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Choosing a specialty

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632012/medical-school-outcomes-primary-care-specialty-choice-and-practice-in-medically-underserved-areas-by-physician-alumni-of-medprep-a-postbaccalaureate-premedical-program-for-underrepresented-and-disadvantaged-students
#1
Anneke M Metz
PROBLEM: Minorities continue to be underrepresented as physicians in medicine, and the United States currently has a number of medically underserved communities. MEDPREP, a postbaccalaureate medical school preparatory program for socioeconomically disadvantaged or underrepresented in medicine students, has a stated mission to increase the numbers of physicians from minority or disadvantaged backgrounds and physicians working with underserved populations. This study aims to determine how MEDPREP enhances U...
March 2, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618855/stability-of-and-factors-related-to-medical-student-specialty-choice-of-psychiatry
#2
Matthew N Goldenberg, D Keith Williams, John J Spollen
OBJECTIVE: Targeted efforts are needed to increase the number of medical students choosing psychiatry, but little is known about when students decide on their specialty or what factors influence their choice. The authors examined the timing and stability of student career choice of psychiatry compared with other specialties and determined what pre- and intra-medical school factors were associated with choosing a career in psychiatry. METHOD: Using survey data from students who graduated from U...
June 16, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615391/practical-approach-to-evaluating-testicular-status-in-infants-and-children
#3
REVIEW
Elke E Mau, Michael P Leonard
OBJECTIVE: To review the differences between normal, retractile, ectopic, ascended, and undescended testes and to describe the optimal way to perform a testicular examination to distinguish one from the other, as well as to demonstrate that ultrasound imaging is not necessary and to clarify when to consider specialist referral. SOURCES OF INFORMATION: This paper is based on selected findings from a MEDLINE search on undescended testes and orchiopexy referrals, and on our experience at the Urology Clinic at the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario in Ottawa, including review of referrals to our clinic for undescended testes and the resultant findings of normal variants versus surgical cases...
June 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522791/career-in-vascular-surgery-the-medical-student-s-perspective
#4
Malwina K Grobelna, Hubert Stępak, Barbara Kołodziejczak, Łukasz Dzieciuchowicz, Grzegorz Oszkinis
AIM: Under the supervision of the Department of General and Vascular Surgery of Poznan University of Medical Sciences, a questionnaire was distributed online or as a paper version to medical students (MSs) in order to better understand the attitudes towards surgery as a specialty and to determine the reasons why students do and do not choose vascular surgery as their career path. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The questionnaire was distributed online or as a paper version to MSs in the 3rd, 5th, and 6th year of the PUMS 6-year M...
February 28, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514963/patient-centered-primary-care-for-adults-at-high-risk-for-auds-the-choosing-healthier-drinking-options-in-primary-care-choice-trial
#5
Katharine A Bradley, Evette Joy Ludman, Laura J Chavez, Jennifer F Bobb, Susan J Ruedebusch, Carol E Achtmeyer, Joseph O Merrill, Andrew J Saxon, Ryan M Caldeiro, Diane M Greenberg, Amy K Lee, Julie E Richards, Rachel M Thomas, Theresa E Matson, Emily C Williams, Eric Hawkins, Gwen Lapham, Daniel R Kivlahan
BACKGROUND: Most patients with alcohol use disorders (AUDs) never receive alcohol treatment, and experts have recommended management of AUDs in primary care. The Choosing Healthier Drinking Options In primary CarE (CHOICE) trial was a randomized controlled effectiveness trial of a novel intervention for primary care patients at high risk for AUDs. This report describes the conceptual and scientific foundation of the CHOICE model of care, critical elements of the CHOICE trial design consistent with the Template for Intervention Description and Replication (TIDieR), results of recruitment, and baseline characteristics of the enrolled sample...
May 17, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509817/modified-delphi-process-for-the-development-of-choosing-wisely-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#6
Geoffrey C Nguyen, Karen Boland, Waqqas Afif, Brian Bressler, Jennifer L Jones, Adam V Weizman, Sharyle Fowler, Smita Halder, Vivian W Huang, Gilaad G Kaplan, Reena Khanna, Sanjay K Murthy, Joannie Ruel, Cynthia H Seow, Laura E Targownik, Tanya Chawla, Luis Guimaraes, Aida Fernandes, Sherif Saleh, Gil Y Melmed
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The prevalence and incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in North America is among the highest in the world and imparts substantial direct and indirect medical costs. The Choosing Wisely Campaign was launched in wide variety of medical specialties and disciplines to reduce unnecessary or harmful tests or treatment interventions. METHODS: The Choosing Wisely list for IBD was developed by the Canadian IBD Network for Research and Growth in Quality Improvement (CINERGI) in collaboration with Crohn's and Colitis Canada (CCC) and the Canadian Association of Gastroenterology (CAG)...
June 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509768/modified-delphi-process-for-the-development-of-choosing-wisely-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#7
Geoffrey C Nguyen, Karen Boland, Waqqas Afif, Brian Bressler, Jennifer L Jones, Adam V Weizman, Sharyle Fowler, Smita Halder, Vivian W Huang, Gilaad G Kaplan, Reena Khanna, Sanjay K Murthy, Joannie Ruel, Cynthia H Seow, Laura E Targownik, Tanya Chawla, Luis Guimaraes, Aida Fernandes, Sherif Saleh, Gil Y Melmed
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The prevalence and incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in North America is among the highest in the world and imparts substantial direct and indirect medical costs. The Choosing Wisely Campaign was launched in wide variety of medical specialties and disciplines to reduce unnecessary or harmful tests or treatment interventions. METHODS: The Choosing Wisely list for IBD was developed by the Canadian IBD Network for Research and Growth in Quality Improvement (CINERGI) in collaboration with Crohn's and Colitis Canada (CCC) and the Canadian Association of Gastroenterology (CAG)...
May 15, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508103/to-be-or-not-to-be-rheumatologist-survey-among-belgian-medical-students-and-internal-medicine-trainees-what-do-certified-rheumatologists-think-about-the-current-rheumatology-training-program
#8
Ruth Wittoek, Herman Mielants
In several countries, there have been increasing concerns over the years that fewer medical students or trainees choose rheumatology as a specialty. The aim of this three-step survey is to study the motivational factors for students and trainees in internal medicine to choose for rheumatology as a future career option and the idea among experienced rheumatologists about the needs for changes in the training program. An online survey was distributed among students in medical training (in the final 3 years) and trainees in internal medicine from the Ghent University and University Hospital...
May 15, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490924/improving-molecular-testing-and-personalized-medicine-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-ontario
#9
C Lim, H S Sekhon, J C Cutz, D M Hwang, S Kamel-Reid, R F Carter, G da Cunha Santos, T Waddell, M Binnie, M Patel, N Paul, T Chung, A Brade, R El-Maraghi, C Sit, M S Tsao, N B Leighl
BACKGROUND: Although molecular testing has become standard in managing advanced nonsquamous non-small-cell lung cancer (nsclc), most patients undergo minimally invasive procedures, and the diagnostic tumour specimens available for testing are usually limited. A knowledge translation initiative to educate diagnostic specialists about sampling techniques and laboratory processes was undertaken to improve the uptake and application of molecular testing in advanced lung cancer. METHODS: A multidisciplinary panel of physician experts including pathologists, respirologists, interventional thoracic radiologists, thoracic surgeons, medical oncologists, and radiation oncologists developed a specialty-specific education program, adapting international clinical guidelines to the local Ontario context...
April 2017: Current Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485085/the-educational-impact-of-experience-overseas
#10
Thomas A Fox, Ged Byrne, Lucie M Byrne-Davis
BACKGROUND: Health care professionals are increasingly seeking overseas experience as part of their training. In the UK and Ireland, spending time overseas is becoming increasingly common during the first few years of training, with 10.8 per cent of Foundation Year-2 (Postgraduate Year-2) doctors working outside the UK in 2015. Although we know that doctors in training are increasingly seeking overseas experience, the reasons behind this are unknown. Many travel with the intention of returning after a period of time...
May 9, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473955/orthopaedic-education-in-the-era-of-surgical-simulation-still-at-the-crawling-stage
#11
EDITORIAL
Kivanc Atesok, Peter MacDonald, Jeff Leiter, James Dubberley, Richard Satava, Ann VanHeest, Shepard Hurwitz, J Lawrence Marsh
Surgical skills education is in the process of a crucial transformation from a master-apprenticeship model to simulation-based training. Orthopaedic surgery is one of the surgical specialties where simulation-based skills training needs to be integrated into the curriculum efficiently and urgently. The reason for this strong and pressing need is that orthopaedic surgery covers broad human anatomy and pathologies and requires learning enormously diverse surgical procedures including basic and advanced skills...
April 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471433/identifying-ownership-through-role-descriptions-to-support-implementing-universal-colorectal-cancer-tumor-screening-for-lynch-syndrome
#12
Kathleen M West, Wylie Burke, Diane M Korngiebel
PurposeLynch syndrome cases are underidentified, and universal colorectal cancer tumor screening for Lynch syndrome (UTS) has been recommended. UTS implementation is challenging and few successful examples exist to date, and colorectal cancer patients and at-risk family members exhibit low uptake of genetic services. This study sought to identify the elements that could guide the choice of specialties to implement UTS through three main stages: initiating the screen, returning positive screen results, and providing follow-up...
May 4, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459024/perceptions-about-training-during-endocrinology-residency-programs-in-india-over-the-years-a-cross-sectional-study-peer-india-study
#13
Deepak Khandelwal, Deep Dutta, Rajiv Singla, Vineet Surana, Sameer Aggarwal, Yashdeep Gupta, Sanjay Kalra, Rajesh Khadgawat, Nikhil Tandon
BACKGROUND: Residents' perception on quality of endocrinology training in India is not known. This study aimed to evaluate the perceptions about endocrinology residency programs in India among current trainees as compared to practicing endocrinologists. METHODS: Trainees attending a preconference workshop at the annual conference of Endocrine Society of India (ESI) were given a questionnaire designed to evaluate their perceptions on their training. These evaluated the reasons for choosing endocrinology, their experiences during residency, and career plans...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458589/what-factors-influence-uk-medical-students-choice-of-foundation-school
#14
Saiful Miah, Karl H Pang, Wayne Rebello, Zoe Rubakumar, Victoria Fung, Suresh Venugopal, Hena Begum
BACKGROUND: We aimed to identify the factors influencing UK medical student applicants' choice of foundation school. We also explored the factors that doctors currently approaching the end of their 2-year program believe should be considered. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted during the 2013-2014 academic year. An online questionnaire was distributed to 2092 final-year medical students from nine UK medical schools and 84 foundation year-2 (FY2) doctors from eight foundation schools...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457534/choice-of-the-specialty-of-diagnostic-radiology-by-results-of-the-competitive-examination-to-assign-residency-positions-from-2006-to-2015
#15
E Murias Quintana, F Sánchez Lasheras, A Fernández-Somoano, J M Romeo Ladrero, S M Costilla García, M Cadenas Rodríguez, J B Baladrón Romero
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the profile of residency candidates choosing the specialty of diagnostic radiology in function of variables related to the positions available in different years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We compiled the data published on the Spanish Ministry of Health's website during the acts celebrated to allow residency candidates to choose positions based on the results of the competitive examinations held from 2006 to 2015, comparing the specialty of diagnostic radiology with the other specialties available in terms of positions available, net questions, sex, nationality, and order of choice of the position...
May 2017: Radiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448782/amcp-partnership-forum-driving-value-and-outcomes-in-oncology
#16
(no author information available yet)
Innovation in cancer treatment has provided a wealth of recently available therapeutic agents and a healthy drug pipeline that promises to change the way we approach this disease and the lives of those affected in the years to come. However, the majority of these new agents, many of which are targeted to specific genomic features of various tumors, may challenge the health care system's ability to afford cancer care. This innovation drives the need to focus on the value of the treatments provided to patients with cancer and on methods to optimize the efficiency of the dollars we spend, in addition to the clinical value itself...
May 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423215/breaking-down-the-stigma-of-mental-health-nursing-qualitative-study-reflecting-opinions-from-western-australian-nurses
#17
Carole A Harrison, Yvonne Hauck, Rebekah Ashby
INTRODUCTION: A lack of understanding surrounding the role of mental health nursing is associated with recruitment and retention challenges. Additional complexities include stigma related to the role, an ageing workforce and dearth of graduates keen to pursue this career. AIM OF STUDY: This qualitative study focused on opinions and experiences of existing mental health nurses to determine what could be done to entice nurses to choose mental health. METHOD: A cross-sectional design involving a brief interview was conducted with 192 Western Australian nurses from one public mental health service...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406108/specialty-preferences-and-motivating-factors-a-national-survey-on-medical-students-from-five-uae-medical-schools
#18
Mahera Abdulrahman, Maryam Makki, Sami Shaaban, Maryam Al Shamsi, Manda Venkatramana, Nabil Sulaiman, Manal M Sami, Dima K Abdelmannan, AbdulJabbar M A Salih, Laila AlShaer
BACKGROUND: Workforce planning is critical for being able to deliver appropriate health service and thus is relevant to medical education. It is, therefore, important to understand medical students' future specialty choices and the factors that influence them. This study was conducted to identify, explore, and analyze the factors influencing specialty preferences among medical students of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHODS: A multiyear, multicenter survey of medical student career choice was conducted with all five UAE medical schools...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363674/assessment-of-female-medical-students-interest-in-careers-in-cardiothoracic-surgery
#19
Darci C Foote, James M Meza, Vikram Sood, Rishindra M Reddy
OBJECTIVE: Although over half of medical students are females, women comprise only 21% of cardiothoracic (CT) surgery residency applicants and 5% of the CT workforce. We sought to gain insight into female medical students' perceptions of CT surgery and identify targets to increase interest. DESIGN: A 33-question survey queried career selection factors, perceptions of CT surgery, and ways to increase interest in the field. Responses were stratified by sex and preclinical versus clinical years...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360072/attitudes-of-newly-qualified-doctors-towards-a-career-in-general-practice-a-qualitative-focus-group-study
#20
Alexandra Merrett, Daniel Jones, Kim Sein, Trish Green, Una Macleod
BACKGROUND: A key element of the NHS is universal access to a GP. Recently, UK general practice has been described as being in crisis, with training places unfilled and multiple practices reporting vacancies or facing closure. The recruitment of GPs continues to be a key focus for both the Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP) and the government. AIM: To understand the attitudes of newly qualified doctors towards a career in general practice, to appreciate potential reasons for the crisis in GP recruitment, and to recommend ways to improve recruitment...
April 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
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