keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

pap smear and cervical cancer

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440976/diagnostic-value-of-the-caretm-hpv-test-in-screening-for-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia-grade-2-or-worse
#1
Mojgan Karimi Zarchi, Effat Heydari, Afsarolsadat Tabatabaie, Mansour Moghimi, Wesam Kooti
Background: Cervical cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer death in women worldwide. Persistent infection with a high risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) is the main etiological factor, so that early early detection of HR-HPV is very important. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of CareTM HPV, a new method, as compared with Pap smear, PCR, and biopsy for screening purposes. Material and Method: In this cross-sectional study, 200 sexually active women aging from 25-50 years referred to the oncology clinic of Shahid Sodoughi Yazd Hospital in 2015 with a variety of cervix epithelial lesions or a need for colposcopy were enrolled...
March 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424832/setting-up-a-community-based-cervical-screening-service-in-a-low-income-country-a-pilot-study-from-north-western-tanzania
#2
Nestory Masalu, Patrizia Serra, Dino Amadori, Jackson Kahima, Charles Majinge, Joyce Rwehabura, Oriana Nanni, Sara Bravaccini, Maurizio Puccetti, Rosario Tumino, Lauro Bucchi
OBJECTIVES: To report the results of a pilot study for a service for cervical cancer screening and diagnosis in north-western Tanzania. METHODS: The pilot study was launched in 2012 after a community-level information campaign. Women aged 15-64 years were encouraged to attend the district health centres. Attendees were offered a conventional Pap smear and a visual inspection of the cervix with acetic acid (VIA). RESULTS: The first 2500 women were evaluated...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422558/understanding-transgender-men-s-experiences-with-and-preferences-for-cervical-cancer-screening-a-rapid-assessment-survey
#3
Julia Seay, Atticus Ranck, Roy Weiss, Christopher Salgado, Lydia Fein, Erin Kobetz
PURPOSE: Transgender men are less likely than cisgender women to receive cervical cancer screening. The purpose of the current study was to understand experiences with and preferences for cervical cancer screening among transgender men. METHODS: Ninety-one transgender men ages 21-63 completed the survey. The survey evaluated experiences with and preferences for screening, including opinions regarding human papillomavirus (HPV) self-sampling as a primary cervical cancer screening...
April 19, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420907/effectiveness-of-health-education-programme-level-of-knowledge-about-prevention-of-cervical-cancer-among-saudi-female-healthcare-students
#4
Ghadeer Khaled Al-Shaikh, Sadiqa Badar Syed, Amel Ahmed Fayed, Reem Ali Al-Shaikh, Eman Mohammed Al-Mussaed, Farida Habib Khan, Hala Nasser Elmorshedy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of health education programme on the knowledge of human papilloma virus among female medical students. METHODS: This quasi-experimental study was conducted in 2014 at the Princess Nourah bint Abulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and comprised female medical students. An intervention programme was implemented in the form of lectures, videos, posters, etc. on human papillomavirus. SPSS 20 was used for data analysis...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415159/comparison-of-unsatisfactory-samples-from-conventional-smear-versus-liquid-based-cytology-in-uterine-cervical-cancer-screening-test
#5
Hoiseon Jeong, Sung Ran Hong, Seoung-Wan Chae, So-Young Jin, Hye Kyoung Yoon, Juhie Lee, Eun Kyung Kim, Sook Tai Ha, Sung Nam Kim, Eun-Jung Park, Jong Jae Jung, Sun Hee Sung, Sung-Chul Lim
Background: Cervical cytology for uterine cervical cancer screening has transitioned from conventional smear (CS) to liquid-based cytology (LBC), which has many advantages. The aim of this study was to compare the proportion of unsatisfactory specimens from CS versus LBC at multiple institutions including general hospitals and commercial laboratories. Materials and Methods: Each participating institution provided a minimum of 500 Papanicolaou (Pap) test results for analysis...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414591/violence-victimization-social-support-and-papanicolaou-smear-outcomes-a-longitudinal-study-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#6
Hsing-Fang Hsieh, Justin E Heinze, Ian Lang, Ritesh Mistry, Anne Buu, Marc A Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: African American youth are among those at greatest risk for experiencing violence victimization. Notably, the mortality rate of cervical cancer for African American women is also twice that of white women. To date, we know of no literature using longitudinal data to examine how violence victimization relates to Papanicolaou (Pap) smear results or cervical cancer in this population. Our study examines how violence victimization during adolescence (age 15 to 18) influences psychological distress, perceived social support, heavy substance abuse, and sexual risk behaviors during emerging adulthood (age 20 to 23), and subsequent Pap smear outcomes during young adulthood (age 29 to 32)...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410118/disparity-in-rates-of-hpv-infection-and-cervical-cancer-in-underserved-us-populations
#7
Asok Ranjan Karuri, Vivek Kumar Kashyap, Murali Mohan Yallapu, Nadeem Zafar, Satish K Kedia, Meena Jaggi, Subhash C Chauhan
There is a higher rate of HPV infection and cervical cancer incidence and mortality in underserved US population who reside in Appalachian mountain region compared to Northern Plains. Social and behavioral factors such as smoking and alcohol consumption are for such a high incidence. However, by and large, the reasons for these discrepancies lie in the reluctance of the underserved population to adopt preventive measures such as prophylactic Human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccines and Pap smear screening that have significantly reduced the incidence and mortality rate of cervical cancer in Caucasian women...
June 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Scholar Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409172/knowledge-about-cervical-cancer-and-pap-smear-and-the-factors-influencing-the-pap-test-screening-among-women
#8
Hossein Ashtarian, Elaheh Mirzabeigi, Elham Mahmoodi, Mehdi Khezeli
BACKGROUND: Although the Pap smear is known as one of the effective methods to detect the cervical cancer, a large group of women are reluctant to do the test because of various reasons. Therefore, we carried out this study to determine the level of knowledge about cervical cancer and Pap smear and the factors influencing the Pap test screening among women. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 355 women referred to the health centers of Gilan-e gharb city were randomly recruited in 2015...
April 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403967/organization-and-first-results-of-cervical-cancer-screening-program-in-mayotte-from-2010-to-2014
#9
Z Stewart, E Garcin, A Nazac, C Mezan de Malartic, C Georges, A Cimmino
OBJECTIVES: Our main goal was to report the organization of individual screening for uterus cancer in Mayotte, the last French department since 2011, and its first results. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Epidemiological and observational study describing the prior situation, the beginning of the screening with pap smears in 2010, the colposcopy consultations and the treatment of the patients by the Mayotte network for screening of cancers since 2010. RESULTS: The screening allowed an improvement of the global cover rate from 5% to 24% in 5 years...
February 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395701/psychometric-testing-of-the-pap-smear-belief-questionnaire-measuring-women-s-attitudes-and-beliefs-toward-cervical-cancer-screening
#10
Kelly Ackerson, Lisa Stines Doane
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Some women avoid routine Pap testing because of negative attitudes and beliefs. The ability to measure these factors is limited by lack of valid and reliable tools. Therefore, this article describes steps taken to test a measure. METHODS: Validity and reliability testing of psychometric scales was conducted. RESULTS: Sample consisted of 344 women. Using principal component analysis resulted in 4 components: Exam-Related Factors, Benefits, Vulnerability, and Risks and Barriers...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393989/-factors-affecting-compliance-with-pap-smear-screening
#11
María Teresa Urrutia, Macarena Gajardo
BACKGROUND: Pap smear coverage in Chile has gradually decreased in the last years, from 67% to 59%, making it necessary to determine the causes of this decline. AIM: To analyze the relationship between the characteristics of the cervical cancer screening target population in the public health care system and the percentage of PAP coverage. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was carried out in women aged between 25 and 64 years, belonging to a public health care system and registered in any of the eight primary healthcare centers of a Metropolitan Santiago low income community...
December 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379886/are-smokers-less-likely-to-seek-preventive-healthcare-measures-in-italy
#12
Giulia Carreras, Laura Iannucci, Giuseppe Costa, Elisabetta Chellini, Giuseppe Gorini
Smoking cessation is the key cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention action for smokers; however, smokers can still benefit from earlier diagnosis. This study aims to investigate behaviours towards cancer and CVD prevention by smoking habits in Italy. The study relies on data from a large Italian population-based survey carried out in 2013 on a sample of 119 073 individuals. We studied the relationship between smoking habits and the participation in cancer (cervical, breast and colorectal) screening programmes, or CVD prevention (performing cholesterol, blood pressure and glycaemia exams) using a multilevel logistic regression model...
April 4, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365957/psychological-effects-of-concurrent-cytology-and-colposcopy-testing-in-women-referred-to-cancer-counseling-outpatient-clinic-in-belgrade
#13
Ljiljana Markovic-Denic, Svetlana Popovac, Olivera Djuric, Zivko Perisic, Snezana Rakic
PURPOSE: To investigate the psychological effects of PAP smear and colposcopy performed simultaneously and receipt of abnormal tests' results on women's well-being and quality of life (QoL) using different relative questionnaires. METHODS: A prospective cohort study included 324 women with abnormal PAP smear result obtained at the primary care centers, requiring repeat smear test and colposcopy in our hospital. Questionnaires regarding the patient demographic characteristics, 7-point Likert scales which indicate concern about the smear and colposcopy results and risk of developing cervical cancer, Bek Anxiety Inventory (BAI), European QoL questionnaire - Euro QoL (EQ-5D) and visual analogue scale (EQ VAS) were used...
January 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365934/organised-cervical-cancer-screening-programme-in-the-belgrade-municipality-of-cukarica-evaluation-of-process-indicators
#14
Miomir Milenkovic, Tamara Naumovic, Zivko Perisic, Dusan Milenkovic
PURPOSE: To evaluate the process indicators for monitoring the Organized Cervical Cancer Screening Programme (OCCSP) conducted in the Belgrade municipality of Cukarica within the first three-year interval, and to compare Pap test coverage for women aged 25 to 64 before and after implementing the organised programme. METHODS: We analyzed the coverage by invitation, compliance with invitation and coverage by Pap test for the first three-year interval of the OCCSP (20th Dec 2012 - 19th Dec 2015) as well as the results of opportunistic screening for the same period and coverage by Pap test for women aged 25 to 64 for the last three years prior to the implementation of the OCCSP...
January 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300047/knowledge-attitude-and-experience-of-cervical-cancer-and-screening-among-sub-saharan-african-female-students-in-a-uk-university
#15
Faith Sopuruchukwu Ogbonna
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is one of the major diseases that affect women of child bearing age. Its main cause is the human papilloma virus; although, other associated factors have been evidenced to increase its risk. Pap-smear screening and vaccination which has been shown to be successful in reducing the incidence and prevalence of the disease in developed countries, has been neglected in developing countries due to lack of knowledge, misconceptions, and cultural beliefs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving only female Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) students in a UK university setting...
January 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286720/public-awareness-and-knowledge-of-pap-smear-as-a-screening-test-for-cervical-cancer-among-saudi-population-in-riyadh-city
#16
Hassan Al Khudairi, Ahmed Abu-Zaid, Osama Alomar, Hany Salem
AIMS: To explore the public awareness, knowledge, and attitudes of Saudi women towards Pap smear as a screening test for cervical cancer. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study took place in four major secondary and tertiary healthcare hospitals located in the capital city Riyadh between January 2016 and June 2016. A self-administered, coded, close-ended survey was randomly distributed to 1000 non-single women attending the obstetrics/gynecology outpatient clinics or inpatient wards...
January 17, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285418/the-effect-of-education-on-the-early-diagnosis-of-breast-and-cervix-cancer-on-the-women-s-attitudes-and-behaviors-regarding-participating-in-screening-programs
#17
Semra Kocaöz, Hanife Özçelik, Melek Serpil Talas, Fulya Akkaya, Fatma Özkul, Ayla Kurtuluş, Fahriye Ünlü
The objective of this paper was to define the effect of education on the early diagnosis of breast and cervix cancer on the women's attitudes and behaviors regarding participating in Cancer Early Diagnosis, Screening and Training Centers-CEDSTC screening programs. This semi-experimental study was completed with 342 women. The data were collected with forms "Champion's Health Belief Model Scale Breast Cancer-HBMSBC" and "Health Belief Model Scale for Cervical Cancer and the Pap Smear Test-HBMSCCPST." When the women's health beliefs before and after 6 months of the education about the early diagnosis of breast and cervical cancers are considered, it is seen that the HBMSBC subscales health motivation, breast self-examination (BSE), and evasion to mammography (MMG) decreased and BSE self-efficacy and MMG benefit attitudes increased and HBMSCCPST subscales pap smear benefit attitudes increased and evasion to pap smear attitude decreased (p < 0...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282430/inequity-of-healthcare-utilization-on-mammography-examination-and-pap-smear-screening-in-thailand-analysis-of-a-population-based-household-survey
#18
Sukanya Chongthawonsatid
Healthcare in Thailand is not equally distributed, and not all people can equally access healthcare resources even if they are covered by health insurance. To examine factors associated with the utilization of mammography examination for breast cancer and Pap smear screening for cervical cancer, data from the national reproductive health survey conducted by the National Statistical Office of Thailand in 2009 was examined. The survey was carried out on 15,074,126 women aged 30-59 years. The results showed that the wealthier respondents had more mammograms than did the lower-income groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277339/clinical-dilemmas-in-the-management-of-transgender-men
#19
Michael S Irwig
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To explore the medical and surgical clinical dilemmas in the management of trans (transgender) men, a growing population receiving more attention than in the past. RECENT FINDINGS: Testosterone therapy is commonly prescribed to trans men for masculinization. Nonetheless, the optimal formulations and doses of testosterone therapy for trans men have not been well established. Testosterone therapy has been associated with increased levels of hemoglobin and triglycerides, as well as diabetes...
March 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255244/breast-and-cervical-cancer-screening-uptake-among-females-in-ardabil-northwest-iran-a-community-based-study
#20
Esmaeil Farzaneh, Heshmatolah Heydari, Ali Akbar Shekarchi, Aziz Kamran
PURPOSE: Breast and cervical cancers are the most commonly diagnosed type of cancer and cause of cancer-related deaths in Iranian females. In contrast to previous studies, this study was carried out with a large sample size for assessment of breast self-examination (BSE)-, clinical breast examination (CBE)-, mammography-, and Pap smear-uptake rates and determination of associations among these screening behaviors with sociodemographic and cognitive variables in Azeri females. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, community-based study that was carried out among 1,134 females 20-60 years old during March-June 2016...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
keyword
keyword
112155
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"