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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542883/biochemical-characterization-and-dominance-of-different-hydrolases-in-different-types-of-daqu-a-chinese-industrial-fermentation-starter
#1
Jingjing Liu, Jingyu Chen, Yi Fan, Xiaoning Huang, Beizhong Han
BACKGROUND: Daqu is a fermentative saccharification agent that is used to initiate fermentation in the production of Chinese liquor and vinegar. This study investigated the differences of amylase, protease and esterase in dominance of different types of Daqu, which can be useful for quality control and flavor improvement of Daqu production by enzyme technology. RESULTS: Hydrolase activities in different Daqu samples were compared by Principal Component Analysis (PCA)...
May 25, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542529/associations-between-quality-of-life-physical-activity-worry-depression-and-insomnia-a-cross-sectional-designed-study-in-healthy-pregnant-women
#2
Danielle Mourady, Sami Richa, Rita Karam, Tatiana Papazian, Fabienne Hajj Moussa, Nada El Osta, Assaad Kesrouani, Joseph Azouri, Hicham Jabbour, Aline Hajj, Lydia Rabbaa Khabbaz
Health-related quality of life (QOL) is reported to be reduced during pregnancy. Associations between QOL, physical activity (PA), insomnia, depression and worry are insufficiently investigated among pregnant women. The aim of this study was to evaluate QOL and PA patterns among healthy pregnant women, and to examine how QOL might correlate to PA, sleep, worry and depression. This is an observational cross-sectional study, conducted among a convenient sample of 141 healthy pregnant women using five questionnaires: WHOQOL-brief (WHO quality of life questionnaire, brief version, ISI (Insomnia Severity Index), PSWQ (Penn State Worry Questionnaire), ZSRDS (Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale), and Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire (PPAQ)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541989/irritable-bowel-syndrome
#3
Kristen Ronn Weaver, Gail DʼEramo Melkus, Wendy A Henderson
: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common, chronic gastrointestinal (GI) condition characterized by disturbances in bowel habits and abdominal pain in the absence of known organic pathology. IBS reduces quality of life and is costly to treat. It is diagnosed using the symptom-based Rome criteria for functional GI disorders, which was recently updated and released as Rome IV. Both physiologic and psychological variables play a role in the etiology of IBS and perpetuate symptoms. Although research has shed light on IBS pathophysiology, therapeutic interventions remain symptom driven, employing both pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic approaches...
June 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541509/evidence-that-phosphorylated-ubiquitin-signaling-is-involved-in-the-etiology-of-parkinson-s-disease
#4
Kahori Shiba-Fukushima, Kei-Ichi Ishikawa, Tsuyoshi Inoshita, Nana Izawa, Masashi Takanashi, Shigeto Sato, Osamu Onodera, Wado Akamatsu, Hideyuki Okano, Yuzuru Imai, Nobutaka Hattori
The ubiquitin (Ub) kinase PINK1 and the E3 Ub ligase Parkin, two gene products associated with young-onset Parkinson's disease (PD), participate in mitochondrial quality control. The phosphorylation of mitochondrial polyUb by PINK1, which is activated in a mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm)-dependent manner, facilitates the mitochondrial translocation and concomitant enzymatic activation of Parkin, leading to the clearance of phospho-polyUb-tagged mitochondria via mitophagy. Thus, Ub phosphorylation is a key event in PINK1-Parkin-mediated mitophagy...
May 25, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541422/where-women-go-to-deliver-understanding-the-changing-landscape-of-childbirth-in-africa-and-asia
#5
Dominic Montagu, May Sudhinaraset, Nadia Diamond-Smith, Oona Campbell, Sabine Gabrysch, Lynn Freedman, Margaret E Kruk, France Donnay
Growing evidence from a number of countries in Asia and Africa documents a large shift towards facility deliveries in the past decade. These increases have not led to the improvements in health outcomes that were predicted by health policy researchers in the past. In light of this unexpected evidence, we have assessed data from multiple sources, including nationally representative data from 43 countries in Asia and Africa, to understand the size and range of changing delivery location in Asia and Africa. We have reviewed the policies, programs and financing experiences in multiple countries to understand the drivers of changing practices, and the consequences for maternal and neonatal health and the health systems serving women and newborns...
May 25, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541395/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prospective-associations-between-alcohol-consumption-and-incident-frailty
#6
Gotaro Kojima, Ann Liljas, Steve Iliffe, Stephen Jivraj, Kate Walters
Background: light-to-moderate alcohol consumption is protective against all-cause mortality and cardiovascular diseases. There is limited evidence in the literature on how alcohol consumption is related to frailty. Methods: five databases (Embase, Scopus, MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO) were systematically searched in July 2016 for prospective studies published between 2000 and 2016 examining baseline alcohol consumption and subsequent frailty risk among middle-aged or older community-dwelling population...
May 25, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541238/attitudes-of-psychology-students-to-depression-and-its-treatment-implications-for-clinical-practice
#7
M Economou, L E Peppou, K Geroulanou, K Kontoangelos, A Prokopi, A Pantazi, A Zervakaki, C N Stefanis
Stigma and mental health literacy affect access to and quality of treatment of major depression. Though mental health professionals seem better able to recognize major depression than the general public, they often hold similarly stigmatizing attitudes towards people suffering from the disorder. These attitudes are shaped jointly by the public stigma attached to mental illnesses as well as by the content and delivery of mental health professionals' undergraduate training. In line with this, the present study aimed to explore psychology students' ability to recognize major depression, their attitudes towards the disorder, and their views surrounding helpfulness of various interventions...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541207/an-efficient-fusion-based-defogging
#8
Jing-Ming Guo, Jin-Yu Syue, Vincent Radzicki, Hua Lee
Degradation in visibility is often introduced to images captured in poor weather conditions, such as fog or haze. To overcome this problem, conventional approaches focus mainly on the enhancement of the overall image contrast. However, because of the unspecified light-source distribution or unsuitable mathematical constraints of the cost functions, it is often difficult to achieve quality results. In this paper, a fusion-based transmission estimation method is introduced to adaptively combine two different transmission models...
May 19, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541153/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-a-4-7-mg-deslorelin-acetate-implant-on-egg-laying-in-cockatiels-nymphicus-hollandicus
#9
Noémie M Summa, David Sanchez-Migallon Guzman, Emma L Wils-Plotz, Nerisa E Riedl, Philip H Kass, Michelle G Hawkins
OBJECTIVE To evaluate effects of administration of a 4.7-mg deslorelin acetate implant on egg laying in healthy cockatiels (Nymphicus hollandicus). ANIMALS 52 cockatiels. PROCEDURES 26 breeding pairs (a female and its respective male in each pair) were selected on the basis of their history of egg laying. Female birds were sedated and received a 4.7-mg deslorelin acetate implant (n = 13) or placebo implant (13) in the subcutaneous tissues between the scapulae. Male and female birds of each breeding pair were placed in separate but adjacent cages...
June 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540864/enhancement-of-external-quantum-efficiency-and-quality-of-heterojunction-white-leds-by-varying-the-size-of-zno-nanorods
#10
N Bano, I Hussain, S Sawaf, Abeer Alshammari, F Saleemi
The size of ZnO nanorods (NRs) plays an important role in tuning the external quantum efficiency (EQE) and quality of light generated by white light emitting diodes (LEDs). In this work, we report on the enhancement of EQE and the quality of ZnO NR-based hetrojunction white LEDs fabricated on a p-GaN substrate using a low temperature solution method. Cathodoluminescence spectra demonstrate that ultraviolet (UV) emission decreases and visible deep band emission increases with an increase in the length of the ZnO NRs...
June 16, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538695/a-new-calibration-method-for-commercial-rgb-d-sensors
#11
Walid Darwish, Shenjun Tang, Wenbin Li, Wu Chen
Commercial RGB-D sensors such as Kinect and Structure Sensors have been widely used in the game industry, where geometric fidelity is not of utmost importance. For applications in which high quality 3D is required, i.e., 3D building models of centimeter‑level accuracy, accurate and reliable calibrations of these sensors are required. This paper presents a new model for calibrating the depth measurements of RGB-D sensors based on the structured light concept. Additionally, a new automatic method is proposed for the calibration of all RGB-D parameters, including internal calibration parameters for all cameras, the baseline between the infrared and RGB cameras, and the depth error model...
May 24, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538006/evaluation-and-management-of-patch-test-negative-patients-with-generalized-dermatitis
#12
Alison Spiker, Christen M Mowad
BACKGROUND: Patients with generalized dermatitis are common in dermatology practices. Allergic contact dermatitis is often suspected, and patients frequently undergo patch testing. When patch testing result is negative, further evaluation and management of these patients are challenging. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to survey members of the American Contact Dermatitis Society regarding the evaluation and management of patch test-negative patients with generalized dermatitis...
May 23, 2017: Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537401/low-power-photothermal-self-oscillation-of-bimetallic-nanowires
#13
Roberto De Alba, Thanniyil Sebastian Abhilash, Richard H Rand, Harold G Craighead, Jeevak M Parpia
We investigate the nonlinear mechanics of a bimetallic, optically absorbing SiN-Nb nanowire in the presence of incident laser light and a reflecting Si mirror. Situated in a standing wave of optical intensity and subject to photothermal forces, the nanowire undergoes self-induced oscillations at low incident light thresholds of <1μW due to engineered strong temperature-position (T-z) coupling. Along with inducing self-oscillation, laser light causes large changes to the mechanical resonant frequency ω0 and equilibrium position z0 that cannot be neglected...
May 24, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536973/the-effect-of-maternal-migraine-headache-on-their-children-s-quality-of-life
#14
Belma Doğan Güngen, Yesim Güzey Aras, Sıdıka Sinem Gül, Türkan Acar, Ayşe Burcu Ayaz, Aybala Neslihan Alagöz, Bilgehan Atılgan Acar
Migraine is an episodic disease characterized by a throbbing and generally unilateral headache, often accompanied by nausea, vomiting and light and sound sensitivity. Migraine is known to affect one's quality of life; not only the person with migraine but also his/her family and social environment are affected by this condition. Our study aimed to evaluate the effects of maternal migraine on children's quality of life. The patient group comprised 70 mothers with migraine diagnoses and their 111 healthy children, while 50 healthy mothers and their 86 children were included in this study as the control group...
May 23, 2017: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536539/mental-status-as-a-common-factor-for-masticatory-muscle-pain-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Mieszko Wieckiewicz, Marek Zietek, Joanna Smardz, Dobrochna Zenczak-Wieckiewicz, Natalia Grychowska
Masticatory muscle pain (MMP) is the primary reason for chronic non-odontogenic orofacial pain in the human population. MMP has become a considerable social problem, which affects about 12-14% of the adult population and is 1.5-2 times more frequent in women than in men. This term defines a pain which has its origins in the masticatory muscles. Although MMP is typically felt in the face, jaws, and preauricular area, MMP can radiate to the ear, teeth, head, and neck. This systematic review explains the relationship between MMP and common mental states, such as anxiety, depression, mood and stress-related disorders, and is reported in accordance with PRISMA guidelines...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536499/decreasing-sedentary-behavior-effects-on-academic-performance-meta-cognition-and-sleep
#16
June J Pilcher, Drew M Morris, Stewart A Bryant, Paul A Merritt, Hayley B Feigl
There is growing interest in using activity workstations as a method of increasing light physical activity in normally sedentary environments. The current study (N = 117) compared the effects of studying in college students while slowly pedaling a stationary bike with a desktop with studying at traditional desks across 10 weeks in an academic semester. The students were assigned to study either on the stationary bike or at a traditional desk located in the campus library for a minimum of 2 h a week. During the 10 weeks, the students studied for tests or worked on other required academic activities while working at their assigned desk...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535398/nurses-occupational-physical-activity-levels-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Stephanie E Chappel, Simone J J M Verswijveren, Brad Aisbett, Julie Considine, Nicola D Ridgers
BACKGROUND: Nurses' physical performance at work has implications both for nurses' occupational health and patient care. Although nurses are the largest healthcare workforce, are present 24-hours a day, and engage in many physically demanding tasks, nurses' occupational physical activity levels are poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to examine nurses' occupational physical activity levels, and explore how nurses accumulate their physical activity during a shift...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534027/current-concepts-and-unresolved-questions-in-dietary-protein-requirements-and-supplements-in-adults
#18
REVIEW
Stuart M Phillips
Protein needs for otherwise healthy individuals older than 19 years are defined by the recommended dietary allowance (RDA) at 0.80 g protein/kg/day. There is no recommendation in the current RDA for subpopulations of older adults or people in various pathological situations. Despite the lack of a separate recommendation, there exists a growing body of evidence that is strongly suggestive of an increased need and/or benefit for protein in older persons. That is, intakes beyond the RDA are, in older persons, associated with benefits...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532331/is-restlessness-best-understood-as-a-process-reflecting-on-four-boys-restlessness-during-music-therapy-in-kindergarten
#19
Anna Helle-Valle, Per-Einar Binder, Norman Anderssen, Brynjulf Stige
ADHD can be considered an internationally recognized framework for understanding children's restlessness. In this context, children's restlessness is understood as a symptom of neurodevelopmental disorder. However, there are other possible understandings of children's restlessness. In this article, we explore four boys' collaborative and creative process as it is described and understood by three adults. The process is framed by a community music therapy project in a Norwegian kindergarten, and we describe four interrelated phases of this process: Exploring musical vitality and cooperation, Consolidating positions, Performing together, and Discovering ripple effects...
June 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532320/effects-of-light-quality-on-pod-elongation-in-soybean-glycine-max-l-merr-and-cowpea-vigna-unguiculata-l-walp
#20
Seiya Tanaka, Nobuyuki Ario, Andressa Camila Seiko Nakagawa, Yuki Tomita, Naoki Murayama, Takatoshi Taniguchi, Norimitsu Hamaoka, Mari Iwaya-Inoue, Yushi Ishibashi
Soybean pods are located at the nodes, where they are in the shadow, whereas cowpea pods are located outside of the leaves and are exposed to sunlight. To compare the effects of light quality on pod growth in soybean and cowpea, we measured the length of pods treated with white, blue, red or far-red light. In both species, pods elongated faster during the dark period than during the light period in all light treatments except red light treatment in cowpea. Red light significantly suppressed pod elongation in soybean during the dark and light periods...
May 22, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
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