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On-call physiotherapy

Johanna de Almeida Mello, Anja Declercq, Sophie Cès, Thérèse Van Durme, Chantal Van Audenhove, Jean Macq
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of home care interventions for frail older people in delaying permanent institutionalization during 6 months of follow-up. DESIGN: Longitudinal quasi-experimental research study, part of a larger study called Protocol 3. SETTING: Community care in Belgium. PARTICIPANTS: Frail older adults who received interventions (n = 4,607) and a comparison group of older adults who did not (n = 3,633)...
September 27, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
A Fehrenbach, T Werner, A Demirci, P K Zahn, C Grüneberg
OBJECTIVE: Respiratory physiotherapy is an integral part of the care of patients in intensive care units (ICU) after cardiac surgery. One of the most commonly used techniques in ICU to prevent pulmonary complications are mechanical vibrations, which can be applied with a tool called Vibrax.The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Vibrax (mechanical vibrations) on the arterial blood gases of patients in ICU during the 1. or 2. day after cardiac surgery. METHODS: A randomized controlled pilot study was conducted with 23 patients...
September 2016: Pneumologie
Harika Dasari, Bharath Wootla, Arthur E Warrington, Moses Rodriguez
We provide an overview of rehabilitation in neurological diseases. A large amount of literature available on neurorehabilitation is based from the rehabilitative work on stroke and spinal cord injuries. After a brief description of rehabilitation, the potential application of neurorehabilitation in neurodegenerative diseases specifically multiple sclerosis (MS) is summarized. Since MS causes a wide variety of symptoms, the rehabilitation in MS patients may benefit from an interdisciplinary approach that encloses physiotherapy, cognitive rehabilitation, psychological therapy, occupational therapy, and other methods to improve fatigue...
August 2016: International Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Francisco Ferrero-Manzanal, Raquel Lax-Pérez, Roberto López-Bernabé, José Ramiro Betancourt-Bastidas, Alvaro Iñiguez de Onzoño-Pérez
INTRODUCTION: Shoulder surgery is often performed with the patient in the so called "beach-chair position" with elevation of the upper part of the body. The anesthetic procedure can be general anesthesia and/or regional block, usually interscalenic brachial plexus block. We present a case of brachial plexus palsy with a possible mechanism of traction based on the electromyographic and clinical findings, although a possible contribution of nerve block cannot be excluded. PRESENTATION OF THE CASE: We present a case of a 62 year-old female, that suffered from shoulder fracture-dislocation...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Hagit Berdishevsky, Victoria Ashley Lebel, Josette Bettany-Saltikov, Manuel Rigo, Andrea Lebel, Axel Hennes, Michele Romano, Marianna Białek, Andrzej M'hango, Tony Betts, Jean Claude de Mauroy, Jacek Durmala
In recent decades, there has been a call for change among all stakeholders involved in scoliosis management. Parents of children with scoliosis have complained about the so-called "wait and see" approach that far too many doctors use when evaluating children's scoliosis curves between 10° and 25°. Observation, Physiotherapy Scoliosis Specific Exercises (PSSE) and bracing for idiopathic scoliosis during growth are all therapeutic interventions accepted by the 2011 International Society on Scoliosis Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation Treatment (SOSORT)...
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
Lena Zirn, Mirjam Körner, Leonie Luzay, Florian Sandeck, Christa Müller-Fröhlich, Christine Straub, Ulrich Stößel, Waltraud Silbernagel, Julia Fischer
AIM: Interprofessional education (IPE) is a central feature of modern education in the health care professions. Despite this, empirically founded and systematically structured IPE courses are absent from many curricula. To answer the WHO's call for improved interprofessional collaboration in the health care system, a seminar was designed, implemented and evaluated. The target group consisted of students beginning nursing and medical studies (first and second semesters) and physiotherapy students (first year of training)...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Benjamin D Bray, Geoffrey C Cloud, Martin A James, Harry Hemingway, Lizz Paley, Kevin Stewart, Pippa J Tyrrell, Charles D A Wolfe, Anthony G Rudd
BACKGROUND: Studies in many health systems have shown evidence of poorer quality health care for patients admitted on weekends or overnight than for those admitted during the week (the so-called weekend effect). We postulated that variation in quality was dependent on not only day, but also time, of admission, and aimed to describe the pattern and magnitude of variation in the quality of acute stroke care across the entire week. METHODS: We did this nationwide, registry-based, prospective cohort study using data from the Sentinel Stroke National Audit Programme...
July 9, 2016: Lancet
Damian Griffin, Peter Wall, Alba Realpe, Ann Adams, Nick Parsons, Rachel Hobson, Juul Achten, Jeremy Fry, Matthew Costa, Stavros Petrou, Nadine Foster, Jenny Donovan
BACKGROUND: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is a syndrome of hip or groin pain associated with shape abnormalities of the hip joint. Treatments include arthroscopic surgery and conservative care. This study explored the feasibility of a randomised controlled trial to compare these treatments. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to estimate the number of patients available for a full randomised controlled trial (RCT); to explore clinician and patient willingness to participate in such a RCT; to develop consensus on eligibility criteria, surgical and best conservative care protocols; to examine possible outcome measures and estimate the sample size for a full RCT; and to develop trial procedures and estimate recruitment and follow-up rates...
April 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Else Marie Bartels, Carsten B Juhl, Robin Christensen, Kåre Birger Hagen, Bente Danneskiold-Samsøe, Hanne Dagfinrud, Hans Lund
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis is a chronic disease characterized by joint pain, tenderness, and limitation of movement. At present, no cure is available. Thus only treatment of the person's symptoms and treatment to prevent further development of the disease are possible. Clinical trials indicate that aquatic exercise may have advantages for people with osteoarthritis. This is an update of a published Cochrane review. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of aquatic exercise for people with knee or hip osteoarthritis, or both, compared to no intervention...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Lara A Kimmel, Anne E Holland, Melissa J Hart, Elton R Edwards, Richard S Page, Raphael Hau, Andrew Bucknill, Belinda J Gabbe
Objective The involvement of orthopaedic trauma patients in the decision-making regarding discharge destination from the acute hospital and their perceptions of the care following discharge are poorly understood. The aim of the present study was to investigate orthopaedic trauma patient experiences of discharge from the acute hospital and transition back into the community.Methods The present qualitative study performed in-depth interviews, between October 2012 and November 2013, with patients aged 18-64 years with lower limb trauma...
February 25, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
C Hartz, W Häuser, M Schiltenwolf
BACKGROUND: The S3 guidelines for long-term application of opioids for non-tumour-associated pain, the so-called "LONTS", have recently been updated. German health insurance data indicated that over the last 3 to 4 years an increasing number of patients have been treated with opioids for non-tumour-associated pain. Many patients with somatoform pain disorder were treated with opioids. The S3-guidelines have therefore been modified after 5 years on the basis of a systematic literature search...
April 2016: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Kang-Ho Song, Alexander C Fan, John T Brlansky, Tammy Trudeau, Arthur Gutierrez-Hartmann, Michael L Calvisi, Mark A Borden
Microbubbles interact with ultrasound to induce transient microscopic pores in the cellular plasma membrane in a highly localized thermo-mechanical process called sonoporation. Theranostic applications of in vitro sonoporation include molecular delivery (e.g., transfection, drug loading and cell labeling), as well as molecular extraction for measuring intracellular biomarkers, such as proteins and mRNA. Prior research focusing mainly on the effects of acoustic forcing with polydisperse microbubbles has identified a "soft limit" of sonoporation efficiency at 50% when including dead and lysed cells...
2015: Theranostics
Vijay Rajanna, Patrick Vo, Jerry Barth, Matthew Mjelde, Trevor Grey, Cassandra Oduola, Tracy Hammond
A carefully planned, structured, and supervised physiotherapy program, following a surgery, is crucial for the successful diagnosis of physical injuries. Nearly 50 % of the surgeries fail due to unsupervised, and erroneous physiotherapy. The demand for a physiotherapist for an extended period is expensive to afford, and sometimes inaccessible. Researchers have tried to leverage the advancements in wearable sensors and motion tracking by building affordable, automated, physio-therapeutic systems that direct a physiotherapy session by providing audio-visual feedback on patient's performance...
March 2016: Journal of Medical Systems
J Gagé, A Gallucci, R Stroumsa, J-M Foletti, L Guyot, C Chossegros
INTRODUCTION: Among the skeletal causes of limited mouth opening, uni- or bilateral coronoid process hypertrophy, or Langenbeck disease, is the most frequent. It can be associated with an osteochondroma or a coronoid-malar bone conflict and is then called Jacob disease, an unilateral pathology. Treatment rests on coronoidectomy in both cases. This technique is illustrated via two cases, one Langenbeck and one Jacob disease. TECHNICAL NOTE: A transoral approach was performed...
December 2015: Revue de Stomatologie, de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale et de Chirurgie Orale
Rob Stenner, Annette Swinkels, Theresa Mitchell, Shea Palmer
BACKGROUND: The culture of current clinical practice calls for collaboration between therapists and patients, sharing power and responsibility. This paper reports on the findings of a qualitative study of exercise prescription for patients with NSCLBP, taking into account issues such as decision making and how this accords with patient preferences and experiences. OBJECTIVE: To understand the treatment decision making experiences, information and decision support needs of patients with NSCLBP who have been offered exercise as part of their management plan...
September 9, 2015: Physiotherapy
Evangelia Demou, Judith Brown, Kaveh Sanati, Mark Kennedy, Keith Murray, Ewan B Macdonald
BACKGROUND: Sickness absence (SA) is multi-causal and remains a significant problem for employees, employers and society. This makes it necessary to concurrently manage a particular disabling condition and consider the working environment and employee-employer relationship. OBJECTIVE: To describe and examine the components of a novel SA management service Early Access to Support for You (EASY) and discuss their potential influence on the intervention. METHODS: A new sickness absence model, starting from day one of absence, was created called EASY...
2015: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
E K Aasvang, I E Luna, H Kehlet
This narrative review updates the recent advances in our understanding of the multifactorial pathogenesis for reduced postdischarge physical and cognitive function after fast-track surgery, using total hip and knee arthroplasty as surgical models. Relevant factors discussed include the surgical stress responses and potential methods for controlling postsurgical inflammation, pain, and cognitive dysfunction. The continuation of moderate to severe pain in up to 30% of patients for 2-4 weeks calls for better understanding of the underlying mechanisms and development of effective multimodal opioid-sparing analgesic regimens...
December 2015: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Rob Stenner, Annette Swinkels, Theresa Mitchell, Shea Palmer
BACKGROUND: Providing an effective exercise prescription process for patients with non-specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP) is a challenging task. Emerging research has indicated that partnership in care and shared decision making are important for people with NSCLBP and calls for further investigation into the approaches used to prescribe exercise. OBJECTIVE: To explore how shared decision making and patient partnership are addressed by physiotherapists in the process of exercise prescription for patients with NSCLBP...
June 6, 2015: Physiotherapy
Teresa Orlik, Dorota Sands
UNLABELLED: Inhalations, whose aim is the liquefaction of dense viscous secretions and preparing them for evacuation from the bronchial tree by means of drainage techniques, are standard treatment procedures in cystic fibrosis. Numerous studies showed that during inhalation only a small percentage of the drug was deposited in the bronchi. The use of the so-called elevated positive expiratory pressure, or PEP system, can improve the drug deposition in the lungs and consequently have the effect of increasing the effects of physiotherapy and delay the progression of the disease...
January 2015: Developmental Period Medicine
Adesola C Odole, Oluwatobi D Ojo
This study assessed the effects of a 6-week telephone based intervention on the pain intensity and physical function of patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA), and compared the results to physiotherapy conducted in the clinic. Fifty randomly selected patients with knee OA were assigned to one of two treatment groups: a clinic group (CG) and a tele-physiotherapy group (TG). The CG received thrice-weekly physiotherapist administered osteoarthritis-specific exercises in the clinic for six weeks. The TG received structured telephone calls thrice-weekly at home, to monitor self-administered osteoarthritis-specific exercises...
2013: International Journal of Telerehabilitation
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