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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920223/correlation-between-pubic-hair-grooming-and-stis-results-from-a-nationally-representative-probability-sample
#1
E Charles Osterberg, Thomas W Gaither, Mohannad A Awad, Matthew D Truesdale, Isabel Allen, Siobhan Sutcliffe, Benjamin N Breyer
OBJECTIVE: STIs are the most common infections among adults. Concurrently, pubic hair grooming is prevalent. Small-scale studies have demonstrated a relationship between pubic hair grooming and STIs. We aim to examine this relationship in a large sample of men and women. DESIGN: We conducted a probability survey of US residents aged 18-65 years. The survey ascertained self-reported pubic hair grooming practices, sexual behaviours and STI history. We defined extreme grooming as removal of all pubic hair more than 11 times per year and high-frequency grooming as daily/weekly trimming...
December 5, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919650/association-between-dysfunction-of-upper-extremity-and-locomotive-syndrome-in-general-population
#2
Tsuyoshi Tajika, Atsushi Yamamoto, Noboru Oya, Chisa Okura, Satoshi Shinagawa, Takanori Kitagawa, Hiroki Kobayashi, Haku Iizuka, Kenji Takagishi
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the relation between self-assessment of upper extremity function and locomotive syndrome in a general population. METHODS: Using the 25-question Geriatric Locomotive Function (GLFS-25) test, 320 Japanese people (115 men, 205 women, mean age 67.6 years, 40-92 years) were evaluated for locomotive dysfunction. All had completed a self-administered questionnaire including items for sex, weight, height, dominant hand, and the degree of frequency of hand in ADL...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919437/fertile-lifespan-characteristics-and-all-cause-and-cause-specific-mortality-among-postmenopausal-women-the-rotterdam-study
#3
Loes Jaspers, Maryam Kavousi, Nicole S Erler, Albert Hofman, Joop S E Laven, Oscar H Franco
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the relation between established and previously unexplored characteristics of the fertile life with all-cause and cause-specific mortality. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): A total of 4,076 postmenopausal women. INTERVENTION(S): Women's fertile lifespan (age at menarche to menopause), number of children, maternal age at first and last child, maternal lifespan (interval between maternal age at first and last child), postmaternal fertile lifespan (interval between age at last child and menopause), lifetime cumulative number of menstrual cycles, and unopposed cumulative endogenous estrogen (E) exposure...
December 2, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916117/specific-mixing-facilitates-the-comparative-quantification-of-phosphorylation-sites-with-significant-dysregulations
#4
Jing Liu, Bo Xu, Zheyi Liu, Mingming Dong, Jiawei Mao, Ye Zhou, Jin Chen, Fangjun Wang, Hanfa Zou
Mass spectrometry (MS) based quantitative analyses of proteome and proteome post-translational modifications (PTMs) play more and more important roles in biological, pharmaceutical and clinical studies. However, it is still a big challenge to accurately quantify the proteins or proteins PTM sites with extreme relative abundances in comparative protein samples, such as the significantly dysregulated ones. Herein, a novel quantification strategy, Mixing at Specific Ratio (MaSR) before isotope labeling, had been developed to improve the quantification accuracy and coverage of extreme proteins and protein phosphorylation sites...
January 15, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915200/effects-of-prophylactic-indomethacin-on-vasopressor-dependent-hypotension-in-extremely-preterm-infants
#5
Melissa Liebowitz, Jane Koo, Andrea Wickremasinghe, Isabel Elaine Allen, Ronald I Clyman
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a moderate-to-large patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is responsible for vasopressor-dependent hypotension, occurring at the end of the first postnatal week. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective, double cohort controlled study of infants delivered at ≤27(+6) weeks' gestation (n = 313). From January 2004 through April 2011, all infants were treated with prophylactic indomethacin ([PINDO] epoch). From May 2011 through December 2015, no infant was treated with indomethacin until at least 8 postnatal days (conservative epoch)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914146/pregnancy-and-delivery-in-a-generalized-dystonia-patient-treated-with-internal-globus-pallidal-deep-brain-stimulation-a-case-report
#6
Hye Ran Park, Jae Meen Lee, Hyeyoung Park, Chae Won Shin, Han Joon Kim, Hee Pyoung Park, Dong Gyu Kim, Beom Seok Jeon, Sun Ha Paek
Internal globus pallidus (GPi) deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been widely accepted as an effective treatment modality of medically refractory dystonia. However, there have been few studies regarding the safety issue of pregnancy and childbirth related with DBS. This report describes a female patient who was pregnant and delivered a baby after GPi DBS surgery. A 33-year-old female patient with acquired generalized dystonia underwent bilateral GPi DBS implantation. She obtained considerable improvement in both movement and disability after DBS implantation...
January 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913900/bone-mineral-density-of-extremities-is-associated-with-coronary-calcification-and-biopsy-verified-vascular-calcification-in-living-donor-renal-transplant-recipients
#7
Zhimin Chen, Jia Sun, Mathias Haarhaus, Peter Barany, Lars Wennberg, Jonaz Ripsweden, Torkel B Brismar, Bengt Lindholm, Annika Wernerson, Magnus Söderberg, Peter Stenvinkel, Abdul Rashid Qureshi
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) mineral and bone disorders (CKD-MBD) may lead to low bone mineral density (BMD) and vascular calcification (VC), but links to the latter are unclear. Here we investigated associations between BMD, coronary artery calcium (CAC) scores, and histological signs of VC in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing living-donor kidney transplantation (LD-Rtx). In 66 ESRD patients (median age 45 years, 68% males), BMD (by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, DXA), CAC score (by computed tomography, CT; n = 54), and degree of VC score (graded by histological examination of epigastric artery specimens collected at LD-Rtx; n = 55) were assessed at the time of LD-Rtx...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911562/macroscopic-model-for-head-on-binary-droplet-collisions-in-a-gaseous-medium
#8
Jie Li
In this Letter, coalescence-bouncing transitions of head-on binary droplet collisions are predicted by a novel macroscopic model based entirely on fundamental laws of physics. By making use of the lubrication theory of Zhang and Law [Phys. Fluids 23, 042102 (2011)], we have modified the Navier-Stokes equations to accurately account for the rarefied nature of the interdroplet gas film. Through the disjoint pressure model, we have incorporated the intermolecular van der Waals forces. Our model does not use any adjustable (empirical) parameters...
November 18, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910671/a-high-speed-compact-microwave-interferometer-for-density-fluctuation-measurements-in-sino-united-spherical-tokamak
#9
H Zhong, Y Tan, Y Q Liu, H Q Xie, Z Gao
A single-channel 3 mm interferometer has been developed for plasma density diagnostics in the Sino-UNIted Spherical Tokamak (SUNIST). The extremely compact microwave interferometer utilizes one corrugated feed horn antenna for both emitting and receiving the microwave. The beam path lies on the equatorial plane so the system would not suffer from beam path deflection problems due to the symmetry of the cross section. A focusing lens group and an oblique vacuum window are carefully designed to boost the signal to noise ratio, which allows this system to show good performance even with the small-diameter central column itself as a reflector, without a concave mirror...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909090/alcohol-intake-and-risk-of-incident-melanoma-a-pooled-analysis-of-three-prospective-studies-in-the-united-states
#10
Andrew Rivera, Hongmei Nan, Tricia Li, Abrar Qureshi, Eunyoung Cho
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption is associated with increased risk of numerous cancers, but existing evidence for an association with melanoma is equivocal. No study has evaluated the association with different anatomic locations of melanoma. METHODS: We used data from three large prospective cohort studies to investigate whether alcohol intake was associated with risk of melanoma. Alcohol intake was assessed repeatedly by food-frequency questionnaires. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to calculate multivariate-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs)...
December 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908892/resting-heart-rate-trajectory-pattern-predicts-arterial-stiffness-in-a-community-based-chinese-cohort
#11
Shuhua Chen, Weijuan Li, Cheng Jin, Anand Vaidya, Jingli Gao, Hui Yang, Shouling Wu, Xiang Gao
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the long-term resting heart rate (RHR) pattern can predict the risk of having arterial stiffness in a large ongoing cohort study. APPROACH AND RESULTS: This community-based cohort included 12 554 participants in the Kailun study, who were free of myocardial infarction, stroke, arrhythmia, and cancer. We used latent mixture modeling to identify RHR trajectories in 2006, 2008, and 2010. We used multivariate linear regression model to examine the association between RHR trajectory patterns and the risk of having arterial stiffness, which was assessed by brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity in 2010 to 2016...
December 1, 2016: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908824/arteriographic-patterns-of-atherosclerosis-and-the-association-between-diabetes-mellitus-and-ethnicity-in-chronic-critical-limb-ischemia
#12
Jayer Chung, J Gregory Modrall, Martyn Knowles, Qun Xiang, Lawrence A Lavery, Carlos H Timaran, R James Valentine
BACKGROUND: Disparate outcomes in critical limb ischemia (CLI) persist between ethnicities. The contribution of modifiable factors versus intrinsic biologic differences remains unclear. Hence, we aimed to quantify the associations between ethnicity and anatomic patterns of arterial occlusive disease in CLI, adjusting for known atherosclerotic risk factors. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, single-center review of consecutive patients presenting to the vascular surgery service with CLI...
November 28, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907890/association-of-muscle-endurance-fatigability-and-strength-with-functional-limitation-and-mortality-in-the-health-aging-and-body-composition-study
#13
Baback Roshanravan, Kushang V Patel, Linda F Fried, Cassianne Robinson-Cohen, Ian H de Boer, Tamara Harris, Rachel A Murphy, Suzanne Satterfield, Bret H Goodpaster, Michael Shlipak, Anne B Newman, Bryan Kestenbaum
BACKGROUND: Mobility limitation is highly prevalent among older adults and is central to the loss of functional independence. Dynamic isokinetic muscle fatigue testing may reveal increased vulnerability to disability and mortality beyond strength testing. METHODS: We studied community-dwelling older adults enrolled in the Health Aging and Body Composition study (age range: 71-82) free of mobility disability and who underwent isokinetic muscle fatigue testing in 1999-2000 (n = 1,963)...
October 21, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906643/sports-and-recreation-related-injury-episodes-in-the-united-states-2011-2014
#14
Yahtyng Sheu, Li-Hui Chen, Holly Hedegaard
Objective-Much of the research on sports- and recreation-related injuries focuses on a specific population, activity, or type of injury, and national estimates of the total burden of sports- and recreation-related injuries are limited. This study provides national estimates of the injury burden and examines the distribution of sports- and recreation-related injuries across demographic groups, activities, and injury circumstances. Methods-Information on medically attended injury episodes for persons aged 5 years and over were obtained from the 2011-2014 National Health Interview Survey...
November 2016: National Health Statistics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901117/sex-specific-association-between-uric-acid-and-outcomes-after-acute-ischemic-stroke-a-prospective-study-from-catis-trial
#15
Li-Hua Chen, Chongke Zhong, Tan Xu, Tian Xu, Yanbo Peng, Aili Wang, Jinchao Wang, Hao Peng, Qunwei Li, Zhong Ju, Deqin Geng, Jintao Zhang, Yongqiu Li, Yonghong Zhang, Jiang He
The relationship between serum uric acid (UA) and outcomes after acute ischemic stroke remains debatable in human studies, and the sex effect on this association has yet to be explored. Here, we investigated these associations in a prospective study from the China Antihypertensive Trial in Acute Ischemic Stroke. Baseline UA levels were measured in 3284 acute ischemic stroke patients. Primary outcome was defined as a combination of death and major disability (modified Rankin Scale score ≥3) at 3 months. UA levels were significantly higher in men than women (310...
November 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899124/outcomes-after-helicopter-versus-ground-emergency-medical-services-for-major-trauma-propensity-score-and-instrumental-variable-analyses-a-retrospective-nationwide-cohort-study
#16
Asuka Tsuchiya, Yusuke Tsutsumi, Hideo Yasunaga
BACKGROUND: Because of a lack of randomized controlled trials and the methodological weakness of currently available observational studies, the benefits of helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) over ground emergency medical services (GEMS) for major trauma patients remain uncertain. The aim of this retrospective nationwide cohort study was to compare the mortality of adults with serious traumatic injuries who were transported by HEMS and GEMS, and to analyze the effects of HEMS in various subpopulations...
November 29, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899071/having-a-usual-source-of-care-and-its-associated-factors-in-korean-adults-a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-2012-korea-health-panel-survey
#17
Ah Reum An, Kyoungwoo Kim, Jae-Ho Lee, Nak-Jin Sung, Sang-Il Lee, Min Kyung Hyun
BACKGROUND: Usual source of care (USC) is one of the hallmarks of primary care. We aimed to examine the status of having a USC and its patient-related sociodemographic factors among Korean adults. METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2012 Korea Health Panel survey. Panel participants were selected for the study who were aged 18 years or older and who replied to questionnaire items on having a USC (n = 11,935). RESULTS: Of the participants, 21...
November 29, 2016: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899049/underreporting-of-complete-uterine-rupture-and-uterine-dehiscence-in-women-with-previous-cesarean-section
#18
Maria Fogelberg, Anton Baranov, Andreas Herbst, Olga Vikhareva
OBJECTIVE: To determine the true incidence of complete uterine rupture and uterine dehiscence among women delivered by cesarean section after a previous cesarean section. METHODS: Medical records of all women who delivered at University Hospital in Malmö, Sweden, during 2005-2009 (n = 21420) were retrieved from the electronic patient record system (EPRS). After adjustment for inaccuracies, 716 women who had undergone repeat cesarean section were identified and their operation reports were reviewed...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896952/muscle-strength-in-breast-cancer-patients-receiving-different-treatment-regimes
#19
Oliver Klassen, Martina E Schmidt, Cornelia M Ulrich, Andreas Schneeweiss, Karin Potthoff, Karen Steindorf, Joachim Wiskemann
BACKGROUND: Muscle dysfunction and sarcopenia have been associated with poor performance status, an increased mortality risk, and greater side effects in oncologic patients. However, little is known about how performance is affected by cancer therapy. We investigated muscle strength in breast cancer patients in different adjuvant treatment settings and also compared it with data from healthy individuals. METHODS: Breast cancer patients (N = 255) from two randomized controlled exercise trials, staged 0-III and aged 54...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896362/the-association-between-urinary-sodium-to-potassium-ratio-and-bone-density-in-middle-aged-chinese-adults
#20
W T Cao, J He, G D Chen, C Wang, R Qiu, Y M Chen
: The joint effect of sodium and potassium on bone health remains uncertain. We examined the associations between urinary excretion of sodium, potassium, and their ratio and bone mineral density (BMD), and reported an inverse association between urinary sodium-to-potassium ratio and BMD in women, but not in men. INTRODUCTION: Several studies have suggested that a higher sodium or lower potassium intake is associated with poor bone health. However, few studies have examined their joint effects...
November 28, 2016: Osteoporosis International
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