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Escherichia Coli and Hemolytic Uremic syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062285/a-review-on-strategies-for-decreasing-e-%C3%A2-coli-o157-h7-risk-in-animals
#1
REVIEW
Pardis Saeedi, Maryam Yazdanparast, Elham Behzadi, Ali Hatef Salmanian, Seyed Latif Mousavi, Shahram Nazarian, Jafar Amani
Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) serotype O157:H7 is a food-borne pathogen that younger children are most prone to this microorganism. Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS) caused by EHEC, leads to the destruction of red blood cells and kidney failure. The virulence of E.coli O157:H7 is attributed to fimbriae, that facilitate colonization of bacteria within the colon and verotoxins (VT) or Shiga toxins (Stx) that are released into the blood. Although, in most cases, the infection is self-limitedin young children and aged population, it may cause HUS...
January 3, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057514/systemic-effects-of-subtilase-cytotoxin-produced-by-escherichia-coli-o113-h21
#2
E Abril Seyahian, Gisela Oltra, Federico Ochoa, Santiago Melendi, Ricardo Hermes, James C Paton, Adrienne W Paton, Nestor Lago, Mauricio Castro Parodi, Alicia Damiano, Cristina Ibarra, Elsa Zotta
: Subtilase cytotoxin (SubAB) is a member of the AB5 cytotoxin family and is produced by certain strains of Shiga toxigenic Escherichia coli. The toxin is known to be lethal to mice, but the pathological mechanisms that contribute to Uremic Hemolytic Syndrome (HUS) are poorly understood. In this study we show that intraperitoneal injection of a sublethal dose of SubAB in rats triggers a systemic response, with ascitic fluid accumulation, heart hypertrophy and damage to the liver, colon and kidney...
January 3, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056011/escherichia-coli-o157-h7-infections-associated-with-contaminated-pork-products-alberta-canada-july-october-2014
#3
Lance Honish, Nisha Punja, Sarah Nunn, Dale Nelson, Nyall Hislop, Garth Gosselin, Natisha Stashko, Darlene Dittrich
During July-October 2014, an outbreak of 119 Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections in Alberta, Canada was identified through notifiable disease surveillance and investigated by local, provincial, and federal public health and food regulatory agencies. Twenty-three (19%) patients were hospitalized, six of whom developed hemolytic uremic syndrome; no deaths were reported. Informed by case interviews, seven potential food sources were identified and investigated. The majority of patients reported having consumed meals containing pork at Asian-style restaurants in multiple geographically diverse Alberta cities during their exposure period...
January 6, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042026/dexamethasone-prevents-motor-deficits-and-neurovascular-damage-produced-by-shiga-toxin-2-and-lipopolysaccharide-in-the-mouse-striatum
#4
Alipio Pinto, Adriana Cangelosi, Patricia A Geoghegan, Jorge Goldstein
Shiga toxin 2 (Stx2) from enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) causes bloody diarrhea and Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS) that may derive to fatal neurological outcomes. Neurological abnormalities in the striatum are frequently observed in affected patients and in studies with animal models while motor disorders are usually associated with pyramidal and extra pyramidal systems. A translational murine model of encephalopathy was employed to demonstrate that systemic administration of a sublethal dose of Stx2 damaged the striatal microvasculature and astrocytes, increase the blood brain barrier permeability and caused neuronal degeneration...
December 30, 2016: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978506/a-minireview-on-the-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-experiments-with-anti-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-phages-as-potential-biocontrol-and-phage-therapy-agents
#5
REVIEW
Salehe Sabouri, Zargham Sepehrizadeh, Sahar Amirpour-Rostami, Mikael Skurnik
Phage therapy is an old method of combating bacterial pathogens that has recently been taken into consideration due to the alarming spread of antibiotic resistance. Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a foodborne pathogen that causes hemorrhagic colitis and life-threatening Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS). There are several studies on isolation of specific phages against E. coli O157:H7 and more than 60 specific phages have been published so far. Although in vitro experiments have been successful in elimination or reduction of E...
December 11, 2016: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930620/atypical-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-ahus-essential-aspects-of-an-accurate-diagnosis
#6
Jeffrey Laurence, Hermann Haller, Pier Mannuccio Mannucci, Masaomi Nangaku, Manuel Praga, Santiago Rodriguez de Cordoba
Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS), a thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA), is a rare, life-threatening, systemic disease. When unrecognized or inappropriately treated, aHUS has a high degree of morbidity and mortality. aHUS results from chronic, uncontrolled activity of the alternative complement pathway, which activates platelets and damages the endothelium. Two-thirds of aHUS cases are associated with an identifiable complement-activating condition. aHUS is clinically very similar to the other major TMAs: Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC)-HUS, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)...
November 2016: Clinical Advances in Hematology & Oncology: H&O
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904864/nephrotic-range-proteinuria-and-peripheral-edema-in-a-child-not-only-idiopathic-nephrotic-syndrome
#7
Valentina Dolcemascolo, Marina Vivarelli, Manuela Colucci, Francesca Diomedi-Camassei, Rossella Piras, Marta Alberti, Francesco Emma
Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is defined by the simultaneous occurrence of hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and acute kidney injury due to thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) mainly occurring in renal and cerebral microvessels. Although the most common cause of HUS in children is Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli, atypical forms in which Shiga toxin is not the trigger may occur. Research over the last few years has shown that complement dysregulation secondary to mutations of genes coding for proteins involved in the regulation of the alternative pathway of complement account for most forms of atypical HUS (aHUS)...
September 2016: Case Reports in Nephrology and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893870/associations-between-hydration-status-intravenous-fluid-administration-and-outcomes-of-patients-infected-with-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Silviu Grisaru, Jianling Xie, Susan Samuel, Lisa Hartling, Phillip I Tarr, David Schnadower, Stephen B Freedman
Importance: The associations between hydration status, intravenous fluid administration, and outcomes of patients infected with Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) remain unclear. Objective: To determine the relationship between hydration status, the development and severity of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), and adverse outcomes in STEC-infected individuals. Data Sources: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials via the OvidSP platform, PubMed via the National Library of Medicine, CINAHL Plus with full text, Scopus, Web of Science, ClinicalTrials...
January 1, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880834/overexpressed-proteins-in-hypervirulent-clade-8-and-clade-6-strains-of-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-compared-to-e-coli-o157-h7-edl933-clade-3-strain
#9
Natalia Amigo, Qi Zhang, Ariel Amadio, Qunjie Zhang, Wanderson M Silva, Baiyuan Cui, Zhongjian Chen, Mariano Larzabal, Jinlong Bei, Angel Cataldi
Escherichia coli O157:H7 is responsible for severe diarrhea and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), and predominantly affects children under 5 years. The major virulence traits are Shiga toxins, necessary to develop HUS and the Type III Secretion System (T3SS) through which bacteria translocate effector proteins directly into the host cell. By SNPs typing, E. coli O157:H7 was separated into nine different clades. Clade 8 and clade 6 strains were more frequently associated with severe disease and HUS. In this study, we aimed to identify differentially expressed proteins in two strains of E...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879335/catabolite-and-oxygen-regulation-of-enterohemorrhagic-escherichia-coli-virulence
#10
Kimberly M Carlson-Banning, Vanessa Sperandio
: The biogeography of the gut is diverse in its longitudinal axis, as well as within specific microenvironments. Differential oxygenation and nutrient composition drive the membership of microbial communities in these habitats. Moreover, enteric pathogens can orchestrate further modifications to gain a competitive advantage toward host colonization. These pathogens are versatile and adept when exploiting the human colon. They expertly navigate complex environmental cues and interkingdom signaling to colonize and infect their hosts...
November 22, 2016: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869414/prevalence-and-clinical-course-of-typical-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-among-sibling
#11
Alfredo Eymann, Paula Coccia, Claudia Raddavero, Gabriela Lafi, Verónica Ferraris, José Ramírez, Jorge Ferraris
Introduction: Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) isaninfectious disease caused by Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli. The objective of this study was to assess the risk of transmission and clinical course between siblings with typical HUS. Population and methods: Medical records of children with typical HUS between 1997 and 2012 were reviewed. Sibling pairs were established as inclusion criteria. A severity score was defined. Results: A total of 133 patients with HUS were recorded; 40 had siblings and 4 progressed to HUS (10%)...
December 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853704/molecular-and-phylogenetic-characterization-of-non-o157-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-strains-in-china
#12
Xiangning Bai, Bin Hu, Yanmei Xu, Hui Sun, Ailan Zhao, Pengbin Ba, Shanshan Fu, Ruyue Fan, Yujuan Jin, Hong Wang, Qiusheng Guo, Xuebin Xu, Shan Lu, Yanwen Xiong
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) causes diarrhea and hemorrhagic colitis with life-threatening complications, such as hemolytic uremic syndrome. The aim of this study was to assess the molecular epidemiologic features of non-O157 STEC strains from different resources in China and illustrate the role of animal reservoirs or animal-derived foodstuffs in human STEC infections. A collection of 301 non-O157 STEC isolates from domestic and wild animals (i.e., cattle, goat, pig, yak, pika, and antelope), raw meats (i...
2016: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802295/cerebral-hemodynamics-in-patients-with-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-assessed-by-susceptibility-weighted-imaging-and-four-dimensional-non-contrast-mr-angiography
#13
Ulrike Löbel, Nils Daniel Forkert, Peter Schmitt, Torsten Dohrmann, Maria Schroeder, Tim Magnus, Stefan Kluge, Christina Weiler-Normann, Xiaoming Bi, Jens Fiehler, Jan Sedlacik
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of patients with hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) and neurological symptoms performed during an epidemic outbreak of Escherichia coli O104:H4 in Northern Europe has previously shown pathological changes in only approximately 50% of patients. In contrast, susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) revealed a loss of venous contrast in a large number of patients. We hypothesized that this observation may be due to an increase in cerebral blood flow (CBF) and aimed to identify a plausible cause...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768015/hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-in-children
#14
Valentina Talarico, Monica Aloe, Alice Monzani, Roberto Miniero, Gianni Bona
Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is a thrombotic microangiopathy defined by thrombocytopenia, non-immune microangiopathic hemolytic anemia and acute renal failure. HUS is typically classified into two primary types: 1) HUS due to infections, often associated with diarrhea (D+HUS, Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia Coli-HUS), with the rare exception of HUS due to a severe disseminated infection caused by Streptococcus; 2) HUS related to complement, such HUS is also known as "atypical HUS" and is not diarrhea associated (D-HUS, aHUS); but recent studies have shown other forms of HUS, that can occur in the course of systemic diseases or physiopathological conditions such as pregnancy, after transplantation or after drug assumption...
December 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748404/the-primary-transcriptome-of-the-escherichia-coli-o104-h4-paa-plasmid-and-novel-insights-into-its-virulence-gene-expression-and-regulation
#15
Petya Berger, Michael Knödler, Konrad U Förstner, Michael Berger, Christian Bertling, Cynthia M Sharma, Jörg Vogel, Helge Karch, Ulrich Dobrindt, Alexander Mellmann
Escherichia coli O104:H4 (E. coli O104:H4), which caused a massive outbreak of acute gastroenteritis and hemolytic uremic syndrome in 2011, carries an aggregative adherence fimbriae I (AAF/I) encoding virulence plasmid, pAA. The importance of pAA in host-pathogen interaction and disease severity has been demonstrated, however, not much is known about its transcriptional organization and gene regulation. Here, we analyzed the pAA primary transcriptome using differential RNA sequencing, which allows for the high-throughput mapping of transcription start site (TSS) and non-coding RNA candidates...
October 17, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745751/province-wide-review-of-pediatric-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-case-management
#16
Stephen B Freedman, Mohamed Eltorki, Linda Chui, Jianling Xie, Sharon Feng, Judy MacDonald, Andrew Dixon, Samina Ali, Marie Louie, Bonita E Lee, Lara Osterreicher, Jennifer Thull-Freedman
OBJECTIVE: To identify the gaps in the care of children infected with Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC), we sought to quantitate care received and management timelines. Such knowledge is crucial to the design of interventions to prevent the development of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective case-series study of 78 children infected with STEC in Alberta, Canada, through the linkage of microbiology and laboratory results, telephone health advice records, hospital charts, physician billing submissions, and outpatient antimicrobial dispensing databases...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725813/active-shiga-like-toxin-produced-by-some-aeromonas-spp-isolated-in-mexico-city
#17
Ingrid Palma-Martínez, Andrea Guerrero-Mandujano, Manuel J Ruiz-Ruiz, Cecilia Hernández-Cortez, José Molina-López, Virgilio Bocanegra-García, Graciela Castro-Escarpulli
Shiga-like toxins (Stx) represent a group of bacterial toxins involved in human and animal diseases. Stx is produced by enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli, Shigella dysenteriae type 1, Citrobacter freundii, and Aeromonas spp.; Stx is an important cause of bloody diarrhea and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). The aim of this study was to identify the stx1/stx2 genes in clinical strains and outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) of Aeromonas spp., 66 strains were isolated from children who live in Mexico City, and Stx effects were evaluated in Vero cell cultures...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718086/serological-and-genetic-complement-alterations-in-infection-induced-and-complement-mediated-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome
#18
Dineke Westra, Elena B Volokhina, Renate G van der Molen, Thea J A M van der Velden, Annelies Jeronimus-Klaasen, Joop Goertz, Valentina Gracchi, Eiske M Dorresteijn, Antonia H M Bouts, Mandy G Keijzer-Veen, Joanna A E van Wijk, Jaap A Bakker, Anja Roos, Lambert P van den Heuvel, Nicole C A J van de Kar
BACKGROUND: The role of complement in the atypical form of hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) has been investigated extensively in recent years. As the HUS-associated bacteria Shiga-toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) can evade the complement system, we hypothesized that complement dysregulation is also important in infection-induced HUS. METHODS: Serological profiles (C3, FH, FI, AP activity, C3d, C3bBbP, C3b/c, TCC, αFH) and genetic profiles (CFH, CFI, CD46, CFB, C3) of the alternative complement pathway were prospectively determined in the acute and convalescent phase of disease in children newly diagnosed with STEC-HUS or aHUS...
February 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708211/can-mutations-in-the-gene-encoding-transcription-factor-eklf-erythroid-kr%C3%A3-ppel-like-factor-protect-us-against-infectious-and-parasitic-diseases
#19
Krzysztof Mikołajczyk, Radosław Kaczmarek, Marcin Czerwiński
Transcription factor EKLF (Erythroid Krüppel-Like Factor) belongs to the group of Krüppellike factors, which regulate proliferation, differentiation, development and apoptosis of mammalian cells. EKLF factor is present in erythroid cells, where it participates in regulation of hematopoiesis, expression of genes encoding transmembrane proteins (including blood group antigens), and heme biosynthesis enzymes. It is also a key factor in downregulation of γ-globins and activation of β-globin gene expression...
October 6, 2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667362/serotypes-virulence-profiles-and-stx-subtypes-of-shigatoxigenic-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-chicken-derived-products
#20
Mónica Z Alonso, Alejandra Krüger, Marcelo E Sanz, Nora L Padola, Paula M A Lucchesi
Shigatoxigenic Escherichia coli (STEC) is a foodborne pathogen that causes hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) and the consumption of chicken products has been related to some HUS cases. We performed a non-selective isolation and characterization of STEC strains from retail chicken products. STEC isolates were characterized according to the presence of stx1, stx2, eae, saa and ehxA; stx subtypes and serotypes. Most of them carried stx2, showing subtypes associated with severe human disease. Although reported in other avian species, the stx2f subtype was not detected...
October 2016: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
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