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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202668/quality-of-life-and-care-needs-in-women-with-estrogen-positive-metastatic-breast-cancer-a-qualitative-study
#1
Gitte Lee Mortensen, Ivan Bredbjerg Madsen, Randi Krogsgaard, Bent Ejlertsen
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the prognosis of metastatic breast cancer (MBC) has improved with more effective therapies applicable to a wider range of patients. To many patients, a MBC diagnosis thus initiates a prolonged course of illness and treatment. This qualitative study aimed to explore the long-term health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and support needs in MBC patients of all ages in the Danish context. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighteen MBC patients participated in five qualitative focus group interviews that were analyzed using content analysis and a constructivist approach...
December 5, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195125/effects-of-continuation-electroconvulsive-therapy-on-quality-of-life-in-elderly-depressed-patients-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
W Vaughn McCall, Sarah H Lisanby, Peter B Rosenquist, Mary Dooley, Mustafa M Husain, Rebecca G Knapp, Georgios Petrides, Matthew V Rudorfer, Robert C Young, Shawn M McClintock, Martina Mueller, Joan Prudic, Robert M Greenberg, Richard D Weiner, Samuel H Bailine, Nagy A Youssef, Laryssa McCloud, Charles H Kellner
We examined whether electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) plus medications ("STABLE + PHARM" group) had superior HRQOL compared with medications alone ("PHARM" group) as continuation strategy after successful acute right unilateral ECT for major depressive disorder (MDD). We hypothesized that scores from the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 (SF-36) would be higher during continuation treatment in the "STABLE + PHARM" group versus the "PHARM" group. The overall study design was called "Prolonging Remission in Depressed Elderly" (PRIDE)...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192888/low-dose-cbct-reconstruction-using-hessian-schatten-penalties
#3
Liang Liu, Xinxin Li, Kai Xiang, Jing Wang, Shan Tan
Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) has been widely used in radiation therapy. For accurate patient setup and treatment target localization, it is important to obtain high-quality reconstruction images. The total variation (TV) penalty has shown the state-of-the-art performance in suppressing noise and preserving edges for statistical iterative image reconstruction, but it sometimes leads to the so-called staircase effect. In this paper, we proposed to use a new family of penalties-the Hessian Schatten (HS) penalties-for the CBCT reconstruction...
December 2017: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188883/dietary-approach-to-stop-hypertension-with-sodium-reduction-for-chinese-canadians-dashna-cc-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
P Zou, C-L Dennis, R Lee, M Parry
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of culturally sensitive dietary interventions targeting Chinese Canadians despite unhealthy dietary behaviours being identified as the most important modifiable risk factor for hypertension in the Chinese population. AIMS: To determine the feasibility of a culturally sensitive dietary intervention for hypertension control; to examine the potential effects of the intervention on blood pressure and health-related quality of life among Chinese Canadians in community...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180834/increased-levels-of-s100a8-a9-in-patients-with-peritonsillar-abscess-a-new-promising-diagnostic-marker-to-differentiate-between-peritonsillar-abscess-and-peritonsillitis
#5
Christoph Spiekermann, Antonella Russo, Markus Stenner, Claudia Rudack, Johannes Roth, Thomas Vogl
Peritonsillar abscess (PTA) is a very frequent reason for urgent outpatient consultation and otolaryngological hospital admission. Early, correct diagnosis and therapy of peritonsillar abscess are important to prevent possible life-threatening complications. Based on physical examinations, a reliable differentiation between peritonsillar cellulitis and peritonsillar abscess is restricted. A heterodimeric complex called calprotectin consists of the S100 proteins A8 and A9 (S100A8/A9) and is predominantly expressed not only in monocytes and neutrophils but also in epithelial cells...
2017: Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173224/occupational-therapy-for-functional-neurological-disorders-a-scoping-review-and-agenda-for-research
#6
Paula Gardiner, Lindsey MacGregor, Alan Carson, Jon Stone
Functional neurological disorders (FND)-also called psychogenic, nonorganic, conversion, and dissociative disorders-constitute one of the commonest problems in neurological practice. An occupational therapist (OT) is commonly involved in management, but there is no specific literature or guidance for these professionals. Classification now emphasizes the importance of positive diagnosis of FND based on physical signs, more than psychological features. Studies of mechanism have produced new clinical and neurobiological ways of thinking about these disorders...
November 27, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167034/body-awareness-training-in-the-treatment-of-wearing-off-related-anxiety-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-results-from-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Ires Ghielen, Erwin E H van Wegen, Sonja Rutten, Cees J T de Goede, Marieke Houniet-de Gier, Emma H Collette, Ingrid A L Burgers-Bots, Jos W R Twisk, Gert Kwakkel, Kees Vermunt, Bep van Vliet, Henk W Berendse, Odile A van den Heuvel
BACKGROUND: In Parkinson's disease (PD) patients, fluctuations in symptoms commonly occur after many years of dopamine replacement therapy. The so-called wearing-off phenomenon exists of both motor and non-motor symptoms, such as rigidity and anxiety. Current treatment options are limited and an integrated approach is needed to address the complex interactions between motor and non-motor symptoms. Since wearing-off is eventually inevitable, treatment needs to focus on coping, acceptance and self-efficacy...
December 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155891/the-burden-of-gynecomastia-among-men-on-antiretroviral-therapy-in-zomba-malawi
#8
Victor Singano, Alemayehu Amberbir, Daniela Garone, Christopher Kandionamaso, Jack Msonko, Monique van Lettow, Kondwani Kalima, Yamikani Mataka, Gift Kawalazira, Gabriel Mateyu, Aunex Kwekwesa, Alfred Matengeni, Joep J van Oosterhout
BACKGROUND: Many Africans who are on life-saving ART face challenges from a variety of toxicities. After the introduction of a standardized first-line efavirenz-containing ART regimen, reports of gynecomastia appeared in Malawian popular media, however data on the prevalence and risk factors of gynecomastia from Africa are lacking. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in males ≥18 years registered on ART at the HIV clinic in Zomba Central Hospital. Men who reported to have ever experienced breast or nipple enlargement received a standard questionnaire and underwent physical examination...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154581/supervisor-employee-power-distance-incompatibility-gender-similarity-and-relationship-conflict-a-test-of-interpersonal-interaction-theory
#9
Katrina A Graham, Scott B Dust, Jonathan C Ziegert
According to interpersonal interaction theory, relational harmony surfaces when two individuals have compatible interaction styles. Building from this theory, we propose that supervisor-employee power distance orientation incompatibility will be related to employees' experience of higher levels of relationship conflict with their supervisors. Additionally, we propose an asymmetrical incongruence effect such that relationship conflict will be highest when supervisors are high in power distance and employees are low in power distance...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133968/effects-of-laser-therapy-and-grimaldi-s-muscle-shortening-manoeuvre-on-motor-control-of-subjects-with-incomplete-spinal-cord-injuries
#10
Diego Longo, Leonardo Longo, Paolo Lippi, Giulio Cherubini, Vanessa Mangé
Background and Objectives: From year 2003 we treated positively 251 patients with Traumatic Spinal Cord Injuries (TSCI), using Non-Surgical Laser Therapy (NSLT). In order to increase muscle strength, we have also started using a physical therapy practice called Grimaldi's Muscle Shortening Manoeuvre (GMSM)The goal of our study is to obtain objective data suggesting the real effectiveness of the association of these two treatments. Study Design and Methods: In 2015, 10 patients with incomplete TSCI were enrolled...
September 30, 2017: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075043/temporality-and-positive-living-in-the-age-of-hiv-aids-a-multi-sited-ethnography
#11
Adia Benton, Thurka Sangaramoorthy, Ippolytos Kalofonos
Drawing on comparative ethnographic fieldwork conducted in urban Mozambique, United States, and Sierra Leone, the article is broadly concerned with the globalization of temporal logics and how specific ideologies of time and temporality accompany health interventions like those for HIV/AIDS. More specifically, we explore how HIV-positive individuals have been increasingly encouraged to pursue healthier and more fulfilling lives through a set of moral, physical, and social practices called "positive living" since the advent of antiretroviral therapies...
August 2017: Current Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065774/state-of-the-art-robotic-devices-for-ankle-rehabilitation-mechanism-and-control-review
#12
Shahid Hussain, Prashant K Jamwal, Mergen H Ghayesh
There is an increasing research interest in exploring use of robotic devices for the physical therapy of patients suffering from stroke and spinal cord injuries. Rehabilitation of patients suffering from ankle joint dysfunctions such as drop foot is vital and therefore has called for the development of newer robotic devices. Several robotic orthoses and parallel ankle robots have been developed during the last two decades to augment the conventional ankle physical therapy of patients. A comprehensive review of these robotic ankle rehabilitation devices is presented in this article...
December 2017: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049283/the-impact-of-muscle-relaxation-techniques-on-the-quality-of-life-of-cancer-patients-as-measured-by-the-fact-g-questionnaire
#13
MULTICENTER STUDY
Paula Parás-Bravo, Paloma Salvadores-Fuentes, Cristina Alonso-Blanco, María Paz-Zulueta, Miguel Santibañez-Margüello, Domingo Palacios-Ceña, Ester Boixadera-Planas, César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas
INTRODUCTION: Patients with cancer frequently suffer from emotional distress, characterized by psychological symptoms such as anxiety or depression. The presence of psychological symptoms combined with the complex nature of oncology processes can negatively impact patients' quality of life. We aimed to determine the impact of a relaxation protocol on improving quality of life in a sample of oncological patients treated in the Spanish National Public Health System. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a multicenter interventional study without a control group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037618/immediate-effect-of-mental-practice-with-and-without-mirror-therapy-on-muscle-activation-in-hemiparetic-stroke-patients
#14
Tamise Aguiar Caires, Luciane Fernanda Rodrigues Martinho Fernandes, Lislei Jorge Patrizzi, Rafael de Almeida Oliveira, Luciane Aparecida Pascucci Sande de Souza
Mental practice (MP) consists of the repeated mental rehearsal of a physical skill without movement, called motor imagery (MI). Studies show that MP and MI associated mirror therapy (MPMT) may improve muscle control of the upper limbs in hemiparesis. This study aimed to evaluate muscle activation during active flexion of the wrist (MA), MP, and MPMT in patients with history of stroke and hemiparesis. Individuals diagnosed with stroke showing sequelae of upper limb hemiparesis were enrolled. The flexor carpi ulnaris was analyzed using electromyography during tasks (MA, MP, MPMT) involving wrist flexion...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987079/effectiveness-of-biofield-therapy-for-patients-diagnosed-with-fibromyalgia
#15
Fernando Sarmento, Hideaki Tanaka, Eduarda Cordeiro, Kiyoshi Suzuki
Context • Fibromyalgia (FM) is a disorder with an unknown etiology; symptoms include physical and psychological stress, widespread chronic pain, insomnia, and depression. Mind-body medicine and aerobic exercise have shown positive effects for symptom control. Several studies have reported positive effects for biofield therapy for FM, but when other studies have compared the treatment with a sham control, they have not found those beneficial effects. Objective • The study intended to examine the effects of a biofield therapy called Okada purifying therapy on patients' FM symptoms...
October 2, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983271/-health-in-the-mirror-an-unconventional-approach-to-unmet-psychological-needs-in-oncology
#16
Valentina E Di Mattei, Letizia Carnelli, Paola Taranto, Martina Bernardi, Chiara Brombin, Federica Cugnata, Angela Noviello, Morag Currin, Giorgia Mangili, Emanuela Rabaiotti, Lucio Sarno, Massimo Candiani
Background: The introduction of aesthetic care programs for cancer patients inside hospitals could help patients cope with the side effects of both disease and treatment. The specific objective of this study is to evaluate whether a complementary and supportive program, called "Health in the Mirror," has a positive effect on participants by analyzing certain psychological variables. Methods: Eighty-eight female cancer patients were included in this analysis. The support program is composed of three group aesthetic interventions that address both physical and psychological aspects that accompany cancer and its treatment...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980043/how-imaging-membrane-and-cell-processes-involved-in-electropermeabilization-can-improve-its-development-in-cell-biology-and-in-clinics
#17
Laure Gibot, Muriel Golzio, Marie-Pierre Rols
Cell membranes can be transiently permeabilized under the application of electric pulses. This process, called electropermeabilization or electroporation, allows hydrophilic molecules, such as anticancer drugs and DNA, to enter into cells and tissues. The method is nowadays used in clinics to treat cancers. Vaccination and gene therapy are other fields of application of DNA electrotransfer. A description of the mechanisms can be assayed by using different complementary systems with increasing complexities (models of membranes, cells cultivated in 2D and 3D culture named spheroids, and tissues in living mice) and different microscopy tools to visualize the processes from single molecules to entire animals...
2017: Advances in Anatomy, Embryology, and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933176/-myocarditis-and-inflammatory-cardiomyopathy
#18
Dalibor Mlejnek, Jan Krejčí
Myocarditis is an inflammation of the heart muscle. The most common cause of myocarditis is viral infection in industrialized countries. Myocarditis with left ventricular dysfunction is called inflammatory cardiomyopathy and is the major cause of dilated cardiomyopathy. The clinical picture is very diverse, most often the patient present with signs of heart failure, arrhythmic symptoms and chest pains. Despite significant advances in non-invasive diagnostics, particularly magnetic resonance imaging, endomyocardial biopsy remains the gold standard of myocarditis diagnosis...
2017: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891846/quality-of-life-in-rectal-cancer-patients-after-chemoradiation-watch-and-wait-policy-versus-standard-resection-a-matched-controlled-study
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Britt J P Hupkens, Milou H Martens, Jan H Stoot, Maaike Berbee, Jarno Melenhorst, Regina G Beets-Tan, Geerard L Beets, Stéphanie O Breukink
BACKGROUND: Fifteen to twenty percent of patients with locally advanced rectal cancer have a clinical complete response after chemoradiation therapy. These patients can be offered nonoperative organ-preserving treatment, the so-called watch-and-wait policy. The main goal of this watch-and-wait policy is an anticipated improved quality of life and functional outcome in comparison with a total mesorectal excision, while maintaining a good oncological outcome. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the quality of life of watch-and-wait patients with a matched-controlled group of patients who underwent chemoradiation and surgery (total mesorectal excision group)...
October 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879503/asthma-phenotypes-and-endotypes-implications-for-personalised-therapy
#20
Katrina Dean, Robert Niven
Asthma is increasingly recognised as a heterogeneous group of diseases with similar clinical presentations rather than a singular disease entity. Asthma was historically categorised by clinical symptoms; however, newer methods of subgrouping, describing and categorising the disease have sub-defined asthma. These sub-definitions are intermittently called phenotypes or endotypes, but the real meanings of these words are poorly understood. Novel treatments are currently and increasingly available, partly in the monoclonal antibody environment, and also some physical therapies (bronchial thermoplasty), but additionally small molecules are not far away from clinical practice...
October 2017: BioDrugs: Clinical Immunotherapeutics, Biopharmaceuticals and Gene Therapy
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