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Abhishek Kumar, Anamika Singh, Madhusmita Panigrahy, Pratap Kumar Sahoo, Kishore C S Panigrahi
Inclusion of carbon nanoparticles in growth medium accelerates timing to flower by down-regulating phytochrome B in a CONSTANS-independent but photoperiod-dependent manner in Arabidopsis thaliana. Despite the recognized importance of nanoparticles in plant development over the last decade, the effect of carbon nanoparticles (CNPs) on plant processes such as photomorphogenesis and flowering time control is poorly understood. We explored the uptake, accumulation and effect of CNPs on seedling development and flowering time control in Arabidopsis thaliana (At)...
March 14, 2018: Plant Cell Reports
Zhenfei Sun, Min Li, Ying Zhou, Tongtong Guo, Yin Liu, Hui Zhang, Yuda Fang
Light and microRNAs (miRNAs) are key external and internal signals for plant development, respectively. However, the relationship between the light signaling and miRNA biogenesis pathways remains unknown. Here we found that miRNA processer proteins DCL1 and HYL1 interact with a basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factor, phytochrome-interacting factor 4 (PIF4), which mediates the destabilization of DCL1 during dark-to-red-light transition. PIF4 acts as a transcription factor for some miRNA genes and is necessary for the proper accumulation of miRNAs...
March 9, 2018: PLoS Genetics
Gah-Hyun Lim, Timothy Hoey, Shifeng Zhu, Marion Clavel, Keshun Yu, Duroy Navarre, Aardra Kachroo, Jean-Marc Deragon, Pradeep Kachroo
The E3 ubiquitin ligase COP1 (Constitutive Photomorphogenesis 1) is a well known component of the light-mediated plant development that acts as a repressor of photomorphogenesis. Here we show that COP1 positively regulates defense against turnip crinkle virus (TCV) and avrRPM1 bacteria by contributing to stability of resistance (R) protein HRT and RPM1, respectively. HRT and RPM1 levels and thereby pathogen resistance is significantly reduced in the cop1 mutant background. Notably, the levels of at least two double-stranded RNA binding (DRB) proteins DRB1 and DRB4 are reduced in the cop1 mutant background suggesting that COP1 affects HRT stability via its effect on the DRB proteins...
March 7, 2018: PLoS Pathogens
Lisa Hartmann, Theresa Wießner, Andreas Wachter
Alternative splicing (AS) is prevalent in higher eukaryotes, and generation of different AS variants is tightly regulated. Widespread AS occurs in response to altered light conditions and plays a critical role in seedling photomorphogenesis, but despite its frequency and effect on plant development, the functional role of AS remains unknown for most splicing variants. Here, we characterized the light-dependent AS variants of the gene encoding the splicing regulator Serine/Arginine-rich protein SR30 in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana)...
March 1, 2018: Plant Physiology
Nikhil Job, Premachandran Yadukrishnan, Katharina Bursch, Sourav Datta, Henrik Johansson
The Arabidopsis BBX family comprises several positive and negative regulators of photomorphogenesis. BBX24, a member of BBX structural group IV, acts as a negative regulator of photomorphogenesis while another member from the same group, BBX21, is a positive regulator. The molecular basis for the functional diversity shown by these related BBX family members is unknown. Using domain-swap lines, we show that BBX24 can functionally act like BBX21 and vice versa, when their C-terminal regions are interchanged...
February 8, 2018: Plant Physiology
Maria Celeste Dias, Diana C G A Pinto, Carlos Correia, José Moutinho-Pereira, Helena Oliveira, Helena Freitas, Artur M S Silva, Conceição Santos
Ultraviolet-B (UV-B) radiation plays an important role in plant photomorphogenesis. Whilst the morpho-functional disorders induced by excessive UV irradiation are well-known, it remains unclear how this irradiation modulates the metabolome, and which metabolic shifts improve plants' tolerance to UV-B. In this study, we use an important Mediterranean crop, Olea europaea, to decipher the impacts of enhanced UV-B radiation on the physiological performance and lipophilic metabolite profile. Young olive plants (cv...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
Tong Liang, Shenglin Mei, Chen Shi, Yu Yang, Yao Peng, Libang Ma, Fei Wang, Xu Li, Xi Huang, Yanhai Yin, Hongtao Liu
UV-B light (UV-B radiation) is known to inhibit plant growth, but the mechanism is not well understood. UVR8 (UV RESISTANCE LOCUS 8) is a UV-B light photoreceptor that mediates UV-B light responses in plants. We report here that UV-B inhibits plant growth by repressing plant steroid hormone brassinosteroid (BR)-promoted plant growth. UVR8 physically interacts with the functional dephosphorylated BES1 (BRI1-EMS-SUPPRESSOR1) and BIM1 (BES1-INTERACTING MYC-LIKE 1) transcription factors that mediate BR-regulated gene expression and plant growth to inhibit their activities...
January 26, 2018: Developmental Cell
Yu Yang, Tong Liang, Libo Zhang, Kai Shao, Xingxing Gu, Ruixin Shang, Nan Shi, Xu Li, Peng Zhang, Hongtao Liu
UV RESISTANCE LOCUS 8 (UVR8) is an ultraviolet-B (UVB) radiation photoreceptor that mediates light responses in plants. How plant UVR8 acts in response to UVB light is not well understood. Here, we report the identification and characterization of the Arabidopsis WRKY DNA-BINDING PROTEIN 36 (WRKY36) protein. WRKY36 interacts with UVR8 in yeast and Arabidopsis cells and it promotes hypocotyl elongation by inhibiting HY5 transcription. Inhibition of hypocotyl elongation under UVB requires the inhibition of WRKY36...
February 2018: Nature Plants
(no author information available yet)
First Person is a series of interviews with the first authors of a selection of papers published in Journal of Cell Science, helping early-career researchers promote themselves alongside their papers. Magdalena Woloszynska is the first author on 'The Elongator complex regulates hypocotyl growth in darkness and during photomorphogenesis', published in Journal of Cell Science. While completing this work, Magdalena was a postdoctoral fellow in the Chromatin and Growth Control group at the VIB-UGent Center for Plant Systems Biology at Ghent University, Belgium...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Cell Science
Magdalena Wołoszyńska, Olimpia Gagliardi, Filip Vandenbussche, Mieke Van Lijsebettens
The Elongator complex interacts with RNA polymerase II and via histone acetylation and DNA demethylation facilitates epigenetically the transcription of genes involved in diverse processes in plants, including growth, development, and immune response. Recently, we have shown that the Elongator complex promotes hypocotyl elongation and photomorphogenesis in Arabidopsis thaliana by regulating the photomorphogenesis and growth-related gene network that converges on genes implicated in cell wall biogenesis and hormone signaling...
December 29, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
Binish Mohammed, Sara Farahi Bilooei, Robert Doczi, Elliot Grove, Saana Railo, Klaus Palme, Franck Anicet Ditengou, László Bögre, Enrique Lopez-Juez
The development of leaf primordia is subject to light control of meristematic activity. Light regulates the expression of thousands of genes with roles in cell proliferation, organ development and differentiation of photosynthetic cells. Previous work has highlighted roles for hormone homeostasis and the energy-dependent TOR kinase in meristematic activity, yet a picture of how these two regulatory mechanisms depend on light perception and interact with each other is yet to emerge. Their relevance beyond leaf initiation is also unclear...
December 28, 2017: Plant Physiology
Tim Jiang, Edward Saehong Oh, Diana Bonea, Rongmin Zhao
Arabidopsis plastidic HSP90C is an HSP90 family molecular chaperone that is required for chloroplast development and function. To understand the mechanism of action of HSP90C within the chloroplast, we conducted a yeast two-hybrid screening and revealed it interacts directly with the photosystem II extrinsic protein PsbO1, which performs a canonical function in the thylakoid lumen. To understand the biological significance of HSP90C-PsbO1 interaction, we investigated the role of HSP90C in modulating the stromal and thylakoid distribution of PsbO1GFP fusion protein...
2017: PloS One
Dongqing Xu, Yan Jiang, Jian Li, Magnus Holm, Xing Wang Deng
B-box containing (BBX) proteins play critical roles in a variety of cellular and developmental processes in plants. BBX21 (also known as SALT TOLERANCE HOMOLOG 2), which contains two B-box domains in tandem at the N-terminus, has been previously demonstrated as a key component involved in the COP1-HY5 signaling hub. However, the exact molecular and physiological roles of B-box domains in BBX21 are largely unclear. Here, we found that structurally disruption of the second B-box domain, but not the first one, in BBX21 completely abolishes its biological and physiological activity in conferring hyper-photomorphogenetic phenotype in Arabidopsis...
December 19, 2017: Plant Physiology
Rohit Dhakarey, Manish L Raorane, Achim Treumann, Preshobha K Peethambaran, Rachel R Schendel, Vaidurya P Sahi, Bettina Hause, Mirko Bunzel, Amelia Henry, Ajay Kohli, Michael Riemann
It is widely known that numerous adaptive responses of drought-stressed plants are stimulated by chemical messengers known as phytohormones. Jasmonic acid (JA) is one such phytohormone. But there are very few reports revealing its direct implication in drought related responses or its cross-talk with other phytohormones. In this study, we compared the morpho-physiological traits and the root proteome of a wild type (WT) rice plant with its JA biosynthesis mutant coleoptile photomorphogenesis 2 (cpm2), disrupted in the allene oxide cyclase (AOC) gene, for insights into the role of JA under drought...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
Xiaoyun Xin, Wenhao Chen, Bo Wang, Fan Zhu, Yuan Li, Hailian Yang, Jigang Li, Dongtao Ren
Photomorphogenesis is an important process in which seedlings emerge from soil and begin autotrophic growth. Mechanisms of photomorphogenesis include light signal perception, signal transduction, and the modulation of expression of light-responsive genes, ultimately leading to cellular and developmental changes. Phytochrome-interacting factors (PIFs) play negative regulatory roles in photomorphogenesis. Light-induced activation of phytochromes triggers rapid phosphorylation and degradation of PIFs, but the kinases responsible for the phosphorylation of PIFs are largely unknown...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
Lovely Mahawar, Gyan Singh Shekhawat
Haem oxygenase (HO) is a universal enzyme that catalyses stereospecific cleavage of haem to BV IX α and liberates Fe+2 ion and CO as by-product. Beside haem degradation, it has important functions in plants that include cellular defence, stomatal regulation, iron mobilization, phytochrome chromophore synthesis, and lateral root formation. Phytochromes are an extended family of photoreceptors with a molecular mass of 250 kDa and occur as a dimer made up of 2 equivalent subunits of 125 kDa each. Each subunit is made of two components: the chromophore, a light-capturing pigment molecule and the apoprotein...
March 2018: Plant, Cell & Environment
Yuqiu Wang, Jian Li, Xing-Wang Deng, Danmeng Zhu
Seedling greening is essential for the survival of plants emerging from the soil. The abundance of chlorophyll precursors, including protochlorophyllide (Pchlide), is precisely controlled during the dark-to-light transition, as over-accumulation of Pchlide can lead to cellular photooxidative damage. Previous studies have identified and characterized multiple regulators controlling this important process. HID1 (hidden treasure 1) is the first noncoding RNA (ncRNA) found in photomorphogenesis. Under continuous red light, HID1 has been shown to inhibit hypocotyl elongation by repressing the transcription of PIF3 (phytochrome interacting factor 3)...
October 13, 2017: Science China. Life Sciences
Scott A Sinclair, Camille Larue, Laura Bonk, Asif Khan, Hiram Castillo-Michel, Ricardo J Stein, Daniel Grolimund, Dominik Begerow, Ulla Neumann, Michael J Haydon, Ute Krämer
Etiolated growth in darkness or the irreversible transition to photomorphogenesis in the light engages alternative developmental programs operating across all organs of a plant seedling. Dark-grown Arabidopsis de-etiolated by zinc (dez) mutants exhibit morphological, cellular, metabolic, and transcriptional characteristics of light-grown seedlings. We identify the causal mutation in TRICHOME BIREFRINGENCE encoding a putative acyl transferase. Pectin acetylation is decreased in dez, as previously found in the reduced wall acetylation2-3 mutant, shown here to phenocopy dez...
November 20, 2017: Current Biology: CB
Tingting Zhou, Lingyang Meng, Yue Ma, Qing Liu, Yunyun Zhang, Zhenming Yang, Deguang Yang, Mingdi Bian
This work provides the bioinformatics, expression pattern and functional analyses of cryptochrome 1a from sweet sorghum (SbCRY1a), together with an exploration of the signaling mechanism mediated by SbCRY1a. Sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is considered to be an ideal candidate for biofuel production due to its high efficiency of photosynthesis and the ability to maintain yield under harsh environmental conditions. Blue light receptor cryptochromes regulate multiple aspects of plant growth and development...
November 2, 2017: Plant Cell Reports
Mohamed El-Esawi, Louis-David Arthaut, Nathalie Jourdan, Alain d'Harlingue, Justin Link, Carlos F Martino, Margaret Ahmad
Cryptochromes are evolutionarily conserved blue light receptors with many roles throughout plant growth and development. They undergo conformational changes in response to light enabling interaction with multiple downstream signaling partners. Recently, it has been shown that cryptochromes also synthesize reactive oxygen species (ROS) in response to light, suggesting the possibility of an alternate signaling mechanism. Here we show by fluorescence imaging and microscopy that H202 and ROS accumulate in the plant nucleus after cryptochrome activation...
October 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
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