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pap smear and cervical cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153055/routine-colonoscopy-diabetic-eye-care-mammogram-and-pap-smear-screening-in-vascular-surgery-patients
#1
Young Lee, Afsha Aurshina, Aaron J Lee, Israel M Ackerman, Michael Chait, Daniel Novak, Anil Hingorani, Enrico Ascher, Natalie Marks
Objective An increasing emphasis on preventive medicine has been supported by the recent reforms in United States health care system. Majority of the patients seen in vascular surgery clinics are elderly with more extensive medical comorbidities compared to the general population. Thus, these patients would be expected at higher risk for common malignant pathologies such as colon, breast and cervical cancer, and nonmalignant diseases such as diabetic retinopathy. This study looked at the screening compliance of vascular patients compared to data provided by Centers for Disease Control on the national and state levels...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143102/diagnostic-performance-of-hpv-e6-e7-mrna-assay-for-detection-of-cervical-high-grade-intraepithelial-neoplasia-and-cancer-among-women-with-ascus-papanicolaou-smears
#2
Chenchen Ren, Yuanhang Zhu, Li Yang, Xiaoan Zhang, Ling Liu, Chunying Ren
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical performance of high risk (HR) HPV E6/E7 mRNA assay in detecting cervical high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia and cancer among women with atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) Papanicolaou (Pap) smears. METHODS: A total of 160 patients with ASCUS who underwent HR-HPV DNA assay, HR-HPV E6/E7 mRNA assay and colposcopy biopsy at Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, China, from December 2015 to March 2017, were enrolled...
November 15, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136626/comparison-of-visual-inspection-with-acetic-acid-and-the-pap-smear-for-cervical-cancer-screening
#3
Parul Sinha, Pritika Srivastava, Anand Srivastava
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) in the early detection of cervical cancer and compare it with the Pap smear. STUDY DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study conducted over a period of 3 months. A total of 316 patients who attended the Gynecology Outpatient Department of Era's Lucknow Medical College and Hospital, fulfilled the inclusion criteria, and gave their informed consent were included. RESULTS: VIA was found positive in 38 patients (12...
November 15, 2017: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135538/cervical-morbidity-in-alsace-france-results-from-a-regional-organized-cervical-cancer-screening-program
#4
Jean-Jacques Baldauf, Muriel Fender, Christine Bergeron, Emilie Marrer, Michel Velten, Pierre Pradat, Marc Arbyn
In 1994, a pilot program of cervical cancer screening was introduced in the Alsace region, France. Women aged 25-65 years were proposed to have one Pap smear every 3 years. The objective was to assess cervical morbidity in Alsace before the human papillomavirus vaccinated population reaches the age of screening. Data on cervical lesions and cancers were collected by EVE for the period September 2008 to August 2011 from existing medical services and cytopathology laboratories in Alsace. Cytological and histological data were completed with data from the two cancer registries covering the region (Bas-Rhin and Haut-Rhin)...
November 13, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120838/acceptability-and-feasibility-of-a-community-based-participatory-research-project-comparing-cytology-and-urine-hpv-dna-testing-for-cervical-cancer-screening-in-yap-federated-states-of-micronesia
#5
Angela U Sy, Brenda Y Hernandez, Aileen Tareg, Martina Reichhardt, Lee Buenconsejo-Lum
Non-invasive, self-collected sampling methods for HPV DNA detection in women, which are reliable, efficient, and acceptable have the potential to address barriers to cervical cancer screening in underserved communities, including low-middle income countries (LMIC) such as the island nation of the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM). Urine-based HPV testing has not been rigorously evaluated in clinical trials. A pilot community-based participatory randomized control research project evaluated use of urine HPV testing as a more culturally- and human resource appropriate method of cervical cancer screening in Yap State, FSM...
October 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118476/age-and-pattern-of-pap-smear-abnormalities-implications-for-cervical-cancer-control-in-a-developing-country
#6
Adepiti Clement Akinfolarin, Ajenifuja Kayode Olusegun, Okunola Omoladun, G O Omoniyi-Esan, Uche Onwundiegu
Aim: To characterize the age and pattern of Pap smear abnormalities in a major teaching hospital in Southwestern Nigeria. Design: This is a review of medical records of patients that came for cervical cancer screening. Materials and Methods: The Pap smear results of women between May 2013 and April 2015 were retrieved. A total of 2048 Pap smear results were retrieved during the study period and analyzed with Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20...
October 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118475/histological-follow-up-in-patients-with-atypical-glandular-cells-on-pap-smears
#7
Gokhan Boyraz, Derman Basaran, Mehmet Coskun Salman, Akbar Ibrahimov, Sevgen Onder, Orkun Akman, Nejat Ozgul, Kunter Yuce
Context: Atypical glandular cells (AGCs) result in the Papanicolaou (Pap) smear may be associated with significant genital and nongenital neoplastic processes. Aims: To evaluate the underlying histopathology in women who had AGCs on Pap smears. Settings and Design: Retrospective cross-sectional study. Patients and Methods: Clinicopathological data of patients who had AGC on Pap smears and underwent histological workup between January 2004 and December 2014 were retrieved from the computerized database of a tertiary care center...
October 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094082/acceptability-of-human-papillomavirus-self-sampling-for-cervical-cancer-screening-in-an-indigenous-community-in-guatemala
#8
Anna Gottschlich, Alvaro Rivera-Andrade, Edwin Grajeda, Christian Alvarez, Carlos Mendoza Montano, Rafael Meza
Purpose: Cervical cancer rates in Latin America are higher than those in developed countries, likely because of the lower prevalence of screening. Specifically, less than 40% of women in Guatemala are regularly screened and even fewer women are screened in indigenous communities. Current screening strategies-Pap smears and visual inspection with acetic acid-might not be the most effective methods for controlling cancer in these settings. We thus investigated the potential of self-collection of cervical samples with testing for human papillomavirus (HPV) to help prevent cervical cancer in an indigenous community in Guatemala...
October 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077698/prevalence-of-human-papillomavirus-in-women-from-the-state-of-michoacan-mexico-showed-high-frequency-of-unusual-virus-genotypes
#9
Irvin Jácome-Galarza, María Ayumi Ito-Nakashimada, Gloria Figueroa-Aguilar, Ethel García-Latorre, M A Isabel Salazar, Eduardo López-Orduña, Alejandro D Camacho, Juan José Valdez-Alarcón, José Manuel Hernández, Gloria León-Avila
BACKGROUND: Human papillomaviruses (HPVs), the leading cause of cervical cancer, are distributed worldwide, with high prevalence in developing countries. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to know the prevalence and genotypes of HPV in women from the state of Michoacán and the Women's Hospital in Morelia, Michoacán. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cervical smear samples (159,288) were subjected to HPV detection by hybrid capture 2. A subsample of 484 patients from the Women's Hospital was studied by Papanicolaou test and linear array HPV genotyping, and when positive, patients were also examined by colposcopy and histopathology...
September 2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075090/women-living-with-hiv-over-age-of-65-cervical-cancer-screening-in-a-unique-and-growing-population
#10
Alexandra Aserlind, Karla Maguire, Lunthita Duthely, Stefan Wennin, JoNell Potter
OBJECTIVE: Women living with HIV are at increased risk of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, which can lead to cervical cancer. New guidelines recommend indefinite screening. The objective of this study is to describe cervical cancer screening practices and colposcopy results in a cohort of women living with HIV over age of 65 who were followed before the new guidelines. Comorbidities, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and other risk factors were evaluated. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review on 75 women aged 65 or older living with HIV with at least one Pap smear...
2017: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043283/barriers-to-pap-smear-test-for-the-second-time-in-women-referring-to-health-care-centers-in-the-south-of-tehran-a-qualitative-approach
#11
Laleh Hassani, Tahereh Dehdari, Ebrahim Hajizadeh, Davoud Shojaeizadeh, Mehrandokht Abedini, Saharnaz Nedjat
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a preventable disease with a regular screening program. Many studies have reported a large number of barriers that women had for the first time, but this study decided to find other barriers for the second time pap smear. METHODS: In this qualitative research, data were gathered through in-depth interviews and expressed through conventional content analysis in the form of constant comparison. The participants were 15 women with family profile at 30 health care centers who lived in the south of Tehran and had done Pap smear for one time but didn't do it for the second time...
October 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038761/comparison-of-human-papillomavirus-hpv-detection-in-urine-and-cervical-swab-samples-using-the-hpv-genoarray-diagnostic-assay
#12
Pornjarim Nilyanimit, Jira Chansaenroj, Anant Karalak, Piyawat Laowahutanont, Pairoj Junyangdikul, Yong Poovorawan
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the leading cause of cervical cancer. Urine-based HPV testing offers a simple and non-invasive method because of its increasing acceptance. A total of 164 pairs of cervical swab and urine samples from Thai women who underwent cervical cancer screening were used for HPV testing with HPV GenoArray Diagnostic Kits. The overall concordance percentage for HPV detection in the cervical swab and urine samples was 65.2%. The HPV genotypes most commonly detected were HPV16 and HPV18. An analysis of the urine samples and a second analysis of the cervical swab samples showed that the differences in the overall HPV detection rate between women with normal and abnormal cytology were not significant (p > 0...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025500/the-influence-of-self-efficacy-in-medical-drama-television-programming-on-behaviors-and-emotions-that-promote-cervical-cancer-prevention
#13
Sungsu Kim, Jay D Hmielowski
OBJECTIVES: We explored the influences of medical drama viewing on health behaviors and emotions, and examined the role of self-efficacy in medical drama programming. METHODS: A single-factor, 2-condition experimental design that manipulated self-efficacy levels was adopted. A total of 131 female undergraduate students who were likely involved with the issues of HPV vaccination and cervical cancer participated in this experiment. RESULTS: In line with social cognitive theory, the results indicated that participants in the high self-efficacy condition showed greater behavioral intention to receive a Pap smear (F (1, 126) = 4...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023464/role-of-p16-testing-in-cervical-cancer-screening-among-hiv-infected-women
#14
Christine J McGrath, Rochelle Garcia, Trong T Trinh, Barbra A Richardson, Grace C John-Stewart, Evans Nyongesa-Malava, Nelly R Mugo, Emily H Glynn, Samah R Sakr, Hugo De Vuyst, Michael H Chung
BACKGROUND: p16 immunohistochemistry is used to evaluate for HPV-associated cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. The diagnostic performance of p16 in HIV infection is unclear. METHODS: Between June-December 2009, HIV-infected women underwent Papanicolaou (Pap) smear, human papillomavirus (HPV) testing, visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA), and colposcopy-directed biopsy as the disease gold standard at a HIV clinic in Kenya. Pap smears were evaluated for p16 expression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020396/perception-and-use-of-pap-smear-screening-among-rural-and-urban-women-in-romania
#15
Mihaela Grigore, Razvan Popovici, Anda Pristavu, Ana Maria Grigore, Mioara Matei, Dumitru Gafitanu
Background: In 2012 the National Screening Program for all women between 25 and 64 years of age was launched in Romania. Public awareness is an important factor in the success of a screening program. For this reason, we intended to assess the perception and the level of awareness of Romanian women regarding the Pap test in the prevention of cervical cancer. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 454 women from rural and urban areas. For our study, we used a questionnaire covering general characteristics, awareness, knowledge and practices regarding cervical cancer and Pap smear...
August 4, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990460/amplification-of-specific-chromosomal-regions-assessed-by-fluorescent-in-situ-hybridization-on-pap-smears-to-be-added-as-screening-tool-for-identifying-women-at-risk-of-progressing-to-cervical-cancer
#16
Pavani Upendram, Shubhi Sahni, Khaliq Mohiuddin, Subhadra Poornima, Bhanumathy Gourishankar, Kiran Kumar Vattam, Pavani Boddala, E Jayashankar, Shakera Mohiuddin, Vasundhara Kamineni, Vasavi Mohan, Jane Houldsworth, Qurratulain Hasan
Cervical carcinoma is a frequent malignancy in developing countries despite being a preventable disease. For the first time, four screening tests were used simultaneously for identifying women with a risk of developing cervical cancer, to help clinicians and policy makers to implement the best strategy for reducing the burden of this disease. Women visiting a hospital in India were enrolled after institutional ethics clearance and informed consent. Visual inspection using acetic acid and Pap smear tests were performed on 2683 women, and 104 had abnormal cytology: atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (n = 29), low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (n = 41), high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (n = 17), and squamous cell carcinoma (n = 17)...
October 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974850/difference-between-cryotherapy-and-follow-up-low-grade-squamous-lesion-of-cervix-uteri
#17
Mahira Jahic, Elmir Jahic, Mirsada Mulavdic, Azra Hadzimehmedovic
INTRODUCTION: Cervical cancer can be successfully prevented by effective treatment. AIM: Analyse of success of cryotherapy in LSIL and ASCUS. MATERIALS ET METHODS: In retrospective study between January 2016 to March 2017, 3244 PAP test were analysed. 257 patients who had been diagnosed with LSIL and ASCUS from PAP smear were divided in two groups: women who had HPV positive, colposcopic positive and cytologic finding of LSIL or ASCUS treathed with cryotherapy and women with LSIL, ASCUS and negative colposcopy...
August 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952289/cytology-based-screening-during-antenatal-care-as-a-method-for-preventing-cervical-cancer
#18
Paula Bruno Monteiro, Marcelo Praxedes Monteiro Filho, Jéssica Teixeira de Figueirêdo, Maria Vieira de Lima Saintrain, Zenilda Vieira Bruno, Francisco Herlânio Costa Carvalho
Background: Cervical cancer is one of the most serious threats to women’s lives. Therefore, the present study aimed to know the dynamics in the collection of cytologic samples during antenatal care as a method of cervical cancer screening and to identify the factors associated with its performance. Material and Methods: Analytical cross-sectional study carried out with pregnant and postpartum women in Fortaleza, Ceará, Northeastern Brazil. Data were collected using a questionnaire addressing sociodemographic variables, antenatal care, pregnancy and cytology-based screening for cervical cancer during antenatal care...
September 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952274/knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-cervical-cancer-screening-amongst-university-of-botswana-female-students
#19
Roy Tapera, Eric Manyala, Patience Erick, Titus M Maswabi, Tshephang Tumoyagae, Baemedi Letsholo, Bontle Mbongwe
Background: Cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths in Botswana. More than two-thirds of cases occur in HIV-infected women, in a nation with a high HIV prevalence of 17%. Even though cancer screening is free in health facilities, cervical cancer screening is low. The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and attitudes of University of Botswana female students on cervical cancer screening. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among University of Botswana female students to elicit information about their knowledge and attitudes on cervical cancer screening...
September 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952272/screening-cervical-cancer-by-the-pap-test-%C3%A2-relevance-of-age-ranges-recommended-by-the-brazilian-programme-for-prevention-and-control
#20
Diogo Do Nascimento Franco, Adriana Cunha Vargas Tomáz, Angela Andréia Franca Gravena, Sandra Marisa Pelloso, Márcia Edilaine Lopes Consolaro
Objective: To evaluate screening by the Papanicolaou smear (Pap) and the frequency of cervical abnormalities in the age range recommended by the Brazilian programme for prevention and control of cervical cancer (CC) in the years 2012 and 2013 in a high prevalence city. Methods: This retrospective study covered results of Pap examinations performed on women aged ≥12 years residing in urban areas of the city of Maringá, Paraná in Brazil. The examinations were performed in the years 2012 and 2013 for the System of Public Health (SPH) which maintains a city database...
September 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
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