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Bacterial prostatitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394553/drug-induced-oral-ulcerations-case-report
#1
Vanja Vučičević Boras, Snježana Židovec-Lepej, Branka Marinović, Sven Seiwerth, Ivana Škrinjar, Dražen Pulanić, Danica Vidović Juras
A 70-year-old patient was admitted to the Department of Oral Medicine for multiple oral ulcerations on the left buccal mucosa, around 0.5 cm in diameter, as well as on the gingiva. Otherwise, the patient suffered from chronic lymphocytic leukemia, hypogammaglobulinemia, chronic renal insufficiency, with complete afunction of the right kidney, asthma, hypertension, gastritis and prostate hyperplasia. Differential diagnosis of oral ulcerations included drug induced oral ulcerations, paraneoplastic pemphigus, viral ulcerations (cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex viruses), fungal ulcerations (candidiasis, aspergillosis, histoplasmosis, cryptococcosis) and bacterial ulcerations, as well as neutropenic ulcers...
June 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384926/trus-biopsy-yield-in-indian-population-a-retrospective-analysis
#2
Sunil Raghunath Patil, Prakash Wamanrao Pawar, Ajit Somaji Sawant, Akshay Vijay Patil, Sayalee Suryabhan Narwade, Shankar Tanaji Mundhe, Abhishek Jaysukhbhai Savalia, Ashwin Sunil Tamhankar
INTRODUCTION: The reported cancer detection rate of Trans-Rectal Ultrasonography (TRUS) biopsies (TRUS biopsy yield) has been around 30 percent in western countries. However it is much lower in Asian countries, including India. Hence a larger proportion of patients in India undergo unnecessary biopsies. AIMS: To find out the cancer detection rate of TRUS biopsy (TRUS biopsy yield) in contemporary Indian population. Also, to study the positive predictive values at different serum Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA)/PSA Density (PSAD) cut off levels and suspicious Digital Rectal Examination (DRE) findings...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383319/clinical-significance-of-incidental-prostatic-fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose-uptake-in-the-diagnosis-of-infectious-prostatitis-in-adult-males
#3
Gil Ho Lee, Jai Hyuen Lee
BACKGROUND: We performed a work-up study of cancer patients with incidentally found uncharacterized prostatic fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG) uptake in F-FDG PET/CT results. Then, we evaluated the clinical significance of the incidental prostate F-FDG uptake (IPU) in nonmalignant prostate tissues. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Overall, 51 men agreed to a physical prostate examination and an expressed prostatic secretion (EPS) test within 2 weeks after torso F-FDG PET/CT scans...
April 5, 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383142/auraptene-induces-apoptosis-via-myeloid-cell-leukemia-1-mediated-activation-of-caspases-in-pc3-and-du145-prostate-cancer-cells
#4
Jae Chul Lee, Eun Ah Shin, Bonglee Kim, Bo-Im Kim, Mahsa Chitsazian-Yazdi, Mehrdad Iranshahi, Sung-Hoon Kim
Although auraptene, a prenyloxy coumarin from Citrus species, was known to have anti-oxidant, anti-bacterial, antiinflammatory, and anti-tumor activities, the underlying anti-tumor mechanism of auraptene in prostate cancers is not fully understood to date. Thus, in the present study, we have investigated the anti-tumor mechanism of auraptene mainly in PC3 and DU145 prostate cancer cells, because auraptene suppressed the viability of androgen-independent PC3 and DU145 prostate cancer cells better than androgen-sensitive LNCaP cells...
April 6, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353081/gastrointestinal-manifestations-of-melioidosis-a-single-center-experience
#5
Nitin Jagtap, Harshal Shah, Anuradha Kancharla, Manu Tandan, Partha Pal, Sundeep Lakhtakia, Mohan Ramchandani, D N Reddy
Melioidosis, being increasing, is reported from India. Gastrointestinal manifestations are typically reported as unusual cause of liver and/or splenic abscess. We aimed to describe various gastrointestinal manifestation of melioidosis in the present study. We retrospectively collected data of culture positive melioidosis cases from hospital database during August 2014-October 2016 at Asian Institute of Gastroenterology, Hyderabad. A total of nine culture positive cases (8 male) of melioidosis with median age of 40 years (range 23-66) were analyzed...
March 29, 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345957/xyloglucan-hibiscus-and-propolis-for-the-prevention-of-urinary-tract-infections-results-of-in-vitro-studies
#6
Benito Fraile, Javier Alcover, Mar Royuela, David Rodríguez, Concepción Chaves, Ricardo Palacios, Núria Piqué
AIM: To assess the properties of a medical device containing xyloglucan, propolis and hibiscus to create a bioprotective barrier to avoid the contact of uropathogenic Escherichia coli strains on cell walls in models of intestinal (CacoGoblet) and uroepithelial (RWPE-1) cells (derived from normal human prostate epithelium). MATERIALS & METHODS: Two uropathogenic E. coli strains (expressing type 1 fimbriae and P fimbriae) were used to assess, by electronic microscopy and ELISA, the barrier properties of the medical device...
March 27, 2017: Future Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280964/evaluation-of-the-protective-effect-of-pentoxifylline-on-carrageenan-induced-chronic-non-bacterial-prostatitis-in-rats
#7
Mahboobeh Hajighorbani, Mahmood Ahmadi-Hamedani, Elaheh Shahab, Farzad Hayati, Khatereh Kafshdoozan, Keivan Keramati, Amin Hossein Amini
Chronic non-bacterial prostatitis (CNP) is the most common type of prostatitis and oxidative stress (OS) was shown to be highly elevated in prostatitis patients. This study aimed to investigate the protective effect of pentoxifylline (PTX) on CNP induced by carrageenan in rats. Male adult Wistar rats (n = 30) were divided into control, CNP and three treatment groups (n = 6) including CNP + cernilton and CNP + PTX groups. CNP was induced by single intraprostatic injection of 1% carrageenan (100 µl)...
March 9, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261845/stenotrophomonas-maltophilia-isolated-from-prostatic-fluid-as-an-infertility-factor-in-a-male-dog
#8
A Domosławska, S Zduńczyk, A Jurczak, T Janowski
The aim of this case was to describe very rare infection of canine prostate gland with Stenotrophomonas maltophilia which had influence on male fertility. The bacterium was cultured from third fraction of the ejaculate collected by manual manipulation. The sperm concentration and motility parameters were evaluated by Hamilton-Thorne Sperm Analyser, version IVOS 12.3, sperm morphology by Diff-Quick staining and live/dead spermatozoa by eosin/nigrosin staining. After 3 weeks of treatment with targeted antibiotic, ciprofloxacin, there was no bacterial growth in prostate fluid...
March 6, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248681/risk-factors-for-infection-development-after-transrectal-prostate-biopsy-and-the-role-of-resistant-bacteria-in-colonic-flora
#9
Emine Dilek Eruz, Aysun Yalci, Eriz Ozden, Halide Aslaner, Suna Ogucu-Durgun, Deniz Derya Koseoglu-Taymur, Kemal Osman Memikoglu, Hakan Erdem, Halil Kurt
INTRODUCTION: In this study, we aimed to identify risk factors for the development of infectious complications after prostate biopsy and to investigate the role of intestinal colonization of bacteria that are resistant to prophylactic antibiotics. METHODOLOGY: A total of 168 patients who had undergone transrectal prostate biopsy (TRPB) under ciprofloxacin and gentamycin prophylaxis were included in the study. Stool cultures and subsequent antibiotic susceptibility testing were performed in all patients before the start of antibiotic prophylaxis...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248044/-ultrasound-physiotherapy-treatment-of-prostatitis
#10
P I Talberg, M I Andryukhin, S E Mazina, A L Nikolaev
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Develop a method of treatment of prostatitis based on the use of a standard antibiotic, immunomodulatory therapy, and transrectal ultrasound physiotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The dynamics of the accumulation of the antibiotic was investigated in male rats. Sonication was performed immediately before the administration of the antibiotic and its accumulation in the process at 10, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100 min after dosing. The clinical study included 138 patients with chronic prostatitis...
December 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247738/-bacterial-prostatitis-and-prostatic-fibrosis-modern-view-on-the-treatment-and-prophylaxis
#11
A V Zaitsev, D Yu Pushkar, L A Khodyreva, A A Dudareva
Treatments of chronic bacterial prostatitis (CP) remain difficult problem. Bacterial prostatitis is a disease entity diagnosed clinically and by evidence of inflammation and infection localized to the prostate. Risk factors for UTI in men include urological interventions, such as transrectal prostate biopsy. Ensuing infections after prostate biopsy, such as UTI and bacterial prostatitis, are increasing due to increasing rates of fluoroquinolone resistance. The increasing global antibiotic resistance also significantly affects management of UTI in men, and therefore calls for alternative strategies...
August 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247621/-combination-therapy-of-chronic-bacterial-prostatitis
#12
A A Khryanin, O V Reshetnikov
The article discusses the possible etiological factors in the development of chronic bacterial prostatitis. The authors presented a comparative long-term analysis of morbidity from non-viral sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in Russia. Against the background of general decline in STIs incidence, a significant percentage of them is made up by urogenital trichomoniasis. The findings substantiated the advantages of combination therapy (ornidazole and ofloxacin) for bacterial urinary tract infections.
August 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217695/gut-microbiome-and-chronic-prostatitis-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome
#13
REVIEW
Hans C Arora, Charis Eng, Daniel A Shoskes
Analysis of the human microbiome continues to reveal new and previously unrealized associations between microbial dysbiosis and disease. Novel approaches to bacterial identification using culture-independent methods allow practitioners to discern the presence of alterations in the taxa and diversity of the microbiome and identify correlations with disease processes. While some of these diseases that have been extensively studied are well-defined in their etiology and treatment methods (colorectal cancer), others have provided much more significant challenges in both diagnosis and treatment...
January 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185020/natural-course-of-asymptomatic-abnormal-prostate-findings-incidentally-detected-by-ct-after-intravesical-bcg-therapy
#14
Masashi Matsushima, Eiji Kikuchi, Hirotaka Akita, Akira Miyajima, Mototsugu Oya, Masahiro Jinzaki
BACKGROUND: Detailed information is not currently available on the incidence, natural course, and management of asymptomatic abnormal prostate findings incidentally detected by radiologic evaluations after BCG therapy for non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer patients. METHODS: We identified 38 patients who were evaluated by contrast-enhanced CT scans before TUR-BT and after BCG therapy between 2006 and 2012. We evaluated the clinical courses of patients with abnormal radiologic findings of the prostate gland after BCG therapy...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181685/effects-of-estrogen-receptor-%C3%AE-stimulation-in-a-rat-model-of-non-bacterial-prostatic-inflammation
#15
Shinsuke Mizoguchi, Kenichi Mori, Zhou Wang, Teresa Liu, Yasuhito Funahashi, Fuminori Sato, Donald B DeFranco, Naoki Yoshimura, Hiromitsu Mimata
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence showing that chronic non-bacterial prostatic inflammation is involved in the pathogenesis of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and male lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). It has also been reported that estrogen receptor β (ERβ) could have an immunoprotective role in prostatic tissue. Therefore, we investigated the effect of ERβ-activation on not only prostatic inflammation, but also bladder overactive conditions in a rat model with nonbacterial prostatic inflammation...
May 2017: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122013/late-pleistocene-early-holocene-evidence-of-prostatic-stones-at-al-khiday-cemetery-central-sudan
#16
Donatella Usai, Lara Maritan, Gregorio Dal Sasso, Gilberto Artioli, Sandro Salvatori, Tina Jakob, Tiziana Salviato
The recovery of three stone-like ovoid objects within the burial of a pre-Mesolithic (Late Pleistocene/Early Holocene) individual at Al Khiday cemetery (Central Sudan) raises the question of the nature and origin of these objects. The position in which the objects were found in relation to the human skeleton suggested a pathological condition affecting the individual, possibly urinary bladder, kidney stones or gallstones. To solve this issue, a multi-analytical approach, consisting of tomographic, microstructural and compositional analyses, was therefore performed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120647/detection-of-sexually-transmitted-pathogens-in-patients-with-chronic-prostatitis-chronic-pelvic-pain-a-prospective-clinical-study
#17
Dino Papeš, Miram Pasini, Ana Jerončić, Martina Vargović, Viktor Kotarski, Alemka Markotić, Višnja Škerk
In <10% of patients with prostatitis syndrome, a causative uropathogenic organism can be detected. It has been shown that certain organisms that cause sexually transmitted infections can also cause chronic bacterial prostatitis, which can be hard to diagnose and treat appropriately because prostatic samples obtained by prostatic massage are not routinely tested to detect them. We conducted a clinical study to determine the prevalence of Chlamydia, mycoplasma, and trichomonas infection in 254 patients that were previously diagnosed and treated for chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome due to negative urethral swab, urine, and prostate samples...
May 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107857/prostatic-abscess-of-klebsiella%C3%A2-pneumonia-complicating-septic-pulmonary-emboli-and-meningitis-a-case-report-and-brief-review
#18
Jai-Wen Liu, Tzu-Chieh Lin, Yao-Tien Chang, Che-An Tsai, Sung-Yuan Hu
Prostatic abscess is a rare entity with an incidence of 0.5%-2.5% in all prostate diseases and usually occurs in the 5th and 6th decades of life with immunocompromised status. Prostatic abscess might be a process of evolution from acute prostatitis. Klebsiella pneumoniae is the leading microorganism in the diabetic patients of prostatic abscess in Taiwan. A 60-year-old diabetic man, with a one-week history of acute bacterial prostatitis was reported in this study, presenting to the emergency department with sudden altered mental status...
January 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101126/characterisation-of-microbial-communities-within-aggressive-prostate-cancer-tissues
#19
Melissa A Yow, Sepehr N Tabrizi, Gianluca Severi, Damien M Bolton, John Pedersen, Graham G Giles, Melissa C Southey
BACKGROUND: An infectious aetiology for prostate cancer has been conjectured for decades but the evidence gained from questionnaire-based and sero-epidemiological studies is weak and inconsistent, and a causal association with any infectious agent is not established. We describe and evaluate the application of new technology to detect bacterial and viral agents in high-grade prostate cancer tissues. The potential of targeted 16S rRNA gene sequencing and total RNA sequencing was evaluated in terms of its utility to characterise microbial communities within high-grade prostate tumours...
2017: Infectious Agents and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093789/chronic-infection-of-the-prostate-by-chlamydia-muridarum-is-accompanied-by-local-inflammation-and-pelvic-pain-development
#20
Leonardo R Sanchez, Maria L Breser, Gloria J Godoy, Florencia C Salazar, Juan P Mackern-Oberti, Cecilia Cuffini, Ruben D Motrich, Virginia E Rivero
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis urogenital infections are the leading cause of sexually transmitted bacterial infections. Although the prevalence of chlamydial infection is similar in men and women, current research is mainly focused on women, neglecting the study of male genital tract infections. We, therefore, investigated Chlamydia infection in the rodent male genital tract. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male NOD and C57BL/6 mice were inoculated in the meatus urethra with C...
January 17, 2017: Prostate
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