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Ammonia oxidizing bacteria

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334274/interactive-effects-of-multiple-climate-change-factors-on-ammonia-oxidizers-and-denitrifiers-in-a-temperate-steppe
#1
Cuijing Zhang, Jupei Shen, Yifei Sun, Juntao Wang, Limei Zhang, Zhongling Yang, Hongyan Han, Shiqiang Wan, Jizheng He
Global climate change could have profound effects on belowground microbial communities and subsequently affect soil biogeochemical processes. The interactive effects of multiple co-occurring climate change factors on microbially-mediated processes are not well understood. A four-factorial field experiment with elevated CO2, watering, nitrogen (N) addition and night warming was conducted in a temperate steppe of northern China. Real-time polymerase chain reaction and terminal-restriction fragment length polymorphism, combined with clone library techniques were applied to examine the effects of those climate change factors on N-related microbial abundance and community composition...
March 15, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334116/spatial-and-temporal-variability-in-the-nitrogen-cyclers-of-hypereutrophic-lake-taihu
#2
Lauren E Krausfeldt, Xiangming Tang, Jodie van de Kamp, Guang Gao, Levente Bodrossy, Gregory L Boyer, Steven W Wilhelm
Harmful cyanobacterial blooms (cyanoHABs) are a major threat to freshwater ecosystems worldwide. Evidence suggests that both nitrogen and phosphorus are important nutrients in the development and proliferation of blooms, yet much less is known about nitrogen cycling dynamics in these systems. To assess the potential nitrogen cycling function of the cyanoHAB community, surface water samples were collected in Lake Tai (Taihu), China over a 5-month bloom event in 2014. The expression of six nitrogen cycling genes (nifH, hzsA, nxrB, nrfA, amoA, nosZ) was surveyed using a targeted microarray with probes designed to provide phylogenetic information...
February 23, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334087/microbial-community-structure-and-biodiversity-of-size-fractionated-granules-in-a-partial-nitritation-anammox-process
#3
Jinghuan Luo, Hui Chen, Xiaoyu Han, Yanfang Sun, Zhiguo Yuan, Jianhua Guo
The performance of a granule-based partial nitritation-anammox process is expected to be affected by the granular size distribution, but little is known about impacts of granule sizes on the microbial community structure and diversity. To reveal how the microbial composition and diversity vary with granular sizes, granules from a partial nitritation-anammox reactor were size-fractionated into five classes (i.e. <0.2, 0.2-0.5, 0.5-0.8, 0.8-1.0, >1.0 mm). Microbial communities and diversity in these five size-fractionated granules were investigated using 16S rRNA gene high-throughput sequencing...
February 18, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327080/effect-of-inorganic-carbon-concentration-on-the-stability-and-nitrite-oxidizing-bacteria-community-structure-of-canon-process-in-an-membrane-bioreactor
#4
Xiaojing Zhang, Yue Zhou, Yongpeng Ma, Nan Zhang, Siyu Zhao, Rongrong Zhang, Jun Zhang, Hongzhong Zhang
In completely autotrophic nitrogen removal over nitrite (CANON) process, the nitrite-oxidizing bacteria (NOB) should be effectively suppressed or thoroughly washed out. In this study, the nitrate production and the structure of NOB community under different inorganic carbon (IC) concentrations were investigated using DGGE in an membrane bioreactor (MBR). Results showed that IC decrease correspondingly lowered the nitrogen removal, and simultaneously induced the nitrate production by NOB. DGGE results indicated the IC deficit led to the biodiversity increasing of both Nitrobacter-like NOB and Nitrospira-like NOB...
March 22, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324710/dual-substrate-limitation-modeling-and-implications-for-mainstream-deammonification
#5
Heather A Stewart, Ahmed Al-Omari, Charles Bott, Haydee De Clippeleir, Chunyang Su, Imre Takacs, Bernhard Wett, Arash Massoudieh, Sudhir Murthy
Substrate limitation occurs frequently in wastewater treatment and knowledge about microbial behavior at limiting conditions is essential for the use of biokinetic models in system design and optimization. Monod kinetics are well-accepted for modeling growth rates when a single substrate is limiting, but several models exist for treating two or more limiting substrates simultaneously. In this study three dual limitation models (multiplicative, minimum, and Bertolazzi) were compared based on experiments using nitrite-oxidizing bacteria (limited by dissolved oxygen and nitrite) and ANaerobic AMMonia-OXidizing bacteria or Aanammox (limited by ammonium and nitrite) within mixed liquor from deammonification pilots...
March 9, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324256/legacy-effects-of-simulated-short-term-climate-change-on-ammonia-oxidisers-denitrifiers-and-nitrous-oxide-emissions-in-an-acid-soil
#6
Xiaoya Xu, Xiaorui Liu, Yong Li, Yu Ran, Yapeng Liu, Qichun Zhang, Zheng Li, Yan He, Jianming Xu, Hongjie Di
Although the effect of simulated climate change on nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions and on associated microbial communities has been reported, it is not well understood if these effects are short-lived or long-lasting. Here, we conducted a field study to determine the interactive effects of simulated warmer and drier conditions on nitrifier and denitrifier communities and N2O emissions in an acidic soil and the longevity of the effects. A warmer (+2.3 °C) and drier climate (-7.4% soil moisture content) was created with greenhouses...
March 21, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316352/nitrification-in-activated-sludge-exposed-to-static-magnetic-field
#7
Marcin Zieliński, Agnieszka Cydzik-Kwiatkowska, Magdalena Zielińska, Marcin Dębowski, Paulina Rusanowska, Joanna Kopańska
The study investigated wastewater treatment in an aerobic reactor with activated sludge exposed to static magnetic field (SMF) with mean induction of 8.1 mT. The efficiency of chemical oxygen demand removal was about 90% in a control reactor and an SMF-exposed reactor. Although the nitrification efficiency was higher than 95% in both reactors, the activity of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria was higher in the SMF-exposed reactor. This resulted in shortening of nitrification time to 4 h compared to 8 h in the control reactor...
2017: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296352/the-role-of-inoculum-and-reactor-configuration-for-microbial-community-composition-and-dynamics-in-mainstream-partial-nitritation-anammox-reactors
#8
Shelesh Agrawal, Søren M Karst, Eva M Gilbert, Harald Horn, Per H Nielsen, Susanne Lackner
Implementation of partial nitritation anammox (PNA) in the mainstream (municipal wastewater treatment) is still under investigation. Microbial community structure and reactor type can influence the performance of PNA reactor; yet, little is known about the role of the community composition of the inoculum and the reactor configuration under mainstream conditions. Therefore, this study investigated the community structure of inocula of different origin and their consecutive community dynamics in four different lab-scale PNA reactors with 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing...
March 10, 2017: MicrobiologyOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294196/elucidation-of-major-contributors-involved-in-nitrogen-removal-and-transcription-level-of-nitrogen-cycling-genes-in-activated-sludge-from-wwtps
#9
You Che, Peixin Liang, Ting Gong, Xiangyu Cao, Ying Zhao, Chao Yang, Cunjiang Song
We investigated nitrogen-cycle bacterial communities in activated sludge from 8 municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). Redundancy analyses (RDA) showed that temperature was the most significant driving force in shaping microbial community structure, followed by influent NH4(+) and total nitrogen (TN). The diversity of ammonia oxidizing and nitrite reducing bacteria were investigated by the construction of amoA, nirS and nirK gene clone libraries. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that Thauera and Mesorhizobium were the predominant nitrite reducing bacteria, and Nitrosomonas was the only detected ammonia oxidizing bacteria in all samples...
March 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293807/spatial-abundance-diversity-and-activity-of-ammonia-oxidizing-bacteria-in-coastal-sediments-of-the-liaohe-estuary
#10
Yongkai Chang, Jingfeng Fan, Jie Su, Hongxia Ming, Wen Zhao, Yan Shi, Fengyun Ji, Limei Guo, Shuaijun Zan, Bochao Li, Hao Guo, Daoming Guan
Ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) play an important role in nitrification in estuaries. The aim of this study was to examine the spatial abundance, diversity, and activity of AOB in coastal sediments of the Liaohe Estuary using quantitative PCR, high-throughput sequencing of the amoA gene coding the ammonia monooxygenase enzyme active subunit, and sediment slurry incubation experiments. AOB abundance ranged from 8.54 × 10(4) to 5.85 × 10(6) copies g(-1) of wet sediment weight and exhibited an increasing trend from the Liaohe Estuary to the open coastal zone...
March 14, 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283802/nitrogen-metabolism-genes-from-temperate-marine-sediments
#11
Carolina Reyes, Dominik Schneider, Marko Lipka, Andrea Thürmer, Michael E Böttcher, Michael W Friedrich
In this study, we analysed metagenomes along with biogeochemical profiles from Skagerrak (SK) and Bothnian Bay (BB) sediments, to trace the prevailing nitrogen pathways. NO3(-) was present in the top 5 cm below the sediment-water interface at both sites. NH4(+) increased with depth below 5 cm where it overlapped with the NO3(-) zone. Steady-state modelling of NO3(-) and NH4(+) porewater profiles indicates zones of net nitrogen species transformations. Bacterial protease and hydratase genes appeared to make up the bulk of total ammonification genes...
March 10, 2017: Marine Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281565/changes-in-land-use-driven-by-urbanization-impact-nitrogen-cycling-and-the-microbial-community-composition-in-soils
#12
Haitao Wang, Christopher W Marshall, Minying Cheng, Huijuan Xu, Hu Li, Xiaoru Yang, Tianling Zheng
Transition of populations from rural to urban living causes landscape changes and alters the functionality of soil ecosystems. It is unclear how this urbanization disturbs the microbial ecology of soils and how the disruption influences nitrogen cycling. In this study, microbial communities in turfgrass-grown soils from urban and suburban areas around Xiamen City were compared to microbial communities in the soils from rural farmlands. The potential N2O emissions, potential denitrification activity, and abundances of denitrifiers were higher in the rural farmland soils compared with the turfgrass soils...
March 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272030/biomass-aggregation-influences-nan3-short-term-effects-on-anammox-bacteria-activity
#13
A Pedrouso, A Val Del Río, J L Campos, R Méndez, A Mosquera-Corral
The main bottleneck to maintain the long-term stability of the partial nitritation-anammox processes, especially those operated at low temperatures and nitrogen concentrations, is the undesirable development of nitrite oxidizing bacteria (NOB). When this occurs, the punctual addition of compounds with the capacity to specifically inhibit NOB without affecting the process efficiency might be of interest. Sodium azide (NaN3) is an already known NOB inhibitor which at low concentrations does not significantly affect the ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB) activity...
March 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249125/abundance-and-diversity-of-ammonia-oxidizing-archaea-and-bacteria-in-the-rhizosphere-soil-of-three-plants-in-the-ebinur-lake-wetland
#14
Yuan He, Wenge Hu, Decao Ma, Hongzhu Lan, Yang Yang, Yan Gao
Ammonia oxidation is carried out by ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and ammonia oxidizing archaea (AOA). The Ebinur Lake wetland is the best example of a temperate arid zone wetland ecosystem in China. Soil samples were collected from rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere soil containing Halocnemum strobilaceum (H and H'), Phragmites australis (R and R'), and Kareliniacaspia (K and K') to study the relationship between environmental factors and the community structure of AOB and AOA. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the AOA sequences belonged to the Nitrosopumilus and Nitrososphaera clusters...
March 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248010/effects-of-ferrous-iron-on-the-performance-and-microbial-community-in-aerobic-granular-sludge-in-relation-to-nutrient-removal
#15
Gulsum Yilmaz, Ender Cetin, Umit Bozkurt, Karin Aleksanyan Magden
Lab-scale experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of ferrous iron on nutrient removal performance and variations in the microbial community inside aerobic granular sludge for 408 days. Two reactors were simultaneously operated, one without added ferrous iron (SBR1), and one with 10 mg Fe(2+) L(-1) of added ferrous iron (SBR2). 1 mg Fe(2+) L(-1) of added ferrous iron was applied to SBR1 starting from the 191(st) day to observe the resulting variations in the nutrient removal performance and the microbial community...
March 1, 2017: Biotechnology Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245966/immobilization-of-ammonia-oxidizing-bacteria-by-polyvinyl-alcohol-and-sodium-alginate
#16
Yuwei Dong, Yanqiu Zhang, Baojun Tu
Ammonia-oxidizing bacteria were immobilized by polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and sodium alginate. The immobilization conditions and ammonia oxidation ability of the immobilized bacteria were investigated. The following immobilization conditions were observed to be optimal: PVA, 12%; sodium alginate, 1.1%; calcium chloride, 1.0%; inoculum concentration, 1.3 immobilized balls/mL of immobilized medium; pH, 10; and temperature, 30°C. The immobilized ammonia-oxidizing bacteria exhibited strong ammonia oxidation ability even after being recycled four times...
February 15, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244031/partial-nitritation-of-stored-source-separated-urine-by-granular-activated-sludge-in-a-sequencing-batch-reactor
#17
Liping Chen, Xiaoxiao Yang, Xiujun Tian, Song Yao, Jiuyi Li, Aimin Wang, Qian Yao, Dangcong Peng
The combination of partial nitritation (PN) and anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) has been proposed as an ideal process for nitrogen removal from source-separated urine, while the high organic matters in urine cause instability of single-stage PN-anammox process. This study aims to remove the organic matters and partially nitrify the nitrogen in urine, producing an ammonium/nitrite solution suitable for anammox. The organic matters in stored urine were used as the electron donors to achieve 40% total nitrogen removal in nitritation-denitrification process in a sequencing batch reactor (SBR)...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228236/inhibition-of-an-enriched-culture-of-ammonia-oxidizing-bacteria-by-two-different-nanoparticles-silver-and-magnetite
#18
Camila Michels, Simone Perazzoli, Hugo M Soares
Metal and metal oxide nanoparticles are getting attention over the past years. They can be used to several purposes, especially in commercial and medical applications. Undoubtedly, this lead to higher production and, consequently, increasing the risks of exposition, once they can be released into environment without a proper control. However, their impact over the bacteria present in wastewater treatment plants (WWTP), manly over nitrifying bacteria, which are the most susceptible to toxic compounds, are still not very well established...
May 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222375/on-site-nutrient-recovery-and-removal-from-source-separated-urine-by-phosphorus-precipitation-and-short-cut-nitrification-denitrification
#19
Song Yao, Liping Chen, Detian Guan, Zhongguo Zhang, Xiujun Tian, Aimin Wang, Guotian Wang, Qian Yao, Dangcong Peng, Jiuyi Li
Source separation and treatment of human urine have been recognized as a resource-efficient alternative to conventional urban drainage, not only reducing nutrient loads on municipal wastewater treatment plants, but recovering valuable resources from waste streams. In this work, on-site phosphorus (P) recovery from real urine was carried out by using the brine from a reverse osmosis process as the flush water for urine-diverting toilets and a P precipitant, while nitrogen (N) was removed via short-cut nitrification-denitrification (SCND) in a membrane bioreactor (MBR)...
May 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214440/achieving-short-cut-nitrification-and-denitrification-in-modified-intermittently-aerated-constructed-wetland
#20
Jie Hou, Ling Xia, Tao Ma, Yiqing Zhang, Yiyong Zhou, Xugang He
This study aim to enhance nitrogen removal performance via shifting nitrogen removal pathway from nitrate to nitrite pathway. It was demonstrated that nitrite pathway was successfully and stably achieved in CWs by using modified intermittent aeration control with aeration 20min/non-aeration 100min and reducing DO concentration during aeration, nitrite in the effluent could accumulate to over 70% of the total oxidized nitrogen. Q-PCR analysis showed that nitrifying microbial communities were optimized under the alternating anoxic and aerobic conditions, ammonia oxidizing bacteria increased from 7...
February 10, 2017: Bioresource Technology
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