keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"Only children"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325595/mortality-impact-of-an-increased-blood-glucose-cut-off-level-for-hypoglycaemia-treatment-in-severely-sick-children-in-malawi-sugarfact-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Tim Baker, Queen Dube, Josephine Langton, Helena Hildenwall
BACKGROUND: Mortality in children remains high in sub-Saharan African hospitals. While antimalarial drugs, antibiotics and other definitive treatments are well understood, the role of emergency care with supportive therapies, such as maintaining normal glucose and electrolyte balances, has been given limited attention. Hypoglycaemia is common in children admitted to hospital in low-income settings. The current definition of hypoglycaemia is a blood glucose level < 2.5 mmol/L in a well-nourished child...
January 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315408/birth-order-and-number-of-siblings-and-their-association-with-overweight-and-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Fernanda Oliveira Meller, Christian Loret de Mola, Maria Cecília Formoso Assunção, Antônio Augusto Schäfer, Darren Lawrence Dahly, Fernando Celso Barros
Context: The effect of both birth order and number of siblings on overweight and/or obesity has not been determined. Birth order and sibsize have been mathematically coupled to overweight and/or obesity, but thus far their respective effects have been estimated separately. Objective: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the effects of both birth order and number of siblings on the risk of overweight/obesity. Data Sources: The electronic databases MEDLINE, Social Science, SocINDEX, PsycINFO, CINAHL Plus, and Academic Search Complete were searched systematically...
January 5, 2018: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305927/neurobehavioural-outcomes-in-children-after-in-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#3
Beth S Slomine, Faye S Silverstein, James R Christensen, Richard Holubkov, Russell Telford, J Michael Dean, Frank W Moler
AIM: Children who remain comatose after in-hospital cardiac arrest (IH-CA) resuscitation are at risk for poor neurological outcome. We report results of detailed neurobehavioural testing in paediatric IH-CA survivors, initially comatose after return of circulation, and enrolled in THAPCA-IH, a clinical trial that evaluated two targeted temperature management interventions (hypothermia, 33.0 °C or normothermia, 36.8 °C; NCT00880087). METHODS: Children, aged 2 days to <18 years, were enrolled in THAPCA-IH from 2009-2015; primary trial outcome (survival with favorable neurobehavioural outcome) did not differ between groups...
January 3, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305409/adjunctive-pharmacotherapies-in-children-with-asthma-exacerbations-requiring-continuous-albuterol-therapy-findings-from-the-ohio-pediatric-asthma-repository
#4
Steven L Shein, Obada Farhan, Nathan Morris, Nabihah Mahmood, Sherman J Alter, Jocelyn M Biagini Myers, Samantha M Gunkelman, Carolyn M Kercsmar, Gurjit K Khurana Hershey, Lisa J Martin, Karen S McCoy, Jennifer R Ruddy, Kristie R Ross
OBJECTIVES: To identify associations between use of ipratropium and/or intravenous magnesium and outcomes of children hospitalized with acute asthma exacerbations and treated with continuous albuterol. METHODS: Secondary analysis of data from children prospectively enrolled in the multicenter Ohio Pediatric Asthma Repository restricted to only children who were treated with continuous albuterol in their initial inpatient location. Children were treated with adjunctive therapies per the clinical team...
January 5, 2018: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287272/consumption-of-water-from-ex-mining-ponds-in-klang-valley-and-melaka-malaysia-a-health-risk-study
#5
Isa Baba Koki, Kah Hin Low, Hafizan Juahir, Munirah Abdul Zali, Azman Azid, Sharifuddin Md Zain
Evaluation of health risks due to heavy metals exposure via drinking water from ex-mining ponds in Klang Valley and Melaka has been conducted. Measurements of As, Cd, Pb, Mn, Fe, Na, Mg, Ca, and dissolved oxygen, pH, electrical conductivity, total dissolved solid, ammoniacal nitrogen, total suspended solid, biological oxygen demand were collected from 12 ex-mining ponds and 9 non-ex-mining lakes. Exploratory analysis identified As, Cd, and Pb as the most representative water quality parameters in the studied areas...
December 19, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273539/effectiveness-of-who-s-pragmatic-screening-algorithm-for-child-contacts-of-tuberculosis-cases-in-resource-constrained-settings-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-uganda
#6
Leonardo Martinez, Ye Shen, Andreas Handel, Srijita Chakraburty, Catherine M Stein, LaShaunda L Malone, W Henry Boom, Frederick D Quinn, Moses L Joloba, Christopher C Whalen, Sarah Zalwango
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis is a leading cause of global childhood mortality; however, interventions to detect undiagnosed tuberculosis in children are underused. Child contact tracing has been widely recommended but poorly implemented in resource-constrained settings. WHO has proposed a pragmatic screening approach for managing child contacts. We assessed the effectiveness of this screening approach and alternative symptom-based algorithms in identifying secondary tuberculosis in a prospectively followed cohort of Ugandan child contacts...
December 19, 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259767/the-protective-effectiveness-of-control-interventions-for-malaria-prevention-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#7
Thomas Kesteman, Milijaona Randrianarivelojosia, Christophe Rogier
Background: Thanks to a considerable increase in funding, malaria control interventions (MCI) whose efficacy had been demonstrated by controlled trials have been largely scaled up during the last decade. Nevertheless, it was not systematically investigated whether this efficacy had been preserved once deployed on the field. Therefore, we sought the literature to assess the disparities between efficacy and effectiveness and the effort to measure the protective effectiveness (PE) of MCI. Methods: The PubMed database was searched for references with keywords related to malaria, to control interventions for prevention and to study designs that allow for the measure of the PE against parasitemia or against clinical outcomes...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248925/morpho-orthographic-processing-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-the-case-of-hebrew-orthography
#8
Sara Ferman, Amalia Bar-On
OBJECTIVE: Most studies on word reading in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) focus on graphemic-phonemic decoding and the direct orthographic route. To extend the scope, we investigated morpho-orthographic identification beyond graphemic-phonemic abilities. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The original study included 31 sixth-grade children with ASD and comparison groups of typically developing (TD) children: 23 age-matched children, 15 third-graders, and 17 second-graders...
2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246335/somatic-development-in-children-with-congenital-heart-defects
#9
MULTICENTER STUDY
Martin Poryo, Laura Antonia Paes, Thomas Pickardt, Ulrike M M Bauer, Sascha Meyer, Stefan Wagenpfeil, Hashim Abdul-Khaliq
OBJECTIVES: Somatic development is impaired in children with congenital heart defects (CHDs), and head circumference seems to be a strong predictor of neurodevelopmental prognosis. The aim of this study was to generate up-to-date reference values for the somatic development (head circumference, body weight, and length/height) of children with CHDs. STUDY DESIGN: Our study population consisted of all patients included in the PAN study (Prävalenz angeborener Herzfehler bei Neugeborenen in Deutschland), which was conducted prospectively over a 3-year study period by the Competence Network for Congenital Heart Defects...
January 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244989/global-use-of-traditional-and-complementary-medicine-in-childhood-cancer-a-systematic-review
#10
Caroline Diorio, Catherine G Lam, Elena J Ladas, Festus Njuguna, Glenn M Afungchwi, Katherine Taromina, Stacey Marjerrison
Purpose Traditional and complementary medicine (T&CM) strategies are commonly used in pediatric oncology. Patterns may vary based on country income. We systematically reviewed published studies describing T&CM use among pediatric oncology patients in low-income countries (LIC/LMIC), middle-income countries (UMIC), and high-income countries (HIC). Objectives included describing estimated prevalence of use, reasons for use, perceived effectiveness, modalities used, rates of disclosure, and reporting of delayed or abandoned treatment...
December 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224774/australian-children-with-cleft-palate-achieve-age-appropriate-speech-by-5-years-of-age
#11
Antonia Chacon, Melissa Parkin, Kate Broome, Alison Purcell
INTRODUCTION: Children with cleft palate demonstrate atypical speech sound development, which can influence their intelligibility, literacy and learning. There is limited documentation regarding how speech sound errors change over time in cleft palate speech and the effect that these errors have upon mono-versus polysyllabic word production. The objective of this study was to examine the phonetic and phonological speech skills of children with cleft palate at ages 3 and 5. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational design was used...
December 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204814/commentary-on-gay-male-only-children-evidence-for-low-birth-weight-and-high-maternal-miscarriage-rates-from-the-prenatal-thyroid-model-perspective
#12
Osman Sabuncuoglu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 4, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177617/do-parents-model-gestures-differently-when-children-s-gestures-differ
#13
Şeyda Özçalışkan, Lauren B Adamson, Nevena Dimitrova, Stephanie Baumann
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or with Down syndrome (DS) show diagnosis-specific differences from typically developing (TD) children in gesture production. We asked whether these differences reflect the differences in parental gesture input. Our systematic observations of 23 children with ASD and 23 with DS (Mages = 2;6)-compared to 23 TD children (Mage = 1;6) similar in expressive vocabulary-showed that across groups children and parents produced similar types of gestures and gesture-speech combinations...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168569/point-of-use-fortification-of-foods-with-micronutrient-powders-containing-iron-in-children-of-preschool-and-school-age
#14
REVIEW
Luz Maria De-Regil, Maria Elena D Jefferds, Juan Pablo Peña-Rosas
BACKGROUND: Approximately 600 million children of preschool and school age are anaemic worldwide. It is estimated that at least half of the cases are due to iron deficiency. Point-of-use fortification of foods with micronutrient powders (MNP) has been proposed as a feasible intervention to prevent and treat anaemia. It refers to the addition of iron alone or in combination with other vitamins and minerals in powder form, to energy-containing foods (excluding beverages) at home or in any other place where meals are to be consumed...
November 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099700/-study-of-the-ptpn22-gene-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-azerbaijani-population
#15
G Ahmadov
The PTPN22 gene was studied in 160 children with type 1 diabetes mellitus under the age of 18 years and in 271 healthy children. Of the 160 patients, 50.6% (n=81) were boys, 49.4% (n=79) were girls. The average age of diabetic children was 9.1 years. The survey was conducted on the basis of the Children's Clinical Hospital No. 6 in Baku city. For all patients, a special questionnaire was filled out. Only children of Azerbaijani nationality were included in the study. As a comparison group, 271 students of the Medical College No...
October 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098283/with-some-help-from-others-hands-iconic-gesture-helps-semantic-learning-in-children-with-specific-language-impairment
#16
Susanne S Vogt, Christina Kauschke
Purpose: Semantic learning under 2 co-speech gesture conditions was investigated in children with specific language impairment (SLI) and typically developing (TD) children. Learning was analyzed between conditions. Method: Twenty children with SLI (aged 4 years), 20 TD children matched for age, and 20 TD children matched for language scores were taught rare nouns and verbs. Children heard the target words while seeing either iconic gestures illustrating a property of the referent or a control gesture focusing children's attention on the word...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067896/why-do-children-pay-more-attention-to-grammatical-morphemes-at-the-ends-of-sentences
#17
Megha Sundara
Children pay more attention to the beginnings and ends of sentences rather than the middle. In natural speech, ends of sentences are prosodically and segmentally enhanced; they are also privileged by sensory and recall advantages. We contrasted whether acoustic enhancement or sensory and recall-related advantages are necessary and sufficient for the salience of grammatical morphemes at the ends of sentences. We measured 22-month-olds' listening times to grammatical and ungrammatical sentences with third person singular -s...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059605/the-interplay-between-sharing-behavior-and-beliefs-about-others-in-children-during-dictator-games
#18
Hernando Santamaría-García, María Luz González-Gadea, Rafael Di Tella, Agustín Ibáñez, Mariano Sigman
Previous studies in adults demonstrated that beliefs and sharing decisions in social scenarios are closely related. However, to date, little is known about the development of this relationship in children. By using a modified dictator game, we assessed sharing behavior and beliefs about others in children between 3 and 12 years old. We performed four studies (N = 376) aimed to assess whether decisions were related to beliefs (Studies 1 and 2) and whether information about the recipient's forced sharing behavior would shape decisions and beliefs (Studies 3 and 4)...
February 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058961/-who-are-you-from-the-importance-of-family-stories
#19
Martha Driessnack
This article emphasizes the importance of family stories, or intergenerational narratives, and their health benefits across the lifespan. Knowing and sharing the story of who you are from complements the current focus on knowing and sharing one's geographic heritage, or where you are from. Knowing one's family stories creates meaning that goes beyond the individual to provide a sense of self, through time, and in relation to family. This expanded sense of self is referred to as our intergenerational self, which not only grounds an individual but also provides a larger context for understanding and dealing with life's experience(s) and challenges...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Family Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016324/hemoglobin-levels-and-the-risk-of-malaria-in-papua-new-guinean-infants-a-nested-cohort-study
#20
Patrick Lombardo, Paul Vaucher, Patricia Rarau, Ivo Mueller, Bernard Favrat, Nicolas Senn
Studies are available that assess the risk of malaria in accordance to the body's iron store and the systematic iron supplementation of preschool children. However, only a few studies evaluated the temporal association between hemoglobin and malaria and their results are opposing. A total of 1,650 3-month-old Papua New Guinean infants were enrolled in this study and followed-up for 12 months. The risk of malaria was assessed in all children every 3 months and with each episode of fever. The incidence of clinical malaria between 3 and 15 months of age was 249 cases per 1,000 infants per year...
September 25, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
keyword
keyword
112128
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"