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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549271/the-association-between-the-early-motor-repertoire-and-language-development-in-term-children-born-after-normal-pregnancy
#1
Sahar Salavati, Christa Einspieler, Giulia Vagelli, Dajie Zhang, Jasmin Pansy, Johannes G M Burgerhof, Peter B Marschik, Arend F Bos
BACKGROUND: The assessment of the early motor repertoire is a widely used method for assessing the infant's neurological status. AIM: To determine the association between the early motor repertoire and language development. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SUBJECTS: 22 term children born after normal pregnancy; video recorded for the assessment of the early motor repertoire including their motor optimality score (MOS), according to Prechtl, at 3 and 5months post term...
May 23, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549024/the-epidemiology-of-hospital-death-following-pediatric-severe-sepsis-when-why-and-how-children-with-sepsis-die
#2
Scott L Weiss, Fran Balamuth, Josey Hensley, Julie C Fitzgerald, Jenny Bush, Vinay M Nadkarni, Neal J Thomas, Mark Hall, Jennifer Muszynski
OBJECTIVE: The epidemiology of in-hospital death after pediatric sepsis has not been well characterized. We investigated the timing, cause, mode, and attribution of death in children with severe sepsis, hypothesizing that refractory shock leading to early death is rare in the current era. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING: Emergency departments and ICUs at two academic children's hospitals. PATIENTS: Seventy-nine patients less than 18 years old treated for severe sepsis/septic shock in 2012-2013 who died prior to hospital discharge...
May 25, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548878/immunophenotyping-of-the-cerebrospinal-fluid-as-a-prognostic-factor-at-diagnosis-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-in-children-and-adolescents
#3
Camila Silva Peres Cancela, Mitiko Murao, Juliana Godoy Assumpção, Marcelo Eduardo de Lima Souza, Antonio Vaz de Macedo, Marcos Borato Viana, Benigna Maria De Oliveira
This study aimed at evaluating the use of immunophenotyping (IMP) in the identification of blast cells in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of children and adolescents with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Sixty-seven patients aged 18 years or younger were included. Fifty-five CSF samples were analyzed at initial diagnosis and 17 at the time of relapse. A cytological analysis (CA) was performed in all 72 samples, while IMP was done in 63. Blasts were identified in only three samples by CA, whereas all three samples were found negative by IMP, one of which had no isolation of nucleated cells after centrifugation...
May 26, 2017: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548542/a-systematic-review-of-the-impact-of-educational-programs-on-factors-that-affect-nurses-post-operative-pain-management-for-children
#4
Nahar AlReshidi, Tony Long, Angela Darvill
Despite extensive research in the international arena into pain and its management, there is, as yet, little research on the topic of pain in children in Saudi Arabia and in the Gulf countries generally. A systematic review was conducted to explore the impact of education programs on factors affecting paediatric nurses' postoperative pain management practice. This was done in order to advise the creation of an educational program for nurses in Saudi Arabia. Knowledge about pain, attitudes towards pain, beliefs about children's pain, perceptions of children's reports of pain, self-efficacy with regard to pain management, and perceptions of barriers to optimal practice were all considered to be relevant factors...
May 26, 2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548288/hypermineralization-and-high-osteocyte-lacunar-density-in-osteogenesis-imperfecta-type-v-bone-indicate-exuberant-primary-bone-formation
#5
Stéphane Blouin, Nadja Fratzl-Zelman, Francis H Glorieux, Paul Roschger, Klaus Klaushofer, Joan C Marini, Frank Rauch
In contrast to "classical" forms of Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) types I to IV, caused by a mutation in COL1A1/A2, OI type V is due to a gain-of-function mutation in the IFITM5 gene, encoding the interferon-induced transmembrane protein 5, or bone-restricted ifitm-like protein (BRIL). Its phenotype distinctly differs from OI types I to IV by absence of blue sclerae and dentinogenesis imperfecta, by the occurrence of ossification disorders like hyperplastic callus and forearm interosseous membrane ossification...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548032/impact-of-age-sex-socioeconomic-status-and-physical-activity-on-associated-movements-and-motor-speed-in-preschool-children
#6
Tanja H Kakebeeke, Annina E Zysset, Nadine Messerli-Bürgy, Aziz Chaouch, Kerstin Stülb, Claudia S Leeger-Aschmann, Einat A Schmutz, Amar Arhab, Valentin Rousson, Susi Kriemler, Simone Munsch, Jardena J Puder, Oskar G Jenni
INTRODUCTION: Young children generally show contralateral associated movements (CAMs) when they are making an effort to perform a unimanual task. CAM and motor speed are two relevant aspects of motor proficiency in young children. These CAMs decrease over age, while motor speed increases. As both CAM and motor speed are associated with age, we were interested in whether these two parameters are also linked with each other. METHOD: In this study, three manual dexterity tasks with the dominant and nondominant hands (pegboard, repetitive hand, and repetitive finger tasks) were used to investigate the effect of covariates (age, sex, socioeconomic status, total physical activity) on both motor speed and CAMs in preschool children...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547746/the-support-needs-of-parents-having-a-child-with-a-chronic-kidney-disease-a-focus-group-study
#7
W W Geense, B G I van Gaal, J L Knoll, E A M Cornelissen, T van Achterberg
BACKGROUND: Parents of children with a chronic kidney disease (CKD) have a crucial role in the management of their child's disease. The burden on parents is high: they are often exhausted, depressed and experience high levels of stress and a low quality of life, which could have a negative impact on their child's health outcomes. Support aiming at preventing and reducing parental stress is essential. Therefore, it is necessary to have insight in the problems and support needs among these parents...
May 25, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547408/predictors-of-parent-teacher-agreement-in-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-their-typically-developing-siblings
#8
Elizabeth A Stratis, Luc Lecavalier
This study evaluated the magnitude of informant agreement and predictors of agreement on behavior and emotional problems and autism symptoms in 403 children with autism and their typically developing siblings. Parent-teacher agreement was investigated on the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS). Agreement between parents and teachers fell in the low to moderate range. Multiple demographic and clinical variables were considered as predictors, and only some measures of parent broad autism traits were associated with informant agreement...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546982/the-relationship-between-media-literacy-and-health-literacy-among-pregnant-women-in-health-centers-of-isfahan
#9
Farideh Akbarinejad, Mohammad Reza Soleymani, Leila Shahrzadi
BACKGROUND: The ability to access, analyze, evaluate, and convey information in various forms of media including print and nonprint requires media literacy, but the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic information and services needed for appropriate decisions regarding health, considered an important element in a woman's ability to participate in health promotion and prevention activities for herself and her children, is needed to a level of health literacy. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between media literacy and health literacy among pregnant women in health centers in Isfahan...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546755/pediatric-ventricular-assist-devices-current-challenges-and-future-prospects
#10
REVIEW
Sarah Burki, Iki Adachi
The field of mechanical circulatory support has made great strides in the preceding 2 decades. Although pediatric mechanical circulatory support has lagged behind that of adults, the gap between them is expected to close soon. The only device currently approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for use in children is the Berlin Heart EXCOR ventricular assist device (VAD). The prospective Berlin Heart Investigational Device Exemption Trial demonstrated good outcomes, such as bridge to transplantation or recovery, in ~90% of children supported with this device...
2017: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546591/the-healthcare-system-and-the-provision-of-oral-healthcare-in-european-union-member-states-part-8-italy
#11
M Bindi, C Paganelli, K A Eaton, E Widström
In Italy healthcare is provided for all Italian citizens and residents and it is delivered mainly by public providers, with some private or private-public entities. Italy's public healthcare system - the Servizio Sanitario Nazionale (SSN) - is organised by the Ministry of Health and administered on a devolved regional basis. It is financed by general taxation that provides universal coverage, largely free of charge at the point of service. The central government establishes the basic national health benefits package, which must be uniformly provided throughout the country, through services guaranteed under the NHS provision called LEA - (Livelli Essenziali di Assistenza [Essential Level of Assistance]) and allocates national funds to the regions...
May 26, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546534/classification-of-paediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease-using-machine-learning
#12
E Mossotto, J J Ashton, T Coelho, R M Beattie, B D MacArthur, S Ennis
Paediatric inflammatory bowel disease (PIBD), comprising Crohn's disease (CD), ulcerative colitis (UC) and inflammatory bowel disease unclassified (IBDU) is a complex and multifactorial condition with increasing incidence. An accurate diagnosis of PIBD is necessary for a prompt and effective treatment. This study utilises machine learning (ML) to classify disease using endoscopic and histological data for 287 children diagnosed with PIBD. Data were used to develop, train, test and validate a ML model to classify disease subtype...
May 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546379/tracheostomy-in-infants-and-children
#13
Karen F Watters
Over the last decade, tracheostomy has been increasingly performed in children, aligned with the improvements in neonatal and pediatric ICU care. Nowadays, the majority of children with tracheostomy represent a very complex cohort of patients with sustained reliance on tracheostomy and related medical technology for long-term survival. Tracheostomy is one of the most commonly performed procedures in the adult ICU. Contrary to adult practice, tracheostomy is a much less common procedure in the pediatric ICU, being performed in < 3% of patients...
June 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546222/prevalence-of-celiac-disease-in-52-721-youth-with-type-1-diabetes-international-comparison-across-three-continents
#14
Maria E Craig, Nicole Prinz, Claire T Boyle, Fiona M Campbell, Timothy W Jones, Sabine E Hofer, Jill H Simmons, Naomi Holman, Elaine Tham, Elke Fröhlich-Reiterer, Stephanie DuBose, Helen Thornton, Bruce King, David M Maahs, Reinhard W Holl, Justin T Warner
OBJECTIVE: Celiac disease (CD) has a recognized association with type 1 diabetes. We examined international differences in CD prevalence and clinical characteristics of youth with coexisting type 1 diabetes and CD versus type 1 diabetes only. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Data sources were as follows: the Prospective Diabetes Follow-up registry (Germany/Austria); the T1D Exchange Clinic Network (T1DX) (U.S.); the National Paediatric Diabetes Audit (U.K. [England/Wales]); and the Australasian Diabetes Data Network (ADDN) (Australia)...
May 25, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545800/outcomes-and-satisfaction-in-pediatric-patients-with-chait-cecostomy-tubes
#15
Mark D Bevill, Kristine Bonnett, Angela Arlen, Christopher Cooper, Cheryl Baxter, Douglas W Storm
INTRODUCTION: Patients with spina bifida and other spinal dysraphisms commonly suffer from fecal incontinence and constipation, which can be treated with antegrade continence enemas. Currently, information regarding outcomes and satisfaction in children who have Chait cecostomy tubes is lacking. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Chait cecostomy tubes in management of constipation in children with spinal dysraphisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was completed by patients and/or their families during office visits at the University of Iowa or Nationwide Children's Hospital during follow-up pediatric urology office visits...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545781/tests-for-serum-transglutaminase-and-endomysial-antibodies-do-not-detect-most-patients-with-celiac-disease-and-persistent-villous-atrophy-on-gluten-free-diets-a-meta-analysis
#16
Jocelyn A Silvester, Satya Kurada, Andrea Szwajcer, Ciarán P Kelly, Daniel A Leffler, Donald R Duerksen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Tests to measure serum endomysial antibodies (EMA) and antibodies to tissue transglutaminase (tTG) were developed to screen for celiac disease in patients consuming gluten. However, they are commonly used to monitor patients on a gluten-free diet (GFD). We conducted a meta-analysis to assess the sensitivity and specificity of tTG IgA and EMA IgA assays in identifying patients with celiac disease who have persistent villous atrophy despite a GFD. METHODS: We searched PUBMED, EMBASE, BIOSIS, SCOPUS, clinicaltrials...
May 22, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545751/what-is-the-male-to-female-ratio-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Rachel Loomes, Laura Hull, William Polmear Locke Mandy
OBJECTIVE: To derive the first systematically calculated estimate of the relative proportion of boys and girls with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) through a meta-analysis of prevalence studies conducted since the introduction of the DSM-IV and the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision. METHOD: Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were followed. The Medline, Embase, and PsycINFO databases were searched, and study quality was rated using a risk-of-bias tool...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545738/-fluoride-intake-through-consumption-of-water-from-municipal-network-in-the-inma-gipuzkoa-cohort
#18
Ana Jiménez-Zabala, Loreto Santa-Marina, Mónica Otazua, Mikel Ayerdi, Ane Galarza, Mara Gallastegi, Enrique Ulibarrena, Amaia Molinuevo, Asier Anabitarte, Jesús Ibarluzea
OBJECTIVE: To estimate fluoride intake through consumption of water from the municipal network in pregnant women and their children from the INMA-Gipuzkoa cohort and to compare these intakes with recommended levels. In Euskadi (Spain), fluoridation of drinking water is compulsory in water supplies for more than 30,000 inhabitants. METHOD: 575 pregnant women (recruitment, 2006-2008) and 424 4-year-old children (follow-up, 2010-2012) have been included. Fluoride levels in drinking water were obtained from the water consumption information system of the Basque Country (EKUIS)...
May 22, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545347/family-composition-and-marital-dissolution-in-rural-nepal-1945-2008
#19
Elyse A Jennings
The presence, number, sex, and age composition of children within families can have important influences on couples' marital outcomes. Children are valued across settings, but their value in settings where there is an absence of formalized social security is distinctive. This paper explores the influences of childlessness, and different number, age, and sex compositions of children, on the odds of marital dissolution among couples in rural Nepal. Results reveal that childless couples face significantly higher odds of dissolution than couples with at least one child, and each additional child-up to three children-reduces couples' odds of dissolution...
July 2017: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545237/emotion-recognition-in-adolescents-with-down-syndrome-a-nonverbal-approach
#20
Régis Pochon, Claire Touchet, Laure Ibernon
Several studies have reported that persons with Down syndrome (DS) have difficulties recognizing emotions; however, there is insufficient research to prove that a deficit of emotional knowledge exists in DS. The aim of this study was to evaluate the recognition of emotional facial expressions without making use of emotional vocabulary, given the language problems known to be associated with this syndrome. The ability to recognize six emotions was assessed in 24 adolescents with DS. Their performance was compared to that of 24 typically developing children with the same nonverbal-developmental age, as assessed by Raven's Progressive Matrices...
May 23, 2017: Brain Sciences
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