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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559836/orofacial-manifestations-and-temporomandibular-disorders-of-sj%C3%A3-gren-syndrome-an-observational-study
#1
Vito Crincoli, Mariasevera Di Comite, Mariateresa Guerrieri, Rossana Patricia Rotolo, Luisa Limongelli, Angela Tempesta, Florenzo Iannone, Angela Rinaldi, Giovanni Lapadula, Gianfranco Favia
AIMS : Sjӧgren Syndrome is a disorder involving oral tissues, with xerostomia, dysgeusia, dysphagia, tooth decay, gingivitis, angular cheilitis and glossitis. Temporomandibular disorders are a generic term referred to clinical conditions involving the jaw muscles and temporomandibular joint. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of oral manifestations and temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in Sjӧgren Syndrome (SS) patients compared with healthy people. METHODS : The study group included 72 SS patients (2 men, 70 women) diagnosed according to the American-European Consensus Group (AECG) Criteria...
2018: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422459/antifungal-activity-of-xylitol-against-candida-albicans-an-in-vitro-study
#2
Zahra Talattof, Azita Azad, Maryam Zahed, Nazanin Shahradnia
AIM: The most common fungal infection among human population is candidiasis, the etiology of which is mostly Candida albicans. As a result of a disrupted balance of the normal flora or a compromised immune system, Candida species can become pathogenic. Various in vitro surveys have shown that glucose intake is a promoter of C. albicans growth, whereas in vivo studies have found that xylitol can decrease the risk of candidiasis and angular cheilitis. Hence, we aimed to evaluate for the first time the inhibitory effects of xylitol on C...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285470/oral-health-status-among-children-with-cerebral-palsy-in-dubai-united-arab-emirates
#3
Haifa Al Hashmi, Mawlood Kowash, Amar Hassan, Manal Al Halabi
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to assess the oral health status of children with cerebral palsy (CP) in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE). Materials and Methods: Eighty-four CP and 125 healthy children were recruited from special needs centers and private/public schools in Dubai. A dental examination for decayed-missing-filled teeth in primary dentition (dmft)/Decayed-Missing-Filled teeth in permanent dentition (DMFT) indices, simplified oral hygiene index, calculus index (CI), and oral debris index was conducted...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238414/oral-manifestations-in-pediatric-patients-with-coeliac-disease-a-review-article
#4
Viviana Marisa Pereira Macho, Ana Sofia Coelho, Diana Maria Veloso E Silva, David José Casimiro de Andrade
Background: Coeliac disease is a chronic enteropathy that remains a challenge for the clinician, due to its atypical manifestations and etiopathogenic complexity. Objective: This article intends to describe the oral characteristics of Coeliac Disease in children in order to facilitate their management in the dental office. Methods: A review of the literature was performed electronically in PubMed (PubMed Central, and MEDLINE) for articles published in English from 2000 to April of 2017...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177814/orofacial-manifestations-in-outpatients-with-anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa-focusing-on-the-vomiting-behavior
#5
Maria Lourenço, Álvaro Azevedo, Isabel Brandão, Pedro S Gomes
OBJECTIVE: This case-control study aims to evaluate the oral health status and orofacial problems in a group of outpatients with eating disorders (ED)-either anorexia nervosa (AN) or bulimia nervosa (BN)-further focusing on the influence of vomit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-five women outpatients with AN or BN diagnosis were invited to participate, of which 33 agreed. ED outpatients and matched controls were submitted to a questionnaire and clinical oral examination...
November 25, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161938/oral-mucosal-lesions-in-electronic-cigarettes-consumers-versus-former-smokers
#6
Elena Bardellini, Francesca Amadori, Giulio Conti, Alessandra Majorana
OBJECTIVES: Electronic cigarettes (ECs) have become very popular in recent years. However, many uncertainties remain about their side effects. This study aims to evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of oral mucosal lesions (OMLs) in former smokers compared to ECs consumers. METHODS: A prospective case-control study was carried out. Outpatients for dental consultation were consecutively enrolled into two groups based on their habits, i.e. former smokers and ECs consumers...
November 21, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064818/-dental-perspective-on-crohn-s-disease-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Beata Głowacka, Małgorzata Radwan-Oczko
Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic, idiophatic inflammatory process of the gastrointestinal tract and its cause remains unknown. It can affect any part of the digestive system, but preferentially involves the terminal part of the small intestine and the beginning of the large intestine. The disease course is usually long-term with episodes of remission and relapses. The clinical presentation of the disease varies and depends on the site of inflammation. Oral lesions can occur in 80% of pediatric and 90% of adult patients with CD...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836532/comparative-study-oral-mucosal-lesions-signs-and-symptoms-in-diabetes-mellitus-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-with-analogous-findings-in-diabetes-mellitus-patients-with-non-end-stage-renal-disease
#8
Balasubramani Senthil, Subramaniam Shanmugam, Somasundaram Elangovan, Ponna Goundar Elumalai Chandramouli, Shanmugam Bhaskaran, Chandrasekaran Ramesh
AIM: The aim of this study is to compare oral signs, symptoms and oral lesions type and prevalence, in end stage renal disease (ESRD) with non-end stage renal disease (NESRD) in diabetes mellitus (DM) patients. METHODOLOGY: Two groups of DM patients were studied, Group 1 includes 100 patients with ESRD, who were under hemodialysis therapy, and Group 2 includes100 patients with NESRD whose serum creatinine level is <2.0 mg/dl. The DM status and other laboratory investigations were recorded, with the patients consent and thorough oral examination was performed and the findings were recorded...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684301/impact-of-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-on-the-prevalence-of-oral-lesions-in-hiv-positive-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
V L de Almeida, I F P Lima, P K Ziegelmann, L R Paranhos, F R de Matos
The aim of this study was to determine whether highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is associated with the prevalence of oral lesions in HIV-positive patients. This systematic review and meta-analysis was performed in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses). The search was conducted in seven electronic databases (PubMed, Scopus, SciELO, LILACS, Embase, Web of Science, and OpenGrey), without restriction on publication period or language...
July 3, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405551/spectrum-of-lip-lesions-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-an-epidemiological-study-of-3009-indian-patients
#10
Shivani Bansal, Sana Shaikh, Rajiv S Desai, Islam Ahmad, Pavan Puri, Pooja Prasad, Pankaj Shirsat, Dipali Gundre
AIM: Large-scale population-based screening studies have identified lip lesions to be the most common oral mucosal lesions; however, few studies have been carried out to estimate the prevalence of lip lesions exclusively. The aim of present study is to highlight the diversity of lip lesions and determine their prevalence in an unbiased Indian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Lip lesions were selected from 3009 patients who visited the department over a period of 3 years (January 2012 to December 2014)...
March 2017: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329526/chronic-granulomatous-disease-as-a-risk-factor-for-cutaneous-lupus-in-childhood
#11
Sandrina Carvalho, Susana Machado, Rita Sampaio, Margarida Guedes, Júlia Vasconcelos, Diogo Semedo, Manuela Selores
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a primaryimmunodeficiency disorder that affects the phagocyticcells of the innate immune system. It is characterizedby recurrent or persistent infections with granulomaformation. Lupus-like lesions have been reported incarriers of CGD and less frequently, in patients withCGD. Immunological study in these patients areusually negative. We describe the case of an 8-yearoldboy with CGD who developed chronic and acutecutaneous lupus erythematous with angular cheilitis,oral ulcers, Raynaud phenomenon, and positiveserologies for antinuclear, anticentromere, and anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies...
March 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896868/crohn-s-disease-should-be-considered-in-children-with-inflammatory-oral-lesions
#12
REVIEW
Anna Skrzat, Dorota Olczak-Kowalczyk, Anna Turska-Szybka
This systematic review presents the oral manifestations of paediatric Crohn's disease. Our review of 28 papers published from 2000 to 2015 showed that the prevalence of oral manifestations was 10-80%. Specific symptoms included mucosal tags, swelling of the lips, cheeks and gingiva, and cobblestoning mucosa. Nonspecific symptoms included aphthous-like ulcers, angular cheilitis, lip fissuring and gingivitis. CONCLUSION: The oral manifestations of Crohn's disease might precede intestinal inflammation or coincide with it...
February 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721607/a-relationship-between-cd4-count-and-oral-manifestations-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-patients-on-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-in-urban-population
#13
Gadavalli Vera Venkata Satyakiran, Radhika Manoj Bavle, Glory Alexander, Saritha Rao, Reshma Venugopal, Sreelatha S Hosthor
INTRODUCTION: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection gradually destroys the body's immune system, which makes it harder for the body to fight infections. HIV infection causes a quantitative and qualitative depletion of CD4 lymphocyte count, which increases the risk of opportunistic infections. Thus, CD4 count is one of the key factors in determining both the urgency of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) initiation and the need of prophylaxis for opportunistic infections...
September 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567281/-the-role-of-reflectance-confocal-microscopy-in-the-diagnosis-of-secondary-syphilis-of-the-vulva-and-anus-a-first-case-report
#14
A Leclercq, E Cinotti, B Labeille, B Cribier, A C Biron, C Vermersch, J Montlouis, F Cambazard, J L Perrot
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Herein we report the case of an 18-year-old pregnant patient presenting with plantar and ano-genital lesions of syphilis, pharyngitis, erythematosus and scalynasolabial intertrigo and angular cheilitis. REFLECTANCE CONFOCAL MICROSCOPY: In vivo reflectance confocal microscopy examination (Vivascope 3000(®); Caliber Inc, Rochester, NY, USA, distributed in France by Mavig, Munich) of ano-genital lesions enabled us to identify hyper-reflective elongated rods in the papillary dermis suggesting spirochetes...
November 2016: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538681/candida-infection-in-oral-leukoplakia-an-unperceived-public-health-problem
#15
Ayomi Dilhari, Manjula M Weerasekera, Anusha Siriwardhana, Oshanthi Maheshika, Chinthika Gunasekara, Sunil Karunathilaka, Ajith Nagahawatte, Neluka Fernando
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to determine the proportion, known risk factors and etiology for Candida infection in leukoplakia lesions among patients with oral leukoplakia attending the Oral and Maxillofacial Clinic at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Sri Lanka. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty clinically suspected oral leukoplakia patients were included. Two oral swabs each, from leukoplakia patients: one swab from the lesion and the other one from the contralateral unaffected corresponding area (as a control) were collected...
October 2016: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27433081/oral-pathology-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#16
REVIEW
Miranda Muhvić-Urek, Marija Tomac-Stojmenović, Brankica Mijandrušić-Sinčić
The incidence of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) - Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) - has been increasing on a global scale, and progressively, more gastroenterologists will be included in the diagnosis and treatment of IBD. Although IBD primarily affects the intestinal tract, extraintestinal manifestations of the disease are often apparent, including in the oral cavity, especially in CD. Specific oral manifestations in patients with CD are as follows: indurate mucosal tags, cobblestoning and mucogingivitis, deep linear ulcerations and lip swelling with vertical fissures...
July 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27133388/perception-of-iron-deficiency-from-oral-mucosa-alterations-that-show-a-high-prevalence-of-candida-infection
#17
Shin-Yu Lu
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Iron deficiency (ID) is the most common cause of anemia. The aim of this study was to investigate patients with oral mucosa alterations as the initial manifestation of ID or ID anemia (IDA). METHODS: Sixty-four patients (50 IDA and 14 ID) with a wide range of sore mouth were diagnosed and treated. The oral and physical manifestations as well as iron studies and anemia classification based on the mean and heterogeneity of red cell size were assessed...
August 2016: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27041901/efficacy-of-ozonized-olive-oil-in-the-management-of-oral-lesions-and-conditions-a-clinical-trial
#18
Tarun Kumar, Neha Arora, Gagan Puri, Konidena Aravinda, Avani Dixit, Deepa Jatti
UNLABELLED: The oral cavity is an open ecosystem that shows a dynamic balance between the entrance of microorganisms (bacterial, viral or fungal), colonization modalities, nutritional balance, and host defenses against their removal. The oral lesions including aphthous ulcerations, herpes labialis, oral candidiasis, oral lichen planus, and angular cheilitis some of the common entities encountered in the clinical practice. A variety of treatment options is available in the literature for all of these lesions and conditions...
January 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26985175/oral-mucosal-manifestations-in-primary-and-secondary-sj%C3%A3-gren-syndrome-and-dry-mouth-syndrome
#19
Katarzyna Błochowiak, Anna Olewicz-Gawlik, Adriana Polańska, Michalina Nowak-Gabryel, Jarosław Kocięcki, Henryk Witmanowski, Jerzy Sokalski
INTRODUCTION: One of the most important symptoms of Sjögren syndrome is xerostomia. The oral cavity deprived of saliva and its natural lubricative, protective and antibacterial properties is prone to a number of unfavourable consequences. AIM: To present the most important lesions on the oral mucosa in primary and secondary Sjögren syndrome and in dry mouth syndrome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group comprised 55 patients including 52 women and 3 men aged 20-72 years (average: 28...
February 2016: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26977325/prosthodontic-management-of-xerostomic-patient-a-technical-modification
#20
Haraswarupa Gurkar, Omprakash Yadahally Venkatesh, Jagadeesh Mandya Somashekar, Muthuraj Hariharapura Lakshme Gowda, Madhavi Dwivedi, Ishani Ningthoujam
Xerostomia is often a contributing factor in both minor and serious health problems. It can affect nutrition and dental as well as psychological health. Common problems faced by such patients are glossitis, mucositis, angular cheilitis, dysgeusia, and difficulty in chewing and swallowing. One of the major problems associated with xerostomic patients is the poor tolerance and retention of removable dental prostheses because of thin dry atrophic mucosa and lack of a saliva film. This paper describes a new technique of incorporating a salivary reservoir in the maxillary complete denture...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
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