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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074461/acute-appendicitis-during-pregnancy-case-series-of-20-pregnant-women
#1
İlker Murat Arer, Songül Alemdaroğlu, Hasan Yeşilağaç, Hakan Yabanoğlu
BACKGROUND: Acute appendicitis (AA) is the most common cause of acute abdomen during pregnancy. Most of the signs of appendicitis are also found during normal pregnancy period, however, and diagnosis of appendicitis during pregnancy remains challenging. The aim of the current study was to report our clinical experience of AA during pregnancy and investigate optimal management of this difficult situation. METHODS: Records of 20 pregnant women with diagnosis of AA who underwent appendectomy between 2005 and 2015 were included in this study...
November 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072475/safety-of-sulfur-hexafluoride-microbubbles-in-sonography-of-abdominal-and-superficial-organs-retrospective-analysis-of-30-222-cases
#2
Chunlin Tang, Kejing Fang, Yanli Guo, Rui Li, Xiaozhou Fan, Ping Chen, Zhaohui Chen, Qiangwei Liu, Ye Zou
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety of the sulfur hexafluoride microbubble contrast agent SonoVue (Bracco SpA, Milan, Italy) and to implement precautions with the intent of further improving the safety of this contrast agent. METHODS: A total of 30,222 patients undergoing contrast-enhanced sonography of abdominal and superficial organs in our hospital from January 2005 to December 2014 were retrospectively investigated. SonoVue was used as the ultrasound contrast agent...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062078/-coexistence-of-acute-appendicitis-and-dengue-fever-a-case-report
#3
Juan Fidel Osuna-Ramos, Carlos Silva-Gracia, Gerardo Joel Maya-Vacio, Alejandra Romero-Utrilla, Efrén Rafael Ríos-Burgueño, Jesús Salvador Velarde-Félix
BACKGROUND: Dengue is the most important human viral disease transmitted by mosquitoes. It can be asymptomatic or it can present in any of its 3clinical forms: Dengue fever, dengue haemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome. However, some atypical manifestations have been reported in surgical emergencies caused by acute appendicitis in patients with dengue fever. CLINICAL CASE: We report the case of an 18-year-old Mexican male who presented to the emergency department of the General Hospital of Culiacan, Sinaloa, with symptoms of dengue fever, accompanied by crampy abdominal pain with positive Rovsing and Dunphy signs...
January 3, 2017: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052947/primitive-neuroectodermal-tumour-of-the-cervix-a-rare-diagnosis
#4
Irfan Ahmad, Kundan Singh Chufal, Amit Bhargava, Irfan Bashir
A 48-year-old woman presented with symptoms of lower abdominal pain and vaginal discharge for 6 months. Clinical examination and pelvic ultrasound scan suggested a diagnosis of infected Gartner's cyst, for which she underwent vaginal cystectomy. However, histopathology and immunohistochemistry revealed a diagnosis of primitive neuroectodermal tumour of the cervix. Further investigations revealed the stage to be FIGO IIIB, which was inoperable. She received neoadjuvant chemotherapy (vincristine, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide alternating with ifosfamide, cisplatin and etoposide, every 21 days), but the tumour did not respond to treatment and she was started on radiotherapy with definitive intent (55...
January 4, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050442/pancreatic-tuberculosis-a-puzzle-for-physicians-a-rare-case-and-review-of-literature
#5
Prashanth Ashok Kumar, Gursharan Singh, John Biku Joseph, S Swaminathan, L Venkatakrishnan
Pancreatic Tuberculosis is an uncommon form of extra pulmonary tuberculosis that resembles malignancy of pancreas and serve as a diagnostic challenge for physicians. Conservative management with Anti Tuberculosis Therapy (ATT) will suffice for pancreatic tuberculosis whereas a malignancy may require major surgeries which may lead to significant morbidity. Here, we discuss the case of a female patient who presented with abdominal pain and vomiting and is a known case of chronic calcific pancreatitis. Radiological findings were that of malignancy of the pancreas...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048915/su-f-i-29-investigating-the-impact-of-the-amount-of-contrast-material-used-in-abdominal-ct-examinations-regarding-the-diagnosis-of-appendicolith
#6
E Lavdas, N Boci, L Sarantaenna, A Godevenos, I Ntavelis, T Theodoropoulos, G Zaimis, P Mavroidis
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to report the case of a young adult in which the incomplete oral administration of contrast material led to diagnosis of an appendicolith, which cause acute appendicitis. METHODS: A male 34 years old underwent CT examination due to acute abdominal pain in the upper abdomen. An ultrasound examination of the upper abdomen and kidneys, an x-ray examination of the abdomen and a CT scan of the entire abdomen and pelvis after both oral and IV administration of contrast material were performed...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039951/association-of-hospital-resources-and-imaging-choice-for-appendicitis-in-pediatric-emergency-departments
#7
Katherine Fullerton, Holly Depinet, Sujit Iyer, Matt Hall, Sandra Herr, Inge Morton, Timothy Lee, Marlene Melzer-Lange
OBJECTIVE: Abdominal pain and concern for appendicitis are common chief complaints in patients presenting to the pediatric emergency department (PED)(1) . Although many professional organizations recommend decreasing use of CT and choosing ultrasound as first line imaging for pediatric appendicitis, significant variability persists in imaging utilization(2,3,4) . This study investigated practice variation across children's hospitals in the diagnostic imaging evaluation of appendicitis and determined hospital-level characteristics associated with the likelihood of ultrasound as the first imaging modality...
December 31, 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028390/spectrum-of-childhood-and-adolescent-ovarian-tumors-in-india-25-years-experience-at-a-single-institution
#8
Ruchi Rathore, Sonal Sharma, Deepshikha Arora
BACKGROUND: Ovarian tumour in children and adolescent girls form an uncommon but important part of gynaecological malignancies. They account for 1% of all the childhood malignancies and 8% of all abdominal tumours in children. Since the ovarian cysts are thought to arise from mature follicles, these tumours were considered to be infrequent in the paediatric population. AIM: The rarity of this condition prompted us to conduct this study and share our experience on the incidence and clinicopathological features of different ovarian tumours in girls up to 20 years of age observed in last 25 years at a single tertiary care hospital...
December 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017976/acute-abdomen-in-the-17th-week-of-twin-pregnancy-due-to-ovarian-torsion-a-late-complication-of-ivf
#9
D Habek, R Bauman, L Rukavina Kralj, T Hafner, T Turudic, S Vujisic
Background: A 32-year-old woman with tubal factor infertility due to bilateral laparoscopic salpingectomy conceived twins with in vitro fertilization (IVF). She developed moderate ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome which was treated with anticoagulant therapy. The subsequent course of the twin pregnancy was normal until the 17th week of gestation when she presented to hospital because of a sharp pain in the right lower abdomen which ceased after admission. Case: Except for a single incident of vomiting, patient had no other subjective symptoms...
December 2016: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017162/quadratus-lumborum-block-in-chronic-pain-after-abdominal-hernia-repair-case-report
#10
Rita Carvalho, Elena Segura, Maria do Céu Loureiro, José Pedro Assunção
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The quadratus lumborum blockade was described by R. Blanco in its two approaches (I and II). The local anesthetic deposition in this location can provide blockade to T6-L1 dermatomes. We performed this fascia blockade guided by ultrasound for treating a chronic neuropathic pain in the abdominal wall. CASE REPORT: Male patient, 61 years old, 83kg, with a history of thrombocytopenia due to alcoholic cirrhosis, among others; had chronic pain in the abdominal wall after multiple abdominal hernia repairs in the last year and a half, with poor response to treatment with neuromodulators and opioids...
January 2017: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012338/an-unusual-case-of-left-hepatectomy-for-focal-nodular-hyperplasia-fnh-linked-to-the-use-of-anabolic-androgenic-steroids-aass
#11
Angela Romano, Michele Grassia, Giuseppe Esposito, Marianna Petrillo, Modestino Pezzella, Francesco Maria Romano, Francesco Esposito, Francesco Torelli, Natale Di Martino
INTRODUCTION: Focal Nodular Hyperplasia (FNH) is the second most common benign tumor of the liver. Clinically FNH is asymptomatic and discovered incidentally . The pathogenesis is unclear; FNH is usually asymptomatic. When the tumor is large, it may be painful. Surgery is recommended only in the case of complications such as compression of adjacent organs, lesion progression with tumor size >5cm and presence of symptoms. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 30 years old man, was evaluated during a routine visit, for diffuse abdominal pain and weight loss; Abdominal ultrasound showed no evidence of biliary obstruction but the US shows a hypoechoic, well defined focal lesion in the left liver...
November 3, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012333/a-case-report-of-small-bowel-obstruction-from-previously-undiagnosed-lobular-breast-carcinoma-first-in-australian-literature
#12
Adam Thomas Cristaudo, Katherine Jing Zhu
INTRODUCTION: This case report is the first in the Australian literature of a patient, without prior diagnosis, presenting with a bowel obstruction secondary to lobular breast cancer. This highlights a relatively rare cause of bowel obstruction, but also the importance of breast self-examination as a compliment to the current BreastScreen Australia program. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 67-year-old female presented to the Emergency Department with a 48-h history of sharp, constant epigastric pain, vomiting and constipation...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010937/clinical-relevance-of-the-nonvisualized-appendix-on-ultrasonography-of-the-abdomen-in-children
#13
Shireen Anne Nah, Sophie Sihui Ong, Wei Xiang Lim, Sanjena Kumar Amuddhu, Phua Hwee Tang, Yee Low
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical relevance of the nonvisualized appendix on ultrasound imaging in children with right lower quadrant pain. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed 1359 children admitted for abdominal pain between January and December 2013 who had abdominal ultrasound imaging for right lower quadrant pain. Patients who had scans for genitourinary symptoms or intussusception were excluded from the study. When the appendix was not visualized, secondary signs indicating right lower quadrant inflammatory pathology were noted...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007589/rectovaginal-splenosis-an-unexpected-cause-of-dyspareunia-approached-by-laparoscopy
#14
Hélder Ferreira, Cristina Maciel, Alexandre Morgado, António Pereira
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the technique of laparoscopic approach in a rare case of rectovaginal splenosis with severe dyspareunia and dyschesia. DESIGN: A step-by-step explanation of the patient's condition, diagnosis, surgical technique, and postoperative results. SETTING: Splenosis consists of ectopic functioning splenic tissue that can be located anywhere within the abdomen or pelvis. Fragments are often multiple and range in diameter from a few millimeters to a few centimeters...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002229/evaluation-of-ultrasound-assisted-thoracic-epidural-placement-in-patients-undergoing-upper-abdominal-and-thoracic-surgery-a-randomized-double-blind-study
#15
David B Auyong, Lucy Hostetter, Stanley C Yuan, April E Slee, Neil A Hanson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The placement of thoracic epidurals can be technically challenging and requires a thorough understanding of neuraxial anatomy. Although ultrasound imaging of the thoracic spine has been described, no outcome studies on the use of this imaging have been performed. We evaluated whether preprocedural ultrasound of the thoracic spine would facilitate the process of epidural catheterization. METHODS: Subjects undergoing thoracic or upper abdominal surgery with planned thoracic epidural placement at T10 or higher were enrolled in this randomized double-blind study...
December 19, 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999726/acute-tearing-of-the-oblique-abdominal-wall-insertion-onto-the-iliac-crest-in-an-australian-football-player-a-case-report
#16
Myles Murphy, Marshall Stockden, Bill Breidahl
BACKGROUND: Tears of the abdominal obliques have previously been reported in the vicinity of the lower ribs but they have not been reported in the vicinity of the iliac crest. The purpose of this case report is to describe the mechanism of injury and diagnosis of a distal abdominal oblique tear and subsequent rehabilitation programming. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 21-year-old male Australian football player experienced acute right-sided abdominal pain during a game while performing a commonly executed rotation skill...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988341/can-lumbosacral-orthoses-cause-trunk-muscle-weakness-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#17
REVIEW
Fatemeh Azadinia, Esmaeil Ebrahimi Takamjani, Mojtaba Kamyab, Mohamad Parnianpour, Jacek Cholewicki, Nader Maroufi
BACKGROUND: Wearing lumbosacral orthosis (LSO) is one of the most common treatments prescribed for conservative management of low back pain. While the results of randomized controlled trials suggest effectiveness of LSO in reducing pain and disability in these patients, there is a concern that prolonged use of LSO may lead to trunk muscle weakness and atrophy. PURPOSE: The present review aimed to evaluate available evidence in literature to determine whether LSO result in trunk muscle weakness and/or atrophy...
December 14, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982294/boerhaave-syndrome-case-report
#18
Biljana Radovanovic Dinic, Goran Ilic, Snezana Tesic Rajkovic, Tatjana Jevtovic Stoimenov
CONTEXT: Boerhaave syndrome consists of spontaneous longitudinal transmural rupture of the esophagus, usually in its distal part. It generally develops during or after persistent vomiting as a consequence of a sudden increase in intraluminal pressure in the esophagus. It is extremely rare in clinical practice. In 50% of the cases, it is manifested by Mackler's triad: vomiting, lower thoracic pain and subcutaneous emphysema. Hematemesis is an uncommon yet challenging presentation of Boerhaave's syndrome...
December 12, 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965165/suspected-cases-of-cholangiocarcinoma-seen-in-reference-hospitals-in-lao-people-s-democratic-republic
#19
Phonepasong Ayé Soukhathammavong, Youthanavanh Vonghachack, Christoph Hatz, Kongsap Akkhavong, Peter Odermatt
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) poses a significant public health problem in Southeast Asia, with chronic Opisthorchis viverrini infection being the main risk factor. Epidemiological data on CCA is not available for Lao People Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), though there is a high prevalence of O. viverrini infection in the country. A hospital record-based retrospective study was carried out in six referral hospitals (four in the capital city, one in Savannakhet, one in Pakse) to assess the number of suspected CCA cases admitted between January 2006 and December 2010...
December 11, 2016: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956826/nonmotor-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-older-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-is-there-hope
#20
Doina Georgescu, Oana Elena Ancusa, Liviu Andrei Georgescu, Ioana Ionita, Daniela Reisz
Despite the fact that nonmotor symptoms (NMS) like gastrointestinal (GI) complaints are frequently reported in Parkinson's disease (PD), no therapeutic guidelines are available. This study aimed to manage some lower GI-NMS in a group of patients with PD. A total of 40 patients (17 males, 23 females; mean age 76.05±2.09 years) were randomly selected for this study. Patients were confirmed to have PD (modified Hoehn-Yars scale: 2.075±0.4) who had undergone levodopa or dopamine agonist treatment. In the non-motor symptoms questionnaire (NMS-Quest), regarding GI complaints, the following were recorded: abdominal pain, bloating, and constipation of mild-to-moderate severity...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
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