keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Only children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933681/evaluating-a-primary-care-psychology-service-in-ireland-a-survey-of-stakeholders-and-psychologists
#1
Mark Corcoran, Michael Byrne
Primary care psychology services (PCPS) represent an important resource in meeting the various health needs of our communities. This study evaluated the PCPS in a two-county area within the Republic of Ireland. The objectives were to (i) examine the viewpoints of the service for both psychologists and stakeholders (healthcare professionals only) and (ii) examine the enactment of the stepped care model of service provision. Separate surveys were sent to primary care psychologists (n = 8), general practitioners (GPs; n = 69) and other stakeholders in the two counties...
December 8, 2016: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933278/a-simple-method-for-closure-of-urethrocutaneous-fistula-after-tubularized-incised-plate-repair-preliminary-results
#2
Mehdi Shirazi, Ali Ariafar, Amir Hossein Babaei, Abdosamad Ashrafzadeh, Ali Adib
BACKGROUND: Urethrocutaneous fistula (UCF) is the most prevalent complication after hypospadias repair surgery. Many methods have been developed for UCF correction, and the best technique for UCF repair is determined based on the size, location, and number of fistulas, as well as the status of the surrounding skin. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we introduced and evaluated a simple method for UCF correction after tubularized incised plate (TIP) repair. METHODS: This clinical study was conducted on children with UCFs ≤ 4 mm that developed after TIP surgery for hypospadias repair...
November 2016: Nephro-urology Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933188/quality-of-care-in-rural-youth-with-type-1-diabetes-a-cross-sectional-pilot-assessment
#3
Kyle S Stumetz, Joyce P Yi-Frazier, Connor Mitrovich, Kathaleen Briggs Early
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) presents a significant health burden for patients and families. The quality of care (QOC) among those living in rural communities is thought to be subpar compared with those in urban communities; however, little data exist to reflect this, especially in pediatric diabetes. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate diabetes QOC among families living in rural versus urban areas. 6 QOC markers were used to compare youth with T1DM: appointment adherence, patient-provider communication, diabetes education during clinic visit, congruency with diabetes standards of care, diabetes self-management behaviors, and diabetes-related hospitalizations...
2016: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931582/liver-transplantation-for-hepatitis-b-in-early-adulthood-analysis-of-the-united-network-for-organ-sharing-database
#4
G Rifai, A Anani, I A Hanouneh, B Mohamad, A Matloob, R Lopez, N N Zein, N Alkhouri
BACKGROUND: Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection has a mild course in most children that may delay initiation of treatment even when indicated. Unfortunately, a small number of cases can progress rapidly to cirrhosis, which may require liver transplantation (LT) in early adulthood. The aim of this study was to assess the characteristics of HBV-positive young adults who received LT and to evaluate post-transplant outcomes including patient and graft survival and differences between pre- and post-implementation of Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) prioritization...
December 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931533/care-transition-interventions-for-children-with-asthma-in-the-emergency-department
#5
REVIEW
Molly A Martin, Valerie G Press, Sharmilee M Nyenhuis, Jerry A Krishnan, Kim Erwin, Giselle Mosnaim, Helen Margellos-Anast, S Margaret Paik, Stacy Ignoffo, Michael McDermott
The emergency department (ED) is a critical point of identification and treatment for some of the most high-risk children with asthma. This review summarizes the evidence regarding care transition interventions originating in the ED for children with uncontrolled asthma, with a focus on care coordination and self-management education. Although many interventions on care transition for pediatric asthma have been tested, only a few were actually conducted in the ED setting. Most of these targeted both care coordination and self-management education but ultimately did not improve attendance at follow-up appointments with primary care providers, improve asthma control, or reduce health care utilization...
December 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931347/perception-intention-and-attempts-to-quit-smoking-among-jordanian-adolescents-from-the-irbid-longitudinal-study
#6
R Jaber, Z B Taleb, R Bahelah, P Madhivanan, W Maziak
OBJECTIVE: To describe important tobacco cessation indicators among adolescent smokers from Irbid, Jordan. METHODS: Participants for this study were selected from the Irbid Longitudinal Study of Smoking Behaviour (20082011). A total of 1781 students were enrolled at baseline from 19 of 60 randomly selected schools (participation rate 95%). Only students who reported current smoking at baseline were included in the study (n = 605). RESULTS: Among the study participants, 74...
December 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931302/new-insights-into-treatment-of-children-with-exercise-induced-asthma-symptoms
#7
Iwona Stelmach, Anna Sztafiska, Joanna Jerzyska, Daniela Podlecka, Pawe Majak, Wodzimierz Stelmach
BACKGROUND: Exercise is one of the most common triggers of bronchoconstriction and affects up to 80% of children with asthma. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was to assess the effectiveness of treatment with ciclesonide 160 microgram, either alone, with a higher dose, with a leukotriene receptor antagonist (LTRA), or with a long-acting beta-agonist (LABA) in children with asthma with postexercise-induced symptoms...
November 2016: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931280/safety-profile-of-oral-immunotherapy-with-cows-milk-and-hen-egg-a-10-year-experience-in-controlled-trials
#8
Giovanni B Pajno, Lucia Caminiti, Fernanda Chiera, Giuseppe Crisafulli, Giuseppina Salzano, Stefania Arasi, Giovanni Passalacqua
BACKGROUND: Oral immunotherapy (OIT) for food allergy is gaining interest due to the favorable clinical results reported with cow's milk, hen egg and peanut. The safety of the procedure remains a critical aspect that can limit the introduction of OIT in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: We described herein, in detail, the occurrence and characteristics of adverse events (AE) with OIT in children who participated in controlled trials at our unit. METHODS: The clinical records of 68 children who received active treatment (40 for cow's milk and 28 for hen egg) were carefully reviewed...
September 2016: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931275/serum-tryptase-level-and-inflammatory-markers-in-exhaled-breath-condensate-of-children-with-exercise-induced-symptoms
#9
Iwona Stelmach, Magdalena Zaczeniuk, Anna Sztafiska, Pawe Majak, Joanna Jerzyska, Anna Kuklinska-Pijanka, Wlodzimierz Stelmach
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the biomarkers concentration in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) in schoolchildren with postexercise symptoms. We also evaluated changes in fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) value and the serum tryptase level after exercise. METHODS: One hundred children with postexercise symptoms were included. Methacholine challenge testing (MCT) was performed at visit 2, and exercise challenge testing (ECT) was performed at visit 3...
September 2016: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931234/patterns-and-determinants-of-malaria-risk-in-urban-and-peri-urban-areas-of-blantyre-malawi
#10
Don P Mathanga, Atupele Kapito Tembo, Themba Mzilahowa, Andy Bauleni, Kondwani Mtimaukenena, Terrie E Taylor, Clarissa Valim, Edward D Walker, Mark L Wilson
BACKGROUND: Although malaria disease in urban and peri-urban areas of sub-Saharan Africa is a growing concern, the epidemiologic patterns and drivers of transmission in these settings remain poorly understood. Factors associated with variation in malaria risk in urban and peri-urban areas were evaluated in this study. METHODS: A health facility-based, age and location-matched, case-control study of children 6-59 months of age was conducted in four urban and two peri-urban health facilities (HF) of Blantyre city, Malawi...
December 8, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931146/d-cycloserine-restores-experience-dependent-neuroplasticity-after-tbi-in-the-developing-rat-brain
#11
Naomi Sulit Sta Maria, Maxine Lane Reger, Yan Cai, Mary Anne Tezheart Mercado Baquing, Floyd Buen, Aditya Ponnaluri, David Hovda, Neil G Harris, Christopher C Giza
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children can cause persisting cognitive and behavioral dysfunction and inevitably raises concerns about lost potential in these injured youths. Lateral fluid percussion injury (FPI) in weanling rats pathologically affects hippocampal NMDAR- and AMPAR-mediated glutamatergic neurotransmission subacutely, within the first post-injury week. FPI to weanling rats has also been shown to impair enriched-environment (EE) induced enhancement of Morris water maze (MWM) learning and memory in adulthood...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931130/exposures-to-traditional-automatic-dishwashing-tablets-and-a-comparison-with-exposures-to-soluble-film-tablets-reported-to-the-united-kingdom-national-poisons-information-service-2008-2015
#12
Rachael Day, Michael Eddleston, Simon H L Thomas, John P Thompson, J Allister Vale
INTRODUCTION: Traditional automatic dishwashing tablets are contained within an external wrapper that requires removal prior to use. OBJECTIVE: To determine the toxicity of traditional tablets and to compare this with our previously reported experience of soluble film dishwashing tablets. METHODS: Telephone enquiries regarding traditional tablets were analysed retrospectively for the period January 2008 to December 2015. RESULTS: Traditional tablets: There were 503 enquiries relating to 492 patients who had been exposed to a traditional tablet...
December 8, 2016: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931092/the-influence-of-race-and-common-genetic-variations-on-outcomes-after-pediatric-heart-transplantation
#13
D J Green, M M Brooks, G J Burckart, R E Chinnock, C Canter, L J Addonizio, D Bernstein, J K Kirklin, D C Naftel, D M Girnita, A Zeevi, S A Webber
Significant racial disparity remains in the incidence of unfavorable outcomes following heart transplantation. We sought to determine which pediatric post-transplantation outcomes differ by race and whether these can be explained by recipient demographic, clinical, and genetic attributes. Data were collected for 80 black and 450 non-black pediatric recipients transplanted at 1 of 6 centers between 1993 and 2008. Genotyping was performed for 20 candidate genes. Average follow-up was 6.25 years. Unadjusted five-year rates for death (p=0...
December 8, 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931077/antibiotics-for-the-neurological-complications-of-lyme-disease
#14
REVIEW
Diego Cadavid, Paul G Auwaerter, Jeffrey Rumbaugh, Harald Gelderblom
BACKGROUND: Various central nervous system-penetrant antibiotics are bactericidal in vitro and in vivo against the causative agent of Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB), Borrelia burgdorferi. These antibiotics are routinely used clinically to treat LNB, but their relative efficacy is not clear. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of antibiotics for the treatment of LNB. SEARCH METHODS: On 25 October 2016 we searched the Cochrane Neuromuscular Specialised Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, and Embase...
December 9, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930967/epidemiology-and-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-management-of-febrile-seizures-in-the-italian-pediatric-emergency-departments-a-prospective-observational-study
#15
Giovanna Vitaliti, Emanuele Castagno, Fulvio Ricceri, Antonio Urbino, Alberto Verrotti Di Pianella, Riccardo Lubrano, Elisa Caramaschi, Maurizio Prota, Rita Maria Pulvirenti, Patrizia Ajovalasit, Giuseppe Signorile, Carla Navone, Maria Rosaria La Bianca, Alberto Villani, Giovanni Corsello, Raffaele Falsaperla
AIM: Febrile seizures (FS) involve 2-5% of the paediatric population, among which Complex FS (CFS) account for one third of accesses for FS in Emergency Departments (EDs). The aim of our study was to define the epidemiology, the clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic approach to FS and CFSs in the Italian EDs. METHODS: A multicenter prospective observational study was performed between April 2014 and March 2015. Patients between 1 and 60 months of age, randomly accessing to ED for ongoing FS or reported FS at home were included...
November 16, 2016: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930928/human-enterovirus-d68-in-clinical-and-sewage-samples-in-israel
#16
Merav Weil, Michal Mandelboim, Ella Mendelson, Yossi Manor, Lester Shulman, Daniela Ram, Galia Barkai, Yonat Shemer, Dana Wolf, Zipi Kra-Oz, Leah Weiss, Rakefet Pando, Musa Hindiyeh, Danit Sofer
BACKGROUND: Since mid-August 2014, North America experienced a wide outbreak of Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) associated with severe respiratory illness in children. Several other countries also reported cases of EV-D68 in 2014. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine whether EV-D68 circulated in Israel in 2014, caused severe respiratory illness in children and was the causative agent of Acute Flaccid Paralysis. STUDY DESIGN: Archived clinical respiratory samples from a cohort of 710 hospitalized pediatric patient's (<10years old) with respiratory illness were screened for clade B specific EV-D68 by real-time PCR...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930764/decision-making-quality-in-parents-considering-adenotonsillectomy-or-tympanostomy-tube-insertion-for-their-children
#17
Paul Hong, Erin Maguire, Mary Purcell, Krista C Ritchie, Jill Chorney
Importance: Shared decision making is a process in which clinicians and patients make health care decisions in a collaborative manner using the most up-to-date evidence, while considering patient values and preferences. Shared decision making is thought to have a positive influence on the decision-making process in medicine. Objective: To describe the level of decisional conflict and decisional regret experienced by parents considering surgery for their children and to determine relations among decisional conflict, decisional regret, and shared decision making...
December 8, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930714/social-context-modulates-facial-imitation-of-children-s-emotional-expressions
#18
Peter A Bos, Nadine Jap-Tjong, Hannah Spencer, Dennis Hofman
Children use emotional facial expressions of others for guiding their behavior, a process which is important to a child's social-emotional development. Earlier studies on facial interaction demonstrate that imitation of emotional expressions of others is automatic, yet can be dynamically modulated depending on contextual information. Considering the value of emotional expressions for children especially, we tested whether and to what extent information about children's temperament and domestic situation alters mimicry of their emotional expressions...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930588/three-cases-of-mumps-virus-and-enterovirus-coinfection-in-children-with-enteroviral-meningitis
#19
Mojtaba Rasti, Manoochehr Makvandi, Niloofar Neisi, Azarakhsh Azaran, Nasrin Rastegarvand, Davod Khalafkhany, Emad Jahangirnezhad, Ali Teimoori, Maryam Hadian, Abdolnabi Shabani, Ahmad Shamsizadeh, Roya Nikfar, Mehran Varnaseri
Several viruses are responsible for aseptic meningitis; however, in the region of Southwest Iran, the role played by each virus is still not very well known. The aim of this study is to determine the relative frequencies of mumps virus, herpes viruses, and enteroviruses, as well as coinfections among them, in patients with aseptic meningitis.In this cross-sectional study, samples of cerebrospinal fluid were collected between December 2012 and December 2013 from patients under 14 years, who were hospitalized in Abuzar Children's Hospital in Ahvaz, Southwest Iran (the only children's hospital in Khuzestan province and Southwest Iran)...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930337/genetic-immunological-and-clinical-features-of-patients-with-bacterial-and-fungal-infections-due-to-inherited-il-17ra-deficiency
#20
Romain Lévy, Satoshi Okada, Vivien Béziat, Kunihiko Moriya, Caini Liu, Louis Yi Ann Chai, Mélanie Migaud, Fabian Hauck, Amein Al Ali, Cyril Cyrus, Chittibabu Vatte, Turkan Patiroglu, Ekrem Unal, Marie Ferneiny, Nobuyuki Hyakuna, Serdar Nepesov, Matias Oleastro, Aydan Ikinciogullari, Figen Dogu, Takaki Asano, Osamu Ohara, Ling Yun, Erika Della Mina, Didier Bronnimann, Yuval Itan, Florian Gothe, Jacinta Bustamante, Stéphanie Boisson-Dupuis, Natalia Tahuil, Caner Aytekin, Aicha Salhi, Saleh Al Muhsen, Masao Kobayashi, Julie Toubiana, Laurent Abel, Xiaoxia Li, Yildiz Camcioglu, Fatih Celmeli, Christoph Klein, Suzan A AlKhater, Jean-Laurent Casanova, Anne Puel
Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CMC) is defined as recurrent or persistent infection of the skin, nails, and/or mucosae with commensal Candida species. The first genetic etiology of isolated CMC-autosomal recessive (AR) IL-17 receptor A (IL-17RA) deficiency-was reported in 2011, in a single patient. We report here 21 patients with complete AR IL-17RA deficiency, including this first patient. Each patient is homozygous for 1 of 12 different IL-17RA alleles, 8 of which create a premature stop codon upstream from the transmembrane domain and have been predicted and/or shown to prevent expression of the receptor on the surface of circulating leukocytes and dermal fibroblasts...
December 7, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
keyword
keyword
112127
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"