Read by QxMD icon Read

"Only children"

James A Meltzer, Sergey Kunkov, Jennifer H Chao, Ee Tein Tay, Jerry P George, David Borukhov, Stephen Alerhand, Prince A Harrison, Jeffrey Hom, Ellen F Crain
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess whether increased time from emergency department (ED) triage to appendectomy is associated with a greater risk of children developing appendiceal perforation. METHODS: We performed a multicenter retrospective cohort study of children younger than 18 years hospitalized with appendicitis. To avoid enrolling patients who had perforated prior to ED arrival, we included only children who had a computed tomography (CT) scan demonstrating nonperforated appendicitis...
September 30, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Ahmed Sarkhy, Mohammad I El Mouzan, Elshazaly Saeed, Aziz Alanazi, Sharifa Alghamdi, Shirin Anil, Asaad Assiri
PURPOSE: To determine the socio-economic impact of gluten free diet (GFD) on Saudi children and their families. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in which an online questionnaire was sent to all families registered in the Saudi celiac patients support group. We included only children (age 18 years of age and younger) with biopsy-confirmed celiac disease (CD). RESULTS: A total of 113 children were included in the final analysis, the median age was 9...
September 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
Hanna Knihtilä, Anne Kotaniemi-Syrjänen, Anna S Pelkonen, Satu Kalliola, Mika J Mäkelä, L Pekka Malmberg
INTRODUCTION: Early origins of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease have been recognized. Impulse oscillometry (IOS) is suitable for assessment of lung function also in preschool children, and some novel indices have been connected to assessment of small airway function. However, limited data exist on the sensitivity of these new indices to detect lung function deficits in young symptomatic children. METHODS: IOS measurements of 103 healthy preschool children were evaluated to establish reference equations for the difference between respiratory resistance at 5 and 20 Hz (R5-20), the relative difference of R5-20 (R5-20%), and area under the reactance curve (AX)...
October 13, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
Donna Gillies, Licia Maiocchi, Abhishta P Bhandari, Fiona Taylor, Carl Gray, Louise O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents who have experienced trauma are at high risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other negative emotional, behavioural and mental health outcomes, all of which are associated with high personal and health costs. A wide range of psychological treatments are used to prevent negative outcomes associated with trauma in children and adolescents. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of psychological therapies in preventing PTSD and associated negative emotional, behavioural and mental health outcomes in children and adolescents who have undergone a traumatic event...
October 11, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Christelle Pons, Dinomais Mickael, Franck Fitoussi, Marie-Charlotte D'Anjou, Mélanie Porte, Emilie Rumilly, Nathaly Quintero, Philippe Violas, Sylvain Brochard
OBJECTIVE: In children with obstetrical brachial plexus palsy (OBPP), shoulder musculoskeletal deformity is the main cause of morbidity, with a loss of range of shoulder motion, pain and a reduction in social participation. Some uncontrolled studies show that early injections of botulinum toxin (BTI) in the internal shoulder rotator muscles (which cause the deformity) are one of the most promising treatments for the prevention of bony deformity. The main objective of this study will be the evaluation of the effectiveness of BTI in the internal shoulder rotator muscles at the age of 6 months in preventing an increase in posterior subluxation of the glenohumeral joint in babies with OBPP (evaluated at the ages of 5 and 12 months), compared with a placebo...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Linqi Yang, Xiuzhen Chua, Dimple D Rajgor, Bee Choo Tai, Swee Chye Quek
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The treatment of native coarctation of aorta (CoA) has evolved since surgery performed in 1944, followed by transcatheter balloon angioplasty and recently, widely adopted stent implantation. Despite good results demonstrated with stent implantation, a systematic review and meta-analysis (SRMA) looking at the efficacy and safety of the intervention, particularly in younger population is yet to be done. We aimed to obtain pooled estimates of the success and complication rates after transcatheter stent implantation in the treatment of native CoA based on SRMA...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
In-Chang Hwang, Malouny Sisavanh, Somxay Billamay, Sommanikhone Phangmanixay, Bounleua Oudavong, Jeehoon Kang, Bo Sang Kwon, Gi Beom Kim, Eun Jung Bae, Chung Il Noh, Jung Yun Choi
BACKGROUND: Management of congenital heart disease (CHD) in developing countries is challenging because of limited access to healthcare facilities and socioeconomic limitations. We aimed to describe the recent experience with CHD at Children's Hospital of Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR), the only pediatric referral hospital in the nation. METHODS: From July 2013 to November 2015, we performed 1,009 echocardiograms of 797 individuals who visited Children's Hospital and identified 213 CHD patients...
September 2, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
L Lee Dupuis, Lillian Sung, Alexander Molassiotis, Andrea D Orsey, Wim Tissing, Marianne van de Wetering
PURPOSE: To update the 2009 recommendations for the prevention of acute chemotherapy-induced emesis in children. METHODS: We updated the original systematic literature search. Randomized studies were included in the evidence to support this guideline if they were primary studies fully published in full text in English or French; included only children less than 18 years old or, for mixed studies of adults and children, reported the pediatric results separately or the median or mean age was no more than 13 years; evaluated acute chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) prophylaxis; provided sufficient information to permit determination of the emetogenicity of the antineoplastic therapy administered or the study investigators stated the emetogenicity of the chemotherapy administered; included an implicit or explicit definition of complete acute CINV response; described the antiemetic regimen in full; and reported the complete acute CINV response rate as a proportion...
August 26, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
J-P Guthmann, M Ragot, M Ben Boutieb, C Bois, M-N Dufourg, D Lévy-Bruhl
BACKGROUND: In 2007, French authorities changed mandatory BCG vaccination for all children into a strong recommendation to vaccinate only children considered at high risk of tuberculosis. Vaccination coverage (VC) data are insufficient in France. We estimated VC at approximately two months of age and identified socioeconomic factors associated with BCG vaccination. METHODS: The Elfe study (Étude Longitudinale Française depuis l'Enfance) included a random sample of about 18 000 children born in 2011 selected at birth from 320 maternity wards from mainland France...
September 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
Peter R Blake, John Corbit, Tara C Callaghan, Felix Warneken
Adult influence on children's altruistic behavior may differ between cultural communities. We used an experimental approach to assess the influence of adult models on children's altruistic giving in a city in the United States and rural villages in India. Children between 3 and 8 years of age were tested with their parents in the United States (n=163) and India (n=154). Parents modeled either a generous or stingy donation; children then performed a similar task in private. Children in both communities were influenced by the stingy model, but only children in India increased their giving after viewing a generous model...
December 2016: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
Malvina N Skorska, Ray Blanchard, Doug P VanderLaan, Kenneth J Zucker, Anthony F Bogaert
Recent findings suggest that there may be a maternal immune response underpinning the etiology of sexual orientation of gay male only-children. This maternal immune response appears to be distinct from that which is purported to explain the classic fraternal birth order effect found in studies of male sexual orientation. We tested two predictions related to the hypothesized maternal immune response in mothers of gay male only-children: (1) elevated fetal loss among mothers who have had gay male only-children and (2) lower birth weight in gay male only-children...
August 22, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Constanza Galleguillos, Bárbara Galleguillos, Guillermo Larios, Gonzalo Menchaca, Louis Bont, Jose A Castro-Rodriguez
AIM: Previous studies have suggested that Down's syndrome is an independent risk factor for severe respiratory infection due to respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). We compared the clinical characteristics of children with and without Down's syndrome hospitalised due to RSV. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study compared data from hospitalisations due to RSV lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) in children under 14 years of age with (n = 58) and without (n = 58) Down's syndrome...
November 2016: Acta Paediatrica
Denis A Cozzi, Silvia Ceccanti, Francesco Cozzi
Introduction Children with unilateral renal tumor (URT) and preoperative renal dysfunction (PRD) may benefit from nephron-sparing surgery (NSS). To test this hypothesis, we studied the outcome of baseline renal function after nephrectomy or NSS among children with URT. Materials and Methods Retrospective records review of children with URT who underwent nephrectomy (25 children) or NSS (11 children) at our institution. We analyzed the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) changes over time among patients, stratified by both preoperative renal function (with or without PRD) and surgical extent (NSS vs...
August 17, 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Tingting Yang, Cuicui Li, Chengchao Zhou, Shan Jiang, Jie Chu, Alexis Medina, Scott Rozelle
BACKGROUND: Parental migration is most an important factor affecting children's behaviors. Few studies have addressed the association between parental migration and children's smoking behavior in China. This study aims to estimate the current smoking prevalence among children, evaluate the association of parental migration and the smoking behavior of children and identify factors associated with smoking behavior among left-behind children (LBC). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 6 cities in Anhui province during July and August, 2012...
2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
Rachel Louise Knowles, Valerija Tadic, Ailbhe Hogan, Catherine Bull, Jugnoo Sangeeta Rahi, Carol Dezateux
BACKGROUND: Understanding children's views about living with congenital heart defects (CHDs) is fundamental to supporting their successful participation in daily life, school and peer relationships. As an adjunct to a health and quality of life outcomes questionnaire, we asked school-age children who survived infant heart procedures to describe their experiences of living with CHDs. METHODS: In a UK-wide cohort study, children aged 10 to 14 years with CHDs self-completed postal questionnaires that included an open question about having a 'heart problem'...
2016: PloS One
Ori Eyal, Rona Limor, Asaf Oren, Anita Schachter-Davidov, Naftali Stern, Naomi Weintrob
BACKGROUND: Normative data have been established for stimulated serum total cortisol in children but not for serum free cortisol. METHODS: Children who were referred for ACTH testing to rule out adrenal insufficiency were enrolled. Only children with normal response and normal androgen levels were included. Total cortisol was determined by a chemiluminescence method, and free cortisol was measured by the same method following equilibrium dialysis. RESULTS: The study group consisted of 85 subjects (28 male; 57 female) with a median age of 8...
2016: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
Müberra Tanriverdi, Fatma Karantay Mutluay, Devrim Tarakçi, Serhat Güler, Akin Iscan
This study investigated the possible presence of sensory-motor developmental impairments in preschool children with epilepsy and explored epilepsy impact on their activities and quality of life and on the stress load of their family. Study participants were children aged 2-6years diagnosed with epilepsy without any other comorbidities (epi-only children). The instruments used for assessment included the Neurological, Sensory, Motor, Developmental Assessment (NSMDA) scale for sensory-motor development, the Impact of Childhood Neurologic Disability Scale (ICNDS), and the Impact of Pediatric Epilepsy Scale (IPES) for disease impact on disability and Quality of Life (QoL), as well as the Pediatric Outcomes Data Collection Instrument (PODCI) for functional health status, and the Parental Stress Scale (PSS) for the family stress load...
September 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Lauren J Myers, Rachel B LeWitt, Renee E Gallo, Nicole M Maselli
There is abundant evidence for the 'video deficit': children under 2 years old learn better in person than from video. We evaluated whether these findings applied to video chat by testing whether children aged 12-25 months could form relationships with and learn from on-screen partners. We manipulated social contingency: children experienced either real-time FaceTime conversations or pre-recorded Videos as the partner taught novel words, actions and patterns. Children were attentive and responsive in both conditions, but only children in the FaceTime group responded to the partner in a temporally synced manner...
July 14, 2016: Developmental Science
Ingvild Bruun Mikalsen, Peter Davis, Knut Øymar
High flow nasal cannula (HFNC) is a relatively new non-invasive ventilation therapy that seems to be well tolerated in children. Recently a marked increase in the use of HFNC has been seen both in paediatric and adult care settings. The aim of this study was to review the current knowledge of HFNC regarding mechanisms of action, safety, clinical effects and tolerance in children beyond the newborn period.We performed a systematic search of the databases PubMed, Medline, EMBASE and Cochrane up to 12th of May 2016...
2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
S Kathleen Hughes, Doug P VanderLaan, Ray Blanchard, Hayley Wood, Lori Wasserman, Kenneth J Zucker
Several studies indicate that homosexual males have a high proportion of older brothers compared to heterosexual males. Natal males with gender dysphoria who are likely to be homosexual also display this sibship pattern. Until recently, there was little evidence linking homosexuality and/or gender dysphoria in females to unique sibship characteristics. Two studies have indicated that natal female youth clinically referred for gender dysphoria are more likely to be only children (Schagen et al., 2012 ; VanderLaan et al...
July 11, 2016: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"