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Metabolic Syndrome in Children and Adolescents Living with HIV.

María Espiau, Diego Yeste, Antoni Noguera-Julian, María I González-Tomé, Lola Falcón-Neyra, César Gavilán, María L Navarro-Gómez, María J Mellado-Peña, Mercedes Gracia-Casanova, María E Colino-Gil, Maria Méndez, Luis M Ciria Calavia, Clàudia Fortuny, Antonio Carrascosa, Pere Soler-Palacín
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is considered an independent risk factor for developing cardiovascular disease. It is well known that the prevalence of metabolic disorders have increased in pediatric HIV-infected children. The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence and characteristics of MetS in HIV-infected children and adolescents in Spain. METHODS: A cross-sectional multicenter study in 152 patients from the pediatric cohort of the Spanish AIDS Research Network (CoRISpe) was performed...
June 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Euden Bhutia, Alok Hemal, Tribhuvan Pal Yadav, K L Ramesh
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that about 2.5 million people are living with HIV infection in India. Although antiretroviral drugs have been able to reduce the mortality, these drugs have serious side effects one of which is lipodystrophy syndrome. Most of the drugs used in HAART viz, protease inhibitors, stavudine and nevirapine are associated with lipodystrophy. Hence we conducted this study to assess the prevalence of lipodystrophy in HIV infected children on HAART and its associated risk factors...
June 2014: African Health Sciences
Maria C Monge, Cathryn L Samples
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Advances in HIV treatment, including simplified and better tolerated antiretroviral drug regimens, have led to increasing numbers of HIV-positive children and adolescents surviving into adulthood. Effective pediatric and adolescent primary care provided by pediatricians working together with an HIV specialist can help to optimize their current and future health. RECENT FINDINGS: New data are showing youth with HIV may be at increased risk for early cardiovascular disease and metabolic derangements as compared with their uninfected peers...
August 2012: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
J M Oleske, P M Rothpletz-Puglia, H Winter
Women, perinatally-infected infants, and sexually exposed and exploited youths and adolescents have become a major focus of the worldwide HIV/AIDS pandemic. Increased perinatal screening, improvement in early infant diagnosis, and the benefits of primary HIV therapies have increased the numbers identified and longevity of infants and children living with HIV. This increase in survival is associated with HIV/AIDS becoming a chronic multiorgan system disease that requires a multidiscipline comprehensive care approach...
October 1996: Journal of Nutrition
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