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Angular cheilitis

Shivani Bansal, Sana Shaikh, Rajiv S Desai, Islam Ahmad, Pavan Puri, Pooja Prasad, Pankaj Shirsat, Dipali Gundre
AIM: Large-scale population-based screening studies have identified lip lesions to be the most common oral mucosal lesions; however, few studies have been carried out to estimate the prevalence of lip lesions exclusively. The aim of present study is to highlight the diversity of lip lesions and determine their prevalence in an unbiased Indian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Lip lesions were selected from 3009 patients who visited the department over a period of 3 years (January 2012 to December 2014)...
March 2017: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
Sandrina Carvalho, Susana Machado, Rita Sampaio, Margarida Guedes, Júlia Vasconcelos, Diogo Semedo, Manuela Selores
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a primaryimmunodeficiency disorder that affects the phagocyticcells of the innate immune system. It is characterizedby recurrent or persistent infections with granulomaformation. Lupus-like lesions have been reported incarriers of CGD and less frequently, in patients withCGD. Immunological study in these patients areusually negative. We describe the case of an 8-yearoldboy with CGD who developed chronic and acutecutaneous lupus erythematous with angular cheilitis,oral ulcers, Raynaud phenomenon, and positiveserologies for antinuclear, anticentromere, and anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies...
March 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
Anna Skrzat, Dorota Olczak-Kowalczyk, Anna Turska-Szybka
This systematic review presents the oral manifestations of paediatric Crohn's disease. Our review of 28 papers published from 2000 to 2015 showed that the prevalence of oral manifestations was 10-80%. Specific symptoms included mucosal tags, swelling of the lips, cheeks and gingiva, and cobblestoning mucosa. Nonspecific symptoms included aphthous-like ulcers, angular cheilitis, lip fissuring and gingivitis. CONCLUSION: The oral manifestations of Crohn's disease might precede intestinal inflammation or coincide with it...
February 2017: Acta Paediatrica
Gadavalli Vera Venkata Satyakiran, Radhika Manoj Bavle, Glory Alexander, Saritha Rao, Reshma Venugopal, Sreelatha S Hosthor
INTRODUCTION: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection gradually destroys the body's immune system, which makes it harder for the body to fight infections. HIV infection causes a quantitative and qualitative depletion of CD4 lymphocyte count, which increases the risk of opportunistic infections. Thus, CD4 count is one of the key factors in determining both the urgency of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) initiation and the need of prophylaxis for opportunistic infections...
September 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
A Leclercq, E Cinotti, B Labeille, B Cribier, A C Biron, C Vermersch, J Montlouis, F Cambazard, J L Perrot
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Herein we report the case of an 18-year-old pregnant patient presenting with plantar and ano-genital lesions of syphilis, pharyngitis, erythematosus and scalynasolabial intertrigo and angular cheilitis. REFLECTANCE CONFOCAL MICROSCOPY: In vivo reflectance confocal microscopy examination (Vivascope 3000(®); Caliber Inc, Rochester, NY, USA, distributed in France by Mavig, Munich) of ano-genital lesions enabled us to identify hyper-reflective elongated rods in the papillary dermis suggesting spirochetes...
November 2016: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
Ayomi Dilhari, Manjula M Weerasekera, Anusha Siriwardhana, Oshanthi Maheshika, Chinthika Gunasekara, Sunil Karunathilaka, Ajith Nagahawatte, Neluka Fernando
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to determine the proportion, known risk factors and etiology for Candida infection in leukoplakia lesions among patients with oral leukoplakia attending the Oral and Maxillofacial Clinic at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Sri Lanka. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty clinically suspected oral leukoplakia patients were included. Two oral swabs each, from leukoplakia patients: one swab from the lesion and the other one from the contralateral unaffected corresponding area (as a control) were collected...
October 2016: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Miranda Muhvić-Urek, Marija Tomac-Stojmenović, Brankica Mijandrušić-Sinčić
The incidence of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) - Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) - has been increasing on a global scale, and progressively, more gastroenterologists will be included in the diagnosis and treatment of IBD. Although IBD primarily affects the intestinal tract, extraintestinal manifestations of the disease are often apparent, including in the oral cavity, especially in CD. Specific oral manifestations in patients with CD are as follows: indurate mucosal tags, cobblestoning and mucogingivitis, deep linear ulcerations and lip swelling with vertical fissures...
July 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Shin-Yu Lu
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Iron deficiency (ID) is the most common cause of anemia. The aim of this study was to investigate patients with oral mucosa alterations as the initial manifestation of ID or ID anemia (IDA). METHODS: Sixty-four patients (50 IDA and 14 ID) with a wide range of sore mouth were diagnosed and treated. The oral and physical manifestations as well as iron studies and anemia classification based on the mean and heterogeneity of red cell size were assessed...
August 2016: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
Tarun Kumar, Neha Arora, Gagan Puri, Konidena Aravinda, Avani Dixit, Deepa Jatti
UNLABELLED: The oral cavity is an open ecosystem that shows a dynamic balance between the entrance of microorganisms (bacterial, viral or fungal), colonization modalities, nutritional balance, and host defenses against their removal. The oral lesions including aphthous ulcerations, herpes labialis, oral candidiasis, oral lichen planus, and angular cheilitis some of the common entities encountered in the clinical practice. A variety of treatment options is available in the literature for all of these lesions and conditions...
January 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Katarzyna Błochowiak, Anna Olewicz-Gawlik, Adriana Polańska, Michalina Nowak-Gabryel, Jarosław Kocięcki, Henryk Witmanowski, Jerzy Sokalski
INTRODUCTION: One of the most important symptoms of Sjögren syndrome is xerostomia. The oral cavity deprived of saliva and its natural lubricative, protective and antibacterial properties is prone to a number of unfavourable consequences. AIM: To present the most important lesions on the oral mucosa in primary and secondary Sjögren syndrome and in dry mouth syndrome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group comprised 55 patients including 52 women and 3 men aged 20-72 years (average: 28...
February 2016: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
Haraswarupa Gurkar, Omprakash Yadahally Venkatesh, Jagadeesh Mandya Somashekar, Muthuraj Hariharapura Lakshme Gowda, Madhavi Dwivedi, Ishani Ningthoujam
Xerostomia is often a contributing factor in both minor and serious health problems. It can affect nutrition and dental as well as psychological health. Common problems faced by such patients are glossitis, mucositis, angular cheilitis, dysgeusia, and difficulty in chewing and swallowing. One of the major problems associated with xerostomic patients is the poor tolerance and retention of removable dental prostheses because of thin dry atrophic mucosa and lack of a saliva film. This paper describes a new technique of incorporating a salivary reservoir in the maxillary complete denture...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
Manoela Seadi Pereira, Maria Cristina Munerato
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are known as chronic inflammatory disorders of the digestive tract, represented mainly by Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). Among the main oral manifestations of IBD are cobblestoning of the oral mucosa, labial swellings with vertical fissures, pyostomatitis vegetans, angular cheilitis, perioral erythema, and glossitis. In this sense, understanding these nosological entities by dentists would help reach early and differential diagnosis. Thus, two case reports are presented and discussed based on theoretical references obtained by a literature review...
March 2016: Clinical Medicine & Research
Mahtab Samimi
The whole examination of oral cavity, other mucosae and skin is required when managing a cheilitis. Irritants (climatic, mechanical, caustic agents...) constitute the main aetiological factors of cheilitis. Allergic contact cheilitis should be investigated with a detailed anamnesis in order to search any causative agent in contact with the oral mucosae. Patch testing is required to confirm the diagnosis of delayed hypersensivity. Chronic actinic cheilitis occurs mostly in middle-aged, fair-skinned men. It is a potentially malignant condition that requires biopsies to exclude severe dysplasia or carcinoma...
February 2016: La Presse Médicale
P N Tannure, G G Moraes, McU Borba, A Abrahão, Mtrc Andrade, Tks Fidalgo
The aim of this case report is to describe the treatment planning of a young child with severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) as well as the prosthetic rehabilitation technique. A 3-year-old female child was referred to the pediatric dentistry clinic with the chief complaint of tooth pain, difficulty in eating and recurrent hospitalizations caused by dental infections. The mother reported intermittent episodes of fever and recurrent swelling of child's face. The girl presented angular cheilitis and was referred to a dietitian...
2015: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
K J Ramphoma, S Naidoo
Lesotho has the third highest prevalence of HIV in the world with an estimated 23% of the adult population infected. At least 70% of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) have presented with oral manifestation of HIV as the first sign of the disease. Oral health workers regularly encounter patients presenting with oral lesions associated with HIV disease and therefore need to have adequate knowledge of these conditions for diagnosis and management. The aim of the present study was to determine the knowledge, attitudes and practices of oral health care workers (OHCW) of Lesotho regarding the management of oral manifestations of HIV/AIDS...
November 2014: SADJ: Journal of the South African Dental Association
Danieli Cristina da Silva, Alan Grupioni Lourenço, Ana Elisa Rodrigues Alves Ribeiro, Alcyone Artioli Machado, Marilena Chinali Komesu, Ana Carolina Fragoso Motta
Considering the changes antiretroviral therapy (ART) has brought to the treatment of HIV infection, the current clinical and laboratory profiles of HIV/AIDS individuals referred to oral health centers are crucially important in instructing dentists about the oral health management of these patients. The aim of the present study was to determine the clinical and laboratory profiles of HIV-infected individuals referred to a clinic for patients with special needs between 2005 and 2012 by retrospectively analyzing their dental records...
2015: Brazilian Oral Research
J R Mabiala Babela, L C Ollandzobo Ikobo, R E Nika, G Moyen
Kawasaki's disease (KD) is a rarely described entity in Africa. The purpose of this work is to describe the clinical, biological and evolutionary aspects of KD in the Congolese child. This is a retrospective study of 11 cases of KD collected from 2003 to 2014 at the University Hospital of Brazzaville. The diagnosis was based on the criteria proposed by the Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome Research Commitee and validated by the Center for Disease Control grouping the major criteria originally described by Kawasaki and updated by the American Heart Association...
October 2015: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
Breno Amaral Rocha, Mário Rodrigues Melo Filho, Alyne Simões
The development of Angular Cheilitis and the reactivation of Herpes Simplex Virus, could be related to a decrease in the resistance of the immune system in the infected host, being common in cancer patients receiving antineoplastic chemotherapy. The objective of the present manuscript is to report Antimicrobial Photodynamic Therapy as a treatment of infected oral lesions of patients submitted to chemotherapy.
March 2016: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Sadeq-Ali Al-Maweri, Bassel Tarakji, Ghadah A Al-Sufyani, Hashem M Al-Shamiri, Giath Gazal
BACKGROUND: Down syndrome (DS) is the most common chromosomal abnormality affecting numerous organs, including the orofacial region. The objective of the present study was to assess the prevalence of lip and oral soft tissue lesions, with particular emphasize on the incidence of fissured tongue, lip fissures and angular cheilitis, among individuals with DS in Yemen. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This controlled cross-sectional study included 50 children with DS (6-18 years), and 50 age-and gender-matched healthy controls...
April 2015: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Abdul Samad, N Mohan, R V Suresh Balaji, Dominic Augustine, Shankar Gouda Patil
Plummer-Vinson syndrome (PVS) is a triad of microcytic hypochromic anemia, atrophic glossitis, and esophageal webs or strictures. It is one of the syndromes associated with iron deficiency anemia. Symptoms resulting from anemia predominates the clinical picture, apart from the additional features such as glossitis, angular cheilitis, and dysphagia. Dysphagia is main clinical feature of PVS. PVS carries an increased risk of development of squamous cell carcinoma of esophagus and pharynx. A classic case report of PVS with clinical features, oral manifestations, malignant potential, differential diagnosis, investigation, dental implication, and treatment is discussed here with the literature review from the dentist's point of view...
March 2015: Journal of International Oral Health: JIOH
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