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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683857/management-of-tibial-bow-in-fibular-deficiency
#1
David E Westberry, Ashley M Carpenter, John Barrera, Alison Westberry
BACKGROUND: Deformity of the tibia, including shortening and angulation, may accompany severe forms of postaxial hypoplasia (fibular deficiency). The current literature reflects varying opinions on the appropriate management for tibial deformity in the setting of fibular deficiency. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review to determine outcomes of tibial deformity correction in patients with a primary diagnosis of fibular deficiency. Clinical and radiographic outcomes of patients treated with foot ablation were reviewed to establish indications for tibial deformity correction, identify occurrence of additional surgical procedures related to limb alignment or deformity, and characterize difficulties with prosthetic wear potentially related to residual or recurrent tibial deformity...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683839/obesity-impacts-swelling-of-ankle-and-foot-joints-in-early-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#2
Veena K Ranganath, Erin L Duffy, Vikram K Garg, Thasia Woodworth, Mihaela Taylor, Harold E Paulus, Roy D Altman, David A Elashoff
OBJECTIVE: The evaluation of disease activity in obese rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients presents challenges particularly in the clinical assessment of swollen joints. This study examines the effect of obesity on the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) core set measures used in assessing RA disease activity with specific focus on the swollen joint count (SJC). METHODS: We examined a cross-sectional cohort of 323 early seropositive RA patients (symptom duration ≤15 months)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683794/the-mount-sinai-international-enhancement-of-social-work-leadership-program-the-past-and-the-future
#3
Elisa Gordon, Karen Green, Louisa Whitwam, Irwin Epstein, Susan Bernstein
Developed in 1988, the Mount Sinai International Enhancement of Social Work Leadership Program brings 4-6 social workers from several countries each year to the Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City, where they meet with leaders from the hospital, community based organizations and graduate schools of social work, to enhance their leadership ability, strengthen management and research skills, and build upon global social work relationships. This article reviews the results of a survey conducted in 2016 to assess whether the visiting scholars met established learning objectives of the Program...
July 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683788/communication-about-prognosis-with-adolescent-and-young-adult-patients-with-cancer-information-needs-prognostic-awareness-and-outcomes-of-disclosure
#4
Jennifer W Mack, Karen M Fasciano, Susan D Block
Purpose Communication about prognosis affects decisions patients and family members make about cancer care, and most patients say they want to know about their chances of cure. We sought to evaluate experiences with prognosis communication among adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer. Patients and Methods We surveyed 203 AYAs with cancer age 15 to 29 years (response rate, 74%) treated at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and their oncologists. Patients were approached within 6 weeks of diagnosis and asked to report on their prognosis communication preferences and experiences, their beliefs about likelihood of cure, and psychosocial outcomes of communication, such as trust (using an item from the Trust in Physician Scale), peace of mind (using select items from the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual Well-Being Scale), and anxiety and depression (using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale)...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683210/measured-moisture-in-buildings-and-adverse-health-effects-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Mark J Mendell, Janet M Macher, Kazukiyo Kumagai
It has not yet been possible to quantify dose-related health risks attributable to indoor dampness or mold (D/M), to support the setting of health-related limits for D/M. An overlooked target for assessing D/M is moisture in building materials, the critical factor allowing microbial growth. A search for studies of quantified building moisture and occupant health effects identified three eligible studies. Two studies assessed associations between measured wall moisture content and respiratory health in the UK...
April 23, 2018: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683035/is-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-related-thrombosis-associated-with-abo-blood-group-a-case-control-pilot-study
#6
Raad A Haddad, Yanal Alnimer, Ahmed Abdalla, Carlos F Ríos-Bedoya, Ghassan Bachuwa
Peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) use is associated with many complications including line-related thrombosis. Several studies and meta-analyses confirmed the increased risk to develop venous thromboembolism in non-O blood group individuals. Our pilot study aimed to examine whether PICC-related thrombosis is influenced by ABO blood group. We identified patients admitted to Hurley Medical Center between March 2012 and March 2016 who had PICC placed during their admission, had their ABO blood group identified in their medical record, and had upper extremity venous Doppler ultrasound performed on the same side of PICC...
January 1, 2018: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681181/failed-umbilical-artery-catheterization-and-adverse-outcomes-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants
#7
Matthew B Wallenstein, Gary M Shaw, Wei Yang, David K Stevenson
PURPOSE: To determine whether successful catheterization of the umbilical artery is associated with a reduced risk of death or neurodevelopment impairment among critically ill extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review was conducted between 2007 and 2014 at Stanford University for all ELBW infants that required intubation immediately after birth. The primary outcome was death or neurodevelopmental impairment at 18-22 months...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680417/gender-specific-independent-and-combined-dose-response-association-of-napping-and-night-sleep-duration-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-rural-chinese-adults-the-ruraldiab-study
#8
Ruihua Liu, Yuqian Li, Zhenxing Mao, Xiaotian Liu, Haiqing Zhang, Kaili Yang, Honglei Zhang, Runqi Tu, Xinling Qian, Jingjing Jiang, Ronghai Bie, Chongjian Wang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the independent and combined dose-response association of napping and night sleep duration with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) among different genders in the rural Chinese population. METHODS: For this research, a total of 19,257 participants were enrolled in the Rural Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle (RuralDiab) study. Napping and night sleep duration were assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Restricted cubic splines and logistic regression were used to estimate the relationship between napping and night sleep duration with T2DM...
May 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679410/associations-of-ultra-processed-food-and-drink-products-with-asthma-and-wheezing-among-brazilian-adolescents
#9
B Melo, L Rezende, P Machado, N Gouveia, R Levy
BACKGROUND: Although both consumption of ultra-processed products and asthma are common during adolescence, the epidemiological evidence in regarding their association is unclear. We investigated the associations of ultra-processed products consumption with asthma and wheezing in a representative sample of Brazilian adolescents. METHODS: We used data from a representative sample of 109,104 Brazilian adolescents enrolled in the National Survey of School Health, 2012...
April 21, 2018: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674248/frequency-of-participation-and-association-with-functioning-in-adolescents-born-extremely-preterm-findings-from-a-population-based-cohort-in-northern-germany
#10
K Sell, M Rapp, H Muehlan, J Spiegler, U Thyen
BACKGROUND: Outcomes after extremely preterm birth (<28 weeks gestation) have been studied intensely, and follow-up into adulthood is well-established. Following the introduction of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, participation has been recognized to be a relevant outcome in rehabilitation research. During adolescence, participation is crucial to adapting to new social roles. The aim of our study was to investigate participation in the domains Autonomy, Relationships and Community Recreation...
April 16, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673117/mitochondrial-dna-copy-number-is-associated-with-risk-of-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-chinese-population
#11
Lihua Wang, Hong Lv, Pei Ji, Xun Zhu, Hua Yuan, Guangfu Jin, Juncheng Dai, Zhibin Hu, Yuxiong Su, Hongxia Ma
Mitochondria show the special role in cellular bioenergy and many essential physiological activities. Previous researches have suggested that variations of mitochondrial DNA copy number contribute to development of different types of carcinomas. However, the relationship of mtDNA copy number in peripheral blood leukocytes (PBLs) with the risk of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is still inconclusive. We investigated the association of mtDNA with HNSCC risk through a case-control study including 570 HNSCC cases and 597 cancer-free controls...
April 19, 2018: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672546/spoken-language-identification-based-on-the-enhanced-self-adjusting-extreme-learning-machine-approach
#12
Musatafa Abbas Abbood Albadr, Sabrina Tiun, Fahad Taha Al-Dhief, Mahmoud A M Sammour
Spoken Language Identification (LID) is the process of determining and classifying natural language from a given content and dataset. Typically, data must be processed to extract useful features to perform LID. The extracting features for LID, based on literature, is a mature process where the standard features for LID have already been developed using Mel-Frequency Cepstral Coefficients (MFCC), Shifted Delta Cepstral (SDC), the Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM) and ending with the i-vector based framework. However, the process of learning based on extract features remains to be improved (i...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669161/latest-advances-in-cardiac-valvular-replacement
#13
Ruggero De Paulis, Salvatore D'Aleo, Ilaria Chirichilli, Luca Paolo Weltert
The original monograph on valvular prostheses in Surgical Technology International was published in 1993. It represents a milestone and a reference point for critically organizing information on a complex and rapidly evolving topic. The last update was published in 2010. Since then, there have been significant developments regarding both "traditional" surgical prosthesis and valves for transcatheter implantation. Both bioprostheses and mechanical prostheses continue to evolve with respect to both their design and materials to further optimize hemodynamics and prevent a patient-prosthesis mismatch...
April 18, 2018: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667718/trajectories-of-psychopathology-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-survivors-from-early-adolescence-to-adulthood-a-20-year-longitudinal-study
#14
Ryan J Van Lieshout, Mark A Ferro, Louis A Schmidt, Michael H Boyle, Saroj Saigal, Katherine M Morrison, Karen J Mathewson
BACKGROUND: Individuals born extremely preterm are exposed to significant perinatal stresses that are associated with an increased risk of psychopathology. However, a paucity of longitudinal studies has prevented the empirical examination of long-term, dynamic effects of perinatal adversity on mental health. Here, internalizing and externalizing problems from adolescence through adulthood were compared in individuals born at extremely low birth weight (ELBW; <1,000 g) and normal birth weight (NBW; >2,500 g)...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667109/ideal-cardiovascular-health-among-ghanaian-populations-in-three-european-countries-and-rural-and-urban-ghana-the-rodam-study
#15
Benjamin van Nieuwenhuizen, Mohammad Hadi Zafarmand, Erik Beune, Karlijn Meeks, Ama de-Graft Aikins, Juliet Addo, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Frank P Mockenhaupt, Silver Bahendeka, Matthias B Schulze, Ina Danquah, Joachim Spranger, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Lambert Tetteh Appiah, Liam Smeeth, Karien Stronks, Charles Agyemang
Cardiovascular health (CVH) is a construct defined by the American Heart Association (AHA) as part of its 2020 Impact Goal definition. CVH has, until now, not been evaluated in Sub-Saharan African populations. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in the prevalence of ideal CVH and its constituent metrics among Ghanaians living in rural and urban Ghana and Ghanaian migrants living in three European countries. The AHA definition of CVH is based on 7 metrics: smoking, body mass index, diet, physical activity, blood pressure, total cholesterol, and fasting plasma glucose...
April 17, 2018: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667035/hatching-delays-in-great-tits-and-blue-tits-in-response-to-an-extreme-cold-spell-a-long-term-study
#16
Michał Glądalski, Mirosława Bańbura, Adam Kaliński, Marcin Markowski, Joanna Skwarska, Jarosław Wawrzyniak, Piotr Zieliński, Jerzy Bańbura
Variation in ambient temperature affects various life stages of organisms. It has been suggested that climate change not only implies higher global temperatures but also more unpredictable weather and more frequent extreme weather events. Temperature has a major influence on the optimal laying-incubation-hatching dates of insectivorous passerines, because it poses energetic constraints and affects the timing of food abundance. We have been studying breeding characteristics of great tits Parus major and blue tits Cyanistes caeruleus in two areas, an urban parkland and a deciduous forest, around the city of Łódź since 2002...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666163/neurodevelopmental-impairment-among-extremely-preterm-infants-in-the-neonatal-research-network
#17
Ira Adams-Chapman, Roy J Heyne, Sara B DeMauro, Andrea F Duncan, Susan R Hintz, Athina Pappas, Betty R Vohr, Scott A McDonald, Abhik Das, Jamie E Newman, Rosemary D Higgins
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the spectrum of neurodevelopmental outcome in a contemporary cohort of extremely preterm infants. We hypothesize that the rate of severe neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) decreases over time. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of neurodevelopmental outcome of preterm infants ≤27 weeks' gestational age (GA) from a Neonatal Research Network center that completed neurodevelopmental follow-up assessments between April 1, 2011, and January 1, 2015...
April 17, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664891/reinventing-the-wheel-impact-of-prolonged-antibiotic-exposure-on-multi-drug-resistant-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-in-trauma-patients
#18
Richard H Lewis, John P Sharpe, Joseph M Swanson, Timothy C Fabian, Martin A Croce, Louis J Magnotti
INTRODUCTION: Multi-drug resistant (MDR) strains of both Acinetobacter baumannii (AB) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) as causative VAP pathogens are becoming increasingly common. Still, the risk factors associated with this increased resistance have yet to be elucidated. The purpose of this study was to examine the changing sensitivity patterns of these pathogens over time and determine which risk factors predict MDR in trauma patients with VAP. METHODS: Patients with either AB or PA VAP over 10 years were stratified by pathogen sensitivity (sensitive (SEN) and MDR), age, severity of shock and injury severity...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664498/-hypophosphatemia-in-preterm-infants-a-bimodal-disorder
#19
María Paz Cubillos Celis, Patricia Mena Nannig
New nutritional approaches to treat extreme premature babies have demonstrated relevant eviden ce of metabolic disturbances with early hypophosphatemia, especially in patients with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). They have shown late hypophosphatemia, as well, which is characteristic in the metabolic bone disease. A sytematic search of literature describing metabolic disturbances of phosphorus in preterm newborns is presented, related to the use of early parenteral nutrition and also in the context of metabolic bone disease...
February 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664152/evaluation-on-the-use-of-bias-factors-with-water-monitoring-data
#20
Paul L Mosquin, Jeremy Aldworth, Wenlin Chen
Aquatic exposure assessments using surface water quality monitoring data are often challenged by missing extreme concentrations if sampling frequency is less than daily. A bias factor method has been previously proposed to address this concern for peak concentrations, where a bias factor is a multiplicative quantity to upwardly adjust estimates so that the true value is exceeded 95% of the time. In other words, bias factors are statistically protective adjustments. We evaluate this method using a research dataset of 69 near-daily sampled site-years from the Atrazine Ecological Monitoring Program (AEMP), dividing the dataset into 23 reference and 46 validation site-years...
April 17, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
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