keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Only children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107473/butimba-intensifying-the-hunt-for-child-tb-in-swaziland-through-household-contact-tracing
#1
Anna Maria Mandalakas, Katherine Ngo, Pilar Alonso Ustero, Rachel Golin, Florence Anabwani, Bulisile Mzileni, Welile Sikhondze, Robert Stevens
BACKGROUND: Limited data exists to inform contact tracing guidelines in children and HIV-affected populations. We evaluated the yield and additionality of household contact and source case investigations in Swaziland, a TB/HIV high-burden setting, while prioritizing identification of childhood TB. METHODS: In partnership with 7 local TB clinics, we implemented standardized contact tracing of index cases (IC) receiving TB treatment. Prioritizing child contacts and HIV-affected households, screening officers screened contacts for TB symptoms and to identify risk factors associated with TB...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107412/nasal-carriage-of-staphylococcus-aureus-among-children-in-the-ashanti-region-of-ghana
#2
Daniel Eibach, Michael Nagel, Benedikt Hogan, Clinton Azuure, Ralf Krumkamp, Denise Dekker, Mike Gajdiss, Melanie Brunke, Nimako Sarpong, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Jürgen May
BACKGROUND: Nasal carriage with Staphylococcus aureus is a common risk factor for invasive infections, indicating the necessity to monitor prevalent strains, particularly in the vulnerable paediatric population. This surveillance study aims to identify carriage rates, subtypes, antimicrobial susceptibilities and virulence markers of nasal S. aureus isolates collected from children living in the Ashanti region of Ghana. METHODS: Nasal swabs were obtained from children < 15 years of age on admission to the Agogo Presbyterian Hospital between April 2014 and January 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107264/readmission-and-late-mortality-after-critical-illness-in-childhood
#3
Mary E Hartman, Mohammed J Saeed, Tellen Bennett, Katri Typpo, Renee Matos, Margaret A Olsen
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the ongoing mortality risk and healthcare utilization among U.S. children after discharge from a hospitalization involving ICU care. We sought to understand risks for hospital readmission and trends in mortality during the year following ICU discharge. DESIGN: Retrospective observational cohort study. SETTING: This study was performed using administrative claims data from 2006-2013 obtained from the Truven Health Analytics MarketScan Database...
January 19, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107208/environment-susceptibility-windows-development-and-child-health
#4
Robert O Wright
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To illustrate the role of the exposome in child health while highlighting unique aspects of this research pertinent to children, such as the time dependency of environmental exposures on fetal programming, as well as the time-dependent nature of child behavior, diet, and motor function, which alter the probability of exposure to different compounds. Future environmental health research will be more hypothesis generating but will also need to heed lessons learned from other 'omic' sciences...
January 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106790/contributions-of-letter-speech-sound-learning-and-visual-print-tuning-to-reading-improvement-evidence-from-brain-potential-and-dyslexia-training-studies
#5
REVIEW
Gorka Fraga González, Gojko Žarić, Jurgen Tijms, Milene Bonte, Maurits W van der Molen
We use a neurocognitive perspective to discuss the contribution of learning letter-speech sound (L-SS) associations and visual specialization in the initial phases of reading in dyslexic children. We review findings from associative learning studies on related cognitive skills important for establishing and consolidating L-SS associations. Then we review brain potential studies, including our own, that yielded two markers associated with reading fluency. Here we show that the marker related to visual specialization (N170) predicts word and pseudoword reading fluency in children who received additional practice in the processing of morphological word structure...
January 18, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106664/ethnic-differences-regarding-arterial-stiffness-of-6-8-year-old-black-and-white-boys
#6
Gontse G Mokwatsi, Aletta E Schutte, Ruan Kruger
OBJECTIVES: Vascular deterioration is suggested to occur earlier in black than white populations, thereby increasing their risk for developing hypertension. To establish whether this is the case, we compared different estimates of arterial stiffness in black and white children and investigated the links with body composition and advanced glycation end products (AGEs) as potential contributors. METHODS: We included 40 black and 41 white boys (aged 6-8 years) from similar schools and measured arterial stiffness [pulse wave velocity (PWV) in different arterial sections, systemic arterial compliance and carotid stiffness estimates], anthropometry as well as urinary pentosidine as a marker of AGEs...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106622/effect-of-combination-vaccines-on-hepatitis-b-vaccine-compliance-in-children-in-the-united-states
#7
Samantha K Kurosky, Keith L Davis, Claudia M Galindo
BACKGROUND: An increasingly crowded immunization schedule threatens the completion and compliance of hepatitis B vaccinations (HepB), the primary method of hepatitis B prevention. Combination vaccines have been proposed to alleviate this problem. METHODS: Data from the 2011 National Immunization Survey Public Use File were utilized (GSK study identifier: HO-11-770) to compare HepB completion and compliance rates between 3 groups of children: those who received HepB combination vaccine, those who received non-HepB combination vaccine, and those who received HepB single-antigen vaccine only...
January 17, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106296/pten-plays-dual-roles-as-a-tumor-suppressor-in-osteosarcoma-cells
#8
Yongming Xi, Yan Chen
Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary bone cancer, which occurs primarily in children and adolescents. Functional loss of the tumor suppressor PTEN has been demonstrated in bone malignancies including OS. We have recently reported that Pten expression inversely correlates with OS aggressiveness in mouse models. However, the mechanism whereby PTEN exerts its anti-tumor effect remains unknown. In this study, we first examined the expression of PTEN in human OS cell lines including U2OS, MG63 and Saos-2, and found that PTEN expression is reduced as compared to normal human osteoblasts...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105733/vitamin-d-supplementation-for-sickle-cell-disease
#9
REVIEW
Htoo Htoo Kyaw Soe, Adinegara Bl Abas, Nan Nitra Than, Han Ni, Jaspal Singh, Abdul Razzak Bin Mohd Said, Ifeyinwa Osunkwo
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease is a genetic chronic haemolytic and pro-inflammatory disorder. The clinical manifestations of sickle cell disease result from the presence of mutations on the beta globin genes that generate an abnormal haemoglobin product (called haemoglobin S) within the red blood cell. Sickle cell disease can lead to many complications such as acute chest syndrome, stroke, acute and chronic bone complications (including painful vaso-occlusive crisis, osteomyelitis, osteonecrosis and osteoporosis)...
January 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105643/peer-groups-as-a-context-for-school-misconduct-the-moderating-role-of-group-interactional-style
#10
Wendy Ellis, Lynne Zarbatany, Xinyin Chen, Megan Kinal, Lisa Boyko
Peer group interactional style was examined as a moderator of the relation between peer group school misconduct and group members' school misconduct. Participants were 705 students (Mage  = 11.59 years, SD = 1.37) in 148 peer groups. Children reported on their school misconduct in fall and spring. In the winter, group members were observed in a limited-resource task and a group conversation task, and negative and positive group interactional styles were assessed. Multilevel modeling indicated that membership in groups that were higher on school misconduct predicted greater school misconduct only when the groups were high on negative or low on positive interactional style...
January 20, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105089/laparoscopic-surgery-in-the-treatment-of-incarcerated-indirect-inguinal-hernia-in-children
#11
Yiyu Yin, Hongwei Zhang, Xiang Zhang, Fang Sun, Huaxin Zou, Hui Cao, Cheng Wen
We aimed to explore the feasibility and the safety of the laparoscopic surgery for incarcerated indirect inguinal hernia (IIH) in children. From January 2012 to December 2014, 64 children were enrolled into this study. All 64 patients received laparoscopic surgery and we reviewed their perioperative and postoperative follow-up studies. In addition, we enrolled 60 cases of children who received traditional surgery of IIH administered through minimally invasive surgery as the control group. Results from the present study showed that the mean operation time for the laparoscopic group was 41...
December 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105068/overdiagnosis-of-mental-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-in-developed-countries
#12
REVIEW
Eva Charlotte Merten, Jan Christopher Cwik, Jürgen Margraf, Silvia Schneider
During the past 50 years, health insurance providers and national registers of mental health regularly report significant increases in the number of mental disorder diagnoses in children and adolescents. However, epidemiological studies show mixed effects of time trends of prevalence of mental disorders. Overdiagnosis in clinical practice rather than an actual increase is assumed to be the cause for this situation. We conducted a systematic literature search on the topic of overdiagnosis of mental disorders in children and adolescents...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104624/youtube-are-parent-uploaded-videos-of-their-unwell-children-a-useful-source-of-medical-information-for-other-parents
#13
Katie Knight, Dorothy M van Leeuwen, Damian Roland, Henriette A Moll, Rianne Oostenbrink
AIMS: YouTube is a vast source of freely accessible user-uploaded medical information. To our knowledge no study has analysed the quality of parent-uploaded videos which depict illness in their children. We aimed to investigate the quality and quantity of videos representing two common conditions, croup and dehydration. METHOD: YouTube was searched using the search terms 'croup+child' and 'dehydration+child'. The first 400 videos of each search were screened. Videos created by doctors or by educational institutions were excluded...
January 19, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103962/does-breast-feeding-reduce-offspring-junk-food-consumption-during-childhood-examinations-by-socio-economic-status-and-race-ethnicity
#14
Dylan B Jackson, Kecia R Johnson
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether breast-feeding duration and socio-economic status (SES) interact to predict junk food consumption among offspring and whether the interaction differs across racial/ethnic groups. DESIGN: Survey research using a longitudinal panel design. Hierarchical linear regression was used to analyse the data. SETTING: In-home interviews with the child's parents over a 5-year period across the USA. SUBJECTS: Approximately 10 000 American children from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study: Birth Cohort (ECLS-B)...
January 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103891/a-mixed-methods-assessment-of-barriers-to-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-in-gogrial-west-south-sudan
#15
Lynn Lawry, Covadonga Canteli, Tahina Rabenzanahary, Wartini Pramana
BACKGROUND: Health conditions for mothers, newborns, and children in South Sudan are among the worst worldwide. South Sudan has the highest rate of maternal mortality in the world and despite alarming statistics, few women and children in South Sudan have access to needed healthcare, especially in rural areas. The purpose of this study was to understand the barriers to maternal, newborn and child health in Gogrial West, Warrap State, South Sudan, one of the most underdeveloped states...
January 19, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103872/the-use-of-the-eq-5d-y-health-related-quality-of-life-outcome-measure-in-children-in-the-western-cape-south-africa-psychometric-properties-feasibility-and-usefulness-a-longitudinal-analytical-study
#16
Des Scott, Gillian D Ferguson, Jennifer Jelsma
BACKGROUND: The EQ-5D-Y, an outcome measure of Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) in children, was developed by an international task team in 2010. The multinational feasibility, reliability and validity study which followed was undertaken with mainly healthy children. The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the EQ-5D-Y when used to assess the HRQoL of children with different health states. METHOD: A sample of 224 children between eight and twelve years were grouped according to their health state...
January 19, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103851/cystic-fibrosis-physicians-perspectives-on-the-timing-of-referral-for-lung-transplant-evaluation-a-survey-of-physicians-in-the-united-states
#17
Kathleen J Ramos, Ranjani Somayaji, Erika D Lease, Christopher H Goss, Moira L Aitken
BACKGROUND: Prior studies reveal that a significant proportion of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) and advanced lung disease are not referred for lung transplant (LTx) evaluation. We sought to assess expert CF physician perspectives on the timing of LTx referral and investigate their LTx knowledge. METHODS: We developed an online anonymous survey that was distributed by the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation (CFF) to the medical directors of all CFF-accredited care centers in the United States in 2015...
January 19, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103778/the-role-of-the-world-health-organization-in-eliminating-iodine-deficiency-worldwide
#18
Paulina Karwowska, Joao Breda
BACKGROUND: Iodine deficiency has been one of the most prevalent micronutrient deficiencies in the world, causing many health disorders, particularly in pregnant women and children. Despite increased salt iodization in some countries and regions, the process has lacked global coordination and sustainability, two prerequisites for reaching the aim of eliminating iodine deficiency. This goal can be reached only by evidence-based, effectively monitored joint and committed actions of all countries...
January 18, 2017: Recent Patents on Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103762/cultural-and-biological-factors-modulate-spatial-biases-over-development
#19
Luisa Girelli, Chiara Valeria Marinelli, Giuseppe Grossi, Lisa S Arduino
Increasing evidence supports the contribution of both biological and cultural factors to visuospatial processing. The present study adds to the literature by exploring the interplay of perceptual and linguistic mechanisms in determining visuospatial asymmetries in adults (Experiment 1) and children (Experiment 2). In particular, pre-schoolers (3 and 5 year-olds), school-aged children (8 year-old), and adult participants were required to bisect different types of stimuli, that is, lines, words, and figure strings...
January 19, 2017: Laterality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103732/evaluation-of-antivenom-therapy-for-vipera-palaestinae-bites-in-children-experience-of-two-large-tertiary-care-pediatric-hospitals
#20
Dikla Pivko-Levy, Itamar Munchnak, Ayelet Rimon, Uri Balla, Dennis Scolnik, Christopher Hoyte, Yair Voliovitch, Miguel Glatstein
BACKGROUND: Antivenom has been successfully used to treat systemic and progressive, local manifestations of envenomation inflicted by Vipera (V.) palaestinae, the most common venomous snake in Israel. The objective of this study was to evaluate the fixed dose V. palaestinae monovalent (equine) immunoglobulin G antivenom used in two pediatric emergency departments. In particular, we wanted to assess the need for repeated antivenom administration and the rate of adverse antivenom effects in children...
January 20, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
keyword
keyword
112127
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"