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NAC AND Mitochondria

Hai-Feng Pei, Juan-Ni Hou, Fei-Peng Wei, Qiang Xue, Fan Zhang, Cheng-Fei Peng, Yi Yang, Yue Tian, Juan Feng, Jin Du, Lei He, Xiu-Chuan Li, Er-He Gao, De Li, Yong-Jian Yang
Mitochondrial dysfunction leads to reactive oxygen species (ROS) overload, exacerbating injury in myocardial infarction (MI). As a receptor for translocases in the outer mitochondrial membrane (Tom) complex, Tom70 has an unknown function in MI, including in melatonin-induced protection against MI injury. We delivered specific small interfering RNAs against Tom70 or lentivirus vectors carrying Tom70a sequences into the left ventricles of mice or to cultured neonatal murine ventricular myocytes (NMVMs). At 48 h post-transfection, the left anterior descending coronary arteries of mice were permanently ligated, while the NMVMs underwent continuous hypoxia...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Pineal Research
Adeline Péchery, Sylvie Fauconnet, Hugues Bittard, Isabelle Lascombe
GW501516 is a selective and high-affinity synthetic agonist of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor β/δ (PPARβ/δ). This molecule promoted the inhibition of proliferation and apoptosis in few cancer cell lines, but its anticancer action has never been investigated in bladder tumor cells. Thus, this study was undertaken to determine whether GW501516 had antiproliferative and/or apoptotic effects on RT4 and T24 urothelial cancer cells and to explore the molecular mechanisms involved. Our results indicated that, in RT4 cells (derived from a low-grade papillary tumor), GW501516 did not induce cell death...
September 16, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Saiyang Zhang, Tingyu Li, Yanbing Zhang, Hongde Xu, Yongchun Li, Xiaolin Zi, Haiyang Yu, Jinfeng Li, Cheng-Yun Jin, Hong-Min Liu
A new series of 20 brominated chalcone derivatives were designed, synthesized, and investigated for their effects against the growth of four cancer cell lines (EC109, SKNSH, HepG2, MGC803). Among them, compound 19 which given chemical name of H72, was the most potent one on gastric cancer cell lines (i.e. MGC803, HGC27, SGC7901) with IC50s ranged from 3.57 to 5.61μM. H72 exhibited less cytotoxicity to non-malignant gastric epithelial cells GES-1. H72 treatment of MGC803 and HGC27 induced generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) leading to activation of caspase 9/3 cascade and mitochondria mediated apoptosis...
October 15, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Fengsen Duan, Yuejin Yu, Rijian Guan, Zhiliang Xu, Huageng Liang, Ling Hong
The effects of vitamin K2 on apoptosis in a variety of cancer cells have been well established in previous studies. However, the apoptotic effect of vitamin K2 on bladder cancer cells has not been evaluated. The aim of this study is to examine the apoptotic activity of Vitamin K2 in bladder cancer cells and investigate the underlying mechanism. In this study, Vitamin K2 induced apoptosis in bladder cancer cells through mitochondria pathway including loss of mitochondria membrane potential, cytochrome C release and caspase-3 cascade...
2016: PloS One
Haidong Yao, Ruifeng Fan, Xia Zhao, Wenchao Zhao, Wei Liu, Jie Yang, Hamid Sattar, Jinxin Zhao, Ziwei Zhang, Shiwen Xu
Selenium (Se) deficiency induces Ca2+ leak and calcification in mammal skeletal muscles; however, the exact mechanism is still unclear. In the present study, both Se-deficient chicken muscle models and selenoprotein W (SelW) gene knockdown myoblast and embryo models were used to study the mechanism. The results showed that Se deficiency-induced typical muscular injuries accompanied with Ca2+ leak and oxidative stress (P < 0.05) injured the ultrastructure of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) and mitochondria; decreased the levels of the Ca2+ channels, SERCA, SLC8A, CACNA1S, ORAI1, STIM1, TRPC1, and TRPC3 (P < 0...
August 20, 2016: Oncotarget
Minu Sharma, Amit Sud, Tanzeer Kaur, Chanderdeep Tandon, S K Singla
Diminished mitochondrial activities were deemed to play an imperative role in surged oxidative damage perceived in hyperoxaluric renal tissue. Proteomics is particularly valuable to delineate the damaging effects of oxidative stress on mitochondrial proteins. The present study was designed to apply large-scale proteomics to describe systematically how mitochondrial proteins/pathways govern the renal damage and calcium oxalate crystal adhesion in hyperoxaluria. Furthermore, the potential beneficial effects of combinatorial therapy with N-acetylcysteine (NAC) and apocynin were studied to establish its credibility in the modulation of hyperoxaluria-induced alterations in mitochondrial proteins...
September 2016: Free Radical Research
Guan Gui, Shan-shan Meng, Lu-juan Li, Bin Liu, Hong-xia Liang, Chao-shen Huangfu
Nitrites play multiple characteristic functions in invasion and metastasis of hepatic cancer cells, but the exact mechanism is not yet known. Cancer cells can maintain the malignant characteristics via clearance of excess mitochondria by mitophagy. The purpose of this article was to determine the roles of nitrite, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and hypoxia inducing factor 1 alpha (HIF-1 α) in mitophagy of hepatic cancer cells. After exposure of human hepatocellular carcinoma SMMC-7721 cells to a serial concentrations of sodium nitrite for 24 h under normal oxygen, the maximal cell vitality was increased by 16 mg x (-1) sodium nitrite...
January 2016: Yao Xue Xue Bao, Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica
Yilin Pang, Guiqi Qin, Liping Wu, Xiaoping Wang, Tongsheng Chen
Artesunate (ARS), an artemisinin derivative, has been demonstrated to possess antitumor activity in various human tumor cells. This study aims to investigate the molecular mechanism by which ARS induces apoptosis in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells (Huh-7 and Hep3B cells). ARS effectively induced externalization of phosphatidylserine (PS), depolarization of mitochondrial membrane, release of cytochrome c from mitochondria, and activation of caspase-9 and 3, characteristics of the intrinsic apoptosis. Pretreatment with antioxidant N-Acetyle-Cysteine (NAC) completely blocked ARS-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and apoptosis in the two cell lines...
October 1, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
Tao Liu, Lei Wu, Di Wang, Haiyang Wang, Jinwu Chen, Chunlan Yang, Jinku Bao, Chuanfang Wu
Polygonatum cyrtonema lectin (PCL), a mannose/sialic acid-binding lectin isolated from the rhizomes of Polygonatum cyrtonema Hua, has been reported to possess remarkable anti-tumor effects via inducing apoptosis and autophagy. The aim of this study was to investigate the molecular mechanisms mediating PCL-induced apoptosis and autophagy in A549 cells. Herein, we found that the treatment of A549 cells with PCL caused a remarkable generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and ROS scavenger N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) inhibited PCL-induced apoptosis and autophagy...
June 18, 2016: Journal of Biochemistry
Suman Dalal, Qinqin Zha, Mahipal Singh, Krishna Singh
Increased osteopontin (OPN) expression in the heart, specifically in myocytes, associates with increased myocyte apoptosis and myocardial dysfunction. Recently, we provided evidence that OPN interacts with CD44 receptor, and induces myocyte apoptosis via the involvement of endoplasmic reticulum stress and mitochondrial death pathways. Here we tested the hypothesis that OPN induces oxidative stress in myocytes and the heart via the involvement of mitochondria and NADPH oxidase-4 (NOX-4). Treatment of adult rat ventricular myocytes (ARVMs) with OPN (20 nM) increased oxidative stress as analyzed by protein carbonylation, and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels as analyzed by ROS detection kit and dichlorohydrofluorescein diacetate staining...
July 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Wen Xu, Yu-Bin Guo, Xu Li, Mei-Rong He, Si-de Liu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of palmitic acid (PA) on oxidative stress and activation of inflammasomes in hepatocytes. METHODS: To test the dose-dependent effect of PA on normal murine hepatocytes AML12, the cells were treated with 0, 0.15, 0.25 and 0.4 mmol/L of palmitic acid (PA). The cells were also divided into blank control group, 0.25 mmol/L PA group and 0.25 mmol/L PA+N-acetylcysteine (NAC) group to examine the effect of reactive oxygen species (ROS) on the activation of inflammasomes...
May 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
Chengmin Wang, Suqin Qi, Changjiang Liu, Aixia Yang, Wenjuan Fu, Chao Quan, Peng Duan, Tingting Yu, Kedi Yang
Bisphenol-A (BPA) is well known as one of endocrine-disrupting chemicals and testicular toxicant. In this present study, we determined whether BPA caused cell injury through mitochondria impairment and ROS overproduction. The cellular ROS production, mitochondrial ATP synthetase activity and Ca(2+) concentration were examined. We have found BPA caused the cellular mitochondria dysfunction and followed by cell death in Sertoli cells. Moreover cytoplasm Ca(2+) overload was also involved. Furthermore, pretreatment with N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) could alleviate the damage by causing a remarkable decrease in ROS production and mitochondrial dysfunction...
May 18, 2016: Environmental Toxicology
Ga Bin Park, Sang Hyun Park, Daejin Kim, Yeong Seok Kim, Sung Ho Yoon, Dae Young Hur
Berberine exhibits antiproliferative or cytotoxic effects against various cancers. ROS and wild-type p53 play a critical role in berberine-induced cytotoxic effects. In this study, we investigated the correlation between XAF1 and functional p53 in EBV-transformed B cells or cancerous B cells after treatment with berberine. Berberine decreased cell viability and induced apoptosis through a mitochondria-dependent pathway in EBV-transformed B cells and cancerous B cells, but not in normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells...
July 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Zheng Hu, Guixiang Lv, Yongning Li, Enze Li, Haixia Li, Qi Zhou, Bin Yang, Wenwu Cao
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) accounts for 75% of liver cancers and is the second most lethal cancer, associated with its multiple etiologies, poor prognosis and resistance to chemotherapy drugs. Chemotherapy treatment on HCC suffers low efficacy of drug uptake and can produce a range of side effects. Here we report an investigation on the effect of a combined treatment on human hepatocellular carcinoma BEL-7402 cells using low-intensity ultrasound (US) and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)...
2016: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
Yuqing Duan, Hui Xu, Xiaoping Luo, Haihui Zhang, Yuanqing He, Guibo Sun, Xiaobo Sun
In this study, autophagic effect of procyanidins from lotus (Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.) seedpod (LSPCs) on human hepatoma G2 (HepG2) cells, and the inherent correlation between autophagic levels and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation were investigated. The results showed that LSPCs increased monodansylcadaverine (MDC) fluorescence intensity and LC3-I/LC3-II conversion in HepG2 cells. In addition, the typically autophagic characteristics (autophagosomes and autolysosomes) were observed in LSPCs-treated cells, but not found in the cells treated with autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine (3-MA)...
April 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Qingjie Zhao, Hui Chen, Tao Yang, Wei Rui, Fang Liu, Fang Zhang, Yong Zhao, Wenjun Ding
BACKGROUND: Exposure of atmospheric particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5μm (PM2.5) is epidemiologically associated with illnesses. Potential effects of air pollutants on innate immunity have raised concerns. As the first defense line, macrophages are able to induce inflammatory response. However, whether PM2.5 exposure affects macrophage polarizations remains unclear. METHODS: We used freshly isolated macrophages as a model system to demonstrate effects of PM2...
December 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Kuo Du, Anwar Farhood, Hartmut Jaeschke
Acetaminophen (APAP) hepatotoxicity is characterized by an extensive mitochondrial oxidant stress. However, its importance as a drug target has not been clarified. To investigate this, fasted C57BL/6J mice were treated with 300 mg/kg APAP and the mitochondria-targeted antioxidant Mito-Tempo (MT) was given 1.5 h later. APAP caused severe liver injury in mice, as indicated by the increase in plasma ALT activities and centrilobular necrosis. MT dose-dependently reduced the injury. Importantly, MT did not affect APAP-protein adducts formation, glutathione depletion or c-jun N-terminal kinase activation and its mitochondrial translocation...
March 22, 2016: Archives of Toxicology
Yingtong Feng, Yang Yang, Chongxi Fan, Shouyin Di, Wei Hu, Shuai Jiang, Tian Li, Zhiqiang Ma, Deng Chao, Xiao Feng, Zhenlong Xin, Sainan Pang, Xiaofei Li, Xiaolong Yan
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Pterostilbene (PTE), a natural dimethylated resveratrol analog from blueberries, is known to have diverse pharmacological activities, including anticancer properties. In this study, we investigated the anticancer activity of PTE against human esophageal cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo and explored the role of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress (ERS) signaling in this process. METHODS: Cell viability, the apoptotic index, Caspase 3 activity, adhesion, migration, reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, and glutathione (GSH) levels were detected to explore the effect of PTE on human EC109 esophageal cancer cells...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Adna Halilovic, Thore Schmedt, Anne-Sophie Benischke, Cecily Hamill, Yuming Chen, Janine Hertzog Santos, Ula V Jurkunas
AIMS: Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy (FECD), a leading cause of age-related corneal edema requiring transplantation, is characterized by rosette formation of corneal endothelium with ensuing apoptosis. We sought to determine whether excess of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species leads to chronic accumulation of oxidative DNA damage and mitochondrial dysfunction, instigating cell death. RESULTS: We modeled the pathognomonic rosette formation of postmitotic corneal cells by increasing endogenous cellular oxidative stress with menadione (MN) and performed a temporal analysis of its effect in normal (HCEnC, HCECi) and FECD (FECDi) cells and ex vivo specimens...
June 20, 2016: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
Baihuan Feng, Liping Qiu, Chunmei Ye, Liangjing Chen, Yiti Fu, Wenjun Sun
PURPOSE: To investigate the biological effects of a 50-Hz magnetic field (MF) on mitochondrial permeability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human amniotic epithelial cells were exposed to MF (50 Hz, 0.4 mT) for different durations. Mitochondrial permeability, mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm), cytochrome c (Cyt-c) release and the related mechanisms were explored. RESULTS: Exposure to the MF at 0.4 mT for 60 min transiently induced mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) and Cyt-c release, although there was no significant effect on mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm)...
2016: International Journal of Radiation Biology
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