keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

anti convulsants

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318511/midazolam-efficacy-against-acute-hydrogen-sulfide-induced-mortality-and-neurotoxicity
#1
Poojya Anantharam, Dong-Suk Kim, Elizabeth M Whitley, Belinda Mahama, Paula Imerman, Piyush Padhi, Wilson K Rumbeiha
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a colorless, highly neurotoxic gas. It is not only an occupational and environmental hazard but also of concern to the Department of Homeland Security for potential nefarious use. Acute high-dose H2S exposure causes death, while survivors may develop neurological sequelae. Currently, there is no suitable antidote for treatment of acute H2S-induced neurotoxicity. Midazolam (MDZ), an anti-convulsant drug recommended for treatment of nerve agent intoxications, could also be of value in treating acute H2S intoxication...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289522/effect-of-rescue-medication-on-seizure-duration-in-non-institutionalized-children-with-epilepsy
#2
Federico Vigevano, Fenella J Kirkham, Bernd Wilken, Miquel Raspall-Chaure, Regina Grebla, Dawn Lee, Tamara Werner-Kiechle, Lieven Lagae
OBJECTIVES: Characterize the real-world management of and outcomes for children with epilepsy receiving rescue medication for prolonged acute convulsive seizures (PACS) in the community. METHODS: PERFECT-3 (Practices in Emergency and Rescue medication For Epilepsy managed with Community-administered Therapy 3) was a European, retrospective observational study. Eligible patients were non-institutionalized children with epilepsy aged 3-16 years who had experienced ≥1 PACS in the past year and had ≥1 currently prescribed PACS rescue medication...
August 2, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240027/congenital-hemophilia-a-presenting-with-hashimoto-s-encephalopathy-and-myocarditis-the-first-reported-case
#3
Ayse B Ergul, Yasemin Altuner Torun, Umut Altug, Fatma T Mutlu, Serkan F Celik, Ahmet S Guven
Here, we report a case of hemophilia A with myocarditis, encephalopathy, and spontaneous intramedullary hemorrhage. A 14-month-old male infant presented with loss of consciousness, generalized tonic-clonic convulsions, and cardiac failure. The neurological examination was normal. Myocarditis was diagnosed. After administration of fresh frozen plasma, the aPTT did not return to normal. The factor VIII (FVIII) level was 10.2% the normal level, and the patient was diagnosed with hemophilia A. The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) evaluation was unremarkable, with the exception of elevated CSF protein levels...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202555/drug-induced-by-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-presenting-as-recurrent-pericardial-effusion-after-mitral-valve-repair
#4
Aghigh Haydari, Feridoun Sabzi, Samsam Dabiri, Alireza Poormotaabed
We report a patient presented with recurrent pericardial effusion caused by drug-induced systemic lupus Erythematosus (SLE) following mitral valve repair. The surgery was complicated by hemiparesis and convulsion in early postoperative period. The patient had been received carbamazepine for a paroxysmal seizure that occurred following mitral valve repair. The post operative computed tomography showed embolic stroke and its sequel (seizure) that treated with carbamazepine. In the 3rd month of follow-up, however, hemiparesis recovered by physiotherapy but carbamazepine was not discontinued as by request of neurologist...
September 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194744/pharmacokinetics-of-the-anti-convulsant-levetiracetam-in-neonatal-foals
#5
K D MacDonald, K A Hart, J L Davis, L J Berghaus, S Giguère
BACKGROUND: Seizures are a common manifestation of neurologic disease in the neonatal foal and are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in this population. Current anti-epileptic options are effective, but often have undesirable adverse effects, short duration of action, and high cost. Levetiracetam has an ideal safety and pharmacokinetic profile in multiple species, including the adult horse, and may be a safe and cost-effective alternative anti-convulsant in neonatal foals...
December 1, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184381/anticonvulsant-medications-in-mitochondrial-disease
#6
COMMENT
Divakar S Mithal, Jonathan E Kurz
Researchers from Vienna, Austria and Sao Paulo, Brazil studied the known effects of anticonvulsant drugs on mitochondria, using a literature search to include only references to epilepsy associated with mitochondrial disease, and a specific anti-convulsant drug (i.e. levetiracetam) with a specific mitochondrial function (i.e. mitochondrial membrane potential).
November 2017: Pediatric Neurology Briefs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169160/the-use-of-peritoneal-dialysis-in-phenobarbitone-toxicity-in-a-critically-unwell-neonate
#7
Amelia K Le Page, Alice E Stewart, Charles C Roehr, Lilian M Johnstone, Andis Graudins
BACKGROUND: Phenobarbitone (PB) is the first-line anti-convulsant for neonatal seizures. The use of peritoneal dialysis (PD) to enhance drug elimination in cases of neonatal PB overdose has not been reported. OBJECTIVE: To report a case of neonatal severe PB toxicity and review the elimination of PB by PD. METHODS: Assessment of PD drug clearance. RESULTS: A neonate with prolonged seizures was administered PB. Encephalopathy and myocardial failure developed, which were initially suspected to be secondary to hypoxia...
November 24, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155282/seizure-liability-assessments-using-the-hippocampal-tissue-slice-comparison-of-non-clinical-species
#8
Michael V Accardi, Hai Huang, Simon Authier
INTRODUCTION: Traditionally, rat hippocampal tissue slice models are used as an in vitro electrophysiology assay to assess seizurogenic potential in early drug development despite non-clinical species-specific differences noted during in vivo seizure studies. METHODS: Hippocampal tissue slices were acutely isolated from rats, minipigs, dogs and nonhuman primates (NHP). Population spikes (PS) were evoked through stimulation of the CA3 Schaffer collateral pathway and recorded using in vitro electrophysiological techniques via an extracellular electrode placed within the CA1 stratum pyramidale cell body layer...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122401/the-efficacy-of-adrenocorticotropic-hormone-in-a-girl-with-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis
#9
Mari Hatanaka, Shuichi Shimakawa, Akihisa Okumura, Jun Natsume, Miho Fukui, Shohei Nomura, Mitsuru Kashiwagi, Hiroshi Tamai
BACKGROUND: Immunomodulatory therapy has shown some therapeutic benefits in patients with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis. In this report, we describe the use of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) immunotherapy with good outcome in a patient with anti-NMDAR encephalitis. SUBJECT AND METHODS: A 4-year-old girl developed convulsions in her right arm and leg without impaired consciousness. These convulsions occurred frequently in clusters of 10-20 events of 10-20 s duration...
November 6, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114367/the-comparison-of-anti-seizure-and-tocolytic-effects-of-phenytoin-and-magnesium-sulphate-in-the-treatment-of-eclampsia-and-preeclampsia-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#10
Maryam Khooshideh, Majid Ghaffarpour, Sama Bitarafan
Background: To date, magnesium sulphate (MgSO4) is the treatment of choice for prevention of seizure in eclampsia and preeclampsia. However, there are some limitations in the administration of MgSO4 due to its tocolytic effects. The aim of this study was to compare the anticonvulsant and tocolytic effects of MgSO4 and another drug, phenytoin, in patients with eclampsia and preeclampsia. Methods: This clinical trial was conducted on pregnant women hospitalised with eclampsia or preeclampsia, during 2014-2016...
July 6, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111385/jnk1-inhibition-by-licochalcone-a-leads-to-neuronal-protection-against-excitotoxic-insults-derived-of-kainic-acid
#11
Oriol Busquets, Miren Ettcheto, Ester Verdaguer, Rubén Dario, Carme Auladell, Carlos Beas-Zarate, Jaume Folch, Antoni Camins
The mitogen-activated protein kinase family (MAPK) is an important group of enzymes involved in cellular responses to diverse external stimuli. One of the members of this family is the c-Jun-N-terminal kinase (JNK). The activation of the JNK pathway has been largely associated with the pathogenesis that occurs in epilepsy and neurodegeneration. Kainic acid (KA) administration in rodents is an experimental approach that induces status epilepticus (SE) and replicates many of the phenomenological features of human temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE)...
October 27, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102723/synthetic-and-medicinal-perspective-of-thiazolidinones-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Sundeep Kaur Manjal, Ramandeep Kaur, Rohit Bhatia, Kapil Kumar, Virender Singh, Ravi Shankar, Rupinder Kaur, Ravindra K Rawal
In the modern scenario, thiazolidinone scaffold has emerged as a very potent scaffold as per its clinical significance concerned. It has attracted the keen interest of the researchers due to its great diversity in biological activities. Thiazolidinones are the saturated form of thiazole, called thiazolidine with a carbonyl group. The 1,3-thiazolidin-4-ones possess wide range of pharmacological activities such as anti-cancer, anti-diabetic, anti-microbial, anti-viral, anti-inflammatory and anti-convulsant. In the past few years, various newer synthetic approaches have been designed to synthesize diverse scaffolds to explore the various types of biological activities...
October 23, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080744/effect-of-dexmedetomidine-on-rats-with-convulsive-status-epilepticus-and-association-with-activation-of-cholinergic-anti-inflammatory-pathway
#13
Kai-Liang Xu, Xin-Qiu Liu, Yu-Long Yao, Ming-Rong Ye, Yao-Guo Han, Tao Zhang, Gang Chen, Ming Lei
Convulsive status epilepticus (CSE) is a neurological disease with contraction and extension of limbs, leading to damage of hippocampus and cognition. This study aimed to explore the effects of dexmedetomidine (DEX) on the cognitive function and neuroinflammation in CSE rats. All rats were divided into control group, CSE group and DEX group. Morris water maze test was used to measure cognitive function. Acute hippocampal slices were made to detect long-term potentiation (LTP). Immunohistochemistry was used to determine the expression of α7-nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7-nAChR) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β)...
November 11, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038702/the-effect-of-teucrium-polium-on-the-duration-of-menstrual-bleeding-a-triple-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#14
Abadian Khadige, Zohre Keshavarz, Faraz Mojab, Hamid Alavi Majd
BACKGROUND: Teucrium polium (T. polium; locally called 'kalpooreh') is a herbal medicine with therapeutic effects against diabetes and fungal infections, and it has analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects as well. It is also used traditionally as a remedy in treating headache, dysmenorrhea, convulsions and gastrointestinal disorders. Moreover, its hypoglycemic, hypolipidemic and antibacterial effects have been reported in recent studies. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of T...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982319/sexual-dysfunction-in-epilepsy-and-the-role-of-anti-epileptic-drugs
#15
Mahinda Yogarajah, Marco Mula
BACKGROUND: Sexual dysfunction is very common in patients with epilepsy. OBJECTIVE: We sought to review the published literature around sexual dysfunction in epilepsy, and particularly the role played by anti-convulsant drugs. METHOD: We searched all related articles on PubMed using the search terms sexual dysfunction, various AEDs and epilepsy, and restricted the search to English language articles. RESULTS: The most common manifestations of sexual dysfunction in patients with epilepsy are hyposexuality and erectile dysfunction...
October 4, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941835/pharmacoresistance-with-newer-anti-epileptic-drugs-in-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-with-hippocampal-sclerosis
#16
Michael S Pohlen, Jingxiao Jin, Ronnie S Tobias, Atul Maheshwari
This study aims to evaluate the overall prognosis, prognostic factors, and efficacy of treatment in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis (MTLE-HS) who have access to third generation anti-epileptic drugs but not to epilepsy surgery. Eighty-five MTLE-HS patients were retrospectively placed into a seizure-free (seizure-free for >1year) or drug-resistant group, and the two groups were compared on the basis of age, sex, age at onset of seizures, duration of epilepsy, side of lesion, handedness, EEG findings, history of CNS infection, history of febrile convulsions, history of head trauma, history of cognitive impairment, family history of seizures, number of current anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs), total number of AED trials, and presence of individual AEDs...
November 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916251/mk-801-but-not-naloxone-attenuates-high-dose-dextromethorphan-induced-convulsive-behavior-possible-involvement-of-the-glun2b-receptor
#17
Hai-Quyen Tran, Yoon Hee Chung, Eun-Joo Shin, The-Vinh Tran, Ji Hoon Jeong, Choon-Gon Jang, Seung-Yeol Nah, Kiyofumi Yamada, Toshitaka Nabeshima, Hyoung-Chun Kim
Dextromethorphan (DM) is a dextrorotatory isomer of levorphanol, a typical morphine-like opioid. When administered at supra-antitussive doses, DM produces psychotoxic and neurotoxic effects in humans. Although DM abuse has been well-documented, few studies have examined the effects of high-dose DM. The present study aimed to explore the effects of a single high dose of DM on mortality and seizure occurrence. After intraperitoneal administration with a high dose of DM (80mg/kg), Sprague-Dawley rats showed increased seizure occurrence and intensity...
November 1, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905646/express-side-effects-of-convulsive-seizures-and-anti-seizure-therapy-on-bone-in-a-rat-model-of-epilepsy
#18
Sebnem Garip Ustaoglu, Zafer Evis, Gul Ilbay, Adele Boskey, Feride Severcan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Applied Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875858/managing-neuropathic-pain-in-multiple-sclerosis-pharmacological-interventions
#19
Samuel S Duffy, Justin G Lees, Chamini J Perera, Gila Moalem-Taylor
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS). Of the plethora of motor and sensory disturbances experienced by sufferers, neuropathic pain is a highly prevalent and debilitating symptom, and at present remains extremely difficult to treat. Common forms of neuropathic pain seen in MS patients include central neuropathic pain, Lhermitte's phenomenon and trigeminal neuralgia, which are all speculated to arise from specific patterns of lesion formation...
September 6, 2017: Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870817/-prrt2-mutation-and-infantile-convulsions
#20
M Mathot, D Lederer, S Gerard, E Gueulette, M Deprez
New genetic techniques have made it possible to better understand the implications of the PRRT2 gene (proline rich transmembrane protein 2) in various neurological disorders. Mutations within this gene are responsible for kinesigenic paroxysmal dyskinesias (PKD) as well as for benign familial infantile epilepsy (BFIE), a disease associating infantile convulsions and choreoathetosis (ICCA), a form of familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM type 4), paroxysmal benign torticollis of childhood, and episodic ataxia. We describe the case of an infant, carrying a mutation of the PRRT2 gene, with a classical presentation...
September 1, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
keyword
keyword
112217
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"