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NAC AND Mitochondria

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795692/the-novel-resveratrol-derivative-3-5-diethoxy-3-4-dihydroxy-trans-stilbene-induces-mitochondrial-ros-mediated-er-stress-and-cell-death-in-human-hepatoma-cells-in-vitro
#1
Jae-Woo Park, Woo-Gyun Choi, Phil-Jun Lee, Su-Wol Chung, Byung-Sam Kim, Hun-Taeg Chung, Sungchan Cho, Jong-Heon Kim, Byoung-Heon Kang, Hyoungsu Kim, Hong-Pyo Kim, Sung-Hoon Back
Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene) is a well-known polyphenol that is present in grapes, peanuts, pine seeds, and several other plants. Resveratrol exerts deleterious effects on various types of human cancer cells. Here, we analyzed the cell death-inducing mechanisms of resveratrol-006 (Res-006), a novel resveratrol derivative in human liver cancer cells in vitro. Res-006 was more effectively suppressed the viability of HepG2 human hepatoma cells than resveratrol (the IC50 values were 67.2 and 354...
August 10, 2017: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767417/a-novel-deubiquitinase-inhibitor-b-ap15-triggers-apoptosis-in-both-androgen-receptor-dependent-and-independent-prostate-cancers
#2
Jianyu Cai, Xiaohong Xia, Yuning Liao, Ningning Liu, Zhiqiang Guo, Jinghong Chen, Li Yang, Huidan Long, Qianqian Yang, Xiaolan Zhang, Lu Xiao, Xuejun Wang, Hongbiao Huang, Jinbao Liu
Prostate cancer (PCa) remains a leading cause of cancer-related death in men. Especially, a subset of patients will eventually progress to the metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) which is currently incurable. Deubiquitinases (DUBs) associated with the 19S proteasome regulatory particle are increasingly emerging as significant therapeutic targets in numerous cancers. Recently, a novel small molecule b-AP15 is identified as an inhibitor of the USP14/UCHL5 (DUBs) of the 19S proteasome, resulting in cell growth inhibition and apoptosis in several human cancer cell lines...
June 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730106/mitochondrial-expression-and-activity-of-p-glycoprotein-under-oxidative-stress-in-outer-blood-retinal-barrier
#3
Yue-Hong Zhang, Juan Li, Wei-Zhong Yang, Zhuan-Hua Xian, Qi-Ting Feng, Xiang-Cai Ruan
AIM: To investigate the role of oxidative stress in regulating the functional expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in mitochondria of D407 cells. METHODS: D407 cells were exposed to different ranges of concentrations of H2O2. The mitochondrial location of P-gp in the cells subjected to oxidative stress was detected by confocal analysis. Expression of P-gp in isolated mitochondria was assessed by Western blot. The pump activity of P-gp was evaluated by performing the efflux study on isolated mitochondria with Rhodamine 123 (Rho-123) alone and in the presence of P-gp inhibitor (Tariquidar) using flow cytometry analysis...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689919/cytotoxic-effects-of-gastrodin-extracted-from-the-rhizome-of-gastrodia-elata-blume-in-glioblastoma-cells-but-not-in-normal-astrocytes-via-the-induction-of-oxidative-stress-associated-apoptosis-that-involved-cell-cycle-arrest-and-p53-activation
#4
Wei-Zhe Liang, Chung-Ren Jan, Shu-Shong Hsu
Researches have been conducted to explore the biological effect of gastrodin, a natural compound extracted from the rhizome of Gastrodia elata Blume, in different models. However, the effects of gastrodin on cytotoxicity, cell cycle distribution and oxidative stress in glia cells have not been explored. The aim of this study was to investigate the cytotoxic effect of gastrodin and its mechanisms in DBTRG-05MG human glioblastoma cells and CTX TNA2 rat astrocytes. In DBTRG-05MG cells but not in CTX TNA2 cells, gastrodin (20-30 μM) induced cytotoxicity, G2/M phase cell cycle arrest and apoptosis...
September 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628905/a-ros-mediated-mitochondrial-pathway-and-nrf2-pathway-activation-are-involved-in-bde-47-induced-apoptosis-in-neuro-2a-cells
#5
Hongmei Chen, Xuexi Tang, Bin Zhou, Zhongyuan Zhou, Ningning Xu, You Wang
Our previous study showed that 2,2'-,4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-47) is cytotoxic and induces apoptosis in Neuro-2a cells. In the present study, we aimed to investigate whether nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2), an antioxidant transcriptional regulator of oxidative stress and apoptosis, is involved in this process. The results of toxicological experiments showed that BDE-47 decreased the cellular mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and increased cytochrome c release to the cytoplasm, followed by an increase in intracellular caspase-9 and caspase-3 activity, suggesting that a mitochondrial pathway was involved in the apoptotic process...
October 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623559/ifn-%C3%AE-induced-reactive-oxygen-species-and-mitochondrial-damage-contribute-to-muscle-impairment-and-inflammation-maintenance-in-dermatomyositis
#6
Alain Meyer, Gilles Laverny, Yves Allenbach, Elise Grelet, Vanessa Ueberschlag, Andoni Echaniz-Laguna, Béatrice Lannes, Ghada Alsaleh, Anne Laure Charles, François Singh, Joffrey Zoll, Evelyne Lonsdorfer, François Maurier, Olivier Boyer, Jacques-Eric Gottenberg, Anne Sophie Nicot, Jocelyn Laporte, Olivier Benveniste, Daniel Metzger, Jean Sibilia, Bernard Geny
Dermatomyositis (DM) is an autoimmune disease associated with enhanced type I interferon (IFN) signalling in skeletal muscle, but the mechanisms underlying muscle dysfunction and inflammation perpetuation remain unknown. Transcriptomic analysis of early untreated DM muscles revealed that the main cluster of down-regulated genes was mitochondria-related. Histochemical, electron microscopy, and in situ oxygraphy analysis showed mitochondrial abnormalities, including increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and decreased respiration, which was correlated with low exercise capacities and a type I IFN signature...
June 16, 2017: Acta Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596814/enhancement-of-mitochondrial-transfer-by-antioxidants-in-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#7
Chia-Jung Li, Po-Kong Chen, Li-Yi Sun, Cheng-Yoong Pang
Excessive reactive oxygen species is the major component of a harsh microenvironment after ischemia/reperfusion injury in human tissues. Combined treatment of N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) and L-ascorbic acid 2-phosphate (AAP) promoted the growth of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) and suppressed oxidative stress-induced cell death by enhancing mitochondrial integrity and function in vitro. In this study, we aimed to determine whether NAC and AAP (termed MCA) could enhance the therapeutic potential of hMSCs...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595547/beneficial-effects-of-n-acetylcysteine-and-n-mercaptopropionylglycine-on-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-the-heart
#8
Monika Bartekova, Miroslav Barancik, Kristina Ferenczyova, Narajan S Dhalla
Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury of the heart as a consequence of myocardial infarction or cardiac surgery represents a serious clinical problem. One of the most prominent mechanisms of I/R injury is the development of oxidative stress in the heart. In this regard, I/R has been shown to enhance the production of reactive oxygen/nitrogen species in the heart which lead to the imbalance between the pro-oxidants and antioxidant capacities of the endogenous radical-scavenging systems. Accordingly, increasing the antioxidant capacity of the heart by the administration of exogenous antioxidants is considered beneficial for the heart exposed to I/R...
June 8, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498435/plumbagin-enhances-trail-induced-apoptosis-of-human-leukemic-kasumi%C3%A2-1-cells-through-upregulation-of-trail-death-receptor-expression-activation-of-caspase-8-and-inhibition-of-cflip
#9
Xiaoyang Kong, Jing Luo, Tongpeng Xu, Yunjiao Zhou, Zengkai Pan, Yinghua Xie, Limin Zhao, Yingting Lu, Xiyao Han, Zhixiong Li, Ligen Liu
Although the patients with t(8;21) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) have a favorable prognosis compared with other non-acute promyelocytic leukemia AML patients, only ~50% patients with this relatively favorable subtype can survive for 5 years and refractory/relapse is common in clinical practice. So it is necessary to find novel agents to treat this type of AML. In this study, the effects and the mechanisms of plumbagin and recombinant soluble tumor necrosis factor‑α-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (rsTRAIL) on leukemic Kasumi‑1 cells were primarily investigated...
May 4, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488455/intracellular-methylglyoxal-induces-oxidative-damage-to-pancreatic-beta-cell-line-ins-1-cell-through-ire1%C3%AE-jnk-and-mitochondrial-apoptotic-pathway
#10
Chongxiao Liu, Yanhong Huang, Yifan Zhang, Xueru Chen, Xiang Kong, Yan Dong
An increased intracellular methylglyoxal (MGO) under hyperglycemia led to pancreatic beta cell death. However, its mechanism in which way with MGO induced beta cell death remains unknown. We investigated both high glucose and MGO treatment significantly inclined intracellular MGO concentration and inhibited cell viability in vitro. MGO treatment also triggered intracellular advanced glycation end products (AGEs) formation, declined mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), increased oxidative stress and the expression of ER stress mediators Grp78/Bip and p-PERK; activated mitochondrial apoptotic pathway, which could mimic by Glo1 knockdown...
May 10, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467607/environmental-temperature-affects-physiology-and-survival-of-nanosecond-pulsed-electric-field-treated-cells
#11
Shengyong Yin, Xudong Miao, Xueming Zhang, Xinhua Chen, Hao Wen
Nanosecond pulsed electric field (nsPEF) is a novel non-thermal tumor ablation technique. However, how nsPEF affect cell physiology at different environmental temperature is still kept unknown. But this issue is of critical clinical practice relevance. This work aim to investigate how nsPEF treated cancer cells react to different environmental temperatures (0, 4, 25, and 37°C). Their cell viability, apoptosis, mitochondrial membrane potential, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) were examined. Lower temperature resulted in higher apoptosis rate, decreased mitochondria membrane potential, and increased ROS levels...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421411/seleno-short-chain-chitosan-induces-apoptosis-in-human-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a549-cells-through-ros-mediated-mitochondrial-pathway
#12
Yana Zhao, Shaojing Zhang, Pengfei Wang, Shengnan Fu, Di Wu, Anjun Liu
Seleno-short-chain chitosan (SSCC) is a synthesized chitosan derivative. In this study, antitumor activity and underlying mechanism of SSCC on human non-small-cell lung cancer A549 cells were investigated in vitro. The MTT assay showed that SSCC could inhibit cell viability in a dose- and time-dependent manner, and 200 μg/ml SSCC exhibited significantly toxic effects on A549 cells. The cell cycle assay showed that SSCC triggered S phase cell cycle arrest in a dose- and time-dependent manner, which was related to a downregulation of S phase associated cyclin A...
April 18, 2017: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388678/drp1-dependent-mitochondrial-fission-mediates-osteogenic-dysfunction-in-inflammation-through-elevated-production-of-reactive-oxygen-species
#13
Ling Zhang, Xueqi Gan, Yuting He, Zhuoli Zhu, Junfei Zhu, Haiyang Yu
Although previous studies have implicated pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), to be detrimental for osteogenic activity, the related regulatory mechanisms are not yet fully validated. Since mitochondria host several essential metabolic processes and play a pivotal role in cellular functions, whether and how mitochondrial function contributes to inflammation-induced bone destruction needs further exploration. Our findings revealed that TNF-α impaired osteoblast function, including decreased mRNA levels of osteogenic markers, suppressed ALP expression and activity, and compromised cellular viability...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363602/zinc-regulates-nox1-expression-through-a-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-mitochondrial-ros-dependent-mechanism-to-induce-senescence-of-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells
#14
G Salazar, J Huang, R G Feresin, Y Zhao, K K Griendling
AIMS: The role of oxidative stress and inflammation in the development and progression of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) is well established. Increases in oxidative stress can further exacerbate the inflammatory response and lead to cellular senescence. We previously reported that angiotensin II (Ang II) and zinc increase reactive oxygen species (ROS) and cause senescence of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and that senescence induced by Ang II is a zinc-dependent process. Zinc stimulated NADPH oxidase (Nox) activity; however, the role of Nox isoforms in zinc effects was not determined...
March 29, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344907/grape-seed-proanthocyanidin-extract-protects-lymphocytes-against-histone-induced-apoptosis
#15
Ping Chang, Bing Mo, David M Cauvi, Ying Yu, Zhenhui Guo, Jian Zhou, Qiong Huang, Qitao Yan, Guiming Chen, Zhanguo Liu
Apoptosis of lymphocytes is associated with immunosuppression and poor prognosis in sepsis. Our previous report showed that histones, nuclear proteins released from damaged or dying cells in sepsis, can mediate lymphocyte apoptosis via mitochondria damage. Grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE), a natural substance with protective properties against oxidative stress, plays a vital role in cell and mitochondria protection. We thus hypothesized that GSPE may play a protective role in histone-induced lymphocyte apoptosis through its anti-oxidative properties...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342871/oxidative-damage-induces-apoptosis-and-promotes-calcification-in-disc-cartilage-endplate-cell-through-ros-mapk-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-implications-for-disc-degeneration
#16
Yingchao Han, Xinhua Li, Meijun Yan, Mingjie Yang, Shanjin Wang, Jie Pan, Lili Jun, Jun Tan
Cartilage endplate (CEP) cell calcification and apoptosis play a vital role in the intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD). Oxidative stress is a key factor in inducing programmed cell death and cartilage calcification. However, the cell death and calcification of cartilage endplate cells under oxidative stress have never been described. The present study investigated the apoptosis and calcification in the cartilage endplate cell under oxidative stress induced by H2O2 to understand the underlying mechanism of IVDD...
March 23, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296042/nickel-sulfate-induced-apoptosis-via-activating-ros-dependent-mitochondria-and-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-pathways-in-rat-leydig-cells
#17
Lingyue Zou, Li Su, Yifan Sun, Aijie Han, Xuhong Chang, An Zhu, Fangfang Liu, Jin Li, Yingbiao Sun
Nickel can induce apoptosis of testicular Leydig cells in mice, whereas the mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the role of nickel-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) mediated apoptosis pathways in rat Leydig cells. Fluorescent DCF and Annexin-V FITC/PI staining were performed to measure the production of ROS and apoptosis in Leydig cells. RT-qPCR and Western blot were conducted to analyze the key genes and proteins involved in mitochondria and ERS apoptotic pathways...
March 15, 2017: Environmental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274308/-lipopolysaccharide-of-porphyromonas-gingivalis-promotes-the-autophagy-of-human-gingival-fibroblasts
#18
Yu Liu, Shujin Li, Senlin Zhang, Xiaoma Cao, Yanmei Zhang
Objective To investigate the impact of lipopolysaccharide of Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg-LPS) on the autophagy of human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs). Methods Firstly, HGFs was stimulated with 10 μg/mL Pg-LPS for 12 hours or 24 hours. Rapamycin was used as a positive control. The expression of LC3B was detected by Western blotting and the distribution of autophagosomes was observed by indirect immunofluorescence staining. At the same time, mitochondrial ROS (mtROS) was labeled by MitoSOX Red. The levels of mtROS and mitochondrial autophagy were measured in HGFs after treated with Pg-LPS...
March 2017: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176146/centchroman-induces-redox-dependent-apoptosis-and-cell-cycle-arrest-in-human-endometrial-cancer-cells
#19
Hari Shyam, Neetu Singh, Shweta Kaushik, Ramesh Sharma, Anil K Balapure
Centchroman (CC) or Ormeloxifene has been shown to induce apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in various types of cancer cells. This has, however, not been addressed for endometrial cancer cells where its (CC) mechanism of action remains unclear. This study focuses on the basis of antineoplasticity of CC by blocking the targets involved in the cell cycle, survival and apoptosis in endometrial cancer cells. Ishikawa Human Endometrial Cancer Cells were cultured under estrogen deprived medium, exposed to CC and analyzed for proliferation and apoptosis...
April 2017: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130091/nitric-oxide-no-mediated-mitochondrial-damage-plays-a-critical-role-in-t-2-toxin-induced-apoptosis-and-growth-hormone-deficiency-in-rat-anterior-pituitary-gh3-cells
#20
Xianglian Liu, Pu Guo, Aimei Liu, Qinghua Wu, Xijuan Xue, Menghong Dai, Haihong Hao, Wei Qu, Shuyu Xie, Xu Wang, Zonghui Yuan
T-2 toxin, a major compound of trichothecenes, induces cell apoptosis and growth hormone (GH) deficiency and causes considerable growth retardation in animals and human cells. However, the mechanism underlying its growth suppression still remains unclear. Recent studies have suggested that ROS induced cell apoptosis and animal feed intake reduction, but there are limited reports on the role of RNS in T-2 toxin-mediated mitochondrial damage, cell apoptosis and growth retardation. Herein, T-2 toxin-induced GH3 cell damage and apoptosis were tested by MTT assay, LDH leakage and flow cytometry, respectively...
April 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
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