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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150840/longitudinal-pathways-between-mental-health-difficulties-and-academic-performance-during-middle-childhood-and-early-adolescence
#1
Jessica Deighton, Neil Humphrey, Jay Belsky, Jan Boehnke, Panos Vostanis, Praveetha Patalay
There is a growing appreciation that child functioning in different domains, levels, or systems are interrelated over time. Here, we investigate links between internalizing symptoms, externalizing problems, and academic attainment during middle childhood and early adolescence, drawing on two large data sets (child: mean age 8.7 at enrolment, n = 5,878; adolescent: mean age 11.7, n = 6,388). Using a 2-year cross-lag design, we test three hypotheses - adjustment erosion, academic incompetence, and shared risk - while also examining the moderating influence of gender...
November 18, 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150747/for-whom-do-parenting-interventions-to-prevent-adolescent-substance-use-work
#2
REVIEW
Diego Garcia-Huidobro, Jennifer L Doty, Laurel Davis, Iris W Borowsky, Michele L Allen
Adolescent substance use continues to be a significant public health problem. Parent training interventions are effective preventive strategies to reduce youth substance use. However, little is known about differences in effectiveness for youth across demographic characteristics. This review assessed the effectiveness of parent training programs at reducing adolescent substance use by participant gender, age, and race/ethnicity. Pubmed/MEDLINE, ERIC, CINAHL, and PsycINFO were searched from database origin to October 31, 2016...
November 18, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150472/are-food-and-drink-retailers-within-nhs-venues-adhering-to-nice-quality-standard-94-guidance-on-childhood-obesity-a-cross-sectional-study-of-two-large-secondary-care-nhs-hospitals-in-england
#3
Alice James, Laura Birch, Peter Fletcher, Sally Pearson, Catherine Boyce, Andy R Ness, Julian P Hamilton-Shield, Fiona E Lithander
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the food and drink retail outlets in two major National Health Service (NHS) district general hospitals in England adhere to quality statements 1-3 of the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) quality standard 94. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive study to assess the food and drink options available in vending machines, restaurants, cafes and shops in two secondary care hospitals. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Adherence to quality statement 1 whereby the food and drink items available in the vending machines were classified as either healthy or less healthy using the Nutrient Profiling Model (NPM)...
November 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150423/including-children-and-young-people-in-assessments-a-practical-guide
#4
Lydia M C Green, Amanda J Friend, Rebecca J M Bardgett, Jonathan C Darling
The ability to interact with children and young people (CYP), appropriately examine and competently interpret signs is an essential skill for many medical practitioners and allied healthcare professionals; yet, how do we ensure competence in our students and trainees? One method is to include CYP in both formative and summative assessments; this provides an invaluable opportunity for examiners not only to evaluate the clinical interaction but also to gain an understanding of the CYP experience and what characteristics they value in a 'good children's doctor'...
November 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150413/-the-situation-as-regards-diabetes-mellitus-type-1-in-andalusia-care-data-use-of-advanced-therapies-and-human-resources
#5
Juan Pedro López Siguero, Olga Pérez González, Ana Lucía Gómez Gila, Isabel Leiva Gea
INTRODUCTION: The representation of Spain in European epidemiological studies on diabetes is limited, with only one centre in the Hvidoere study and another in the SWEET study. No Spanish studies have been published that combine epidemiological data and care resources. The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiological data, care resources, and use of new technologies in all Andalusian hospitals that care for children with Diabetes Mellitus type 1 (DM1) under 14 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An electronic questionnaire of 18 questions was sent to all paediatric endocrinologists who treated children with diabetes in Andalusian hospitals...
November 14, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150387/the-effect-of-social-fathers-on-the-cognitive-skills-of-out-of-wedlock-children-in-the-u-s
#6
Kwok Ho Chan, Ka Wai Terence Fung
There are two competing views regarding the presence of social fathers on childrens' cognitive ability: (1) either the social father provides more financial resources which benefit the children or (2) the mother with new partners may shift the focus away from the children. Previous research focused on older children or adolescents and ignored the self-selection problem. We use data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (FFCWS), and a sample of younger children. Using propensity score matching method (nonparametric methods), we find that children with social fathers scored around three points less in a cognitive ability test than children living only with biological mothers (assuming that self-selection is based on observables)...
October 18, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150385/igf-1r-mrna-expression-is-increased-in-obese-children
#7
Rafaela Cristina Ricco, Rubens Garcia Ricco, Mariangela Carletti Queluz, Mariana Teresa Sarti de Paula, Patricia Volpon Atique, Rodrigo José Custódio, Hugo Tourinho Filho, Raphael Del Roio Liberatori, Carlos Eduardo Martinelli
OBJECTIVES: Obese children are often taller than age-matched subjects. Reports on GH and IGF-I levels in obese individuals are controversial, with normal and reduced GH-IGF-I levels having been reported in this group of patients. Thus, the aim of this study was to analyse insulin-like growth factor type 1 receptor (IGF-IR) mRNA expression in obese children. METHODS: Forty-seven pre-pubertal children were included in this study: 29 were obese and taller than their target height, and 18 were normal eutrophic controls...
November 11, 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150368/the-utility-of-ercp-in-pediatric-pancreatic-trauma
#8
Eric H Rosenfeld, Adam M Vogel, Denise B Klinkner, Mauricio Escobar, Barbara Gaines, Robert Russell, Brendan Campbell, Hale Wills, Anthony Stallion, David Juang, Rajan K Thakkar, Jeffrey Upperman, Mubeen Jafri, Randall Burd, Bindi J Naik-Mathuria
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is an adjunct for pediatric pancreatic injury management, but its use and utility in pediatric patients are unclear. We set out to evaluate the use of ERCP and its effects on outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed for children who had pancreatic injuries at 22 pediatric trauma centers between 2010 and 2015. ERCP details and outcomes were collected. Analysis was performed using descriptive statistics and Wilcoxon rank-sum tests...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149903/improving-access-to-school-health-services-as-perceived-by-school-professionals
#9
Janine Bezem, Debbie Heinen, Ria Reis, Simone E Buitendijk, Mattijs E Numans, Paul L Kocken
BACKGROUND: The organisation of health assessments by preventive health services focusing on children's health and educational performance needs to be improved due to evolving health priorities such as mental health problems, reduced budgets and shortages of physicians and nurses. We studied the impact on the school professionals' perception of access to school health services (SHS) when a triage approach was used for population-based health assessments in primary schools. The triage approach involves pre-assessments by SHS assistants, with only those children in need of follow-up being assessed by a physician or nurse...
November 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149892/monitoring-of-long-lasting-insecticidal-nets-llins-coverage-versus-utilization-a-community-based-survey-in-malaria-endemic-villages-of-central-india
#10
Kamaraju Raghavendra, Mehul Kumar Chourasia, Dipak Kumar Swain, Rajendra M Bhatt, Sreehari Uragayala, G D P Dutta, Immo Kleinschmidt
BACKGROUND: Despite the known effectiveness of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) in providing protection against malaria, high level of ownership and use are very difficult to achieve and maintain. Nearly 40,000 LLINs were distributed in 2014 as an intervention tool against malaria transmission in 80 villages of Keshkal sub-district in Chhattisgarh, India. This study assessed LLIN coverage, access, utilization pattern, and key determinants for the net use 1 year after mass distribution...
November 17, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149805/observational-cohort-study-safety-outcomes-in-children-using-proton-pump-inhibitors-or-histamine-2-receptor-antagonists
#11
Eline Houben, Saga Johansson, Péter Nagy, Fernie J A Penning-van Beest, Ernst J Kuipers, Ron M C Herings
OBJECTIVE: Acid suppression with histamine-2 receptor antagonists (H2RAs) or proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) is recommended for children with persistent gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms. In this retrospective, observational postauthorization study, we aimed to assess and compare safety outcomes in pediatric first-time users of esomeprazole, other PPIs, or H2RAs. METHODS: Data on children (aged 0-18 years) first dispensed esomeprazole, other PPIs, or H2RAs between September 2008 and August 2011 were obtained from the Dutch PHARMO Database Network...
November 17, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149666/relationship-between-radiographic-patella-alta-pathology-and-walking-dysfunction-in-children-with-bilateral-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#12
Matthias Hösl, Harald Böhm, Michaela Seltmann, Chakravarthy Ugandhar Dussa, Leonhard Döderlein
BACKGROUND: Patella-alta is very common in patients with Cerebral Palsy (CP). While several diagnostic x-ray indices have been developed for patella-alta in general, the specific relationship with walking dysfunction in CP is only partly understood. METHODS: 33 participants with bilateral spastic CP between 4 and 20 years (GMFCS I-II without previous surgery) that underwent 3D gait analysis as well as a radiographic exam within 0.8 (SD 1.2) months were retrospectively included...
November 10, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149636/examining-characteristics-associated-with-quitting-smoking-during-pregnancy-and-relapse-postpartum
#13
Farnaaz Kia, Nicole Tosun, Samantha Carlson, Sharon Allen
INTRODUCTION: Smoking during pregnancy is a significant public health concern that can cause adverse health outcomes for both the mother and fetus. Studies have shown only 40% of women quit smoking during pregnancy, with more than half relapsing within 6months, and up to 90% relapsing within one year. This study investigates differences in demographics and smoking-related symptomatology between pregnant smokers and pregnant quitters, as well as factors associated with postpartum relapse...
November 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149498/association-between-a-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-in-the-grem1-gene-and-nonsyndromic-orofacial-cleft-in-the-chinese-population
#14
Xiaotong Wang, Hongquan Song, Xiaohui Jiao, Yanru Hao, Wei Zhang, Yuwei Gao, Yong Li, Na Mi, Jiaqun Yan
BACKGROUND: Nonsyndromic orofacial cleft (NSOC) is a common craniofacial deformity among newborns. The GREM1 gene is correlated with orofacial development. The aim of our study was to investigate the association between a single-nucleotide polymorphism in the GREM1 gene and this malformation in the Chinese population. METHODS: The SNaPshot mini sequencing technique was used to genotype the locus rs1258763 of the GREM1 gene in 331 patients with NSOC and 271 individuals in a control group...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149474/interventions-for-old-world-cutaneous-leishmaniasis
#15
REVIEW
Julio Heras-Mosteiro, Begoña Monge-Maillo, Mariona Pinart, Patricia Lopez Pereira, Emely Garcia-Carrasco, Pedro Campuzano Cuadrado, Ana Royuela, Irene Mendez Roman, Rogelio López-Vélez
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous leishmaniasis, caused by a parasitic infection, is considered one of the most serious skin diseases in many low- and middle-income countries. Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis (OWCL) is caused by species found in Africa, Asia, the Middle East, the Mediterranean, and India. The most commonly prescribed treatments are antimonials, but other drugs have been used with varying success. As OWCL tends to heal spontaneously, it is necessary to justify the use of systemic and topical treatments...
November 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149199/epidemiology-and-clinical-profile-of-pathogens-responsible-for-the-hospitalization-of-children-in-sousse-area-tunisia
#16
Ines Brini, Aida Guerrero, Naila Hannachi, Jihene Bouguila, Dorothea Orth-Höller, Amira Bouhlel, Lamia Boughamoura, Benjamin Hetzer, Wegene Borena, Britta Schiela, Dorothee Von Laer, Jalel Boukadida, Heribert Stoiber
This study aimed to identify a broad spectrum of respiratory pathogens from hospitalized and not-preselected children with acute respiratory tract infections in the Farhat Hached University-hospital of Sousse, Tunisia. Between September 2013 and December 2014, samples from 372 children aged between 1 month and 5 years were collected, and tested using multiplex real-time RT-PCR by a commercial assay for 21 respiratory pathogens. In addition, samples were screened for the presence of Streptococcus pneumoniae 16S rDNA using real-time PCR...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149183/vaccine-effectiveness-against-laboratory-confirmed-influenza-hospitalizations-among-young-children-during-the-2010-11-to-2013-14-influenza-seasons-in-ontario-canada
#17
Sarah A Buchan, Hannah Chung, Michael A Campitelli, Natasha S Crowcroft, Jonathan B Gubbay, Timothy Karnauchow, Kevin Katz, Allison J McGeer, J Dayre McNally, David Richardson, Susan E Richardson, Laura C Rosella, Andrew Simor, Marek Smieja, Dat Tran, George Zahariadis, Jeffrey C Kwong
Uncertainty remains regarding the magnitude of effectiveness of influenza vaccines for preventing serious outcomes, especially among young children. We estimated vaccine effectiveness (VE) against laboratory-confirmed influenza hospitalizations among children aged 6-59 months. We used the test-negative design in hospitalized children in Ontario, Canada during the 2010-11 to 2013-14 influenza seasons. We used logistic regression models adjusted for age, season, and time within season to calculate VE estimates by vaccination status (full vs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148317/brainstem-glioma-prediction-of-histopathologic-grade-based-on-conventional-mr-imaging
#18
Yashar Moharamzad, Morteza Sanei Taheri, Farhad Niaghi, Elham Shobeiri
Objective The objective of this article is to investigate the association between specific MR imaging findings and histopathologic grading (low-grade vs. high-grade) of brainstem gliomas (BSGs). Methods Sixty-two males and 34 females (mean (standard deviation, SD) age of 24.61 (17.20) years, range = 3 to 70 years) with histologically diagnosed BSG underwent conventional 1.5 T MR imaging, which included T1-weighted (T1W), T2W, and post-contrast T1W sequences. There were 39 children (mean age of 9.38 years) and 57 adults (mean age of 35 years)...
January 1, 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148213/dynamic-expiratory-ct-an-effective-non-invasive-diagnostic-exam-for-fragile-children-with-suspected-tracheo-bronchomalacia
#19
Nicola Ullmann, Aurelio Secinaro, Laura Menchini, Serena Caggiano, Elisabetta Verrillo, Teresa Pia Santangelo, Renato Cutrera, Paolo Tomà
BACKGROUND: Tracheobronchomalacia, defined as variable collapse of the airways, has been recognized as an important cause of respiratory morbidity but still widely underdiagnosed. Bronchoscopy is still considered as the gold standard, but numerous limitations are known, especially for fragile sick children. Moreover, information on parenchymal lung disease cannot be described. There is a real need for a reliable, non-invasive test to help detection of airway and parenchymal malformations in children, specifically when bronchoscopy cannot be performed...
November 17, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148203/the-ins-and-outs-of-intussusception-where-best-practice-reduces-the-need-for-surgery
#20
Spencer W Beasley
Intussusception may be difficult to diagnose because the classical triad of symptoms is evident at the time of presentation in only about 20% of cases. This may lead to delays in making the correct diagnosis. The most common presenting features are colicky abdominal pain, vomiting, pallor, lethargy and listlessness. In recent years, the algorithms of management of intussusception have changed significantly: a routine plain abdominal X-ray has been replaced by ultrasonography, previously perceived contraindications to attempting an enema reduction no longer apply, gas has largely replaced barium for enema reduction, incomplete initial reduction is an indication for a delayed repeat enema if the child is stable clinically and partial reduction has been achieved, the indications for surgery have been tightened and laparoscopy affords an alternative surgical approach...
November 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
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