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Francesca Bagnato, Janine Good
BACKGROUND: Migraine is a chronic debilitating disorder. Selected antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are proposed as preventives for migraine. Clinical efficacy and side effects of these AEDs are discussed. SUMMARY OF REVIEW: The American Academy of Neurology and the American Society of Headache classify topiramate (TPM) and divalproex sodium (DVPX) as Level-A medications and recommend offering them to patients for migraine prophylaxis. Their mechanism(s) of actions remains not entirely known...
March 2016: Headache
Riza Gultekin, Sean Huang, Ornella Clavisi, Loyal Pattuwage, Thomas C König, Russell Gruen
INTRODUCTION: Providing current, reliable and evidence based information for clinicians and researchers in a synthesised and summarised way can be challenging particularly in the area of traumatic brain injury where a vast number of reviews exists. These reviews vary in their methodological quality and are scattered across varying sources. In this paper, we present an overview of systematic reviews that evaluate the pharmacological interventions in traumatic brain injury (TBI). By doing this, we aim to evaluate the existing evidence for improved outcomes in TBI with pharmacological interventions, and to identify gaps in the literature to inform future research...
March 2016: Injury
Zhaoxia Li, Zhuanglei Gao, Chengjuan Jin, Qinghui Guo, Lihua Wang, Shandan Wang, Xue Zhang, Yayun Wang
Leviteracetam (LEV) is a novel antiepileptic drug with improved tolerance and safety, while carbamazepine (CBZ) represents classical antiepileptic drugs. So far, a systemic comparison of the efficacy and side effects of these two drugs is lacking. A literature review on the comparison of leviteracetam versus carbamazepine for patients with epilepsy was performed up to September 2013 using PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library and ISI web of science. Finally, 3 randomized controlled trials (RCT) studies met the criteria on comparing the efficacy of leviteracetam versus carbamazepine for patients with epilepsy were included for meta-analysis...
December 2014: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Syed Nabeel Zafar, Abdul Ahad Khan, Asfar Ayaz Ghauri, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim
BACKGROUND: Current standard therapy for seizure prophylaxis in Neuro-surgical patients involves the use of Phenytoin (PHY). However, a new drug Levetiracetam (LEV) is emerging as an alternate treatment choice. We aimed to conduct a meta-analysis to compare these two drugs in patients with brain injury. METHODS: An electronic search was performed in using Pubmed, Embase, and CENTRAL. We included studies that compared the use of LEV vs. PHY for seizure prophylaxis for brain injured patients (Traumatic brain injury, intracranial hemorrhage, intracranial neoplasms, and craniotomy)...
2012: BMC Neurology
A Korchounov, T Tabatadze, D Spivak, W Rössy
Epilepsy-related employment prevalence and retirement incidence were investigated in the German working population from 1994 to 2009. The overall mean prevalence of employment of people with epilepsy was 5.1±0.2 per 1000 workers. The employment rate among people with epilepsy increased from 63.5% in 1994 to 65.9% in 2000 (0.4% annually) and then more steeply from 66.8% in 2001 to 76.9% in 2009 (1.4% annually). A prominent increase in rate of employment of people with epilepsy since 2001 was temporarily associated with approval of leviteracetam in 2000 (P<0...
February 2012: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
C Roncero, A Rodríguez-Urrutia, L Grau-López, M Casas
The disorders classified as control of the impulses; explosive intermittent disorder, pathological gambling, kleptomania, pyromania, pathological gambling, hair pullers, compulsive purchases, skin picking and onychophagia are a heterogeneous set of clinical entities, most of them with little prevalence. Nevertheless, they cause important personal and social dysfunctions and present great comorbidity with other psychiatric disorders. Antipsychotics, antidepressive agents, serotoninergic agonists, naltrexone, beta blockers antiandrogen, lithium and anticonvulsants have been used in their pharmacological treatment...
July 2009: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
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