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pap smear and cervical cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479075/-pap-smear-before-25-years-old
#1
A Rousselin, L Dion, A Racin, V Lavoué, J Levêque, K Nyangoh Timoh
OBJECTIVES: Current French recommendations advocate cervical-vaginal screening for cervical cancer from age 25 whereas earlier screening is mostly found in current clinical practice although its consequences are not well understood. METHODS: A literature review using the MedLine database on the natural history of HPV infections, cytological screening, management of cytological and histological anomalies in adolescents and young women. RESULTS: The adolescent and young woman have some characteristics that distinguish them from adult women: a high prevalence of HPV infections (making the use of the HPV test unprofitable), accompanied by a higher clearance; frequency of minor cytological abnormalities (for which a cytological surveillance without colposcopy is sufficient) and low-grade histological lesions of low grade the usual prognosis of which is complete recovery; and rarity of CIN3 lesions and absence of invasive lesions, allowing no treatment in patients with CIN2 lesions and compliant to cytological and colposcopic surveillance...
May 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469316/cervical-cytopathological-changes-among-women-with-vaginal-discharge-attending-teaching-hospital
#2
Magdi M Salih, Fatma Tage El Sir AlHag, Mohammed Ahmed Khalifa, Abdulla H El Nabi
AIMS: To find cytology changes among women attending obstetrics and gynaecology clinic with complaints of vaginal discharges. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This descriptive hospital-based cytological study was conducted at the outpatient clinic of the obstetrics and gynaecology department. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred women with complaints of vaginal discharge were selected. Their detailed histories were documented on a special request form. Pap smears were then obtained and sent for cytological examination to the cytopathology department...
April 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469121/the-prevalence-and-course-of-preinvasive-cervical-lesions-during-pregnancy-in-a-northern-nigerian-teaching-hospital
#3
Fadimatu Bakari, Muhammad A Abdul, Saad A Ahmed
BACKGROUND: In spite of knowledge of the causes and prevention of cervical cancer, screening programs for cervical cancer have not yet been fully implemented in most developing countries including Nigeria. Documented data on the prevalence of preinvasive cervical lesion in pregnancy are scarce in our environment. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence, risk factors, and course of preinvasive cervical lesion in pregnant women attending an antenatal clinic in Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital (ABUTH) Zaria, Northern Nigeria Study Design: This was a cross-sectional longitudinal study...
April 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460538/timely-reminder-interventions-to-improve-annual-papanicolaou-pap-smear-rates-among-hiv-infected-women-in-an-outpatient-center-of-southern-nevada-a-short-report
#4
Vimala Ganta, Sheniz Moonie, Dina Patel, Aaron T Hunt, Jan Richardson, David Di John, Echezona E Ezeanolue
Current guidelines recommend annual Papanicolaou (Pap) smears for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected women for cervical cancer screening. Rates for such screening in Nevada are below the national rate. Our cohort includes 485 eligible HIV-infected adult women from an outpatient center in Southern Nevada of which only 12 women had obtained a Pap smear in the past year. An intervention was conducted from June 2015 to September 2015, in which reminders to schedule a Pap smear were sent to the remaining cohort of 473 women via sequential text messaging, followed by phone call attempts...
May 2, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455671/perceptions-of-cervical-cancer-screening-screening-behavior-and-post-migration-living-difficulties-among-bhutanese-nepali-refugee-women-in-the-united-states
#5
Jennifer Kue, Heather Hanegan, Alai Tan
Bhutanese-Nepali refugees are one of the largest refugee groups to be resettled in the U.S. in the past decade. Cervical cancer is a leading cause of cancer disparity in this population, yet screening rates are suboptimal. Nepali-speaking interviewers administered a community health needs questionnaire to a convenience sample of Bhutanese-Nepali refugees in a Midwestern city between July to October of 2015. Descriptive statistics were used to describe socio-demographic characteristics, Pap smear beliefs, post-migration living difficulties, and screening status...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453530/intracellular-signaling-entropy-can-be-a-biomarker-for-predicting-the-development-of-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia
#6
Masakazu Sato, Kei Kawana, Katsuyuki Adachi, Asaha Fujimoto, Mitsuyo Yoshida, Hiroe Nakamura, Haruka Nishida, Tomoko Inoue, Ayumi Taguchi, Juri Ogishima, Satoko Eguchi, Aki Yamashita, Kensuke Tomio, Osamu Wada-Hiraike, Katsutoshi Oda, Takeshi Nagamatsu, Yutaka Osuga, Tomoyuki Fujii
While the mortality rates for cervical cancer have been drastically reduced after the introduction of the Pap smear test, it still is one of the leading causes of death in women worldwide. Additionally, studies that appropriately evaluate the risk of developing cervical lesions are needed. Therefore, we investigated whether intracellular signaling entropy, which is measured with microarray data, could be useful for predicting the risks of developing cervical lesions. We used three datasets, GSE63514 (histology), GSE27678 (cytology) and GSE75132 (cytology, a prospective study)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450182/cervical-papanicolaou-smears-in-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-recipients-high-prevalence-of-therapy-related-atypia-during-the-acute-phase
#7
Shan-Chi Yu, Huai-Hsuan Huang, Chi-Cheng Li, Jih-Luh Tang, Yi-Hsuan Lee, Tsui-Lien Mao, Kuan-Ting Kuo, Chien-Ting Lin, Jia-Hau Liu, Bor-Sheng Ko, Ming Yao
The hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients have a higher risk of cervical cancer. Papanicolaou (Pap) smear is the standard tool for screening cervical cancer, but there is limited research about the cervical cytology in the HSCT recipients. Here, we retrospectively included the adult female patients who underwent allogeneic or autologous HSCT at National Taiwan University Hospital during 2009 to 2015, and reviewed their Pap smears before and after HSCT. There were 248 allogeneic and 131 autologous HSCT recipients in our study...
April 24, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440976/diagnostic-value-of-the-caretm-hpv-test-in-screening-for-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia-grade-2-or-worse
#8
Mojgan Karimi Zarchi, Effat Heydari, Afsarolsadat Tabatabaie, Mansour Moghimi, Wesam Kooti
Background: Cervical cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer death in women worldwide. Persistent infection with a high risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) is the main etiological factor, so that early early detection of HR-HPV is very important. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of CareTM HPV, a new method, as compared with Pap smear, PCR, and biopsy for screening purposes. Material and Method: In this cross-sectional study, 200 sexually active women aging from 25-50 years referred to the oncology clinic of Shahid Sodoughi Yazd Hospital in 2015 with a variety of cervix epithelial lesions or a need for colposcopy were enrolled...
March 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424832/setting-up-a-community-based-cervical-screening-service-in-a-low-income-country-a-pilot-study-from-north-western-tanzania
#9
Nestory Masalu, Patrizia Serra, Dino Amadori, Jackson Kahima, Charles Majinge, Joyce Rwehabura, Oriana Nanni, Sara Bravaccini, Maurizio Puccetti, Rosario Tumino, Lauro Bucchi
OBJECTIVES: To report the results of a pilot study for a service for cervical cancer screening and diagnosis in north-western Tanzania. METHODS: The pilot study was launched in 2012 after a community-level information campaign. Women aged 15-64 years were encouraged to attend the district health centres. Attendees were offered a conventional Pap smear and a visual inspection of the cervix with acetic acid (VIA). RESULTS: The first 2500 women were evaluated...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422558/understanding-transgender-men-s-experiences-with-and-preferences-for-cervical-cancer-screening-a-rapid-assessment-survey
#10
Julia Seay, Atticus Ranck, Roy Weiss, Christopher Salgado, Lydia Fein, Erin Kobetz
PURPOSE: Transgender men are less likely than cisgender women to receive cervical cancer screening. The purpose of the current study was to understand experiences with and preferences for cervical cancer screening among transgender men. METHODS: Ninety-one transgender men ages 21-63 completed the survey. The survey evaluated experiences with and preferences for screening, including opinions regarding human papillomavirus (HPV) self-sampling as a primary cervical cancer screening...
April 19, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420907/effectiveness-of-health-education-programme-level-of-knowledge-about-prevention-of-cervical-cancer-among-saudi-female-healthcare-students
#11
Ghadeer Khaled Al-Shaikh, Sadiqa Badar Syed, Amel Ahmed Fayed, Reem Ali Al-Shaikh, Eman Mohammed Al-Mussaed, Farida Habib Khan, Hala Nasser Elmorshedy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of health education programme on the knowledge of human papilloma virus among female medical students. METHODS: This quasi-experimental study was conducted in 2014 at the Princess Nourah bint Abulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and comprised female medical students. An intervention programme was implemented in the form of lectures, videos, posters, etc. on human papillomavirus. SPSS 20 was used for data analysis...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415159/comparison-of-unsatisfactory-samples-from-conventional-smear-versus-liquid-based-cytology-in-uterine-cervical-cancer-screening-test
#12
Hoiseon Jeong, Sung Ran Hong, Seoung-Wan Chae, So-Young Jin, Hye Kyoung Yoon, Juhie Lee, Eun Kyung Kim, Sook Tai Ha, Sung Nam Kim, Eun-Jung Park, Jong Jae Jung, Sun Hee Sung, Sung-Chul Lim
Background: Cervical cytology for uterine cervical cancer screening has transitioned from conventional smear (CS) to liquid-based cytology (LBC), which has many advantages. The aim of this study was to compare the proportion of unsatisfactory specimens from CS versus LBC at multiple institutions including general hospitals and commercial laboratories. Materials and Methods: Each participating institution provided a minimum of 500 Papanicolaou (Pap) test results for analysis...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414591/violence-victimization-social-support-and-papanicolaou-smear-outcomes-a-longitudinal-study-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#13
Hsing-Fang Hsieh, Justin E Heinze, Ian Lang, Ritesh Mistry, Anne Buu, Marc A Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: African American youth are among those at greatest risk for experiencing violence victimization. Notably, the mortality rate of cervical cancer for African American women is also twice that of white women. To date, we know of no literature using longitudinal data to examine how violence victimization relates to Papanicolaou (Pap) smear results or cervical cancer in this population. Our study examines how violence victimization during adolescence (age 15 to 18) influences psychological distress, perceived social support, heavy substance abuse, and sexual risk behaviors during emerging adulthood (age 20 to 23), and subsequent Pap smear outcomes during young adulthood (age 29 to 32)...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410118/disparity-in-rates-of-hpv-infection-and-cervical-cancer-in-underserved-us-populations
#14
Asok Ranjan Karuri, Vivek Kumar Kashyap, Murali Mohan Yallapu, Nadeem Zafar, Satish K Kedia, Meena Jaggi, Subhash C Chauhan
There is a higher rate of HPV infection and cervical cancer incidence and mortality in underserved US population who reside in Appalachian mountain region compared to Northern Plains. Social and behavioral factors such as smoking and alcohol consumption are for such a high incidence. However, by and large, the reasons for these discrepancies lie in the reluctance of the underserved population to adopt preventive measures such as prophylactic Human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccines and Pap smear screening that have significantly reduced the incidence and mortality rate of cervical cancer in Caucasian women...
June 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Scholar Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409172/knowledge-about-cervical-cancer-and-pap-smear-and-the-factors-influencing-the-pap-test-screening-among-women
#15
Hossein Ashtarian, Elaheh Mirzabeigi, Elham Mahmoodi, Mehdi Khezeli
BACKGROUND: Although the Pap smear is known as one of the effective methods to detect the cervical cancer, a large group of women are reluctant to do the test because of various reasons. Therefore, we carried out this study to determine the level of knowledge about cervical cancer and Pap smear and the factors influencing the Pap test screening among women. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 355 women referred to the health centers of Gilan-e gharb city were randomly recruited in 2015...
April 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403967/organization-and-first-results-of-cervical-cancer-screening-program-in-mayotte-from-2010-to-2014
#16
Z Stewart, E Garcin, A Nazac, C Mezan de Malartic, C Georges, A Cimmino
OBJECTIVES: Our main goal was to report the organization of individual screening for uterus cancer in Mayotte, the last French department since 2011, and its first results. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Epidemiological and observational study describing the prior situation, the beginning of the screening with pap smears in 2010, the colposcopy consultations and the treatment of the patients by the Mayotte network for screening of cancers since 2010. RESULTS: The screening allowed an improvement of the global cover rate from 5% to 24% in 5 years...
February 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395701/psychometric-testing-of-the-pap-smear-belief-questionnaire-measuring-women-s-attitudes-and-beliefs-toward-cervical-cancer-screening
#17
Kelly Ackerson, Lisa Stines Doane
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Some women avoid routine Pap testing because of negative attitudes and beliefs. The ability to measure these factors is limited by lack of valid and reliable tools. Therefore, this article describes steps taken to test a measure. METHODS: Validity and reliability testing of psychometric scales was conducted. RESULTS: Sample consisted of 344 women. Using principal component analysis resulted in 4 components: Exam-Related Factors, Benefits, Vulnerability, and Risks and Barriers...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393989/-factors-affecting-compliance-with-pap-smear-screening
#18
María Teresa Urrutia, Macarena Gajardo
BACKGROUND: Pap smear coverage in Chile has gradually decreased in the last years, from 67% to 59%, making it necessary to determine the causes of this decline. AIM: To analyze the relationship between the characteristics of the cervical cancer screening target population in the public health care system and the percentage of PAP coverage. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was carried out in women aged between 25 and 64 years, belonging to a public health care system and registered in any of the eight primary healthcare centers of a Metropolitan Santiago low income community...
December 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379886/are-smokers-less-likely-to-seek-preventive-healthcare-measures-in-italy
#19
Giulia Carreras, Laura Iannucci, Giuseppe Costa, Elisabetta Chellini, Giuseppe Gorini
Smoking cessation is the key cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention action for smokers; however, smokers can still benefit from earlier diagnosis. This study aims to investigate behaviours towards cancer and CVD prevention by smoking habits in Italy. The study relies on data from a large Italian population-based survey carried out in 2013 on a sample of 119 073 individuals. We studied the relationship between smoking habits and the participation in cancer (cervical, breast and colorectal) screening programmes, or CVD prevention (performing cholesterol, blood pressure and glycaemia exams) using a multilevel logistic regression model...
April 4, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365957/psychological-effects-of-concurrent-cytology-and-colposcopy-testing-in-women-referred-to-cancer-counseling-outpatient-clinic-in-belgrade
#20
Ljiljana Markovic-Denic, Svetlana Popovac, Olivera Djuric, Zivko Perisic, Snezana Rakic
PURPOSE: To investigate the psychological effects of PAP smear and colposcopy performed simultaneously and receipt of abnormal tests' results on women's well-being and quality of life (QoL) using different relative questionnaires. METHODS: A prospective cohort study included 324 women with abnormal PAP smear result obtained at the primary care centers, requiring repeat smear test and colposcopy in our hospital. Questionnaires regarding the patient demographic characteristics, 7-point Likert scales which indicate concern about the smear and colposcopy results and risk of developing cervical cancer, Bek Anxiety Inventory (BAI), European QoL questionnaire - Euro QoL (EQ-5D) and visual analogue scale (EQ VAS) were used...
January 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
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