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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934729/the-effect-of-perceived-stress-on-epstein-barr-virus-antibody-titers-in-appalachian-ohio-women
#1
Melissa J Brook, Lisa M Christian, Erinn M Hade, Mack T Ruffin
OBJECTIVE: The Appalachian population suffers a disparate burden of chronic stress leading to high perceived stress. The study aim was to determine the association between perceived stress and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) antibody titers, along with the impact of perceived social support, Appalachian self-identify, and health behaviors. METHODS: Serum EBV VCA-IgG antibody titer levels from 169 female Appalachian residents (aged 18-26 years) were examined. Perceived stress, perceived social support, Appalachian self-identity, and health behaviors were assessed via self-administered questionnaires...
September 22, 2017: Neuroimmunomodulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933911/differential-support-for-female-supervisors-among-men-and-women
#2
Andrea C Vial, Victoria L Brescoll, Jaime L Napier, John F Dovidio, Tom R Tyler
Two studies evaluated the lay belief that women feel particularly negatively about other women in the workplace and particularly in supervisory roles. The authors tested the general proposition, derived from social identity theory (Tajfel & Turner, 1979, 2004), that women, compared to men, may be more supportive of other women in positions of authority, whereas men would respond more favorably to other men than to women in positions of authority. Consistent with predictions, data from an online experiment (n = 259), in which the authors randomly assigned men and women to evaluate identical female (vs...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933884/critical-action-as-a-pathway-to-social-mobility-among-marginalized-youth
#3
Luke J Rapa, Matthew A Diemer, Josefina Bañales
Marginalized youth's development occurs in contexts rife with racialized, gendered, and socioeconomic social identity threats and barriers to social mobility. An emergent line of inquiry suggests critical action-a component of critical consciousness, defined as engaging in individual or collective social action to produce social change-may bolster career development for those experiencing marginalization. Yet, the specific mechanisms underlying critical action-career development associations are not well understood...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929788/the-familial-and-the-familiar-locating-relatedness-in-colombian-donor-conception
#4
Malissa Kay Shaw
In this article, I explore how women undergoing in-vitro fertilization with familial or anonymous egg donors located relatedness with a donor-conceived child through familial and social identities. Recognizing gametes as substances that contain biological and sociocultural/behavioral traits, shaped women's narratives around interconnected notions of the familial and familiar, or the social understanding of biological and social inheritance, and knowledge of the genetic materials involved. Women's narratives of relatedness reflect their relationships with family and society and their desire to reproduce these relationships in their child(ren), a process that reproduces prevailing Colombian social values and notions of ideal citizens...
September 20, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928304/nomophobic-behaviors-among-smartphone-using-medical-and-engineering-students-in-two-colleges-of-west-bengal
#5
Pallabi Dasgupta, Sharmistha Bhattacherjee, Samir Dasgupta, Jayanta Kumar Roy, Abhijit Mukherjee, Romy Biswas
BACKGROUND: Growing smartphone usage among global and Indian college students has resulted in considerable issues of "nomophobia" (NMP) or feelings of discomfort or anxiety experienced by individuals whenever unable to use their smartphones. This significantly impacts their health, work, and study. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to find out the prevalence of NMP among smartphone using medical and engineering undergraduates of West Bengal and to compare the nomophobic behaviors, its predictors, and smartphone usage among them...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927483/the-impact-of-younger-onset-dementia-on-relationships-intimacy-and-sexuality-in-midlife-couples-a-systematic-review
#6
Kristen Holdsworth, Marita McCabe
BACKGROUND: The impact of dementia on relationships, intimacy, and sexuality has been documented in later life couples. However, little is known about the experiences of couples living with younger-onset dementia. The aim of this systematic review was to analyze the literature describing the impact of younger-onset dementia on relationships, intimacy, and sexuality in midlife couples. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted in July 2016 for relevant research papers...
September 20, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926742/an-interpersonal-perspective-on-criterion-a-of-the-dsm-5-alternative-model-for-personality-disorders
#7
REVIEW
Aaron L Pincus
This paper links Criterion A of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5th Edition Alternative Model for Personality Disorders with the contemporary interpersonal model of personality pathology. Advances in interpersonal theory and assessment are outlined to demonstrate that Criterion A's self (identity, self-direction) and interpersonal (empathy, intimacy) impairments are related to the interpersonal meta-constructs and agency and communion and are operationalized by perceptual, behavioral, and affective mechanisms of the interpersonal situation framework...
September 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925281/fertility-regulation-as-identity-maintenance-understanding-the-social-aspects-of-birth-control
#8
Cicely Marston, Alicia Renedo, Gertrude Nsorma Nyaaba
We take a dialogical approach to exploring fertility regulation practices and show how they can maintain or express social identity. We identify three themes in educated Ghanaian women's accounts of how they navigate conflicting social demands on their identity when trying to regulate fertility: secrecy and silence - hiding contraception use and avoiding talking about it; tolerating uncertainty - such as using unreliable but more socially acceptable contraception; and wanting to be fertile and protecting menses...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922828/telling-stories-about-post-war-britain-popular-individualism-and-the-crisis-of-the-1970s
#9
Emily Robinson, Camilla Schofield, Florence Sutcliffe-Braithwaite, Natalie Thomlinson
This article argues that, by the 1970s, people in Britain were increasingly insistent about defining and claiming their individual rights, identities and perspectives. Using individual narratives and testimonies, we show that many were expressing desires for greater personal autonomy and self-determination. We suggest that this was an important trend across the post-war decades, and of particular importance to understanding the 1970s. This popular individualism was not the result of Thatcher; if anything, it was a cause of Thatcherism...
June 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922073/the-effects-of-individual-and-network-level-factors-on-discussion-of-cancer-experiences-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-in-korea
#10
Min Ah Kim, Jaehee Yi, Kort C Prince, Elizabeth Nagelhout, Yelena Wu
This study aimed to identify young adult Korean cancer survivors' individual- (psychological distress, stigma, sociodemographic variables, and cancer-related variables) and network-level factors (relationship type, social support type) that influence discussion of their cancer experiences. Sixty-eight survivors of childhood cancer who were recruited using snowball sampling nominated 245 individuals from their networks, including family and intimate partners (40%) and friends and acquaintances (60%), as people with whom they most frequently interacted...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920011/perceived-racial-ethnic-discrimination-and-mental-health-a-review-and-future-directions-for-social-epidemiology
#11
Anissa I Vines, Julia B Ward, Evette Cordoba, Kristin Z Black
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent literature on racial or ethnic discrimination and mental health was reviewed to assess the current science and identify key areas of emphasis for social epidemiology. Objectives of this review were to: 1) Determine whether there have been advancements in the measurement and analysis of perceived discrimination; 2) Identify the use of theories and/or frameworks in perceived discrimination and mental health research; and 3) Assess the extent to which stress buffers are being considered and evaluated in the existing literature...
June 2017: Current Epidemiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915780/cognitive-load-reduces-perceived-linguistic-convergence-between-dyads
#12
Jennifer Abel, Molly Babel
Speech convergence is the tendency of talkers to become more similar to someone they are listening or talking to, whether that person is a conversational partner or merely a voice heard repeating words. To elucidate the nature of the mechanisms underlying convergence, this study uses different levels of task difficulty on speech convergence within dyads collaborating on a task. Dyad members had to build identical LEGO® constructions without being able to see each other's construction, and with each member having half of the instructions required to complete the construction...
September 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912736/understanding-the-uncanny-both-atypical-features-and-category-ambiguity-provoke-aversion-toward-humanlike-robots
#13
Megan K Strait, Victoria A Floerke, Wendy Ju, Keith Maddox, Jessica D Remedios, Malte F Jung, Heather L Urry
Robots intended for social contexts are often designed with explicit humanlike attributes in order to facilitate their reception by (and communication with) people. However, observation of an "uncanny valley"-a phenomenon in which highly humanlike entities provoke aversion in human observers-has lead some to caution against this practice. Both of these contrasting perspectives on the anthropomorphic design of social robots find some support in empirical investigations to date. Yet, owing to outstanding empirical limitations and theoretical disputes, the uncanny valley and its implications for human-robot interaction remains poorly understood...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911327/negotiating-power-relations-gender-equality-and-collective-agency-are-village-health-committees-transformative-social-spaces-in-northern-india
#14
Kerry Scott, Asha S George, Steven A Harvey, Shinjini Mondal, Gupteswar Patel, Kabir Sheikh
BACKGROUND: Participatory health initiatives ideally support progressive social change and stronger collective agency for marginalized groups. However, this empowering potential is often limited by inequalities within communities and between communities and outside actors (i.e. government officials, policymakers). We examined how the participatory initiative of Village Health, Sanitation, and Nutrition Committees (VHSNCs) can enable and hinder the renegotiation of power in rural north India...
September 15, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903711/authoritarianism-and-national-identity-examining-the-longitudinal-effects-of-sdo-and-rwa-on-nationalism-and-patriotism
#15
Danny Osborne, Petar Milojev, Chris G Sibley
The resurgence of right-wing political parties across the globe raises questions about the origins of national identity. Based on the Dual Process Model of Ideology and Prejudice, we argue that people's tendency to submit to ingroup authorities (Right-Wing Authoritarianism [RWA]) and preference for group-based hierarchy (Social Dominance Orientation [SDO]) underlie people's belief in the superiority of their nation (nationalism) and attachment to their homeland (patriotism). We examine these hypotheses using three waves of data from an annually conducted national longitudinal panel study of New Zealanders ( N = 3,838)...
August 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903675/interactive-effects-of-obvious-and-ambiguous-social-categories-on-perceptions-of-leadership-when-double-minority-status-may-be-beneficial
#16
John Paul Wilson, Jessica D Remedios, Nicholas O Rule
Easily perceived identities (e.g., race) may interact with perceptually ambiguous identities (e.g., sexual orientation) in meaningful but elusive ways. Here, we investigated how intersecting identities impact impressions of leadership. People perceived gay Black men as better leaders than members of either single-minority group (i.e., gay or Black). Yet, different traits supported judgments of the leadership abilities of Black and White targets; for instance, warmth positively predicted leadership judgments for Black men but dominance positively predicted leadership judgments for White men...
June 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903670/daily-autonomy-support-and-sexual-identity-disclosure-predicts-daily-mental-and-physical-health-outcomes
#17
Nicole Legate, Richard M Ryan, Ronald D Rogge
Using a daily diary methodology, we examined how social environments support or fail to support sexual identity disclosure, and associated mental and physical health outcomes. Results showed that variability in disclosure across the diary period related to greater psychological well-being and fewer physical symptoms, suggesting potential adaptive benefits to selectively disclosing. A multilevel path model indicated that perceiving autonomy support in conversations predicted more disclosure, which in turn predicted more need satisfaction, greater well-being, and fewer physical symptoms that day...
June 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903666/who-represents-our-group-the-effects-of-prototype-content-on-perceived-status-dispersion-and-social-undermining
#18
Hee Young Kim, Batia M Wiesenfeld
Group identity may be embodied in more typical or extreme member attributes. The present research suggests that individuals' perceptions of the group identity prototype predict their beliefs about the status hierarchy and, in turn, the prevalence of social undermining behavior. Across four studies using both experimental and field data, we find that perceiving that the group prototype is focused on the ideal rather than the central tendency is associated with greater levels of perceived status dispersion and social undermining, and that perceived status dispersion mediates the relationship between members' perception of the group prototype and social undermining behavior...
June 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903661/social-identification-in-sports-teams-the-role-of-personal-social-and-collective-identity-motives
#19
William E Thomas, Rupert Brown, Matthew J Easterbrook, Vivian L Vignoles, Claudia Manzi, Chiara D'Angelo, Jeremy J Holt
Based on motivated identity construction theory (MICT; Vignoles, 2011), we offer an integrative approach examining the combined roles of six identity motives (self-esteem, distinctiveness, belonging, meaning, continuity, and efficacy) instantiated at three different motivational levels (personal, social, and collective identity) as predictors of group identification. These identity processes were investigated among 369 members of 45 sports teams from England and Italy in a longitudinal study over 6 months with four time points...
April 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903633/collective-self-determination-how-the-agent-of-help-promotes-pride-well-being-and-support-for-intergroup-helping
#20
Emma F Thomas, Catherine E Amiot, Winnifred R Louis, Alice Goddard
This research integrates self-determination theory and the social identity approach to investigate the notion of collective (group level) self-determination, and to test how the agent of intergroup help (helping initiated by a group representative versus group members) shapes group members' motives and support for intergroup helping. Study 1 ( N = 432) demonstrates that collective self-determination predicts support for intergroup helping, group pride, and well-being, over and above individual-level self-determined motivation...
May 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
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