Read by QxMD icon Read

ACR-2 receptors

John Chan, Chao-Sheng Lo, Yixuan Shi, Isabelle Chenier, Shao-Ling Zhang
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate whether overexpression of heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein F (HnRNP F, a transcription factor) in renal proximal tubular cells (RPTCs) prevents systemic hypertension and kidney injury in type 2 diabetic db/db transgenic (Tg) mice and study its underlying mechanism (s) of action. DESIGN AND METHOD: Db/db hnRNP F-Tg mice (BKS strain) were generated by cross-breeding of db/m + mice with Tg mice specifically overexpressing HnRNP F in their RPTCs using kidney-specific androgen-regulated protein promoter (KAP2)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Xiaoguang Xu, Haiyan Huang, Qiang Wang, Ming Cai, Yeyong Qian, Yong Han, Xinying Wang, Yu Gao, Ming Yuan, Liang Xu, Chen Yao, Li Xiao, Bingyi Shi
PURPOSE: IFN-γ is a protypical proinflammatory cytokine that plays a central role in inflammation and acute graft rejection. Accumulating evidence indicates that IFN-γ can exert previously unexpected immunoregulatory activities. However, little is known about the role of IFN-γ secreted by Th1-like regulatory T cells in human kidney transplantation. METHODS: To determine the function of IFN-γ in acute T cell-mediated renal allograft rejection (ACR), we examined serum cytokine expression profiles in ACR patients by human cytokine multiplex immunoassay and analyzed the cellular origins of IFN-γ in peripheral blood and renal allograft biopsies from ACR cases and controls by flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry, respectively...
September 19, 2016: Immunobiology
John Chan, Chao-Sheng Lo, Yixuan Shi, Isabelle Chenier, Shao-Ling Zhang
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate whether overexpression of heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein F (HnRNP F, a transcription factor) in renal proximal tubular cells (RPTCs) prevents systemic hypertension and kidney injury in type 2 diabetic db/db transgenic (Tg) mice and study its underlying mechanism (s) of action. DESIGN AND METHOD: Db/db hnRNP F-Tg mice (BKS strain) were generated by cross-breeding of db/m + mice with Tg mice specifically overexpressing HnRNP F in their RPTCs using kidney-specific androgen-regulated protein promoter (KAP2)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Ya Z Liu, Keqi Wang, Xiang Li, Bin Chen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to provide reasonable guidelines for type II diabetes patients with proteinuria to recover their metabolic parameters. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in selected groups of type 2 diabetic patients. Hypoglycemic and antihypertensive drug use was recorded. Certain physical examinations were conducted including routine urine test, urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR), metabolic parameters of blood glucose and lipid, and other biochemical indicators...
December 2016: Minerva Endocrinologica
Lennart Tonneijck, Mark M Smits, Marcel H A Muskiet, Trynke Hoekstra, Mark H H Kramer, A H Jan Danser, Piet M Ter Wee, Michaela Diamant, Jaap A Joles, Daniël H van Raalte
OBJECTIVE: To investigate effects of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor (DPP-4I) sitagliptin or glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist liraglutide treatment on renal hemodynamics, tubular functions, and markers of renal damage in overweight patients with type 2 diabetes without chronic kidney disease (CKD). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In this 12-week, randomized, double-blind trial, 55 insulin-naïve patients with type 2 diabetes (mean ± SEM: age 63 ± 7 years, BMI 31...
September 1, 2016: Diabetes Care
Y Umezawa, H Nakagawa, H Niiro, K Ootaki
BACKGROUND: Brodalumab (KHK4827) is a human anti-interleukin-17-receptor A monoclonal antibody. In Japanese patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis, brodalumab showed rapid and robust efficacy and a favourable safety profile in a 12-week, phase 2, double-blind, randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of brodalumab, an extension of a phase 2 trial of Japanese patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis was performed...
June 29, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Eric Cuevas, José M Arreola-Guerra, Erick A Hernández-Méndez, Isaac Salcedo, Natalia Castelán, Norma O Uribe-Uribe, Mario Vilatobá, Alan G Contreras-Saldívar, Aczel I Sánchez-Cedillo, Julia B Ramírez, David de Rungs, Julio Granados, Luis E Morales-Buenrostro, Josefina Alberú
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin II type 1 receptor antibodies (AT1Rabs) have been associated with significantly reduced graft survival. Earlier graft loss has been observed in patients who had pretransplant AT1Rabs and posttransplant donor-specific antibodies (DSA). METHODS: The main goal of this retrospective cohort study was to examine the association between AT1Rabs and the time period to detection of de novo human leukocyte antigen (HLA-DSA) posttransplantation in living donor kidney transplant recipients (KTR)...
October 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Y Xiong, S Dong, X Zhao, K J Guo, Laura Gasco, Ivo Zoccarato
To study the effects of polyphenolic extract from involucres of Castanea mollissima Blume ( PICB: ), a novel approach using gene expression by real time polymerase chain reaction ( REAL-TIME PCR: ) coupled with metabolomic profiling technique was established to explain the mechanism of PICB on heat-stressed broiler chicks. Four thousand 28-day-old male Arbor Acres (AA) broilers were randomly assigned to 5 groups (4 replicates / group, 20 chicks / replicate), in which group 1 was normal control group fed with basic ration; groups 2, 3, 4, and 5 were fed with the basic ration with a supplementation of 0...
August 1, 2016: Poultry Science
Jan Menne, Dirk Eulberg, Diana Beyer, Matthias Baumann, Frantisek Saudek, Zsuzsanna Valkusz, Andrzej Więcek, Hermann Haller
BACKGROUND: Emapticap pegol (NOX-E36) is a Spiegelmer(®) that specifically binds and inhibits the pro-inflammatory chemokine C-C motif-ligand 2 (CCL2) (also called monocyte-chemotactic protein 1). The objective of this exploratory study was to evaluate the safety and tolerability as well as the renoprotective and anti-diabetic potential of emapticap in type 2 diabetic patients with albuminuria. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase IIa study was initiated in 75 albuminuric type 2 diabetics...
April 27, 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Seika Takayanagi-Kiya, Yishi Jin
The highly conserved cochaperone DnaJ/Hsp40 family proteins are known to interact with molecular chaperone Hsp70, and can regulate many cellular processes including protein folding, translocation, and degradation. In studies of Caenorhabditis elegans locomotion mutants, we identified a gain-of-function (gf) mutation in dnj-17 closely linked to the widely used e156 null allele of C. elegans GAD (glutamic acid decarboxylase) unc-25 dnj-17 encodes a DnaJ protein orthologous to human DNAJA5. In C. elegans DNJ-17 is a cytosolic protein and is broadly expressed in many tissues...
2016: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Fudan Zheng, Alan P Robertson, Melanie Abongwa, Edward W Yu, Richard J Martin
Soil-transmitted helminth infections in humans and livestock cause significant debility, reduced productivity and economic losses globally. There are a limited number of effective anthelmintic drugs available for treating helminths infections, and their frequent use has led to the development of resistance in many parasite species. There is an urgent need for novel therapeutic drugs for treating these parasites. We have chosen the ACR-16 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor of Ascaris suum (Asu-ACR-16), as a drug target and have developed three-dimensional models of this transmembrane protein receptor to facilitate the search for new bioactive compounds...
April 2016: International Journal for Parasitology, Drugs and Drug Resistance
Charalampos I Liakos, Gregory P Vyssoulis, Maria I Markou, Nikolaos V Kafkas, Konstantinos P Toutouzas, Dimitrios Tousoulis
The purpose of this study was to assess the role of urine α1 -microglobulin as a marker of hypertension-induced renal damage compared with estimated glomerular filtration rate, (eGFR), urine albumin, and urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR). Its response on different blood pressure (BP)-lowering drugs was also studied. Sixty never-treated hypertensive patients (65.0% men, 46.9 years, BP 141.4/94.0 mm Hg) were randomized to an irbesartan (an angiotensin receptor blocker [ARB]) or a diltiazem (a nondihydropyridine calcium channel blocker [CCB])-based regimen...
March 18, 2016: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Ian C Scott, Fowzia Ibrahim, Gemma Simpson, Anna Kowalczyk, Beverley White-Alao, Andrew Hassell, Michael Plant, Selwyn Richards, David Walker, David L Scott
OBJECTIVES: The effectiveness of anakinra (interleukin-1 receptor antagonist) in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is unknown. We evaluated the efficacy of anakinra (combined with methotrexate) in a randomised clinical trial of early active RA patients. METHODS: The Combination Anti-Rheumatic Drugs in Early RA-2 (CARDERA-2) trial was a randomised trial of early (duration <1 year) active RA. Patients were randomised to 12 months of: (1) methotrexate or (2) anakinra-methotrexate...
January 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Ut V Nguyen, Annelies Coddens, Vesna Melkebeek, Bert Devriendt, Tiphanie Goetstouwers, Mario Van Poucke, Luc Peelman, Eric Cox
F4 and/or F18 enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (F4(+)/F18(+) ETEC) are responsible for diarrhea while F18(+) verotoxigenic E. coli (F18(+) VTEC) cause edema disease in pigs. Both infections can result in severe economic losses, which are mainly the result of the medication, growth retardation and mortality. The susceptibility of piglets to these pathogens is determined by the presence of F4 and F18 receptors (F4R and F18R). Understanding the composition of the susceptibility phenotypes of pigs is useful for animal health and breeding management...
January 21, 2016: Veterinary Microbiology
Eng Sing Lee, Wern Ee Tang
INTRODUCTION: Microalbuminuria is an early sign of kidney damage. The prevalence of microalbuminuria in Singapore has been reported to be 36.0%-48.5%. However, the prevalence of microalbuminuria reported in these studies was determined with one urine sample using a qualitative urine test. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of micro- and macroalbuminuria using a more stringent criterion of two positive quantitative urine albumin-creatinine ratio (ACR) tests. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who were followed up at a primary care clinic in Singapore...
December 2015: Singapore Medical Journal
Xiyi Hu, Ardashir Sheikhahmadi, Xianlei Li, Yufeng Wang, Hongchao Jiao, Hai Lin, Bingkun Zhang, Zhigang Song
The effects of dietary Zinc (Zn) supplementation on the gene expression of appetite regulatory peptides were investigated in Salmonella-infected broiler chickens. Broiler chickens (Arbor Acres, 1 day old) were allocated randomly into 24 pens of 10 birds. The chickens from 12 pens were fed with basal diet and the other with basal diet supplemented with Zn (ZnSO4·H2O, 120 mg/kg). At 5 days of age, the chickens were divided into 4 treatments with 6 pens: basal diet; basal diet and Salmonella challenge; Zn-supplemented diet; Zn-supplemented diet and Salmonella challenge...
July 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Rui Xu, Shanmei Sun, Yan Huo, Lin Yun, Shuai Huang, Guohua Li, Suhua Yan
Although angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) belong to a family of therapies that block the renin-angiotensin system and are suggested to improve proteinuria/albuminuria, it is unclear which is more effective. To compare the effects of ACEIs and ARBs on proteinuria in primary hypertension by performing a meta-analysis covering randomized controlled trials (RCTs). We systematically searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from January 1990 to November 2014...
September 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
X F Wang, X D Zhu, Y J Li, Y Liu, J L Li, F Gao, G H Zhou, L Zhang
This experiment was to evaluate the effect of dietary supplementation with creatine monohydrate (CMH) during the finishing period on the muscle lipid peroxidation and antioxidant capacity of broilers that experienced transport stress in summer. A total of 320 male Arbor Acres broilers (28 d in age) were randomly allotted to 3 dietary treatments including a basal control diet without additional CMH (160 birds), or with 600 (80 birds) or 1,200 mg/kg (80 birds) CMH for 14 d. On the morning of d 42, after an 8-h fast, the birds fed the basal diets were divided into 2 equal groups, and all birds in the 4 groups of 80 birds were transported according to the following protocols: 1) a 0...
November 2015: Poultry Science
Kin Pan Au, See-Ching Chan, Kenneth Siu-Ho Chok, William Wei Sharr, Wing-Chiu Dai, Sui-Ling Sin, Tiffany Cho-Lam Wong, Chung-Mau Lo
BACKGROUND: With improvements in survival, liver transplant recipients now suffer more morbidity from long-term immunosuppression. Considerations were given to develop individualized immunosuppression based on their risk of rejection. METHOD: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 788 liver transplants performed during the period from October 1991 to December 2011 to study the relationship between acute cellular rejection (ACR) and various clinical factors. RESULTS: Multivariate analysis showed that older age (P=0...
August 2015: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
Yeong Yi An, Sung Hun Kim, Bong Joo Kang, Chang Suk Park, Na Young Jung, Ji Youn Kim
OBJECTIVE: Early diagnosis of breast cancer in very young women (<30 years) is challenging and the characteristic imaging findings are not yet fully understood. We evaluated the imaging findings of breast cancer in very young women (<30 years) and to correlate them with clinicopathological features. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 50 surgically confirmed breast cancers were included in our retrospective study. The medical records were reviewed and the radiological features were analyzed according to the new 5th edition of the ACR BI-RADS lexicon...
October 2015: European Journal of Radiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"