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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669659/perinatal-risk-factors-for-asthma-in-children-with-allergic-rhinitis-and-grass-pollen-sensitization
#1
S Tolga Yavuz, Stephanie Siebert, Onur Akin, Mutluay Arslan, Ersoy Civelek, Soyhan Bagci
BACKGROUND: Results of epidemiologic studies have determined several risk factors for asthma in school-age children. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether parental and perinatal risk factors, along with infantile feeding patterns, were associated with asthma in children with grass pollen allergy and allergic rhinitis. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of our cohort, which consisted of children with allergic rhinitis. Only children with grass pollen sensitization were enrolled...
May 1, 2018: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665950/conducting-efficacy-trials-in-children-with-mdr-tb-what-is-the-rationale-and-how-should-they-be-done
#2
J A Seddon, E D Weld, H S Schaaf, A J Garcia-Prats, S Kim, A C Hesseling
Paediatric anti-tuberculosis treatment trials have traditionally been limited to Phase I/II studies evaluating the drug pharmacokinetics and safety in children, with assumptions about efficacy made by extrapolating data from adults. However, it is increasingly being recognised that, in some circumstances, efficacy trials are required in children. The current treatment for children with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is long and toxic; shorter, safer regimens, using novel agents, require urgent evaluation...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624794/socio-demographic-differences-in-colombian-children-s-muscular-fitness-does-scaling-for-differences-in-body-size-present-a-challenge-to-conventional-thinking
#3
Alan M Nevill, Gavin Sandercock, Michael J Duncan, Ian Lahart, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Robinson Ramirez-Velez
OBJECTIVES: In low- to middle-income countries, children from less-deprived areas (from families of higher socio-economic status [SES]) have superior muscular fitness than those from low-SES groups. They are also taller and heavier, factors associated with muscular fitness. The purpose of this study was to identify any socio-demographic differences in Colombian children's muscular fitness and examine how these conclusions can be modified by scaling for differences in body size. METHODS: A total of 38,098 youths (46% girls), ninth grade students (aged 14-15 years), participated in a study of cross-sectional design...
April 6, 2018: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603887/screening-and-management-of-mental-health-and-substance-use-disorders-in-hiv-treatment-settings-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-within-the-global-iedea-consortium
#4
Angela M Parcesepe, Catrina Mugglin, Fred Nalugoda, Charlotte Bernard, Evy Yunihastuti, Keri Althoff, Antoine Jaquet, Andreas D Haas, Stephany N Duda, C William Wester, Denis Nash
INTRODUCTION: Integration of services to screen and manage mental health and substance use disorders (MSDs) into HIV care settings has been identified as a promising strategy to improve mental health and HIV treatment outcomes among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Data on the extent to which HIV treatment sites in LMICs screen and manage MSDs are limited. The objective of this study was to assess practices for screening and treatment of MSDs at HIV clinics in LMICs participating in the International epidemiology Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA) consortium...
March 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543374/long-term-outcome-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-total-colonic-aganglionosis-in-the-netherlands
#5
D Roorda, M J Witvliet, L M Wellens, D V Schulten, C E J Sloots, I de Blaauw, P M A Broens, J Oosterlaan, L W E van Heurn, A F W van der Steeg
AIM: Total colonic aganglionosis (TCA) is a severe form of Hirschsprung's Disease (HD) associated with a high morbidity. This study assesses long-term functional outcome and Quality of Life (QoL) of TCA patients in a national consecutive cohort. METHODS: Medical records of all patients (n=53) diagnosed between 1995 and 2015 were reviewed on surgical and demographic characteristics. Functional outcome of all non-syndromal patients, aged ≥ four years (n=35) was assessed in medical records and with a questionnaire...
March 15, 2018: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522208/insights-about-head-lice-transmission-from-field-data-and-mathematical-modeling
#6
Ariel Ceferino Toloza, Fabiana Laguna María, Isabel Ortega-Insaurralde, Claudia Vassena, Sebastián Risau-Gusman
Head lice infest millions of school-age children every year, both in developed and developing countries. However, little is known about the number of lice transferred among children during school activities, because direct methods to study this are almost impossible to implement. This issue has been addressed following an indirect method, which consist in collecting data of real infestation from several children groups and using a mathematical model of lice colonies to infer how the infestation observed might have evolved...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514773/effect-of-mobile-phone-text-message-reminders-on-routine-immunization-uptake-in-pakistan-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Abdul Momin Kazi, Murtaza Ali, Khurram Zubair, Hussain Kalimuddin, Abdul Nafey Kazi, Saleem Perwaiz Iqbal, Jean-Paul Collet, Syed Asad Ali
BACKGROUND: Improved routine immunization (RI) coverage is recommended as the priority public health strategy to decrease vaccine-preventable diseases and eradicate polio in Pakistan and worldwide. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to ascertain whether customized, automated, one-way text messaging (short message service, SMS) reminders delivered to caregivers via mobile phones when a child is due for an RI visit can improve vaccination uptake and timelines in Pakistan...
March 7, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496602/children-s-self-regulation-of-eating-provides-no-defense-against-television-and-online-food-marketing
#8
Jennifer Norman, Bridget Kelly, Anne-T McMahon, Emma Boyland, Louise A Baur, Kathy Chapman, Lesley King, Clare Hughes, Adrian Bauman
Exposure to unhealthy food marketing stimulates children's food consumption. A child's responsiveness is influenced by individual factors, resulting in an increased vulnerability to advertising effects among some children. Whether these differential responses may be altered by different parental feeding behaviours is unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between parental feeding practices and children's food intake responses to food advertising exposure. A randomised, crossover, counterbalanced, within subject trial was conducted across four, six-day holiday camps in New South Wales, Australia between April 2016 and January 2017 with 160 children (7-12 years, n = 40/camp)...
February 26, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488824/reading-and-writing-skills-in-children-with-specific-learning-disabilities-with-and-without-developmental-coordination-disorder
#9
Carlo Di Brina, Roberto Averna, Paola Rampoldi, Serena Rossetti, Roberta Penge
This pilot study is to investigate the influence of a developmental coordination disorder (DCD) comorbidity in a group of children with learning disability (LD). Reading and writing were assessed to investigate if the coexistence of a motor impairment can worsen writing quality, speed, and reading accuracy. A sample of 33 LD children (aged 7-11 years) was divided in two subgroups, on the base of their scores on the Movement Assessment Battery for Children: LD-only (n = 14) and LD with a comorbidity for DCD (LD-DCD, n = 19)...
February 28, 2018: Motor Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447810/no-evidence-of-cholesteatoma-in-untreated-otitis-media-with-effusion-in-children-with-primary-ciliary-dyskinesia
#10
Reshma Ghedia, Jahangir Ahmed, Annakan Navaratnam, Jonny Harcourt
INTRODUCTION: Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia (PCD) describes a group of inherited disorders that result in abnormal ciliary motion leading to mucous stasis. Clinical features include almost universally otitis media with effusion (OME), particularly in infants. PCD patients provide us with a cohort of patients with OME that is not treated with ventilatory tube (VT) insertion as these have been shown to result in frequent complications including chronic otorrhoea, early extrusion and persistent perforation without significant improvement to hearing in the long term...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429133/having-older-siblings-is-associated-with-lower-rates-of-depression-add-adhd-anxiety-and-behavior-problems-among-children-with-asd
#11
Guillermo Montes
Objective Within the social determinants of mental health framework, this article investigated whether children with ASD who have older siblings are less likely to experience depression, anxiety, behavior problems or have ADD/ADHD after controlling for standard social determinants of mental health such as household income, parental education and adverse childhood experiences (ACEs). Methods Using the National Survey of Children's Health 2011-2012, children with ASD spectrum disorders (n = 1624) were categorized into three groups: only child, oldest child and has older siblings...
February 10, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427834/safety-of-antiepileptic-drugs-in-children-and-young-people-a-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Oluwaseun Egunsola, Imti Choonara, Helen M Sammons, William P Whitehouse
PURPOSE: This study aims to describe the incidence of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in children receiving antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and compare ADRs to the individual drugs when given as monotherapy. METHOD: Paediatric patients (≤18 years old) were enrolled for this prospective observational study over a 6-month period, between September 2015 and March 2016. Adverse reactions to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) were elicited at the time of enrolment and after 3 months using the Paediatric Epilepsy Side Effects Questionnaire...
February 2, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417359/crossing-the-age-divide-cross-age-collaboration-between-programs-serving-transition-age-youth
#13
Maryann Davis, Nancy Koroloff, Kathryn Sabella, Marianne Sarkis
Programs that serve transition-age youth with serious mental health conditions typically reside in either the child or the adult system. Good service provision calls for interactions among these programs. The objective of this research was to discover programmatic characteristics that facilitate or impede collaboration with programs serving dissimilar age groups, among programs that serve transition-age youth. To examine this "cross-age collaboration," this research used social network analysis methods to generate homophily and heterophily scores in three communities that had received federal grants to improve services for this population...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415788/children-with-adhd-symptoms-show-deficits-in-reactive-but-not-proactive-inhibition-irrespective-of-their-formal-diagnosis
#14
Branko M van Hulst, Patrick de Zeeuw, Chantal Vlaskamp, Yvonne Rijks, Bram B Zandbelt, Sarah Durston
BACKGROUND: Attenuated inhibitory control is one of the most robust findings in the neuropsychology of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, it is unclear whether this represents a deficit in outright stopping (reactive inhibition), whether it relates to a deficit in anticipatory response slowing (proactive inhibition), or both. In addition, children with other development disorders, such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD), often have symptoms of inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity similar to children with ADHD...
February 8, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386759/tubeless-pediatric-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-assessment-of-feasibility-and-safety
#15
Ramaiah Keshavamurthy, Sumit Kumar, Vilvapathy Senguttuvan Karthikeyan, Ashwin Mallya, Girish Gurubasappa Nelivigi
Introduction: Tubeless pediatric percutaneous nephrolithotomy (TL-PCNL) is evolving and adult criteria are being safely applied to children. We examine the feasibility, safety, and outcomes of pediatric TL. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of pediatric (≤18 years) PCNL patients at our institute was done. Patients eligible for TL but underwent tube (T) PCNL due to surgeon choice or protocol were compared with TL. Only children with 100% stone clearance were included, and those receiving nephrostomy for intraoperative complications were excluded from the study...
January 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367097/children-s-trauma-related-symptoms-following-complex-trauma-exposure-evidence-of-gender-differences
#16
Rachel Wamser-Nanney, Kathryn E Cherry
Complex trauma exposure has been operationalized as multiple or chronic interpersonal traumas that begin early in life and is thought to result in widespread self-regulation difficulties across several domains of functioning. Prior research has demonstrated that there are gender differences in trauma exposure as well as trauma-related symptoms; however, gender discrepancies have not previously been examined in the context of child survivors of complex trauma. The aim of the present study was to determine whether there are gender differences in both caregiver and child-reported trauma exposure and symptoms among 167 children who have experienced complex trauma (3-18 years, M = 9...
March 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341214/cue-reactivity-habituation-and-eating-in-the-absence-of-hunger-in-children-with-loss-of-control-eating-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#17
Anja Hilbert, Susanne Kurz, Daniela Dremmel, Susann Weihrauch Blüher, Simone Munsch, Ricarda Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: Childhood loss of control (LOC) eating and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are highly comorbid conditions and present with disordered eating behaviors, such as overeating. This study sought to delineate shared and specific abnormalities in physiological, cognitive-motivational, and behavioral components of food-specific impulsivity in children with LOC eating and ADHD. Specifically, children's reactivity and habituation to food and eating in the absence of hunger were examined...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341053/-the-use-of-anticonvulsants-and-the-levels-of-folate-vitamin-b12-and-homocysteine
#18
D Dinç, P F J Schulte
BACKGROUND Patients with epilepsy who use anticonvulsants frequently show low levels of folate and vitamin B12 and high levels of homocysteine. Patients with bipolar disorder use some anticonvulsants as mood stabilisers.<br/> AIM: To determine whether some anticonvulsants lower folate and vitamin B12 and raise homocysteine levels.<br/> METHOD: Systematic literature search to determine the relation between the anticonvulsants valproic acid, carbamazepine, lamotrigine and topiramate on the one hand and blood levels of folate, vitamin B12 and homocysteine on the other hand...
2018: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335050/are-hypomineralized-primary-molars-and-canines-associated-with-molar-incisor-hypomineralization
#19
Maria Jose da Silva Figueiredo Sé, Ana Paula Dias Ribeiro, Lourdes Aparecida Martins Dos Santos-Pinto, Rita de Cassia Loiola Cordeiro, Renata Nunes Cabral, Soraya Coelho Leal
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of and relationship between hypomineralized second primary molars (HSPM) and hypomineralized primary canines (HPC) with molar-incisor hypomineralization (MIH) in 1,963 schoolchildren. METHODS: The European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry (EAPD) criterion was used for scoring HSPM/HPC and MIH. Only children with four permanent first molars and eight incisors were considered in calculating MIH prevalence (n equals 858); for HSPM/HPC prevalence, only children with four primary second molars (n equals 1,590) and four primary canines (<small>n</small> equals 1,442) were considered...
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325595/mortality-impact-of-an-increased-blood-glucose-cut-off-level-for-hypoglycaemia-treatment-in-severely-sick-children-in-malawi-sugarfact-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Tim Baker, Queen Dube, Josephine Langton, Helena Hildenwall
BACKGROUND: Mortality in children remains high in sub-Saharan African hospitals. While antimalarial drugs, antibiotics and other definitive treatments are well understood, the role of emergency care with supportive therapies, such as maintaining normal glucose and electrolyte balances, has been given limited attention. Hypoglycaemia is common in children admitted to hospital in low-income settings. The current definition of hypoglycaemia is a blood glucose level < 2.5 mmol/L in a well-nourished child...
January 11, 2018: Trials
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