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pap smear and cervical cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213603/women-s-experiences-with-cervical-cancer-screening-in-a-colposcopy-referral-clinic-in-cape-town-south-africa-a-qualitative-analysis
#1
Mariette Momberg, Matthys H Botha, Frederick H Van der Merwe, Jennifer Moodley
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore and understand women's experience with cervical cancer screening and with the referral pathways for abnormal Papanicolau (Pap) smears. DESIGN AND SETTING: Focus group discussions were conducted with first time colposcopy clinic attendees at a tertiary hospital colposcopy clinic in Cape Town, South Africa during November 2014. A thematic analysis was conducted to identify key themes. Initial coding categories were drawn from the interview guide...
February 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207678/mexican-american-college-men-s-mis-understandings-about-hpv-and-cervical-cancer
#2
Tiffany A Schiffner, Lydia P Buki, Raha F Sabet
Latinas have disproportionally high rates of cervical cancer in part due to their reliance on Latino partners to make sexual health decisions, their limited knowledge about human papillomavirus (HPV), and inconsistent Pap smear screening behaviors. In this qualitative study, we examined the sexual health beliefs of Latino college men regarding HPV. Participants included 6 Mexican American college students from a large Midwestern university. We conducted 18 in-depth individual interviews about men's beliefs, attitudes, and knowledge about HPV...
April 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190541/predictors-of-adherence-to-follow-up-recommendations-after-an-abnormal-pap-smear-among-underserved-inner-city-women
#3
Suzanne M Miller, Erin K Tagai, Kuang-Yi Wen, Minsun Lee, Siu-Kuen Azor Hui, Deirdre Kurtz, John Scarpato, Enrique Hernandez
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify cognitive-affective predictors of adherence to initial diagnostic colposcopy and 6-month follow-up recommendations among underserved women. METHODS: A secondary data analysis was completed of a randomized clinical trial assessing tailored telephone counseling for colposcopy adherence after an abnormal screening Pap smear among 210 underserved inner-city women. RESULTS: Adherence to initial diagnostic colposcopy was significantly associated with greater self-efficacy (OR=1...
January 31, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179702/knowledge-and-practices-of-nurses-on-cervical-cancer-hpv-and-hpv-vaccine-in-cankiri-state-hospital-turkey
#4
Ilknur Gol, OzUm Erkin
OBJECTIVE: To determine knowledge and practices of nurses on cervical cancer, human papillomavirus and its vaccine. METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted at Cankiri Karatekin University, Cankiri, Turkey, from December 2015 to January 2016, and included nurses. . A survey was used to collect data about socio-demographic features and knowledge and practices on cervical cancer and screening, signs and symptoms of cervical cancer and human papillomavirus vaccine...
December 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152354/time-to-clinical-investigation-for-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-queensland-women-after-a-high-grade-abnormal-pap-smear-2000-2009
#5
Lisa J Whop, Peter D Baade, Julia Ml Brotherton, Karen Canfell, Joan Cunningham, Dorota Gertig, Kamalini Lokuge, Gail Garvey, Suzanne P Moore, Abbey Diaz, Dianne L O'Connell, Patricia Valery, David M Roder, John R Condon
OBJECTIVES: To investigate time to follow-up (clinical investigation) for Indigenous and non-Indigenous women in Queensland after a high grade abnormality (HGA) being detected by Pap smear. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: Population-based retrospective cohort analysis of linked data from the Queensland Pap Smear Register (PSR), the Queensland Hospital Admitted Patient Data Collection, and the Queensland Cancer Registry. 34 980 women aged 20-68 years (including 1592 Indigenous women) with their first HGA Pap smear result recorded on the PSR (index smear) during 2000-2009 were included and followed to the end of 2010...
February 6, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144096/burden-of-cervical-cancer-and-role-of-screening-in-india
#6
Saurabh Bobdey, Jignasa Sathwara, Aanchal Jain, Ganesh Balasubramaniam
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a major cause of cancer mortality in women and more than a quarter of its global burden is contributed by developing countries. In India, in spite of alarmingly high figures, there is no nationwide government-sponsored screening program. This study was conducted to assess the burden of cervical cancer in India and review the performance characteristics of available cervical cancer screening tools, so as to provide evidence-based recommendations for application of most practically suited screening test to be used in resource-poor field settings...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121939/multiple-preinvasive-and-invasive-hpv-related-lesions-of-the-anogenital-tract-in-a-female-patient-with-hiv-infection-a-case-report
#7
Nicolò Clemente, Lara Alessandrini, Emanuela Vaccher, Antonino De Paoli, Monica Buttignol, Vincenzo Canzonieri, Francesco Sopracordevole
RATIONALE: Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection have been shown to be at increased risk for high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infection of the anogenital tract. Furthermore, in the last decades, the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has increased the longevity of these patients who now live long enough to develop HPV-related cancers; hence, the impact of HPV infection on HIV-positive patients is of increasing concern. PATIENT CONCERNS: We reported the case of an HIV-positive female patient on HAART with a good virological and immunological response and with a long history of HPV-related intraepithelial and invasive lesions of the anogenital tract...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113360/accurate-cervical-cell-segmentation-from-overlapping-clumps-in-pap-smear-images
#8
Youyi Song, Ee-Leng Tan, Xudong Jiang, Jie-Zhi Cheng, Dong Ni, Siping Chen, Baiying Lei, Tianfu Wang
Accurate segmentation of cervical cells in Pap smear images is an important step in automatic pre-cancer identification in the uterine cervix. One of the major segmentation challenges is overlapping of cytoplasm, which has not been well-addressed in previous studies. To tackle the overlapping issue, this paper proposes a learning-based method with robust shape priors to segment individual cell in Pap smear images to support automatic monitoring of changes in cells, which is a vital prerequisite of early detection of cervical cancer...
September 7, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086983/mailed-hpv-self-sampling-for-cervical-cancer-screening-among-underserved-minority-women-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Erin Kobetz, Julia Seay, Anthony Amofah, Larry Pierre, Jordan Baeker Bispo, Dinah Trevil, Martha Gonzalez, Martine Poitevien, Tulay Koru-Sengul, Olveen Carrasquillo
BACKGROUND: Underserved ethnic minority women experience significant disparities in cervical cancer incidence and mortality, mainly due to lack of cervical cancer screening. Barriers to Pap smear screening include lack of knowledge, lack of health insurance and access, and cultural beliefs regarding disease prevention. In our previous SUCCESS trial, we demonstrated that HPV self-sampling delivered by a community health worker (CHW) is efficacious in circumventing these barriers. This approach increased screening uptake relative to navigation to Pap smear screening...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060937/barriers-to-follow-up-for-abnormal-papanicolaou-smears-among-female-sex-workers-in-lima-peru
#10
Devora Aharon, Martha Calderon, Vicky Solari, Patricia Alarcon, Joseph Zunt
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the most prevalent cancer among Peruvian women. Female sex workers (FSW) in Peru are at elevated risk for HPV infection, and receive annual Papanicolaou screening. The objective of this study was to identify barriers to follow-up for abnormal Pap smears among FSW in Peru. METHODS: 97 FSW attending the Alberto Barton Health Center in Lima were surveyed regarding their STI screening history. 17 women with a history of an abnormal Pap smear were interviewed about their experiences regarding follow-up care...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028296/human-papillomavirus-hpv-in-egyptian-females-study-by-cytology-histopathology-colposcopy-and-molecular-diagnosis-of-high-risk-types
#11
M A Nayel, O G Shaker, A N Hosni, H N Hosni, S E Khalifa, A F Shazly
OBJECTIVES: In Northern Africa, the region Egypt belongs to, about 10.7% of women are estimated to harbour cervical human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and 78.4% of invasive cancers are attributed to HPVs 16 or 18. We aimed at comparing HPV detection by ISH-PCR tissue with other conventional available cheaper techniques, finding which of them can be relied upon in a developing country like Egypt for HPV detection. METHODS: Sixty patients were included. For them colposcopy, PAP smear, histopathology and detection of HPV using ISH PCR tissue and PCR swab were achieved...
December 2016: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002084/use-of-visual-inspection-with-acetic-acid-pap-smear-or-high-risk-human-papillomavirus-testing-in-women-living-with-hiv-aids-for-posttreatment-cervical-cancer-screening-same-tests-different-priorities
#12
Elkanah Omenge Orang'o, Tao Liu, Astrid Christoffersen-Deb, Peter Itsura, John Oguda, Sierra Washington, David Chumba, Latha Pisharodi, Susan Cu-Uvin, Anne F Rositch
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have addressed optimal follow-up for HIV-infected women after cervical treatment. This study aimed to compare performance of three available tests to detect posttreatment cervical disease in HIV-infected women in Kenya. DESIGN: This is a prospective cohort study. METHODS: At least 6 months following cryotherapy, 517 HIV-infected women were evaluated concurrently with visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA), papanicolaou (Pap) smear, and high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) testing...
January 14, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995101/a-comparison-of-liquid-based-cytology-with-conventional-papanicolaou-smears-in-cervical-dysplasia-diagnosis
#13
Fatemeh Haghighi, Nahid Ghanbarzadeh, Marziee Ataee, Gholamreza Sharifzadeh, Javid Shahbazi Mojarrad, Fatemeh Najafi-Semnani
BACKGROUND: Due to the high number of women affected by cervical cancer and the importance of an early diagnosis, combined with the frequent incidence of false-negative Papanicolaou (Pap) smear screening results for this disease, several studies have been conducted in recent years in order to find better tests. Liquid-based cytology (LBC) tests, including the liquid-based thin layer method, have demonstrated the highest potential for reducing false-negative cases and improved sample quality...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941729/histological-and-cytological-correlation-of-cervical-cancer-and-precancerous-lesions-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-bangladesh
#14
S Islam, M N Uddin, F M Saleh
Over 500,000 new cases of cervical cancer are diagnosed each year in the world, resulting in 250000 deaths. Prevalence of HPV-related cervical carcinoma in Bangladesh is highest among SAARC countries. In Bangladesh very few studies have been published on establishing the correlation between histological and cytological findings on cervical cancer and precancerous lesions. This descriptive cross-sectional study was performed to find out the correlation between histological & cytological findings of cervical cancer and precancerous lesions...
October 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917772/awareness-perceived-risk-and-practices-related-to-cervical-cancer-and-pap-smear-screening-a-cross-sectional-study-among-hiv-positive-women-attending-an-urban-hiv-clinic-in-johannesburg-south-africa
#15
Idah Mokhele, D Evans, K Schnippel, A Swarts, J S Smith, C Firnhaber
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a major cause of cancer-related deaths, especially in the context of the HIV epidemic. OBJECTIVE: To examine awareness, perceived risk and practices related to cervical cancer screening among HIV-positive women. METHODS: Interviewer-administered structured questionnaires were administered to HIV-positive women (aged ≥18 years) enrolled in a cervical cancer screening study at the Themba Lethu Clinic, Johannesburg, South Africa, from November 2009 to December 2011...
December 1, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917752/genetic-and-environmental-factors-in-invasive-cervical-cancer-design-and-methods-of-a-classical-twin-study
#16
Dorothy A Machalek, John D Wark, Sepehr N Tabrizi, John L Hopper, Minh Bui, Gillian S Dite, Alyssa M Cornall, Marian Pitts, Dorota Gertig, Bircan Erbas, Suzanne M Garland
BACKGROUND: Persistent high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is a necessary prerequisite for development of cervical cancer and its precursor lesion, high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL). However, HPV infection is not sufficient to drive this process, and genetic and environmental factors may also play a role. METHODS/DESIGN: The Cervical Cancer, Genetics and Environment Twin Study was established to investigate the environmental and genetic influences on variation in susceptibility to cervical pre-cancer in 25- to 69-year-old monozygotic (MZ) and dizygotic (DZ) twins recruited through the Australian Twin Registry...
December 5, 2016: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906806/awareness-of-cervical-cancer-causes-and-predeterminants-of-likelihood-to-screen-among-women-in-haiti
#17
Schatzi H McCarthy, Kathy A Walmer, Joel C Boggan, Margaret W Gichane, William A Calo, Harry A Beauvais, Noel T Brewer
OBJECTIVES: Cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths among women in Haiti. Given this high disease burden, we sought to better understand women's knowledge of its causes and the sociodemographic and health correlates of cervical cancer screening. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were 410 adult women presenting at clinics in Léogâne and Port-au-Prince, Haiti. We used bivariate and multivariate logic regression to identify correlates of Pap smear receipt...
January 2017: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894986/application-of-molecular-genotyping-to-determine-prevalence-of-hpv-strains-in-pap-smears-of-kazakhstan-women
#18
Luiza Niyazmetova, Gulzhanat Aimagambetova, Nazigul Stambekova, Zaurech Abugalieva, Korlukain Seksembayeva, Syed Ali, Azliyati Azizan
OBJECTIVES: Human papillomavirus is the main causative agent for cervical cancer. However, few data are available about HPV prevalence in Kazakhstan. The aims of this study were to genotype HPV DNA in Pap smear samples of women to determine prevalence of carcinogenic HPV types in Astana, Kazakhstan and to analyze the association between HPV positivity and the cytology results of patient samples. METHODS: Pap smear materials were obtained from 140 patients aged 18-59, who visited the outpatient gynecological clinic...
January 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891400/prevalence-of-human-papilloma-virus-infection-in-young-primiparous-women-during-postpartum-period-study-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-northern-india
#19
Alpana Garg, Vanita Suri, Raje Nijhawan, Neelam Aggarwal, Ritu Aggarwal, Charu Guleria, Mili Thakur
INTRODUCTION: Assessment of high-risk Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) prevalence is important for monitoring long-term decrease in cervical cancer after implementation of the prophylactic HPV vaccination. AIM: To determine the prevalence of high-risk HPV infection and cytological abnormalities in young primiparous women in the age group of 16-26years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 214 primiparous women aged 16-26years were recruited from a public tertiary health care center postpartum clinic between June 2013 and May 2014...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886713/automated-classification-of-pap-smear-images-to-detect-cervical-dysplasia
#20
Kangkana Bora, Manish Chowdhury, Lipi B Mahanta, Malay Kumar Kundu, Anup Kumar Das
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The present study proposes an intelligent system for automatic categorization of Pap smear images to detect cervical dysplasia, which has been an open problem ongoing for last five decades. METHODS: The classification technique is based on shape, texture and color features. It classifies the cervical dysplasia into two-level (normal and abnormal) and three-level (Negative for Intraepithelial Lesion or Malignancy, Low-grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion and High-grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion) classes reflecting the established Bethesda system of classification used for diagnosis of cancerous or precancerous lesion of cervix...
January 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
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