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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881007/delayed-antibiotic-prescriptions-for-respiratory-infections
#1
REVIEW
Geoffrey Kp Spurling, Chris B Del Mar, Liz Dooley, Ruth Foxlee, Rebecca Farley
BACKGROUND: Concerns exist regarding antibiotic prescribing for respiratory tract infections (RTIs) owing to adverse reactions, cost, and antibacterial resistance. One proposed strategy to reduce antibiotic prescribing is to provide prescriptions, but to advise delay in antibiotic use with the expectation that symptoms will resolve first. This is an update of a Cochrane Review originally published in 2007, and updated in 2010 and 2013. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects on clinical outcomes, antibiotic use, antibiotic resistance, and patient satisfaction of advising a delayed prescription of antibiotics in respiratory tract infections...
September 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862935/what-is-the-relationship-between-dairy-intake-and-blood-pressure-in-black-and-white-children-and-adolescents-enrolled-in-a-weight-management-program
#2
Diane M DellaValle, Janet Carter, Molly Jones, Melissa Howard Henshaw
BACKGROUND: The DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) clinical trials and other studies have demonstrated a relationship between diet and cardiovascular outcomes in adults, yet little is known of this relationship in children. Childhood obesity has reached epidemic proportions in the United States, with similar increases in hypertension among this population. The purpose of our study was to examine the association between dairy intake and blood pressure (BP) in a cohort of children and adolescents (aged 4-17 years) enrolled in a weight management program...
August 14, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828761/coblation-versus-other-surgical-techniques-for-tonsillectomy
#3
REVIEW
Melissa Pynnonen, Jennifer V Brinkmeier, Marc C Thorne, Lee Yee Chong, Martin J Burton
BACKGROUND: Tonsillectomy is a very common operation and is performed using various surgical methods. Coblation is a popular method because it purportedly causes less pain than other surgical methods. However, the superiority of coblation is unproven. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of coblation tonsillectomy for chronic tonsillitis or tonsillar hypertrophy with other surgical techniques, both hot and cold, on intraoperative morbidity, postoperative morbidity and procedural cost...
August 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811938/neuropsychological-characteristics-of-children-with-mixed-autism-and-adhd
#4
Costanza Colombi, Mohammad Ghaziuddin
Clinical heterogeneity is a well-established characteristic of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). While the comorbidity of ASD and ADHD is well known in clinical practice, relatively little research has examined the neuropsychological profile of children with ASD + ADHD. Our study showed significant differences in the neuropsychological characteristics of children with ASD + ADHD compared to those with ASD only. Children with ASD + ADHD showed higher symptoms of anxiety, worse working memory, and less empathy, as measured by the "Reading the Mind in the Eyes...
2017: Autism Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770247/age-of-initial-cohort-of-dengue-patients-could-explain-the-origin-of-disease-outbreak-in-a-setting-a-case-control-study-in-rajasthan-india
#5
Annette Angel, Bennet Angel, Karuna Yadav, Neha Sharma, Vinod Joshi, Indu Thanvi, Sharad Thanvi
Dengue fever (DF) and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is a public health problem with 390 million cases reported in world annually. In Rajasthan, DF with DHF is being reported for about two decades. For undertaking interventions into disease transmission, locating origin of transmission is very important. Present paper reports retrospective analysis of the hospital reported cases of dengue during the year 2013-2014 undertaken in Barmer, Rajasthan. To address task of investigating outbreak, detailed analysis of the data on serological test results (Mac-ELISA assay of NS1, IgG and IgM) performed by local hospital, Balotra was made...
June 2017: Virusdisease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762431/the-accuracy-of-broselow-pediatric-emergency-tape-in-estimating-body-weight-of-pediatric-patients
#6
Amal H ALSulaibikh, Fahad I Al-Ojyan, Khalid N Al-Mulhim, Thabit S Alotaibi, Faisal O Alqurashi, Latifa F Almoaibed, Mohye H ALwahhas, Mohammad A ALjumaan
To determine the accuracy of the Broselow tape on estimating body weights of selected Saudi children. Methods: This is prospective study of children aged 7 days to 13 years who attended the Emergency Department of King Fahd Hospital of the University, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Saudi Arabia, from June 2015 to September 2015. Only children less than 34 kg were enrolled for the study and children with triage categories I and II were eliminated to avoid delay in providing appropriate treatment in these circumstances...
August 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743054/continuity-for-children-after-guardianship-versus-adoption-with-kin-approximating-the-right-counterfactual
#7
Nancy Rolock, Kevin R White
Over the past two decades there has been a rapid increase in the number of children and youth living in guardianship and adoptive homes who were previously in foster care. Further, previous studies compared outcomes for children in guardianship homes to those for children in adoptive homes, despite the fact that many factors likely affect the selection of foster youth into different types of permanent placements. This study examined two counterfactuals for guardianship as a permanent placement type: adoption only and adoption or long-term-fostercare (A+LTFC)...
July 22, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726595/co-circulation-and-co-infections-of-all-dengue-virus-serotypes-in-hyderabad-india-2014
#8
K Vaddadi, C Gandikota, P K Jain, V S V Prasad, M Venkataramana
The burden of dengue virus infections increased globally during recent years. Though India is considered as dengue hyper-endemic country, limited data are available on disease epidemiology. The present study includes molecular characterization of dengue virus strains occurred in Hyderabad, India, during the year 2014. A total of 120 febrile cases were recruited for this study, which includes only children and 41 were serologically confirmed for dengue positive infections using non-structural (NS1) and/or IgG/IgM ELISA tests...
September 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711175/the-prevalence-of-rome-iv-nonerosive-esophageal-phenotypes-in-children
#9
Lisa B Mahoney, Samuel Nurko, Rachel Rosen
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of Rome IV nonerosive esophageal phenotypes in children using multichannel intraluminal impedance testing and to describe the rates of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) responsiveness and the frequency of microscopic esophagitis in these patients. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective review of all children ≥5 years of age who underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy and multichannel intraluminal impedance testing off PPI therapy for evaluation of typical gastroesophageal reflux symptoms...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701495/neurodegenerative-and-psychiatric-diseases-among-families-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#10
Elisa Longinetti, Daniela Mariosa, Henrik Larsson, Weimin Ye, Caroline Ingre, Catarina Almqvist, Paul Lichtenstein, Fredrik Piehl, Fang Fang
OBJECTIVE: To estimate risks of neurodegenerative and psychiatric diseases among patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and their families. METHODS: We conducted a register-based nested case-control study during 1990-2013 in Sweden to assess whether patients with ALS had higher risks of other neurodegenerative and psychiatric diseases before diagnosis. We included 3,648 patients with ALS and 36,480 age-, sex-, and county of birth-matched population controls...
August 8, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695672/developmental-delays-in-emotion-regulation-strategies-in-preschoolers-with-autism
#11
Heather J Nuske, Darren Hedley, Alexandra Woollacott, Phoebe Thomson, Suzanne Macari, Cheryl Dissanayake
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) commonly present with difficulty regulating negative emotions, which has been found to impact their behavioral and mental health. Little research has documented the strategies that children with ASD use to regulate their emotion to understand whether they use qualitatively different strategies to children without ASD, whether these are developmentally delayed, or both. Forty-four children with ASD and 29 typically-developing children (2-4 years) were given tasks designed to mimic everyday life experiences requiring children to manage low-level stress (e...
July 11, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669361/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-on-the-incubation-period-of-campylobacteriosis
#12
REVIEW
A Awofisayo-Okuyelu, I Hall, G Adak, J I Hawker, S Abbott, N McCARTHY
Accurate knowledge of pathogen incubation period is essential to inform public health policies and implement interventions that contribute to the reduction of burden of disease. The incubation period distribution of campylobacteriosis is currently unknown with several sources reporting different times. Variation in the distribution could be expected due to host, transmission vehicle, and organism characteristics, however, the extent of this variation and influencing factors are unclear. The authors have undertaken a systematic review of published literature of outbreak studies with well-defined point source exposures and human experimental studies to estimate the distribution of incubation period and also identify and explain the variation in the distribution between studies...
August 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661964/cerebrospinal-fluid-b-lymphocyte-chemoattractant-cxcl-13-in-the-diagnosis-of-acute-lyme-neuroborreliosis-in-children
#13
Bjørn Barstad, Dag Tveitnes, Sølvi Noraas, Ingvild Selvik Ask, Maryam Saeed, Franziskus Bosse, Grete Vigemyr, Ilka Huber, Knut Øymar
BACKGROUND: Current markers of Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB) in children have insufficient sensitivity in the early stage of disease. The B-lymphocyte chemoattractant CXCL13 in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) may be useful in diagnosing LNB, but its specificity has not been evaluated in studies including children with clinically relevant differential diagnoses. The aim of this study was to elucidate the diagnostic value of CSF CXCL13 in children with symptoms suggestive of LNB. METHODS: Children with symptoms suggestive of LNB were included prospectively into predefined groups with a high or low likelihood of LNB based on CSF pleocytosis and the detection of Borrelia antibodies or other causative agents...
June 28, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657816/retrospective-evaluation-of-risk-factors-for-pediatric-secondary-transport
#14
Jennifer N Fishe, Kevin J Psoter, Bruce L Klein, Jennifer F Anders
OBJECTIVE: Emergency medical services (EMS) typically transports patients to the nearest emergency department (ED). After initial presentation, children who require specialized care must undergo secondary transport, exposing them to additional risks and delaying definitive treatment. EMS direct transport protocols exist for major trauma and certain adult medical conditions, however the same cannot be said for pediatric medical conditions or injuries that do not meet trauma center criteria ('minor trauma')...
June 28, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654563/neuroborreliosis-in-swedish-children-a-population-based-study-on-incidence-and-clinical-characteristics
#15
Liv Södermark, Vignir Sigurdsson, Wilhelmina Näs, Pernilla Wall, Birger Trollfors
BACKGROUND: Borrelia burgdorferi is a common cause of bacterial meningitis but there are very few studies on incidence in Europe. OBJECTIVE: To report the incidence and symptoms of neuroborreliosis in Swedish children. DESIGN: Medical records of children (<15 years) treated for neuroborreliosis 2002-2014 were studied retrospectively. The patients were identified in the computerized registers of discharge diagnoses at the Departments of Pediatrics and Infectious Diseases in Gothenburg, Borås, Trollhättan and Halmstad using ICD-10 diagnosis codes G51...
June 24, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623142/complication-of-newborn-circumcision-meatal-stenosis-or-meatal-web
#16
Mehmet Ali Özen, Gökhan Gündoğdu, Mehmet Taşdemir, Egemen Eroğlu
INTRODUCTION: Meatal stenosis (MS) is a known complication of newborn circumcision. Symptoms are usually masked in young kids with a diaper. Deflation of urinary stream, dysuria, urinary frequency, and incontinence are the most common reported symptoms. Diagnosis of MS is still controversial. A narrow pinpoint urethral meatus is the current accepted diagnostic criteria. OBJECTIVE: In our practice, we observed that our cases do not overlap to the classic definition and presentation of MS...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579135/urinary-tract-infection-after-voiding-cystourethrogram
#17
E K Johnson, N R Malhotra, R Shannon, D L Jacobson, J Green, C K Rigsby, J L Holl, E Y Cheng
BACKGROUND: Reported rates of post-procedural urinary tract infection (ppUTI) after voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) are highly variable (0-42%). OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the risk of ppUTI after cystogram, and evaluate predictors of ppUTI. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of children undergoing VCUG or radionuclide cystogram (henceforth 'cystogram') was conducted. Children with neurogenic bladder who underwent cystogram in the operating room and without follow-up at the study institution were excluded...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556932/a-systematic-review-of-the-association-between-consumption-of-sugar-containing-beverages-and-excess-weight-gain-among-children-under-age-12
#18
Julie Frantsve-Hawley, James D Bader, Jean A Welsh, J Timothy Wright
OBJECTIVE: A systematic review was conducted to address this clinical question: Does consumption of (non-dairy) sugar-containing beverages (SCBs) among children under age 12 result in excess weight gain? METHODS: The authors searched four databases for controlled trials (randomized and non-randomized) and cohort studies published in English through March 29, 2016: PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, CINAHL. Initial and full-text screening, data abstraction, and risk of bias assessment were performed independently and in duplicate...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497530/short-term-memory-in-childhood-dyslexia-deficient-serial-order-in-multiple-modalities
#19
Nelson Cowan, Tiffany P Hogan, Mary Alt, Samuel Green, Kathryn L Cabbage, Shara Brinkley, Shelley Gray
In children with dyslexia, deficits in working memory have not been well-specified. We assessed second-grade children with dyslexia, with and without concomitant specific language impairment, and children with typical development. Immediate serial recall of lists of phonological (non-word), lexical (digit), spatial (location) and visual (shape) items were included. For the latter three modalities, we used not only standard span but also running span tasks, in which the list length was unpredictable to limit mnemonic strategies...
August 2017: Dyslexia: the Journal of the British Dyslexia Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496154/young-children-copy-cumulative-technological-design-in-the-absence-of-action-information
#20
E Reindl, I A Apperly, S R Beck, C Tennie
The ratchet effect - the accumulation of beneficial changes in cultural products beyond a level that individuals could reach on their own - is a topic of increasing interest. It is currently debated which social learning mechanisms allow for the generation and transmission of cumulative culture. This study focused on transmission, investigating whether 4- to 6-year-old children were able to copy cumulative technological design and whether they could do so without action information (emulation). We adapted the spaghetti tower task, previously used to test for accumulation of culture in human adults...
May 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
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