Read by QxMD icon Read

Ammonia oxidizing bacteria

Yu-Lian Huang, Zhao-Yong Sun, Xiao-Zhong Zhong, Ting-Ting Wang, Li Tan, Yue-Qin Tang, Kenji Kida
Digested residue remained at the end of a process for the production of fuel ethanol and methane from kitchen garbage. To develop a zero-emission process, the compostability of the digested residue was assessed to obtain an added-value fertilizer. Composting of the digested residue by adding matured compost and a bulking agent was performed using a lab-scale composting reactor. The composting process showed that volatile total solid (VTS) degradation mainly occurred during the first 13days, and the highest VTS degradation efficiency was about 27% at the end...
January 12, 2017: Waste Management
Bradley Young, Robert Delatolla, Kevin Kennedy, Edith Laflamme, Alain Stintzi
This study aims to investigate post carbon removal moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) nitrification through the transition from 20 °C to 1 °C and during through long term operation at 1 °C. Four pilot nitrifying MBBR reactors were operated at various ammonia loading rates to elucidate the temperature effects on ammonia removal rates, cell viability and bacterial communities. The transition from 20 °C to 1 °C and during long term operation at 1 °C were modeled using Arrhenius temperature correction coefficients...
January 5, 2017: Water Research
Chao Wang, Sitong Liu, Xiaochen Xu, Chuanqi Zhao, Fenglin Yang, Dong Wang
The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) on the coupling effects between ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and anaerobic ammonium-oxidizing (anammox) bacteria for the completely autotrophic nitrogen removal over nitrite (CANON) biofilm formation in a moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR). Analysis of the quantity of EPS and cyclic diguanylate (c-di-GMP) confirmed that the contents of polysaccharides and c-di-GMP were correlated in the AOB sludge, anammox sludge, and CANON biofilm...
January 11, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Junkang Wu, Huijie Lu, Guangcan Zhu, Lianghui Chen, Yan Chang, Ran Yu
The ZnO nanoparticle (NP) effects on typical ammonia-oxidizing bacteria, Nitrosomonas europaea in a chemostat bioreactor, and the cells' toxicity adaptation and recovery potentials were explored. Hardly any inhibition was observed when the NP concentration was high up to 10 mg/L. The cells exposed to 50 mg/L ZnO NPs displayed time-dependent impairment and recovery potentials in terms of cell density, membrane integrity, nitrite production rate, and ammonia monooxygenase activity. The 6-h NP stress impaired cells were nearly completely restored during a 12-h recovery incubation, while the longer exposure time would cause irretrievable cell damage...
January 10, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Masahito Hayatsu, Kanako Tago, Ikuo Uchiyama, Atsushi Toyoda, Yong Wang, Yumi Shimomura, Takashi Okubo, Futoshi Kurisu, Yuhei Hirono, Kunihiko Nonaka, Hiroko Akiyama, Takehiko Itoh, Hideto Takami
Nitrification, the microbial oxidation of ammonia to nitrate via nitrite, occurs in a wide range of acidic soils. However, the ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) that have been isolated from soil to date are acid-sensitive. Here we report the isolation and characterization of an acid-adapted AOB from an acidic agricultural soil. The isolated AOB, strain TAO100, is classified within the Gammaproteobacteria based on phylogenetic characteristics. TAO100 can grow in the pH range of 5-7.5 and survive in highly acidic conditions until pH 2 by forming cell aggregates...
January 10, 2017: ISME Journal
Shanyun Wang, Dirk Radny, Shuangbing Huang, Linjie Zhuang, Siyan Zhao, Michael Berg, Mike S M Jetten, Guibing Zhu
Anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) is recognized as an important process for nitrogen cycling, yet little is known about its role in the subsurface biosphere. In this study, we investigated the presence, abundance, and role of anammox bacteria in upland soil cores from Tianjin, China (20 m depth) and Basel, Switzerland (10 m depth), using isotope-tracing techniques, (q)PCR assays, and 16 S rRNA &hzsB gene clone libraries, along with nutrient profiles of soil core samples. Anammox in the phreatic (water-saturated) zone contributed to 37...
January 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
Jiale Wang, Benzhou Gong, Wei Huang, Yingmu Wang, Jian Zhou
A simultaneous nitrification, denitrification and organic matter removal (SNDOR) process in sequencing batch biofilm reactor (SBBR) was established to treat saline mustard tuber wastewater (MTWW) in this study. An average COD removal efficiency of 86.48% and total nitrogen removal efficiency of 86.48% were achieved at 30gNaClL(-1) during 100days' operation. The underlying mechanisms were investigated by PacBio SMRT DNA sequencing (V1-V9) to analyze the microbial community structures and its variation from low salinity at 10gNaClL(-1) to high salinity at 30gNaClL(-1)...
December 23, 2016: Bioresource Technology
Giorgio Matassi
BACKGROUND: Rh50 proteins belong to the family of ammonia permeases together with their Amt/MEP homologs. Ammonia permeases increase the permeability of NH3/NH4(+) across cell membranes and are believed to be involved in excretion of toxic ammonia and in the maintenance of pH homeostasis. RH50 genes are widespread in eukaryotes but absent in land plants and fungi, and remarkably rare in prokaryotes. The evolutionary history of RH50 genes in prokaryotes is just beginning to be unveiled...
January 3, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
MinJeong Kim, Guangxue Wu, ChangKyoo Yoo
A modified AOB-NOB-N2O-SMP model able to quantify nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions and soluble microbial product (SMP) production during wastewater treatment is proposed. The modified AOB-NOB-N2O-SMP model takes into account: (1) two-step nitrification by ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and nitrite-oxidizing bacteria (NOB), (2) N2O production by AOB denitrification under oxygen-limited conditions and (3) SMP production by microbial growth and endogenous respiration. Validity of the modified model is demonstrated by comparing the simulation results with experimental data from lab-scale sequencing batch reactors (SBRs)...
March 2017: Bioresource Technology
Anna Laura Eusebi, Diego Cingolani, Matteo Spinelli, Giorgio Passserini, Stefano Carletti, Paolo Battistoni
N2O emission was studied in a continuous process via nitrite for real urban wastewater treatment. The relationship between the gaseous forms and the liquid kinetic rates of nitritation and denitritation was investigated. N2O mass load and global nitrogen mass balance were quantified. The emission factor of the N2O (gN2Oemitted/kg mixed liquor volatile suspended solids [MLVSS]/d) was calculated. Incrementing the nitritation rate permits the reduction of N2O emission by 78%. Instead, an N2O decrease of 93% was observed by increasing the denitritation velocity...
December 2016: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Anne E Taylor, Andrew T Giguere, Conor M Zoebelein, David D Myrold, Peter J Bottomley
Soil nitrification potential (NP) activities of ammonia-oxidizing archaea and bacteria (AOA and AOB, respectively) were evaluated across a temperature gradient (4-42 °C) imposed upon eight soils from four different sites in Oregon and modeled with both the macromolecular rate theory and the square root growth models to quantify the thermodynamic responses. There were significant differences in response by the dominant AOA and AOB contributing to the NPs. The optimal temperatures (Topt) for AOA- and AOB-supported NPs were significantly different (P<0...
December 20, 2016: ISME Journal
Yifeng Xu, Zhiguo Yuan, Bing-Jie Ni
This work evaluates the biodegradation of the antiviral drug acyclovir by an enriched nitrifying culture during ammonia oxidation and without the addition of ammonium. The study on kinetics was accompanied with the structural elucidation of biotransformation products through batch biodegradation experiments at two different initial levels of acyclovir (15 mg L(-1) and 15 μg L(-1)). The pseudo first order kinetic studies of acyclovir in the presence of ammonium indicated the higher degradation rates under higher ammonia oxidation rates than those constant degradation rates in the absence of ammonium...
March 2017: Chemosphere
Li Yun, Zheng Zhaoming, Li Jun, Zhao Baihang, Bian Wei, Zhang Yanzhuo, Wang Xiujie
The present study reports the inhibition kinetics and granular sludge in an anaerobic ammonium oxidation (ANAMMOX) - up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor fed with diluted mature landfill leachate. The activity of ANAMMOX bacteria was inhibited by addition of mature landfill leachate, but gradually adapted to the leachate. The system achieved efficient nitrogen removal during 65-75 d and the average removal efficiencies for NH4(+)-N, NO2(-)-N and total nitrogen (TN) were 96%, 95% and 87%, respectively. ANAMMOX was the main pathway of nitrogen removal in the system, and heterotrophic denitrification occurred simultaneously...
December 2016: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Corey J White, Nicolai Lehnert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Junya Zhang, Yuanyue Wang, Dawei Yu, Juan Tong, Meixue Chen, Qianwen Sui, BuHe ChuLu, Yuansong Wei
Global warming effects have drawn more and more attention to studying all sources and sinks of nitrous oxide (N2O). Sludge bio-drying, as an effective sludge treatment technology, is being adopted worldwide. In this study, two aeration strategies (piles I and II) were compared to investigate the primary contributors to N2O emission during sludge bio-drying through studying the evolution of functional genes involved in nitrification (amoA, hao, and nxrA) and denitrification (narG, nirS, nirK, norB, and nosZ) by quantitative PCR (qPCR)...
December 10, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Jing-Feng Gao, Xiao-Yan Fan, Kai-Ling Pan, Hong-Yu Li, Li-Xin Sun
Increasing ammonia emissions could exacerbate air pollution caused by fine particulate matter (PM2.5). Therefore, it is of great importance to investigate ammonia oxidation in PM2.5. This study investigated the diversity, abundance and activity of ammonia oxidizing archaea (AOA), ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and complete ammonia oxidizers (Comammox) in PM2.5 collected in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei megalopolis, China. Nitrosopumilus subcluster 5.2 was the most dominant AOA. Nitrosospira multiformis and Nitrosomonas aestuarii were the most dominant AOB...
December 12, 2016: Scientific Reports
Jian-Gong Wang, Fei Xia, Jemaneh Zeleke, Bin Zou, Sung-Keun Rhee, Zhe-Xue Quan
The copper-containing membrane-bound monooxygenase (CuMMO) family comprises key enzymes for methane or ammonia oxidation: particulate methane monooxygenase (PMMO) and ammonia monooxygenase (AMO). To comprehensively amplify CuMMO genes, a two-step PCR strategy was developed using a newly designed tagged highly degenerate primer (THDP; degeneracy = 4608). Designated THDP-PCR, the technique consists of primary CuMMO gene-specific PCR followed by secondary PCR with a tag as a single primer. No significant bias in THDP-PCR amplification was found using various combinations of template mixtures of pmoA and amoA genes, which encode key subunits of the pMMO and AMO enzymes, respectively, from different microbes...
March 2017: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
Soe Myat Thandar, Norisuke Ushiki, Hirotsugu Fujitani, Yuji Sekiguchi, Satoshi Tsuneda
Ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB), which oxidize ammonia to nitrite in the first step of nitrification, play an important role in biological wastewater treatment systems. Nitrosomonas mobilis is an important and dominant AOB in various wastewater treatment systems. However, the detailed physiological and genomic properties of N. mobilis have not been thoroughly investigated because of limited success isolating pure cultures. This study investigated the key physiological characteristics of N. mobilis Ms1, which was previously isolated into pure culture from the nitrifying granules of wastewater treatment bioreactor...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Liwei Wang, Cheng Wang, Zhihua Pan, Hui Xu, Lin Gao, Peiyi Zhao, Zhiqiang Dong, Jingting Zhang, Guohui Cui, Sen Wang, Guolin Han, Hui Zhao
Representing an important greenhouse gas, nitrous oxide (N2O) emission from cultivated land is a hot topic in current climate change research. This study examined the influences of nitrogen fertilisation, temperature and soil moisture on the ammonia monooxygenase subunit A (amoA) gene copy numbers and N2O emission characteristics. The experimental observation of N2O fluxes was based on the static chamber-gas chromatographic method. The ammonia-oxidising bacteria (AOB) and ammonia-oxidising archaea (AOA) gene copy numbers in different periods were measured by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
December 3, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
Verónica Molina, Klaudia Hernández, Cristina Dorador, Yoanna Eissler, Martha Hengst, Vilma Pérez, Chris Harrod
Microbial communities inhabiting high-altitude spring ecosystems are subjected to extreme changes in solar irradiance and temperature throughout the diel cycle. Here, using 16S rRNA gene tag pyrosequencing (cDNA) we determined the composition of actively transcribing bacteria from spring waters experimentally exposed through the day (morning, noon, and afternoon) to variable levels of solar radiation and light quality, and evaluated their influence on nutrient recycling. Solar irradiance, temperature, and changes in nutrient dynamics were associated with changes in the active bacterial community structure, predominantly by Cyanobacteria, Verrucomicrobia, Proteobacteria, and 35 other Phyla, including the recently described Candidate Phyla Radiation (e...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"