-YC9 (NF-YCs), which function redundantly as repressors of light-controlled hypocotyl elongation via histone deacetylation...
November 19, 2016: Molecular Plant
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869306/roles-of-multifunctional-cop9-signalosome-complex-in-cell-fate-and-implications-for-drug-discovery
#13
REVIEW
Ping Li, Longxiang Xie, Yinzhong Gu, Jiang Li, Jianping Xie
The eight subunits containing COP9 signalosome (CSN) complex, is highly conserved among eukaryotes. CSN, identified as a negative regulator of photomorphogenesis, has also been demonstrated to be important in proteolysis, cellular signal transduction and cell cycle regulation in various eukaryotic organisms. This review mainly summarizes the roles of CSN in cell cycle regulation, signal transduction and apoptosis, and its potential as diagnostic biomarkers, drug targets for cancer and infectious diseases. This article is protected by copyright...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861972/cryptochromes-orchestrate-transcription-regulation-of-diverse-blue-light-responses-in-plants
#14
REVIEW
Zhaohe Yang, Bobin Liu, Jun Su, Jiakai Liao, Chentao Lin, Yoshito Oka
Blue light affects many aspects of plant growth and development throughout the plant lifecycle. Plant cryptochromes (CRYs) are UV-A/blue light photoreceptors that play pivotal roles in regulating blue light-mediated physiological responses via the regulated expression of more than one thousand genes. Photoactivated CRYs regulate transcription via two distinct mechanisms: indirect promotion of the activity of transcription factors by inactivation of the COP1/SPA E3 ligase complex or direct activation or inactivation of at least two sets of basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor families by physical interaction...
November 12, 2016: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858514/involvement-of-sth7-in-light-adapted-development-in-arabidopsis-thaliana-promoted-by-both-strigolactone-and-karrikin
#15
Jutiporn Thussagunpanit, Yuko Nagai, Miyu Nagae, Kiyoshi Mashiguchi, Nobutaka Mitsuda, Masaru Ohme-Takagi, Takeshi Nakano, Hidemitsu Nakamura, Tadao Asami
Strigolactones (SLs) and karrikins (KARs) regulate photomorphogenesis. GR24, a synthetic SL and KAR1, a KAR, inhibit the hypocotyl elongation of Arabidopsis thaliana in a weak light. GR24 and KAR1 up-regulate the expression of STH7, encoding a transcription factor belonging to the double B-box zinc finger subfamily. In this study, we used STH7-overexpressing (STH7ox) lines and functionally defective STH7 (STH7-SRDX) mutants to investigate roles of SLs and KARs in photomorphogenesis of Arabidopsis. Hypocotyl elongation of STH7-SRDX mutants was less sensitive to both GR24 and KAR1 treatment than that of wild-type Arabidopsis under weak light conditions...
February 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813089/light-behind-the-curtain-photoregulation-of-nuclear-architecture-and-chromatin-dynamics-in-plants
#16
Giorgio Perrella, Eirini Kaiserli
Light is a powerful stimulus regulating many aspects of plant development and phenotypic plasticity. Plants sense light through the action of specialized photoreceptor protein families that absorb different wavelengths and intensities of light. Recent discoveries in the area of photobiology have uncovered photoreversible changes in nuclear organization correlated with transcriptional regulation patterns that lead to de-etiolation and photoacclimation. Novel signalling components bridging photoreceptor activation with chromatin remodelling and regulation of gene expression have been discovered...
December 2016: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803310/alternative-splicing-substantially-diversifies-the-transcriptome-during-early-photomorphogenesis-and-correlates-with-the-energy-availability-in-arabidopsis
#17
Lisa Hartmann, Philipp Drewe-Boß, Theresa Wießner, Gabriele Wagner, Sascha Geue, Hsin-Chieh Lee, Dominik M Obermüller, André Kahles, Jonas Behr, Fabian H Sinz, Gunnar Rätsch, Andreas Wachter
Plants use light as source of energy and information to detect diurnal rhythms and seasonal changes. Sensing changing light conditions is critical to adjust plant metabolism and to initiate developmental transitions. Here, we analyzed transcriptome-wide alterations in gene expression and alternative splicing (AS) of etiolated seedlings undergoing photomorphogenesis upon exposure to blue, red, or white light. Our analysis revealed massive transcriptome reprogramming as reflected by differential expression of ∼20% of all genes and changes in several hundred AS events...
November 2016: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803284/stem-piped-light-activates-phytochrome-b-to-trigger-light-responses-in-arabidopsis-thaliana-roots
#18
Hyo-Jun Lee, Jun-Ho Ha, Sang-Gyu Kim, Han-Kyu Choi, Zee Hwan Kim, Yun-Jeong Han, Jeong-Il Kim, Youngjoo Oh, Variluska Fragoso, Kwangsoo Shin, Taeghwan Hyeon, Hong-Gu Choi, Kyung-Hwan Oh, Ian T Baldwin, Chung-Mo Park
The roles of photoreceptors and their associated signaling mechanisms have been extensively studied in plant photomorphogenesis with a major focus on the photoresponses of the shoot system. Accumulating evidence indicates that light also influences root growth and development through the light-induced release of signaling molecules that travel from the shoot to the root. We explored whether aboveground light directly influences the root system of Arabidopsis thaliana Light was efficiently conducted through the stems to the roots, where photoactivated phytochrome B (phyB) triggered expression of ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL 5 (HY5) and accumulation of HY5 protein, a transcription factor that promotes root growth in response to light...
November 1, 2016: Science Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748879/quercetin-induced-apoptosis-of-ht-29%C3%A2-colon-cancer-cells-via-inhibition-of-the-akt-csn6-myc-signaling-axis
#19
Lin Yang, Yanqing Liu, Mei Wang, Yayun Qian, Xiaoyun Dong, Hao Gu, Haibo Wang, Shiyu Guo, Tadashi Hisamitsu
Constitutive photomorphogenesis 9 signalosome (CSN) consists of a total of eight subunits (CSN1-CSN8) in mammalian cells. CSN6 may promote carcinogenesis by positively regulating v‑myc avian myelocytomatosis viral oncogene homolog (Myc) and MDM2 proto‑oncogene stability, and is regarded as a potential target for cancer therapy. Quercetin has a substantial anticancer effect on various human cancer cells. The present study investigated the effects of quercetin on HT-29 human colorectal cancer cell viability, apoptosis and cell cycle arrest using an MTT assay, flow cytometry, transmission electron microscopy and western blotting...
November 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717456/repressor-of-ultraviolet-b-photomorphogenesis-function-allows-efficient-phototropin-mediated-ultraviolet-b-phototropism-in-etiolated-seedlings
#20
Lucas Vanhaelewyn, Paolo Schumacher, Dirk Poelman, Christian Fankhauser, Dominique Van Der Straeten, Filip Vandenbussche
Ultraviolet B (UV-B) light is a part of the solar radiation which has significant effects on plant morphology, even at low doses. In Arabidopsis, many of these morphological changes have been attributed to a specific UV-B receptor, UV resistance locus 8 (UVR8). Recent findings showed that next to phototropin regulated phototropism, UVR8 mediated signaling is able of inducing directional bending towards UV-B light in etiolated seedlings of Arabidopsis, in a phototropin independent manner. In this study, kinetic analysis of phototropic bending was used to evaluate the relative contribution of each of these pathways in UV-B mediated phototropism...
November 2016: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
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