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pap smear and cervical cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334204/detection-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-in-pap-smear-samples-from-south-khorasan-province-of-iran
#1
Davod Javanmard, Mahmoodreza Behravan, Malaknaz Ghannadkafi, Alireza Salehabadi, Masood Ziaee, Mohammad Hasan Namaei
Background: Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STI), leads to pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility and chronic pelvic pain in women as well as an increased risk of vertical transmission, conjunctivitis and pneumonitis in infants. It may also be a co-factor along with human papillomavirus (HPV) in cervical cancer progression. We aimed to determine the prevalence of CT genotypes in genital specimens of women from South Khorasan, Iran and to test the association between CT and cytology statistics...
April 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328473/detection-of-high-grade-neoplasia-in-air-dried-cervical-pap-smears-by-a-microrna-based-classifier
#2
Mikhail K Ivanov, Sergei E Titov, Sergei A Glushkov, Victoria V Dzyubenko, Anastasia V Malek, Polina A Arkhangelskaya, Roman B Samsonov, Andrey A Mikhetko, Elena V Bakhidze, Igor V Berlev, Nikolay N Kolesnikov
Recent studies have shown that changes in the expression levels of certain microRNAs correlate with the degree of severity of cervical lesions. The aim of the present study was to develop a microRNA-based classifier for the detection of high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN ≥2) in cytological samples from patients with different high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) viral loads. For this purpose, raw RT-qPCR data for 25 candidate microRNAs, U6 snRNA and human DNA in air-dried PAP smears from 174 women with different cervical cytological diagnoses, 144 of which were HR-HPV-positive [40 negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy (NILM), 34 low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (L-SIL), 57 high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (H-SIL), 43 invasive cancers], were statistically processed...
January 12, 2018: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325528/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-cervical-cancer-and-screening-among-women-visiting-primary-health-care-centres-in-bahrain
#3
Ghufran Jassim, Alaaeddin Obeid, Huda A Al Nasheet
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers among women, with 80% of the cases occurring in developing countries. Cervical cancer is largely preventable by effective screening programs. This has not been possible with opportunistic screening and its low use in the Kingdom of Bahrain. The objective of this study was to explore the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of women attending primary care health centres for cervical cancer screening. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 300 women attending primary health care centres in Bahrain...
January 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286607/limited-understanding-of-pap-smear-testing-among-women-a-barrier-to-cervical-cancer-screening-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#4
Fatima Ahmed AL-Hammadi, Fatema Al-Tahri, Asma Al-Ali, Satish C Nair, Mahera Abdulrahman
Global data indicate that cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer among women worldwide. Important factors that affect interventions for early diagnosis of cervical cancer include social beliefs and values and poor knowledge. These may contribute to women’s participation in screening for cervical cancer and have a significant impact on decisions to take preventive action. The present study was conducted with 599 women in the UAE between September 2016 and March 2017. A cross-sectional survey was conducted to determine knowledge about cervical cancer and screening, demographic characteristics and perceived barriers...
December 29, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281865/cancer-screening-awareness-and-practice-in-a-middle-income-country-a-systematic-review-from-ira
#5
Azam Majidi, Somayye Majidi, Somayye Salimzadeh, Maryam Khazaee- Pool, Alireza Sadjadi, Hamideh Salimzadeh, Alireza Delavari
Objective: Ageing population and noticeable changes in lifestyle in developing countries like Iran caused an increase in cancer incidence. This requires organized cancer prevention and screening programs in population level, but most importantly community should be aware of these programs and willing to use them. This study explored existing evidence on public awareness and practice, as well as, adherence to cancer screening in Iranian population. Methods: Major English databases including Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, and domestic Persian databases i...
December 28, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249573/cervical-cancer-screening-among-lebanese-women
#6
I R Bou-Orm, R E Sakr, S M Adib
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a very common malignancy amongst women worldwide. Pap smear is an effective and inexpensive screening test in asymptomatic women. The aim of this paper was to assess the prevalence of Pap smear screening for cervical cancer among Lebanese women and to determine associated sociodemographic and psychosocial characteristics. METHODS: This national survey included 2255 women, selected by multi-stage random cluster sampling across Lebanon...
December 14, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235108/initial-results-of-population-based-cervical-cancer-screening-program-using-hpv-testing-in-one-million-turkish-women
#7
Murat Gultekin, Mujdegul Zayifoglu Karaca, Irem Kucukyildiz, Selin Dundar, Guledal Boztas, Hatice Semra Turan, Ezgi Hacikamiloglu, Kamil Murtuza, Bekir Keskinkilic, Irfan Sencan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the Turkey's nationwide HPV DNA screening program on the basis of first 1 million screened women. METHODS: Women over age 30 were invited for population based screening via HPV DNA and conventional cytology. Samples were collected by family physicians and the evaluations and reports had been performed in the National Central HPV laboratories. RESULTS: The acceptance rate for HPV based cervical cancer screening after first invitation was nearly 36...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223946/-quality-of-the-exo-endocervical-sampling-in-the-prevention-of-uterine-cervix-cancer
#8
Anabela A Angeleri, Lili B Díaz, Gisela Coliva, Fernando Guerra, Luis A Palaoro, Adriana E Rocher
Cervical and vaginal cytology, Papanicolaou test (PAP), is the most effective test for screening of preneoplastic lesions, and cervical cancer prevention. Its sensitivity goes from 50 to 98%, according to different statistics, and this variation is related to the sampling procedure. A satisfactory smear should be taken from the transformation zone, the junction between endocervix and exocervix. According to Bethesda, metaplastic and/or endocervical cells should be observed under the microscope. The traditional PAP smear includes an exo-endocervical sampling using the Ayre spatula; however, only near 50% of the smears are representative of the transformation zone...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216918/effect-of-structured-training-programme-on-the-knowledge-and-behaviors-of-breast-and-cervical-cancer-screening-among-the-female-teachers-in-turkey
#9
Ayla Bayık Temel, Şafak Dağhan, Şenay Kaymakçı, Renginar Öztürk Dönmez, Zeynep Arabacı
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer and cervical cancer are the most common cancers among women in the world. Many studies on the early detection of cancer have been conducted among women worldwide, but few studies have been performed in the world on female teachers regarding breast self-examination (BSE), mammography (MMG) and Pap smear test (PST). As teachers interact with students, this could play an important role in health education and in developing healthy behavior such as cancer screening...
December 7, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205018/update-on-current-care-guideline-cytological-changes-in-the-cervix-vagina-and-vulva
#10
(no author information available yet)
Annually approximately 160 new cervical cancers are diagnosed in Finland. Screening has decreased both incidence and mortality by 80%. Both primary HPV-testing and Pap smear can be used in screening. In the future HPV vaccination will decrease the number of cervical cancers. Abnormal findings in Pap smears indicate management. LSIL lesions are followed up especially among young women and HSIL lesions treated. Follow-up after treatment should be reliably arranged, because increased risk of cancer remains ever after treatment...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183182/cost-effectiveness-of-human-papilloma-virus-vaccination-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#11
Olugbenga Akindele Silas, Chad J Achenbach, Robert Leo Murphy, Lifang Hou, Solomon Atiene Sagay, Edmund Banwat, Adeyi A Adoga, Jonah Musa, Dustin Douglas French
Low and middle income countries (LMICs) bear more than 50% of the current cervical cancer burden over the last decade with linkages to lack of HPV vaccination, high levels of poverty, illiteracy and nonexistent or poor screening programs. Governments of LMICs need enough convincing evidence that HPV vaccination will be more cost-effective in reducing the scourge of cervical cancer. Area covered: A systematic review to identify suitable studies from MEDLINE(via PubMed), EMBASE and Electronic search through GOOGLE for original and review articles from 2007 to 2014 on cost-effectiveness of human papilloma virus vaccination of pre-adolescent girls in LMICs was conducted...
December 6, 2017: Expert Review of Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182654/knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviours-of-women-regarding-breast-and-cervical-cancer-in-malatya-turkey
#12
Serdar Deniz, Burak Kurt, Ayşe Ferdane Oğuzöncül, Ersin Nazlıcan, Muhsin Akbaba, Tufan Nayir
The aim of this study is to gather information about the knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of women regarding breast and cervical cancer, to increase the knowledge level of the relevant age group and to begin including the relevant age group in screening programs. This cross-sectional study is composed of 6910 women aged 30-69 years in Malatya, Turkey. The study aimed to reach 1782 women with a survey, and all of them were reached. The questionnaire form was completed with face-to-face interview. For statistical analysis, data were evaluated as number and percentage distributions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181295/supravaginal-hysterectomy-in-cura%C3%A3-ao-prevalence-and-impact-on-screening-for-cervical-cancer
#13
Desiree J Hooi, Chris J L M Meijer, Birgit I Witte, Igor Gomes Bravio, Herbert M Pinedo, Gemma G Kenter
In Curaçao, hysterectomies are frequently performed. A common reason for this procedure is the high incidence of leiomyomatosis. However in some cases the cervix is conserved. Following supravaginal hysterectomy most women discontinue cervical cancer screening because they think the cervix is not conserved. We aimed to get insight in the proportion of supravaginal hysterectomies and the level of awareness on the necessity to continue with cervical cancer screening in case of retained cervix. In 2014, data from all hysterectomies performed between 2003 and 2013 on Curaçao were collected...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179864/acceptability-of-cervical-cancer-screening-using-visual-inspection-among-women-attending-a-childhood-immunization-clinic-in-uganda
#14
Meng Li, Agnes Nyabigambo, Patricia Navvuga, Elly Nuwamanya, Afra Nuwasiima, Paschal Kaganda, Francis T Asiimwe, Elisabeth Vodicka, Noleb M Mugisha, Aggrey Mukose, Doris K Kwesiga, Solomon J Lubinga, Louis P Garrison, Joseph B Babigumira
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the acceptability and performance of cervical cancer (CC) screening using visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) integrated into a rural immunization clinic in Uganda. METHODS/MATERIALS: We conducted a cross-sectional pilot study in rural Uganda. We explored associations between women's characteristics and acceptance of VIA testing. We collected samples for Papanicolaou (Pap) smear testing in a random subset of women and used results from this test as a comparator for assessing VIA performance...
December 2017: Papillomavirus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173823/barriers-and-facilitators-of-cervical-cancer-screening-practices-among-african-immigrant-women-living-in-brisbane-australia
#15
Judith A Anaman-Torgbor, Julie King, Ignacio Correa-Velez
PURPOSE: To describe barriers and facilitators of cervical screening practices among African immigrant women living in Brisbane, Australia. METHOD: Nineteen African immigrant women (10 refugee and 9 non-refugee) were recruited using convenience sampling. The interviews were conducted with a semi-structured and open-ended questionnaire guide. All the interviews were audio recorded and transcribed verbatim. The data was manually analysed using interpretative thematic analysis...
December 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172288/prevalence-of-abnormal-pap-smears-a-descriptive-study-from-a-cancer-center-in-a-low-prevalence-community
#16
Bayan Maraqa, Isam Lataifeh, Lian Otay, Osama Badran, Yasar Qutaiba Nouri, Ibtihal Issam, Maysa Al Hussaini
Background and aims: Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women worldwide and the 13th in Jordan. The cervical smear (Pap smear) is a simple approach to detect pre-cancerous cervical lesions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of abnormal cervical smears in women seen at the Early Detection/Community Outreach clinic of King Hussein Cancer Center (KHCC). Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study, reports of routine cervical Pap smears performed in the pathology department at KHCC from January 2007 to December 2016, were reviewed...
November 26, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168085/prevalence-of-human-papillomavirus-genotypes-and-abnormal-pap-smears-among-women-in-the-military-health-system
#17
Christopher M Daly, Shana L Hansen, Paul O Kwon, Timothy A Roberts
Human papillomavirus infection (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection among United States Military Servicemembers, and present in the majority of cervical cancers. Many of these infections are preventable, but HPV immunization is not mandatory during military service. The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence of vaccine-preventable cervical disease among women enrolled in the San Antonio Military Health System. This is a retrospective cross-sectional study of Pap smear results and HPV genotyping data among Military Servicewomen and beneficiaries...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153055/routine-colonoscopy-diabetic-eye-care-mammogram-and-pap-smear-screening-in-vascular-surgery-patients
#18
Young Lee, Afsha Aurshina, Aaron J Lee, Israel M Ackerman, Michael Chait, Daniel Novak, Anil Hingorani, Enrico Ascher, Natalie Marks
Objective An increasing emphasis on preventive medicine has been supported by the recent reforms in United States health care system. Majority of the patients seen in vascular surgery clinics are elderly with more extensive medical comorbidities compared to the general population. Thus, these patients would be expected at higher risk for common malignant pathologies such as colon, breast and cervical cancer, and nonmalignant diseases such as diabetic retinopathy. This study looked at the screening compliance of vascular patients compared to data provided by Centers for Disease Control on the national and state levels...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143102/diagnostic-performance-of-hpv-e6-e7-mrna-assay-for-detection-of-cervical-high-grade-intraepithelial-neoplasia-and-cancer-among-women-with-ascus-papanicolaou-smears
#19
Chenchen Ren, Yuanhang Zhu, Li Yang, Xiaoan Zhang, Ling Liu, Chunying Ren
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical performance of high risk (HR) HPV E6/E7 mRNA assay in detecting cervical high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia and cancer among women with atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) Papanicolaou (Pap) smears. METHODS: A total of 160 patients with ASCUS who underwent HR-HPV DNA assay, HR-HPV E6/E7 mRNA assay and colposcopy biopsy at Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, China, from December 2015 to March 2017, were enrolled...
November 15, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136626/comparison-of-visual-inspection-with-acetic-acid-and-the-pap-smear-for-cervical-cancer-screening
#20
Parul Sinha, Pritika Srivastava, Anand Srivastava
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) in the early detection of cervical cancer and compare it with the Pap smear. STUDY DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study conducted over a period of 3 months. A total of 316 patients who attended the Gynecology Outpatient Department of Era's Lucknow Medical College and Hospital, fulfilled the inclusion criteria, and gave their informed consent were included. RESULTS: VIA was found positive in 38 patients (12...
November 15, 2017: Acta Cytologica
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