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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122401/the-efficacy-of-adrenocorticotropic-hormone-in-a-girl-with-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis
#1
Mari Hatanaka, Shuichi Shimakawa, Akihisa Okumura, Jun Natsume, Miho Fukui, Shohei Nomura, Mitsuru Kashiwagi, Hiroshi Tamai
BACKGROUND: Immunomodulatory therapy has shown some therapeutic benefits in patients with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis. In this report, we describe the use of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) immunotherapy with good outcome in a patient with anti-NMDAR encephalitis. SUBJECT AND METHODS: A 4-year-old girl developed convulsions in her right arm and leg without impaired consciousness. These convulsions occurred frequently in clusters of 10-20 events of 10-20 s duration...
November 6, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114367/the-comparison-of-anti-seizure-and-tocolytic-effects-of-phenytoin-and-magnesium-sulphate-in-the-treatment-of-eclampsia-and-preeclampsia-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#2
Maryam Khooshideh, Majid Ghaffarpour, Sama Bitarafan
Background: To date, magnesium sulphate (MgSO4) is the treatment of choice for prevention of seizure in eclampsia and preeclampsia. However, there are some limitations in the administration of MgSO4 due to its tocolytic effects. The aim of this study was to compare the anticonvulsant and tocolytic effects of MgSO4 and another drug, phenytoin, in patients with eclampsia and preeclampsia. Methods: This clinical trial was conducted on pregnant women hospitalised with eclampsia or preeclampsia, during 2014-2016...
July 6, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111385/jnk1-inhibition-by-licochalcone-a-leads-to-neuronal-protection-against-excitotoxic-insults-derived-of-kainic-acid
#3
Oriol Busquets, Miren Ettcheto, Ester Verdaguer, Rubén Dario, Carme Auladell, Carlos Beas-Zarate, Jaume Folch, Antoni Camins
The mitogen-activated protein kinase family (MAPK) is an important group of enzymes involved in cellular responses to diverse external stimuli. One of the members of this family is the c-Jun-N-terminal kinase (JNK). The activation of the JNK pathway has been largely associated with the pathogenesis that occurs in epilepsy and neurodegeneration. Kainic acid (KA) administration in rodents is an experimental approach that induces status epilepticus (SE) and replicates many of the phenomenological features of human temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE)...
October 27, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102723/synthetic-and-medicinal-perspective-of-thiazolidinones-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Sundeep Kaur Manjal, Ramandeep Kaur, Rohit Bhatia, Kapil Kumar, Virender Singh, Ravi Shankar, Rupinder Kaur, Ravindra K Rawal
In the modern scenario, thiazolidinone scaffold has emerged as a very potent scaffold as per its clinical significance concerned. It has attracted the keen interest of the researchers due to its great diversity in biological activities. Thiazolidinones are the saturated form of thiazole, called thiazolidine with a carbonyl group. The 1,3-thiazolidin-4-ones possess wide range of pharmacological activities such as anti-cancer, anti-diabetic, anti-microbial, anti-viral, anti-inflammatory and anti-convulsant. In the past few years, various newer synthetic approaches have been designed to synthesize diverse scaffolds to explore the various types of biological activities...
October 23, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080744/effect-of-dexmedetomidine-on-rats-with-convulsive-status-epilepticus-and-association-with-activation-of-cholinergic-anti-inflammatory-pathway
#5
Kai-Liang Xu, Xin-Qiu Liu, Yu-Long Yao, Ming-Rong Ye, Yao-Guo Han, Tao Zhang, Gang Chen, Ming Lei
Convulsive status epilepticus (CSE) is a neurological disease with contraction and extension of limbs, leading to damage of hippocampus and cognition. This study aimed to explore the effects of dexmedetomidine (DEX) on the cognitive function and neuroinflammation in CSE rats. All rats were divided into control group, CSE group and DEX group. Morris water maze test was used to measure cognitive function. Acute hippocampal slices were made to detect long-term potentiation (LTP). Immunohistochemistry was used to determine the expression of α7-nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7-nAChR) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β)...
November 11, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038702/the-effect-of-teucrium-polium-on-the-duration-of-menstrual-bleeding-a-triple-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#6
Abadian Khadige, Zohre Keshavarz, Faraz Mojab, Hamid Alavi Majd
BACKGROUND: Teucrium polium (T. polium; locally called 'kalpooreh') is a herbal medicine with therapeutic effects against diabetes and fungal infections, and it has analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects as well. It is also used traditionally as a remedy in treating headache, dysmenorrhea, convulsions and gastrointestinal disorders. Moreover, its hypoglycemic, hypolipidemic and antibacterial effects have been reported in recent studies. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of T...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982319/sexual-dysfunction-in-epilepsy-and-the-role-of-anti-epileptic-drugs
#7
Mahinda Yogarajah, Marco Mula
BACKGROUND: Sexual dysfunction is very common in patients with epilepsy. OBJECTIVE: We sought to review the published literature around sexual dysfunction in epilepsy, and particularly the role played by anti-convulsant drugs. METHOD: We searched all related articles on PubMed using the search terms sexual dysfunction, various AEDs and epilepsy, and restricted the search to English language articles. RESULTS: The most common manifestations of sexual dysfunction in patients with epilepsy are hyposexuality and erectile dysfunction...
October 4, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941835/pharmacoresistance-with-newer-anti-epileptic-drugs-in-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-with-hippocampal-sclerosis
#8
Michael S Pohlen, Jingxiao Jin, Ronnie S Tobias, Atul Maheshwari
This study aims to evaluate the overall prognosis, prognostic factors, and efficacy of treatment in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis (MTLE-HS) who have access to third generation anti-epileptic drugs but not to epilepsy surgery. Eighty-five MTLE-HS patients were retrospectively placed into a seizure-free (seizure-free for >1year) or drug-resistant group, and the two groups were compared on the basis of age, sex, age at onset of seizures, duration of epilepsy, side of lesion, handedness, EEG findings, history of CNS infection, history of febrile convulsions, history of head trauma, history of cognitive impairment, family history of seizures, number of current anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs), total number of AED trials, and presence of individual AEDs...
November 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916251/mk-801-but-not-naloxone-attenuates-high-dose-dextromethorphan-induced-convulsive-behavior-possible-involvement-of-the-glun2b-receptor
#9
Hai-Quyen Tran, Yoon Hee Chung, Eun-Joo Shin, The-Vinh Tran, Ji Hoon Jeong, Choon-Gon Jang, Seung-Yeol Nah, Kiyofumi Yamada, Toshitaka Nabeshima, Hyoung-Chun Kim
Dextromethorphan (DM) is a dextrorotatory isomer of levorphanol, a typical morphine-like opioid. When administered at supra-antitussive doses, DM produces psychotoxic and neurotoxic effects in humans. Although DM abuse has been well-documented, few studies have examined the effects of high-dose DM. The present study aimed to explore the effects of a single high dose of DM on mortality and seizure occurrence. After intraperitoneal administration with a high dose of DM (80mg/kg), Sprague-Dawley rats showed increased seizure occurrence and intensity...
November 1, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905646/express-side-effects-of-convulsive-seizures-and-anti-seizure-therapy-on-bone-in-a-rat-model-of-epilepsy
#10
Sebnem Garip Ustaoglu, Zafer Evis, Gul Ilbay, Adele Boskey, Feride Severcan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Applied Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875858/managing-neuropathic-pain-in-multiple-sclerosis-pharmacological-interventions
#11
Samuel S Duffy, Justin G Lees, Chamini J Perera, Gila Moalem-Taylor
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS). Of the plethora of motor and sensory disturbances experienced by sufferers, neuropathic pain is a highly prevalent and debilitating symptom, and at present remains extremely difficult to treat. Common forms of neuropathic pain seen in MS patients include central neuropathic pain, Lhermitte's phenomenon and trigeminal neuralgia, which are all speculated to arise from specific patterns of lesion formation...
September 6, 2017: Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870817/-prrt2-mutation-and-infantile-convulsions
#12
M Mathot, D Lederer, S Gerard, E Gueulette, M Deprez
New genetic techniques have made it possible to better understand the implications of the PRRT2 gene (proline rich transmembrane protein 2) in various neurological disorders. Mutations within this gene are responsible for kinesigenic paroxysmal dyskinesias (PKD) as well as for benign familial infantile epilepsy (BFIE), a disease associating infantile convulsions and choreoathetosis (ICCA), a form of familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM type 4), paroxysmal benign torticollis of childhood, and episodic ataxia. We describe the case of an infant, carrying a mutation of the PRRT2 gene, with a classical presentation...
September 1, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864423/alpha-mangostin-inhibits-both-dengue-virus-production-and-cytokine-chemokine-expression
#13
Mayuri Tarasuk, Pucharee Songprakhon, Pattamawan Chimma, Panudda Sratongno, Kesara Na-Bangchang, Pa-Thai Yenchitsomanus
Since severe dengue virus (DENV) infection in humans associates with both high viral load and massive cytokine production - referred to as "cytokine storm", an ideal drug for treatment of DENV infection should efficiently inhibit both virus production and cytokine expression. In searching for such an ideal drug, we discovered that α-mangostin (α-MG), a major bioactive compound purified from the pericarp of the mangosteen fruit (Garcinia mangostana Linn), which has been used in traditional medicine for several conditions including trauma, diarrhea, wound infection, pain, fever, and convulsion, inhibits both DENV production in cultured hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 and Huh-7 cells, and cytokine/chemokine expression in HepG2 cells...
August 31, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776277/anti-epileptic-activity-of-nelumbo-nucifera-fruit
#14
Muhammad Ali Rajput, Rafeeq Alam Khan, Tahira Assad
Epilepsy is the most commonly encountered neurological disorder affecting around 70 million people worldwide, out of which approximately 80% belongs to developing countries. Several shortcomings appeared with the use of conventional antiepileptic agents like, inadequate seizure control, side effects and cost which limit their use. Thus extensive studies are necessary to investigate the pharmacological effects of plants, which would facilitate discovery of novel drugs from herbal source permitting their use to benefit mankind...
December 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775328/inhibition-of-glutamate-decarboxylase-gad-by-ethyl-ketopentenoate-ekp-induces-treatment-resistant-epileptic-seizures-in-zebrafish
#15
Yifan Zhang, Michiel Vanmeert, Aleksandra Siekierska, Annelii Ny, Jubi John, Geert Callewaert, Eveline Lescrinier, Wim Dehaen, Peter A M de Witte, Rafal M Kaminski
Epilepsy is a chronic brain disorder characterized by recurrent seizures due to abnormal, excessive and synchronous neuronal activities in the brain. It affects approximately 65 million people worldwide, one third of which are still estimated to suffer from refractory seizures. Glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) that converts glutamate into GABA is a key enzyme in the dynamic regulation of neural network excitability. Importantly, clinical evidence shows that lowered GAD activity is associated with several forms of epilepsy which are often treatment resistant...
August 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762061/direct-antiglobulin-coombs-test-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients
#16
Thelma Skare, Leandro Picelli, Thiago Alberto G Dos Santos, Renato Nisihara
The objective of the study is to study the positivity of Coombs test or direct antiglobulin test (DAT) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients and its relationship with disease's clinical and serological profile. Retrospective study of 373 SLE patients seen at single Rheumatology Unit. Epidemiological data (age, gender, age at disease onset, auto declared ethnic background and tobacco use), clinical (malar rash, photosensitivity, oral ulcers, discoid lesions, serositis, glomerulonephritis, convulsions, psychosis, hemolytic anemia, leukopenia, lymphocytopenia and arthritis), and serological profile (anti ds DNA, anti Ro/SS-A; anti La/SS-B, Anti RNP, Anti Sm, aCl (anticardiolipin) IgG, aCl Ig M, LA or lupus anticoagulant, rheumatoid factor and direct Coombs) were collected...
July 31, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759875/an-overview-of-benzo-b-thiophene-based-medicinal-chemistry
#17
REVIEW
Rangappa S Keri, Karam Chand, Srinivasa Budagumpi, Sasidhar Balappa Somappa, Siddappa A Patil, Bhari Mallanna Nagaraja
Among sulfur containing heterocycles, benzothiophene and its derivatives are at the focus as these candidates have structural similarities with active compounds to develop new potent lead molecules in drug design. Benzo[b]thiophene scaffold is one of the privileged structures in drug discovery as this core exhibits various biological activities allowing them to act as anti-microbial, anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-tubercular, anti-diabetic, anti-convulsant agents and many more. Further, numerous benzothiophene-based compounds as clinical drugs have been extensively used to treat various types of diseases with high therapeutic potency, which has led to their extensive developments...
September 29, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731901/should-first-line-empiric-treatment-strategies-for-neonates-cover-coagulase-negative-staphylococcal-infections-in-kenya
#18
Anna C Seale, Christina W Obiero, Kelsey D Jones, Hellen C Barsosio, Johnstone Thitiri, Moses Ngari, Susan Morpeth, Shebe Mohammed, Gregory Fegan, Neema Mturi, James A Berkley
BACKGROUND: Neonatal mortality remains high in sub-Saharan Africa, and a third of deaths are estimated to result from infection. While coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) are leading neonatal pathogens in resource-rich settings, their role, and the need for early anti-Staphylococcal treatment in empiric antibiotic guidelines, is unknown in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: We examined systematic clinical and microbiologic surveillance data from all neonatal admissions to Kilifi County Hospital (1998-2013) to determine associated case fatality and/or prolonged duration of admission associated with CoNS in neonates treated according to standard World Health Organization guidelines...
November 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717095/encephalopathy-associated-with-influenza-b-in-a-healthy-young-man
#19
Masaki Shimamoto, Satoshi Okada, Takeshi Terashima
A 19-year-old man presented with a fever, convulsions, and loss of consciousness at our hospital. The patient had a Glasgow Coma Scale score of 12. Influenza B virus infection was diagnosed using the rapid test kit, and an eight-fold increase in the serum levels of anti-influenza B virus antibody was confirmed using the complement fixation test. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed multifocal high-signal lesions, and an electroencephalogram showed diffuse slowing of the background activity, indicating acute encephalopathy...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714383/novel-mannich-bases-as-potential-anticonvulsants-syntheses-characterization-and-biological-evaluation
#20
Amit Kumar Keshari, Aseem Tewari, Shweta Singh Verma, Shailendra K Saraf
BACKGROUND: Mannich bases are known to be an important pharmacophore or bioactive leads in the synthesis of various potential agents that have a variety of therapeutic activities like anticancer, antipsychotic, anticonvulsant, antimalarial, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and so forth. Thus, in the present research, conjugation of moieties like 1,5-benzoxazepines and 1,5-benzothiazepines with secondary amines like piperazine, methyl piperazine and morpholine was carried out in a Mannich base with an anticipation of good anticonvulsant activity...
July 17, 2017: Central Nervous System Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
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