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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918116/atherosclerotic-disease-and-its-relationship-to-lumbar-degenerative-disc-disease-facet-arthritis-and-stenosis-with-computed-tomography-angiography
#1
William J Beckworth, John F Holbrook, Lisa G Foster, Laura A Ward, James R Welle
BACKGROUND: The intervertebral disc is the largest avascular structure in the body. It relies on passive diffusion from arteries at the periphery of the disc for nutrition. Prior studies have suggested a correlation between vascular disease and lumbar degenerative disc disease (DDD) but the association with facet arthritis and stenosis has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the degree of lumbar artery stenosis, aortic atherosclerosis on computed tomography angiography (CTAs) and its relationship to lumbar DDD, facet arthritis and spinal canal stenosis...
September 13, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914354/comorbidity-of-dementia-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-als-insights-from-a-large-multicenter-italian-cohort
#2
Francesca Trojsi, Mattia Siciliano, Cinzia Femiano, Gabriella Santangelo, Christian Lunetta, Andrea Calvo, Cristina Moglia, Kalliopi Marinou, Nicola Ticozzi, Gianluca Drago Ferrante, Carlo Scialò, Gianni Sorarù, Amelia Conte, Yuri M Falzone, Rosanna Tortelli, Massimo Russo, Valeria Ada Sansone, Adriano Chiò, Gabriele Mora, Barbara Poletti, Paolo Volanti, Claudia Caponnetto, Giorgia Querin, Mario Sabatelli, Nilo Riva, Giancarlo Logroscino, Sonia Messina, Antonio Fasano, Maria Rosaria Monsurrò, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Jessica Mandrioli
To assess the association, at diagnosis, between amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and dementia in a large cohort of well-characterized Italian patients. We investigated the phenotypic profile of 1638 incident patients with definite, probable or laboratory-supported probable ALS, diagnosed from January 2009 to December 2013 in 13 Italian Referral Centers, located in 10 Italian Regions, and classified in two independent subsamples accounting for presence or not of dementia. The collected ALS features, including survival and other follow-up data, were compared between the two subgroups using a one-way analysis of variance and Chi-square test, as appropriate, logistic regression models and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885293/surgeon-reimbursement-relative-to-hospital-payments-for-spinal-fusion-trends-from-10-year-medicare-analysis
#3
Nikhil Jain, Frank M Phillips, Adam L Shimer, Safdar N Khan
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, economic analysis OBJECTIVE.: To analyze the trend in hospital charge and payment adjusted to corresponding surgeon charge and payment for cervical and lumbar fusions in a Medicare sample population from 2005-2014. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Previous studies have reported trends and variation in hospital charges and payments for spinal fusion, but none have incorporated surgeon data in analysis. Knowledge of the fiscal relationship between hospitals and surgeons over time will be important for stakeholders as we move toward bundled payments...
September 6, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882522/hospital-competitive-intensity-and-perioperative-outcomes-following-lumbar-spinal-fusion
#4
Wesley M Durand, Joseph R Johnson, Neill Y Li, JaeWon Yang, Adam E M Eltorai, J Mason DePasse, Alan H Daniels
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Inter-hospital competition has been shown to influence adoption of surgical techniques and approaches, clinical patient outcomes, and healthcare resource utilization for select surgical procedures. However, little is known regarding these dynamics as they relate to spine surgery. PURPOSE: This investigation sought to examine the relationship between inter-hospital competitive intensity and perioperative outcomes following lumbar spinal fusion...
September 4, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874982/measurement-of-milwaukee-brace-pad-pressure-in-adolescent-round-back-deformity-treatment
#5
Taher Babaee, Mojtaba Kamyab, Amir Ahmadi, Mohammad Ali Sanjari, Mohammad Saleh Ganjavian
STUDY DESIGN: In this prospective study, we measured the pad pressures of the Milwaukee brace in adolescent hyperkyphosis treatment. PURPOSE: We evaluated the skin-brace interface forces exerted by the main pads of the Milwaukee brace. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: A fundamental factor associated with brace effectiveness in spinal deformity is pad force adjustment. However, few studies have evaluated the in-brace force magnitude and its effect on curve correction...
August 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868661/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-long-term-intermittent-self-catheterization-with-hydrophilic-coated-and-uncoated-catheters-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-in-japan
#6
Toyohiko Watanabe, Shingo Yamamoto, Momokazu Gotoh, Tadanori Saitoh, Osamu Yokoyama, Tatsunori Murata, Masayuki Takeda
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cost effectiveness of disposable, hydrophilic-coated catheters in Japan. METHODS: A Markov decision model previously applied in a European study was used to evaluate the cost effectiveness of intermittent self-catheterization (ISC) with hydrophilic-coated catheters in Japanese spinal cord injury (SCI) patients suffering from chronic urinary retention from a lifetime perspective. To adjust the model to a Japanese setting, relevant Japanese data regarding the baseline risk of urinary tract infection (UTI), the average age at onset of SCI, costs, and general mortality were extracted from published literature, national statistics, or the opinions of Japanese experts...
September 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863284/establishing-objective-volume-outcome-measures-for-anterior-and-posterior-cervical-spine-fusion
#7
Micah B Blais, Sean Michael Rider, Daniel J Sturgeon, Justin Blucher, Jay M Zampini, James D Kang, Andrew J Schoenfeld
OBJECTIVES: There is a growing literature on the relationship between provider volume and patient outcomes, specifically within joint arthroplasty and lumbar spine surgery. Such benchmarks have yet to be established for many other spinal procedures, including cervical fusion. We sought to determine whether outcomes-based volume measures for both surgeons and hospitals can be established for cervical spine fusion procedures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective review of patient data in the Florida Statewide Inpatient Dataset (SID; 2011-14)...
August 24, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860401/venous-thromboembolism-in-adult-elective-spinal-surgery-a-tertiary-centre-review-of-2181-patients
#8
H M T Fawi, K Saba, A Cunningham, S Masud, M Lewis, M Hossain, I Chopra, S Ahuja
AIMS: To evaluate the incidence of primary venous thromboembolism (VTE), epidural haematoma, surgical site infection (SSI), and 90-day mortality after elective spinal surgery, and the effect of two protocols for prophylaxis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 2181 adults underwent 2366 elective spinal procedures between January 2007 and January 2012. All patients wore anti-embolic stockings, mobilised early and were kept adequately hydrated. In addition, 29% (689) of these were given low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) while in hospital...
September 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858190/performance-on-balance-evaluation-systems-test-bestest-impacts-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adult-spinal-deformity-patients
#9
Lieven Moke, Pieter Severijns, Sebastiaan Schelfaut, Kristel Van de Loock, Lore Hermans, Guy Molenaers, Ilse Jonkers, Lennart Scheys
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective single-center study OBJECTIVE.: Study investigates how dynamic balance performance complements 2D static radiographic measurements and demographics in terms of understanding health-related quality of life in Adult Spinal Deformity (ASD) patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Recent insights suggest that demographic variables have a stronger impact on health-related quality of life than 2D radiographic spinopelvic parameters in ASD patients METHODS...
August 23, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856332/3d-image-fusion-to-localise-intercostal-arteries-during-tevar
#10
G Koutouzi, C Sandström, P Skoog, H Roos, M Falkenberg
PURPOSE: Preservation of intercostal arteries during thoracic aortic procedures reduces the risk of post-operative paraparesis. The origins of the intercostal arteries are visible on pre-operative computed tomography angiography (CTA), but rarely on intra-operative angiography. The purpose of this report is to suggest an image fusion technique for intra-operative localisation of the intercostal arteries during thoracic endovascular repair (TEVAR). TECHNIQUE: The ostia of the intercostal arteries are identified and manually marked with rings on the pre-operative CTA...
2017: EJVES Short Rep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837458/early-lessons-on-bundled-payment-at-an-academic-medical-center
#11
Lindsay E Jubelt, Keith S Goldfeld, Saul B Blecker, Wei-Yi Chung, John A Bendo, Joseph A Bosco, Thomas J Errico, Anthony K Frempong-Boadu, Richard Iorio, James D Slover, Leora I Horwitz
INTRODUCTION: Orthopaedic care is shifting to alternative payment models. We examined whether New York University Langone Medical Center achieved savings under the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Bundled Payments for Care Improvement initiative. METHODS: This study was a difference-in-differences study of Medicare fee-for-service patients hospitalized from April 2011 to June 2012 and October 2013 to December 2014 for lower extremity joint arthroplasty, cardiac valve procedures, or spine surgery (intervention groups), or for congestive heart failure, major bowel procedures, medical peripheral vascular disorders, medical noninfectious orthopaedic care, or stroke (control group)...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836012/a-cost-effectiveness-comparisons-of-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery-in-the-united-states-and-japan
#12
Mitsuru Yagi, Christopher P Ames, Malla Keefe, Naobumi Hosogane, Justin S Smith, Christopher I Shaffrey, Frank Schwab, Virginie Lafage, R Shay Bess, Morio Matsumoto, Kota Watanabe
PURPOSE: Information about the cost-effectiveness of surgical procedures for adult spinal deformity (ASD) is critical for providing appropriate treatments for these patients. The purposes of this study were to compare the direct cost and cost-effectiveness of surgery for ASD in the United States (US) and Japan (JP). METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 76 US and 76 JP patients receiving surgery for ASD with ≥2-year follow-up was identified. Data analysis included preoperative and postoperative demographic, radiographic, health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and direct cost for surgery...
August 23, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835174/personal-identity-narratives-of-therapeutic-songwriting-participants-following-spinal-cord-injury-a-case-series-analysis
#13
Chantal Roddy, Nikki Rickard, Jeanette Tamplin, Felicity Anne Baker
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE: Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) patients face unique identity challenges associated with physical limitations, higher comorbid depression, increased suicidality and reduced subjective well-being. Post-injury identity is often unaddressed in subacute rehabilitation environments where critical physical and functional rehabilitation goals are prioritized. Therapeutic songwriting has demonstrated prior efficacy in promoting healthy adjustment and as a means of expression for post-injury narratives...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834092/therapy-related-explants-after-spinal-cord-stimulation-results-of-an-international-retrospective-chart-review-study
#14
Jean-Pierre Van Buyten, Frank Wille, Iris Smet, Carin Wensing, Jennifer Breel, Edward Karst, Marieke Devos, Katja Pöggel-Krämer, Jan Vesper
OBJECTIVES: Clinical trials of spinal cord stimulation (SCS) have largely focused on conversion from trial to permanent SCS and the first years after implant. This study evaluates the association of type of SCS and patient characteristics with longer-term therapy-related explants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Implanting centers in three European countries conducted a retrospective chart review of SCS systems implanted from 2010 to 2013. Ethics approval or waiver was obtained, and informed consent was not required...
August 18, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833337/maternal-body-mass-index-and-regional-anaesthesia-use-at-term-prevalence-and-complications
#15
Frances M Biel, Nicole E Marshall, Jonathan M Snowden
BACKGROUND: There is an evidence gap regarding the use of regional anaesthesia (epidural, spinal, or combined epidural/spinal anaesthesia) and associated complications by maternal body mass index (BMI). We examine associations between regional anaesthesia, mode of delivery, and regional anaesthesia complications by pre-pregnancy BMI categories among term deliveries. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of births in California, 2007-2010, utilizing linked birth certificate data and patient discharge data...
August 22, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832926/thoracic-kyphosis-and-physical-function-the-framingham-study
#16
Amanda L Lorbergs, Joanne M Murabito, Mohamed Jarraya, Ali Guermazi, Brett T Allaire, Laiji Yang, Douglas P Kiel, L Adrienne Cupples, Mary L Bouxsein, Thomas G Travison, Elizabeth J Samelson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between thoracic kyphosis and physical function. DESIGN: Prospective cohort. SETTING: Framingham, Massachusetts. PARTICIPANTS: Framingham Heart Study Offspring and Third Generation cohort members who had computed tomography (CT) performed between 2002 and 2005 and physical function assessed a mean 3.4 years later (N = 1,100; mean age 61 ± 8, range 50-85). MEASUREMENTS: Thoracic kyphosis (Cobb angle, T4-T12) was measured in degrees using supine CT scout images...
August 21, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830535/association-of-bariatric-surgery-with-risk-of-acute-care-use-for-hypertension-related-disease-in-obese-adults-population-based-self-controlled-case-series-study
#17
Yuichi J Shimada, Yusuke Tsugawa, Hiroyasu Iso, David F M Brown, Kohei Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: Hypertension carries a large societal burden. Obesity is known as a risk factor for hypertension. However, little is known as to whether weight loss interventions reduce the risk of hypertension-related adverse events, such as acute care use (emergency department [ED] visit and/or unplanned hospitalization). We used bariatric surgery as an instrument for investigating the effect of large weight reduction on the risk of acute care use for hypertension-related disease in obese adults with hypertension...
August 23, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827209/plasma-leptin-and-reduced-fev1-and-fvc-in-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#18
Eric Garshick, Palak Walia, Rebekah Goldstein, Merilee Teylan, Antonio Lazzari, Carlos G Tun, Jaime E Hart
BACKGROUND: Adipose tissue produces leptin, which is pro-inflammatory, and adiponectin, which has anti-inflammatory properties. Participants with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) have increased body fat and are at increased risk for respiratory illness. OBJECTIVE: To assess associations between leptin and adiponectin with pulmonary function in a chronic SCI cohort. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Veterans Affairs Medical Center...
August 18, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827208/gender-dimorphism-in-central-adiposity-may-explain-metabolic-dysfunction-after-spinal-cord-injury
#19
Ashraf S Gorgey, Gary J Farkas, David R Dolbow, Refka E Khalil, David R Gater
BACKGROUND: Increase in visceral adipose tissue (VAT) is an independent risk for mortality and other health related comorbidities. OBJECTIVE: To examine the gender differences in VAT and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) cross-sectional areas (CSA) between men and women with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI). The differences in the distribution of central adiposity were used to determine the association of VAT and SAT to metabolic dysfunction after SCI. DESIGN: cross-sectional design SETTING: hospital based study PARTICIPANTS: Sixteen individuals [8 men and 8 women] with motor complete SCI were matched based on age, time since injury and level of injury...
August 18, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816896/factors-associated-with-adverse-events-in-inpatient-elective-spine-knee-and-hip-orthopaedic-surgery
#20
Dov B Millstone, Anthony V Perruccio, Elizabeth M Badley, Y Raja Rampersaud
BACKGROUND: Orthopaedic procedures for degenerative musculoskeletal conditions (predominantly osteoarthritis and spinal stenosis) represent an increasing burden on the health-care system. These procedures are also associated with adverse event rates and related cost. The objective of this study was to identify risk factors for adverse events associated with orthopaedic surgeries as captured within a common clinical point-of-care system for documenting adverse events (Orthopaedic Surgical AdVerse Events Severity [OrthoSAVES] system)...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
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