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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726595/co-circulation-and-co-infections-of-all-dengue-virus-serotypes-in-hyderabad-india-2014
#1
K Vaddadi, C Gandikota, P K Jain, V S V Prasad, M Venkataramana
The burden of dengue virus infections increased globally during recent years. Though India is considered as dengue hyper-endemic country, limited data are available on disease epidemiology. The present study includes molecular characterization of dengue virus strains occurred in Hyderabad, India, during the year 2014. A total of 120 febrile cases were recruited for this study, which includes only children and 41 were serologically confirmed for dengue positive infections using non-structural (NS1) and/or IgG/IgM ELISA tests...
July 20, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711175/the-prevalence-of-rome-iv-nonerosive-esophageal-phenotypes-in-children
#2
Lisa B Mahoney, Samuel Nurko, Rachel Rosen
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of Rome IV nonerosive esophageal phenotypes in children using multichannel intraluminal impedance testing and to describe the rates of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) responsiveness and the frequency of microscopic esophagitis in these patients. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective review of all children ≥5 years of age who underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy and multichannel intraluminal impedance testing off PPI therapy for evaluation of typical gastroesophageal reflux symptoms...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701495/neurodegenerative-and-psychiatric-diseases-among-families-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#3
Elisa Longinetti, Daniela Mariosa, Henrik Larsson, Weimin Ye, Caroline Ingre, Catarina Almqvist, Paul Lichtenstein, Fredrik Piehl, Fang Fang
OBJECTIVE: To estimate risks of neurodegenerative and psychiatric diseases among patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and their families. METHODS: We conducted a register-based nested case-control study during 1990-2013 in Sweden to assess whether patients with ALS had higher risks of other neurodegenerative and psychiatric diseases before diagnosis. We included 3,648 patients with ALS and 36,480 age-, sex-, and county of birth-matched population controls...
July 12, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695672/developmental-delays-in-emotion-regulation-strategies-in-preschoolers-with-autism
#4
Heather J Nuske, Darren Hedley, Alexandra Woollacott, Phoebe Thomson, Suzanne Macari, Cheryl Dissanayake
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) commonly present with difficulty regulating negative emotions, which has been found to impact their behavioral and mental health. Little research has documented the strategies that children with ASD use to regulate their emotion to understand whether they use qualitatively different strategies to children without ASD, whether these are developmentally delayed, or both. Forty-four children with ASD and 29 typically-developing children (2-4 years) were given tasks designed to mimic everyday life experiences requiring children to manage low-level stress (e...
July 11, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669361/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-on-the-incubation-period-of-campylobacteriosis
#5
A Awofisayo-Okuyelu, I Hall, G Adak, J I Hawker, S Abbott, N McCARTHY
Accurate knowledge of pathogen incubation period is essential to inform public health policies and implement interventions that contribute to the reduction of burden of disease. The incubation period distribution of campylobacteriosis is currently unknown with several sources reporting different times. Variation in the distribution could be expected due to host, transmission vehicle, and organism characteristics, however, the extent of this variation and influencing factors are unclear. The authors have undertaken a systematic review of published literature of outbreak studies with well-defined point source exposures and human experimental studies to estimate the distribution of incubation period and also identify and explain the variation in the distribution between studies...
July 3, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661964/cerebrospinal-fluid-b-lymphocyte-chemoattractant-cxcl-13-in-the-diagnosis-of-acute-lyme-neuroborreliosis-in-children
#6
Bjørn Barstad, Dag Tveitnes, Sølvi Noraas, Ingvild Selvik Ask, Maryam Saeed, Franziskus Bosse, Grete Vigemyr, Ilka Huber, Knut Øymar
BACKGROUND: Current markers of Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB) in children have insufficient sensitivity in the early stage of disease. The B-lymphocyte chemoattractant CXCL13 in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) may be useful in diagnosing LNB, but its specificity has not been evaluated in studies including children with clinically relevant differential diagnoses. The aim of this study was to elucidate the diagnostic value of CSF CXCL13 in children with symptoms suggestive of LNB. METHODS: Children with symptoms suggestive of LNB were included prospectively into predefined groups with a high or low likelihood of LNB based on CSF pleocytosis and the detection of Borrelia antibodies or other causative agents...
June 28, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657816/retrospective-evaluation-of-risk-factors-for-pediatric-secondary-transport
#7
Jennifer N Fishe, Kevin J Psoter, Bruce L Klein, Jennifer F Anders
OBJECTIVE: Emergency medical services (EMS) typically transports patients to the nearest emergency department (ED). After initial presentation, children who require specialized care must undergo secondary transport, exposing them to additional risks and delaying definitive treatment. EMS direct transport protocols exist for major trauma and certain adult medical conditions, however the same cannot be said for pediatric medical conditions or injuries that do not meet trauma center criteria ('minor trauma')...
June 28, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654563/neuroborreliosis-in-swedish-children-a-population-based-study-on-incidence-and-clinical-characteristics
#8
Liv Södermark, Vignir Sigurdsson, Wilhelmina Näs, Pernilla Wall, Birger Trollfors
BACKGROUND: Borrelia burgdorferi is a common cause of bacterial meningitis but there are very few studies on incidence in Europe. OBJECTIVE: To report the incidence and symptoms of neuroborreliosis in Swedish children. DESIGN: Medical records of children (<15 years) treated for neuroborreliosis 2002-2014 were studied retrospectively. The patients were identified in the computerized registers of discharge diagnoses at the Departments of Pediatrics and Infectious Diseases in Gothenburg, Borås, Trollhättan and Halmstad using ICD-10 diagnosis codes G51...
June 24, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623142/complication-of-newborn-circumcision-meatal-stenosis-or-meatal-web
#9
Mehmet Ali Özen, Gökhan Gündoğdu, Mehmet Taşdemir, Egemen Eroğlu
INTRODUCTION: Meatal stenosis (MS) is a known complication of newborn circumcision. Symptoms are usually masked in young kids with a diaper. Deflation of urinary stream, dysuria, urinary frequency, and incontinence are the most common reported symptoms. Diagnosis of MS is still controversial. A narrow pinpoint urethral meatus is the current accepted diagnostic criteria. OBJECTIVE: In our practice, we observed that our cases do not overlap to the classic definition and presentation of MS...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579135/urinary-tract-infection-after-voiding-cystourethrogram
#10
E K Johnson, N R Malhotra, R Shannon, D L Jacobson, J Green, C K Rigsby, J L Holl, E Y Cheng
BACKGROUND: Reported rates of post-procedural urinary tract infection (ppUTI) after voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) are highly variable (0-42%). OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the risk of ppUTI after cystogram, and evaluate predictors of ppUTI. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of children undergoing VCUG or radionuclide cystogram (henceforth 'cystogram') was conducted. Children with neurogenic bladder who underwent cystogram in the operating room and without follow-up at the study institution were excluded...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556932/a-systematic-review-of-the-association-between-consumption-of-sugar-containing-beverages-and-excess-weight-gain-among-children-under-age-12
#11
Julie Frantsve-Hawley, James D Bader, Jean A Welsh, J Timothy Wright
OBJECTIVE: A systematic review was conducted to address this clinical question: Does consumption of (non-dairy) sugar-containing beverages (SCBs) among children under age 12 result in excess weight gain? METHODS: The authors searched four databases for controlled trials (randomized and non-randomized) and cohort studies published in English through March 29, 2016: PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, CINAHL. Initial and full-text screening, data abstraction, and risk of bias assessment were performed independently and in duplicate...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497530/short-term-memory-in-childhood-dyslexia-deficient-serial-order-in-multiple-modalities
#12
Nelson Cowan, Tiffany P Hogan, Mary Alt, Samuel Green, Kathryn L Cabbage, Shara Brinkley, Shelley Gray
In children with dyslexia, deficits in working memory have not been well-specified. We assessed second-grade children with dyslexia, with and without concomitant specific language impairment, and children with typical development. Immediate serial recall of lists of phonological (non-word), lexical (digit), spatial (location) and visual (shape) items were included. For the latter three modalities, we used not only standard span but also running span tasks, in which the list length was unpredictable to limit mnemonic strategies...
May 12, 2017: Dyslexia: the Journal of the British Dyslexia Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496154/young-children-copy-cumulative-technological-design-in-the-absence-of-action-information
#13
E Reindl, I A Apperly, S R Beck, C Tennie
The ratchet effect - the accumulation of beneficial changes in cultural products beyond a level that individuals could reach on their own - is a topic of increasing interest. It is currently debated which social learning mechanisms allow for the generation and transmission of cumulative culture. This study focused on transmission, investigating whether 4- to 6-year-old children were able to copy cumulative technological design and whether they could do so without action information (emulation). We adapted the spaghetti tower task, previously used to test for accumulation of culture in human adults...
May 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492402/can-the-pediatric-logistic-organ-dysfunction-2-score-on-day-1-be-used-in-clinical-criteria-for-sepsis-in-children
#14
Francis Leclerc, Alain Duhamel, Valérie Deken, Bruno Grandbastien, Stéphane Leteurtre
A recent task force has proposed the use of Sequential Organ Failure Assessment in clinical criteria for sepsis in adults. We sought to evaluate the predictive validity for PICU mortality of the Pediatric Logistic Organ Dysfunction-2 and of the "quick" Pediatric Logistic Organ Dysfunction-2 scores on day 1 in children with suspected infection. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of the database used for the development and validation of the Pediatric Logistic Organ Dysfunction-2. SETTINGS: Nine university-affiliated PICUs in Europe...
May 10, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492192/association-between-family-structure-and-oral-health-of-children-with-mixed-dentition-in-suburban-nigeria
#15
Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan, Kikelomo Adebanke Kolawole, Elizabeth O Oziegbe, Titus A Oyedele, Hakeem O Agbaje, Nneka Kate Onjejaka, Victor Olasegun Oshomoji
CONTEXT: Family structures can affect the oral health of the child. However, little is known about the impact of the family structure on oral health of children in Africa. AIMS: To determine the association between family structure, twice daily toothbrushing, use of fluoridated toothpaste, caries, and oral hygiene status of 5-12-year-old children resident in semi-urban Nigeria. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Secondary analysis of the data of 601 children recruited through a household survey conducted in Ile-Ife, Nigeria...
April 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470972/oral-calorie-supplements-for-cystic-fibrosis
#16
REVIEW
Rosalind L Smyth, Oli Rayner
BACKGROUND: Poor nutrition occurs frequently in people with cystic fibrosis and is associated with other adverse outcomes. Oral calorie supplements are used to increase total daily calorie intake and improve weight gain. However, they are expensive and there are concerns they may reduce the amount of food eaten and not improve overall energy intake. This is an update of a previously published review. OBJECTIVES: To establish whether in people with cystic fibrosis, oral calorie supplements: increase daily calorie intake; and improve overall nutritional intake, nutritional indices, lung function, survival and quality of life...
May 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460368/childhood-maltreatment-and-chinese-adolescents-bullying-and-defending-the-mediating-role-of-moral-disengagement
#17
Xingchao Wang, Li Yang, Ling Gao, Jiping Yang, Li Lei, Caiyu Wang
In the present study, we tested the mediating role of moral disengagement in the effect of childhood maltreatment on bullying and defending. We also examined whether the mediating effect of moral disengagement differed between girls and boys, early and middle adolescents, as well as only and non-only children. Five hundred and fifty-two Chinese adolescents participated in this study. The results indicated that the prevalence rates of physical abuse, physical neglect, emotional abuse, and emotional neglect were 4...
April 28, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444987/platelet-count-spleen-length-and-platelet-count-to-spleen-length-ratio-for-the-diagnosis-of-oesophageal-varices-in-people-with-chronic-liver-disease-or-portal-vein-thrombosis
#18
REVIEW
Agostino Colli, Juan Cristóbal Gana, Jason Yap, Thomasin Adams-Webber, Natalie Rashkovan, Simon C Ling, Giovanni Casazza
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend screening of people with oesophageal varices via oesophago-gastro-duodenoscopy at the time of diagnosis of hepatic cirrhosis. This requires that people repeatedly undergo unpleasant invasive procedures with their attendant risks, although half of these people have no identifiable oesophageal varices 10 years after the initial diagnosis of cirrhosis. Platelet count, spleen length, and platelet count-to-spleen length ratio are non-invasive tests proposed as triage tests for the diagnosis of oesophageal varices...
April 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421006/do-demographic-characteristics-make-differences-demographic-characteristics-as-moderators-in-the-associations-between-only-child-status-and-cognitive-non-cognitive-outcomes-in-china
#19
Ning Liu, Yiting Chen, Xiangdong Yang, Yi Hu
Different family compositions and sizes may affect child development through the different modes of interaction between family members. Previous studies have compared only children with non-only children in cognitive/non-cognitive outcomes. However, relatively little research has systematically investigated the potential moderators among them. Using a large and representative sample of Chinese students (Grades 7-8; N = 5,752), this study examines the roles of demographic characteristics, such as gender, region, parental educational level, parental expectations, family socio-economic status and family structure, in the associations between only child status and cognitive/non-cognitive outcomes...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376442/prevalence-of-atypical-pathogens-in-patients-with-cough-and-community-acquired-pneumonia-a-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Christian Marchello, Ariella Perry Dale, Thuy Nhu Thai, Duk Soo Han, Mark H Ebell
PURPOSE: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), acute cough, bronchitis, and lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) are often caused by infections with viruses or Streptococcus pneumoniae. The prevalence of atypical pathogens Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydophila pneumoniae, Legionella pneumophila, and Bordetella pertussis among patients with these illnesses in the ambulatory setting has not been previously summarized. We set out to derive prevalence information from the existing literature...
November 2016: Annals of Family Medicine
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