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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545245/multimodal-bio-inspired-tactile-sensing-module-for-surface-characterization
#1
Thiago Eustaquio Alves de Oliveira, Ana-Maria Cretu, Emil M Petriu
Robots are expected to recognize the properties of objects in order to handle them safely and efficiently in a variety of applications, such as health and elder care, manufacturing, or high-risk environments. This paper explores the issue of surface characterization by monitoring the signals acquired by a novel bio-inspired tactile probe in contact with ridged surfaces. The tactile module comprises a nine Degree of Freedom Microelectromechanical Magnetic, Angular Rate, and Gravity system (9-DOF MEMS MARG) and a deep MEMS pressure sensor embedded in a compliant structure that mimics the function and the organization of mechanoreceptors in human skin as well as the hardness of the human skin...
May 23, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544168/presurgical-language-fmri-mapping-of-six-critical-regions
#2
Christopher F Benjamin, Patricia D Walshaw, Kayleigh Hale, William D Gaillard, Leslie C Baxter, Madison M Berl, Monika Polczynska, Stephanie Noble, Rafeed Alkawadri, Lawrence J Hirsch, Todd C Constable, Susan Y Bookheimer
Language mapping is a key goal in neurosurgical planning. fMRI mapping typically proceeds with a focus on Broca's and Wernicke's areas, although multiple other language-critical areas are now well-known. We evaluated whether clinicians could use a novel approach, including clinician-driven individualized thresholding, to reliably identify six language regions, including Broca's Area, Wernicke's Area (inferior, superior), Exner's Area, Supplementary Speech Area, Angular Gyrus, and Basal Temporal Language Area...
May 23, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544050/total-synthesis-of-%C3%A2-waihoensene
#3
Hee-Yoon Lee, Hongsoo Lee, Taek Kang
The first total synthesis of waihoensene, a tetracyclic diterpene containing an angular triquinane and a six-membered ring, with four contiguous quaternary carbon atoms, was achieved through the tandem cycloaddition reaction of an allenyl diazo substrate containing a six-membered ring via trimethylenemethane (TMM) diyl intermediate.
May 23, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543791/the-association-between-eccentric-hip-abduction-strength-and-hip-and-knee-angular-movements-in-recreational-male-runners-an-explorative-study
#4
René B K Brund, Sten Rasmussen, Rasmus O Nielsen, Uwe G Kersting, Uffe Laessoe, Michael Voigt
Weak hip abductors may be related with increased hip adduction and knee abduction angular movement, which may be risk factors of lower extremity injuries. Since the role of eccentric hip abduction strength (EHAS) on hip adduction angular movement and the knee abduction angular movement (KABD) remains unclear and the purpose of the present study was to explore the association between EHAS and hip- and knee angular movement. In 100 healthy male recreational runners, EHAS was quantified using an isokinetic dynamometer, while hip- and knee angular movement were collected using pressure sensitive treadmill and Codamotion active marker system...
May 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543062/an-adaptive-vestibular-rehabilitation-technique
#5
Benjamin T Crane, Michael C Schubert
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: There is a large variation in vestibular rehabilitation (VR) results depending on type of therapy, adherence, and the appropriateness for the patient's level of function. A novel adaptive vestibular rehabilitation (AVR) program was developed and evaluated. STUDY DESIGN: Technology and procedure development, and prospective multicenter trial. METHODS: Those with complete unilateral vestibular hypofunction and symptomatic at least 3 months with a Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) >30 were eligible...
May 23, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541907/compact-highly-efficient-and-fully-flexible-circularly-polarized-antenna-enabled-by-silver-nanowires-for-wireless-body-area-networks
#6
Zhi Hao Jiang, Zheng Cui, Taiwei Yue, Yong Zhu, Douglas H Werner
A compact and flexible circularly polarized (CP) wearable antenna is introduced for wireless body-area network systems at the 2.4 GHz industrial, scientific, and medical (ISM) band, which is implemented by employing a low-loss composite of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and silver nanowires (AgNWs). The circularly polarized radiation is enabled by placing a planar linearly polarized loop monopole above a finite anisotropic artificial ground plane. By truncating the anisotropic artificial ground plane to contain only 2 by 2 unit cells, an integrated antenna with a compact form factor of 0...
May 23, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541896/solving-inaccuracies-in-anatomical-models-for-electrocardiographic-inverse-problem-resolution-by-maximizing-reconstruction-quality
#7
Miguel Rodrigo, Andreu Climent, Alejandro Liberos, Ismael Hernandez-Romero, Angel Arenal, Javier Bermejo, Francisco Fernandez-Aviles, Felipe Atienza, Maria Guillem
Electrocardiographic Imaging (ECGI) has become an increasingly used technique for non-invasive diagnosis of cardiac arrhythmias, although the need for medical imaging technology to determine the anatomy hinders its introduction in the clinical practice. This work explores the ability of a new metric based on the inverse reconstruction quality for the location and orientation of the atrial surface inside the torso. Body surface electrical signals from 31 realistic mathematical models and four AF patients were used to estimate the optimal position of the atria inside the torso...
May 23, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541353/pendant-chain-engineering-to-fine-tune-the-nanomorphologies-and-solid-state-luminescence-of-naphthalimide-aieegens-application-to-phenolic-nitro-explosive-detection-in-water
#8
Niranjan Meher, Parameswar Krishnan Iyer
Strategically, a series of five angular "V" shaped naphthalimide AIEEgens with varying pendant chains (butyl, hexyl, octyl, cyclohexyl and methylcyclohexyl) have been synthesized to fine-tune their nanomorphological and photophysical properties. With similar aromatic cores and electronic states, unexpected tuning of the condensed state emission colors and nanomorphologies (reproducible on any kind of surface) of naphthalimides has been achieved for the first time simply by varying their side chains. Conclusive analysis by various spectroscopic techniques (SC-XRD, powder-XRD, DLS, FESEM) and DFT computational studies confirmed the full control of the pendant chain (in terms of bulkiness around the naphthalimide core, which restricts the ease of intermolecular π-π interactions) over the nanoaggregate morphology and solid state emissive properties of the AIEEgens; this can be rationalized to all aggregation-prone systems...
May 25, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541020/application-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-before-inferior-vena-cava-filter-recovery
#9
Ji-Ping Yan, Wei-Qin Li, Zhen-Feng Wang, Bian-Lian Guo
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the clinical value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEU) before temporary inferior vena cava filter (IVCF) recovery in patients with deep venous thrombosis, in order to provide ultrasound signs for the recovery of IVCF in clinical practice. METHODS: The CEU manifestations of patients with deep vein thrombosis before temporary IVCF recovery were retrospectively analyzed. With the manifestations of digital subtraction angiography (DSA) or results of the surgical recovery of IVCF as the standard, the detection rate of a thrombus in IVCF was compared between conventional ultrasound and CEU; and the role of CEU in detecting complications of IVCF was analyzed...
May 24, 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540816/numerical-evaluation-of-the-effect-of-electronically-steering-a-phased-array-transducer-axially-post-focal-shifting
#10
Mingjun Wang, Yufeng Zhou
PURPOSE: HIFU has been emerging as an effective and safe modality for the treatment of solid tumours and cancers. The focus shifting range of phased array HIFU transducer is an important safety concern because of the presence of grating lobe in the pre-focal region. However, previous studies were only based on linear acoustic wave model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The nonlinear wave propagation from a 256-element phased array through multiple layered media was simulated using the angular spectrum approach (ASA) in marching fractional steps with the consideration of diffraction, attenuation and non-linearity effects by a second-order operator splitting scheme...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540731/strain-mediated-coexistence-of-volatile-and-non-volatile-converse-magnetoelectric-effects-in-fe-pb-mg1-3nb2-3-0-7ti0-3o3-heterostructure
#11
Sen Zhang, Qianping Chen, Yan Liu, Aitian Chen, Lifeng Yang, Peisen Li, Zhou Shi Ming, Yi Yu, Wen Sun, Xiaozhong Zhang, Yuelei Zhao, Young Sun, Yonggang Zhao
Strain-mediated ferromagnetic/ferroelectric heterostructures have played an important role among the multiferroic materials to investigate the electric-field control of magnetism in the past decade, owing to their excellent performances such as room temperature operation and large magnetoelectric coupling effect. Due to the different ferroelectric-switching-originated strain behaviors and varied interfacial coupling effect, both loop-like (non-volatile) and butterfly-like (volatile) converse magnetoelectric effects have been reported...
May 25, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539633/ultrashort-vortex-from-a-gaussian-pulse-an-achromatic-interferometric-approach
#12
Dinesh N Naik, Nabil A Saad, D Narayana Rao, Nirmal K Viswanathan
The more than a century old Sagnac interferometer is put to first of its kind use to generate an achromatic single-charge vortex equivalent to a Laguerre-Gaussian beam possessing orbital angular momentum (OAM). The interference of counter-propagating polychromatic Gaussian beams of beam waist ωλ with correlated linear phase (ϕ 0  ≥ 0.025 λ) and lateral shear (y 0  ≥ 0.05 ωλ) in orthogonal directions is shown to create a vortex phase distribution around the null interference. Using a wavelength-tunable continuous-wave laser the entire range of visible wavelengths is shown to satisfy the condition for vortex generation to achieve a highly stable white-light vortex with excellent propagation integrity...
May 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539602/effect-of-excitation-power-on-voltage-induced-local-magnetization-dynamics-in-an-ultrathin-cofeb-film
#13
Bivas Rana, Yasuhiro Fukuma, Katsuya Miura, Hiromasa Takahashi, YoshiChika Otani
Voltage or electric field induced magnetization dynamics promises low power spintronics devices. For successful operation of some spintronics devices such as magnetic oscillators and magnetization switching devices a clear understanding of nonlinear magnetization dynamics is required. Here, we report a detailed experimental and micromagnetic simulation study about the effect of excitation power on voltage induced local magnetization dynamics in an ultrathin CoFeB film. Experimental results show that the resonance line-width and frequency remains constant, whereas cone angle of the magnetization precession increases linearly with square-root of excitation power below threshold value, known as linear excitation regime...
May 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539149/mobility-and-agility-during-locomotion-in-the-mark-iii-space-suit
#14
Conor R Cullinane, Richard A Rhodes, Leia A Stirling
INTRODUCTION: The Mark III (MIII) space suit assembly (SSAs) implements a multibearing, hard-material hip brief assembly (HBA). We hypothesize that: 1) the MIII HBA restricts operator mobility and agility which manifests in effects to gait parameters; 2) the waist bearing provides rotational motion, partially alleviating the restrictions; and 3) there are resistive, speed-dependent torques associated with the spinning bearings which further diminish mobility and agility. METHODS: A subject (Suited and Unsuited) performed two planetary tasks-walking forward (WF) and backward (WB)...
June 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538978/the-characteristics-of-deep-optic-nerve-head-morphology-in-myopic-normal-tension-glaucoma
#15
Jong Chul Han, Eun Jung Lee, Si Bum Kim, Changwon Kee
Purpose: To investigate the relationship between axial length (AL) and deep optic nerve head (ONH) structure and to evaluate the characteristics of deep ONH structures in myopic normal tension glaucoma (NTG). Methods: The following parameters were assessed using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT): externally oblique border tissue (EOBT) length, ONH tilt angle, optic canal (OC) obliqueness, and β-zone peripapillary atrophy (PPA). In addition, the angular location of the maximal value of each parameter and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) defect were measured using infrared and red-free photos...
May 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538731/a-neural-circuit-architecture-for-angular-integration-in-drosophila
#16
Jonathan Green, Atsuko Adachi, Kunal K Shah, Jonathan D Hirokawa, Pablo S Magani, Gaby Maimon
Many animals keep track of their angular heading over time while navigating through their environment. However, a neural-circuit architecture for computing heading has not been experimentally defined in any species. Here we describe a set of clockwise- and anticlockwise-shifting neurons in the Drosophila central complex whose wiring and physiology provide a means to rotate an angular heading estimate based on the fly's angular velocity. We show that each class of shifting neurons exists in two subtypes, with spatiotemporal activity profiles that suggest different roles for each subtype at the start and end of tethered-walking turns...
May 22, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538555/the-anatomy-of-the-facial-vein-implications-for-plastic-reconstructive-and-aesthetic-procedures
#17
Sebastian Cotofana, Hanno Steinke, Alexander Schlattau, Markus Schlager, Jonathan M Sykes, Malcolm Z Roth, Alexander Gaggl, Riccardo E Giunta, Robert H Gotkin, Thilo L Schenck
BACKGROUND: Anatomical knowledge of the facial vasculature is crucial for successful plastic, reconstructive, and minimally invasive procedures of the face. Whereas the majority of previous investigations focused on facial arteries, the precise course, variability, and relationship with adjacent structures of the facial vein have been widely neglected. METHODS: Seventy-two fresh frozen human cephalic cadavers (32 male and 40 female cadavers; mean age, 75.2 ± 10...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538516/left-lateralization-of-resting-state-functional-connectivity-between-the-presupplementary-motor-area-and-primary-language-areas
#18
William Lou, Kyung K Peck, Nicole Brennan, Arka Mallela, Andrei Holodny
An abundance of evidence points to the role of a presupplementary motor area (pre-SMA) in human language. This study explores the pre-SMA resting state connectivity network and the nature of its connections to known language areas. We tested the hypothesis that by seeding the pre-SMA, one would be able to establish language laterality to known cortical and subcortical language areas. We analyzed data from 30 right-handed healthy controls and performed the resting state functional MRI. A seed-based analysis using a manually drawn pre-SMA region of interest template was applied...
May 19, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538289/a-three-dimensional-analysis-of-the-fracture-planes-in-pediatric-lateral-humeral-condyle-fractures-for-image-based-pin-positioning-during-fixation
#19
Do Young Park, Jae Ho Cho, Doo-Hyung Lee, Wan-Sun Choi, Jun Young Bang, Xiang Yun Yin
OBJECTIVE: To determine the 3 dimensional morphology of pediatric lateral condylar physeal fractures using 3-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) and to identify optimal pin positions for percutaneous pinning. DESIGN: Prospective case series of consecutively treated patients SETTING:: Tertiary university hospital setting. PATIENTS: Preoperative 3D-CTs in pediatric surgical candidates diagnosed with lateral condylar physeal fractures INTERVENTION:: Closed reduction and percutaneous pinning was performed...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537311/naphthodifuran-based-zigzag-type-polycyclic-arene-with-conjugated-side-chains-for-efficient-photovoltaics
#20
Hongjian Peng, Xiangfeng Luan, Liuliu Feng, Jun Yuan, Zhi-Guo Zhang, Yongfang Li, Yingping Zou
Ladder-type conjugated structures with rigid and coplanar molecular frameworks feature longer effective conjugation, affirmative optoelectronic properties and strong intermolecular π-π interactions, which are ideal characteristics for organic photovoltaics. Here, a new "zigzag" angular-fused naphthodifuran (zNDF) based on alkoxyphenyl side chains was designed and synthesized. The distannylated zNDF building block was copolymerized with 4,7-di(5-bromothiophen-2-yl)-5,6-dioctyloxybenzo[c][1,2,5]thiadiazole and 5,8-bis(5-bromothiophen-2-yl)-2,3-bis(4-(2-ethylhexyloxy)-3-fluorophenyl)-6,7-difloroquinoxaline (Br-BT and Br-ffQx) acceptor units by Stille cross coupling reaction to form two new medium bandgap donor-acceptor polymers PzNDFP-BT and PzNDFP-ffQx, respectively...
May 24, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
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