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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634341/terahertz-circular-airy-vortex-beams
#1
Changming Liu, Jinsong Liu, Liting Niu, Xuli Wei, Kejia Wang, Zhengang Yang
Vortex beams have received considerable research interests both in optical and millimeter-wave domain since its potential to be utilized in the wireless communications and novel imaging systems. Many well-known optical beams have been demonstrated to carry orbital angular momentum (OAM), such as Laguerre-Gaussian beams and high-order Bessel beams. Recently, the radially symmetric Airy beams that exhibit an abruptly autofocusing feature are also demonstrated to be capable of carrying OAM in the optical domain...
June 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633824/ultrasound-assisted-extraction-of-polysaccharides-from-rhododendron-aganniphum-antioxidant-activity-and-rheological-properties
#2
Xiao Guo, Xiaofei Shang, Xuzheng Zhou, Baotang Zhao, Jiyu Zhang
In this study, we aimed to optimize the extraction of polysaccharides from the leaves of Rhododendron aganniphum and investigate its rheological properties and antioxidant activity. After optimizing the operating parameters using a Box-Behnken design (BBD), the results showed that the optimal ultrasound-assisted extraction conditions were as follows: extraction temperature, 55°C; liquid-solid ratio, 25:1; extraction time, 2.2h; and ultrasound treatment power, 200W. The optimized experimental yield of polysaccharides by ultrasound-assisted extraction (PUAE) was 9...
September 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633608/biomechanics-of-increased-spin-velocity-of-flying-discs-during-forehand-throws-by-skilled-and-unskilled-throwers
#3
Kei Sasakawa, Koji Umegaki, Shinji Sakurai
We aimed to assess the relationship between throwing distance and kinematic release parameters of the flying disc in unskilled throwers, and to assess the relationship between kinetic variables acting on flying discs and the change in spin velocity during long forehand throws by skilled and unskilled throwers. Ten skilled and eleven unskilled throwers performed throws at maximum effort. Reflective marker positions on the disc and body were recorded with a 3D motion capture system during the throws to derive kinematic variables of a disc and kinetic variables acting on the disc...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633369/fine-subdivisions-of-the-semantic-network-supporting-social-and-sensory-motor-semantic-processing
#4
Nan Lin, Xiaoying Wang, Yangwen Xu, Xiaosha Wang, Huimin Hua, Ying Zhao, Xingshan Li
Neuroimaging studies have consistently indicated that semantic processing involves a brain network consisting of multimodal cortical regions distributed in the frontal, parietal, and temporal lobes. However, little is known about how semantic information is organized and processed within the network. Some recent studies have indicated that sensory-motor semantic information modulates the activation of this network. Other studies have indicated that this network responds more to social semantic information than to other information...
June 15, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632776/dynamic-knee-valgus-alignment-influences-impact-attenuation-in-the-lower-extremity-during-the-deceleration-phase-of-a-single-leg-landing
#5
Akihiro Tamura, Kiyokazu Akasaka, Takahiro Otsudo, Jyunya Shiozawa, Yuka Toda, Kaori Yamada
Dynamic knee valgus during landings is associated with an increased risk of non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. In addition, the impact on the body during landings must be attenuated in the lower extremity joints. The purpose of this study was to investigate landing biomechanics during landing with dynamic knee valgus by measuring the vertical ground reaction force (vGRF) and angular impulses in the lower extremity during a single-leg landing. The study included 34 female college students, who performed the single-leg drop vertical jump...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632253/accuracy-of-implant-placement-with-computer-guided-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-comparing-cadaver-clinical-and-in-vitro-studies
#6
Fernando Bover-Ramos, José Viña-Almunia, Juan Cervera-Ballester, Miguel Peñarrocha-Diago, Berta García-Mira
PURPOSE: The aim of this systematic review was to analyze the accuracy of implant placement using computer-guided surgery and to compare virtual treatment planning and outcome in relation to study type (in vitro, clinical, or cadaver). A further objective was to compare the accuracy of half-guided implant surgery with that of full-guided implant surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A PubMed search was performed to identify studies published between January 2005 and February 2015, searching the keywords "reliability AND dental implant planning" and "accuracy dental implant planning...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632058/assessment-of-model-based-image-matching-for-future-reconstruction-of-unhelmeted-sport-head-impact-kinematics
#7
Gregory J Tierney, Hamed Joodaki, Tron Krosshaug, Jason L Forman, Jeff R Crandall, Ciaran K Simms
Player-to-player contact inherent in many unhelmeted sports means that head impacts are a frequent occurrence. Model-Based Image-Matching (MBIM) provides a technique for the assessment of three-dimensional linear and rotational motion patterns from multiple camera views of a head impact event, but the accuracy is unknown for this application. The goal of this study is to assess the accuracy of the MBIM method relative to reflective marker-based motion analysis data for estimating six degree of freedom head displacements and velocities in a staged pedestrian impact scenario at 40 km/h...
February 28, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632054/middle-finger-and-ball-movements-around-ball-release-during-baseball-fastball-pitching
#8
Tomoyuki Matsuo, Tsutomu Jinji, Daisaku Hirayama, Daiki Nasu, Hiroki Ozaki, Daisuke Kumagawa
The objectives of this study were to investigate middle finger movements and dynamics of ball movements around the instant of ball release during baseball pitching. Baseball pitching from an indoor mound among 14 semi-professional pitchers was captured using a motion capture system with 16 high-speed cameras (1,000 Hz). Kinematics of middle finger joints, ball rotation, and force applied to the ball were calculated. The proximal and distal interphalangeal joints continued to extend until the instant of ball release, then abruptly flexed...
February 28, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632049/kinematic-comparison-of-the-seoi-nage-judo-technique-between-elite-and-college-athletes
#9
Takanori Ishii, Michiyoshi Ae, Yuta Suzuki, Yasuto Kobayashi
This study sought to identify biomechanical factors that determine fast and skilful execution of the seoi-nage (shoulder throw) technique by comparing kinematics between elite and college judo athletes. Three-dimensional motion data were captured using a VICON-MX system with 18 cameras operating at 250 Hz as three male elite and seven male college judo athletes performed seoi-nage. No significant difference was found in motion phase time of the turning phase between the two groups, indicating that motion phase time is not necessarily a factor contributing quickness in seoi-nage...
February 24, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630728/parameters-for-assessment-of-the-inferior-acetabulum-morphology-in-300-adult-hips
#10
Munif A Hatem, Luiz A M da Cunha, João C M Abdo, Hal David Martin
The inferior acetabulum (IA) has been studied as a stabilizer of the hip in flexed positions with potential implications in femoroacetabular impingement and hip instability. However, there is a paucity of studies considering the normal morphology and parameters for assessment of the IA. The purpose of this study was to define parameters to assess the IA morphology and their normal range. Specifically, the objectives were to assess: (i) the width of the anterior horn (AH) and posterior horn (PH) of the acetabulum; (ii) the inclination of the articular surface of the AH angle (AHA) and PH angle (PHA) in the axial plane; (iii) the anterior opening angle of the IA and differences between genders...
January 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630678/on-the-colour-of-wing-scales-in-butterflies-iridescence-and-preferred-orientation-of-single-gyroid-photonic-crystals
#11
Robert W Corkery, Eric C Tyrode
Lycaenid butterflies from the genera Callophrys, Cyanophrys and Thecla have evolved remarkable biophotonic gyroid nanostructures within their wing scales that have only recently been replicated by nanoscale additive manufacturing. These nanostructures selectively reflect parts of the visible spectrum to give their characteristic non-iridescent, matte-green appearance, despite a distinct blue-green-yellow iridescence predicted for individual crystals from theory. It has been hypothesized that the organism must achieve its uniform appearance by growing crystals with some restrictions on the possible distribution of orientations, yet preferential orientation observed in Callophrys rubi confirms that this distribution need not be uniform...
August 6, 2017: Interface Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630486/integrated-optical-modulator-manipulating-the-polarization-and-rotation-handedness-of-orbital-angular-momentum-states
#12
S Faezeh Mousavi, Rahman Nouroozi, Giuseppe Vallone, Paolo Villoresi
Recent studies demonstrated that the optical channels encoded by Orbital Angular Momentum (OAM) are capable candidates for improving the next generation of communication systems. OAM states can enhance the capacity and security of high-dimensional communication channels in both classical and quantum regimes based on optical fibre and free space. Hence, fast and precise control of the beams encoded by OAM can provide their commercial applications in the compatible communication networks. Integrated optical devices are good miniaturized options to perform this issue...
June 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629518/analysis-of-the-asymmetry-of-activated-epo-receptor-enables-designing-small-molecule-agonists
#13
Frank Guarnieri
Amgen solved the high-resolution cocrystal structure of erythropoietin (EPO) bound to the extracellular part of the receptor (EPOR) in 1998, which reveals that the EPO-EPOR interaction surface is formed by 11 salt bridges, 17 H-bonds, and 2 hydrophobic clusters centered at a pair of crucial phenylalanines (F93). The EPOR has two domains, one that penetrates the membrane and a second extracellular domain that forms one arm of the binding site for the EPO ligand. The complete competent receptor-binding site is a homodimer of EPOR with the two arms forming a funnel-shaped cup where EPO binds...
2017: Vitamins and Hormones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629032/effects-of-silane-modified-fillers-on-properties-of-dental-composite-resin
#14
Aysu Aydınoğlu, Afife Binnaz Hazar Yoruç
The effect of silanization on the mechanical, chemical, and physical properties of dental composites was investigated. Silica fillers were obtained from colloidal silica solution, Ludox® HS-40 and they were silanized by using 3-methacryloxypropyl trimethoxysilane (MPTMS) in an acidic media. Mineralogical and chemical structures of unsilanized and silanized fillers were determined by using XRD and FT-IR analyses. The modification of unsilanized/silanized fillers were investigated by performing XPS and TGA analyses...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628539/effects-of-an-off-axis-pivoting-elliptical-training-program-on-gait-function-in-persons-with-spastic-cerebral-palsy-a-preliminary-study
#15
Liang-Ching Tsai, Yupeng Ren, Deborah J Gaebler-Spira, Gadi A Revivo, Li-Qun Zhang
This preliminary study examined the effects of off-axis elliptical training on reducing transverse-plane gait deviations and improving gait function in 8 individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) (15.5 ± 4.1 years) who completed an training program using a custom-made elliptical trainer that allows transverse-plane pivoting of the footplates during exercise. Lower-extremity off-axis control during elliptical exercise was evaluated by quantifying the root-mean-square and maximal angular displacement of the footplate pivoting angle...
July 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626967/strategy-over-operation-neural-activation-in-subtraction-and-multiplication-during-fact-retrieval-and-procedural-strategy-use-in-children
#16
Brecht Polspoel, Lien Peters, Maaike Vandermosten, Bert De Smedt
Arithmetic development is characterized by strategy shifts between procedural strategy use and fact retrieval. This study is the first to explicitly investigate children's neural activation associated with the use of these different strategies. Participants were 26 typically developing 4th graders (9- to 10-year-olds), who, in a behavioral session, were asked to verbally report on a trial-by-trial basis how they had solved 100 subtraction and multiplication items. These items were subsequently presented during functional magnetic resonance imaging...
June 19, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623261/epitaxially-stabilized-thin-films-of-%C3%AE%C2%B5-fe2o3-001-grown-on-ysz-100
#17
Luca Corbellini, Christian Lacroix, Catalin Harnagea, Andreas Korinek, Gianluigi A Botton, David Ménard, Alain Pignolet
Epsilon ferrite (ε-Fe2O3) is a metastable phase of iron(III) oxide, intermediate between maghemite and hematite. It has recently attracted interest because of its magnetocrystalline anisotropy, which distinguishes it from the other polymorphs, and results in a gigantic coercive field and a natural ferromagnetic resonance frequency in the THz range. Moreover, it possesses a polar crystal structure, making it a potential ferroelectric, hence a potential multiferroic. Due to the need of size confinement to stabilize the metastable phase, ε-Fe2O3 has been synthesized mainly as nanoparticles...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622848/average-male-and-female-virtual-dummy-model-biorid-and-evarid-simulations-with-two-seat-concepts-in-the-euro-ncap-low-severity-rear-impact-test-configuration
#18
Astrid Linder, Kristian Holmqvist, Mats Y Svensson
Soft tissue neck injuries, also referred to as whiplash injuries, which can lead to long term suffering accounts for more than 60% of the cost of all injuries leading to permanent medical impairment for the insurance companies, with respect to injuries sustained in vehicle crashes. These injuries are sustained in all impact directions, however they are most common in rear impacts. Injury statistics have since the mid-1960s consistently shown that females are subject to a higher risk of sustaining this type of injury than males, on average twice the risk of injury...
June 13, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622000/observation-of-%C3%AF-3686-%C3%A2-e-e-%C3%AF-_-cj-and-%C3%AF-_-cj-%C3%A2-e-e-j-%C3%AF
#19
M Ablikim, M N Achasov, X C Ai, O Albayrak, M Albrecht, D J Ambrose, A Amoroso, F F An, Q An, J Z Bai, R Baldini Ferroli, Y Ban, D W Bennett, J V Bennett, M Bertani, D Bettoni, J M Bian, F Bianchi, E Boger, I Boyko, R A Briere, H Cai, X Cai, O Cakir, A Calcaterra, G F Cao, S A Cetin, J F Chang, G Chelkov, G Chen, H S Chen, H Y Chen, J C Chen, M L Chen, S Chen, S J Chen, X Chen, X R Chen, Y B Chen, H P Cheng, X K Chu, G Cibinetto, H L Dai, J P Dai, A Dbeyssi, D Dedovich, Z Y Deng, A Denig, I Denysenko, M Destefanis, F De Mori, Y Ding, C Dong, J Dong, L Y Dong, M Y Dong, Z L Dou, S X Du, P F Duan, J Z Fan, J Fang, S S Fang, X Fang, Y Fang, R Farinelli, L Fava, O Fedorov, F Feldbauer, G Felici, C Q Feng, E Fioravanti, M Fritsch, C D Fu, Q Gao, X L Gao, X Y Gao, Y Gao, Z Gao, I Garzia, K Goetzen, L Gong, W X Gong, W Gradl, M Greco, M H Gu, Y T Gu, Y H Guan, A Q Guo, L B Guo, R P Guo, Y Guo, Y P Guo, Z Haddadi, A Hafner, S Han, X Q Hao, F A Harris, K L He, T Held, Y K Heng, Z L Hou, C Hu, H M Hu, J F Hu, T Hu, Y Hu, G S Huang, J S Huang, X T Huang, X Z Huang, Y Huang, Z L Huang, T Hussain, Q Ji, Q P Ji, X B Ji, X L Ji, L W Jiang, X S Jiang, X Y Jiang, J B Jiao, Z Jiao, D P Jin, S Jin, T Johansson, A Julin, N Kalantar-Nayestanaki, X L Kang, X S Kang, M Kavatsyuk, B C Ke, P Kiese, R Kliemt, B Kloss, O B Kolcu, B Kopf, M Kornicer, A Kupsc, W Kühn, J S Lange, M Lara, P Larin, C Leng, C Li, Cheng Li, D M Li, F Li, F Y Li, G Li, H B Li, H J Li, J C Li, Jin Li, K Li, K Li, Lei Li, P R Li, Q Y Li, T Li, W D Li, W G Li, X L Li, X N Li, X Q Li, Y B Li, Z B Li, H Liang, Y F Liang, Y T Liang, G R Liao, D X Lin, B Liu, B J Liu, C X Liu, D Liu, F H Liu, Fang Liu, Feng Liu, H B Liu, H H Liu, H H Liu, H M Liu, J Liu, J B Liu, J P Liu, J Y Liu, K Liu, K Y Liu, L D Liu, P L Liu, Q Liu, S B Liu, X Liu, Y B Liu, Z A Liu, Zhiqing Liu, H Loehner, X C Lou, H J Lu, J G Lu, Y Lu, Y P Lu, C L Luo, M X Luo, T Luo, X L Luo, X R Lyu, F C Ma, H L Ma, L L Ma, M M Ma, Q M Ma, T Ma, X N Ma, X Y Ma, Y M Ma, F E Maas, M Maggiora, Y J Mao, Z P Mao, S Marcello, J G Messchendorp, J Min, R E Mitchell, X H Mo, Y J Mo, C Morales Morales, N Yu Muchnoi, H Muramatsu, Y Nefedov, F Nerling, I B Nikolaev, Z Ning, S Nisar, S L Niu, X Y Niu, S L Olsen, Q Ouyang, S Pacetti, Y Pan, P Patteri, M Pelizaeus, H P Peng, K Peters, J Pettersson, J L Ping, R G Ping, R Poling, V Prasad, H R Qi, M Qi, S Qian, C F Qiao, L Q Qin, N Qin, X S Qin, Z H Qin, J F Qiu, K H Rashid, C F Redmer, M Ripka, G Rong, Ch Rosner, X D Ruan, A Sarantsev, M Savrié, K Schoenning, S Schumann, W Shan, M Shao, C P Shen, P X Shen, X Y Shen, H Y Sheng, M Shi, W M Song, X Y Song, S Sosio, S Spataro, G X Sun, J F Sun, S S Sun, X H Sun, Y J Sun, Y Z Sun, Z J Sun, Z T Sun, C J Tang, X Tang, I Tapan, E H Thorndike, M Tiemens, M Ullrich, I Uman, G S Varner, B Wang, B L Wang, D Wang, D Y Wang, K Wang, L L Wang, L S Wang, M Wang, P Wang, P L Wang, S G Wang, W Wang, W P Wang, X F Wang, Y Wang, Y D Wang, Y F Wang, Y Q Wang, Z Wang, Z G Wang, Z H Wang, Z Y Wang, Z Y Wang, T Weber, D H Wei, J B Wei, P Weidenkaff, S P Wen, U Wiedner, M Wolke, L H Wu, L J Wu, Z Wu, L Xia, L G Xia, Y Xia, D Xiao, H Xiao, Z J Xiao, Y G Xie, Q L Xiu, G F Xu, J J Xu, L Xu, Q J Xu, Q N Xu, X P Xu, L Yan, W B Yan, W C Yan, Y H Yan, H J Yang, H X Yang, L Yang, Y X Yang, M Ye, M H Ye, J H Yin, B X Yu, C X Yu, J S Yu, C Z Yuan, W L Yuan, Y Yuan, A Yuncu, A A Zafar, A Zallo, Y Zeng, Z Zeng, B X Zhang, B Y Zhang, C Zhang, C C Zhang, D H Zhang, H H Zhang, H Y Zhang, J Zhang, J J Zhang, J L Zhang, J Q Zhang, J W Zhang, J Y Zhang, J Z Zhang, K Zhang, L Zhang, S Q Zhang, X Y Zhang, Y Zhang, Y H Zhang, Y N Zhang, Y T Zhang, Yu Zhang, Z H Zhang, Z P Zhang, Z Y Zhang, G Zhao, J W Zhao, J Y Zhao, J Z Zhao, Lei Zhao, Ling Zhao, M G Zhao, Q Zhao, Q W Zhao, S J Zhao, T C Zhao, Y B Zhao, Z G Zhao, A Zhemchugov, B Zheng, J P Zheng, W J Zheng, Y H Zheng, B Zhong, L Zhou, X Zhou, X K Zhou, X R Zhou, X Y Zhou, K Zhu, K J Zhu, S Zhu, S H Zhu, X L Zhu, Y C Zhu, Y S Zhu, Z A Zhu, J Zhuang, L Zotti, B S Zou, J H Zou
Using 4.479×10^{8}  ψ(3686) events collected with the BESIII detector, we search for the decays ψ(3686)→e^{+}e^{-}χ_{cJ} and χ_{cJ}→e^{+}e^{-}J/ψ, where J=0, 1, 2. The decays ψ(3686)→e^{+}e^{-}χ_{cJ} and χ_{cJ}→e^{+}e^{-}J/ψ are observed for the first time. The measured branching fractions are B(ψ(3686)→e^{+}e^{-}χ_{cJ})=(11.7±2.5±1.0)×10^{-4}, (8.6±0.3±0.6)×10^{-4}, (6.9±0.5±0.6)×10^{-4} for J=0, 1, 2, and B(χ_{cJ}→e^{+}e^{-}J/ψ)=(1.51±0.30±0.13)×10^{-4}, (3.73±0...
June 2, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621987/photoassociation-of-trilobite-rydberg-molecules-via-resonant-spin-orbit-coupling
#20
K S Kleinbach, F Meinert, F Engel, W J Kwon, R Löw, T Pfau, G Raithel
We report on a novel method for the photoassociation of strongly polar trilobite Rydberg molecules. This exotic ultralong-range dimer, consisting of a ground-state atom bound to the Rydberg electron via electron-neutral scattering, inherits its polar character from the admixture of high-angular-momentum electronic orbitals. The absence of low-L character hinders standard photoassociation techniques. Here, we show that for suitable principal quantum numbers the resonant coupling of the orbital motion with the nuclear spin of the perturber, mediated by electron-neutral scattering, hybridizes the trilobite molecular potential with the more conventional S-type molecular state...
June 2, 2017: Physical Review Letters
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