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manual medicine, spine

Bilwaj Gaonkar, Yihao Xia, Diane S Villaroman, Allison Ko, Mark Attiah, Joel S Beckett, Luke Macyszyn
The development of quantitative imaging biomarkers in medicine requires automatic delineation of relevant anatomical structures using available imaging data. However, this task is complicated in clinical medicine due to the variation in scanning parameters and protocols, even within a single medical center. Existing literature on automatic image segmentation using MR data is based on the analysis of highly homogenous images obtained using a fixed set of pulse sequence parameters (TR/TE). Unfortunately, algorithms that operate on fixed scanning parameters do not avail themselves to real-world daily clinical use due to the existing variation in scanning parameters and protocols...
2017: IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
Olexandr A Jaroshevskyi, Oleksandr S Payenok, Anna V Logvinenko
INTRODUCTION: Vertigo is one of the most common complaints among patients consulting neurologists and general practitioners - family medicine. A special form of dizziness is cervical vertigo. However, the presence of chronic vertigo and imbalance in this group of patients makes it possible to include the treatment of vestibular rehabilitation in the program. AIM: Evalution of the effectiveness of multimodal approach to the management of cervical vertigo. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 109 patients aged from 18 to 45 with vertigo together with myofascial pain syndrome of neck and shoulder area were examined...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Richard Pashayan, Wesley M Cavanaugh, Chad D Warshel, David R Payne
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case study is to describe the presentation of a patient with plasmacytoma. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 49-year-old man presented with progressive neck pain, stiffness, and dysphagia to a chiropractic office. A radiograph indicated a plasmacytoma at C3 vertebral body. The lesion was expansile and caused a mass effect anteriorly on the esophagus and posteriorly on the spinal cord. Neurologic compromise was noted with fasciculations and hypesthesia in the right forearm...
June 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Rafael Cruz Bundoc, Giorgio De Guzman Delgado, Samuel Arsenio Munoz Grozman
STUDY DESIGN: Cadaveric study. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the accuracy and feasibility of cervical pedicle screw (CPS) insertion into the subaxial cervical spine placed using a patient-specific drill guide template constructed from a stereolithographic model. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: CPS fixation is an invaluable tool for posterior cervical fixation because of its biomechanical advantages. The major drawback is its narrow corridor that allows very little clearance for neural and vascular injuries...
February 2017: Asian Spine Journal
Jinho Lee, Joon-Shik Shin, Yoon Jae Lee, Me-Riong Kim, Areum Choi, Jun-Hwan Lee, Kyung-Min Shin, Byung-Cheul Shin, Jae-Heung Cho, In-Hyuk Ha
BACKGROUND: With increase of spine surgeries, failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) prevalence is also rising. While complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is commonly used for low back pain (LBP), there are no studies reporting use of integrative Korean medicine in FBSS patients. METHODS: Patients with pain continuing after back surgery or recurring within 1 year and visual analogue scale (VAS) of LBP or leg pain of ≥6 (total n = 120) were recruited at 2 hospital sites from November 2011 to September 2014...
2017: PloS One
Anthony L Rosner
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to propose a focused assessment of the identity of chiropractic and its profession, triangulating multiple viewpoints converging upon various aspects and definitions of neurology, manual medicine, and alternative or mainstream medicine. DISCUSSION: Over 120 years since its inception, chiropractic has struggled to achieve an identity for which its foundations could provide optimal health care. Despite recognition of the benefits of spinal manipulation in various government guidelines, advances in US military and Veterans Administration, and persistently high levels of patient satisfaction, the chiropractic profession remains underrepresented in most discussions of health care delivery...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
R Kayser, G Harke
The application of various techniques in manual medicine on infants, toddlers and adolescents enjoys widespread acknowledgement not only in the musculoskeletal field but also beyond that. For a long time, the seminars of the DGMM have been trying to structure the advanced training of doctors and the vocational training of physiotherapists and to adjust it according to the latest clinical and scientific findings (in this subject matter). Considering the controversial debates, this seems particularly necessary and meaningful...
June 2016: Der Orthopäde
Kuo-Wei Wang, Hao-Kuang Wang, Kang Lu, Cheng-Loong Liang, Ya-Wen Chen, Po-Chou Liliang
BACKGROUND: C2 vertebroplasty is more challenging than transpedicular percutaneous vertebroplasty in the thoracic and lumbar spine. OBJECTIVE: We report an anterior ascending approach for C2 percutaneous vertebroplasty to avoid potential injury to vital structures surrounding the C2 vertebra. STUDY DESIGN: A technique note with 5 consecutive cases. SETTING: Neurosurgery department of a university hospital. METHODS: Fluoroscopically guided manual compression was applied using 3 fingers at the C5 level between the muscle and trachea...
2016: Pain Physician
Matthew J Smith, Michael J Reiter, Brett D Crist, Loren G Schultz, Theodore J Choma
Patient-reported outcome measures are helping clinicians to use evidence-based medicine in decision making. The use of computer-based questionnaires to gather such data may offer advantages over traditional paper-based methods. These advantages include consistent presentation, prompts for missed questions, reliable scoring, and simple and accurate transfer of information into databases without manual data entry. The authors enrolled 308 patients over a 16-month period from 3 orthopedic clinics: spine, upper extremity, and trauma...
January 2016: Orthopedics
Dan-dan Guo, Qing-hua Guo, Yue Gao, Mei-li Guo
The safflower floret is a traditional Chinese medicine used to promote blood circulation and remove obstruction in the channels. The spines on its bracts are considered a handicap when manual harvest is involved. In this study, cDNA-SRAP was used to systematically investigate which genes are associated with the spines. Sixty pairs of possible primer combinations were used on two cDNA pools representing spininess and spinelessness. Six transcript-derived fragments were identified, of which two with low recombination were sequenced successfully and named as GPY-1 and GPY-2...
August 2015: Yao Xue Xue Bao, Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica
B Kladny
Hippocrates was the first to intensively describe and document the principles for the treatment of injuries and diseases of the spine. His principles for abrupt treatment of the "hunchback" were followed by physicians even up to the end of the nineteenth century. The non-operative treatment of scoliosis was improved in the beginning of the sixteenth century by the introduction of mechanical devices that started the development of corsets which are still in use in modern scoliosis treatment. Stretching beds were only in temporary use...
December 2015: Der Unfallchirurg
Michael D Cusimano, Iryna Pshonyak, Michael Y Lee, Gabriela Ilie
OBJECT Thirty-day readmission has been cited as an important indicator of the quality of care in several fields of medicine. The aim of this systematic review was to examine rate of readmission and factors relevant to readmission after neurosurgery of the spine. METHODS The authors carried out a systematic review using several databases, searches of cited reference lists, and a manual search of the JNS Publishing Group journals (Journal of Neurosurgery; Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine; Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics; and Neurosurgical Focus), Neurosurgery, Acta Neurochirurgica, and Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences...
October 9, 2015: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Xu Wei, Shangquan Wang, Jinxue Li, Jinghua Gao, Jie Yu, Minshan Feng, Liguo Zhu
Background. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is widely applied in the clinical practice of neck pain owing to cervical radiculopathy (CR). While many systematic reviews exist in CAM to improve CR, research is distributed across population, intervention, comparison, and setting. Objective. This overview aims to summarize the characteristics and evaluate critically the evidence from systematic reviews. Methods. A comprehensive literature search was performed in the six databases without language restrictions on February 24, 2015...
2015: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Alan D Kaye, Mark V Boswell, Sanjay Bakshi, Christopher G Gharibo, Vahid Grami, Jay S Grider, Sanjeeva Gupta, Sachin Sunny Jha, Dharam P Mann, Devi E Nampiaparampil, Manohar Lal Sharma, Lindsay N Shroyer, Vijay Singh, Amol Soin, Ricardo Vallejo, Bradley W Wargo, Joshua A Hirsch
BACKGROUND: The therapeutic spinal facet joint interventions generally used for the treatment of axial spinal pain of facet joint origin are intraarticular facet joint injections, facet joint nerve blocks, and radiofrequency neurotomy. Despite interventional procedures being common as treatment strategies for facet joint pathology, there is a paucity of literature investigating these therapeutic approaches. Systematic reviews assessing the effectiveness of various therapeutic facet joint interventions have shown there to be variable evidence based on the region and the modality of treatment utilized...
July 2015: Pain Physician
Luciana Cid Póvoa, Ana Paula Antunes Ferreira, Julio Guilherme Silva
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature for validity of palpatory procedures for evaluating anatomical bone landmarks in the cervical spine. METHODS: A systematic search of electronic databases identified observational studies assessing validity and/or accuracy regarding evaluation of anatomical bone landmarks of cervical spine palpatory procedures. The databases used in the search included the US National Library of Medicine of the National Institutes of Health (MEDLINE/PubMed), the Regional Library of Medicine (Bireme), the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), the Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature database (LILACS), the Cochrane Library, and Coordination of Personnel Improvement of Higher Education (CAPES/Brazil)...
May 2015: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Alicia R Jones, Margaret R Zacharin, Fergus J Cameron, Peter J Simm
AIM: This study aims to examine the referral practices for the Royal Children's Hospital (RCH) bone density service over the past 13 years and to demonstrate referral patterns and possible limitations to accessing paediatric bone densitometry. METHODS: All patients attending the RCH Healthy Bones Unit for bone densitometry from 1 July 1999 to 30 June 2012, aged under 18 years of age, were included. Densitometry results were downloaded directly from the Hologic scanner into an Excel document...
June 2015: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Mersija Kasumovic, Emir Gorcevic, Semir Gorcevic, Jasna Osmanovic
INTRODUCTION: The cervical syndrome refers to a set of disorders caused by the changes in the cervical spine and the soft-tissue surrounding it, with pain as the predominant symptom. Sore neck has been a common problem among a large section of today`s population. The factors contributing to this issue include the modern lifestyle, prolonged sitting and incorrect, fixed or constrained working postures. The root of these difficulties is found in the mechanical disorders of the cervical spine structures, poor body posture and jerky body movements...
December 2013: Medical Archives
Clarines Rosa De Jesus, Barbara M García Peña, Juan Manuel Lozano, Vincenzo Maniaci
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate cervical spine motion using 2 manual inline immobilization techniques with the use of a human simulator model. METHODS: Medical students, pediatric and family practice residents, and pediatric emergency medicine fellows were recruited to maintain cervical manual in line immobilization above the head of the bed and across the chest of a human simulator while orotracheal intubation was performed. Participants were then instructed on appropriate holding techniques after the initial session took place...
September 2015: Pediatric Emergency Care
Amie Lamoreaux Hesbach
As it matures, the field of animal rehabilitation is welcoming utilization of interventions that have proven efficacy in the specialty of physical therapy for human patients. More recently, manual therapy techniques have become more accepted. Range-of-motion and stretching techniques; mobilization or manipulation of soft tissues, peripheral joints, and the spine; neuromuscular facilitation techniques; techniques unique to osteopathy; chest physical therapy; manual lymphatic drainage techniques; and neural mobilization techniques are now commonly incorporated in clinical practice, and these interventions are more commonly cited in the veterinary literature...
March 2014: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
Jeffrey C Wang, Andrew T Dailey, Praveen V Mummaneni, Zoher Ghogawala, Daniel K Resnick, William C Watters, Michael W Groff, Tanvir F Choudhri, Jason C Eck, Alok Sharan, Sanjay S Dhall, Michael G Kaiser
Patients suffering from a lumbar herniated disc will typically present with signs and symptoms consistent with radiculopathy. They may also have low-back pain, however, and the source of this pain is less certain, as it may be from the degenerative process that led to the herniation. The surgical alternative of choice remains a lumbar discectomy, but fusions have been performed for both primary and recurrent disc herniations. In the original guidelines, the inclusion of a fusion for routine discectomies was not recommended...
July 2014: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
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